The Full Wiki

More info on Near-open central vowel

Near-open central vowel: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

See also: IPA, Consonants
  Front Near- front Central Near- back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i · y
ɨ · ʉ
ɯ · u
ɪ · ʏ
ɪ̈ · ʊ̈
e · ø
ɘ · ɵ
ɤ · o
ɛ · œ
ɜ · ɞ
ʌ · ɔ
ɐ
a · ɶ
ɑ · ɒ
  Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Where symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents
a rounded vowel. Vowel length is indicated by appending  
ː
IPA – number 324
IPA – text ɐ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɐ
X-SAMPA 6
Kirshenbaum &"
About this sound Sound sample

The near-open central vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɐ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is 6. The IPA symbol is an upside-down printed letter 'a'.

Contents

Features

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Arabic Standard[1] ? [t̪afɑqɑˈtɐː] ? Allophone of long and short /a/ before a word boundary. See Arabic phonology
Chinese Cantonese sam1 [sɐm˥] 'heart' See Standard Cantonese
Danish spiser [ˈsb̥i(ˀ)sɐ] 'eat(s)' (present) See Danish phonology
English California[2] nut [nɐt] 'nut' <ʌ> may be used to transcribe this vowel as it corresponds to /ʌ/ in other dialects. See English phonology
RP[3]
New Zealand[4] car [kʰɐː] 'car' May be fronted to [ɐ̟ː] for some speakers.[5] See New Zealand English
German Ober [ˈoːbɐ] 'waiter' Reduced vowel. See German phonology
Portuguese Brazilian[6] saca [sakɐ] 'sack' Reduced vowel. In European Portuguese it may be closer to a mid vowel.[7] See Portuguese phonology
Russian[8] голова [ɡəlɐˈva] 'head' Occurs mostly immediately before stressed syllables. See Russian phonology
Tadaksahak [nɐ] 'to give'
Vietnamese ăn [ɐn] 'to eat' See Vietnamese phonology

Notes

References

  • Barbosa, Plínio A.; Albano, Eleonora C. (2004), "Brazilian Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 34 (2): 227–232  
  • Cruz-Ferreira, Madalena (1995), "European Portuguese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 25 (2): 90–94  
  • Kortmann, Bernd; Schneider, Edgar W (2004)). Burridge, Kate. ed. A handbook of varieties of English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.  
  • Ladefoged, Peter (1999), "American English", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press, p. 41–44  
  • Padgett, Jaye; Tabain, Marija (2005), "Adaptive Dispersion Theory and Phonological Vowel Reduction in Russian", Phonetica 62 (1): 14–54  
  • Roca, Iggy; Johnson, Wyn (1999). A Course in Phonology. Blackwell Publishing.  
  • Thelwall, Robin (1990), "Illustrations of the IPA: Arabic", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 20 (2): 37–41  
Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message