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National Socialist German Workers' Party
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
Founded 1919
Dissolved 1945
Preceded by German Workers' Party (DAP)
Succeeded by None; Banned
Newspaper Völkischer Beobachter
Ideology Nazism (National Socialism)
Political position Far-right
International affiliation N/A
Official colors Black, White, Red, Brown
Website
N/A
Politics of Germany
Political parties
Elections
.The National Socialist German Workers' Party (German: About this sound Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei , abbreviated NSDAP), commonly known in English as the Nazi Party (from the Ger.^ The National Socialist Program (also known as the 25-point program) was copied later by the National Socialist German Workers’ Party.
  • Nazism, National Socialist German Workers' Party & its alphabeticsymbolism in the Swastika http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg HakenkreuzSecrets, Fylfot, Hook-Cross, Ugunskrust, Sanskrit, Sauwastika, Triskelion,Wolfsangel, Whirling Winds, Sun Wheel, Socialist Secrets, Socialism Secrets,Hakenkreuz Secrets, Wholecaust, Wholecaust, Holocaust, Pledge of Allegiance,Francis Bellamy, Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward, Julian West, James Upham,Youths Companion, Nationalism, Socialist Revolution, Theosophical, Theosophy,Blavatsky 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The following year, the party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (National-Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei--NSDAP).
  • History of Germany, The Third Reich, 1933-45 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC motherearthtravel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

pronunciation of Nationalsozialist[1]), was a political party in Germany between 1919 and 1945. It was known as the German Workers' Party (DAP) before the name was changed in 1920.
.The party's last leader, Adolf Hitler, was appointed Chancellor of Germany by president Paul von Hindenburg in 1933. Hitler rapidly established a totalitarian regime[2][3][4][5] known as the Third Reich.^ On 30 January 1933 , Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg after attempts by General Kurt von Schleicher to form a viable government failed.
  • Nazi Germany at AllExperts 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The movement culminated in the establishment of the Third Reich, the autocratic, totalitarian German state led by the dictator Adolf Hitler from 1933 to 1945.
  • NATIONAL SOCIALISM, 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ [Adolf Hitler, in a speech in March 1933] .
  • YE SHALL KNOW THEM BY THEIR WORDS MATTHEW PART 4 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.cuttingedge.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nazi ideology stressed the failures of communism and democracy.^ Origins of the Nazi Ideology The National Socialist ideology contained several basic points: Antisemitism, nationalism, militarism, and anti-communism.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [Steigmann-Gall] Kerrl tried to mediate between the divisions amongst the churches and stressed the religious aspect of the Nazi "positive" Christianity ideology.
  • Hitler's Henchmen and Nazi Sympathizers 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The sacrifice of the individual for the better of the community, epitomized in the marathon sequence as the runners visibly suffer for their nations’ glory, is also a key part of Nazi ideology conveyed in the film.

.It also stressed the "racial purity of the German people", as well as Northwestern Europeans and persecuted those it perceived either as race enemies or Lebensunwertes Leben, that is "life unworthy of living". This included Jews, Slavs, and Roma along with homosexuals, the mentally and physically disabled, Communists and others.^ Jews and Slavs were racial enemies.
  • Hitler: The Rise to Power 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.historyhome.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every Jew is a sworn enemy of the German people."
  • Joseph Goebbels (person)@Everything2.com 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.everything2.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And those people are just… well… wrong.
  • Creationism, evolution, and Nazis. Yes, Nazis. | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: Original source]

.This persecution came to its climax when the party and the German state which it controlled organized the systematic murder of approximately six million Jews and six million other people from the aforementioned and other groups, in what has become known as the Holocaust.^ There were not six million Jews murdered; there was one murder, six million times.
  • View topic - Why did the Jewish Congress build up the Nazi Party? :: Free Dominion - Principled Conservative - Party and Canadian Politics - Canada Blogs 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freedominion.com.pa [Source type: General]

^ Approximately 5.3 million Poles were murdered during the German occupation, half of these were Jews.

^ Controls on the German side were thorough and systematic.
  • VQR » How I Fled Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.vqronline.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hitler's desire to build a German empire through expansionist policies led to the outbreak of World War II in Europe.^ During the First World War, Hitler served in the German army.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hitler had a vision to make a big German empire in Europe.
  • Persons in the Third Reich 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.hpwt.de [Source type: General]

^ Nazi war criminals after World War II. .

.The Nazi Party is generally described as being at the extreme or far right of the left-right political axis.^ By mid-July, the Nazi party was the only political party left in Germany.
  • Holocaust | The Nazi Regime 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.projetaladin.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Political movement represented by the Nazi Party.
  • Australian Memories Of The Holocaust 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.holocaust.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nazi is a political party, Obama is a Democrat.
  • Right-Wing Conference: Why Obama Is A Nazi 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC digg.com [Source type: General]

[6] .While the party incorporated elements from both left and right-wing politics, the Nazis formed most of their alliances on the right.^ Political movement represented by the Nazi Party.
  • Australian Memories Of The Holocaust 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.holocaust.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By mid-July, the Nazi party was the only political party left in Germany.
  • Holocaust | The Nazi Regime 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.projetaladin.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Um, greg -- the Nazis were RIGHT wing.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

[6] .On the Nolan Chart, the Nazi party would be described as politically extreme right (authoritarian), and economically centrist.^ The AMERICAN Nazi Party are right wingers.
  • Dems rip Limbaugh's use of Nazi symbol - Glenn Thrush - POLITICO.com 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ Political movement represented by the Nazi Party.
  • Australian Memories Of The Holocaust 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.holocaust.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nazi is a political party, Obama is a Democrat.
  • Right-Wing Conference: Why Obama Is A Nazi 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC digg.com [Source type: General]

[7]

Contents

Origins and early existence: 1918-1923

.The party grew out of smaller political groups with a nationalist orientation that formed in the last years of World War I.^ In the last year of the war it was used as sickbay.

^ Such were the main groupings out of which the Communist Party was formed.
  • CPGB: The Foundation of the Communist Party of Great Britain 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.marx.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drexler, an avid German nationalist, had been a member of the militarist Fatherland Party during World War I, and was bitterly opposed to the armistice of November 1918 and to the left-wing and Communist revolutionary upheavals that followed in its wake.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.In the early months of 1918, a party called the Freier Ausschuss für einen deutschen Arbeiterfrieden ("Free Committee for a German Workers' Peace") was created in Bremen, Germany.^ "That's why we call ourselves the Worker's Party!
  • Nazi-Sozi Questions and Answers / Dr. Jospeh Goebbels - Stormfront 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The German Workers' Party was formed in 1919.
  • National Socialist German Workers Party 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.novelguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This little band was the German Workers' party.
  • http://killeenroos.com/5/NAZISTUF.htm 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC killeenroos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Anton Drexler, an avid German nationalist, formed a branch of this league on 7 March 1918, in Munich.^ Anton Drexler (June 13, 1884 - February 24, 1942) was a Munich locksmith and member of the völkisch agitators who, together with journalist Karl Harrer, founded the German Workers' Party (DAP) in 1919.
  • Nazism, National Socialist German Workers' Party & its alphabeticsymbolism in the Swastika http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg HakenkreuzSecrets, Fylfot, Hook-Cross, Ugunskrust, Sanskrit, Sauwastika, Triskelion,Wolfsangel, Whirling Winds, Sun Wheel, Socialist Secrets, Socialism Secrets,Hakenkreuz Secrets, Wholecaust, Wholecaust, Holocaust, Pledge of Allegiance,Francis Bellamy, Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward, Julian West, James Upham,Youths Companion, Nationalism, Socialist Revolution, Theosophical, Theosophy,Blavatsky 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Drexler, an avid German nationalist, had been a member of the militarist Fatherland Party during World War I, and was bitterly opposed to the armistice of November 1918 and to the left-wing and Communist revolutionary upheavals that followed in its wake.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The party was founded in Munich by a group including Anton Drexler , Gottfried Feder , Dietrich Eckart , and Karl Harrer .
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.Drexler was a local locksmith in Munich who had been a member of the militarist Fatherland Party during World War I, and was bitterly opposed to the armistice of November 1918 and to the revolutionary upheavals that followed in its wake.^ Yugoslavia during Second World War ] .
  • Croats brag about their Nazi past. 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.srpska-mreza.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many enterprises followed this principle during the Second World War.
  • Disc Aircraft of The Third Reich 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.zamandayolculuk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the World War II era:   .

.Drexler followed the typical views of militant nationalists of time, such as opposing the Treaty of Versailles, having anti-Semitic, anti-monarchist, and anti-Marxist views, and believing in the superiority of Germans whom nationalists claimed to be part of the Aryan "master race" (Herrenvolk), but he also accused international capitalism of being a Jewish-dominated movement and denounced capitalists for war profiteering in World War I.^ Anti-war elements in the party opposed such involvement.
  • CNY Reds » History 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC cnyreds.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of them held anti-Semitic views.
  • Christianity in Europe during WWII 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ World War I: anti-submarine campaign .

[8] .Drexler saw the situation of political violence and instability in Germany as the result of the new Weimar Republic being out-of-touch with the masses, especially the lower classes.^ The result was what is known as the Weimar Republic.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hyperinflation of the Weimar Republic in 1923 Germany .
  • Hyperinflation of the Weimar Republic in 1923 Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.usagold.com [Source type: News]

^ Furthermore, the anti-German propaganda pouring out of the global press strengthened the resolve of Germany's enemies, especially the Poles and their hawkish military high command.
  • The Jewish Declaration of War on NaziGermany: The Economic Boycott of 1933. M. Raphael Johnson, Ph.D. 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.wintersonnenwende.com [Source type: Original source]

[9] .Drexler emphasized the need for a synthesis of völkisch nationalism, a strong central government movement, with economic socialism to create a popular, centerist nationalist-oriented workers movement that could challenge the rise of Communism, as well as the internationalist left and right in general.^ National socialism could rise to such power only on the shoulders of the previous workers' movement.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To the workers, he promised economic and social reforms - including nationalization of the trusts.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus the workers could not organize any political movements against the government.
  • Fascist Italy 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

.On 5 January 1919, Drexler, together with Gottfried Feder, Dietrich Eckart and Karl Harrer, and 20 workers from Munich's railway shops and some others met to discuss the creation of a new political party based on the political principles which Drexler endorsed.^ Campaign for a new workers party (CNWP) .

^ The party bases itself on four principles i.e.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ How can a new workers party be developed?

[10] .Drexler proposed that the party be named the German-Socialist Workers Party, but Harrer objected to using the term "socialist" in the name, the issue was settled by removing the term from the name, and it was agreed that the party was named the German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, DAP).^ The following year, the party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (National-Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei--NSDAP).
  • History of Germany, The Third Reich, 1933-45 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC motherearthtravel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was known as the German Workers' Party (DAP) before the name was changed in 1920.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ What is needed is a mass socialist workers party .
  • The Socialist Revolution and the Revolutionary Party | DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST PERSPECTIVE 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.dsp.org.au [Source type: Original source]

[11] .To ease concerns among potential middle-class nationalist supporters, Drexler made clear that unlike Marxists, the party supported middle-class citizens, and that the party's socialist policy was meant to give social welfare to German citizens deemed part of the Aryan race.^ Not a social democracy, but a democracy partially socialist?
  • Cartoonist Receives Death Threats Over "Learn to Speak Teabag" | CommonDreams.org 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ The Nazis were the nationalist socialist party.
  • Dems rip Limbaugh's use of Nazi symbol - Glenn Thrush - POLITICO.com 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ Not only was the Socialist Party preaching Socialism.
  • History of the Socialist Party of Canada 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.worldsocialism.org [Source type: Original source]

[9] .They became one of many völkisch movements that existed in Germany at the time.^ They had many supporters in Germany.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many historians such as Ian Kershaw and Joachim Fest argue that Hitler and the Nazis were one of numerous nationalist and increasingly fascistic groups that existed in Germany and contended for leadership of the anti-Communist movement and, eventually, of the German state.
  • Bambooweb: Nazi 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC bambooweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The chain that was on the bike originally is probably worth three times as much as the one they put on; thus they are probably selling those good chains.
  • Hitlerites and Bush Nazis to Boot! : Cleveland IMC (((i))) 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC cleveland.indymedia.org [Source type: Original source]

.Like other völkisch groups, the DAP advocated the belief that Germany should become a unified "national community" (Volksgemeinschaft) rather than a society divided along class and party lines.^ The dividing line of the classes crosses that of the nations.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Like other groups, the DAP advocated völkisch ideology – the belief that Germany should become a unified “national community” (Volksgemeinschaft) rather than a society divided along class and party lines.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ I like the idea of appointing by ability rather than party affiliation, should be done here.
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

.This ideology was explicitly anti-Semitic as it declared that the "national community" must be judenfrei ("free of Jews").^ This ideology was explicitly anti-Semitic from the start – the “national community” would be “judenrein” (free of Jews).
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC locke.citizendium.org:8080 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anti-Semitism must be absolutely abolished!
  • Early Nazi Posters 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What does anti-Semitism have to do with nationalism?
  • Those Damned Nazis (1932) 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

.From the outset, the DAP was opposed to non-nationalist political movements, especially on the left, including the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the newly-formed Communist Party of Germany (KPD).^ This was reflected in the growth in the German Social Democrat Party (SDP), the largest political party in Germany.

^ Nazi political parties and movements outside Germany .

^ The politics of socialism in one country were imposed on the world's Communist parties.
  • The politics of the International Socialist Organisation and 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC members.optushome.com.au [Source type: Original source]

Members of the DAP saw themselves as fighting against "Bolshevism" and anyone considered to be part of or aiding so-called "international Jewry".
.The Party believed that Social Welfare was the business of the State.^ I argued that to break the dominance of the pro-business, anti-welfare state consensus we must have unity, both industrially and politically."

^ We believe that American National Socialism built according to American traditions, history, culture and conditions of the United States , will be different from any other national socialist society in history.
  • NATIONAL SOCIALISM 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.nsalp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The party initiated a wide range of social reforms and increased the state control of many important industries.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before the Nazi movement, the churches administered charity.^ Richard Steigmann-Gall's research found that, "many confessional Lutherans who would later join the Confessing Church received the Nazi movement warmly."
  • Christianity in Europe during WWII 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a purpose for churches, charities, boycotts, and movements.
  • OPEN THREAD: Obama Nazi Healthcare logo. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ B) Subsequently, the Catholic hierarchy was active in Nazi movements outside Germany, for example in the Balkans, where the church was the institutional base of the Nazi puppet State of Croatia.
  • Pictures illustrate Nazi link to Catholic church and Vatican 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC emperors-clothes.com [Source type: Original source]

.The government enforced a collection of a 10% tithe, which was paid directly to the churches.^ It has requested and received the Nazi dictatorships promise to enforce internal Church decisions ( Article 10 ), voluntarily making the Nazis the policeman of the church.
  • Pictures illustrate Nazi link to Catholic church and Vatican 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC emperors-clothes.com [Source type: Original source]

This charitable bureaucracy was shifted to the State.
.The DAP was a tiny group with fewer than 60 members.^ This tiny group, with three to seven members usually attending, met weekly or oftener.
  • Thule Society - Gesellschaft Germanen Orden 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.helsinki.fi [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If any group opposing what is happening in this country gathers more than a few members it will be infiltrated.
  • Canadian Jewish Congress Organized Nazi Party 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: General]

^ There is, too, little evidence of participation by Thule members in the DAP. Sebottendorff gives 220 names of members of Thule , or the Thule Kampfbund, in his book, but fewer than twenty of these appear in the two probably authentic early lists of NSDAP party members.
  • Thule Society - Gesellschaft Germanen Orden 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.helsinki.fi [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless, it attracted the attention of the German authorities, who were suspicious of any organisation that appeared to have subversive tendencies.^ My attention was attracted by the face of a young man who was leading the cries.

^ The authorities, armed with sophisticated crime investigation tools, chase down a criminal who appears more a threat to society than a symbol of popular frustrations.

^ In 1858, the free traders, who had been appearing on the scene in various parts of Germany, who were mainly journalists and activists, organized themselves into the Congress of German Economists.
  • Authentic German Liberalism of the 19th Century - Ralph Raico - Mises Institute 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC mises.org [Source type: Original source]

.A young corporal, Adolf Hitler, was sent by German army intelligence to investigate the DAP. While attending a party meeting, Hitler got involved in a heated political argument and made an impression on the other party members with his oratory skills.^ Adolf Hitler announces an increase in the size of the German Army .

^ Hitler made a movie of this to discourage others.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ Adolf Hitler orders the mobilization of the German Army .

He was invited to join and, after some deliberation, chose to accept. .Among the party's earlier members were Rudolf Hess, Hans Frank and Alfred Rosenberg, all later prominent in the Nazi regime.^ He's the son of a Nazi Party member.
  • Stephanopoulos Delivers Dem Attack Strategy on Schwarzenegger --8/7/2003-- Media Research Center 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.mediaresearch.org [Source type: News]

^ Among the party’s earlier members were Rudolf Hess , Hans Frank , and Alfred Rosenberg , all later prominent in the Nazi regime.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ And the committee consisted of all the party members.
  • MEIN KAMPF by Adolf Hitler - THE FIRST STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hitler became the DAP's 55th member and received the number 555, as the DAP added '500' to every member's number to exaggerate the party's strength.^ McKenzie became a member of the Party in 1904.
  • History of the Socialist Party of Canada 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.worldsocialism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He became the party’s 55th member.
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^ The first original member became 501 and Hitler became member 555.
  • 14: A Star Pupil 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC smoter.com [Source type: Original source]

.He later claimed to be the 7th party member (he was in fact the seventh executive member of the party's central committee; he would later wear the Golden Party Badge number 1).^ And the committee consisted of all the party members.
  • MEIN KAMPF by Adolf Hitler - THE FIRST STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Party members wear the badge on the brown shirt.
  • The Avalon Project : Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume IV - Document No. 2319-PS 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do not believe that the Germany of misfortune and misery, the nation of corruption and usury, the land of Jewish corruption, can be saved by parties that claim to stand on a foundation of facts.
  • Early Nazi Posters 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over the following months, the DAP continued to attract new members, while remaining too small to have any real significance in German politics.^ "The new style of German economic life consists of the concentrated use of man-power and the continuous shifting of German men and women."
  • Europe speaks - - 05 - Projekt: Retrodigitalisierung ISK-Zeitschriften 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC library.fes.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Occasionally, the new patriarch could claim a small following...
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^ Given the German Government and Holy See (Vatican) continue to honor this Concordat to this day, the Nazi order remains legally and technical still enacted, now bestowed unto a new organization.
  • Investigative Journal » Hitler and Pope Pius XII Good Buddies 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.arcticbeacon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 24 February 1920, the party added "National Socialist" to its official name, becoming the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), although Hitler earlier suggested the party to be renamed the "Social Revolutionary Party"; it was Rudolf Jung who persuaded Hitler to follow the NSDAP naming.^ The following year, the party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (National-Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei--NSDAP).
  • History of Germany, The Third Reich, 1933-45 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC motherearthtravel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The National Socialist German Workers (aka Nazi) Party was established in 1919.
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[12]
.Hitler discovered that he had talent as an orator, and his ability to draw new members, combined with his characteristic ruthlessness, soon made him the dominant figure.^ Hitler soon discovered that he had talent as an orator, and his ability to draw new members, combined with his characteristic ruthlessness, soon made him the dominant figure in a small party.
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^ Having done his worst, Eckart soon died, proudly advising those around him: Follow Hitler!
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^ It was also German Karma, Himmler said, that they be "saved" by "a figure of the greatest brilliance" - meaning not Hitler, but the spirit "incarnate" in him and possessing him.
  • The Rainbow Swastika - Nazism and the New Age 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC searchlight.iwarp.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Drexler recognized this, and Hitler became party chairman on 28 July 1921. When the party had been established, it consisted of a leadership board elected by the members, which in turn elected a chairman.^ McKenzie became a member of the Party in 1904.
  • History of the Socialist Party of Canada 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.worldsocialism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And the committee consisted of all the party members.
  • MEIN KAMPF by Adolf Hitler - THE FIRST STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He became the party’s 55th member.
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.Hitler scrapped this arrangement.^ Hitler soon scrapped this arrangement.
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.He acquired the title Führer ("leader") and, after a series of sharp internal conflicts, it was accepted that the party would be governed by the Führerprinzip ("leader principle"): Hitler was the sole leader of the party and he alone decided its policies and strategy.^ It is organized according to the Führerprinzip , the leader principle of Hitlers Nazis.
  • National Front and Capitalist Drive Toward Strong State 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.internationalist.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nazi Party and Nazi government leaders and officials .
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^ He acquired the title “Führer” (leader), and after a series of sharp internal conflicts it was accepted that the party would be governed by the “Führerprinzip” (leader principle): Hitler was the sole leader of the party and he alone decided its policies and strategy.
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.Hitler at this time saw the party as a revolutionary organization, whose aim was the violent overthrow of the Weimar Republic, which he saw as controlled by the socialists, Jews and the "November criminals" who had betrayed the German soldiers in 1918. The SA ("storm troopers", also known as "Brownshirts") were founded as a party militia in 1921 and began violent attacks on other parties.^ A revolutionary socialist party is necessary then; but such a party has been necessary for a long time.
  • International Socialist Review 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Harrer founded the Arbeiterzirkel with Drexler in November 1918, but Drexler was the party' s founder.
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^ He believed that German defeat was due to the betrayal of socialists who had made the November Revolution.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

.Unlike Drexler and other party members, Hitler was less interested in the "socialist" aspect of "national socialism" beyond moving Social Welfare administration from the Church to the State.^ Unlike some other party members, Hitler was not interested in the “socialist” aspect of National Socialist doctrine.
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^ LMAO! Are you a member of the socialist party?

^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Himself of provincial lower-middle-class origins, he disliked the mass working class of the big cities, and had no sympathy with the notions of attacking private property or the business class (which some early Nazis espoused).^ Heidegger's family was of lower middle class origin.
  • The Case of Martin Heidegger, Philosopher and Nazi 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.wsws.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nazis won their support primarily from the lower middle class and the peasantry.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Big business knows no tradition.
  • Ber Borochov - The National Question and Class Struggle 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.zionismontheweb.org [Source type: Original source]

.For Hitler the twin goals of the party were always German nationalist expansionism and Antisemitism.^ The very word "Nazi" is a German abbreviation for "National Socialist" ( Nationalsozialist ) and the full name of Hitler's political party (translated) was "The National Socialist German Workers' Party" (In German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei ) .
  • CNN Smears 'Right Wing' As Nazis | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ These tea parties remind me of the gatherings German Nazis did in beer halls just before Hitler rose to power.
  • Think Progress » VIDEO: Fox News Signs On To Tea Party Agenda, Aggressively Promotes Anti-Obama Protests 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Well they arn't Nazi's they are just German soldiers the Nazi's were a policical party, the Whermahct was the regular Army, the Gestapo were Nazi secret police, and the SS were hitlers personal army.

.These two goals were fused in his mind by his belief that Germany's external enemies - Britain, France and the Soviet Union - were controlled by the Jews, and that Germany's future wars of national expansion would necessarily entail a war against the Jews.^ Secret War Against the Jews, pp.

^ Great-Britain, France and their allies declare war against Germany.
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^ These two goals were fused in his mind by his belief that Germany’s external enemies – Britain, France, and (later) the Soviet Union – were controlled by the Jews, and that Germany’s future wars of national expansion would necessarily entail a war against the Jews.
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[13] .For Hitler and his principal lieutenants, national and racial issues were always dominant.^ For Hitler and his principal lieutenants, national and racial issues were always dominant.
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^ There is the example of China where armed struggle was the principal form of the national struggle against the domination of the country by foreign capitalists and domestic reaction.
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^ Hitler’s problem with the Jews was more of a political issue than a racial issue, although he exploited the centures old prejudice against Jews.
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.This was symbolised by the adoption as the party emblem of the swastika or Hakenkreuz, at the time widely used in the western world.^ This was symbolised by the adoption as the party emblem of the swastika or Hakenkreuz, of Indian origin and supposedly a symbol of the “ Aryan ” race.
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^ Toland asserts that when the leader of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party adopted the swastika, it was already in use as a symbol for a socialist group, a fact known by Hitler when selecting the symbol.
  • Nazism, National Socialist German Workers' Party & its alphabeticsymbolism in the Swastika http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg HakenkreuzSecrets, Fylfot, Hook-Cross, Ugunskrust, Sanskrit, Sauwastika, Triskelion,Wolfsangel, Whirling Winds, Sun Wheel, Socialist Secrets, Socialism Secrets,Hakenkreuz Secrets, Wholecaust, Wholecaust, Holocaust, Pledge of Allegiance,Francis Bellamy, Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward, Julian West, James Upham,Youths Companion, Nationalism, Socialist Revolution, Theosophical, Theosophy,Blavatsky 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC rexcurry.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The only fault of Swastika lies in its adoption by Hitler and his Nazi Party and it being used as the prominent emblem of the party and Hitler used to wear swastika on his arm band.
  • How did Hitler come to adopt the Indian (sacred hindu) symbol of swastika as his party symbol? - Yahoo! Answers 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.In German nationalist circles, the swastika was considered a symbol of an "Aryan race". The Swastika symbolized the replacement of the Christian Cross with allegiance to a National Socialist State.^ "German restitution for National Socialist crimes".
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^ So, the Fleur de Lys can also be considered a German and Austrian national symbol.
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^ "The party parliament of democracy will be replaced by the economic parliament (7) of the National-Socialist State.
  • Nazi-Sozi Questions and Answers / Dr. Jospeh Goebbels - Stormfront 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

.During 1921 and 1922, the Nazi Party grew significantly, partly through Hitler's oratorical skills, partly through the SA's appeal to unemployed young men, and partly because there was a backlash against socialist and liberal politics in Bavaria as Germany's economic problems deepened and the weakness of the Weimar regime became apparent.^ Hitler's economic policy did solve the problem of unemployment.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Adventists believed that Hitler was for religious freedom, while the Nazi Party was against it.

^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The party recruited former World War I soldiers, to whom Hitler as a decorated frontline veteran could particularly appeal, small businessmen and disaffected former members of rival parties.^ The party recruited former World War I soldiers, to whom Hitler as a decorated frontline veteran could particularly appeal, small businessmen and disaffected former socialists.
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^ He said the father of Labour Party leader Jack Straw, who also appeared on the program, had spent the war years "in prison for refusing to fight Adolf Hitler."
  • 'I am not a Nazi,' National Party leader says on BBC - CNN.com 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Drexler, an avid German nationalist, had been a member of the militarist Fatherland Party during World War I, and was bitterly opposed to the armistice of November 1918 and to the left-wing and Communist revolutionary upheavals that followed in its wake.
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.Nazi rallies were often held in beer halls where downtrodden men could get free beer.^ Adolf Hitler speaks to the widow of a Nazi party member who died during the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch 413 X 640 52 KB .
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^ Historic town where enormous Nazi rallies were held in 1935.
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^ The Catholic Church often felt that they could not oppose the Nazi Government.
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.The Hitler Youth was formed for the children of party members, although it remained small until the late 1920s.^ The Hitler Youth was formed for the children of party members, although it remained small until the late 1920s.
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^ Hitler was not challenged until too late.
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^ Hitler soon discovered that he had talent as an orator, and his ability to draw new members, combined with his characteristic ruthlessness, soon made him the dominant figure in a small party.
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.The party also formed groups in other parts of Germany.^ The party also formed groups in other parts of Germany.
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^ Like other groups, the DAP advocated völkisch ideology – the belief that Germany should become a unified “national community” (Volksgemeinschaft) rather than a society divided along class and party lines.
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^ Socialist Party of America: Encyclopedia II - Democracy - Advantages and disadvantages of democracy All democracies (and every other form of government) have certain structural defects, which are related to the nature of democracy.

.Julius Streicher in Nuremberg was an early recruit.^ Julius Streicher in Nuremberg was an early recruit.
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^ Julius Streicher paraphrasing John 8:44 as his justification for extermination (Trial of The Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 1945, Vol.
  • Hitler's Henchmen and Nazi Sympathizers 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Julius Streicher, the ninth child of a Roman Catholic primary school teacher, also became a school teacher in Nuremberg.
  • Hitler's Henchmen and Nazi Sympathizers 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Others to join the party at this time were former army officer Ernst Röhm, who became head of the SA, World War I flying ace Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler.^ World War II (Who was Nazi and who was not.
  • Croats brag about their Nazi past. 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.srpska-mreza.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Others to join the party at this time were a former army officer Ernst Röhm , who became head of the SA, World War I flying ace Hermann Göring , and Heinrich Himmler .
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^ The murder of Ernst Röhm and the leadership of the SA, assured the army of its position.
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.In December 1920 the party acquired a newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter.^ In December 1920 the party acquired a newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter [6] .
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^ In the name of the Thule Gessellschaft Sebottendorf bought the newspaper Vlkischer Beobachter --which later became the official Nazi Party journal.
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^ The organizational consequences of the vote was that 300,000 out of 890,000 Independents joined the new Communist Party in December 1920.
  • The Comintern and German communism (by L. Proyect) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In 1922, a party with remarkably similar policies and objectives came into power in Italy, the National Fascist Party under the leadership of the charismatic Benito Mussolini.^ Hitler came into power in 33.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why Hitler Came into Power.
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^ The party policies included dictatorial powers for the party leadership, fanatical nationalism, and racial hatred.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

.The Fascists like the Nazis, promoted a national rebirth of their country; opposed communism and liberalism; appealed to the working-class; opposed the Treaty of Versailles; and advocated the territorial expansion of their country.^ Socialism is the doctrine of liberation for the working class.
  • Those Damned Nazis (1932) 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Nazis were fascist, communism and fascism are incompatible.
  • Right-Wing Conference: Why Obama Is A Nazi 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC digg.com [Source type: General]

^ The working class has no national flag.

.The Italian Fascists used a straight-armed Roman salute and wore black-shirted uniforms.^ At this time the Nazi salute (borrowed from the Italian fascists) and the greeting “Heil Hitler!” were adopted throughout the party.
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^ From the early spring of 1921, the Fascists, the Black Shirts, carried out a systematic terrorist campaign against the Socialist and Communist groups.
  • Fascist Italy 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Aryan Salute, the right arm extended forward with an open hand, is an ancient greeting first used by warriors to designate an absence of ready weapons and hostility.
  • National Socialism Primer - Stormfront 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hitler was inspired by Mussolini and the Fascists and borrowed their use of the straight-armed salute as a Nazi salute.^ They pointed to Hitler's ally Mussolini , who had embraced Futurism , a form of Cubism, for his fascist dictatorship in Italy.
  • CRF-USA - BRIA 13 2 b The Suppression of Art in Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.crf-usa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nazi propaganda Nazi mysticism Nazi architecture Hitler salute Mein Kampf Swastika Völkisch movement Antisemitism Führer Neo-Nazism Fascism .

^ At this time the Nazi salute (borrowed from the Italian fascists) and the greeting “Heil Hitler!” were adopted throughout the party.
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.When the Fascists came to power in 1922 in Italy through their coup attempt called the "March on Rome", Hitler began planning his own coup which would materialize one year later.^ Hitler came into power in 33.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why Hitler Came into Power.
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^ Mussolinis Fascists march on Rome.
  • The World at War 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC worldatwar.net [Source type: Original source]

.In January 1923 France occupied the Ruhr industrial region as a result of Germany's failure to meet its reparations payments.^ In January 1923 the French occupied the Ruhr industrial region as a result of Germany’s failure to meet its reparations payments.
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^ The West: French and Belgian troops occupy the industrial region of Ruhr.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Page 2 - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The French reacted by occupying the Ruhr, a major industrial area of Germany, in January 1923.
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

.This led to economic chaos, the resignation of Wilhelm Cuno's government and an attempt by the Communist Party (KPD) to stage a revolution.^ On the basis of this speech," Franz Borkenau writes, the Communist Party started a so-called Schlageter campaign, which led to a number of public discussions between leading Communists and outstanding Nazis about the aims of the impending German revolution."
  • Nazi and Communist Collaboration In Germany During The-by PipeLineNews.org 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.pipelinenews.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All important government and police offices were filled by party members; the communist fighting groups were suppressed, the nationalist ones were privileged.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Revolution does not stop at the proletarian dictatorship but continues as political clashes in the cultural, social, and economic spheres throughout each successive stage on the way to classless society.
  • Permanent Revolution in the U.S. Today 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.socialism.com [Source type: Original source]

.The reaction to these events was an upsurge of nationalist sentiment.^ The reaction to these events was an upsurge of nationalist and extreme right-wing sentiment.
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^ In the nature of things, these invading armies, bringing with them an alien ideology, produced hostility and resistance against that ideology, a militant nationalist reaction.
  • Authentic German Liberalism of the 19th Century - Ralph Raico - Mises Institute 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC mises.org [Source type: Original source]

^ From these sentiments arise multifarious fantastic nationalistic ideologies, which are prone to obscure the national consciousness and emphasize the antagonism between it and class-consciousness.
  • Ber Borochov - The National Question and Class Struggle 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.zionismontheweb.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nazi Party membership grew sharply, to about 20,000.[14] By November, Hitler had decided that the time was right for an attempt to seize power in Munich, in the hope that the Reichswehr (the post-war German army) would mutiny against the Berlin government and join his revolt.^ So, the German government has been fighting the battle with Nazis and their gang/political party for a long time, even after the war.
  • Wolfenstein PC Recalled in Germany - Tom's Hardware 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.tomshardware.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To some Germans, international Jewry had joined the war against Germany.
  • Hugh Murray "Affirmative Action and the Nazis" 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.anthonyflood.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hitler and his Nazis joined with General Erich Ludendorff (1865-1937) and his conservative nationalist followers in an attempt to seize power in Munich.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.In this he was influenced by former General Erich Ludendorff, who had become a supporter though not a member of the Nazis.^ In this he was influenced by former General Erich Ludendorff , who had become a supporter though not a member of the Nazis.
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^ Many Nazi supporters were former communist supporters.
  • OPEN THREAD: Obama Nazi Healthcare logo. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ If he supports Israel, he easily becomes a Nazi.
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.On the night of 8 November, the Nazis used a patriotic rally in a Munich beer hall to launch an attempted putsch (coup d'état).^ With Hitler he participated in the frustrated Munich Beer Hall putsch of 1923.
  • P2 - The Nazi Party, the Thule Society, the Occult, and German Freemasonry 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freemasonrywatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On November 8, 1923, Hitler held a rally at a Munich beer hall and proclaimed a revolution.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the night of 8 November, the Nazis used a patriotic rally in a Munich beer hall to launch an attempted putsch (coup d’etat).
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.The so-called Beer Hall Putsch attempt failed almost at once when the local Reichswehr commanders refused to support it.^ The "Beer Hall putsch" fails.
  • The World at War 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC worldatwar.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Adolf Hitler attempts Beer Hall Putsch .

^ The Beer Hall Putsch was a miserable failure.
  • S. Twogood, The Munich Post: its undiscovered effects on Hitler 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.history.ucsb.edu [Source type: General]

.On the morning of 9 November the Nazis staged a march of about 2,000 supporters through Munich in an attempt to rally support.^ What about the Nazis that attempted to assassinate Hitler?

^ On the morning of 9 November the Nazis staged a march of about 2,000 supporters through Munich in an attempt to rally support.
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^ General Ludendorff supported the former corporal in the Beer Hall Putsch of November 1923 in Munich, an attempt to overthrow the Bavarian government.
  • History of Germany, The Third Reich, 1933-45 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC motherearthtravel.com [Source type: Original source]

.Troops opened fire and 16 Nazis were killed.^ Troops opened fire and 16 Nazis were killed.
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^ Shots were fired, 16 Nazis were killed, and Hitler, and his aid Rudolf Hess, were arrested.
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^ In some of these encounters the troops were hostile and fired on order, killing a number of workers.
  • Russian Revolution of 1917, series of events in imperial Russia that culminated in 1917 with the establishment of the Soviet state that became known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.emayzine.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hitler, Ludendorff and a number of others were arrested, and were tried for treason in March 1924. Hitler and his associates were given very lenient prison sentences.^ Hitler and his associates were given lenient prison sentences.
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^ Hitler and Ludendorff were subsequently arrested.
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^ Hitler, Hess, Ludendorff, and a number of others were arrested, and were tried for treason in March 1924.
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.While Hitler was in prison he wrote his semi-autobiographical political manifesto Mein Kampf ("My Struggle").^ Below is a quote from Hitler's Mein Kampf.
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^ In Mein Kampf Hitler outlined his political philosophy.

^ Hitler's publisher reduced it to My Struggle ( Mein Kampf ).

[15]
.The Nazi Party was banned, though with support of the nationalist Völkisch-Social Bloc ("Völkisch-Sozialer Block"), the Nazi party continued to operate under the name of the "German Party" (Deutsche Partei or DP) from 1924 to 1925.[16] The Nazis failed to remain unified in the German Party, as in the north, the right-wing Volkish nationalist supporters of the Nazis moved to the new German Völkisch Freedom Party, leaving the north's left-wing Nazi members, such as Joseph Goebbels retaining support for the party.^ Joseph Goebbels urged Germans to leave the Communist Party and join the Nazis.
  • Barack Obama: Administrator. A History of Today. 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.nolanchart.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nazis are, and always have been left wing.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The German Catholic Church has rescinded its ban on joining the Nazi Party.
  • Pictures illustrate Nazi link to Catholic church and Vatican 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC emperors-clothes.com [Source type: Original source]

[17]

Rise to power: 1925-1933

Hitler with Nazi Party members in 1930.
.Adolf Hitler was released in December 1924. In the following year he re-founded and reorganized the Nazi Party, with himself as its undisputed Leader.^ A new phase began with Hitler's release from goal in December 1924.
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^ After he is released from prison, Hitler reorganises the Party.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In February 1925, he refounded and reorganised the Nazi Party, with himself as its undisputed leader.
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.The new Nazi Party was no longer a paramilitary organization, and disavowed any intention of taking power by force.^ By 1945 the Nazi Party and the Nazi state were no longer capable of separation.
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^ It is no longer a Stalinist party.
  • International Socialist Review 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nazi Party Organization Book (1940) .
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.In any case, the economic and political situation had stabilized and the extremist upsurge of 1923 had faded, so there was no prospect of further revolutionary adventures.^ In any case, the economic and political situation had stabilised and the extremist upsurge of 1923 had faded, so there was no prospect of further revolutionary adventures.
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^ There is no comparison between the political system in Germany in 1937 and the U.S. in...

^ In our current situation, another 50 active, politically integrated comrades would make an enormous difference, let alone a further 100.
  • The Socialist Revolution and the Revolutionary Party | DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST PERSPECTIVE 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.dsp.org.au [Source type: Original source]

.The Nazi Party of 1925 was divided into the "Leadership Corps" (Korps der politischen Leiter), appointed by Hitler, and the general membership (Parteimitglieder).^ The Nazi Party has a membership of 178,000.

^ The Nazi Party of 1925 was divided into the Leadership Corps (Korps der politischen Leiter), appointed by Hitler, and the general membership (Parteimitglieder).
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^ Go into the funding of the Nazi party.

.The party and the SA were kept separate and the legal aspect of the party's work was emphasized.^ The party and the SA were kept separate and the legal aspect of the party’s work was emphasised.
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^ Besides, the Germans say, any works legally imported before 1972 can be kept under the terms of a Unesco convention.
  • Monumental Mission | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ Steele’s broadside comes as top-level Democrats are working to portray Limbaugh as the face of the GOP and daring anybody in the party to separate themselves from him.
  • Michelle Malkin » A note to Michael Steele; Update: Steele agrees that GOP convention looked like “Nazi Germany;” Update: A non-apology apology 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC michellemalkin.com [Source type: General]

.In a sign of this, the party began to admit women.^ In a sign of this, the party began to admit women.
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^ But in a few years, local socialist women's organizations, and a national magazine, Socialist Woman , began bringing more women into the party, so that by 1913, 15 percent of the membership was women.
  • The Socialist Challenge by Howard Zinn 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC historyisaweapon.com [Source type: Original source]

.The SA and the SS (founded in April 1925 as Hitler's bodyguard, commanded by Himmler) were described as "support groups", and all members of these groups had first to become regular party members.^ And the committee consisted of all the party members.
  • MEIN KAMPF by Adolf Hitler - THE FIRST STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We support Nationalism for all ethnic groups.
  • Nazi.org: National Socialist Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.nazi.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Member of SA and SS. T4 driver.
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.The party's nominal Deputy Leader was Rudolf Hess, but he had no real power in the party.^ The party’s nominal Deputy Leader was Rudolf Hess , but he had no real power in the party.
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^ Arnold, Stimson, and Knox soon realized they had no power to compare with that of Standard."

^ To many socialists, Germany's large industrial working class and powerful socialist party made it a country where socialist revolution was a real possibility.
  • William Smaldone | Socialist Paths in a Capitalist Conundrum: Reconsidering the German Catastrophe of 1933 | Journal of World History, 18.3 | The History Cooperative 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

.By the early 1930s the senior leaders of the party after Hitler were Himmler, Goebbels and Göring.^ By the early 1930s the senior leaders of the party after Hitler were Himmler, Goebbels, Göring, and Röhm.
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^ The party's last leader was Adolf Hitler.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ Admiral attended Hitler's Briefing in 1944 regarding final stages of war: with Goring, Goebbels, Speer, Bormann and Himmler.
  • Other nazis: Important and Famous People in the Nazi Party and Military During WWII and the Holocaust or Shoah 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.shoaheducation.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beneath the Leadership Corps were the party's regional leaders, the Gauleiter, each of whom commanded the party in his Gau ("region").^ Beneath the Leadership Corps were the party’s regional leaders, the Gauleiters , each of whom commanded the party in his "Gau" (region).
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^ Both men wanted to take over the former Nazi Party headquarters in Munich—Patton for his regional Third Army command center, Rorimer for processing artwork.
  • Monumental Mission | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: General]

^ On the afternoon of January 30 Hitler addressed the assembled leadership corps of the locals from outside Munich at party headquarters.
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.There were 98 Gaue for Germany and an additional seven for Austria, the Sudetenland (in Czechoslovakia), Danzig and the Saarland (then under French occupation).^ Austria and Sudetenland join to Germany.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There were 34 Gaue for Germany and an additional seven for Austria , the Sudetenland (in Czechoslovakia ), Danzig and the Saarland (then under French occupation).
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^ To the north, Germany was bounded by the North Sea , Denmark , and the Baltic Sea; to the east, it was divided into two and bordered Lithuania , The Free City of Danzig , Poland and Czechoslovakia; to the south, it bordered Austria and Switzerland and to the west, it touched France, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands , the Rhineland and Saarland .
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.Joseph Goebbels began his ascent through the party hierarchy as Gauleiter of Berlin-Brandenburg in 1926. Streicher was Gauleiter of Franconia, where he published his anti-Semitic newspaper Der Stürmer.^ Advertising for the party's meetings appeared in anti-Semitic newspapers.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shame she belongs to an anti-semitic party, but so what?
  • Harry's Place » SWP Activist Appointed Government Advisor 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Joseph Goebbels began his ascent through the party hierarchy as Gauleiter of Berlin-Brandenburg in 1926.
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.Beneath the Gauleiter were lower-level officials, the Kreisleiter ("county leaders"), Zellenleiter ("cell leaders") and Blockleiter ("block leaders").^ "Tasks of Cell and Block Leaders" : A 1936 article on low level propagandists.
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^ Beneath the Leadership Corps were the party’s regional leaders, the Gauleiters , each of whom commanded the party in his "Gau" (region).
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^ Beneath the Gauleiters were lower-level officials, the Kreisleiter (County Leader), Ortsgruppenleiter (Local Group Leader), Zellenleiter (Cell Leader) and Blockleiter (Block Leader).
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.This was a strictly hierarchical structure in which orders flowed from the top and unquestioning loyalty was given to superiors.^ This was a strictly hierarchical structure in which orders flowed from the top and unquestioning loyalty was given to superiors.
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^ A And orders given to us by our superior officers.
  • Nazi Saboteur Commission, vol. 16 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.soc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Only the SA retained some autonomy.^ Only the SA retained some autonomy.
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^ The state apparatus retained some autonomy at least until 1938, when Hitler appointed several Nazis to key offices, such as the foreign ministry.
  • E.5. The Functioning of the Nazi Regime: State and Society 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.colby.edu [Source type: Original source]
  • E.5. The Functioning of the Nazi Regime: State and Society 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.colby.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The SA was composed largely of unemployed workers, and many SA men took the Nazis' socialist rhetoric seriously.^ The SA was composed largely of unemployed workers, and many SA men took the Nazis’ “socialist” rhetoric seriously.
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^ The very word "Nazi" is a German abbreviation for "National Socialist" ( Nationalsozialist ) and the full name of Hitler's political party (translated) was "The National Socialist German Workers' Party" (In German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei ) .
  • CNN Smears 'Right Wing' As Nazis | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ Many of the 700,000 members of this working-class militia took the “socialist” element of National Socialism seriously, and soon began to demand that the Nazi regime broaden its attack from SPD and KPD activists and Jews to include the capitalist system as a whole.
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At this time, the Hitler salute (borrowed from the Italian fascists) and the greeting "Heil Hitler!" were adopted throughout the party.
NSDAP election poster in Vienna in 1930. Translation: "We demand freedom and bread".
.
Political poster for the November, 1932 Reichstag election.
^ This poster was by "Mjölnir," It is from 1932, probably from the November Reichstag election, but I am not absolutely sure.
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^ This poster is for the 5 March 1933 Reichstag election.
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^ This vivid poster is from the November 1932 election.
  • Early Nazi Posters 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

"Das Volk wählt Liste 1 Nationalsozialisten Reichstagswahl." Translation: "The people are voting for list 1, the Nazis, at the Reichstag election."
.The Nazis contested elections to the national parliament, the Reichstag, and to the state legislatures, the Landtags, from 1924, although at first with little success.^ The Nazis contested elections to the national parliament, the Reichstag , and to the state legislatures, the Landtags, from 1924, although at first with little success.
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^ However, the Nazis did not refer to their State as "Nazi Germany" or "National Socialist Germany", and such titles never appeared in official publications.

^ Background: This pamphlet, issued around May of 1932, (before the July Reichstag election), outlines the official Nazi positions on economic policy.
  • NSDAP Economic Program (1932) 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The "National-Socialist Freedom Movement" polled 3% of the vote in the December 1924 Reichstag elections, and this fell to 2.6% in 1928.^ This, in a nutshell, is the history of the National Socialist Movement.
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^ Allow the National Socialists to participate in elections.
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^ The National Socialist movement is moving forward again.
  • Nazi Lauck NSDAP-AO Nazi Questions and Answers 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.auschwitz.biz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.State elections produced similar results.^ State elections produced similar results.
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^ But many of them are ultimately diagnosed with Reactive Attachment Disorder and others similar emotional problems as a direct result of state efforts to undermine their bonds with their parents.
  • VOCAL of Missouri, Inc. 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC movocal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ R ight now—not only in the United States, but especially there, with the recent election results—a new Conservative Revolution movement has crystallized internationally.
  • Fidelio Article - Schiller Institute --The Case of Martin Heidegger 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.schillerinstitute.org [Source type: Original source]

.Despite these poor results, and despite Germany's relative political stability and prosperity during the later 1920s, the Nazi Party continued to grow.^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite the poor election results, the Nazi Party still showed a sturdy growth in these years.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Germany during this period is also referred to as Nazi Germany .
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.This was partly because Hitler, who had no administrative ability, left the party organization to the head of the secretariat, Philipp Bouhler, the party treasurer Franz Xaver Schwarz and business manager Max Amann.^ This was partly because Hitler, who had no administrative ability, left the party organisation to three competent officials.
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^ It was the Left who were on Hitler's side, not the conservatives.
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC jonjayray.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
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  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Schwarz, Franz Xaver, 1930 .
  • Adolf Hitler Collection, 1912-1946 (bulk 1933-1940): Finding Aid 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC diglib.princeton.edu [Source type: General]

.The party had a capable propaganda head in Gregor Strasser, who was promoted to national organizational leader in January 1928. These men gave the party efficient recruitment and organizational structures.^ These men gave the party efficient recruitment and organisational structures.
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^ The heads of national districts with the rank of a district leader.
  • The Avalon Project : Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume IV - Document No. 2319-PS 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The party also had a very capable propaganda head in Gregor Strasser , who was promoted to national organisational leader in January 1928.
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.The party also owed its growth to the gradual fading away of competitor nationalist groups, such as the DNVP.^ The party also owed its growth to the gradual fading away of competitor groups on the right, such as the DNVP .
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^ Jew in the anti-immigrant Freedom Party could improve his group’s standing in the Parliament, which routinely deals with such issues as human rights, xenophobia and anti-Semitism.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All important government and police offices were filled by party members; the communist fighting groups were suppressed, the nationalist ones were privileged.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

.As Hitler became the recognized head of the German nationalists, other groups declined or were absorbed.^ As Hitler became the recognised head of the German far right, other groups declined or were absorbed.
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^ Hitler, like many other Germans didn’t believe they were defeated by Great Britain and the U.S. in 1918.
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION IN HISTORY If there was one Christian group which rejected the Hitler-led German National Socialist State without compromise, it was the Jehovah's Witnesses.
  • Spiritual Resistance of Christian Conviction in Nazi Germany: The Case of the Jehovah's Witnesses 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.jehovah.to [Source type: Original source]

.The party expanded in the 1920s beyond its Bavarian base.^ The party also expanded successfully in the 1920s beyond its Bavarian base.
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.Catholic Bavaria maintained its right-wing ennui for a Catholic monarch, and Westphalia, along with working-class "Red Berlin", were always the Nazis' weakest areas electorally, and even during the Third Reich itself.^ The right wing's tactics had worked.

^ Um, greg -- the Nazis were RIGHT wing.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ian Kershaw, Popular Opinion and Political Dissent in the Third Reich: Bavaria 1933-1945, Oxford 2.
  • Historisches Lexikon Bayerns - Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), 1920-1923/1925-1945 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.historisches-lexikon-bayerns.de [Source type: Academic]

.The areas of strongest Nazi support were in rural Protestant areas, such as Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Pomerania and East Prussia.^ It was strongest in rural Germany and among Protestants and the lower middle class, giving it a base in Schleswig-Holstein , Mecklenburg , Pomerania , and East Prussia .
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^ In religion, most of the Nazis' supporters were Protestants.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazis eventually developed their strongest support from Prussia, Pomerania, Silesia, Holstein, and Mecklenburg.
  • Interpol's Nazi Affiliations Continued After War 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Depressed working-class areas such as Thuringia also gave a strong Nazi vote, while the workers of the Ruhr and Hamburg largely remained loyal to the SPD, the KPD or the Catholic Centre Party.^ The Centre Party voted with the Nazi-led coalition government.
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^ The Nazi party began as the German Workers' Party.
  • CNN Smears 'Right Wing' As Nazis | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ On July 31, the people voted and gave the Nazis 13,745,000 votes, 37% of the total, granting them 230 seats in the Reichstag.
  • Rise of Nazi Germany - Page 2 - Rapture Ready 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.rr-bb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nuremberg remained a party stronghold, and the first Nuremberg Rally was held there in 1927. These rallies soon became massive displays of Nazi paramilitary power, and attracted many recruits.^ Nazi Party rally ground (Zeppelin field) in Nuremberg.
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^ National Socialists held their so-called Party Rallies in the Luitpoldhain in Nuremberg.

^ Standards such as these flew over the Stormtroopers in many a pitched street battle in their fourteen-year struggle for power, and were later prominently displayed at the immense mass-rallies that characterized the Third Reich.
  • PzG - Nazi flags of Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich flag! 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.nazi-flags.com [Source type: Reference]

.The Nazis' strongest appeal was to the lower middle-class – farmers, public servants, teachers, small businessmen – who had suffered most from the inflation of the 1920s and who feared Bolshevism more than anything else.^ The Nazis won their support primarily from the lower middle class and the peasantry.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who is acting more like a Nazi?
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^ We are the most oppressed--and more than that.
  • Permanent Revolution in the U.S. Today 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.socialism.com [Source type: Original source]

.The small business class were receptive to Hitler's anti-Semitism, since they blamed Jewish big business for their economic problems.^ First big problem: Tiso was virulently anti-semitic.
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^ The small business class were receptive to Hitler’s anti-Semitism, since some blamed “Jewish big business” for their economic problems.
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^ Hitler had strong anti-semitic sentiment.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

.University students, disappointed at being too young to have served in World War I and attracted by the Nazis' radical rhetoric, also became a strong Nazi constituency.^ University students, disappointed at being too young to have served in World War I and attracted by the Nazis’ radical rhetoric, also became a strong Nazi constituency.
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^ Nazi activities of World War II. .
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^ Not since pictures of concentration camp victims in Nazi Germany emerged after World War Two had the world seen anything like the images that came out of Biafra.
  • Nazi Party | Related Topics | National Post 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.nationalpost.com [Source type: General]

.By 1929 the party had 130,000 members.^ By 1929 the party had 130,000 members.
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^ In the period from 1948 to 1952 alone, more than 200,000 Party members, or half the original membership of the Yugoslav Communist Party, were expelled.
  • Is Yugoslavia a Socialist Country? 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.marx2mao.net [Source type: Original source]

^ It had perhaps 50-100,000 individual members and perhaps similar numbers in affiliated trade unions and parties.

[18]
.Despite these strengths, the Nazi Party might never have come to power had it not been for the Great Depression and its effects on Germany.^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She may never have been a member of the Nazi party...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazi party was now the largest and most powerful in Germany.
  • Rise of Nazi Germany - Page 2 - Rapture Ready 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.rr-bb.com [Source type: Original source]

.By 1930 the German economy was beset with mass unemployment and widespread business failures.^ By 1930 the German economy was plunged into crisis with mass unemployment and widespread business failures.
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^ The German governments from 1929 to 1933 failed to solve any of the grave economic problems of the day: mass unemployment, inflation and industrial slump.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Refocusing the German economy on the domestic market can succeed only if the masses of the people have sufficient purchasing strength to absorb the increased production.
  • NSDAP Economic Program (1932) 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The SPD and the KPD parties were bitterly divided and unable to formulate an effective solution; this gave the Nazis their opportunity, and Hitler's message, blaming the crisis on the Jewish financiers and the Bolsheviks resonated with wide sections of the electorate.^ The parties of the left, the SPD and the KPD, were bitterly divided and unable to mount an effective opposition.
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^ This gave the Nazis their opportunity, and Hitler’s message, blaming the crisis on the “Jewish financiers” and the Bolsheviks (controlled by the Jews, he said) resonated with wide sections of the electorate.
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^ He was another leading financial supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
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.At the September 1930 Reichstag elections the Nazis won 18.3% of the vote and became the second-largest party in the Reichstag after the SPD. Hitler proved to be a highly effective campaigner, pioneering the use of radio and aircraft for this purpose.^ Elections and Parliaments were to be used for this purpose.

^ After the July elections of 1932, the Nazis were the largest party in the Reichstag, with 230 seats.
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^ NSDAP polls 18.3% of vote in Reichstag elections finishes second to the SDP with 38.2% .
  • The World at War 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC worldatwar.net [Source type: Original source]

.His dismissal of Strasser and appointment of Goebbels as the party’s propaganda chief was a major factor.^ Hitler dismissed Strasser and appointed Goebbels as the party’s propaganda chief.
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^ Nazi propaganda chief Joseph Goebbels launches Radio Werwolf in an effort to bolster German resistance to Allied forces in portions of Nazi Germany occupied by Allies.
  • Howstuffworks "Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945-May 1945" 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Fresno, even membership in the American Nazi Party was not a disqualifying factor in a teaching appointment in the Fresno Schools nor in the local College.
  • Secret Life of An American Nazi - Issues Section - Bulldog News 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.bulldognews.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While Strasser had used his position to promote his own version of national socialism, Goebbels was totally loyal to Hitler and worked only to burnish Hitler's image.^ National socialism is the only practicable socialism.
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While Strasser had used his position to promote his own version of national socialism, Goebbels was totally loyal to Hitler and worked only to burnish Hitler’s image.
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^ Our goals as an organization are as follows: Develop and popularize a modern form of National Socialism Promote this ideal among the remaining intelligent and assertive people.
  • Nazi.org: National Socialist Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.nazi.org [Source type: Original source]

.The 1930 elections changed the German political landscape by weakening the traditional nationalist parties, the DNVP and the DVP, leaving the Nazis as the chief alternative to the discredited SPD and the Zentrum, whose leader, Heinrich Brüning, headed a weak minority government.^ Weimar government--weak Democratic Party) .

^ In the 1930 election, the Nazis got 107 seats in the government.
  • Rise of Nazi Germany - Page 2 - Rapture Ready 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.rr-bb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1930 elections changed the German political landscape by reducing the importance of the traditional parties of the right, the DNVP and the DVP, leaving the Nazis as an attractive alternative to the discredited SPD and the Zentrum, whose leader, Heinrich Brüning , headed a weak minority government.
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.The inability of the democratic parties to form a united front, the self-imposed isolation of the KPD and the continued decline of the economy all played into Hitler's hands.^ Playing into the Hands of the 'Theory of Stages' .

^ All of you guys need to stop playing into the hands of the democrats.
  • Hot Air » Blog Archive » Laura Ingraham to Steele: Why didn’t you get angry at Hughley’s “Nazi Germany” crack? 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC hotair.com [Source type: General]

^ The inability of the democratic parties to form a united front, the self-imposed isolation of the KPD on the far left, and the continued decline of the economy all played into Hitler’s hands.
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.He now came to be seen as de facto leader of the opposition, and donations poured into the Nazi Party's coffers.^ He now came to be seen as the de facto leader of the opposition, and donations poured into the Nazi Party’s coffers.
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^ Nazi Party and Nazi government leaders and officials .
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^ Finally, at the end of 1938 the German Red Cross officially came under the control of the Nazi Party under the Ministry of the Interior's Social Welfare Organization, becoming de facto a Nazi entity.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Political and Civil Flags of the Third Reich 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

.Some major business figures such as Fritz Thyssen were Nazi supporters and gave generously,[19] but many other businessmen were suspicious of the extreme nationalist tendencies of the Nazis and preferred to support the traditional conservative parties instead.^ Some business figures such as Fritz Thyssen were Nazi supporters and gave generouslygenerously, [9] but most were traditional conservatives who saw Hitler as a dangerous demagogue and the Nazis as another variety of socialists, and remained aloof.
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^ In looking at the Nazis and abortion, and abortion in general, many: .
  • lifeissues.net | The Abortion and Eugenics Policies of Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.lifeissues.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Fritz Thyssen was also one of the leading backers of the Nazi Party.
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[20]
.During 1931 and into 1932, Germany's political crisis deepened.^ During 1931 and into 1932 Germany’s political crisis deepened.
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^ Reel 77 / Folder 1568 NSDAP. Verhalten der Nationalsozialisten 1931-1932.Police proceedings re clashes with political opponents (Socialists, Communists).
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^ This complete Weltanschauung found during the Renaissance its way even into Germany, which was so far behind in its civilisation compared to the Latin countries.
  • Martin Luther - Hitler's Spiritual Ancestor by Peter F. Wiener 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.tentmaker.org [Source type: Original source]

.In March 1932 Hitler ran for President against the incumbent President Paul von Hindenburg, polling 30.1% in the first round and 36.8% in the second against Hindenburg's 49 and 53%.^ Paul von Hindenburg (President) .
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^ In March 1932 Hitler ran for President against the incumbent President Paul von Hindenberg , polling 30.1 percent in the first round and 36.8 percent in the second.
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^ In 1932, Hitler ran for President and won 30% of the vote, forcing the eventual victor, Paul von Hindenburg, into a runoff election.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.By now the SA had 400,000 members and its running street battles with the SPD and KPD paramilitaries (who also fought each other) reduced some German cities to combat zones.^ By now the SA had 400,000 members and its running street battles with the SPD and KPD paramilitaries (who also fought each other) reduced German cities to a state of near anarchy.
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^ Less than a year later, Rhm attempted, along with other top SA members, a military coup against the elected government of Hitler.
  • Third Reich Videos - Videos aus dem Dritten Reich 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.nazi.org.uk [Source type: General]

^ Not only did Hitler receive more than 18 percent of the presidential vote in 1931 and more than 36 percent in 1932, but also by 1932, the Nazi Party had 800,000 members and Hitler commanded 400,0000 battle-hardened storm troopers.
  • International Socialist Review 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

.Paradoxically, although the Nazis were among the main instigators of this disorder, part of Hitler's appeal to a frightened and demoralised middle class was his promise to restore law and order.^ Paradoxically, although the Nazis were among the main instigators of this disorder, part of Hitler’s appeal to a frightened and demoralised middle class was his promise to restore law and order.
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^ Germans voted for Hitler primarily because of his promises to revive the economy (by unspecified means), to restore German greatness and overturn the Treaty of Versailles , and to save Germany from Bolshevism.
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^ The Nazis’ strongest appeal was to the lower middle-class – farmers, public servants, teachers, small businessmen – who had suffered most from the inflation of the 1920s and who feared Bolshevism more than anything else.
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.Overt anti-Semitism was played down in official Nazi rhetoric, but was never far from the surface.^ It was never about the anti-Semitism.
  • Probing IBM's Nazi connection - CNET News 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

^ Overt anti-Semitism was played down in official Nazi rhetoric, but was never far from the surface.
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^ You and all anti-Semites are Nazis.
  • RonRosenbaum.com » Some Differences Between Hamas and the Nazi Party 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Germans voted for Hitler primarily because of his promises to revive the economy (by unspecified means), to restore German greatness and overturn the Treaty of Versailles, and to save Germany from communism.^ Germans voted for Hitler primarily because of his promises to revive the economy (by unspecified means), to restore German greatness and overturn the Treaty of Versailles , and to save Germany from Bolshevism.
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^ Do you mean Nazi's, Germans, or Hitler?

^ By 1929, the German economy revived.
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

.On 20 July 1932, the Prussian government was ousted by a coup Preussenschlag and a few days later at the July 1932 Reichstag election the Nazis made another leap forward, polling 37.4% and becoming the largest party in the Reichstag by a wide margin.^ After the July elections of 1932, the Nazis were the largest party in the Reichstag, with 230 seats.
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^ At the July 1932 Reichstag election the Nazis made another leap forward, polling 37.4 percent and becoming the largest party in the Reichstag by a wide margin.
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^ Juli 1932 – Kreiswahlvorschlaege 16-20.
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.Furthermore, the Nazis and the KPD between them won 52% of the vote and a majority of seats.^ Furthermore, the Nazis and the KPD between them won 52 percent of the vote and a majority of seats.
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^ The SLP ran Presidential tickets in every election between 1892 and 1976 (the SLP's final presidential candidate won 9,600 votes in the 1976 race).
  • Politics1 - Director of U.S. Political Parties 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.politicsone.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the support of their conservative nationalist allies, who held 52 seats, the Nazis controlled a majority of the 647 member Reichstag.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since both parties opposed the established political system and neither would join or support any ministry, this made the formation of a majority government impossible.^ What, prey, would be a good system of government?

^ Since both parties opposed democracy and neither would join or support any ministry, this made the formation of a majority government committed to democracy impossible.
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^ In addition, the middle class parties lost support as the German electorate polarized around the left and right wings, thus making majority government in a parliamentary system even more difficult.
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.The result was weak ministries governing by decree.^ The result was weak ministries governing by decree.
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^ Markus: For some reason, Mary, that “pathetic police presence” and those “weak, pacifistic governments” have not resulted in a crime wave among native Europeans.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ IIncludes:1) Official decrees re dissolution and correspondence among ministries and government offices 2) List of public meetings held by NSDAP, Feb.
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.Under Comintern directives, the KPD maintained its policy of treating the SPD as the main enemy, calling them "social fascists", thereby splintering opposition to the Nazis.^ The SPD was attacked as social fascists, indistinguishable from the Nazis.

^ Under Stalin’s orders, the KPD maintained its policy of treating the “social fascist” SPD as the main enemy, creating a fatal division on the left.
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^ But they refused to cooperate — the SPD leaders because they put their faith an alliance with the other liberal parties and the KPD leaders because of the sectarian ultraleftism of the Comintern's "social-fascist" line.
  • The collapse of 'communism' in the USSR: Its causes and significance | DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST PERSPECTIVE 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.dsp.org.au [Source type: Original source]

[21] .Later, both the SPD and the KPD accused each other of having facilitated Hitler's rise to power by their unwillingness to compromise.^ Hitler's rise to power was when?
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^ Comparing Hitler and Stalin in their rise to power .
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Less than a year later, Rhm attempted, along with other top SA members, a military coup against the elected government of Hitler.
  • Third Reich Videos - Videos aus dem Dritten Reich 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.nazi.org.uk [Source type: General]

.Chancellor Franz von Papen called another Reichstag election in November, hoping to find a way out of this impasse.^ In an attempt to gain support for his new government, in July Franz von Papen called another election.

^ Franz von Papen .
  • National Socialist German Workers Party 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.nndb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was used for the November 1932 Reichstag election.
  • Early Nazi Posters 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The result was the same, with the Nazis and the KPD winning 50% of the vote between them and more than half the seats, rendering this Reichstag no more workable than its predecessor.^ The result was the same, with the Nazis and the KPD winning 50 percent of the vote between them and more than half the seats, rendering this Reichstag no more workable than its predecessor.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Furthermore, the Nazis and the KPD between them won 52 percent of the vote and a majority of seats.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ What is more German than nazis?
  • Rammstein’s Nazi Code « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But support for the Nazis had fallen to 33.1%, suggesting that the Nazi surge had passed its peak – possibly because the worst of the Depression had passed, possibly because some middle-class voters had supported Hitler in July as a protest but had now drawn back from the prospect of actually putting him into power.^ Hitler came into power in 33.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Why Hitler Came into Power.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The Nazis won their support primarily from the lower middle class and the peasantry.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Nazis interpreted the result as a warning that they must seize power before their moment passed.^ The Nazis interpreted the result as a warning that they must seize power before their moment passed.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ At the moment they are sleeping, but this will pass.
  • Rammstein’s Nazi Code « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They further point out that a significant majority of Nazi data “satisfies all the criteria of objective and accurate observation and interpretation” (Moe, 6).
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

.Had the other parties united, this could have been prevented, but their shortsightedness made a united front impossible.^ Had the other parties united, this could have been prevented, but their shortsightedness made a united front impossible.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Our foundation Congress decided that such a front could only emerge on the basis of a progressive policy, and in co-operation with the Communist Party.
  • Issue 10 - July/August 1962 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.sacp.org.za [Source type: Original source]

^ The first indications of Nazi politicking came in 1921, when other national socialist and volkisch parties sought to join forces with the Nazis to form a united front.
  • Nazis - No Straw Men 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC jonathanrick.com [Source type: Original source]

Papen, his successor Kurt von Schleicher, and the nationalist press magnate Alfred Hugenberg spent December and January in political intrigues which eventually persuaded President Hindenburg that it was safe to appoint Hitler Reich Chancellor at the head of a cabinet which included only a minority of Nazi ministers, which he did on 30 January 1933.

Federal election results

Date Votes Percentage Seats in Reichstag Background
May 1924 1,918,300 6.5 32 Hitler in prison
December 1924 907,300 3.0 14 Hitler is released from prison
May 1928 810,100 2.6 12  
September 1930 6,409,600 18.3 107 After the financial crisis
July 1932 13,745,800 37.4 230
November 1932 11,737,000 33.1 196
March 1933 17,277,000 43.9 288 After Hitler had become Chancellor

In power: 1933-1945

The flag of the NSDAP "Old Guard", which was used by members of the NSDAP
.On 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was set on fire.^ The Reichstag building set on fire.
  • The World at War 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC worldatwar.net [Source type: Original source]

^ On 27th February, 1933, someone set fire to the Reichstag.
  • Prescott Sheldon Bush and Nazi Germany - The Education Forum 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC educationforum.ipbhost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Feb 27, 1933 - Nazis burn Reichstag building to create crisis atmosphere.
  • The History Place - Holocaust Timeline 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This Reichstag fire was blamed on a communist conspiracy and the KPD's offices were closed, its press banned and leaders were arrested.^ Nazis blame the fire on Communists Feb.
  • The World at War 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC worldatwar.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Hitler’s good luck came with the Reichstag fire, blamed on Jewish Communists, which mobilized his fatherland to rally behind him.
  • Dissident Voice : “Amerika Über Alles” — Our Nazi Nation 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC dissidentvoice.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Reichstag election that followed, the Nazis banned the Communist and Socialist newspapers.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hitler convinced President von Hindenburg to sign the "Reichstag Fire Decree", suspending most of the human rights provided for by the 1919 constitution of the Weimar Republic.^ In a wave of hysteria over the 'Red Peril', President Hindenburg signed a decree suspending the civil liberties guaranteed under the Weimar Constitution.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Paul von Hindenburg (President) .
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most human rights of the constitution of the Weimar Republic were disabled by several Reichsgesetze ("Reich's laws").
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A further decree enabled preventive detention of all communist leaders, amongst many thousands of others.^ However, they dont speak for all attenders of this church, since many of them are still faithful to Scripture and are appalled by their leaders.

^ Although Hitler and Stalin hated each other, the two leaders were similar in many ways.
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This quote was picked up by newspapers all over the world [57] , showing that the Munich Post was the leader of exposing Hitler in his entirety, with a drive that other newspapers did not possess.
  • S. Twogood, The Munich Post: its undiscovered effects on Hitler 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.history.ucsb.edu [Source type: General]

.Since the new government lacked a majority in parliament, Hitler held a new election in March 1933.^ Owing to its lack of a majority, many government initiatives stalled in Parliament.
  • William Smaldone | Socialist Paths in a Capitalist Conundrum: Reconsidering the German Catastrophe of 1933 | Journal of World History, 18.3 | The History Cooperative 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the new government ofctober, Nagy again held the .
  • FACTIONALISM IN THE HUNGARIAN WORKERS (COMMUNIST) PARTY (1945-1956) (REFERENCDE - CIA document 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On March 23, 1933, the Nazi government put forward the Enabling act, giving Hitler the authority to create new laws without parliamentary approval, thus making him the dictator of Germany.
  • Pictures illustrate Nazi link to Catholic church and Vatican 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC emperors-clothes.com [Source type: Original source]

.With the communists eliminated, the Nazis dominated the election with 43.9%, and with their Nationalist (DNVP) allies, achieved a parliamentary majority (51.8%).^ It is important to note that the Allies did not distinguish between Germans and non-Germans or Nationalist Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP), i.e., Nazi Party, status.
  • Implementation of the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ The Communist Workers Party and their allies announced another anti-Klan and anti-Nazi rally for April 17, 1980.
  • Red Tide Rising in the Carolinas 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.knology.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BANU receives 28% of vote in parliamentary elections giving it a plurality but not a majority in the Subranie.
  • The World at War 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC worldatwar.net [Source type: Original source]

.A further decisive step in the Nazi seizure of power (Gleichschaltung) was the "Enabling Act", which granted the cabinet (and therefore Hitler) legislative powers.^ Yes, because he had the power of the Enabling Act.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ These tea parties remind me of the gatherings German Nazis did in beer halls just before Hitler rose to power.
  • Think Progress » VIDEO: Fox News Signs On To Tea Party Agenda, Aggressively Promotes Anti-Obama Protests 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ On March 23, 1933, the Nazi government put forward the Enabling act, giving Hitler the authority to create new laws without parliamentary approval, thus making him the dictator of Germany.
  • Pictures illustrate Nazi link to Catholic church and Vatican 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC emperors-clothes.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Enabling Act effectively abolished the separation of powers, a principle enshrined in the German Constitution.^ Yes, because he had the power of the Enabling Act.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ In German constitution, parliament, the Diet, had no power over the army, it had solely to provide the money.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Hitler now passed the Enabling Act, which gave executive power (power to pass laws) to the cabinet for four years, hereby Hitler made all the decisions (dictator).
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

.As such, the Act represented an amendment to the Constitution and required a two-thirds majority in parliament in order to pass.^ Zentrums bloc vote cemented the two-thirds majority needed to pass the Act.
  • The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Council for Secular Humanism 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Third, anti-republican parties used the fundamental institution of the democratic order, the Parliament, to sabotage and delegitimize the entire system.
  • William Smaldone | Socialist Paths in a Capitalist Conundrum: Reconsidering the German Catastrophe of 1933 | Journal of World History, 18.3 | The History Cooperative 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The constitution set this country up as a republic in order to protect the minority voices from being drowned out by the majority (among other reasons).
  • Supreme Court ruling comes down - Corporations are people with free speech and the protected right to bribe politicians. Let's not even pretend anymore folks, democracy in America is dead. : politics 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.reddit.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hitler needed the votes of the Centre Party, which he obtained after promising certain guarantees to the Centre's chairman (Ludwig Kaas).^ Germans voted for Hitler primarily because of his promises to revive the economy (by unspecified means), to restore German greatness and overturn the Treaty of Versailles , and to save Germany from Bolshevism.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ His freedom party follows the national socialist model of winning votes by promising ‘real’ Austrians great benefits.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This changed in 1928, when the priest Ludwig Kaas became the first cleric to head the party.
  • The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Council for Secular Humanism 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Centre Party's 31 votes, added to the votes of the fragmented middle-class parties, the Nationalists, and the NSDAP itself, gave Hitler the right to rule by decree and to further suspend many civil liberties.^ What right do fascists have to civil liberties .
  • SOCIALIST UNITY » BNP MEMBERSHIP LIST PUBLISHED ON-LINE 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.socialistunity.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ruling classes are not national, but nationalistic.
  • Ber Borochov - The National Question and Class Struggle 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.zionismontheweb.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some prosperous industrialists were convinced by these arguments and gave donations to the Nazi Party, however, the vast majority continued to support other parties, especially the right-wing German Nationalist Peoples Party (DNVP).

.The communists were opposed to the Enabling Act; but the KPD could not vote against it, since it had been banned.^ The Communists had already been banned before the passage of the Enabling Act.
  • Life in Nazi Germany | Socyberty 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The stormtroopers also carried out terrible acts of violence against socialists and communists.

^ Lenin was the first to understand and begin to act against the bureaucratisation of the Communist Party.
  • The collapse of 'communism' in the USSR: Its causes and significance | DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST PERSPECTIVE 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.dsp.org.au [Source type: Original source]

.This left the SPD as the sole party in the Reichstag who stood against the Act, but their votes were not sufficient to block the Act's passing.^ The parliamentary strength of the SPD increased steadily in the pre-war period until the party held the largest number of seats in the the Reichstag of any individual party.
  • Rosa Luxemburg and Marxist politics | Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC links.org.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the September 1930 Reichstag elections the Nazis won 18.3 percent of the vote and became the second-largest party in the Reichstag after the SPD. Hitler proved to be a highly effective campaigner, pioneering the use of new technologies and aircraft for this purpose.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ From just 2.6% in 1928, the NSDAP vote rose dramatically in 1930 to reach 18.3% of the total, making it the second largest party in the Reichstag (parliament) after the SPD ( Sozialdemocratische Partei social democrats).
  • Spatial Analysis of the Nazi Party Vote, 1924-33: Identifying andTracking a Diffusion Process* 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

.As punishment for their dissent, the Social Democrats became the second party banned by the Nazis (on 22 June), following the move of their leadership to Prague.^ I'm going to run down the list here later on in the program, but this party, the Democrat Party and where it's taken this country, the radical left leadership of this party bears much more resemblance to Nazi policies than anything we on the right believe in at all, and I'll go through that list in just a second.
  • Reductio ad Hitlerum: I See Nazis! - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC reason.com [Source type: General]

^ It was the Nazi party that effectively won cross-class support by appealing to widespread nationalistic, anti-Marxist, anti-democratic, anti-Semitic, and socially conservative sentiments while promising to replace the weak Republic with a vibrant "Volksgemeinschaft."
  • William Smaldone | Socialist Paths in a Capitalist Conundrum: Reconsidering the German Catastrophe of 1933 | Journal of World History, 18.3 | The History Cooperative 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the September 1930 Reichstag elections the Nazis won 18.3 percent of the vote and became the second-largest party in the Reichstag after the SPD. Hitler proved to be a highly effective campaigner, pioneering the use of new technologies and aircraft for this purpose.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.The Enabling Act, termed for four years, gave the government the power to enact laws without parliamentary approval, to enact foreign treaties abroad and even to make changes to the Constitution.^ Yes, because he had the power of the Enabling Act.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ To become law, the Enabling act needed a 2/3 parliamentary vote.
  • Pictures illustrate Nazi link to Catholic church and Vatican 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC emperors-clothes.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The act gave the government (and thus effectively the Nazi Party) legislative powers and also authorized it to deviate from the provisions of the constitution for four years.
  • Life in Nazi Germany | Socyberty 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Nazis did not keep their promises to their political allies, banning all other parties just as they had banned the communists and socialists.^ Members of the Nazi Party were in danger of defecting to other political organizations.
  • P2 - The Nazi Party, the Thule Society, the Occult, and German Freemasonry 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freemasonrywatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Reichstag election that followed, the Nazis banned the Communist and Socialist newspapers.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, Hitler and the Nazis HATED socialists and communists.
  • The Green Nazis: Environmentalism in the Third Reich - Minnesotans For Global Warming 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC minnesotansforglobalwarming.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following this, the Nazi government banned the formation of new parties on 14 July 1933, turning Germany into a single-party state.^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The History of the Nazi Party: 1919-1933 .
  • S. Twogood, The Munich Post: its undiscovered effects on Hitler 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.history.ucsb.edu [Source type: General]

^ On 14 July 1933 Germany was officially declared a one-party state.
  • Life in Nazi Germany | Socyberty 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hitler kept the Reichstag as a rubber stamp parliament, while the Reichsrat, though never abolished, was stripped of any effective power.^ Then the Reichstag (government building) was blown up and Hitler ram-rodded an “Emergency Anti-Terrorist Act” through Parliament that gave the Gestapo extraordinary powers.
  • Oy! Noam Chomsky Compares Right-Wing Media To “Nazis” | Online | Mediaite 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.mediaite.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hitler wanted to transfer all legislative power of the Reichstag to himself, but any change in the Constitution required a two-thirds majority in the Reichstag before they could become effective.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Even though Hitler had never received higher education, he had an exceptionally good memory and he could intuitively understand complicated issues.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The legislative bodies of the German states soon followed in the same manner, with the German federal government taking over most state and local legislative powers.^ Tea-partying is inspired by a tax protest prior to the revolutionary war in the U.S. I engage in this activity because I favor a small federal government and larger local autonomy.
  • Bill Press: Town Meeting Protestors 'Taking a Page Right Out of a Nazi Playbook' | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ And I fear that in this the gentleman would not easily succeed.For anything less folkish than most of the Germanic monarchic state formationscan hardly be imagined.
  • Mein Kampf: The First Period of Development of the National Socialist German Workers' Party 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.crusader.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Jost and the German Adventist leaders believed they had done their duty in the United States and hoped the Nazi government would be more lenient towards the Adventist denomination.

.Germany had a policy instituted by Bismarck called "Kulturkampf". This policy was an attempt to "modernize" the German people by moving the culture away from Catholic values to Government inspired values.^ Many of these Germans were part of the government civil or military service, a circumstance which enabled them to engage in subversion and conspiracy while involved, marginally or significantly, in the government’s policies.”[17] .
  • Life in Nazi Germany | Socyberty 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From Propaganda to Modernization: Media Policy and Media Audiences under National Socialiam.” German History 24.3 (Aug 2006): 431-454.

^ Not only was he the first true nationalist of this kind of modern times, but through him German nationalism was preached to the people, a new religion was founded, a German god created.
  • Martin Luther - Hitler's Spiritual Ancestor by Peter F. Wiener 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.tentmaker.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hitler used the Catholic Church to dissolve the Centre Party.^ Hitler therefore offered the BVP a deal: vote for the bill and the Nazi government would guarantee the rights of the Catholic Church.
  • Prescott Sheldon Bush and Nazi Germany - The Education Forum 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC educationforum.ipbhost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hitler would later state: "On overcast days everything was dark."*  Using some of his own money and some funds from the party, Hitler had electric light installed.
  • 14: A Star Pupil 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC smoter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The remaining Catholic Centre Party, at Papen’s urging, disbanded itself on 5 July 1933 after guarantees over Catholic education and youth groups.
  • Life in Nazi Germany | Socyberty 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 23 March 1933 he had called Churches "most important factors" for the maintenance of German well-being.^ In the spring of 1933, the existing trade unions (although no significant threat to the regime) were replaced by the so-called Deutsche Arbeitsfront, or German labour Front.
  • The Green Nazis: Environmentalism in the Third Reich - Minnesotans For Global Warming 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC minnesotansforglobalwarming.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most infamous destruction of literature was the book burnings by German students in 1933.
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On the other hand, an Anglo-French victory would most probably lead to the loss of at least some German colonies, as well as Alsace-Lorraine.
  • Rosa Luxemburg, "The War and the Workers"--The Junius Pamphlet 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www2.h-net.msu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In regard to the Catholic Church, he proposed a Reichskonkordat between Germany and the Holy See, that was signed in July.^ In July 1933, Hitler signed a Concordat with the Vatican in which the Catholic Church recognized the new regime and renounced all activity except that of a purely religious kind in Germany.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Catholic Church In July 1933, the Nazi regime signed a concordat with the Vatican, pledging to maintain the traditional rights of the Catholic Church in Germany.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this the Holy See treated Zentrum no differently than it had the Italian Catholic party, which it negotiated away in the Concordat with Mussolini.
  • The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Council for Secular Humanism 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]

.In regard to the Protestant Churches, he signed koncordats and used church elections to push the Nazi-inspired "German Christians" to power.^ Both Christian Churches supported the Nazis.
  • Life in Nazi Germany | Socyberty 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the Nazi’s came to power in Germany , most Germans were Christians.
  • Life in Nazi Germany | Socyberty 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC socyberty.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Few wartime commanders have been in charge of massed artillery and have used it as capably as this inspired Russian leader who broke the Nazi might."
  • Index to Comic Art Collection: "Nazis" to "Nazz" 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC comics.lib.msu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This, however, provoked the internal opposition of the "Confessing Church".
.Membership of the Hitler Youth was made compulsory for German teenagers, and served as a conveyor belt to party membership.^ Membership in the Hitler Youth was made compulsory for German teenagers, and served as a conveyor belt to party membership.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Following his 14th birthday in 1941, Joseph Ratzinger joined the Hitler Youth, as membership was legally required in effect beginning March 25, 1939.
  • Rise of the Fourth Reich: Alex Jones Interviews Jim Marrs 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The earliest German Youth organization, which was similar to the American Boy Scouts, dates back to January 28th, 1923 when the "Jungsturm Adolf Hitler" made it's first official public appearance at the first "Party Day of the NSDAP" in Mnchen (Munich) Austria.
  • TRD - Miscellaneous, Accouterments Third Reich Depot World War II Nazi Germany military collectables 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC 65.160.172.250 [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meetings were held on Sunday mornings in a conscious effort to shift young people from Church to State.^ The church, as part of the state, was to march along-side the people to bring it to its earthly paradise.
  • The Protestant churches in Nazi Germany - Garnet Peet (1960 - 1987), SpindleWorks 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC spindleworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The churches, at a national meeting held in May, put forth their own candidate, however, a respected conservative.
  • The Protestant churches in Nazi Germany - Garnet Peet (1960 - 1987), SpindleWorks 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC spindleworks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a result of my work, a national convention of the revived Young People's Socialist League could be held in Fitchburg, Massachusetts.
  • Passic Reviewed 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.weisbord.org [Source type: Original source]

.But the Nazi Party did not immediately purge the state administration of all opponents.^ The Nazi Party did not immediately purge the state administration of all opponents.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ How did it influence the Nazi Party?
  • P2 - The Nazi Party, the Thule Society, the Occult, and German Freemasonry 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freemasonrywatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Q When did you join the Nazi Party?
  • Nazi Saboteur Commission, vol. 16 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.soc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The career civil service was left in place, and only gradually were its senior levels taken over by Nazis.^ By the winter of 1950- 1951 the most senior levels of the U.S. government had decided to abrogate their wartime pledge to bring Nazi war criminals to justice.

^ The revolutionary organization Lutte Ouvrièr (LO), which is the biggest far-left organization in France, has taken a completely abstentionist and ultraleft approach to the nazis.
  • International Socialist Review 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.isreview.org [Source type: Original source]

^ For a start, Krystalnacht had already taken place when she made the movie, and the fundamental foreign policy of Nazi Germany was to invade other countries.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

.In some places people who were opposed to the Nazi regime retained their positions for a long time.^ Young peoples reaction to the Nazi regime .
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ She is saying that the people who oppose this are Nazis .
  • Reductio ad Hitlerum: I See Nazis! - Hit & Run : Reason Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC reason.com [Source type: General]

^ Nazis who opposed Orthodox Christianity .
  • Hitler's Henchmen and Nazi Sympathizers 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Examples included Johannes Popitz, finance minister of the largest German state, Prussia, until 1944 and an active oppositionist, and Ernst von Weizsäcker, under-secretary of state at the Foreign Ministry, who protected a resistance network in his ministry.^ When Hitler was released, he found Germany in the capable hands of Gustav Stresemann, who was foreign secretary and chancellor, improved Germanys economy and international position, e.g.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ The state of Virginia, for example, had a forced sterilization program that sought to sterilize all persons with hereditary defects, not just those who had been institutionalized, until the state was challenged before the Supreme Court by Oliver Wendell Holmes.

^ The Spanish Loyalists set up a new government under Juan Negrin, who represented the Socialists but included members of other Left parties in his new ministry, with the exception of the Anarcho-Syndicalists.
  • Chronology 1937 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.indiana.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The armed forces banned party membership and retained their independence for some years.^ The new Communist Party retained some of the old prejudices against centralism.
  • The Comintern and German communism (by L. Proyect) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I used this clearance only a few weeks each year, if I was tasked to work on occasional classified projects for the Armed Forces.
  • THIS IS YOUR LIFE STEVEN HATFILL NAZI PIG 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC jewishdefense.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Nazi Party Bulletin called " Politics and the Officer in the III Reich " it is quite clearly stated that the Nazi regime is founded on " two pillars: the Party and the Armed Forces.
  • The Avalon Project : Judgment : Dissenting Opinion 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

.1933–39 saw the gradual fusion of the Nazi Party and the German state, as the party arrogated more and more power to itself at the expense of professional civil servants.^ When it came to power in January 1933 the Nazi Party had over 2 million members.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The History of the Nazi Party: 1919-1933 .
  • S. Twogood, The Munich Post: its undiscovered effects on Hitler 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.history.ucsb.edu [Source type: General]

^ Nevertheless the period 1933-39 saw the gradual fusion of the Nazi Party and the German state, as the party arrogated more and more power to itself at the expense of professional civil servants.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.This led to increasing inefficiency and confusion in administration, which was compounded by Hitler’s deliberate policy of preventing any of his underlings accumulating too much power, and of dividing responsibility among a plethora of state and party bureaucracies, many of which had overlapping functions.^ This led to increasing inefficiency and confusion in administration, which was compounded by Hitler’s deliberate policy of preventing any of his underlings accumulating too much power, and of dividing responsibility among a plethora of state and party bureaucracies, many of which had overlapping functions.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ This administrative muddle later had severe consequences Many party officials also lapsed rapidly into corruption, taking their lead from Göring, who looted and plundered both state property and wealth appropriated from the Jews.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ But Leni's responsibility for Hitler was much like George Lucas' effect on Toy Stores.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

.This administrative muddle later had severe consequences.^ This administrative muddle later had severe consequences Many party officials also lapsed rapidly into corruption, taking their lead from Göring, who looted and plundered both state property and wealth appropriated from the Jews.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.Many party officials also lapsed rapidly into corruption, taking their lead from Göring, who looted and plundered both state property and wealth appropriated from the Jews.^ Party members engaged in shipping, who leave their work afloat and are without work for at least six months, are to be transferred to the appropriate Gau within Germany, also party members abroad who return and take-up permanent residence in the fatherland.
  • The Avalon Project : Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume IV - Document No. 2319-PS 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are the vanguard, the Bolshevists the theorists, the organized and organizing core cadre--the ones who will build the party that leads the coming American Revolution.
  • Permanent Revolution in the U.S. Today 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.socialism.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is evil men who make something meant for the betterment of the world and turn it into something that takes more lives than it does create them.
  • Creationism, evolution, and Nazis. Yes, Nazis. | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: Original source]

By the mid-1930s the party as an institution was increasingly unpopular with the German public, although this did not affect the personal standing of Hitler, who maintained a powerful hold over the great majority of the German people until at least 1943.
.The SA under Röhm's leadership soon became a major problem for the party.^ The SA under Röhm’s leadership soon became a major problem for the party.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ But even under the most difficult conditions and circumstances, the basic demands of a healthy party regime retain their full force: honest information about the party, freedom of criticism and a real inner unity between the leadership and the party majority.

^ The Jews that remained, the majority being old or married to non-Jews, soon became part of the mass extermination that followed.
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the 700,000 members of this well-armed working-class militia took the "socialist" element of "national socialism" seriously, and soon began to demand that the Nazi regime broaden its attack from SPD and KPD activists and Jews to include the capitalist system.^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The working class has no national flag.

^ The SPD was attacked as social fascists, indistinguishable from the Nazis.

.In addition, Röhm and his associates saw the SA as the army of the new revolutionary Nazi state, replacing the old aristocratic officer corps.^ Röhm and his associates also saw the SA as the army of the new revolutionary Nazi state, replacing the old aristocratic officer corps.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Radicals viewed fascism as a genuinely revolutionary ideology that would sweep away discredited ideals and institutions and replace them with a new disciplined and cohesive society.” .
  • Liberal Conspiracy » Cameron shamelessly exploits crime for political gain 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC liberalconspiracy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Army - Arlington (Association of the United States Army) 47, no.3(March 1997): 47-51.
  • Nazi Gold Bibliography 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The army was still outside party control, and Hitler feared that it might stage a putsch if its leaders felt threatened with an SA take-over.^ The army was still outside party control, and Hitler feared that it might stage a putsch if its leaders felt threatened with an SA takeover.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The party's last leader was Adolf Hitler.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ Hitler gave orders that all leaders of the German Communist Party should "be hanged that very night."
  • Prescott Sheldon Bush and Nazi Germany - The Education Forum 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC educationforum.ipbhost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The business community was also alarmed by the SA’s socialist rhetoric, with which, as noted earlier, Hitler had no sympathy beyond transferring power from Churches to the State.^ The church congratulated Hitler on his assumption of power.
  • The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Council for Secular Humanism 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The business community was also alarmed by the SA’s socialist rhetoric, with which, as noted earlier, Hitler had no sympathy.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Its name expresses the basic idea that socialist production must be won by means of democracy, by the masses conquering power over the State.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

.In June 1934, Hitler, using the SS and Gestapo under Himmler's command, staged a coup against the SA, having Röhm and about 700 others killed.^ In June 1934, therefore, Hitler, using the SS and Gestapo under Himmler’s command, staged a coup against the SA, having Röhm and about 700 others killed without any semblance of legal process.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Q And all the other boys were under his command?
  • Nazi Saboteur Commission, vol. 16 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.soc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The SS under Himmler ran the camps.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

.This Night of the Long Knives broke the power of the SA, while increasing the power of Himmler and the SS, who emerged as the real executive arm of the Nazi Party.^ Nazi Party my *ss.
  • CNN Host D. L. Hughley: Republicans 'Literally Look Like Nazi Germany' | NewsBusters.org 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ This Night of the Long Knives broke the power of the SA, while greatly increasing the power of Himmler and the SS, who emerged as the real executive arm of the Nazi Party.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ June 30, 1934 - The Night of Long Knives occurs as Hitler, Göring and Himmler conduct a purge of the SA (storm trooper) leadership.
  • The History Place - Holocaust Timeline 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The business community was reassured and largely reconciled to Nazi rule.^ The business community was reassured and largely reconciled to Nazi rule.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The rest of the board was largely composed of directors of ITT or RCA (also a wartime partner in Nazi-American communications companies).
  • Excerpts Trading with the Enemy The Nazi - American Money Plot 1933-1949 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thirdworldtraveler.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • How the Allied multinationals supplied Nazi Germany throughout World War II | libcom.org 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC libcom.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The army leaders were so grateful that the Defence Minister, Werner von Blomberg, who was not a Nazi, on his own initiative had all army members swear a personal oath to Hitler as "führer" of the German state.^ Hitler invented his own "Germanic" religion.
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST - a knol by john ray 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The army leaders were so grateful that the Defence Minister, Werner von Blomberg , who was not a Nazi, on his own initiative had all army members swear a personal oath to Hitler as “führer” of the German state.
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^ The Army swears an oath of allegiance pledging unconditional obedience to Hitler.
  • The World at War 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC worldatwar.net [Source type: Original source]

.These events marked a decisive turning point in the Nazi take-over of Germany.^ These events marked a decisive turning point in the Nazi takeover of Germany.
  • National Socialism - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We take a most earnest and warm interest in all decisive events affecting people and fatherland, and our prayers for state and authorities (1 Tim.
  • Hitler's Henchmen and Nazi Sympathizers 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.nobeliefs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This event marked the end of the Finnish reluctancy to fully cooperate with the military leadership of Nazi Germany.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The borders between the party and the state became increasingly blurred, and Hitler's personal will increasingly had the force of law, although the independence of the state bureaucracy was never completely eclipsed.^ Hitler became the most prominent personality in the party.
  • The Unknown Hitler: Nazi Roots in the Occult 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC stargods.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hitler's personal dictatorship was now complete.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Rosenbaum dismisses the political upheaval in Bavaria at the time that may have lead the Munich Post to be so oppositional to Hitler, simply stating the Munich Posts opposition to Hitler grew initially out of ideology (since the Munich Post was founded and sponsored by the Bavarian Social Democratic Party), but its struggle with Hitler became extremely personal.
  • S. Twogood, The Munich Post: its undiscovered effects on Hitler 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.history.ucsb.edu [Source type: General]

.The effect of the purge of the SA was to redirect the energies of the Nazi Party away from social issues and towards racial enemies, namely the Jews, whose civil, economic and political rights were steadily restricted, culminating in the passage of the Nuremberg Laws of September 1935, which stripped them of their citizenship and banned marriage and sexual relations between Jews and "Aryans". After a lull in anti-Semitic agitation during 1936 and 1937 (partly because of the 1936 Olympic Games), the Nazis returned to the attack in November 1938, launching the pogrom known as Kristallnacht ("Night of Broken Glass"), in which at least 100 Jews were killed and 30,000 arrested and sent to concentration camps, and thousands of Jewish homes, businesses, synagogues and community facilities were attacked and burned.^ In those camps 6 million Jews and many others were killed by the Nazis.
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By 11th November, 1938, 20,000 Jews had been arrested and many were sent to concentration camps.
  • The Avalon Project : Judgment : The Accused Organizations 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This community is the political and economic essence of our comprehensive social structure.
  • Program of the NSDAP - Wikisource 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

.This satisfied the party radicals for a while, but the regional party bosses remained a persistent lobby for more radical action against the Jews, until they were finally deported to their deaths in 1942, 1943, 1944, and most poignantly in Spring of 1945—days before Liberation.^ Extreme and radical total war is the quickest war, he says, and asks, if the Germans want Total War … even if it is more extreme and radical than anything they previously could imagine.
  • Rammstein’s Nazi Code « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tea parties are just good places for the police to round up the most radical elements of the Republican Party and make America a safer nation.
  • Think Progress » VIDEO: Fox News Signs On To Tea Party Agenda, Aggressively Promotes Anti-Obama Protests 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ As for Finland, sure the Germans like their fellow Nordics, but presumably they liked countries who actually fought on their side more than they liked countries who fought against them!
  • 186 – Europe, If the Nazis Had Won « Strange Maps 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC strangemaps.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

.Paradoxically, the more completely the Nazi regime dominated German society, the less relevant the Nazi Party became as an organization within the regime's power structure.^ What is more German than nazis?
  • Rammstein’s Nazi Code « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nazi Party Organization Book (1940) .
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This suggests (though Sykes does not emphasize this point) replacement of much of the original male population by new arrivals with a more powerful social organization.
  • Harry's Place » Nick Griffin to attend white supremacist conference; BNP’s German allies launch anti-Israel tirade 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hitler's rule was highly personalised, and the power of his subordinates such as Himmler and Goebbels depended on Hitler's favour and their success in interpreting his desires rather than on their nominal positions within the party.^ This was based on a similar nationalist/racist/separatist ideology coupled with the recognition of Nazi power and the desire to personally and politically benefit from such power.

^ Himmler’s explicit statements, such as making the decision to make the Jews “disappear from the earth”, leave no room for alternative interpretation.
  • angelmusiclady.com 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC angelmusiclady.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To protect itself against the professional risks of power, the revolutionary party will have to reject its members accumulating positions in the state apparatus and positions in the leadership of the party.
  • The Dictatorship of the proletariat and socialist democracy 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.ernestmandel.org [Source type: Original source]

.The party had no governing body or formal decision-making process – no Politburo, no Central Committee, no Party Congresses.^ Soviet central committee for measures taken by the Hungarian party to correct "errors" in the economy and socialist structure of Hungary.
  • FACTIONALISM IN THE HUNGARIAN WORKERS (COMMUNIST) PARTY (1945-1956) (REFERENCDE - CIA document 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I want a party of people who ARE the People that the government is supposed to consist of, who want government to understand it's role and not be the parent and try to make every American it's child.
  • CNN Host D. L. Hughley: Republicans 'Literally Look Like Nazi Germany' | NewsBusters.org 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ As Rakosiat the party Central Leadership meeting ofagy was then accused of "right-wingviews, convicted ofanti-party behavior" and eliminated from the Politburo (though not from the Central Committee.
  • FACTIONALISM IN THE HUNGARIAN WORKERS (COMMUNIST) PARTY (1945-1956) (REFERENCDE - CIA document 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The "party chancellery" headed by Hess theoretically ran the party, but in reality it had no influence because Hess himself was a marginal figure within the regime.^ But then he contradicted himself later in his reply: "The boards of the PSUs I have been associated with generally consist of over 20 members, and there is no way I could have influenced any decision within this structure even if I was a part of such a decision."
  • Pachauri in a spot as climategate hits TERI - sci.environment | Google Groups 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a shame really, because such an experiment has within it a deep lesson to teach but failes because the ‘Stakes’ are so high.
  • Neo-Nazis in Israel « Umar Lee 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC umarlee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the U.S., Marxism has occupied a marginal position in political life and there is no self-styled working-class party whatsoever.
  • Workers' Party 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC home.earthlink.net [Source type: Original source]

.It was not until 1941, when Hess flew off on a quixotic "peace mission" to Britain, and was succeeded by Martin Bormann, that the party chancellery regained its power – but this was mainly because Hitler had a high opinion of Bormann and allowed him to act as his political secretary.^ Martin Borman Party chairman after 1941.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ The Partying Wisconsin did not regain its ballot status until 1941.
  • CNY Reds » History 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC cnyreds.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Yes, because he had the power of the Enabling Act.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

.Real power in the regime was exercised by an axis of Hitler's office, Himmler's SS and Goebbels's Propaganda Ministry.^ Hitlers minister of Propaganda was Josef Goebbels.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ If by dismissing Hitlerism as madness we miss what really went on in Hitler's rise to power we surely run dreadful risks of allowing some sort of Nazi revival.
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC jonjayray.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST - a knol by john ray 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is a deflection manoeuvre because the very ones who worshipped evil and death were leading Nazis themselves (Hitler, Rosenberg, Himmler, Heydrich, Goebbels, etc.
  • Haj Amin Al-Husseini - Nazi collaborator and model for today's Islamists - Militant Islam Monitor - Militant Islam Monitor 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.militantislammonitor.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

War and eclipse

.With the outbreak of war in 1939, the party to some extent came back into its own, particularly after 1941 as the war dragged on and the military situation began to turn against Germany.^ Military Families Against the War was a reflection of this.
  • SOCIALIST UNITY » BNP MEMBERSHIP LIST PUBLISHED ON-LINE 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.socialistunity.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His claim to fame in Party circles also came about in 1923, when he led a civilian group of saboteurs in action against the French and Belgian Troops who, on January 11, 1923 just one day after the last U.S. Troops had left immediately marched into Germanys Ruhr industrial area and occupied it.

^ Some had joined these organizations before Hitler came to power, others joined the party later.
  • Belzec Perpetrators 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.deathcamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Sobibor Perpetrators 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.deathcamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As Hitler withdrew from domestic matters to concentrate on military matters, civil administration ground to a halt and the German state became more disorganized and ineffective.^ It was Hitler who became more radical.
  • Disc Aircraft of The Third Reich 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.zamandayolculuk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This party was styled after the German National Socialists under Hitler, and after the Germans invaded Norway became the only Norwegian party to be supported the Germans.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ On April 7, American officers accompanied German mining officials to the main vault more than 2,000 feet below ground.
  • Howstuffworks "Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945-May 1945" 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Gauleiters, who were nearly all old-guard Nazis and fanatical Hitler loyalists, took control of rationing, labour direction, the allocation of housing, air-raid protection and the issuing of the multiplicity of permits Germans needed to carry on their lives and businesses.^ While many Germans supported Hitler, they were not all Nazi's.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The very word "Nazi" is a German abbreviation for "National Socialist" ( Nationalsozialist ) and the full name of Hitler's political party (translated) was "The National Socialist German Workers' Party" (In German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei ) .
  • CNN Smears 'Right Wing' As Nazis | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ The Nazi government aimed to abolish the Treaty of Versailles, bring about the union of all Germans in a single German state (the Grossdeutschland) and, in order to provide for additional living space for the nourishment of the future generations ('Lebensraum'), Hitler proposed to conquer eastern Europe.
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.thecorner.org [Source type: Original source]

.They served to some extent as ombudsmen for the citizenry against a remote and ineffective state.^ I was wondering if it could be the result of an hostile action by the french state against websites that they could consider anti-muslim.
  • Are We All Nazis Now? | The Brussels Journal 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.brusselsjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And they finally decided that after some catastrophic event in the United States, it would be just too time-consuming to try to bring Congress in.
  • Rise of the Fourth Reich: Alex Jones Interviews Jim Marrs 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The land owners have lost their economic power and they are losing more and more of the political power which they still retain in some countries, where the land owning class has to a certain extent preserved its identity, it still exerts a greater influence on the State than do other classes.
  • Ber Borochov - The National Question and Class Struggle 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.zionismontheweb.org [Source type: Original source]

.They agitated for the removal of the remaining Jews from Germany, using the shortage of housing in German cities as a result of Allied bombing as a pretext.^ By 1944, the Allies invaded occupied Europe at Normandy Beach on the French coast, German cities were being destroyed by bombing, and Italy, Germany's major ally under the leadership of Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, had fallen.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is interesting to note that "Werewolves" was the name chosen for the guerrilla fighters Hitler and the Nazi planned to use to continue the fight against the invading Allies when Germanys Wehrmacht was defeated and the German territory was occupied.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ He had to cover up his own dealings with the Nazis and that of both his American and German clients as well as smuggling any remaining assets out of Germany.
  • Ratlines 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.spiritone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As the Allied armies closed in on Germany, the Gauleiters often took charge of last-ditch resistance: Karl Hanke's defence of Breslau was an outstanding example.^ As the Allies took control of the war, Adolf Hitler appeared in public for the last time on March 20, 1945, after issuing the "Nero Decree" the previous day.
  • Howstuffworks "Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945-May 1945" 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She probably began to regret it more and more as the Allied armies closed in on victory and it became apparent that she had chosen to back the losing side.
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The triumvirate decided to use the German events as a bludgeon against Trotsky, since Karl Radek, his close ally, was the chief architect of the failed German revolution.
  • The Comintern and German communism (by L. Proyect) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In Berlin the teenagers of the Hitler Youth, under the direction of their fanatical leader Artur Axmann, fought and died in large numbers against the invading Soviet armies.^ This party was styled after the German National Socialists under Hitler, and after the Germans invaded Norway became the only Norwegian party to be supported the Germans.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ Only Hitler worried that the German Army and its allies were not advancing into the Soviet Union fast enough.
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trotsky fought against the consolidation of Stalinism in the Soviet Union and after his exile continued to try to build an alternative socialist tendency within the Communist movement.

.The army was the last area of the German state to succumb to the Nazi Party, and it never did so entirely.^ How did it influence the Nazi Party?
  • P2 - The Nazi Party, the Thule Society, the Occult, and German Freemasonry 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freemasonrywatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Q When did you join the Nazi Party?
  • Nazi Saboteur Commission, vol. 16 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.soc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nazi party began as the German Workers' Party.
  • CNN Smears 'Right Wing' As Nazis | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

.The pre-1933 Reichswehr had banned its members joining political parties, and this was maintained for some time after 1933. Nazis of military age joined the Waffen-SS, the military wing of the SS. In 1938 both Defence Minister Blomberg and the army chief of staff, General Werner von Fritsch, were removed from office after trumped-up scandals.^ She may never have been a member of the Nazi party...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In October 1937 he joined the Waffen-SS ( 3.
  • Belzec Perpetrators 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.deathcamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Members of the Nazi Party were in danger of defecting to other political organizations.
  • P2 - The Nazi Party, the Thule Society, the Occult, and German Freemasonry 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freemasonrywatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hitler made himself Defence Minister, and the new army leaders, Generals Franz Halder and Walther von Brauchitsch, were in awe of Hitler.^ In April 1945, Reitsch was a passenger when General Robert Ritter von Greim flew into beleaguered Berlin to meet with Adolf Hitler.
  • Howstuffworks "Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945-May 1945" 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While Sandinista leaders often called for the creation of a new socialist society, their practical policies made clear that they viewed this transformation as a slow, gradual process.
  • William Smaldone | Socialist Paths in a Capitalist Conundrum: Reconsidering the German Catastrophe of 1933 | Journal of World History, 18.3 | The History Cooperative 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.historycooperative.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Churchill becomes the new Prime Minister after Chamberlain, and he stubbornly refuses Hitlers generous peace offer.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Page 2 - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nevertheless Halder supported unsuccessful plans to stage a coup and remove Hitler from power during the 1938 crisis over Czechoslovakia, and again in 1939. Brauchitsch knew of these plans but would not support them.^ As I stated previously, Hitler would never have gotten away with it had he tried it the day after coming to power.
  • Creationism, evolution, and Nazis. Yes, Nazis. | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia in September 1938 came about during talks with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, in which Hitler, backed by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini , demanded that the German territories be ceded.
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some had joined these organizations before Hitler came to power, others joined the party later.
  • Belzec Perpetrators 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.deathcamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Sobibor Perpetrators 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.deathcamps.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ban on Nazis joining the German Army – traditionally a stronghold of Protestant monarchist conservatism opposed to any mass political movements – was lifted in 1939. A number of generals, notably Walther von Reichenau and Walter Model, became fanatical Nazis.^ German army's general staff.

^ The very word "Nazi" is a German abbreviation for "National Socialist" ( Nationalsozialist ) and the full name of Hitler's political party (translated) was "The National Socialist German Workers' Party" (In German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei ) .
  • CNN Smears 'Right Wing' As Nazis | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ The Army Group South commanded by von Rundsted consisted of 41 German and 14 Romanian divisions.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It was not until 1944 that a group of officers opposed to the Nazi regime staged a serious attempt to overthrow Hitler in the 20 July plot, but they never had the full support of the officer corps.^ On July 20, 1944, an attempt to kill Hitler with a bomb in a briefcase failed.
  • Nazi | Essays & Term Papers Online 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC onlineessays.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was the fault of Hitler and the Nazi regime.
  • Creationism, evolution, and Nazis. Yes, Nazis. | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They began to support the Nazis, too.
  • Rise of Nazi Germany - Page 2 - Rapture Ready 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.rr-bb.com [Source type: Original source]

The German Navy was always loyal to Hitler; its commander, Karl Dönitz, was Hitler's designated successor in 1945.
.By 1945 the Nazi Party and the Nazi state were inseparable.^ In the Nazi Party Bulletin called " Politics and the Officer in the III Reich " it is quite clearly stated that the Nazi regime is founded on " two pillars: the Party and the Armed Forces.
  • The Avalon Project : Judgment : Dissenting Opinion 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Norwegian Nazi party Nasjonal Samling used a golden sun cross on a red background as its official symbol from 1933 until 1945.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ You see, they also wanted to create a totalitarian state with Hitler at the head and were absolutely intolerant of any divergent views which were not lockstep in line with those of the Nazi Party!
  • Oy! Noam Chomsky Compares Right-Wing Media To “Nazis” | Online | Mediaite 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.mediaite.com [Source type: Original source]

.When the German armies surrendered to the Allies in May 1945 and the German state ceased to exist, the Nazi Party, despite its 8.5 million nominal members and its nation-wide organisational structure, also ceased to exist.^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Browse the article Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945-May 1945 Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945-May 1945 .
  • Howstuffworks "Nazi Germany Surrenders: February 1945-May 1945" 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She may never have been a member of the Nazi party...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

.Its most fanatical members either killed themselves, fled Germany or were arrested.^ It's members who managed to escape fled across the country, integrating themselves into different white supremacist groups, or went underground altogether.
  • http://www.constitution.org/ocbpt/ocbpt_04.htm 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And most of the students who was not running for their life to Sweden ended up arrested and put to concentration camps in Germany for some "re-eduction" for the rest of the war..
  • Noam Chomsky Compares Right-Wing Media to Nazi Germany - Democratic Underground 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.democraticunderground.com [Source type: General]

^ Germany's engineers form potentially the most powerful union in Europe, with more than three million members at the heart of the European Union's biggest economy.
  • Socialist Worker number two 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.anu.edu.au [Source type: News]

.The rank-and-file burned their party cards and sought to blend back into German society.^ He made an appeal to the rank-and-file of the party: .
  • The Comintern and German communism (by L. Proyect) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I just applied as a rank-and-file member of that party and was accepted.
  • Passic Reviewed 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.weisbord.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It stated that the German party was forced into an offensive by the Prussian state and that, despite mistakes, did the best it could to advance the struggle.
  • The Comintern and German communism (by L. Proyect) 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.columbia.edu [Source type: Original source]

.By the end of the war Nazism had been reduced to little more than loyalty to the person of Adolf Hitler, and his death released most Nazis from even this obligation.^ Why glorifying Adolf Hitler as a person?
  • Highsnobiety.com: Columns | Phil-G. | Neighborhood Nazis…?? 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC highsnobiety.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even more than the Jews.
  • The Green Nazis: Environmentalism in the Third Reich - Minnesotans For Global Warming 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC minnesotansforglobalwarming.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It came to an end with the ascent of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
  • German Revolution - Valkyrie Movie Wiki 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC valkyriemovie.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.In his Political Testament, Hitler appointed Bormann "Party Minister", but nominated no successor as leader of the party – a recognition that a Nazi Party without Hitler had no basis for existence.^ The party's last leader was Adolf Hitler.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ Hitler was the leader of the Nazi party from 1934-1945.
  • Who were the Nazis during the holocaust? - Q&A 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ The very word "Nazi" is a German abbreviation for "National Socialist" ( Nationalsozialist ) and the full name of Hitler's political party (translated) was "The National Socialist German Workers' Party" (In German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei ) .
  • CNN Smears 'Right Wing' As Nazis | NewsBusters.org 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

.The Nazi Party was banned by the Allied occupation authorities and an extensive process of denazification was carried out to remove former Nazis from the administration, judiciary, universities, schools and press of occupied Germany.^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is interesting to note that "Werewolves" was the name chosen for the guerrilla fighters Hitler and the Nazi planned to use to continue the fight against the invading Allies when Germanys Wehrmacht was defeated and the German territory was occupied.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ Hitler consistently demanded to be appointed chancellor in order for Hindenburg to receive any Nazi Party support of the cabinets appointed under his authority.
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There was virtually no resistance or attempt to organize a Nazi underground.^ But there are almost no police investigations in these Nazi movies.
  • Nazi Movies: A Window into the Third Reich 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.geniebusters.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no reason that people should not be criticized that seem to be promoting interest in Nazism among young people or devaluing the meaning of this symbolism, whether they are Nazis themselves or not.
  • Rammstein’s Nazi Code « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is interesting that whereas there is no evidence of any serious attempt by Roosevelt to impeach the guilty in the United States, there is evidence that Hitler strove to punish certain German Fraternity associates on the grounds of treason to the Nazi state.
  • How the Allied multinationals supplied Nazi Germany throughout World War II | libcom.org 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC libcom.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the time normal political life resumed in western Germany in 1949, Nazism was effectively extinct.^ The legislation, modeled after Germany's Nuremberg laws, limited the right of Jews to participate in Bulgaria's economy and political life.
  • Nazi Gold Bibliography 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The war time economy of Nazi Germany can effectively neither be described as a free market economy nor as centrally planned .
  • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The political miscalculations of Western corrupted politicians however lead to the sad fact that Germany was forced to use these weapons against France and Britain first.
  • The Prisoners of Silence - NSDAP 1936-1991 (History and background) - Paradox Interactive Forums 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC forum.paradoxplaza.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In East Germany, the new Communist authorities took their vengeance on any former high-ranking Nazis that they could find, and the survival of any kind of Nazi movement was out of the question.^ They check me out question me and leave.

^ They took food wherever they could find it.
  • English Russia » Russia under Nazis during WW2 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC englishrussia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Nazi economic miracle was a Potemkin-village scheme kept going, prior to the takeovers of other nations, by selling off Germanys gold reserves and taking out international loans that could never be paid back.
  • The Great Scandal: Christianity's Role in the Rise of the Nazis 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Council for Secular Humanism 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.secularhumanism.org [Source type: Original source]

.Since 1949, there have been attempts to organise ultra-nationalist parties in Germany, but none of these parties was overtly Nazi or tried to use the symbols and slogans of the Nazi Party.^ The Nazi party is the National Socialist party of Germany.
  • Pajamas Media » Austrian Party That Wants to Bring Back Nazi Imagery Wins Big 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And there is a Nazi Green party in existence using the nazi.org domain .
  • Gore and Nazis « Watts Up With That? 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The American Nazi Party use swastikas as their symbol.
  • Dems rip Limbaugh's use of Nazi symbol - Glenn Thrush - POLITICO.com 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

.The German Reich Party (Deutsche Reichspartei, DRP), containing many former Nazis, had five members in the first Bundestag elected in 1949, but they were defeated in 1953. By the 1960s, its chairman Adolf von Thadden realised it had no future and it was wound up in 1964. Thadden (whose half-sister Elisabeth von Thadden was executed by the Nazis for her role in the German Resistance) then formed a new, broader party, the National Democratic Party of Germany (Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, NPD), which still exists, led today by Udo Voigt.^ "The New Democratic Party is not such a partynor will it ever be.

^ She may never have been a member of the Nazi party...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They are members of the party, but what is their exact relation?
  • Nazi Saboteur Commission, vol. 16 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.soc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The NPD has survived several attempts to have it banned by the Federal Constitutional Court as a neo-Nazi party.^ The dumocratic Party is bloated with neo-Nazis!
  • Dems rip Limbaugh's use of Nazi symbol - Glenn Thrush - POLITICO.com 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

^ It was banned in 1952 by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ His article defending Nazis was published widely and several of his articles appear on neo-Nazi websites, and in the Journal of Historical Review, the phoney “scholar” neo-Nazi publication of the Institute for Historical Review.
  • Oy! Noam Chomsky Compares Right-Wing Media To “Nazis” | Online | Mediaite 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.mediaite.com [Source type: Original source]

.It has occasionally won seats in the Landtags of several German states, primarily in the territories of the former German Democratic Republic, but has never reached the 5% threshold needed to win seats in the Bundestag.^ German government = Weimar democratic government Head of State = President (elected) Head of Government = Chancellor (elected) .
  • Nazi Germany 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.asij.ac.jp [Source type: Original source]

^ The former took advantage of the latter's economic and territorial expansionism, while the latter needed modern companies like Coca-Cola as role-models for mass-production.
  • How the Allied multinationals supplied Nazi Germany throughout World War II | libcom.org 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC libcom.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To: COEXERJ145 There are still some who claim the German Democratic Republic in East Germany was communist.
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

.The NPD had 5,300 registered party members in 2004, and its main platform is opposition to immigration.^ Sure enough, Lord Soper spoke from a Methodist platform, but even he was political, being a reformist member of the Labour Party.

^ By 1912 the party reported that 1039 dues paying members were in public office, including 56 mayors and over 300 aldermen.
  • CNY Reds » History 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC cnyreds.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This open opposition against the party line put Liebknecht at odds even with those party members around Haase who actually were against the war bonds themselves.
  • German Revolution - Valkyrie Movie Wiki 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC valkyriemovie.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

Party composition

General membership

.The general membership of the Nazi Party, known as the Parteimitglieder, mainly consisted of the urban and rural lower middle classes.^ The Nazis won their support primarily from the lower middle class and the peasantry.
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Its membership was basically middle class.
  • Passic Reviewed 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.weisbord.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is very hard to guess, as much as I know of Georges opinion on general things -- to class him in one party or ideal.
  • Nazi Saboteur Commission, vol. 16 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.soc.umn.edu [Source type: Original source]

.7% belonged to the upper class, another 7% were peasants, 35% were industrial workers and 51% were what can be described as middle class.^ These organisations have represented mainly chiefs, or peasants, or middle-class intellectuals.
  • Issue 10 - July/August 1962 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.sacp.org.za [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus the mass of the workers, wavering between the opposite slogans, their heads full of the ideas of middle-class democracy, offered no resistance.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to a report of the Commission on Industrial Relations, in 1914, 35,000 workers were killed in industrial accidents and 700,000 injured.
  • The Socialist Challenge by Howard Zinn 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC historyisaweapon.com [Source type: Original source]

.When it came to power in 1933, the Nazi Party had over 2 million members.^ He was an active Nazi party member from 1931.
  • Ratlines 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.spiritone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not a member of the Nazi party by Human Tornado .
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She may never have been a member of the Nazi party...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

.Once in power, it attracted many more members and by the time of its dissolution it had 8.5 million members.^ How many more times do I have to post this?
  • Creationism, evolution, and Nazis. Yes, Nazis. | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC blogs.discovermagazine.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Secret police again were all powerful, were more capable than it was in olden times.
  • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But military power in Berlin once more was in the hands of the People's Navy Division.
  • German Revolution - Valkyrie Movie Wiki 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC valkyriemovie.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of these were nominal members who joined for careerist reasons, but the party had an active membership of at least a million, including virtually all the holders of senior positions in the national government.^ He was an active Nazi party member from 1931.
  • Ratlines 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.spiritone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are these the positions of the US government?

^ Many of the union officers were members of the Party.
  • History of the Socialist Party of Canada 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.worldsocialism.org [Source type: Original source]

Military membership

.Nazi members with military ambitions were encouraged to join the Waffen-SS, but a great number enlisted in the Wehrmacht and even more were drafted for service after World War II began.^ And in World War II even Stalin moved in that direction.
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC jonjayray.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST - a knol by john ray 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]
  • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.freerepublic.com [Source type: Original source]

^ NOT win world war II. .
  • Who were the Nazis during the holocaust? - Q&A 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.faqs.org [Source type: General]

^ D. World War II. 1939-1951.
  • Finding Aid for the Collection of Socialist and Labor Movement Pamphlets and Books, 1886-1962 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.oac.cdlib.org [Source type: News]

.Early regulations required that all Wehrmacht members be non-political, and therefore any Nazi member joining in the 1930s was required to resign from the Nazi Party.^ And the committee consisted of all the party members.
  • MEIN KAMPF by Adolf Hitler - THE FIRST STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She may never have been a member of the Nazi party...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Members of the Nazi Party were in danger of defecting to other political organizations.
  • P2 - The Nazi Party, the Thule Society, the Occult, and German Freemasonry 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.freemasonrywatch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This regulation was soon waived, however, and there is ample evidence that full Nazi Party members served in the Wehrmacht in particular after the outbreak of World War II. The Wehrmacht Reserves also saw a high number of senior Nazis enlisting, with Reinhard Heydrich and Fritz Todt joining the Luftwaffe, and Major Ronald von Brysonstofen of the Waffen-SS, as well as Karl Hanke who served in the Army.^ Well there are some differences between the Nazi Party and the GOP .
  • Think Progress » RNC set to approve resolution rebranding the Democratic Party as ‘Democrat Socialist Party.’ 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ That means he was not just a member of the Nazi party, who may have joined for social reasons.
  • Schwarzenegger’s Nazi Fetish « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nazi activities of World War II. .
  • Disc Aircraft of The Third Reich 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.zamandayolculuk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Student membership

.In 1926, the NSDAP formed a special division to engage the student population, known as the National Socialist German Students' League (NSDStB).^ "German restitution for National Socialist crimes".
  • Nazi Gold Bibliography 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National Socialists form a living community.
  • Nazi Lauck NSDAP-AO Nazi Questions and Answers 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.auschwitz.biz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ National Socialist State, directed by the NSDAP".
  • The Avalon Project : Judgment : Dissenting Opinion 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC avalon.law.yale.edu [Source type: Original source]

Paramilitary groups

.In addition to the NSDAP proper, several paramilitary groups existed which "supported" Nazi aims.^ Statutory Functions of the Nazi War Criminal Records Interagency Working Group The legislation presents the Nazi War Criminal Records Interagency Working Group with several specific tasks.
  • Implementation of the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.archives.gov [Source type: Reference]

^ Dulles was of course a member of this group and had the additional motivation to cover up his ties and financial dealing with the Nazis and the Nazis were rabid in their hatred of communism.
  • Ratlines 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC www.spiritone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original Nazis, today’s Neo-Nazis and other hate groups used and still use several versions of the skull in their insignia.
  • Schwarzenegger’s Nazi Fetish « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All members of these paramilitary organizations were required to become regular Nazi Party members first and could then enlist in the group of their choice.^ And the committee consisted of all the party members.
  • MEIN KAMPF by Adolf Hitler - THE FIRST STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nazi Party Organization Book (1940) .
  • Reality Or Hoax? History In Controversy - The Holocaust: Nazi Germany & Zionism During WWII - 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC johnmccarthy90066.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She may never have been a member of the Nazi party...
  • Ain't It Cool News: The best in movie, TV, DVD, and comic book news. 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.aintitcool.com [Source type: Original source]

.A vast system of Nazi party paramilitary ranks developed for each of the various paramilitary groups.^ The biggest changes occurred between 1924 and 1928, when the Nazi party was organizing itself and developing its electoral tactics, its regional and local profiles, and its national platforms.
  • Spatial Analysis of the Nazi Party Vote, 1924-33: Identifying andTracking a Diffusion Process* 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Posted by Fiannan RonRosenbaum.com Some Differences Between Hamas and the Nazi Party It is ironic that much of the socialistic media in Europe presents Hamas as a group merely [...
  • RonRosenbaum.com » Some Differences Between Hamas and the Nazi Party 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC pajamasmedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Using the EI methodology, I am interested in whether the group of interest, the Nazi party, showed a significant gain over its opponents in turning out its voters.
  • Spatial Analysis of the Nazi Party Vote, 1924-33: Identifying andTracking a Diffusion Process* 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

The major Nazi Party paramilitary groups were as follows:
.The Hitler Youth was a paramilitary group divided into an adult leadership corps and a general membership open to boys aged fourteen to eighteen.^ Following his 14th birthday in 1941, Joseph Ratzinger joined the Hitler Youth, as membership was legally required in effect beginning March 25, 1939.
  • Rise of the Fourth Reich: Alex Jones Interviews Jim Marrs 13 January 2010 22:36 UTC www.infowars.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1995, the NL was banned and its membership disappeared into other German extremist groups.
  • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

^ AG said future generations would put one of two questions to today’s adults.
  • Gore and Nazis « Watts Up With That? 1 February 2010 3:29 UTC wattsupwiththat.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Party symbols

.
  • Nazi Flags: The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden ("blood and soil").^ National Front Party Flag National Front Party Flag (variant using Romanov colors) National Front Party Flag (variant using Romanov colors) .
    • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Examples of the Nazi colors black/white/red (flag colors) .
    • Schwarzenegger’s Nazi Fetish « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The AMERICAN Nazi Party are right wingers.
    • Dems rip Limbaugh's use of Nazi symbol - Glenn Thrush - POLITICO.com 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.politico.com [Source type: General]

    .Another definition of the flag describes the colours as representing the ideology of National Socialism, the swastika representing the Aryan race and the Aryan nationalist agenda of the movement; white representing Aryan racial purity; and red representing the socialist agenda of the movement.^ But now nationalism has another colour.
    • Pannekoek: Workers' councils 1950 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.kurasje.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ National Socialism was never socialist.
    • Noam Chomsky Compares Right-Wing Media to Nazi Germany - Democratic Underground 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.democraticunderground.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This flag actually predates the National Socialist Movement.
    • Historical Flags of Our Ancestors - Flags of Extremism 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.loeser.us [Source type: Reference]

    .Black, white and red were in fact the colors of the old North German Confederation flag (invented by Otto von Bismarck, based on the Prussian colours black and white and the red used by northern German states).^ Examples of the Nazi colors black/white/red (flag colors) .
    • Schwarzenegger’s Nazi Fetish « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Otto von Bismarck."
    • Wochenspruch der NSDAP 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC www.calvin.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But in 1867, the North German Confederation chose black, white and red as national colors--a combination of the colors of Prussia and the Hanseatic towns.
    • Nazi-Sozi Questions and Answers / Dr. Jospeh Goebbels - Stormfront 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    .In 1871, with the foundation of the German Reich, the flag of the North German Confederation became the German Reichsflagge ("Reich's flag").^ These colors were retained by the German Empire of 1871-1919....In 1919, the Weimar Constitution introduced black, red and gold as the Reich's national flag.
    • Nazi-Sozi Questions and Answers / Dr. Jospeh Goebbels - Stormfront 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The name Third Reich ( Drittes Reich , "Third Reich") refers to the state as the successor to the Holy Roman Empire of the Middle Ages and the German Empire of 1871–1918.
    • � Nazi Germany Specs �"; 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.aadet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But in 1867, the North German Confederation chose black, white and red as national colors--a combination of the colors of Prussia and the Hanseatic towns.
    • Nazi-Sozi Questions and Answers / Dr. Jospeh Goebbels - Stormfront 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Black, white and red became the colours of the nationalists through the following history (for example World War I and the Weimar Republic).
  • German Eagle: The Nazi party used the traditional German eagle, standing atop of a swastika inside a wreath of oak leaves.^ Nazi activities of World War II. .
    • Disc Aircraft of The Third Reich 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC www.zamandayolculuk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Examples of the Nazi colors black/white/red (flag colors) .
    • Schwarzenegger’s Nazi Fetish « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It combines brown, reds, blacks, and whites.
    • Socialist Party Campaign Clearinghouse News 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.vote-socialist.org [Source type: News]

    .When the eagle is looking to its left shoulder, it symbolises the Nazi party, and was called the Parteiadler.^ Curry showed that many modern myths about swastikas use the false belief that Nazis called their symbol a "swastika."
    • Nazi-Sozi Questions and Answers / Dr. Jospeh Goebbels - Stormfront 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC www.stormfront.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sufficient attention has been called to those people by the ridicule which the left-wing parties have bestowed on them.
    • MEIN KAMPF by Adolf Hitler - THE FIRST STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALIST LABOUR PARTY 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC www.globusz.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I would add: CNN is so far left that they allow a Host to call viewers Nazi's...and not offer a retraction, nor apology.
    • CNN Host D. L. Hughley: Republicans 'Literally Look Like Nazi Germany' | NewsBusters.org 28 January 2010 0:32 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

    .In contrast, when the eagle is looking to its right shoulder, it symbolises the country (Reich), and was therefore called the Reichsadler.^ But in the Anglosphere countries Hitler DOES still have his admirers among a tiny band of neo-Nazis and it is true that these are usually called the extreme Right.
    • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC jonjayray.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
    • HITLER WAS A SOCIALIST - a knol by john ray 24 January 2010 23:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ However, it is actually an ancient symbol that was used by the so-called Holy Roman Empire, which is considered to be the 1st German Reich.
    • Schwarzenegger’s Nazi Fetish « Dancing with Nazis 17 January 2010 2:32 UTC raumfahrer.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Does present day Germany, a wretched colony, have any right to call itself by the glorious name of independent country?
    • Program of the NSDAP - Wikisource 6 February 2010 12:44 UTC en.wikisource.org [Source type: Original source]

    After the Nazi party came to power in Germany, they forced the replacement of the traditional version of the German eagle with their modified party symbol throughout the country and all its institutions.

Slogans and songs

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary
  2. ^ Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. London; New York; San Diego:Harvest Book. Pp. 306
  3. ^ Curtis, Michael. 1979 Totalitarianism. New Brunswick (USA); London: Transactions Publishers. Pp. 36
  4. ^ Burch, Betty Brand. 1964 Dictatorship and Totalitarianism: Selected Readings. Pp. 58
  5. ^ Bruhn, Jodi; Maier, Hans Hans Maier. 2004. Totalitarianism and Political Religions: Concepts for the Comparison of Dictatorships. Routledge: Oxon (U.K.); New York. Pp. 32.
  6. ^ a b Fritzsche, Peter. 1998. Germans into Nazis. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; Eatwell, Roger, Fascism, A History, Viking/Penguin, 1996, pp.xvii-xxiv, 21, 26–31, 114–140, 352. Griffin, Roger. 2000. "Revolution from the Right: Fascism," chapter in David Parker (ed.) Revolutions and the Revolutionary Tradition in the West 1560-1991, Routledge, London.
  7. ^ http://www.politicalcompass.org/analysis2
  8. ^ Spector, Robert Melvin. World Without Civilization: Mass Murder And The Holocaust, History, And Analysis. University of America Press. Pp. 137.
  9. ^ a b Spector, Pp. 137.
  10. ^ Carlsten, F. L. The Rise of Fascism. University of California Press. Pp. 91
  11. ^ Carlsten, Pp. 91
  12. ^ Heiden 1933, p. 821
  13. ^ Hakim, Joy (1995). A History of Us: War, Peace and all that Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509514-6.  
  14. ^ Kershaw 2001, p. 179
  15. ^ Hitler 1998
  16. ^ Jablonsky, David. 1989. The Nazi Party in Dissolution: Hitler and the Verbotzeit, 1923-1925. Routledge. Pp. 57
  17. ^ Jablonsky, Pp. 57
  18. ^ Kershaw 2001, p. 310
  19. ^ Evans 2005, p. 372
  20. ^ Kershaw 2001, pp. 358–359
  21. ^ "Social democracy is objectively the moderate wing of fascism.. These organisations (ie Fascism and social democracy) are not antipodes, they are twins." (J.V.Stalin: Concerning the International Situation (September 1924), in Works, Volume 6, 1953; p.294.) This later led Otto Wille Kuusinen to conclude that "The aims of the fascists and the social-fascists are the same." (Report To the 10th Plenum of ECCI, in International Press Correspondence, Volume 9, no.40, (20 August, 1929), p.848.)

References

  • Evans, R. J. (2005), The Third Reich in power, 1933–1939, London: Penguin Books, ISBN 0-7139-9649-8  .
  • Hitler, Adolf (1998-09-15), Mein Kampf, Mariner Books, ISBN 0395925037  .
  • Heiden, Konrad (1933-09-15), "Les débuts du national-socialisme", Revue d'Allemagne 7 (71)  .
  • Kershaw, I. (2001), Hitler, New York: Longman, ISBN 0-582-47280-6  .

External links

.

Simple English

National Socialist German Workers’ Party
Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei
[[File:|center|130px]]
Former German National Party
Political ideology Nazism
Official Newspaper Völkischer Beobachter
See also Politics of Germany

Political parties in Germany
Elections in Germany

File:Flag of Germany
Symbol of National Socialism on the Flag of the German Reich (1933/1934 – 1945)

[[File:|thumb|200px|right|NSDAP Gaue 1926,1928,1933 & 1937]] The Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party, NSDAP), also known as the Nazi Party, was a German political party. It was started in 1920 from the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (German Workers' party) (DAP).[1] That party was renamed to NSDAP later. On the day of its founding, the party published its 25 point manifesto (book of ideas). The items in this list of ideas included getting rid of the Treaty of Versailles, gaining more land for the German people, to confiscate any income not earned through working, to take away citizenship from Jewish people, to reform the education system, freedom of religion except those that weakened the German nation, and to set up a strong central German government.[1] Until 1923, the party was most popular in Bavaria.

In 1923, Adolf Hitler and Erich Ludendorff tried to start a coup d'etat in Munich to take over Germany, but they failed. This battle was called the Beer Hall Putsch Hitler was given five years in prison for high treason. This is a very small sentence. Other people were given the death penalty. The NSDAP was also banned. While he was in prison, Adolf Hitler wrote most of Mein Kampf (My Struggle). In this book he wrote down his political ideas and his future plans for Germany.

In 1924, Adolf Hitler was released early from prison. He restarted the NSDAP. He wanted to gain power legally by elections. The next elections to the Reichstag were in 1928. Until then, the NSDAP was only one of a few nationalist, parties from the extreme right. There were many other parties with similar ideas then. Among people supporting the party were Fritz Thyssen and Emil Kirdorf, both leaders of big industries.

In the 1928 election, the party won 2.6 percent of the vote. The party decided to reduce antisemitic slogans, in order to do better next time. The party focused on terrorising the people, as well as more on international policy, and got around 10 % of the vote in local elections in 1929 and 1930.

In 1930, President Paul von Hindenburg dissolved the Reichstag. This was seen as an opportunity for the NSDAP. In the elections on September 14, 1930, the NSDAP won 18.3% of the vote, and was the second biggest party. What people wanted was to put away with the Weimar Republic Weimarer Republik. Weimar was the German city where the constitution for Germany was written after the First World War. People also wanted a stronger Germany with more troops. Germany banned from having some types of weapons and ships by the Treaty of Versailles. All those points were in the programme of the NSDAP. That is why so many people voted for them.

On the 30 January 1933, Franz von Papen offered to make Adolf Hitler Chancellor in a nationalist cabinet. This was done in secret. This was a Machtübergabe or transfer of power but later the NSDAP started to call this event the Machtergreifung (seizing power), because it was better for Nazi propaganda to say that they came and took over from the Weimar Republic, in stead of being made the legal government of the Weimar Republic.

In the last free election in Weimar Germany was in March 1933, the NSDAP won 44 % of the vote. This was not the majority. Nevertheless, they managed to get the required two thirds majority to pass the Ermächtigungsgesetz (Enabling Act). Based on this, they dissolved parliament, gave Hitler the power to do anything he wanted, and made all parties (except the NSDAP) illegal.

After this the NSDAP became very important. People had to be party members to get some jobs, or to get promoted. The NSDAP was busy until the surrender of Germany on 8 May 1945.

Impact

The NSDAP dissolved itself on 8 May 1945 and ceased to exist.

The made some reforms which still exist today.

  • In 1934 they decided that when two people marry, their belongings are still separate.
  • Costs for getting from home to work, and back again can be deducted from the taxes paid.
  • They made it harder for lenders to take goods from people owing them money.
  • In 1933 introduced extensive animal welfare and protection laws, the basis of animal protection laws today.

But the Nazis did so many bad things that in Germany today it is illegal to display the Swastika symbol (on the flag above) or use slogans such as Sieg Heil. In November 2010, a UK member of the European Parliament, Godfrey Bloom, was forced to leave the building. He had shouted the Nazi slogan, "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer", at a German member of the parliament.[2]

Sayings, mottos, and slogans

  • "Sieg Heil! Sieg Heil! Sieg Heil!"
    • "Hail Victory" (common Nazi chant at rallies)
  • "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer!"
    • "One people, one country, one leader!".[2]
  • "Deutschland, erwache!"
    • "Germany, Awake!" (A popular Nazi song by Dietrich Eckart and put on many propaganda banners.)
  • "Die Juden sind unser Unglück!" (An 1880 quote by German historian Heinrich von Treitschke)[3]
    • "The Jews are our misfortune!"[3]
  • "Lang lebe unser ruhmvoller Führer!"
    • "Long live our glorious leader!"
  • "Heute Deutschland, morgen die Welt!"
    • "Today Germany, tomorrow the world!"
  • "Die Deutschen immer vor dem Ausländer und den Juden!"
    • "The German always before the foreigner and Jew!"
  • "Sicher ist der Jude auch ein Mann, aber der Floh ist auch ein Tier"
    • "Certainly the Jew is also a man, but the flea is also an animal".

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Nazi Party, which are similar to those in the above article.








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