National Order of Quebec: Wikis


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Ordre national du Québec
National Order of Quebec
Awarded by the
Coat of arms of Québec.svg
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec
Type National order
Motto Homage to the People of Quebec
Eligibility Residents of Quebec nominated by the Council and non-Quebecers nominated by the Premier of Quebec
Awarded for
Status Currently constituted
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Grand Officer (grand officier) (GOQ)
Officer (officier) (OQ)
Knight (chevalier) (CQ)
Established 20 June 1984
Next (higher) Venerable Order of Saint John
Next (lower) Saskatchewan Order of Merit
National Order Quebec ribbon bar.png
Ribbon of the National Order of Quebec

The National Order of Quebec, termed officially in French as l'Ordre national du Québec, and in English abbreviation as the Order of Quebec, is a civilian honour for merit in the Canadian province of Quebec. Instituted in 1984 by Lieutenant Governor Jean-Pierre Côté,[1] on the advice of the Cabinet under Premier René Lévesque, the order is administered by the Governor-in-Council,[1] and is intended to honour current or former Quebec residents for conspicuous achievements in any field, being thus described as the highest honour in Quebec and French America.[2]


Structure and appointment

Though the National Order of Quebec was established with the granting of Royal Assent by Quebec's Lieutenant Governor, and the Canadian sovereign is the fount of honour,[3] unlike other provinces, the viceroy does not form an explicit part of the organization. Instead, the monarch's representative is related to the order only by virtue of his or her place in council, collectively termed the government of Quebec,[4] to which the constitution of the Order of Quebec makes specific reference.[5]

The order contains three grades, each with accordant post-nominal letters and place in the Canadian order of precedence for honours, decorations, and medals. They are, in heirarchical order:[6]

  • Grand Officer (grand officier) (GOQ)
  • Officer (officier) (OQ)
  • Knight (chevalier) (CQ)

Nominations to the National Order of Quebec are sought in Quebec's daily and weekly media publications and are directed to the Council of the National Order of Quebec, elected by and amongst the members of the order for a period of three years, and headed by a president elected by the council for two years,[n 1][8] which is mandated to short-list candidates. These suggestions are forwarded to the Cabinet, which then submits its recommendations for final approval by the viceroy.[1] Any person born, living, or who has lived in Quebec, save for anyone serving as a Member of the National Assembly of Quebec,[9] is eligible to be nominated, and names may be submitted posthumously;[5] admission recognizes conspicuous meritorious actions that improve or support Quebec and/or its language and culture.[10] The Cabinet may also, without the input of the Council of the National Order of Quebec, put forward the names of non-Quebecers for appointment as honorary members.[11] Promotion through the grades is possible for both substantive and honorary members.[12]


Upon admission into the Order of Quebec, members are gifted various insignia of the organization, all administered by the Regulations for the Insignias of the National Order of Quebec and designed by Madeleine Dansereau, who was inspired by the heraldic elements of the provincial flag, notably the colours of blue and white used on the order's ribbon and the fleur-de-lis.[13] A medallion, miniature, and button.[14] The badge of a Grand Officer consists of two 18kt gold plates, in the shape of a cross formed by two 60 millimetres (2.4 in) by 40 millimetres (1.6 in) arms, symmetrically superimposed atop one another 4mm apart, the obverse face a high-polish, rusticated surface; at the lower left corner is a white enamel fleur-de-lis. On the reverse of the badge is inscribed the order's motto – Honneur au peuple du Québec (homage to the people of Quebec) – and a serial number at the base of the vertical bar. The badge for Officers is of a nearly identical design, but made of arms 50 millimetres (2.0 in) long by 25 millimetres (0.98 in) wide, the obverse plate in 18k gold with an applied gold fleur-de-lis, and the rear in sterling silver. Officers have a medal with a 40 millimetres (1.6 in) diameter, brushed silver medallion with a symmetrically placed, etched cross with arms 30 millimetres (1.2 in) long by 20 millimetres (0.79 in) wide and filled with a highly polished, rusticated surface; a gold fleur-de-lis is mounted at the lower, left side of the cross. Each member will also receive miniature versions of their insignia, identical in appearance save for size: those for all grades being 18 millimetres (0.71 in) wide in each direction or in circumference. A lapel pin is also used for wear on casual civilian clothing.[15] Male members wear their emblems suspended from a 38 millimetres (1.5 in) wide ribbon, at the collar for Grand Officers and Officers, and on a vertical ribbon on a medal bar on the left chest for Knights; women Grand Officers and Officers wear their insignia on a ribbon bow pinned at the left shoulder, and female Knights carry their medals in the same fashion as the men. The ribbon for miniatures is 18 millimetres (0.71 in) wide.[15]

The regulations of the National Order of Quebec stipulate that the Premier presents new inductees with their insignia, either on the National Holiday of Quebec or another day during the National Week.[16] The ceremony takes place in the Salon Rouge of the parliament building in Quebec City, though exceptions are sometimes made when inductees cannot be present (notably for some non-Quebecer appointments).[1] The insignia remain property of the Crown in Right of Quebec,[17] and must be returned upon a holder's cessation of membership in the society, whether by death or dismissal.[18]


The following are some notable appointees into the National Order of Quebec:

Quebec inductees

Grand Officer



Non-Quebec inductees

Honorary Grand Officer

Honorary Officer

Honorary Knight

See also


  1. ^ The current members of the Council of the National Order of Quebec are:


  1. ^ a b c d Bingham, Russell, "Culture > Awards > National Order of Québec (L'ordre national du Québec)", in Marsh, James H., The Canadian Encyclopedia, Toronto: Historica Foundation of Canada,, retrieved 14 August 2009  
  2. ^ Ministère du Conseil exécutif. "L'Ordre national du Québec" (in French). Éditeur officiel du Québec. Retrieved 14 August 2009.  
  3. ^ Royal Canadian Mounted Police. "Honours and Recognition Programs > Canadian National Honours". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 20 May 2009.  
  4. ^ Victoria (1 July 1867), Constitution Act, 1867, 66, Westminster: Queen's Printer,  
  5. ^ a b Elizabeth II (20 June 1984) (in French), Loi sur l'Ordre national du Québec, I.3, Ville de Québec: Éditeur officiel du Québec,  
  6. ^ Elizabeth II 1984, I.2
  7. ^ Ministère du Conseil exécutif. "Qu'est-ce que l'Ordre national? > Le Conseil de l'Ordre national du Québec" (in French). Retrieved 15 August 2009.  
  8. ^ Elizabeth II 1984, II 10-II.12
  9. ^ Elizabeth II 1984, I.7
  10. ^ Ministère du Conseil exécutif. "Qu'est-ce que l'Ordre national? > Appel public de candidatures" (in French). Éditeur officiel du Québec. Retrieved 15 August 2009.  
  11. ^ Elizabeth II 1984, I.4
  12. ^ Elizabeth II 1984, I.6
  13. ^ Ministère du Conseil exécutif. "Qu'est-ce que l'Ordre national? > Les insignes de l'Ordre national du Québec" (in French). Éditeur officiel du Québec. Retrieved 15 August 2009.  
  14. ^ Elizabeth II (1985) (in French), Règlement sur les insignes de l'Ordre national du Québec, I.2, Ville de Québec: Éditeur officiel du Québec,  
  15. ^ a b Elizabeth II 1985, I.3-I.14
  16. ^ Elizabeth II 1985, III.19-III.20
  17. ^ Elizabeth II 1984, III.23
  18. ^ Elizabeth II 1984, III.24

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