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Navi Mumbai नवी मुंबई
City of the 21st Century
Navi Mumbai नवी मुंबई
Location of Navi Mumbai नवी मुंबई
in Mumbai and India
Coordinates 19°02′N 73°01′E / 19.03°N 73.01°E / 19.03; 73.01
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District(s) Thane District, Raigad District
Municipal commissioner Vijay Nahata
Mayor Anjani Prabhakar Bhoir
Population
Density
2000000 est. (2008)
4,332 /km2 (11,220 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
344 km2 (133 sq mi)
10 m (33 ft)
Website www.nmmconline.com
Seal of the Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation

Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: Navi Muṃbaī) is a city on the west coast of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was developed in 1972 as a twin city of Mumbai, and is the largest planned city in the world, with a total area of 344 km² and 163 km² under the jurisdiction of the Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC)[1]. Navi Mumbai lies on the mainland on the eastern seaboard of Thane Creek. The city limits stretch from Airoli near Thane in the north, to Uran in the south. The length of the city is almost the same as that of Mumbai. The Vashi and the Airoli Bridges connect Navi Mumbai to Mumbai. A new link between Nerul and Uran is under construction. The costliest and most developed areas of Navi Mumbai are Vashi and Nerul. As a result, Vashi is known as the king of Navi Mumbai while Nerul is considered as the queen of Navi Mumbai. Navi Mumbai has a population of 2,600,000 of which approximately 800,000 come from Nerul and about 700,000 from Vashi with the remainder from Belapur,Sanpada,Airoli,Ghansoli and Koparkhairne and surrounding areas.

Navi Mumbai is a part of the Mumbai Conurbation. NMMC is also rated amongst the richest corporations in Asia. Navi Mumbai is the only Indian city to be featured in the National Geographic Channel's Super Cities of the World.[2]

Contents

History

Navi Mumbai is the world's largest planned city.[3][4] It was initially planned with a specific purpose: to decongest Mumbai and become an alternative haven for the multitudes that throng Mumbai from different parts of India. Today, Navi Mumbai is a close competitor to Mumbai in every respect.

Planned city

Seawoods Estate formerly known as NRI Complex in Nerul is the costliest location of Navi Mumbai
View of Palm beach road and surrounding areas of Nerul and Belapur from Parsik hill

The first post-independence development plan for Bombay, formulated by the Mayer-Modak Committee in 1948, suggested satellite towns. Ten years later in March 1958, the Study Group on Greater Bombay was set up under the chairmanship of Mr. S.G. Barve. In February 1959, the committee suggested the formation of a township on the mainland across the Thane Creek to decongest Bombay. One of its major recommendations was that a railroad bridge be built across the Thane Creek to connect peninsular Bombay with the mainland. The bridge accelerated development across the Creek, relieving pressure on the city's railways and roadways, and attracted industrial and residential concentrations eastward to the mainland.

The Barve Group's recommendations were accepted by the Government of Maharashtra in July 1964. A new committee chaired by Prof. D.R. Gadgil, then Director of the Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, in March 1965, was asked to form broad principles of regional planning. The Gadgil Committee strongly recommended of a new town across the harbour.[5]

In March 1966, the Gadgil Committee recommended regional planning legislation and regional planning boards. In January 1967, the Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act 1966 was passed. July 1967 saw the constitution of Bombay Metropolitan and Regional Planning Board under the chairmanship of ICS officer L.G. Rajwade. The committee published the Draft Plan with recommendations to set up a new metro-centre or New Bombay (now called Navi Mumbai) across the creek. This proposal was accepted by the Bombay Municipal Corporation as a new twin city designed within the Bombay Metropolitan region to facilitate the decongestion of Mumbai.

CIDCO development

Palm Beach Road between Vashi and Belapur, Navi Mumbai. A major portion of the Palm Beach Road passes through Nerul.
Utsav Chowk at Kharghar.
Shivaji Chowk.

The City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO) was formed on 17 March 1971, under the Indian Companies Act, 1956.[citation needed] It was given the mandate of converting about 344 km². of marshy land lying between village Dighe in Thane district and Kalundre village of Raigad district into a new city. It consisted of 150 km creek line of the total 720 km of the Konkan coast. The villagers under this area lived a calm life much different from the life in the neighbouring city of Mumbai (then called Bombay). Privately owned land covering 86 villages and measuring 15,954 hectares within the present limits of Navi Mumbai and further villages, measuring 2,870 hectares were acquired by the government of Maharashtra.

CIDCO carved out 14 nodes - small townships - of the land with a view to facilitate comprehensive development and to give it an identity of new city. These nodes are named Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane, Vashi, Sanpada, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Kharghar, Kalamboli, Kamothe, New Panvel, Ulwe, Pushpak and Dronagiri. CIDCO acquired 193.94 km² land of which 141.05 km² was private land, including about 22.92 km² salt-pan land and 52.89 km² government land. By the year 2000 CIDCO had developed about 117.60 km² of land. Of this land, 54.45 km² is saleable under various land uses. CIDCO has sold about 21.90 km² leaving a balance land for sale about 32.58 km² under various land uses.

CIDCO planned and constructed all the railway stations in Navi Mumbai and used the space for commercial purposes as well.

Vashi Bridge across Thane creek.

In 1973 the Thane Creek Road Bridge, Vashi Bridge, was opened to the public for residents of Vashi, Belapur and Nerul.[citation needed] The Sion Panvel Expressway was built to reduce the time taken to travel from Sion to Panvel. Initially there was not much response to the new city. Major changes took place only after 1990, with the commissioning of the wholesale agricultural produce market at Vashi and the construction of a commuter railway line from Mankhurd to Vashi in May 1992. These developments caused a sudden growth in economic activities and population in Navi Mumbai.[citation needed]

Recent developments

By the end of the 1990s, the planning authority of Navi Mumbai initiated private participation in the developmental activity of Navi Mumbai.

Some of the old and more populated nodes are Vashi, Nerul and Belapur. Some of the more recent node developments include Kharghar and New Panvel.

A 1.5 mile long Airoli Bridge has been built over the Thane Creek between Airoli and Mulund - an eastern suburb of Mumbai city.

Administration

CIDCO

When Navi Mumbai was created in 1970s, CIDCO was the only authority that looked after the development and maintenance of the city. CIDCO prepared a developmental plan for Navi Mumbai covering 95 villages from Thane and Raigad district. For the first ten years of the project CIDCO acted as the planning and administrative body, as well as the developer and builder for the project. Tax on property, land, commercial, water were payable to CIDCO. The 14 nodes which CIDCO created were named Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane, Vashi, Sanpada, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Kharghar, Kalamboli, Kamothe, New Panvel, Ulwe, Pushpak and Dronagiri. Each of the nodes is divided into smaller groups called sectors. The names of the sectors are numbers. Initially only Vashi, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Airoli were developed by CIDCO with housing, schools, and community centre roads. But after the arrival of the Harbour Line extension in 1990s, there was an increase in population. CIDCO shifted its development plan to nodes like Kharghar, New Panvel, Airoli, Ghansoli, Kopar Khairane. In its new development plan, CIDCO land was allocated to builders for housing. CIDCO only provided basic infrastructure like roads, water, and electricity; these nodes were developed mostly by private builders according to the

NMMC

In 17 December 1991 Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) was constituted by the State Government for maintaining some of the developed nodes of Navi Mumbai.

The local self-government started on 1 January 1992. NMMC was handed 9 of the 25 nodes of the Navi Mumbai project area for its jurisdiction. However, CIDCO, as a Planning Authority has a right on the open plots in these five nodes.[6]

The 9 nodes are Belapur, Nerul, Vashi, Turbhe, Koparkhairane, Ghansoli, Airoli, Digha, Dahisar on 1 January 1998 with all ready physical and social infrastructure.[7]

The municipal corporation is headed by Municipal commissioner and an elected Mayor. There are 64 electoral wards in Navi Mumbai. A corporator is elected in each of the wards. All the nodes under municipal corporation come under Thane District.

The newly developed nodes of Navi Mumbai on the south side like Kharghar, Kalamboli, New Panvel and Panvel are still maintained by CIDCO and don't come under NMMC jurisdiction. These nodes i.e. nodes beyond Belapur (CBD) come under the Raigad District and fall under Panvel Municipal Council.

Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport Undertaking or NMMT Undertaking is the local transport service operated by the Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation in the city of Navi Mumbai and adjoining areas of Dombivli, Badlapur, Uran, Panvel, Thane, Kalyan and Mulund.

Language

Navi Mumbai has a Agri and Koli population. The official Marathi language of the state of Maharashtra is extensively spoken in most of Navi Mumbai. Business in the municipal corporation is transacted in Marathi. A common language spoken on the city streets is Mumbaiya Hindi or Bambaiya Hindi – a blend of Hindi, Urdu and Marathi language and some invented colloquial words. English is also extensively spoken, and is the working language of the city's white collar workforce since the young working class is increasing on a high percentage.

Physical characteristics

A view of Belapur Creek

Navi Mumbai spreads over parts of two districts of Maharashtra; Thane, and Raigad. The region is hilly in some parts, and certain areas of the region are protected wetlands. Unlike its bigger neighbour, the city is sparsely populated.

Navi Mumbai is a part of South Konkan coast line. This coastal line joins Sahyadri mountain ranges to the south and 50 to 100m high hills to the east. Thus the Navi Mumbai area lies between mountain ranges and a coast line.

Its coordinates are between Latitude 19.5’ and 19.15’, Longitude 72.55’ and 73.5’

Geography and Geology

Along the east, there are small hills running in a North-South direction. This land forms part of the Konkan Region. The narrow belt of land starts at Dighe in the North and ends at Kalundre in the South. It is 25.6 km² in area, 20 km long and about 2 km wide.

To part of Western Konkan coast is a narrow coastal strip along the western part of Sahyadris. It is bound on the East side by hillocks of 50 to 200 m height and on the west side by Thane creek.

The rock formations in the region are derived mainly from Deccan Basalt and also from granites, gneiss and laterite. The gently sloping coastal low lands are observed in patches and are covered with moderately shallow to deep soils, mostly lateritic in nature, sometimes oxidised to yellow marrum.

The soils of this region are high in saline in the vicinity of creeks with lower saline at other places. They are calcareous, neutral to alkaline in reaction (pH 7.5 to 8.5), often contain clay, with a high amount of bases and high water holding capacity (200–250 mm/m). The soils located on moderately sloping residual hills are lateritic in nature and show intensively leached surfaces. They are loamy and slight to moderately acidic (pH 5-6.5) with moderate base status (< 75%).

Land use

The land was used to produce rice during the rainy season. Some mango and coconut orchards and limited vegetable cultivation was also practised by locals. Those with good irrigation facilities would choose to cultivate legumes like Tur and beans. With urbanisation, however, all agricultural activities in Navi Mumbai have almost ceased to exist, except in the easternmost part.

Fish, crabs and prawns were common products from the creek, though the quantities of each were not significant. Surplus from domestic consumption was sold in Thane and Belapur markets. With the advent of industries in the region, and with consequent deterioration of water quality, these markets were lost.

Climate

Climate data for Navi Mumbai
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 16
(61)
17
(63)
21
(70)
24
(75)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
21
(70)
18
(64)
21
(70)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0.6
(0.02)
1.5
(0.06)
0.1
(0)
0.6
(0.02)
13
(0.51)
574
(22.6)
868
(34.17)
553
(21.77)
306
(12.05)
63
(2.48)
15
(0.59)
5.6
(0.22)
2,400.4
(94.5)
Source: wunderground.com [8] Nov 27th, 2008

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has a station in Thane Belapur Industry Association (TBIA) premises which daily collects meteorological data[9]. This area has sub-tropical monsoonal climate of humid-perhumid to semi arid and subhumid type. Overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures.

Rains on the Palm Beach Junction,Nerul. Navi Mumbai shares rainfall patterns with Mumbai

Navi Mumbai temperature varies from 22°C to 36°C. In winter temperature is between 17°C to 20°C while summer temperature ranges from 36°C to 41°C. Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm and humidity is 61-86 %, making it a humid-perhumid zone. The driest days are in winter while the wettest days experienced in July.

According to the IMD, the predominant wind direction is southwest in monsoon and north-east during rest of the year[9].

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[10], Navi Mumbai had a population of 703,947. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Navi Mumbai has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 67%. In Navi Mumbai, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

67% of families living in Navi Mumbai own their homes and of the working population, 63.5% are employed within the city.[11]

A 2000 survey done by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences revealed that 43% of the families currently settled in Navi Mumbai migrated from Mumbai. This percentage has gone up since then. The survey also found that the literacy rate in the city was 96%, that 32% of the total population was working, 67% own their houses and 46% own vehicles. As of 2008 the estimated population is 2,600,000,where Nerul and Vashi stands to be the most populated nodes of the city. [12]

Facts

[13]

  • Nerul is the most populated area of Navi Mumbai, with an estimated population of 800,000, followed by Vashi, which has an estimated population of 700,000.
  • The literacy level of Navi Mumbai is 96%.
  • The average monthly family income in Navi Mumbai is Rs. 9549/month, compared to Rs. 5000/month in Mumbai. Vashi has the highest monthly income at Rs. 12,349/month, followed by Nerul, at Rs. 11,998/month.
  • Average family size is 4.05 persons, whereas Mumbai's average is 4.85.
  • The majority of Navi Mumbai's population is young, with 28% in the age group of up to 15 years, 55% in the age group of 15-44 year bracket and 13% aged 45–59).
  • Navi Mumbai has become self sufficient in `higher education facilities' - only 4% students go to Mumbai for higher studies.
  • 67% of the surveyed families own their own homes.
  • Out of the surveyed households, 43% have migrated from Greater Mumbai.
  • Anurit Kanti lives here.

Religion

A view of Nerul Balaji Temple Rajagopuram, Nerul

Navi Mumbai is a cosmopolitan city and people of different religions live together amicably. The majority of the population is Hindu (86%), followed by Muslims (10%), as well as Christian and Sikh populations. The best example of this is in Brahmagiri, where CIDCO had in a planned way allotted plots to religious activities atop a hill near the west side of the Nerul Railway Station. This area houses a Balaji Temple, a Swaminarayan Temple Complex, an (Mata) Amirtandamayi Temple Complex, a Narayanaguru Temple Complex, a Little Flower Church and an Epworth Methodist Tamil Church. All these religious institutions are well patronised by people not only from Navi Mumbai but also from Mumbai city. Navi Mumbai is also home to four major Sikh temples.

Inside the SIES complex, Nerul (which is situated very close to Mumbai-Pune Expressway) there is a Anjaneyar (Lord Hanuman) Temple, Kamakshi Amman Temple and an Adhisankarar Mandap Temple. The Anjaneyar idol is 10 metres in height and is installed on a pedestal that is 3.6 metre high, bringing the overall height to 13.6 metres. It is made of a single granite stone.

Transportation

The most common forms of transportation in Navi Mumbai are the red NMMT buses and suburban trains. NMMT buses are similar to the Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport buses except that they are operated by NMMC. Auto rickshaws and Taxis are also a popular mode of transport. With the Mulund-Airoli link, currently the fastest route to central is via NMMT or the BEST buses to Mulund.

Within each node auto rickshaw is the preferred mode of transportation. Yellow and Black taxicabs operating from designated taxi stands provide the means to travel further to destinations such as Mumbai and Thane. Coolcabs are also available. Taxis charge a fixed rate approved by RTO.

A BEST Bus in Navi Mumbai
Nerul Railway Station West Side View.

Mumbai's suburban railway network also covers most of the populated region of the city. The most important external railway stations of this region are Vashi, Belapur CBD and Panvel. Soon Nerul would also be an important external railway station when the Thane-Nerul-Uran link starts. The stations are planned as a major railway junction. Most trains plying on the Konkan Railway stop at Panvel so that those passengers destined to reach Mumbai may get the local trains. These trains bypass the island city altogether. Future plans include linking the station to Pune via Karjat to cut travel time between Mumbai and Pune.

A NMMT Bus in Nerul leaving for Kharghar

The Thane-Vashi corridor on the Harbour Line of the Central Railway was commissioned on 9 November 2004. The trains ply along an 18.5 km route through Vashi, Sanpada, Turbhe, Kopar Khairane, Ghansoli, Rabale and Airoli, to Thane. Work is underway to lay an additional pair of tracks between Thane and Kurla - the 5th and 6th corridor for a ring railway route: Thane-Kurla-Vashi-Thane. The new broad Gauge Harbour Line is functional between Karjat and Panvel.

BEST buses of the 500 series travel between Mumbai and Navi Mumbai. For example, BEST route 505 starts from the CBD of Navi Mumbai and ends at Bandra in Mumbai, and vice versa. Others routes such as 506, 507, 511, 512 take commuters from Nerul in Navi Mumbai to Mumbai and back.NMMT and BEST AC buses also available to people of Navi Mumbai.

The 10 km long Palm Beach Marg (Marg translates to Road in Marathi) is a six-lane state-of-the-art road that connects Vashi to CBD-Belapur running parallel to the Thane creek. It is a twin of the Marine Drive.

There is growing demand for a new bridge over the Thane Creek from Kopar Khairane to Kannamwar Nagar in Vikroli, Mumbai off the eastern express highway so as to connect the eastern suburbs of Mumbai. This will establish a much desired third bridge linking Mumbai and Navi Mumbai.

Navi Mumbai also boasts the most advanced port in India, Jawaharlal Nehru Port, at Nhava Sheva near Uran. It is well connected with road and railways, and handles approximately 65% of India's container traffic.

Navi Mumbai is located only 30 km away from Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport which currently acts as a International Airport for the city , but things will change up soon when the Navi Mumbai International Airport will come up.

Navi Mumbai International Airport

The new international airport for Navi Mumbai, destined for the Kopra-Panvel area, will be built through public-private partnership (PPP) — with private sector partners having 74% equity and the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and Government of Maharashtra (through City and Industrial Development Corporation or CIDCO) each holding 13%

The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has already given techno-feasibility clearance to the Navi Mumbai International airport. Central government provided its cabinet approval for the construction of an International Airport at Navi Mumbai on May 31, 2007[14]. Specialised consultants are appointed and global tendering process is underway.[15] The government authorities are still planning up for land acquisition.

One more thing about the airport is that it is proposed to be located in the mangroves of Navi Mumbai. This could cause more of flood like situations during monsoons.

Infrastructure

Basic infrastructure worth Rs.40,000 million (US$1.14 billion) is already in place.[16] The National Geographic Channel has declared Navi Mumbai as one of the best cities in the world.[citation needed] The city boasts a reliable supply of electricity from various sources, and excellent motoring conditions, with numerous flyovers, broad roads, and parking lots. The main problem facing the residents is poor connectivity with Mumbai, with only two road links between the two cities and a single rail line. A hovercraft service from Vashi to Colaba and the CBD to Colaba used to exist, but did not succeed due to the high cost of tickets and maintenance.Cidco is planning to relaunch its hovercraft service from Vashi , Belapur , Nerul and Airoli to Gateway of India.

Utility services

There are adequate Utility services, banks, restaurants, malls, multiplexes and other shops through Navi Mumbai. Vashi boasts of a mighty range of malls such as Center One, Palm Beach Galleria, Citi Center, Raghuleela and InOrbit. Palm beach Road, Nerul and Kharghar are also witnessing the construction of several malls and multiplexes. Through Navi Mumbai supermarkets and malls like Apnaa Bazaar, More, Spencer's, Subhiksha, Reliance Fresh, Spinach and Fairprice cater to the shopping needs of the residents. DMart has also launched 5 Hyper Malls in Navi Mumbai.

Leading banks such as the State Bank of India, Union Bank, Saraswat Bank, Bank of Baroda, Bank of Maharashtra, Bank of Hyderabad, Citibank, ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank have their branches and ATMs around Navi Mumbai. TheReserve Bank of India is also serving the people of Navi Mumbai since 2001.

There are many restaurants in Navi Mumbai. Comparatively Mumbai restaurants are more well known than their Navi Mumbai counter parts. Navi Mumbai has very few three star and five star hotels. However with the completion of the Navi Mumbai International Airport by 2012, nodes like Nerul,Panvel, Kharghar and CBD Belapur are expected to get several 5 star luxury hotels.

Commerce

Vashi station complex

Most of the software companies in Maharashtra have their offices in Navi Mumbai. The government of Maharashtra has also setup software parks to cater to the growing demand. Many large institutions also have their offices here. The Reliance group of industries have a major presence, and (DAKC) in Kopar Khairane and Mahape. Other prominent companies include Hexaware Technologies, Mastek Patni Computer Systems, Intellenet, Hewitt Associates, TCS, Digit Computer Magazine,V2Solutions, most of them in an area called the Millenium Business Park in Mahape. As a part of long term planning, major commodity markets have begun moving from the heart of Mumbai city to Navi Mumbai. Kalamboli (another node in Navi Mumbai) is home to a major steel market. Vashi has the fresh fruits and vegetables market. One of the important business landmarks is the shipping port of JNPT (stands for Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust) in Nhava Sheva - Dronagiri node. The major business hubs in the City are CBD Belapur,Vashi,Nerul & Mahape.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust is the busiest port in India

Stock investment is popular in Navi Mumbai, being enabled by companies like Bigbull Investments, Sharekhan, Indiabulls.

The International Infotech Park at Vashi and Belapur railway station complex houses many international IT companies.

The New Millennium City near Mahape forms a major part of the Knowledge Corridor that spans Mumbai and Pune.[17] The head office of Reliance Infocom - Dhirubhai Ambani Knowledge City is situated opposite to Koparkhairane station.

Belapur Railway Station

Other IT companies in Navi Mumbai include Wipro Ltd, CMC, Tata Consultancy Services, Aptech, Track Mail, ICICI Infotech and PCS, whose offices are on Thane Belapur Road. The Mukesh Ambani promoted Navi Mumbai Special Economic Zone(SEZ)spread over the main nodes of Dronagiri and Kalamboli are well poised to provided greater commercial growth and employment to the City. Strategically positioned enroute the (proposed) Navi Mumbai Airport, with investment lined up of close to 40,000 crores, this MEga project can be one of the growth accelerators for the city of the 21st Century, Navi Mumbai.

Marathon Group has launched the development of its mini SEZ called NexZone near the site of the proposed navi Mumbai International Airport. This mini SEZ will be specially for the IT/ITES industry and will be an integrated township of residential and commercial buildings, entertainment mall and eductation institutes. Honda SEIL's Headquarters is located in Nerul MIDC.

Law and order

As the population and prosperity of the city rose through the years, it began to attract more criminal activity. Navi Mumbai's crime count jumped up from 2,763 in 2003 to 3,571 in 2004. One of the main reasons for the spurt in crime is continuous political meddlings in police investigations and the grossly under-staffed police force.

There are very few police chowkies throughout Navi Mumbai with virtually non existent beat chowkies and traffic police. Criminal activities in Navi Mumbai usually include chain snatching, pickpocketing, cellphone snatching. These crimes are mainly confined to sparsely populated areas. Of late, Navi Mumbai has witnessed several vehicle thefts and burglaries involving unoccupied houses. Murder and bank dacoity, arson are rare. Riots and community feuds do take place especially in the Ghansoli area. There have been several instances where mobs of frustrated native villagers have beaten innocent law abiding residents. Nerul is especially plagued by robbery [1]. Accidents on the wide Palm Beach Road caused by reckless truck drivers and motor cars are growing at an alarming pace due to non existent traffic police or security cameras. The absence of street lights on the highway stretch between Belapur and Kharghar also poses a continued danger to motorists.

Shops and housing colonies often hire private security guards, as the police force is often overstretched [2]. Businesses are expected to shut shop by 10pm. The Mumbai underworld has also begun to take notice of the city [3], targeting the increasingly thriving businesses of cable operators, builders and real estate developers for extortion. On the whole, crime in Navi Mumbai is much lesser than its elder brother Mumbai. Recently Navi Mumbai played a prime suspect in the Ahmedabad serial Blasts.

Education

There are 11 Engineering Colleges,2 Medical Colleges and 62 schools. There are 128 primary schools, 80 secondary schools and 25 colleges in NMMC area[9].

Sports

Cricket is the prevalent sport in the city. Navi Mumbai has its own International Cricket Ground in Nerul called the DY Patil Stadium which hosted 3 IPL T-20 matches and the IPL T-20 Cricket Final. It is said that this stadium is one of the best in India. Football is the second most popular sport with the city clubs playing during the monsoons, when other outdoor sports cannot be played. The FIFA World Cup is one of the most widely watched television events in Mumbai. India's national sport, field hockey, has gone into a sharp decline in the recent years, losing out in terms of popularity to cricket, though many Mumbai players play in the national team.

Navi Mumbai also has olympic size swimming pool at Nerul. CIDCO has proposed two 18 hole golf course academy at Nerul & Kharghar. There are plans to have sports facilities in the proposed 80 hectare Central park being developed in Kharghar. The park is expected to open in mid 2010.

Navi Mumbai Olympics is held every year. The 2008 Olympics had 12 sports and more than 3500 participants.It was won by Vashi Vikings while the runners up were the Nerul Ninjas. The other teams which take part in these Olympics are the KoparKhairane Kings, the Airoli Aces, the Panvel Patriots, the Belapur Blazers, the Kalamboli Knockouts and the Kharghar Knights.

Sister city

Navi Mumbai has many sister cities:

External links

References


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Navi Mumbai (or New Bombay) [1] is a beautiful city in Thane district to the Northeast of Mumbai. It was founded in 1971 as a satellite township to take the pressure off Mumbai city. In that, it has been only partially successful. Though many residents moved into Navi Mumbai, businesses did not. As a result, most people continue to commute to Mumbai. This has been changing in the past few years, with many IT and ITES industries setting up shop here.

Navi Mumbai is separated from the island of Mumbai by the Arabian sea and from Thane city by the Thane creek.

Get in

By plane

The city does not have an airport yet, though that will change in a few years when the new international airport to serve Mumbai will be built in Navi Mumbai. Work on City & Industrial Development Corporation of Maharashtra's airport project in Navi Mumbai has already started (as off June 2008), after some issues relating to land acquisition are sorted out and clearance of the Union Cabinet is obtained. The closest airport is in Mumbai. Once you get off, you can take a train, bus or cab to get here.

By train

There are two train lines running through the city. These suburban railway stations are quite neater than those in mainland Mumbai. Navi Mumbai's Railway Stations are one of the very few stations in India which boast of beautiful infrastructure. The trains really are the best transportation option for Navi Mumbai, considering the region's high traffic and pollution.

Mumbai's Harbour Line has been extended to serve Navi Mumbai. The most important station is Vashi, but there are many stations within the city, including Sanpada, Juinagar, Nerul, Seawoods-Darave, CBD-Belapur, Kharghar, and Khandeshwar.

There are two rail line that connects Thane railway station from Vashi and Nerul. Service on this line has improved a lot now because of more trains added.

There are 5 suburban trains daily between Belapur and Andheri(2 in the morning and 3 in the evening)

By car

Navi Mumbai is well connected with Mumbai. There are two entry points from Mumbai, via Chembur and via the Airoli exit on the Eastern Express Highway. The Airoli route will cost you Rs. 30 in toll. From Thane, you can enter the city via the Thane-Belapur road, and in fact the Airoli exit joins the Thane-Belapur road. This road has numerous entry points into the city, so you need to confirm which one to take.

The Thane-Belapur road also links up to the Mumbai-Pune expressway.

By bus

Mumbai's BEST and Thane's TMT bus services run a few buses into the city. BEST bus numbers in the 500 series are the ones to look for. NMMT or Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport bus services run buses inside Navi Mumbai. NMMT has extended A/C bus service to Bandra in Mumbai and is a very convenient way to travel to Mumbai as it has pressed latest Volvo buses in service. BEST has also started its A/C king Long buses from Navi Mumbai to Mumbai but the fares are higher and buses are not as comfortable as NMMT Volvo buses.

By taxi

Mumbai's taxis are allowed into Navi Mumbai. Hired cars are also a good way of getting into the city. If you are travelling from Mumbai to Navi Mumbai most taxis will expect the passengers to pay the toll on the bridges connecting the cities, in addition to the metered fare.

Here is an advice - Most taxi/rickshaw meters are doctored, at least in Navi Mumbai. So, better go by branded cab services - Mega Cab (022-42424242), Meru Cab (022-44224422), Gold Cab etc. You would get them at 30-60 minutes notice, they are sparkling clean, air-conditioned, punctual, honest, GPS-equipped-monitored and thus far secure at anytime. You get an SMS saying driver name, mobile number and car number 30 min before scheduled departure. 03-box cars only - Indigo Marina and Maruti Esteem only. Call center 24 hours, and not much difference in the day or night charges. Charge Rs.15 per km point-to-point, with just Rs.2 extra for first km in the night time. Infact, domestic airport has a dedicated areas in the common taxi stand for Mega and Meru cabs. e.g. You would shell out Rs.450-600 from airport to navi mumbai depending upon where you go, whereas other cabs may fleece you to the tune of 1000-1600 easily while giving poor service.

By auto-rickshaw

Mumbai's auto-rickshaws are not allowed into Navi Mumbai. However, you can catch one right up to the toll gate at Airoli, walk across and catch one on the Navi Mumbai side. Similarly you can catch one to Mankhurd and then change over to a taxi to get to Vashi.

Get around

By car

By car, you can go through the Vashi-Mankhurd Bridge built over tha sea, just by paying the over-valued toll tax. To welcome you in Navi Mumbai, there is a beautiful toll plaza at the end of the bridge to welcome you which acts as the entrance gate of Navi Mumbai.

Navi Mumbai's main arterial road - called the 'Palm Beach Road' will help link you to the various nodes of Navi Mumbai viz Vashi, Nerul, CBD Belapur, Khargar, Panvel. It also links Navi Mumbai to Mhape and Thane. Palm Beach Road is a beautiful 4-lane highway with smooth tar roads and several exits to the nodes of the city.

By auto-rickshaw

Auto-rickshaw is a popular mode of travel within the satellite city. You will see 'rickshaw stands' at several busy corners of residential and commercial areas. The minimum fare, as on January 2009, is Rs. 11/- and most rickshaw drivers abide by the meter reading. But in case of doubt, please request for a meter card to confirm if you are being charged the correct amount.

Advice - If you wish to travel to any of the nodes of the city (say from Vashi to Nerul), most rickshaw drivers will ask for half or full return fare upfront. It is NOT mandatory to pay them the return fare and is entirely the discretion of the passenger whether or not he/she wishes to pay the fare. The rule of the land: if you do not wish to pay the return fare (or what the driver asks), you should not board the vehicle. Boarding the vehicle indicates your consent to pay the stipulated fare. Lastly, always let the DRIVER specify the markup on the fare. DO NOT ASK HIM IF HE WANTS A MARKUP TO GO TO ANY OF THE NODES!

Travel within any of the Nodes is always by meter and without a markup. So please do not accept any other price quoted by the driver.

  • Kharghar Hills, (Belapur). On the way to Kharghar, take a left on uphill as u leave the boundaries of CBD. A very cool place on hilltop. People prefer to come here for morning and evening walk. Youngsters come here to have fun and just chillout. It is closed most of the times in Rainy season because of the landslide. A must to visit this place in evening hours if you are around.  edit
  • Sarovar Vihar Garden, (attached to the creek at 15 minutes distance by rickshaw near Vashi Station). Like a second marine drive, provides a beautiful view of the sea, a drive from Vashi via the Palm Beach Road ends at Belapur  edit
  • Waterfalls, Sector-8 (On the way from Mumbai to Panvel). Monsoon tourist attraction for people from far and wide  edit
  • Rajiv Gandhi Maidan. Lot's of temples for doing Pooja and meditiation, and a good trek  edit
  • Rain Tree Marg, (Belapur). Has beautiful views of Navi Mumbai  edit
  • Valley Park, Sector-9. A hot-spot for joggers of all ages  edit

Buy

The shopping market throughout Sector-17 is a good place to buy a variety of things at reasonable rates.

  • CenterOne, (near Vashi Station). This mall houses all kinds of outlets for apparel, clothes, shoes, Indian Art and handicrafts, food what have you.  edit
  • Raghuleela. Absolutely opposite Vashi station, a regular spot for many on-the-go shoppers  edit
  • Inorbit Mall, (opposite Vashi station). Wide variety of brands under a single shed, wonderful place to hangout with family while shopping.  edit
  • Sector 16+17, Vashi. About a small drive from Vashi Station, these sectors on the way you get into Vashi are one of the most happening spots of Navi Mumbai. Sector 16 as a general shopping zone, while sector 17 cropping as mini electronics marketplace.  edit

Eat

The food caters to all kinds of palates which includes Pan Indian (South, North, Central and Western Indian), of course Pizza Hut and McDonalds, Chinese and other oriental and lots more. Some Indian food you could try includes Dosas, Idlis, Bhel, Sev Puri, Samosas, Ragda patties, Pulavs, Rajma Chawal and more. Indian food is really what food should be. There are more varieties of Indian food than probably any other cuisine in the world. After all that hot stuff you can try out the Indian slush called the ice gola in Kalakhatta flavor, which beats Pepsi and Coke hollow. You'll get those two in manned fountains at the food counters.

  • Flavours, Sanpada (opp. Sanpada railway station). Intercontinental cuisine. You can actually sit at the counter and enjoy your drinks (Don't forget the Bartender's Special)  edit
  • Hot Cross Cafe, Nerul, Palm Beach/Kharghar (opp. Hiranandani Towers, near Utsav Chowk). A very relaxing coffee shop where they serve a variety of hukka (sheesha) at a very minimal rate. One of the best places in Navi Mumbai for hukka and mouth watering and fresh pastries.  edit
  • Jaslok, (at Hiranandani/Kharghar). All sorts of snacks and sweets. Pani Puri, Vada Pav and Rasmalai, Jamun are the delicious items  edit
  • Nanumal Bhojmal (Bhagatchand Tarachand), Nerul-Sanpada Palm Beach Road. Damn good restaurant for Gujarati and Punjabi food  edit
  • Sri Krishna, Sector-11, CBD Belapur (Near K Stars Hotel), 022-6511162. Nice and good vegetarian food. Best Watermelon Juice! Home Delivery aviailable.  edit
  • Viscious circle, Sector 6, Vashi. Mouth watering kebabs and non veg dishes, good ambience, drinks and a large projector screen.  edit
  • Coral Lounge, Sector 17, Vashi (Above hotel Navratna). please help out with more info  edit
  • Dusk, (at The Park in C.B.D. Belapur), +91 (0) 22 2758 9000. please help out with more info  edit
  • Flames, CBD Belapur. please help out with more info  edit
  • Indulge, C.B.D. Belapur. please help out with more info  edit
  • Ice'n'Spice, Nerul. please help out with more info  edit
  • Navratna, Sector 17, Vashi. The oldest hotel in Navi Mumbai.  edit
  • Days Inn, L-1, Sector 19, Palm Beach Marg, Vashi. US$35 std rate..  edit
  • Hotel Heritage Dakshin, Sai Chambers, Sec 11, CBD Belapur, 91 22 2757 1812. Rp 1,200–2,000.  edit
  • Hotel Vishwa Sai, 1st Floor, Hemraj Bldg. Sector 11 (Opp. C.B.D. Belapur Rly. Station (E)), Tel: +9122 27574508. checkout: noon. Has Aircondition  edit
  • Pooja Heritage (Nerul), Near DY Patil college (Near DY Patil college). checkin: 1200; checkout: 1200. nice hotel at lowest budget Rp. 1200.  edit
  • In Rainy season go to Pandavpada Waterfalls in Kharghar.
  • Trek Karnala Fort, 13 km From Panvel
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Mumbai (Bombay) is a short train ride away from Navi Mumbai, and many people travel to Mumbai for the day.

The beautiful hill stations of Lonavla and Khandala are less than an hour's drive from Navi Mumbai.








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