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Cover of a general purpose passport issued in 2007

Turkish nationality law, is based primarily on the principle of jus sanguinis. Children who are born to a Turkish citizen mother and a Turkish citizen father in or outside of Turkey are Turkish citizens effective from birth. The intention of renunciation of Turkish citizenship or acquisition of citizenship of another state, is submitted by a petition when in Turkey to the highest administrative official in the concerned person's place of residence and when overseas to the Turkish consulates. The documents processed by these authorities are forwarded to the Ministry of Interior for appropriate action.

Contents

Definition of citizenship

Citizenship is defined in Article 66 of the constitution:

  • Everyone bound to the Turkish state through the bond of citizenship is a Turk.
  • The child of a Turkish father or a Turkish mother is a Turk.
  • Citizenship can be acquired under the conditions stipulated by law, and shall be forfeited only in cases determined by law.
  • No Turk shall be deprived of citizenship, unless he commits an act incompatible with loyalty to the motherland.
  • Recourse to the courts in appeal against the decisions and proceedings related to the deprivation of citizenship, shall not be denied.

Wikisource-logo.svg 1982 constitution., Article 66 (as amended on October 17, 2001)

Adoption

A child adopted by a Turkish citizen becomes Turkish automatically if aged less than 18 on the date the application for adoption was made. In some cases, though not a necessity of any kind, those who have foreign names and are applying for Turkish citizenship, traditionally change their name to a Turkish (not necessarily Muslim) name and these included football players Colin Kazim-Richards and mgz Marco Aurélio.[1]

Loss of citizenship

Naturalization and loss of Turkish citizenship is controlled by the Vital Statistics Office (Turkish: Nüfus ve Vatandaşlık İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü), a department of the Ministry of Interior.

Dual citizenship

Dual citizenship, the simultaneous possession of two citizenships, is possible because there are no uniform rules of international law relating to the acquisition of nationality. Each country has its own laws regarding nationality, and its nationality is conferred upon individuals on the basis of its own independent domestic policy. Individuals may have dual nationality by choice or by automatic operation of these different and sometimes conflicting laws.

The laws of Turkey provide for acquisition of Turkish citizenship based on one's descent—by birth to a Turkish citizen parent or parents in Turkey and also by birth abroad to a Turkish citizen parent or parents—regardless of the other nationalities a person might acquire at birth. Children born in Turkey to foreign citizens do not have a claim to Turkish citizenship unless one of the parents is also a Turkish citizen. The automatic acquisition or retention of a foreign nationality does not affect Turkish citizenship. Turkish laws do not contain any provisions requiring citizens who are born with dual nationality to choose one nationality over the other when they become adults.

While recognizing the existence of dual nationality and permitting Turkish citizens to have other nationalities, the Turkish Government requires that those who apply for another nationality inform appropriate Turkish officials (nearest Turkish Embassy or Consulate abroad) along with the original Naturalization Certificate, Turkish birth certificate, document showing completion of military service (for males), marriage certificate (if applicable), and four photographs.

Dual nationals are not compelled to use a Turkish passport to enter and leave Turkey; it is permitted to travel with a current foreign passport together with the Turkish National ID card.

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

The Turkish Republic Of Northern Cyprus and Republic Of Turkey have similar citizenship laws, and it is the case that citizens of both nations are permitted to reside and work in either nation, if the basic requirements such as a job an accommodation are met. Because the TRNC is only recognized by Turkey, many countries do not allow travel into their country with TRNC passports, so, The Republic Of Turkey issues passports to citizens of the TRNC, to enable them to travel freely.

The main difference between the citizenship of the TRNC and the Republic of Turkey is that, you only "officially" become a citizenship of Turkey, and get hold of an ID card, when you formally apply to do so, meaning that male children born outside the areas of Turkey don't have to attend military service, whereas you automatically become a citizen of the TRNC if either one of your parents are a citizen of the TRNC. Due to this, all children born to parents overseas, who have TRNC Citizenship, must attend compulsory military service if they wish to reside in Northern Cyprus for more than 90 days in a calendar year, even if they don't formally apply to become a citizen. Those born to parents who are a TRNC citizen are able to pay their military service off (males), either in full, or down to 30 days, under the rules and requirements set by the "Asal Sube".

Those born in the TRNC to parents of Turkish cypriot citizenship must attend military service, and is not allowed to pay it off either fully or partially to 30 days.

See also

References

  1. ^ From Bury to Brazil, the rise of a boy called Colin Kazim-Richards Times Online. Retrieved on 2009-04-13.

Further reading

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