National University of Sciences and Technology, commonly known by its acronym NUST, is a public university that was primarily founded by the Government of Pakistan in 1991 to train members of the Pakistan Armed Forces after merging together previously established military institutes and colleges. After getting chartered in 1993, NUST soon established its place in the list of the best engineering universities in Pakistan. NUST is multi-school university with its headquarters initially located in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. In 2008, the headquarters were shifted to the newly constructed campus in Islamabad. Other campuses are situated in Karachi, Rawalpindi and Risalpur.
The university is co-educational, established to promote higher scientific education in the country especially in the field of sciences and technology. It offers undergraduate and postgraduate degrees leading to PhD in the fields of engineering, information technology, medical sciences, and management sciences. NUST is affiliated with Pakistan Engineering Council and Higher Education Commission Pakistan. In 2008, NUST was ranked as 376th best University in the world by THES World University Rankings.
After the separation of Pakistan in 1947, the training of military corpsmen became one of the top priorities of the Government. In 1947, Military College of Signals was established as School of Signals to enhance professional competency of Corps of Signals by imparting high quality training in the field of telecommunications. A year later, in 1948, Military College of Engineering (MCE) was established at Sialkot to train the corps in the field of engineering. In 1951, MCE was given a status of college and was shifted to its present location in Risalpur. On 1 April 2009, College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (CEME) was established at Quetta as EME School and a few years later in 1962 PNEC was established in Karachi. To train the members of Pakistan Air Force, College of Aeronautical Engineering (CAE) was established at Korangi Creek, Karachi in 1965. All these schools and colleges were developed only to train the army and work independent of each other back then. In 1969, EME School was given the status of College and civilians were admitted in the college. In 1976, College of Medical Sciences was established as Army Medical College (AMC) and a year later in 1977 first MBBS course started there. In the same year School of Signals was upgraded to college. In 1981 BSc program started at CEME giving it the status of a university and a few years later in April 1984 CEME moved to its current location in Rawalpindi from Quetta. In May 1986, CAE was shifted to PAF Academy in Risalpur.
Founding of NUST
Formed by pooling together military and civil educational resources, NUST was established in 1991 by the Government of Pakistan. After its development, already existing military schools and colleges became constituent colleges of NUST. The first college to get affiliated with NUST was MCS in 1991. In 1993, the university was granted chartered and CEME and MCE became part of the university. In December 1994 and November 1995, CAE and PNEC became constitutes of NUST respectively. All the constituent colleges were upgraded, in September 1997 MS program was started at CAE, in 1998 MS program was started at PNEC and in the same year Bachelor of Dental Surgery was started at AMC. In 1999, CEME and CAE attained ISO 9001 Certification, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences (SEECS) was launched in Islamabad, and NUST Business School (then known as NIMS) was established.
In 2003, CEME further improved its quality and received ISO 9001-2000 certification. In the same year, Center for Cyber Technology and Spectrum Management was launched in Islamabad. In May 2004, Center for Advanced Mathematics and Physics was created. PhD program started at CEME in 2006. In 2007, Center of Virology & Immunology was developed to increase research in the field of medical sciences in Pakistan. Recently in 2008, a new campus was developed in Islamabad. Some old colleges are being shifted to this campus and many new schools are developed such as School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, School of Chemical and Materials Engineering, School of Mechanical and Manufacture Sciences, and Research Center for Modeling and Simulation.
NUST is the first model university established by the Ministry of Science and Technology like KAIST of Korea. The student body consists of over 6,000 students, including 102 international students and over 884 postgraduate students. In 2008, over 27,000 candidates applied for the undergraduate programs at NUST. NUST has over 675 full time employed faculty staff including 17 members from international universities and many professors and lecturers are a part of visiting faculty of NUST. In addition to this, eminent professors from reputed universities around the world visit NUST as a regular feature under collaborative arrangements. Majority of the faculty members are PhD and M.Phil professors from reputed universities around the world. A large number of sponsored students and faculty members, doing their PhD from abroad, are scheduled to return to NUST from 2008 onwards which will further increase the number of PhD professors in the faculty.
Admission to all engineering undergraduate courses in NUST is granted through written entrance examinations, while admission to medical, business, master and PhD programs is based primarily on an interview along with a written test in most cases. The basic requirement for admission in undergraduate program is FSc Pre-Engineering from any Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education or any equivalent qualification (like Overseas High School Certificate, British Advanced Level of Certificate, International Baccalaureate etc). Minimum 60% marks is required in each Matriculation and FSc/Equivalent Exam. Students can also apply on the basis of their SAT scores, however admissions on the basis of SAT have reserved seats. NUST has reserved seats in most of the disciplines for students applying from abroad. International students can apply only on the basis of their SAT I and SAT II scores.
Financial aid is offered to bright students who are financially handicapped and from backward areas. Financial incentives for the high achievers in undergraduate programs is awarded to about 25% of students on performance and need basis. Students who secure top positions in each discipline in the NUST admission test are not required to pay any tuition fee during first semester on joining in that discipline. Remaining students in each discipline are given financial assistance worked out as per their merit for first semester on joining. Apart from that the students who maintains a GPA of 3.5 and above in subsequent semesters get financial assistance within the range of 15-75% of their tuition fees. Students directly admitted in PhD program in IT related disciplines are given scholarships from Endowment Fund and Mega Project Fund.
Research and Development (R&D) Directorate is established at the NUST headquarters which encourages the growth of research culture in the university through the provision of necessary resources and supporting infrastructure including facilitating activities for faculty and students to apply their efforts into research. All efforts of R&D Directorate are coordinated through an organizational structure at various tiers consisting of NUST headquarters, R&D Cells at each constituent college, and NUST's commercial arms (Technology Incubation Center and NUST Consulting).
In order to enhance the scope and pace of research and development work, each college, institute, and center has an R&D Cell headed by a PhD qualified faculty member who co-ordinates, monitors and records all the R&D activities of the college. The head coordinates all the activities among various departments, faculty members, researchers, students, and industries identifying potential projects and sources of funds. The R&D Cell ensures implementation, monitoring, and progress of ongoing projects.
NUST Consulting (NC)
NUST Consulting facilitates researchers for undertaking consultancy services with external agencies. In this regard, all centers are actively involved with NC to exploit their full potential and in solving industrial problems such as improving efficiency, reduction of wastage, increasing productivity, and improving quality at competitive costs.
NUST established Technology Incubation Center with an aim to combine industrial development and technological research together and establishing the linkages between NUST constituent institutes and the industry. TIC will also help faculty members in identifying the end users apart from commercializing of R&D output.
University - Industry Linkages
All centers and faculty members involved in research are required to keep a close liaison with industrial setups. The new campus established in Islamabad is co-located with Tech Town in Sector I-12, where IT and electronics related industries and Technology Parks are planned to be set up, so as to promote university and industry linkages. Apart from this, NUST is providing training and consultancy services to the industry and other business organizations.
NUST has also procured lab equipment essentially needed for doctoral and postdoctoral research work with financing through Islamic Development Bank (IDB). IDB is financing 26 million dollars as grant for availing the services of highly qualified researchers from abroad, over and above the programs of Ministry of Science & Technology, Pakistan. 
NUST ever since its formation, has become one of the most promising universities in Pakistan. It has progressively developed and improved its ranking both in Pakistan and in the world. According to a survey, NUST is the most popular choice for engineering students in Pakistan.
|Year||THES - QS World University Rankings (World)||AsiaWeek (Asia)||Higher Education Commission, HEC (Pakistan)|
NUST has the distinction of being the first university in Pakistan to achieve ISO 9000 certification. The constituent colleges that have been certified for ISO Quality Management System include College of Aeronautical Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, College of Marine Engineering, and College of Telecommunication. NUST also won two gold and a silver medal out of three gold and three silver medals awarded by the Pakistan Engineering Council for the years 2005, 2006 and, 2007 for Best Graduate of the Year Award. NUST faculty members won seven prestigious awards, including President's Gold Medal, Best Researcher, Distinguished Scientist and Best University Teacher awards during year 2007.
NUST is a multi-campus university, with the headquarters shifted from Rawalpindi to Islamabad in 2008.. Different campuses of NUST are located in the following cities:
Army Medical College (AMC):
Also known as College of Medical Sciences, the campus is located on Abid Majid Road in Rawalpindi. AMC is ranked among the countries top medical colleges. The College is providing not only the Pakistan Army but the civil sector with doctors that are preferred through out the country for their excellant knowledge about the field and for having a disciplined approach to life. There are seven separate hostels for male and female cadets near the college campus. A single cubical (11 ft. by 11 ft.) is usually allotted to a cadet. All medical cadets and medical dental cadets are provided free furnished accommodation and messing facilities. The college hosts various domestic and national activities. The cadets are encouraged to participate in all the activities hosted by the college and outstanding cadets are awarded shields and certificates of merit. Separate and well equipped computer labs are available for both Post-Graduate and Undergraduate students. Other facilities in the campus include a library, cafeteria, college mosque, swimming pool, gym, squash court, and auditorium.
campus in Rawalpindi]]
Located on Grand Trunk Road in Rawalpindi, EME is the largest constituent college of NUST. All basic facilities such as auditorium and conference hall, accommodation and mess facilities are available. The College library is the fully computerized library, with a collection of over 70,000 volumes comprising printed and electronic information sources.
Sports facilities at EME includes three tennis courts, a basketball court, a squash court, a badminton court, and a well equipped gymnasium with numerous single station resistance machines, treadmills, cycles, rowing machines, and stair climbers.
Military College of Signals (MCS): Located on Hamayun Road in Rawalpindi Cantt, it is the oldest constituent college of NUST, founded in 1947 after the independence of Pakistan to train the members of Pakistan Armed Forces. College of Telecommunication Engineering is located in this campus. MCS library is fully computerized with over 55,000 volumes of printed and electronic information sources.
This campus is also known as College of Aeronautical Engineering (CAE).The campus is equipped with advanced laboratories, library, auditorium, conference hall, dining facility, hostel and sports facilities. The college library has a collection of over 80,000 technical and reference books and has subscription of reputed technical journals.
Aerospace Engineering Department of the college has five major labs, Aerodynamics Lab, Structure Lab, Propulsion and Heat Transfer Lab, Material Science Lab and Numerical Analysis Lab. Avionics Department has six labs, Guidance, Navigation and Control, Antennal, Communication, Radar, Microwave and Digital and Embedded system Lab. Apart from these two departments, two support departments, Industrial Engineering and Humanities and Sciences departments, are also present.
Different indoor and out-door sports facilities are available at this campus such as, table tennis, badminton, basketball, tennis, volleyball, football, hockey, and cricket.
College of Civil Engineering and National Institute of Transportation are located in this campus. MCE is one of the oldest constitute colleges of NUST, founded in 1948. The campus houses laboratories, a computer center, library with over 41,000 books, sports facilities and hostels.
The college campus is spread over an area of about Template:Convert/LoffAoffDbSoffNa comprising the administration block, four academic blocks, postgraduate studies center, various labs & workshops, professional development center, an auditorium,a Mosque, a dispensary, hostel and dining facilities. Space between various blocks is maintained with grassy fields and sports facilities. The campus is also home to Computer Aided Designing and Manufacturing Center, and Professional Development Center.
The campus has a well-stocked library. Recently, a move has been made to index all the books available at the library. Computers with internet connectivity are available for registered students. The library issues books on short-term loan. In addition, a special section known as the "Book Bank" stocks used textbooks. The Book Bank loans out text-books to undergraduate students for a whole semester, charging 10% of the original cost of the book.
Sector F-11/3 Campus:
Currently Research Center for Modeling and Simulation (RCMS) is located in this campus that will soon be shifted to the new campus at sector H-12. The center is equipped with Simulation and Modeling Lab and Computerized Drawing Lab.
Sector H-12 Campus:
A new campus has been established in Sector H-12 Islamabad to cater fast-growing requirements of a technologically advanced campus of science and technology. Besides NUST Headquarters, the schools and organizations that are relocated to this campus include School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, NUST School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, School of Chemical & Materials Engineering, Research Center for Modeling & Simulation (RCMS), Center for Advanced Mathematics & Physics (CAMP), NUST Center of Virology and Immunology, NUST Business School (NBS), Professional Development Center (PDC), Technology Incubation Center, Marketing and Industrial Relations Organization, NUST Publishing, and NUST Outreach and Talent Hunt Initiative
This campus is spread over 707 acres of land. Many sports facilities such as cricket stadium, hockey stadium, golf course, gymnasium, swimming pool, squash court, tennis court, athletics stadium and volleyball ground will be available by the end of 2008.
NUST has developed active collaborations with international universities to ensure two-way flow of knowledge. Split programs and visits of eminent professors from foreign universities is also introduced improve the academic programs. The universities with which NUST has developed collaborations in the field of engineering include Stanford University, Iowa State University, University of Michigan, University of Central Florida, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, CALTHECH, Cranfield University, University of Manchester, University of West England, University of Southampton, University of Surrey, Charles Darwin University, University of Melbourne, University of New South Wales, University of Queensland, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing University, and Beijing Institute of Technology. Universities from Japan (AGU, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Denmark (DTU), Germany and France are also part of NUST international collaboration.
Similarly, in the field of medical sciences, NUST has developed collaborations with Harvard University Medical School, New York Medical College,Virginia Cancer Institute, King's College London (University of London), Queen Mary, University of London, Imperial College London, University of New South Wales, University of Sydney, University of Queensland, Edith Cowan University, and University of Dublin (Trinity College, St. James Hospital, School of Pharmacy) of Ireland.
In order to share the experience of renowned and reliable quality networks and associations, NUST has got the membership of International Network for Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE) and Asia-Pacific Quality Network (APQN). NUST has also been granted the membership of Association of Commonwealth Universities and International Association of Universities.
NUST has also established following International Collaborations:
The institute offers many opportunities on/off campus for students to participate in technical and professional societies. Study trips to different industries and organizations are arranged, guest speakers from reputable institutes and industries are invited and seminars/workshops are held regularly. Apart from it students have developed their own societies and clubs in almost all NUST constituent colleges. Sports facilities are available in all campuses.
Different student run organizations, societies and clubs are present in almost all the NUST campuses. These include Telecom Society, Software Society, IT Club, Automobile Club, Environmental Protection Club, Literary and Debating Society, Dramatics Society, Hiking Club, Aeromodeling Club, Photography Club, and Sports Club. Apart from them Deep Sea Diving and Sailing Club is also available for the students of Pakistan Navy Engineering College in Karachi. As of March 2008, a new society called Avant Garde was established at PNEC. It consisted of four sub-societies namely: Thinkers' Forum, A-Clan, Cyber Guitar and NUST Sports. As of late 2008, NUST sports was scraped. The Thinkers' Forum conducted the first event of Avant Garde on the 9th of May 2008: An essay writing competition in English. Other events include discussion forums and parliamentary style debates. Avant-Garde is the largest and single most popular student society at PNEC. It's mega event "One Helluva Week" is conducted every semester and includes fun events like sports gala,bakesale,scavenger hunt (which is the most popular student organized event of all organized by the Thinkers' Forum),movie night,mushairas,cricket tournaments (Jauhar Cup),gaming tournaments and of recently the first ever "All Karachi Inter University Short Film Festival 2009" held on 28th of March 2009.
All the campuses have their own sports facilities. Separate courts for indoor games and activities such as table tennis, badminton, squash, gymnasium etc. are available in almost all campuses. Tennis, Basketball and Volleyball courts, Hockey, Football and cricket grounds are also present in all the main campuses. Some colleges also have their own swimming pools and gymnasiums.
Separate hostels for boys and girls is available in most colleges and is at various stages of completion in the rest. Students of CAE are all provided separate accommodations, while students at MCS, CEME and AMC are placed in the newly constructed dormitories at the campus. Pakistan Navy Engineering College has sufficient hostel facilities for both male and female students. Dining and mess facilities are located in all campuses.
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