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National Police Corps
Cuerpo Nacional de Policía
Common name Policía Nacional
Abbreviation CNP
Escudo CNP.svg
Logo of the National Police Corps.
Motto Ley y Orden
Law and Order
Agency overview
Formed 1986
Preceding agencies
  • Cuerpo Superior de Policía
  • Policía Nacional
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Spain
Population 46,661,950
Governing body Ministry of the Interior (Spain)
Constituting instrument Ley Orgánica 2/1986
General nature
Operational structure
Overviewed by Dirección General de la Policía y de la Guardia Civil
Headquarters Madrid, Spain
Elected officer responsible Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, Minister of the Interior
Agency executive Francisco Javier Velázquez López, Director General
Patrol car
A police Eurocopter.

The Cuerpo Nacional de Policía (English: National Police Corps) is the national civilian police force of Spain. The CNP is mainly responsible for policing urban areas, whilst countryside policing is generally the responsibility of the Guardia Civil, the Spanish gendarmerie. The CNP is under the authority of Spain's Ministry of the Interior. They mostly handle criminal, judicial, terrorism and immigration matters. However, the CNP has limited competency in the Basque Country and Catalonia, where the autonomous Ertzaintza and Mossos d'Esquadra handle most matters except the most important ones like terrorism and organized crime.



Duties are regulated by the "Organic Law 2/1986‎".

  1. The issuing of identity documents - ID cards and passports.
  2. To control receipts and outgoings of the foreign people and Spaniards.
  3. Immigration law, refuge and asylum, extradition and expulsion.
  4. Gaming enforcement
  5. Drug enforcement
  6. Collaborattion with Interpol and Europol.
  7. Control of private security companies
  8. General law enforcement


Superior Scale

Executive Scale

Deputy Inspector Scale

  • Subinspector - Deputy Inspector/Subinspector

Basic Scale

Access and training


  • Born or naturalized Spanish
  • Between 18 and 30 years old
  • At least 1.65 meters tall (for men), and 1.60 metres for women
  • Not to have been convicted of fraud or dismissed by the state, autonomous or local governments, or prevented from holding public functions.
  • Hold a driving licence of the class specified by the government.

Basic Scale:

  • Have or to be in conditions to obtain the Certificate in Secondary Education or equivalent level. (Baccalaureate will be necessary in some years).

Executive Scale:

  • Have a Technical Engineer, Technical Architect, Qualified University student or equivalent or top formation degree.

Competitive examination

The applicant can choose between a Basic Scale career or an Executive Scale career. Applicants must pass the following basic tests before starting the academy:

  • Physical test
  • Multiple-choice exam
  • Aptitude test
  • Volunteer language test (English or French)
  • Medical examination
  • Interview

Training Academy

If the applicant has been chosen, they will receive professional training in Ávila's Police Academy for six months. Whilst trainees reside at the Academy, they learn about Spanish law, receive firearms and self-defense training, conduct practical application exercises, learn the basics of the English language and under go training in crime investigation. After that, the applicant will have the "aula práctica", that mixes theoretical knowledge with practical situations for three months. Finally, the pupil will receive a policing practice, in which there will be various common situations that will form him as an agent.

Special units

VAMTAC of the Spanish National Police.

There are numerous special units:

  • GEO (Grupo Especial de Operaciones) - Special operations tactical unit, equivalent to GSG-9 or FBI HRT.
  • GOES (Grupos Operativos Especiales de Seguridad) - Equivalent to SWAT units.
  • SCDE-NRBQ (Servicio Central de Desactivación de Explosivos y Nuclear, Radiológico, Bacteriológico y Químico) - Explosive artifacts defuser and NBC specialised team.
  • UIP (Unidad de Intervención Policial) - Anti-riot unit.
  • UDYCO (Unidad de Drogas Y Crimen Organizado) - Drugs and organised crime investigation squad.
  • UDEV (Unidad de Delincuencia Especializada y Violenta) - Investigation and pursuit several kinds of crimes related to artistic and cultural heritage, families.
  • BIT (Brigada de Investigación Tecnológica) - Computing crimes investigation.
  • UCDEF (Unidad Central de Delincuencia Económica y Fiscal) - Monetary crimes.
  • Guías Caninos. Mixes human-dog unit. Drug, explosives and people detection.


An earlier uniform was brown, leading to the nickname la madera/los maderos ("the wood"/"the logs"). They are also called la pasma. Among supporters of the violent Basque terrorist organization ETA, Policía Nacional is loathed as txakurrak (Euskara for "the dogs").

External links

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