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National Security Advisor (United States): Wikis

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The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor (abbreviated NSA, or sometimes APNSA or ANSA to avoid confusion with the abbreviation of the National Security Agency), serves as the chief adviser to the President of the United States on national security issues. This person serves on the National Security Council within the Executive Office of the President. The National Security Advisor's office is located in the West Wing of the White House. He or she is supported by a staff that produces research, briefings, and intelligence for the NSA to review and present to the National Security Council and the President of the United States.

The National Security Advisor is appointed by the President without confirmation by the United States Senate. As such, they are not connected to the bureaucracies of the Departments of State and Defense, and are therefore able to offer independent advice. The power and role of the National Security Advisor varies from administration to administration.

In times of crisis, the National Security Advisor operates from the White House Situation Room, updating the President on the latest events of a crisis.

The current office holder is retired Marine Corps General James L. Jones, who assumed the duties of the post when Barack Obama was sworn into office on January 20, 2009 as President of the United States.

List of National Security Advisors and the Presidents under whom they served:

# Name Term of Office[1] President(s) served under
Start End
1 Robert Cutler March 23, 1953 April 2, 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower
2 Dillon Anderson April 2, 1955 September 1, 1956 Dwight D. Eisenhower
3 William H. Jackson September 1, 1956 January 7, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
4 Robert Cutler January 7, 1957 June 24, 1958 Dwight D. Eisenhower
5 Gordon Gray June 24, 1958 January 13, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
6 McGeorge Bundy January 20, 1961 February 28, 1966 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
7 Walt W. Rostow April 1, 1966 January 20, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
8 Henry Kissinger January 20, 1969 November 3, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
9 Lt Gen Brent Scowcroft November 3, 1975 January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
10 Zbigniew Brzezinski January 20, 1977 January 21, 1981 Jimmy Carter
11 Richard V. Allen January 21, 1981 January 4, 1982 Ronald Reagan
12 William P. Clark January 4, 1982 October 17, 1983 Ronald Reagan
13 LtCol Robert C. McFarlane October 17, 1983 December 4, 1985 Ronald Reagan
14 VADM John M. Poindexter December 4, 1985 November 25, 1986 Ronald Reagan
15 Frank C. Carlucci December 2, 1986 November 23, 1987 Ronald Reagan
16 LTG Colin L. Powell November 23, 1987 January 20, 1989 Ronald Reagan
17 Lt Gen Brent Scowcroft January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
18 W. Anthony Lake January 20, 1993 March 14, 1997 Bill Clinton
19 Samuel R. Berger March 14, 1997 January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
20 Condoleezza Rice January 22, 2001 January 25, 2005 George W. Bush
21 Stephen Hadley January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009 George W. Bush
22 Gen James L. Jones January 20, 2009 Incumbent Barack Obama

References

  1. ^ "History of the National Security Council, 1947-1997". National Security Council. White House. August 1997. Archived from the original on 2008-03-06. http://web.archive.org/web/20080306081817/http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/history.html. Retrieved 2008-09-05.  
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