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National Police Agency
Abbreviation NPA
Agency overview
Formed 1954
Employees 7,500 (2006)
Annual budget 258,344M¥ (FY 2005/6)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Japan
General nature
Operational structure
Civilians 4,900
Parent agency National Public Safety Commission
Child agencies
Regional Bureaus
Website (English) (Japanese)
 See the reference[1] below for the source of the above data.
NPA building

The National Police Agency (警察庁 Keisatsu-chō ?) is an agency administered by the National Public Safety Commission of the Cabinet Office in the cabinet of Japan, and is the central coordinating agency of the Japanese police system.

Unlike comparable bodies like the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, the NPA does not have any police officers of its own. Instead, its role is to determine general standards and policies, although in national emergencies or large-scale disasters the agency is authorized to take command of prefectural police forces. Policy for the NPA in turn is set by the National Public Safety Commission.



Commissioner-General of the National Police Agency, the highest ranking police officer (警察庁長官 Keisatsu-chō Chōkan)

    • Deputy Commissioner-General (次長 Jichō)
    • Commissioner-General's Secretariat (長官官房 Chōkan Kanbō)
  • Community Safety Bureau (生活安全局 Seikatsu Anzen-kyoku)
  • Criminal Investigation Bureau (刑事局 Keiji-kyoku)
    • Organized Crime Department (組織犯罪対策部 Soshiki Hanzai Taisaku-bu)
    • Safety Department
  • Traffic Bureau (交通局 Kōtsū-kyoku)
  • Security Bureau (警備局 Keibi-kyoku)
    • Foreign Affairs and Intelligence Department (外事情報部 Gaiji Jōhō-bu)
  • Info-Communications Bureau (情報通信局 Jōhō Tsūshin-kyoku)
  • National Police Academy (警察大学校 Keisatsu Dai-gakkō)
  • National Research Institute of Police Science (科学 警察 研究所 Kagaku Keisatsu Kenkyū-sho)
  • Imperial Guard Headquarters (皇宮警察本部 Kōgū-Keisatsu Honbu)
  • Regional Bureaus
    • Tohoku Regional Police Bureau (東北管区警察局 Tōhoku Kanku Keisatsu-kyoku)
    • Kanto Regional Police Bureau (関東管区警察局 Kantō Kanku Keisatsu-kyoku)
    • Chubu Regional Police Bureau (中部管区警察局 Chūbu Kanku Keisatsu-kyoku)
    • Kinki Regional Police Bureau (近畿管区警察局 Kinki Kanku Keisatsu-kyoku)
    • Chugoku Regional Police Bureau (中国管区警察局 Chūgoku Kanku Keisatsu-kyoku)
    • Shikoku Regional Police Bureau (四国管区警察局 Shikoku Kanku Keisatsu-kyoku)
    • Kyushu Regional Police Bureau (九州管区警察局 Kyūshu Kanku Keisatsu-kyoku)
  • Communications Departments
    • Tokyo Metropolitan Police Info-Communications Department (東京都警察情報通信部 Tōkyō-to Keisatsu Jōhō Tsūshin-bu)
    • Hokkaido Police Info-Communications Department (北海道警察通信情報部 Hokkaidō Keisatsu Tsūshin Jōhō-bu)

Bodies supervised by the NPA

National Police Agency Imperial Guard

Modern Imperial Guard car

In 1947 Imperial Police Headquarters (皇宮警察本部 Kōgū-Keisatsu Honbu ?) came under the control of the Home Ministry from the Imperial Household Ministry. It came under the aegis of the National Police Agency of Japan in 1957. At present, it consists of over 900 security police personnel who provide personal security for the Emperor, Crown Prince and other members of the Imperial Family of Japan, as well as protection of imperial properties, including the Tokyo Imperial Palace, Kyoto Imperial Palace, Katsura Imperial Villa, Shugakuin Imperial Villa (both in Kyoto), Shosoin Imperial Repository in Nara and the imperial villas as Hayama, Kanagawa and Nasu, Tochigi. [2] The Imperial Guard also maintains a 14 horse mounted police unit for use by guards of honour at state ceremonies.

The modern Imperial Guards wear a dark blue or a blue-grey police uniform of when on duty. They also wear white pistol belts, lanyards, helmets, boot laces or leggings. The gloves are white.

In addition to their security duties, the Imperial Guard is also responsible for fire-fighting within the grounds of the Palace, and maintains fire engines and trained staff of this purpose.

See also


  1. ^ "Police of Japan". National Police Agency. Retrieved 2008-08-06.  
  2. ^ [1] Imperial Guard Home page

External links



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