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The National Livestock Identification System (NLIS) is a livestock identification and tracking system used in Australia.

The system uses RFID devices to identify and track livestock and keeps a central electronic database of an animal’s residency and animals it has interacted with.[1] The government claims the system improves food safety and access to export markets, and assists with disease management. Farmers must register their property if they hold one or more heads of livestock including horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, deer and camels,[2] though the NLIS will not confirm ownership of livestock.[3] The system originates from a cattle-tracing system introduced in Australia in the 1960s to help fight bovine tuberculosis.[4]

Similar systems exist in other countries such as the National Animal Identification System in the United States and the proposed National Animal Identification and Tracing in New Zealand.

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