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National liberalism is a variant of liberalism, combining nationalism with some liberal policies, especially regarding economic liberalism. The roots of it are to be found in the 19th century, when conservative liberalism was the ideology of the political classes in most European countries, then governed by monarchies.

In 19th century Germany believers in national liberalism differed from liberal nationalists in that they believed in a more authoritarian presence in Europe and a strong Germanic Empire. Liberal nationalist, such as Max Weber, were looking towards a democratic Germany in cooperation with the other European powers.[1]

The term "national liberalism" was mainly used in German-speaking countries such as Germany and Austria during the 19th century[2][3][4], where "National-Liberal" parties were long in government.

References

  1. ^ af Malmborg, Mikael; Stråth, Bo (2002). The meaning of Europe: variety and contention within and among nations. Berg Publishers. pp. 297. ISBN 1859735819. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=ysBS-PYquKMC&oi=fnd&pg=PA285&dq=%22National+liberalism%22+vs.+%22liberal+nationalism%22&ots=hVtMVfNblX&sig=xuzVIECflp4Nts4fkQf0b_tqlBg#v=onepage&q=national%20liberalism&f=false. Retrieved 31 October 2009. 
  2. ^ Verlag C.H. Beck, Germany from Napoléon to Bismarck, 1800-1866, Princeton University Press
  3. ^ Alfred Wahl, Les forces politiques en Allemagne, Armand Colin
  4. ^ Lucien Calvié, Unité nationale et liberté politique chez quelques libéraux allemands au début des années 30 and Naissance et évolution du libéralisme allemand, in Françoise Knopper et Gilbert Merlio (edited by), Notices politiques et littéraires sur l'Allemagne, Presses Universitaires du Mirail, Paris, 1835

Sources

  • Verlag Beck, Germany from Napoléon to Bismarck, 1800-1866, Princeton University Press
  • Lucien Calvié, Unité nationale et liberté politique chez quelques libéraux allemands au début des années 30 and Naissance et évolution du libéralisme allemand, in Françoise Knopper and Gilbert Merlio (edited by), Notices politiques et littéraires sur l'Allemagne, Presses Universitaires du Mirail, Paris, 1835
  • Alfred Wahl, Les forces politiques en Allemagne, Armand Colin

See also

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