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Near-close near-front unrounded vowel: Wikis

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See also: IPA, Consonants
  Front Near- front Central Near- back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i · y
ɨ · ʉ
ɯ · u
ɪ · ʏ
e · ø
ɘ · ɵ
ɤ · o
ɛ · œ
ɜ · ɞ
ʌ · ɔ
a · ɶ
ɑ · ɒ
  Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents
a rounded vowel. Vowel length is indicated by appending  
ː
IPA – number 319
IPA – text ɪ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɪ
X-SAMPA I
Kirshenbaum I
About this sound Sound sample

The near-close near-front unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɪ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is I. The IPA symbol is a small capital letter i.

There is also a near-close central unrounded vowel in some languages.

Contents

Features

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Czech byli [ˈbɪlɪ] 'they were' See Czech phonology
Dutch ik [ɪ̽k] 'I' See Dutch phonology
English bit [bɪt] 'bit' See English phonology
French Quebec petite [pətsɪt] 'small' Occurs only in closed syllables. See Quebec French phonology
German bitte [ˈbɪtə] 'please' See German phonology
Irish duine [dˠɪnʲə] 'person' See Irish phonology
Mongolian[1] ? [xɪɾɘ̆] 'hillside'
Plautdietsch winta [vɪntə] 'winter'
Portuguese Brazilian[2] saque [ˈsakɪ] 'withdrawal' Unstressed vowel. See Portuguese phonology
Norwegian litt [lɪt] 'a little' See Norwegian phonology
Russian[3] дерево [ˈdʲerʲɪvə] 'tree' Occurs only in unstressed syllables. See Russian phonology
Scottish Gaelic thig [ɪk] 'come'
Sicilian arrìriri [arrɪriri] 'smile'
Swedish sill sv-sill.ogg [sɪl] 'herring' See Swedish phonology
Ukrainian кит [kɪt] 'whale' See Ukrainian phonology
Vietnamese ch [cɪi] 'elder sister' See Vietnamese phonology

References

Bibliography

  • Barbosa, Plínio A.; Albano, Eleonora C. (2004), "Brazilian Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (2): 227–232 
  • Iivonen, Antti; Harnud, Huhe (2005), "Acoustical comparison of the monophthong systems in Finnish, Mongolian and Udmurt", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 35 (1): 59–71 
  • Jones, Daniel; Dennis, Ward (1969), The Phonetics of Russian, Cambridge University Press 
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