Navy Supply Corps (United States): Wikis

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U.S Navy Supply Corps
US Navy Supply Corps Oak Leaf.jpg
Supply Corps staff officer insignia
Active 23 February 1795 - present
Country United States of America
Allegiance United States U.S.A.
Branch U.S. Navy (Active & Reserve Component)
Type Staff Corps
Role Sustain U.S. Navy and U.S. Military Operations worldwide
Size ~3565 Supply Officers
Nickname SUPPOs, Chops, Pork Chops
Motto "Ready for Sea"
"Ready, Resourceful, Responsive"
Anniversaries 23 February
Engagements Every U.S. engagement since the 1798 Undeclared Naval War with France - present
Commanders
Current
commander
RADM Michael J. Lyden, SC, USN
Chief of Supply Corps

The Supply Corps of the United States Navy traces its beginnings to February 23, 1795 when the nation's first Purveyor of Public Supplies, Tench Francis, Jr., was appointed by President George Washington. The Supply Corps is one of the oldest staff corps in the U.S. Navy. Supply Corps officers are concerned with supply, logistics, combat support, readiness, contracting and fiscal issues. The official motto of the Supply Corps is "Ready for Sea" - reflecting the Supply Corps' longstanding role in sustaining warfighting.

Commissioned officers in the Supply Corps are schooled and experienced in a variety of disciplines such as supply management and expeditionary logistics, inventory control, disbursement, financial management, contracting, information systems, operations analysis, material and operational logistics, fuels management, food service and physical distribution.

Supply Corps officers can be members of a ship or shore activity's supply department or can be billeted into supply units/commands - such as the Navy Expeditionary Logistics Support Group (NAVELSG), Fleet Industrial Supply Centers (FISCs) or Navy Special Warfare (SPECWAR) Logistics Groups which support the United States Navy SEALs. While Supply Corps officers are not eligible for command at sea, which is the province of certain unrestricted line officers, they can command supply units. A Supply Corps officer is always the Commanding Officer of a Naval Cargo Handling Battalion - groups charged with stevedoring and logistics whose constituent companies are led by both Supply Corps and Civil Engineer Corps officers. Supply Corps officers also serve in forward deployed land-based units - such as the Seabees - working right alongside Civil Engineer Corps officers and in a joint capacity with Marine Corps.

Contents

Navy Supply Corps School

NSCS Seal

New Supply Corps junior officers attend the Navy Supply Corps School (NSCS) in Athens, Georgia. The new NSCS facility is being built in Newport, RI.

NSCS was first opened as the Navy Supply Corps School of Application in 1921, located at the Navy Department in Washington, D.C. After just three years the school was closed, and for the next ten years supply officers learned their profession on the job, at sea from senior supply officers and through formal, but independent coursework.

A more formal arrangement was achieved when the Naval Finance and Supply School was opened at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard in September 1934, for instruction of regular Navy Supply Corps officers. The training of reserve officers did not become available until 1940, when the Supply Corps Naval Reserve Officers School was established in Washington, D.C. After ten months the two schools were merged, creating the Navy Supply Corps School, located at the Harvard Business School in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

During U.S. involvement in World War II, 13,000 officers graduated from NSCS at Harvard. In 1944, the Naval Supply Operational Training Center was established at the Naval Supply Depot in Bayonne, New Jersey. It was redesignated the Navy Supply Corps School in 1946, but within a few years it outgrew its facilities. Through the efforts of two Georgia politicians, U.S. Senator Richard B. Russell Jr. and U.S. Representative Carl Vinson, the school was moved to Athens, Georgia in 1954.

The 2005 Base Realignment and Closure round determined that NSCS will be relocated to Naval Station Newport, Rhode Island in 2011.

Professional Qualifications

Supply Corps officers can earn one or more of four community warfare insignias:

Officers must complete a personal qualification standard (PQS) program, demonstrate an extensive practical and applied knowledge of the specialty, and successfully stand before an oral examination board of senior officers to earn each warfare pin.

Earning a warfare qualification is often a prerequisite for promotion to senior officer ranks of Commander (O-5) and higher. A Supply Corps officer's future career promotion and assignment prospects can be negatively impacted if he/she served at an operational unit or onboard a ship, but failed to earn a warfare pin.

Current Navy policy dictates that Supply Officers complete two operational tours and obtain a warfare pin for consideration for Lieutenant Commander (O-4) boards.

Additional information

Supply Corps officers are sometimes called "SUPPO," although this term is the billet of Supply Officer which is the supply department head and senior Supply Corps officer of a command. Other nicknames include "Pork Chop" (due to the shape of the Supply Corps staff insignia) and, for junior Supply Corps Officers, "Lamb Chop"! Aboard submarines, the Supply Officer is called "Chop". While "Supply Officer" is a specific billet which an officer may fill, there are also many other positions open to Supply Corps officers as this is an inherently multi-disciplinary career field. These include: ASUPPO, or Assistant Supply Officer; FSO, or Food Service Officer; or DISBO, or Disbursing Officer. At larger commands, sometimes Hazardous Materials Officer, Postal Officer, and Wardoom Officer are primary billets for Supply Corps officers vice being collateral duties at smaller commands.

Enlisted ratings that comprise the Navy supply community are: SHs (Ship's Servicemen), who assist Supply Officers in managing shipboard retail and service activities; SKs (Storekeepers), who assist Supply Officers in managing inventories of parts and supplies; PSs (Personnel Specialists, a recent merger of the former Disbursing Clerk (DK) and Personnelman (PN) ratings), who assist with the disbursement of funds; CSs (Culinary Specialists, formerly known as Mess Management Specialists (MSs)), who manage and execute all food service operations; and PCs (Postal Clerks), who assist in the management of fleet postal activities). In October, 2009, Active Duty Storekeepers and Postal Clerks will be merged to be Logistics Specialists (LS).

The Navy Supply Corps Museum is located at the Supply Corps School in the historic Carnegie Library Building in Athens, Georgia.

Navy Supply Corps Leadership

Vice Admiral Alan S. Thompson, Director, Defense Logistics Agency, and Vice Admiral Mark D. Harnitchek, Deputy Commander, United States Transportation Command, Scott Air Force Base are currently the highest-ranking Supply Corps Officers in the U.S. Navy. Rear Admiral Mike Lyden serves as head of the Supply Corps Officer and Enlisted Community. He became the 45th Chief of Supply Corps in November 2008.

As of November 2008, Lyden is the 45th Chief of the Supply Corps.

Three stars is the highest rank a Supply Corps officer in the U.S. Navy can reach. There have been only 18 Supply Corps Officers advanced to the 3-star rank of Vice Admiral: William J. Carter, E. G. Morsell, Edwin Dorsey Foster, Charles W. Fox, Murray L. Royar, A. A. Antrim, Stephen R. Edson, Robert F. Batchelder, Joseph M. Lyle, Kenneth R. Wheeler, George E. Moore II, Vincent A. Lascara, Eugene A. Grinstead, Little Eddie Straw, Keith W. Lippert, Justin D. McCarthy, Alan S. Thompson and Mark Harnitchek.

Notable U.S. Navy Supply Corps Officers

Supply Corps coat of arms

Famous Quotes about Logisticians and Supply Officers

Henry E. Eccles
Rear Admiral, U.S. Navy

"You will not find it difficult to prove that battles, campaigns, and even wars have been won or lost primarily because of logistics."
General Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. Army

"I don't know what the hell this 'logistics' is that Marshall is always talking about, but I want some of it."
Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, U.S. Navy

"The essence of flexibility is in the mind of the commander; the substance of flexibility is in logistics."
Rear Admiral Henry E. Eccles, U.S. Navy

"Logistics...in the broadest sense, the three big M's of warfare: material, movement, and maintenance. If international politics is 'the art of the possible,' and war is its instrument, logistics is the art of defining and extending the possible. It provides the substance that physically permits an army to live and move and have its being."
James A. Huston, Author of The Sinews of War: Army Logistics 1775-1953

"Logistics: the practical art of moving armies"
Antoine-Henri Jomini, French Army General and Military Theorist

"My logisticians are a humorless lot...they know if my campaign fails, they are the first ones I will slay."
Alexander the Great

References and external links

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