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Coordinates: 50°27′52″N 30°31′11″E / 50.464443°N 30.519816°E / 50.464443; 30.519816

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
Національний університет "Києво-Могилянська Академія"
Logo of the NaUKMA
Latin: Academia Kiioviensis Mohileana
Established 1615 as Kyiv Brotherhood School
1632 as Kyiv-Mohyla Collegium
1658 as Kyiv-Mohyla Academy
1819 as Kyiv Theological Academy
1991 as National University of "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy"[1]
Type Public
President Prof. S.M. Kvit
Faculty 180[2]
Students ca. 3000[3]
Location Kyiv, Ukraine
Campus Urban, 20 acres (8 ha)
Former names Kyiv Brotherhood School (1615-1632)
Kyiv-Mohyla Collegium (1632-1658)
Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (1658-1819)
Kyiv Theological Academy (1819-1918)
National University of "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy" (from 1991)
Colors Blue and White          
Affiliations EUA
Website www.ukma.kiev.ua

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (NaUKMA) (Ukrainian: Національний університет «Києво-Могилянська академія» (НаУКМА), Natsional'nyi universytet "Kyyevo-Mohylians'ka akademiya") is a public, coeducational research university located in Kyiv, Ukraine. The Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, the school's predecessor, was established in 1632 making NaUKMA the oldest institute of tertiary education in Ukraine. The university is located on the Academy's grounds in the ancient Podil neighborhood. In 1991, it was re-organized, and teaching began the following year. NaUKMA has the highest level of accreditation as outlined by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine,[4] and is one of the six educational institutions in Ukraine having a status of a research and autonomous university. NaUKMA takes part in numerous international university collaborations, such as the European University Association.[5][6][7] The university is bilingual in English and Ukrainian.[8]

With around 3000 students, NaUKMA is one of the smallest universities in Ukraine. Its multiple-choice entrance examinations make university admission a highly competitive process. Alumni of the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy played a formative role in the intellectual and church life of Ukraine and Russia in 17th and 18th centuries.[9][10] Among the most notable alumni were hetman Ivan Mazepa, philosopher Hryhori Skovoroda and polymath Mikhail Lomonosov.

Contents

History

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Kyiv-Mohyla Academy

Petro Mohyla, the benefactor of Kiev Collegium.

The predecessor of NaUKMA, the Kiev-Mohyla Academy, was one of the oldest academic and theological schools among Orthodox Christian East European countries. The Academy was first opened in 1615 as Kiev Brotherhood School.[11] In 1632 the Kiev Brotherhood and Lavra schools merged into the Kiev-Mohyla Collegium (Latin: Collegium Kijovense Mohileanum). The Collegium was named Mohyla after Petro Mohyla, the proponent of Western educational standards at the institution. In 1658 under the terms of the Treaty of Hadiach the Collegium obtained the status of an Academy, similar to Cracow Academy. This was recognized in 1694 by the Russian tsar Ivan V, then reaffirmed by Peter I in 1701.[12]

The Academy educated the Ukrainian political and intellectual elite in the 17th and 18th centuries, and it was highly acclaimed throughout Eastern Europe with students coming from Poland, Russia, Belarus, Moldavia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece. The admissions were open to all social classes. Due to the exceptional quality of the language program, its students often continued their education abroad, which required many to convert from Orthodox Christian to Roman Catholicism. However, upon their return, they returned to their Orthodox roots in order to attain positions in the clergy or academia. In this way, the Academy played an important role in transmitting Renaissance ideas from Western Europe to Ukraine and Russia.[9][10] The Kyiv Academy also supported a number of other colleges built on its model, like Vasilian College in Moldavia.

Hetmans of the Zaporozhian Cossacks, military leaders second only to the monarch, actively supported the Kiev-Mohyla Academy.[13] The school flourished under the term of Hetman Ivan Mazepa, an alumnus.

Kiev Theological Academy

Seal of the old Kiev Mohyla Academy.

Kiev Mohyla Academy was closed in 1817 by Alexander I of Russia. In response, alumni of the Academy made numerous unsuccessful petitions to the Tsar to turn Kyiv Mohyla Academy into a university. Instead, in 1819 Kiev Theological Academy, a purely clerical institution, was opened. In contrast to its predecessor, admissions became open only to children of the existing clergy. The key positions were held mostly by the alumni of the Saint Petersburg Seminary.[14]

During the Soviet Union era, Kiev Theological Academy was closed, its library plundered, and the main church of the school, the Bohoyavlensky cathedral was destroyed. In its place, a military school was developed and today a university building still bears a mosaic portraying a military ship with the words of Vladimir Lenin as a remembrance of the school's totalitarian past.[15]

Reestablishment as a modern university

Mosaic on NaUKMA building portraying Soviet state symbols and aphorisms by Vladimir Lenin: "To study, to study, to study..." and "Party - the mind, the honor and consciousness of our epoch". This mosaic replaced the image of an open Bible present at the Kiev Theological Academy.

In 1991, following the fall of the USSR, Kiev-Mohyla Academy was reestablished with the assistance of Vyacheslav Bryukhovetskiy, who became the first president of NaUKMA.[1] The returned institution was modeled on the North American post-secondary system and Bachelor's and Master's degrees were offered according to a credits system. On August 24 1992, which is also the independence day of Ukraine, the first students matriculated. NaUKMA saw its first six graduates in 1995.[16] In order to establish continuity between the two century-long break and today, a Research Center "Legacy of Kiev Mohyla Academy" was founded.[17] NaUKMA also initiated the revival of another historical Ukrainian educational institution the Ostroh Academy.[18] NaUKMA is notable for being the first university where students and professors openly protested against massive electoral fraud during the Ukrainian presidential election, 2004.[19] After those events a museum dedicated to the Orange Revolution was opened at NaUKMA.

Claims on continuity of Kiev-Mohyla Academy traditions

Except NaUKMA, there are two modern theological schools, which also claim the continuity of the old Kyiv-Mohyla Academy academic tradition. These are Kyiv Theological Academy and Seminary of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) and Kyiv Orthodox Theological Academy of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kiev Patriarchate).[20][21]

Academics

Faculties of NaUKMA

  • Faculty of Computer Sciences
  • Faculty of Economics
  • Faculty of Humanities
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Natural Sciences
  • Faculty of Social Sciences and Social Technologies
  • University Department of English Language
  • University Department of Physical Training
  • Kyiv Mohyla Business School

Profile

NaUKMA holds the highest accreditation level given by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and is organized similarly to North American post-secondary institutions.[4][22] The academic year runs on a trimester system with the longer fall and spring trimesters and a short summer trimester.[23] Fall and spring terms include an extra week of independent study which is aimed to assist students needing to catch up with their coursework and prepare for exams. During undergraduate study students have an academic major and can choose either a minor or electives.[24] Each course is assigned a number of credits based on credit hours and grading is done on a 100 point scale.[22]

NaUKMA Bachelor's degree holders can continue their studies in any of the Masters programs at the university.[25] Graduate academic programs leading to a Master of Business Administration, Candidate of Science (PhD) and Doctor of Science are also offered at NaUKMA.[26][27][28] The university was first in Ukraine to join the reforms of the doctoral education within the Bologna process.[29][30]

NaUKMA is a bilingual institution with Ukrainian and English being the languages of instruction, although the primary language is Ukrainian.[8] The university offers business courses in English to the general public, in partnership with Grant MacEwan College of Edmonton, Canada.[31] NaUKMA organizes an annual summer school in Ukrainian studies for international students and an English-language term program for international students entitled "Transitional studies: Ukraine and post-soviet space".[32] Recently a Master program "German and European studies" is offered in collaboration with the University of Jena. The program is offered in German.[33]

Similarly to other public universities in Ukraine, students receive modest monthly scholarship payments from the government. The amount varies according to the student's grades in the previous trimester. Additionally, a number of private scholarships are given to the best students on a merit system.[34] Further, students are rewarded scholarship monies for their social activities, thus awards are given to those who make the greatest contribution to the revival of NaUKMA or to those who excel in the promotion of Ukrainian language and culture.

NaUKMA is a state university and governed by the Supervising Board appointed by the Government of Ukraine. The highest university official is the President of NaUKMA, who is Prof. Serhiy M. Kvit.[35] Education and research at the university are coordinated by the Scientific Board. Several public bodies consult the management of the university. These include the International Consulting Board, Board of Trustees, Student Council and Arts Board.[36]

Admissions

Main entrance to the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy

Admission to NaUKMA is open to both Ukrainian and international applicants.[37][38] Admission is granted based on entrance examination scores. Entrance exams are administered as multiple choice tests covering several subjects including Ukrainian, English, law, mathematics, history of the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, humanities (literature or history) and one of the natural sciences with the tests being machine scored. The admissions procedure was introduced in order to stem alleged corruption in the admission process. Admission tests are considered challenging and cover a broader range of subjects than the typical entrance examinations held at the majority of other universities in Ukraine.[39] Testing the knowledge of history of the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy is exceptional among Ukrainian universities. It was introduced because of the role of the university in Ukrainian history. The university also has a Department of Preuniversity Training, which organizes test preparation courses for prospective students as well as trial testing sessions.[40][41]

Reputation

Vyacheslav Bryukhovetskyi, who initiated the revival of the Kiev-Mohyla Academy was awarded the title Hero of Ukraine for this.

In 2009 Delovoy magazine ranked NaUKMA as the second best university in Ukraine, being nationally the strongest in humanities, third best in economics and second best in law.[42] According to the independent ranking of 228 universities in Ukraine performed by Compas, NaUKMA was ranked second best in Ukraine regarding the adequacy of alumni to the labor market of Ukraine.[43] In 2007, both the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the Dzerkalo Tyzhnia, a weekly national newspaper ranked NaUKMA in third place among the Ukrainian universities.[44][45][46] Likewise, the university's business school has the best reputation in the country. The Delovoy magazine ranked the Kyiv Mohyla Business School as the best business school in Ukraine in 2007.[47] NaUKMA was ranked as number four in the ranking "Top-200 Ukraine" conducted by UNESCO in 2007.[48]

NaUKMA often hosts visits of foreign and national politicians. Among the latest visitors were Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, Alejandro Toledo, David Kilgour and Jean Chrétien.[49][50][51][52]

Institutions associated with NaUKMA

Following its reestablishment, NaUKMA has been active in the revival and founding of institutions sharing a common vision of educational standards. Thus, NaUKMA assisted with the development of the National University of Ostroh Academy, the T. Shevchenko Kremenets Pedagogical Institute, and the Petro Mohyla Mykolayiv State University until they became separate universities.[53] However, these schools still share a common admissions system with NaUKMA. Moreover, NaUKMA is an umbrella institution for a network of high schools throughout Ukraine called the collegiums.[54] The curricula of collegiums aim to prepare the students for the NaUKMA entrance exams.

The university publishing house "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy", which specializes in publishing scientific and educational literature in Ukrainian, is situated on the NaUKMA campus.[55]

Research

Science at NaUKMA is organized into six faculties, 29 departments and 24 research centers.[56] An annual scientific conference Dni nauky NaUKMA (The Days of Science at NaUKMA) takes place in the last week of January.[57] The main focus of research at the NaUKMA is in the fields of economics, law and humanities.[58] Many faculty members hold permanent positions at the research institutes of the National Academy of Science of Ukraine and NaUKMA students are allowed to use its facilities for scientific and educational purposes.

Libraries

The Mazepa building houses the NaUKMA research library.

The library of the old Kiev Mohyla Academy contained a notable collection of books. However, the archive was plundered in 1920s when the academy was closed.[59] The university administration focuses on creating a research library equipped to modern standards. In addition to the central undergraduate library there are a number of departmental libraries as well as reading halls for research and periodicals.[60] Further, several international cultural organizations such as the Goethe-Institut, British Council and American library are located on campus and are open to the public.[61][62][63] Lastly, all NaUKMA students can also use the Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine.

Campus

The Halshka Hulevychivna house belonging to the university is the oldest civil building in Kiev.

The university occupies the grounds of the Kiev-Mohyla Academy in the Podil neighborhood, from Kontraktova Square to the Dnieper River.[64] The campus of NaUKMA is composed of a number of buildings constructed in the times of its predecessor institutions. The oldest buildings date from the 17th century, and include the Halshka Hulevychivna house and the old academic building also called the Mazepa building in honor of its financier Hetman Ivan Mazepa. The Mazepa building contains the congregation hall for ceremonial events, the Center for Contemporary Art and the research library.[65]

In the same neighborhood is the historical museum complex of the Kiev-Mohyla Academy, although the building is undergoing renovation. The complex contains a sundial and the house of Halshka Hulevychivna, which was the first building of the Kiev Brotherhood School. Another historical building called the bursa faces the Dnieper River and was used as a student dormitory during the time of the Kiev-Mohyla Academy. The Blahovishchenska (Annunciation) Сhurch built in 1740 for students is also on the NaUKMA campus.[66] Most other buildings were constructed during the time of Kiev Theological Academy with some additions made during the Soviet era. The dormitories are situated outside the main campus.

An environmentally friendly office called the Green Office was recently opened at the Department of Environmental Studies at NaUKMA and uses modern energy saving and environmentally friendly technologies. The project was largely the initiative of students and is the first example of an office based on sustainable development in a Ukrainian educational institution.[67][68]

University traditions

The university turtle named Alma is passed around the new students and graduates who make wishes while touching her shell.

Following reestablishment, the NaKUMA academic community has attempted to restore the traditions of its predecessor.[17] However, during NaKUMA's reincarnation, several new traditions have been founded. Every year on October 15 the school celebrates Academy day and NaUKMA students wash the monument of the noted Kiev Mohyla alumnus philosopher Hryhorii Skovoroda.[69] This action is called clean Skovoroda. The monument of Skovoroda in front of the university is also decorated with a mortarboard during the annual graduation ceremony held on June 28. Another tradition during the ceremony is to carry the university turtle named Alma around the new graduates who make wishes while touching her shell. A student tradition connecting the old Kyiv-Mohyla Academy and NaUKMA is theatrical performances called verteps. Verteps possibly were introduced by the students of the old Academy. They are performed during different festive events. Lastly, it is a tradition to open each academic year with a welcome event for the new students, followed by a lecture by a renowned scientist, who is given an honorary professorship at the University.[70] The ceremony of new NaUKMA student initiation includes taking a traditional student oath. During the first term at NaUKMA, students of all faculties introduce themselves to the academic community during the acquaintance ball.[71]

Student life

Despite the relatively small number of NaUKMA students (about 3000 in 2006) there are a number of extracurricular activities on campus. NaUKMA students are also known for their activism, which is also supported by the university administration.[19] Notable among the student organizations on campus are: the Student Council, the Christian Students Union, Mohyla Intellectual Club, the Student Brotherhood, the ecological club Zelena Hvylya, and the Youth Center for Humanities.[72][73][74] The NaUKMA student portal Bo.Net.Ua is an online platform for student and alumni communication.[75]

Sports courses are compulsory for NaUKMA students in their two years of study. These courses include elements of calisthenics, sport (soccer, basketball, volleyball and swimming) and fitness exercises. Additionally, there are a number of student sport groups ranging from Combat Hopak to Go.[76]

Arts and music at NaUKMA are represented by the Center of Culture and Art and the Center for Contemporary Art.[77]

Kiev-Mohyla Academy in literature and popular culture

Mazepa building of Kiev-Mohyla Academy on 500 hryven' banknote.

Kiev-Mohyla Academy is mentioned in a number of novels. The main characters of Nikolai Gogol's novel Taras Bulba Ostap and Andriy Bulba were alumni of the old Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.[78] Kiev-Mohyla Collegium is mentioned in several novels by Pavlo Zahrebelnyi including Southern Comfort and I, Bohdan.[79][80] Kiev Theological Academy is mentioned in Nikolai Leskov's Pecherskie antiki.[81]

To note the importance of the university in Ukraine's history, a postage stamp dedicated to Kiev-Mohyla Academy and its revival was issued in 1992.[82] Moreover, a building of Kiev-Mohyla Academy is portrayed on the 500 hryven' banknote.

Notable alumni and faculty members

Ivan Mazepa - hetman of Ukraine.

Alumni of the old Kiev Mohyla Academy have played an important role in Ukrainian professional life. Many hetmans of Zaporozhian Cossacks, political leaders of the Ukraine in the 17th and 18th centuries, were educated here. These include Ivan Mazepa, Pylyp Orlyk, Pavlo Polubotok, Ivan Skoropadsky and Ivan Samoylovych. The Grand Chancellor of Russia Alexander Bezborodko was of Ukrainian origin and an alumnus. The Kiev Mohyla Academy was a religious school of note in the Orthodox world and archbishops of the Russian Empire such as Stephen Yavorsky and Feofan Prokopovich as well as the metropolitan bishop of Rostov Dimitry of Rostov were all alumni.

Hryhori Skovoroda - philosopher.

More recently, several generations of writers, artists and scholars have been schooled at the Kyiv Mohyla Academy. Examples include writer Simeon of Polotsk, architect Ivan Hryhorovych-Barskyi, and composer Artemy Vedel. Ukrainian philosopher Hryhori Skovoroda was another alumnus of the university. Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian scientist and founder of Moscow University was briefly a student at Kyiv Mohyla Academy.[83]

After 1819, when the university was turned into a purely religious institution, it still upheld its international reputation and has been an alma mater for the Moldavian poet Alexei Mateevici and metropolitan bishop of the Romanian Orthodox Church Visarion Puiu.

Alumni of NaUKMA are employed by national and international companies, research and governmental institutions and many graduates continue their studies abroad.[84][3] Journalist and politician Andriy Shevchenko and the contemporary Ukrainian writer Maryna Sokolyan studied at NaUKMA.[85]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Decree of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine about the revival of Kyiv Mohyla Academy (Ukrainian)". http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/cgi-bin/laws/main.cgi?nreg=1570-12. Retrieved 2007-08-16.  
  2. ^ "Information about NaUKMA from the Ministry of Education and Science (Ukrainian)". http://www.education.gov.ua/pls/edu/educ.institution.show?p_id=202&p_back_link=educ.hei.ukr&p_lang=ukr. Retrieved 2007-11-16.  
  3. ^ a b "NaUKMA student statistics in 2006/2007 (Ukrainian)". http://www.kmfoundation.com/?p=2_2_Publications_in_Ukrainian&lan=ua&alan=ua&id=164&a=students_naukma_work. Retrieved 2007-11-16.  
  4. ^ a b "Information on the higher educational institution or affiliate". http://www.education.gov.ua/pls/edu/educ.institution.show?p_id=202&p_back_link=educ.hei.eng&p_lang=eng. Retrieved 2007-11-25.  
  5. ^ "NaUKMA foreign partners". http://www.dfc.ukma.kiev.ua/index.php?page=11. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  6. ^ "NaUKMA - Partners: Education. Science". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/eng_site/en/proj_part/part/education/index.php. Retrieved 2008-02-17.  
  7. ^ "European University Association". http://www.eua.be/index.php?id=72. Retrieved 2007-09-29.  
  8. ^ a b "Courses taught in English". http://dfc.ukma.kiev.ua/index.php?page=12. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  9. ^ a b A. Kamenskii. The Russian Empire in the Eighteenth Century: Searching for a Place in the World. Published 1997 M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 1563245744
  10. ^ a b Kortschmaryk, Frank B. (1976). The Kievan Academy and Its Role in the Organization of Russia at the Turn of the Seventeenth Century. New York: Shevchenko Scientific Society.  
  11. ^ "Kyiv Epiphany Brotherhood School". http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?AddButton=pages\K\Y\KyivEpiphanyBrotherhoodSchool.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-27.  
  12. ^ Decree of Tsars Ivan and Peter dated 11 January 1694, and decree of Tsar Peter dated 26 September 1701. Pamiatniki izdannye Kievskoi vremennoi kommissiei, 2:488-97. (Russian)
  13. ^ G. Gajecky, The Kiev Mohyla Academy and the Hetmanate in Omeljan Pritsak and Ihor Sevcenko, eds. "The Kiev Mohyla Academy (Commemorating the 350th Anniversary of Its Founding, 1632-1982)." Harvard Ukrainian Studies. vol. VIII, no. 1/2. Cambridge, MA, 1985.
  14. ^ "I. Prelovska, Kiev Academy: History and Modenity (Ukrainian)". http://www.kda.org.ua/statti/istoriya-akademiyi.html. Retrieved 2008-04-05.  
  15. ^ "Ye. Onyshchenko, Voskresinnya akademiyi: Spohady pro vidrodzhennya Kyevo-Mohylyanskoyi akademiyi ta yoho uchasnykiv (Ukrainian)". http://www.library.ukma.kiev.ua/e-lib/O/Onyshcenko_Voskresinna_Academii.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-07.  
  16. ^ "http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/alumni/about/index.php (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/alumni/about/index.php. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  17. ^ a b "Research Center "Legacy of Kiev Mohyla Academy" (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/nauka/struk/spad/index.php. Retrieved 2007-09-22.  
  18. ^ "National University Ostroh Academy". http://www.uosa.uar.net/en/. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  19. ^ a b "Citizens' protest: Position of Mohylyanka (Ukrainian)". http://www.razom.ukma.kiev.ua/. Retrieved 2007-10-08.  
  20. ^ "Kiev Theological Academy and Seminary (Russian)". http://www.kdais.org.ua/. Retrieved 2008-03-05.  
  21. ^ "Kyiv Orthodox Theological Academy (Ukrainian)". http://www.kda.org.ua/. Retrieved 2008-03-05.  
  22. ^ a b "NaUKMA levels and degrees: undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate studies". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/eng_site/en/edu/general/level/index.php. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  
  23. ^ "NaUKMA academic year". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/eng_site/en/edu/general/year/index.php. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  
  24. ^ "NaUKMA academic policy (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/general/system/contsept/index.php. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  25. ^ "Magisterium (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/mag/index.php. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  26. ^ "Kyiv Mohyla Business School". http://www.kmbs.com.ua/en/. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  27. ^ "Aspirantura (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/aspir/index.php. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  28. ^ "Doktorantura (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/doctor/index.php. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  29. ^ "PhD programs at NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/nauka/phd/index.php. Retrieved 2008-10-24.  
  30. ^ "Kyiv Post, 8 October, Iryna Prymachyk, The doctor is in: Kyiv-Mohyla Academy starts Ph.D. program". http://www.kyivpost.com/nation/30213. Retrieved 2008-11-30.  
  31. ^ "The Ukrainian Connection - Grant MacEwan's Partnership with the University of Kiev Mohyla Academy in Kyiv, Ukraine". http://www.macewan.ca/web/artssci/engl_dept/home/DetailsPage.cfm?ID=2600. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  32. ^ "Kyiv-Mohyla Summer School". http://www.summerschool.ukma.kiev.ua/. Retrieved 2009-09-01.  
  33. ^ "Deutschsprachiger Masterstudiengang "Deutschland- und Europastudien" (German)". http://dsg.mohyla.uni-jena.de/. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  
  34. ^ "NaUKMA yearly grants and scholarships (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/students/grants/index.php. Retrieved 2007-10-08.  
  35. ^ "S.M. Kvit, President of NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/general/president/kvit/. Retrieved 2007-12-15.  
  36. ^ "NaUKMA Administration (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/general/activity/index.php. Retrieved 2007-12-15.  
  37. ^ "Undergraduate admissions to NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/vstup/bacalor/index.php. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  38. ^ "Foreign students at NaUKMA". http://www.dfc.ukma.kiev.ua/index.php?page=3. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  39. ^ "Admission tests to NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/news/news_detailed.php?id=768. Retrieved 2007-12-07.  
  40. ^ "NaUKMA Department of Preuniversity Training (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/faculties/ddp/index.php. Retrieved 2008-02-04.  
  41. ^ "NaUKMA Entrance Requirements (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/vstup/studios/index.php#perevir. Retrieved 2008-02-04.  
  42. ^ "Delovoy from 26.03.2009. University ranking 2009 (Russian)". http://www.dengi.ua/clauses/47005.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28.  
  43. ^ "Ranking by Compas (Russian)". http://www.yourcompass.org/ratings/all.php. Retrieved 2008-10-13.  
  44. ^ "200 Best Ukrainian Universities (Ukrainian)". http://www.dt.ua/projects/top200/59129/. Retrieved 2007-08-10.  
  45. ^ "NaUKMA news (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/news/news_detailed.php?id=687. Retrieved 2007-09-28.  
  46. ^ "Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (Ukrainian)". http://www.mon.gov.ua/education/higher. Retrieved 2007-09-28.  
  47. ^ "Kmbs again proves being the best business school in Ukraine". http://www.kmbs.com.ua/en/news/news_section_2/news_rating_2007.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-03.  
  48. ^ "Determination of the University Ranking "Top-200 Ukraine" in 2007 (Ukrainian)". http://www.dt.ua/3000/3300/62846/. Retrieved 2008-04-26.  
  49. ^ "Meeting of Jaap de Hoop Scheffer with NaUKMA students and professors (Ukrainian)". http://www.dfc.ukma.kiev.ua/index.php?page=10&id=237. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  
  50. ^ "Visit of Alejandro Toledo to NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/news/news_detailed.php?id=955. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  
  51. ^ "Public lectures at NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/news/news_detailed.php?id=846. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  
  52. ^ "New honorary doctors of NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/news/news_detailed.php?id=744. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  
  53. ^ "Petro Mohyla Mykolayiv State University (Ukrainian)". http://www.kma.mk.ua/. Retrieved 2008-03-23.  
  54. ^ "NaUKMA Collegiums Network". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/eng_site/en/about/colleg/index.php. Retrieved 2007-11-22.  
  55. ^ "Publishing house "Kyiv-Mohyla Academy" (Ukrainian)". http://www.publish-ukma.kiev.ua/ua/. Retrieved 2008-03-08.  
  56. ^ "NaUKMA Research Centers, Institutes". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/eng_site/en/research/centres/index.php. Retrieved 2007-10-08.  
  57. ^ "The Days of Science at NaUKMA". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/nauka/confer/dni_nauki/english/index.html. Retrieved 2007-10-08.  
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  59. ^ "Kiev Mohyla Academy library history". http://www.library.ukma.kiev.ua/index.php?id=75. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  60. ^ "NaUKMA libraries (Ukrainian)". http://www.library.ukma.kiev.ua/index.php?id=18. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  61. ^ "Goethe-Institut Kiew". http://www.goethe.de/ins/ua/kie/deindex.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  62. ^ "British Council Ukraine". http://www.britishcouncil.org/ukraine.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  63. ^ "American Library". http://www.library.ukma.kiev.ua/amer/. Retrieved 2007-09-03.  
  64. ^ "NaUKMA - campus map". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/eng_site/en/contacts/campus/index.php. Retrieved 2007-12-01.  
  65. ^ "NaUKMA Mazepa building (Ukrainian)". http://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Староакадемічний_корпус_НаУКМА. Retrieved 2009-09-07.  
  66. ^ "Architecture and photographs of Kyiv Mohyla Academy campus". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/general/history/architecture/index.php. Retrieved 2009-09-07.  
  67. ^ "5 Kanal news (Ukrainian)". http://5.ua/newsline/256//44355/. Retrieved 2007-09-29.  
  68. ^ "Green office at NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://greenoffice.ukma.kiev.ua. Retrieved 2009-09-07.  
  69. ^ The Academy day is celebrated on October 15 since on this day in 1615 Halshka Hulevychivna presented her house in Kiev to the Kiev Brotherhood School from which Kyiv-Mohyla Academy originated.
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  71. ^ "Acquaintance ball 2007 (Ukrainian)". http://sk.ukma.kiev.ua/content/view/79/40/. Retrieved 2008-03-27.  
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  73. ^ "Mohyla Intellectual Club". http://mic.org.ua/mambo_en/index.php. Retrieved 2009-09-01.  
  74. ^ "Ecological club Zelena Hvylya". http://www.ecoclub.kiev.ua/. Retrieved 2009-09-01.  
  75. ^ "Bo.Net.Ua (Ukrainian)". http://bo.net.ua/. Retrieved 2009-09-01.  
  76. ^ "Sort at NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/students/sport/index.php. Retrieved 2007-11-25.  
  77. ^ "The Center of Culture and Art at NaUKMA (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/general/resources/kmc.php. Retrieved 2007-11-25.  
  78. ^ "Taras Bulba by N. Gogol". http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext98/taras10.txt. Retrieved 2007-09-01.  
  79. ^ "I, Bohdan by P. Zahrebelnyi (Russian)". http://www.lib.ru/SU/UKRAINA/ZAGREBEL_NIJ/bogdan.txt. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  80. ^ "Southern Comfort by P. Zahrebelnyi (Russian)". http://www.lib.ru/SU/UKRAINA/ZAGREBEL_NIJ/komfort.txt. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  81. ^ "Pecherskie antiki by N. Leskov (Russian)". http://az.lib.ru/l/leskow_n_s/text_0300.shtml. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  82. ^ "Publishing House Marka Ukrayiny (Ukrainian)". http://www.stamp.kiev.ua/ukr/stamp/?year=1992. Retrieved 2007-12-09.  
  83. ^ "A. I. L'vovich-Kostritsa, Mikhail Lomonosov His Life and Literary Activity (Russian)". http://ssga.ru/erudites_info/peoples/lomonosov/part01.html. Retrieved 2007-08-17.  
  84. ^ "NaUKMA - Employers (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/alumni/pratse/index.php. Retrieved 2007-09-22.  
  85. ^ "NaUKMA - 2002 (Ukrainian)". http://www.ukma.kiev.ua/ua/alumni/about/2002/index.php. Retrieved 2007-09-22.  

References

External links


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