National Taiwan University: Wikis

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National Taiwan University
國立臺灣大學
National Taiwan University
Motto 敦品勵學˙愛國愛人 (Chinese)
Motto in English Integrity, Diligence, Patriotism and Philanthropy
Established Founded 1928[1]
Reorganized 1945
Type Public (National)
President Lee, Si-chen (李嗣涔)
Faculty 1,793 (full time),
1,188 (joint and adjunct)
Undergraduates 17,706
Postgraduates 15,710
Location Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
Campus Urban,
1.6 km² (Greater Taipei combined),
344 km² (Nantou County combined)
Affiliations ASAIHL
Website (NTU Home)
This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.
National Taiwan University
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

National Taiwan University[2] (NTU; 國立臺灣大學) is a national co-educational university located in Taipei City, Taiwan. In Taiwan, it is colloquially known as "Taida" (台大). Its main campus is set upon 1,086,167 square meters in Taipei's Da'an District. In addition, the university has 6 other campuses in Taiwan, occupying a total of 345,830,000 square meters.[3] Currently the University consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 96 graduate institutes and 4 research centers[4] and offers diplomas in over 100 fields of study.

NTU is the top-ranking university in Taiwan and placed among best 95 universities in the world by several well-reputed rankings (HEEACT[5], Times Higher Education 2009, Global University Ranking 2009[6], Webometrics Ranking of World Universities[7]).

NTU was founded in 1928 by the Japanese during the Japanese colonial era and was then known as the Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University. After World War II and Taiwan's retrocession to Chinese sovereignty, the Republic of China government resumed the administration of Taihoku University and reorganized and renamed it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.[8]

NTU has strong ties with the Academia Sinica. NTU admits students based solely on merit, disregarding other factors such as race, religion, or gender. The female-to-male ratio in the undergraduate population is about 0.9:1.

Many influential individuals in Taiwanese society received their education at NTU, including government officials in both pan-blue and pan-green camps. The university also produced one Nobel prize laureate, Lee Yuan-tseh (Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1986),[9] the first Taiwanese to receive the prize.

Contents

History

National Taiwan University has its origins in the Taihoku Imperial University (台北帝國大學, Taihoku Teikoku Daigaku) founded by Taiwan's Japanese colonial government in 1928 as a member of the imperial university system administered by the Empire of Japan.[8]

The school's first president was Hiroshi Shidehara.[8] The Taihoku Imperial University began with a College of Liberal Arts and Law and a College of Science and Agriculture serving 60 students. The university was intended mainly for Japanese nationals; few Taiwanese students were admitted. The College of Medicine and the College of Engineering were added in 1936 and 1943, respectively. After World War II the incoming Republic of China government reorganized the school as an institution for Chinese-speaking students. The school was renamed the National Taiwan University on 15 November 1945 and Lo Tsung-lo was appointed as its president.[8]

Today, the National Taiwan University serves nearly 30,000 students through 11 colleges, 54 departments, and 96 graduate institutes (which offer 96 master's programs and 83 doctoral programs).[4] A new library, built in 1998, now contains over 3 million volumes. In 2010, the university is scheduled to merge with the National Taipei University of Education, the city's oldest institution of higher learning.

University emblem

The emblem with the figure of the plum blossom, the blue-and-white background and the thunder-and-cloud line pattern combine the spiritual ideals of the nation and its cultural traditions, as well as those of all members of the university community.[10]

  • The University Motto: "Integrity, Diligence, Patriotism and Philanthropy," the cornerstone of NTU philosophy and personal comportment;
  • The Fu Bell: A reminder of discipline and enlightenment; and
  • The University Tree: The royal palm as a symbol of growth and nurture, broad vision and steadfast willpower.[10]

Academics

NTU offers the bachelor's degree, master's degree, and doctorate degree in many disciplines. Students are given the flexibility to select courses offered by any colleges; however, compulsory subjects designated for each major needs to be completed to be awarded a degree. A student must declare a major during college application, some majors are more competitive than others and require a higher national examination score. Traditionally, medicine, electrical engineering, and law are the three most selective majors. Most majors take four years to complete while the medical degree takes seven years to finish.

NTU requires most of its undergraduate students to take a mandatory core curriculum, comprising Chinese, freshman English, physical education, and public service. The medical school in addition dictates each of its students to take philosophy and sociology classes as well as seminars in ethics and thanatology. Military training is no longer an obligatory course for males, but it is a prerequisite if the student plans to be an officer during his mandatory military service.

Organization

The original building housing the National Taiwan University Hospital in Taipei. The Shin Kong Life Tower appears in the background.

The president heads the university. Each college is headed by a dean, and each department by a chairman. Students elect their own representatives each year to attend administrative meetings.

The colleges in NTU are:

  • College of Liberal Arts
  • College of Science
  • College of Social Science
  • College of Medicine
  • College of Engineering
  • College of Bio-resource and Agriculture
  • College of Management
  • College of Public Health
  • College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
  • College of Law
  • College of Life Science
  • School of Veterinary Medicine
  • School of Dentistry

The International Chinese Language Program (ICLP), founded by Stanford University, is located at National Taiwan University.

GMBA (Global MBA)

The GMBA program is made up nearly half international and half local students. The classes are conducted all in English. The students work on real life consulting practices partnering with top business schools such as Wharton Business School. The core classes include marketing management, organizational behavior, finance management, managerial economics, information management and managerial accounting. The teachers come from a diverse background with international accreditation.

Campus

An avenue of royal palms leads to the library on the National Taiwan University main campus

The University has six campuses in the greater Taipei region (including Taipei County) and two additional campuses in Nantou County, amounting to nearly 1% of the total area of the Taiwan island. The University governs farms, forests, and hospitals for educational and research purposes. The main campus (interactive map) is situated in Taipei's Daan district near Gongguan, where most college department buildings and all the administrative buildings are located. Notable exceptions are the College of Law, the College of Social Science, and the College of Medicine, which are located near the Presidential Building.

The six campuses are:

  • Main Campus (No.1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • College of Law, Social Sciences and Public Health (No.21, Hsu-chou Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • College of Medicine (No. 1, Sec.1, Jen-ai Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • University Hospital (No. 7, Chung-shan South Road, Taipei, Taiwan)
  • University Farm (No.7, Jiu-kuang Road, Hsin-tien, Taipei County, Taiwan)
  • Wenshan Botanical Garden (No.4, Lei-kung Po, Geh-tou Tsun, Shih-ting, Taipei County, Taiwan)

Research Stations

The three research stations are:

  • Highland Farm (No.136, Jen-heh Road, Ta-tung Tsun, Jen-ai, Nan-tou County, Taiwan
  • Experimental Forest
  • Department of Forestry (No. 12, Sec.1, Chien-shan Road, Shiang-shan, Nan-tou County, Taiwan)

University Presidents

Presidents of Taihoku Imperial University:

  • Hiroshi Shidehara (幣原坦): March 1928-September 1937
  • Sadanori Mita (三田定則): September 1937-April 1941
  • Masatsugu Ando (安藤正次): April 1941-March 1945
  • Kazuo Ando (安藤一雄): March 1945-August 1945

Presidents of National Taiwan University:

  • Lo Tsung-lo (羅宗洛): August 1945-July 1946
  • Lu Chih-houng (陸志鴻): August 1946-May 1948
  • Chuang Chang-kung (莊長恭): June 1948-December 1948
  • Fu Szu-nien (傅斯年): January 1949-December 1950
  • Shen Kang-po (沈剛伯): December 1950-January 1951
  • Chien Szu-liang (錢思亮): January 1951-May 1970
  • Yen Cheng-hsing (閻振興): June 1970-July 1981
  • Yu Chao-Chung (虞兆中): August 1981-July 1984
  • Sun Chen (孫震): August 1984-February 1993
  • Kou Guang-hsiung (郭光雄): March 1993-July 1993
  • Chen Wei-Jao (陳維昭): August 1993-June 2005
  • Lee Si-Chen (李嗣涔): August 2005-

Alumni

NTU alumni are influential in the politics of Taiwan as well as in academics.

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Academics

University chancellors

  • Tien, Chang-lin (田長霖): the 8th Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley
  • Henry T. Yang (楊祖佑): the 5th Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Humanities and social sciences

Physical sciences, mathematics, and engineering

Life sciences

Politics

Business

  • Felice Chen: Former Managing Director and Co-Head of Investment Banking for UBS Investment Bank in Taipei
  • Wen Chi Chen (陳文琦): President and CEO of VIA Technologies
  • Robert Chiu: Managing Director, Head of Telecommunications, Media and Technology investment banking at Nomura
  • John Chou (周鴻成): Chief Actuary and Senior Vice President of Liberty National Life Insurance Co., the founding division of Torchmark Corporation
  • Koo Chen-fu (辜振甫): Former Chairman of the Koos Group of companies
  • T.J. Huang (黃宗仁): Founder and Managing Partner of AsiaVest Partners, one of the leading venture capital firms in the Far East
  • Steven Hung: Chairman of Waterland Financial Holding Co., Ltd.
  • Min H. Kao (高民環): Co-founder of Garmin Corporation, the GPS manufacturer
  • Barry Lam: (林百里): Founder and Chairman of Quanta Computer, the leading laptop producer worldwide
  • Fred Pai: Chairman of Central Insurance Co. and brother of Wayne Pai, founder and former chairman of Polaris Financial Group
  • John Shen: Executive of Globalization Services, IBM China Development Laboratory
  • Rick Tsai (蔡力行): President and CEO of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company

Entertainment

  • Alec Su (蘇有朋): actor and singer; majored in mechanical engineering (did not graduate)
  • Wakin Chau (周華健): singer; majored in mathematics

Notes

  1. ^ as Taihoku Imperial University
  2. ^ The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order. By English grammar rules, it is Taiwan National University.
  3. ^ National Taiwan University_Campus Location & Area
  4. ^ a b "National Taiwan University, (2007) " About NTU
  5. ^ "Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan, (2007) " 2007 Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities
  6. ^ http://www.globaluniversitiesranking.org/images/banners/top-100(eng).pdf
  7. ^ http://www.webometrics.info/top100_continent.asp?cont=asia
  8. ^ a b c d "National Taiwan University, (2007) " NTU history
  9. ^ Lee Yuan-tseh, Nobel biography
  10. ^ a b NTU emblem

See also

External links


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