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National Liberation Front of Tripura
Participant in Tripura rebellion
Active 1989 – present
Ideology Tripuri nationalism
Leaders Biswamohan Debbarma
Utpanna Tripura†
Mukul Debbarma†
Area of
India Tripura, India
Strength approx. 550-850[1][2]
Opponents Government of Tripura

The National Liberation Front of Tripura (or NLFT) is a Tripuri nationalist militant organization based in Tripura, India.[3][4][5][6]

The NLFT seeks to secede from India and establish an independent Tripuri state, and has actively participated in the Tripura Rebellion.

The NLFT is currently proscribed as a terrorist organization in India.[7][8]



Investigations revealed that the NLFT produced pornographic films of kidnapped tribal men and women at gunpoint in order to finance its activities.[9] NLFT leaders were also accused of sexually abusing female prisoners.[9]

The NLFT reportedly issued a ban on Durga Puja and Saraswati Puja.[10] Nagmanlal Halam, secretary of the Noapara Baptist Church in Tripura, was arrested for and confessed to providing munitions and financial aid to the NLFT from 1998 until 2000.[10] According to the Institute for Conflict Management, approximately 90% of the NLFT's administration are Christians.[8] Since 2000, several hundred militants have surrendered to the Indian Security Forces.


In the wake of the expulsion of Biswamohan Debbarma and Nayanbasi Jamatiya, the NLFT divided into two factions in February 2001.

Cited causes of internal conflicts[8] include the reluctance of Biswamohan Debbarma's Central Executive Committee to nominate Joshua Debbarma as the King of ‘Tripura Kingdom’; misappropriation of funds by senior leaders; lavish lifestyles led by the senior leadership; and forcible conversion of tribal cadres/civilians to Christianity.

Other leaders of the original NLFT included ‘Vice President’ Kamini Debbarma, ‘Publicity Secretary’ Binoy Debbarma, ‘Chief of Army’ Dhanu Koloi, and ‘Finance Secretary’ Bishnu Prasad Jamatiya.

Biswamohan faction

The Biswamohan faction (NLFT/BM) is currently headed by Biswamohan Debbarma.

Upon the surrender of Mantu Koloi, second in command, he requested that Biswamohan Debbarma and Ranjit Debbarma engage in talks with the Government of India to resolve the crisis, but both leaders vowed to fight on.[11]

Nayanbasi faction

The Nayanbasi faction (NLFT/NB) was lead by Nayanbasi Jamatiya until 2004, when it peacefully entered into a Memorandum of Settlement with India.[12]

See also


  • Adam, Jeroen; Bruno De Cordier, Kristof Titeca, Koen Vlassenroot (November 2007). "In the Name of the Father?: Christian Militantism in Tripura, Northern Uganda, and Ambon". Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 30 (11): 963–983. doi:10.1080/10576100701611288.  


  1. ^ "Militancy in Tripura". Tripura Police. Retrieved 2009-03-01.  
  2. ^ Latimer, William (March 2004). "What can the United States learn from India to counter terrorism?" (PDF). Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2009-03-01.  
  3. ^ "Terrorist Organization Profile: National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)". National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism. University of Maryland. Retrieved 2009-03-01.  
  4. ^ "Terrorism in South Asia" (PDF), Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, The Library of Congress, 2005-08-31, pp. 44,, retrieved 2009-03-01  
  5. ^ Kronstadt, K. Alan, ed. (2006-07-31), "India-U.S. Relations" (PDF), Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, The Library of Congress, pp. 22,, retrieved 2009-03-01  
  6. ^ "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices". Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. United States Department of State. 2001-02-23. Retrieved 2009-03-01.  
  7. ^ "The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002". Republic of India. South Asia Terrorism Portal. 2002. Retrieved 2009-03-01.  
  8. ^ a b c National Liberation Front of Tripura at the Institute for Conflict Management's South Asian Terrorism Portal
  9. ^ a b Bhaumik, Subir (2005-08-27). "India rebels 'making porn films'". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-03-15.  
  10. ^ a b Bhaumik, Subir (2000-04-18). "Church backing Tripura rebels". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-03-15.  
  11. ^ Bhaumik, Subir (2004-05-06). "Tripura rebels surrender". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-03-15.  
  12. ^ India Press Information Bureau (2009-02-18). "Policy for Solving Insurgency Problem in NE". Press release.  

External links

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