National Capital Region (Canada): Wikis

  
  
  

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National Capital Region
—  Metropolitan Area  —
Elgin Street in Ottawa, looking toward Parliament Hill.
Coordinates: 45°25′15″N 75°41′24″W / 45.42083°N 75.69°W / 45.42083; -75.69
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario  Quebec
Elevation 70 - 556 m (230 - 1,825 ft)
Population [1][2]
 Metro 1,451,415
 - CMA 1,130,761
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 613, 819, 343 [3]

The National Capital Region is an official federal designation for the Canadian capital of Ottawa, Ontario, the neighbouring city of Gatineau, Quebec, and the surrounding area.

The National Capital Region consists of an area of 5,319 square kilometres that straddles the boundary between the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The area of the National Capital Region is very similar to that of the Ottawa-Gatineau Census Metropolitan Area, although the National Capital Region contains a number of small neighbouring communities that are not contained within the CMA. When all the communities are added, the population is 1,451,415. Ottawa-Gatineau is the only CMA in the nation to fall within two provinces.

The National Capital Region is not a separate political jurisdiction, although the National Capital Commission is deeply involved in political, cultural, and land use planning matters in the National Capital Region. Proposals have sometimes been made to separate the National Capital Region from its two respective provinces, and transform it into a separate capital district, like the District of Columbia in the United States or the Australian Capital Territory. Such proposals have never come close to passage, and there does not currently appear to be any political will or necessity to pursue this option.

Parts of the National Capital Region are recognized as bilingual regions for language-of-work purposes.[4]

In 2006, the National Capital Commission completed work on the long-discussed Confederation Boulevard, a ceremonial route linking key attractions in National Capital Region on both sides of the Ottawa River.[5]

Contents

Geography

Ottawa is located in the sub-region of Southern Ontario called Eastern Ontario. Gatineau is located in southwestern Quebec. It is situated close to where the Canadian shield and the Saint Lawrence Lowlands intersect. The area has several major fault lines[6] and small earthquakes do occur somewhat regularly. The Gatineau Hills are the foothills of the Laurentian Mountains and located in the region. They supply great skiing and snowboarding opportunities within minutes of the city.

Attractions

Bluesfest in LeBreton Flats Ottawa.
Scotiabank Place in West Ottawa.

The NCR has numerous attractions, including world famous festivals, national museums, famous buildings and architecture, sports and entertainment. Ottawa has some of the best examples of Gothic Revival architecture in North America.

Festivals

The annual music festival Bluesfest, the world renowned winter festival Winterlude[7], the Canadian Tulip Festival[8], RCMP musical ride[9], Gatineau Hot Air Balloon Festival, Buskers festival, the biggest Canada Day[10] celebrations in the Nation.

Museums and buildings

Ottawa and Gatineau have a number of national museums. The most prominent museums are the Canadian Museum of Civilization, Canadian Museum of Nature, Canada Science and Technology Museum, National Art Gallery, National Arts Centre, Canada Aviation Museum.

Some of the 's famous buildings are the Parliament Hill, the Prime Minister's home 24 Sussex Drive, the Governor General's home Rideau Hall, the Canadian Museum of Civilization, the National Gallery of Canada, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Royal Canadian Mint, the American Embassy and the National Library.

Sports and entertainment

The National Capital Region has many sports teams. The Ottawa Senators of the National Hockey League play in Ottawa's west end. The Senators have one of the most successful attendance records in the league with over capacity crowds at almost every game.[11] Ottawa is also home to a successful Ontario Hockey League, the Ottawa 67's. Gatineau is home to the 2007-2008 QMJHL champions, the Gatineau Olympiques.

The Ottawa area has two universities, Carleton University and the University of Ottawa, which compete in Canadian Interuniversity Sport. The Carleton Ravens are nationally ranked in basketball, and the Ottawa Gee-Gees are nationally-ranked in football and basketball. Algonquin College also has numerous national championships.

Transportation

Ottawa's O-Train

The NCR has several major freeways including the 417, 416, 5, 50, 174, and the Ottawa River Parkway.

The 417 is Ottawa's major east-west commuter expressway. It runs from Highway 17 in Renfrew County through Ottawa and exits at the 417-174 split. It then continues towards Montreal and stops at the Ontario-Quebec border and becomes Quebec Autoroute 40.

The 416 starts at the 401 near the Ogdensburg-Prescott International Bridge and continues north for 75 km until it ends at the 417 in Ottawa's west end.

Public transportation is handled by OC Transpo on the Ontario side, and the STO on the Quebec side. Together they serve a population over 1,047,000 and have an estimated annual ridership of over 113.2 million. [12][13]

OC also has a light rail system named the O-Train, which is still in the development stages. The system uses Bombardier Talent Trains and has just over 2 million riders per year.[14] A massive expansion is currently in development to link the western suburbs and the eastern suburbs to downtown, as well as to continue expansion south.

OC Transpo has about 1,200 buses which run on city streets and an expansive transitway. The STO has around 300 buses that serve the Quebec side of the Ottawa River.

Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport is the main international airport serving the Capital Region. It handled over 4.2 million passengers in 2009, making it Canada's 6th busiest air facility and the 2nd busiest airport in Ontario. It offers non-stop flights to and from Canada, the United States, Caribbean and Europe. It is part of the three busiest air routes in the nation, with hourly flights to/from Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport and Toronto Pearson International Airport.

Area codes

The NCR uses the area codes 613 on the Ontario side of the Ottawa River, and 819 for the Quebec side. Another area code, 343, will commence sometime between December 2010 and September 2011 on the Ontario side as the 613 exhausts.[15]

Although located in different area codes, Ottawa and Gatineau have local dialing with each other. Previously, the two cities had exchange protection in place, meaning that a local exchange code in Ottawa could not also be assigned in Gatineau, although this is no longer the case as ten-digit local dialing has been in place since 2006.

Media

There are 3 main daily local newspapers printed in Ottawa. Two english language newspapers The Ottawa Citizen and Ottawa Sun, with 900,197 and 274,628 weekly circulation respectively, and one french language newspaper Le Droit with 215,579 weekly circulation.[16] Local television is provided by Rogers, and Bell, and Videotron.

Cities, towns, and populations within Ottawa-Gatineau CMA

Source: 2006 Census of Canada[17]

Hull sector of Gatineau.
City or Town Population
Ontario
Clarence-Rockland 20,790
Ottawa 812,129
Russell 13,883
Quebec
Cantley 7,926
Chelsea 6,703
Denholm 604
Gatineau 242,124
La Pêche 7,477
L'Ange-Gardien 4,348
Pontiac 5,238
Val-des-Monts 9,539

Other towns within National Capital Region

While not officially in the CMA, the following municipalities (most of which are adjacent to the CMA) are included in the National Capital Region, due to their close economic and social ties with Ottawa.

Municipality Population
Ontario
Alfred and Plantagenet 8,654
Arnprior 7,158
Beckwith 6,387
Carleton Place 9,453
Casselman 3,294
Mississippi Mills 11,734
North Dundas 11,095
North Grenville 14,198
North Stormont 6,769
The Nation 10,643
Quebec
Lochaber 456
Lochaber-Partie-Ouest 477
Low 852
Montebello 1,039
Notre-Dame-de-la-Salette 706
Papineauville 2,247
Plaisance 1,004
Thurso 2,436

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data". 2006 Canadian Census. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/popdwell/Table.cfm?T=301&S=3&O=D. Retrieved 2007-07-20. 
  2. ^ "Community Highlights for Ottawa (CMA)". 2001 Canadian Census. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3506008&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Ottawa&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All. Retrieved 2007-01-26. 
  3. ^ http://www.crtc.gc.ca/eng/archive/2008/dt2008-89.htm
  4. ^ Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. "List of Bilingual Regions of Canada for Language-of-Work Purposes". http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/pubs_pol/hrpubs/OffLang/chap5_1-1-eng.asp. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  5. ^ "Confederation Boulevard, National Capital Commission Web site". http://www.canadascapital.gc.ca/bins/ncc_web_content_page.asp?cid=16300-20444-20505&lang=1. Retrieved 2008-02-11. 
  6. ^ http://gsc.nrcan.gc.ca/urbgeo/natcap/bed_topo_e.php
  7. ^ http://www.canadascapital.gc.ca/bins/ncc_web_content_page.asp?cid=16297-16298-22877&lang=1&bhcp=1
  8. ^ http://www.tulipfestival.ca/
  9. ^ http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/mr-ce/index-eng.htm
  10. ^ http://www.canadascapital.gc.ca/bins/ncc_web_content_page.asp?cid=16297-16298-22876&lang=1&utm_source=ncc&utm_medium=cpc&utm_content=FR&utm_campaign=homeLink
  11. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/nhl/attendance?year=2008
  12. ^ http://octranspo.com/admin/Facts_Figures/Facts_ridership.htm
  13. ^ http://www.sto.ca/a_propos/donnees_statistiques_e.html
  14. ^ http://www.octranspo.com/train_menue.htm
  15. ^ http://www2.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=2b91bada-4613-47c3-991c-7c78afffbca3
  16. ^ http://www.cna-acj.ca/en/system/files/CircDataReport08.pdf
  17. ^ Statistics Canada. 2006 Census data

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010







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