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Nehalem, Oregon
—  City  —
The Nehalem business district looking east along Highway 101.
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°42′57″N 123°53′44″W / 45.71583°N 123.89556°W / 45.71583; -123.89556
Country United States
State Oregon
County Tillamook
Incorporated 1889
Government
 - Mayor Shirley Kalkhoven
Area
 - Total 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 - Land 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 11 ft (3.35 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 203
 - Density 860.6/sq mi (326.6/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97131
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-51700[1]
GNIS feature ID 1136565[2]

Nehalem is a city in Tillamook County, Oregon, United States. Incorporated in 1889, the city is located on the Nehalem River at Nehalem Bay of the Pacific Ocean. It is bisected by U.S. Route 101. The population was 203 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Nehalem was named for the Nehalem Indians. They were also known as the Tillamook.

Nehalem was once a thriving logging community, but with the decline of the logging industry, the local economy has drastically declined. The city used to stretch out over the river on log planks, where a lumber mill once cut the logs that came down a railroad track on the Nehalem River. Wood pilings that held up this railroad track can still be found in the North Fork Nehalem River. On the front face of Nehalem Elementary school there is an original facade which says "Union High School" from when the area was more populous and could support both an elementary school and a high school. Currently there is an elementary school and a community pool with a small annex which hosts a few classes for Tillamook Community College.

The city suffers from occasional floods. The flood of 1997 in particular was very severe; especially to local dairy farms.

The Portland band Everclear has a song, "Nehalem", on their Sparkle and Fade album about life in the small town.

Nehalem was the location for the HGTV Dream Home contest in 2000 where a lucky contestant won a furnished home and an automobile.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²), all of it land.[3]

The business district of the city runs for one block along Highway 101 with the Nehalem River running alongside. All the buildings are raised up to avoid the flooding from the river. Nehalem has one traffic signal.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 203 people, 84 households, and 58 families residing in the city. The population density was 860.6 people per square mile (326.6/km²). There were 121 housing units at an average density of 513.0/sq mi (194.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.03% White, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

There were 84 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 107.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,250, and the median income for a family was $47,679. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $27,813 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,408. About 9.0% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 3.0% of those sixty five or over.

References

External links

Coordinates: 45°42′57″N 123°53′44″W / 45.715854°N 123.895636°W / 45.715854; -123.895636

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