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Los Angeles Dodgers and the Philadelphia Phillies standing before a giant American flag during the National Anthem preceding Game 3 of the 2008 NLCS at Dodger Stadium
NLCS 2008 Game 3 between the Los Angeles Dodgers and the Philadelphia Phillies played at Dodger Stadium

In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS) is a round in the postseason that determines who wins the National League pennant and advances to Major League Baseball's championship, the World Series, facing the winner of the American League Championship Series. The reigning National League Champions are the Philadelphia Phillies.

Prior to 1969, the National League champion (the "pennant winner") was determined by the best win-loss record at the end of the regular season. There were four ad hoc three-game playoff series due to ties under this formulation (in 1946, 1951, 1959 and 1962), as also happened once (1948) in the American League (the AL, however, used a single-game playoff).

A structured postseason series began in 1969, when both the National and American Leagues were reorganized into two divisions each, East and West. The two division winners within each league played each other in a best-of-five series to determine who would advance to the World Series. In 1985, the format changed to best-of-seven.

The NLCS and ALCS, since the expansion to best-of-seven, are always played in a 2-3-2 format: Since 1995, games 1, 2, 6 and 7 are played in the stadium of the team that has home field advantage, and Games 3, 4 and 5 are played in the stadium of the team that does not. Home field advantage is given to the team that has the better record, with the exception that the team that made the postseason as the Wild Card team cannot get home field advantage. From 1969 to 1993, home field advantage was alternated between divisions each year regardless of regular season record.

In 1981, a divisional series was held due to a split season caused by a players' strike.

In 1994, the league was restructured into three divisions, with the three division winners and a wild-card team advancing to a best-of-five postseason round, the National League Division Series (NLDS). The winners of that round advance to the best-of-seven NLCS. The NLDS was first played in 1995 due to the cancellation of the 1994 postseason during another players' strike.

The Milwaukee Brewers are the only National League team to have not played in the NLCS. However, the Brewers, as an American League team from 1969 through 1997, played in and won the 1982 American League Championship Series.


Championship Trophy

The Warren C. Giles Trophy, named for the president of the NL from 1951 to 1969, is awarded to the NLCS winner.[1]

Most Valuable Player Award

See: League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award#National League winners

A Most Valuable Player (MVP) award is given to the outstanding player in each series, though voters can consider performances made during the divisional series. The MVP award has been given to a player on the losing team twice, in 1986 to Mike Scott of the Houston Astros and in 1987 to Jeff Leonard of the San Francisco Giants.

Although the National League began its LCS MVP award in 1977, the American League did not begin its LCS MVP award till 1980. The winners are listed (1) below in the section on "NLCS results (1969-present)", in the "Series MVP" column, (2) at League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award, and (3) on the MLB website.[2]

NLCS results (1969-present)

Year Winner Loser Wins Losses Series MVP Notable Television Network
1969 New York Mets Atlanta Braves 3 0   Art Shamsky and Cleon Jones combine for a .481 batting average to lead Mets to sweep NBC
1970 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 3 0   Bobby Tolan scores all 3 runs for Reds in Game 2 win and drives in winning run with 8th inning single in Game 3 clincher. NBC
1971 Pittsburgh Pirates San Francisco Giants 3 1   First League Championship Series that didn't result in a sweep. NBC
1972 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 3 2   After Johnny Bench hit a Game 5-tying home run, Bob Moose threw a 9th-inning wild pitch to send the Reds to the World Series. NBC
1973 New York Mets Cincinnati Reds 3 2   This series is best remembered for a fight between Pete Rose and Bud Harrelson. NBC
1974 Los Angeles Dodgers Pittsburgh Pirates 3 1   Dodgers clinch series on owner Walter O'Malley's 71st birthday NBC
1975 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 3 0   Reds sweep series despite John Candelaria's 14 strikeouts in final game NBC
1976 Cincinnati Reds Philadelphia Phillies 3 0   The Reds became the only team (NL or AL) to sweep entire postseason series when they went on to defeat the Yankees in a four-game World Series. ABC
1977 Los Angeles Dodgers Philadelphia Phillies 3 1 Dusty Baker, Los Angeles After splitting the first two games, the Phils lead Game 3 with nobody on and two outs in the 9th inning. But an error by Greg Luzinski in left field starts a Dodger rally in whch they score 3 runs to give the Dodgers the win and the momentum to take the series. NBC
1978 Los Angeles Dodgers Philadelphia Phillies 3 1 Steve Garvey, Los Angeles Garry Maddox's error in the 10th inning of Game 4 help set up the winning run for the Dodgers. ABC
1979 Pittsburgh Pirates Cincinnati Reds 3 0 Willie Stargell, Pittsburgh After losing to the Reds three times in the NLCS, the Pirates finally get revenge. NBC
1980 Philadelphia Phillies Houston Astros 3 2 Manny Trillo, Philadelphia Phillies win their first pennant since 1950. Numerous surveys and articles rank this as one of the best postseason series of all time; the final four games went to extra innings. ABC
1981 Los Angeles Dodgers Montreal Expos 3 2 Burt Hooton, Los Angeles A key home run by Rick Monday, off Steve Rogers, eliminated the Expos in their only postseason appearance. NBC
1982 St. Louis Cardinals Atlanta Braves 3 0 Darrell Porter, St. Louis Due to a rainout Game 1 of the series had to be played twice. ABC
1983 Philadelphia Phillies Los Angeles Dodgers 3 1 Gary Matthews, Philadelphia Philadelphia prevailed despite having lost 11 of 12 regular-season meetings. NBC
1984 San Diego Padres Chicago Cubs 3 2 Steve Garvey, San Diego After Steve Garvey hit a game-winning home run in Game 4, the Padres finished their 2-0 comeback in Game 5 after Leon Durham made a crucial error. ABC
1985 St. Louis Cardinals Los Angeles Dodgers 4 2 Ozzie Smith, St. Louis The first best-of-seven NLCS. Ozzie Smith ended Game 5 with his first ever left-handed home run, and in Game 6 Tom Niedenfuer surrendered his second big homer in as many games when Jack Clark struck the deciding blow. NBC
1986 New York Mets Houston Astros 4 2 Mike Scott, Houston In the first NLCS between expansion teams, Mike Scott pitched two complete games, but Lenny Dykstra and Gary Carter provided game-winning heroics for the Mets before an epic 16-inning classic in Game 6 closed out the series. ABC
1987 St. Louis Cardinals San Francisco Giants 4 3 Jeff Leonard, San Francisco Although Jeff Leonard hit home runs in each of the first four games of the series, it would not be enough as Cardinal pitchers John Tudor and Danny Cox hurled shutouts in Games 6 and 7. NBC
1988 Los Angeles Dodgers New York Mets 4 3 Orel Hershiser, Los Angeles The Dodgers scored a memorable seven-game upset victory over the heavily favored Mets, who had beaten the Dodgers 10 out of 11 times during the regular season. Orel Hershiser, the series MVP, pitched an LCS-record 24⅔ innings, while Kirk Gibson hit two key home runs. ABC
1989 San Francisco Giants Chicago Cubs 4 1 Will Clark, San Francisco Will Clark set LCS records with a .650 AVG, 8 runs scored and 24 total bases as the Giants stormed to a five-game series victory for their first NL pennant since 1962. NBC
1990 Cincinnati Reds Pittsburgh Pirates 4 2 Rob Dibble and Randy Myers, Cincinnati Led by "Nasty Boys" Dibble, Myers and Norm Charlton coming out of the bullpen, the Reds won their first pennant since 1976, defeating the Pirates in six games in a record fifth NLCS meeting between the two. Ironically, the two had been the only NL teams to miss the playoffs every year of the 1980s. CBS
1991 Atlanta Braves Pittsburgh Pirates 4 3 Steve Avery, Atlanta Steve Avery's record 16.1 scoreless innings pitched led the unheralded Braves to a seven-game series victory and their first pennant since 1958. CBS
1992 Atlanta Braves Pittsburgh Pirates 4 3 John Smoltz, Atlanta Down in the 9th inning, Francisco Cabrera singled home two runs to bring Atlanta their second pennant in a row. CBS
1993 Philadelphia Phillies Atlanta Braves 4 2 Curt Schilling, Philadelphia Kim Batiste, in his only postseason at-bat ever, hit the game-winning single in the 10th inning of Game 1 after making a 9th-inning throwing error that led to the tying run. CBS
1994 Not held due to labor dispute.
1995 Atlanta Braves Cincinnati Reds 4 0 Mike Devereaux, Atlanta The Braves wiped out the Reds in the first-ever four game sweep in NLCS history. ABC (Games 1-2), NBC (Games 3-4)
1996 Atlanta Braves St. Louis Cardinals 4 3 Javy López, Atlanta Atlanta came back from a 3-1 deficit by winning 2 of their next 3 games in blowout fashion. The combined score in those games was 32-1. FOX
1997 Florida Marlins Atlanta Braves 4 2 Liván Hernández, Florida Filling in for an ill Kevin Brown, rookie Liván Hernández, aided by umpire Eric Gregg's incredibly wide "bater's box to batter's box" strike zone, recorded 15 strikeouts in a crucial Game 5 victory that would tilt the series in Florida's favor and send them to their first World Series. NBC
1998 San Diego Padres Atlanta Braves 4 2 Sterling Hitchcock, San Diego Buoyed by strong pitching performances by series MVP Hitchcock, Kevin Brown and Andy Ashby, the Padres raced to a 3-0 series lead before wrapping up their first NL title since 1984. FOX
1999 Atlanta Braves New York Mets 4 2 Eddie Pérez, Atlanta The Mets, in their first LCS appearance since 1988, won on a Robin Ventura hit in the 15th inning of a rainy Game 5. In Game 6, Kenny Rogers walked Andruw Jones with the bases loaded to give the Braves the pennant in extra innings. NBC
2000 New York Mets St. Louis Cardinals 4 1 Mike Hampton, New York The Mets beat the Cardinals in 5 games thanks mostly to timely hitting and clutch pitching. Mike Hampton's 3-hit shutout in the clinching game gave the Mets their first pennant since 1986. FOX
2001 Arizona Diamondbacks Atlanta Braves 4 1 Craig Counsell, Arizona Arizona advanced to the World Series in only their 4th year of existence. FOX
2002 San Francisco Giants St. Louis Cardinals 4 1 Benito Santiago, San Francisco Kenny Lofton's game-winning single wins San Francisco its first pennant since 1989. FOX
2003 Florida Marlins Chicago Cubs 4 3 Iván Rodríguez, Florida In the Cubs' first LCS appearance since 1989, Steve Bartman earned infamy as Florida battled back from a 3-1 hole to extend the Billy Goat Curse. Rodriguez had an NLCS record 10 RBI. FOX
2004 St. Louis Cardinals Houston Astros 4 3 Albert Pujols, St. Louis Albert Pujols set NLCS records with 14 hits, 28 total bases and 4 home runs. Houston's Carlos Beltran matched the latter mark. The Cardinals' first pennant since 1987. FOX
2005 Houston Astros St. Louis Cardinals 4 2 Roy Oswalt, Houston The Astros' first NL championship. Albert Pujols' 3 run home run in Game 5 with 2 outs in the 9th temporarily saved the Cardinals from elimination. FOX
2006 St. Louis Cardinals New York Mets 4 3 Jeff Suppan, St. Louis[3] St. Louis won the series behind strong pitching and a home run from Yadier Molina in Game 7. Suppan pitched Game 3 & 7, and had an 0.60 ERA in the LDS & LCS. FOX
2007 Colorado Rockies Arizona Diamondbacks 4 0 Matt Holliday, Colorado This was the first NLCS between two NL West teams. The Rockies, in their first NLCS, became the first team ever to sweep both the division and championship series. TBS
2008 Philadelphia Phillies Los Angeles Dodgers 4 1 Cole Hamels, Philadelphia The fourth time that the Phillies and Dodgers met in the NLCS. Down 5-3 in the 8th inning of Game 4, the Phillies score 4 runs including a Matt Stairs pinch hit 2-run home run off of Jonathan Broxton to the give the Phils a commanding 3-1 series lead. FOX
2009 Philadelphia Phillies Los Angeles Dodgers 4 1 Ryan Howard, Philadelphia The second straight year (fifth time overall) that the Phillies and Dodgers met in the NLCS. Just when it appeared the Dodgers would tie the series at 2, Jimmy Rollins hit a double off of Jonathan Broxton with two out in the bottom of the 9th inning of Game 4 to drive home the tying and winning runs. TBS

Denotes wild-card team (since 1995).

See also


  1. ^ Mike Jensen, " 'Fantastic feeling' for Bill Giles," Philadelphia Inquirer, Oct. 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-08-17.
  2. ^ League Championship Series Most Valuable Players ( ). MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  3. ^ "Jeff Suppan: Biography and Career Highlights". Retrieved 2008-10-07.  

Simple English

In Major League Baseball, the National League Championship Series (NLCS), played in October, is a playoff round that decides the winner of the National League pennant. The winner of the series moves on to play the winner of the American League Championship Series in baseball's championship, the World Series.

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