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Nelson Mandela 
OM KStJ AC CC QC
Nelson Mandela on his 90th birthday in 2008.
Mandela in 2008

In office
10 May 1994 – 14 June 1999
Deputy Thabo Mbeki
Frederik Willem de Klerk
Preceded by Frederik Willem de Klerk
Succeeded by Thabo Mbeki

In office
3 September 1998 – 14 June 1999
Preceded by Andrés Pastrana Arango
Succeeded by Thabo Mbeki

Born 18 July 1918 (1918-07-18) (age 91)
Mvezo, South Africa
Birth name Rolihlahla Mandela
Political party African National Congress
Spouse(s) Evelyn Ntoko Mase (1944–1957)
Winnie Madikizela (1957–1996)
Graça Machel (1998–present)
Residence Houghton Estate, South Africa
Alma mater University of Fort Hare
University of London External System
University of South Africa
University of the Witwatersrand
Religion Methodism
Signature Signature of Nelson Mandela
Website Mandela Foundation
Apartheid in South Africa
Events and Projects
Organisations
People
Places
Other aspects
.Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Xhosa pronunciation: [xoˈliɬaɬa manˈdeːla];), born 18 July 1918,[1] served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, the first South-African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election.^ Black South Africans voted for the first time in the 1994 election that brought Mandela the presidency of South Africa.
  • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President of South Africa, the first to be elected in fully representative democratic elections .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nelson Mandela:President of South Africa, the first to be elected in fully representative democratic elections [Internet].
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist, and the leader of the African National Congress's armed wing Umkhonto we Sizwe.^ Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti- apartheid activist and leader of the African National Congress and its armed wing Umkhonto we Sizwe .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of Queen Mantfombi's sons is expected to eventually succeed Goodwill as monarch of the Zulus , whose Inkatha Party leader, Mangosuthu Buthelezi , was one of the political rivals of Mandela, before and during his presidency.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner -dominated National Party with its apartheid policy of racial segregation , Mandela was prominent in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People , whose adoption of the Freedom Charter provided the fundamental program of the anti-apartheid cause.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The South African courts convicted him on charges of sabotage, as well as other crimes committed while he led the movement against apartheid.^ He spent 27 years in prison, much of it on Robben Island , on convictions for crimes that included sabotage committed while he spearheaded the struggle against apartheid.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela informed director Spike Lee that he could not utter the phrase on camera fearing that the apartheid government would use it against him if he did.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charges included involvement in planning armed action, in particular four charges of sabotage , which Mandela admitted to, and a conspiracy to help other countries invade South Africa, which Mandela denied.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In accordance with his conviction's sentence, Mandela served 27 years in prison, spending many of these years on Robben Island.^ On 25 October 1962 , Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later, Winnie would be deeply torn by family discord which mirrored the country's political strife; while her husband was serving a life sentence on the Robben Island prison, her father became the agriculture minister in the Transkei.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A worldwide campaign to free Mandela began in the 1980s and resulted in his release on February 11, 1990, at age 71, after 27 years in prison.
  • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

.Following his release from prison on 11 February 1990, Mandela supported reconciliation and negotiation, and helped lead the transition towards multi-racial democracy in South Africa.^ Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison in Paarl on 11 February 1990 .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ De Klerk announced Mandela's release in February 1990.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Following his release from prison on 11 February 1990 , his switch to a policy of reconciliation and negotiation helped lead the transition to multi-racial democracy in South Africa.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since the end of apartheid, many have frequently praised Mandela, including former opponents.^ Since the end of apartheid, he has been widely praised, even by former opponents.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In South Africa he is often known as Madiba, an honorary title adopted by elders of Mandela's clan.^ In South Africa he is often known as Madiba , an honorary title adopted by elders of Mandela's clan.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Young Nelson Mandela Mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the Thembu dynasty which (nominally) reigns in the Transkeian Territories of the Union of South Africa 's Cape Province .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second charge accused the defendants of plotting a foreign invasion of South Africa, which Mandela denied.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The title has come to be synonymous with Nelson Mandela.^ The title has come to be synonymous with Nelson Mandela.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mandela has received more than 250 awards over four decades, most notably the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize.^ Mandela has received more than one hundred awards over four decades, most notably the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: List of Nelson Mandela awards and honours Mandela has received many South African, foreign and international honours, including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 (which was shared with Frederik Willem de Klerk ), the Order of Merit and the Order of St. John from Queen Elizabeth II and the Presidential Medal of Freedom from George W. Bush .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela's leadership through the negotiations, as well as his relationship with President F.W. de Klerk, was recognised when they were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly announced that Mandela's birthday, 18 July, is to be known as 'Mandela Day' to mark his contribution to world freedom.^ Simple Minds recorded the song Mandela Day for the concert, Santana recorded the instrumental Mandela , and Tracy Chapman performed Freedom Now , dedicated to Mandela and released on her album Crossroads .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 18 July 2007 , Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel , and Desmond Tutu convened a group of world leaders in Johannesburg to contribute their wisdom and independent leadership to address the world's toughest problems.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Is it because the secretary-general of the United Nations is now a black man?
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Contents

Early life

.Mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the Thembu dynasty, which reigns in the Transkeian Territories of South Africa's Cape Province.^ Young Nelson Mandela Mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the Thembu dynasty which (nominally) reigns in the Transkeian Territories of the Union of South Africa 's Cape Province .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There's Mr. Mandela, Mr. Nelson Mandela, a free man taking his first steps into a new South Africa.
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As a member by marriage of a reigning foreign dynasty, she was able to visit her father during his South African imprisonment while other family members were denied access.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .He was born in Mvezo, a small village located in the district of Umtata, the Transkei capital.^ He was born in the small village of Mvezo in the district of Umtata , the Transkei capital.
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[3] .His patrilineal great-grandfather Ngubengcuka (who died in 1832), ruled as the Inkosi Enkhulu, or king, of the Thembu people.^ His great-grandfather was Ngubengcuka (died 1832), the Inkosi Enkhulu or King of the Thembu people, who were eventually subjected to British colonial rule.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .One of the king's sons, named Mandela, became Nelson's grandfather and the source of his surname.^ One of the king's sons, named Mandela , became Nelson's grandfather and the source of his surname .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ KING: We're back with Nelson Mandela.
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the most popular was from the The Specials who recorded the song Nelson Mandela in 1983.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, because he was only the Inkosi's child by a wife of the Ixhiba clan (the so-called "Left-Hand House"[5]), the descendants of his branch of the royal family were not eligible to succeed to the Thembu throne.^ However, being only the Inkosi's child by a wife of the Ixhiba clan (the so-called "Left-Hand House"), the descendants of his branch of the royal family were not eligible to succeed to the Thembu throne.
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^ Mandela was born to Gadla's third wife ('third' by a complex royal ranking system), Nosekeni Fanny , daughter of Nkedama of the Mpemvu Xhosa clan, the dynastic Right Hand House, in whose umzi or homestead Mandela spent much of his childhood.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He also became close friends with his kinsman , Kaiser ("K.D.") Matanzima who, however, as royal scion of the Thembu Right Hand House, was destined for the throne of Transkei, a role that later led him to embrace Bantustan policies which made him and Mandela political enemies.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mandela's father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, served as chief of the town of Mvezo.^ His father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa (1880–1928), was nonetheless designated chief of the town of Mvezo.
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[6] .However, upon alienating the colonial authorities, they deprived Mphakanyiswa of his position, and moved his family to Qunu.^ Upon alienating the colonial authorities, however, he was deprived of his position, and moved his family to Qunu.
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.Despite this, Mphakanyiswa remained a member of the Inkosi's Privy Council, and served an instrumental role in Jongintaba Dalindyebo's ascension to the Thembu throne.^ Gadla remained, however, a member of the Inkosi's Privy Council , and was instrumental in the ascension to the Thembu throne of Jongintaba Dalindyebo , who would later return this favour by informally adopting Mandela upon Gadla's death.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Dalindyebo would later return the favour by informally adopting Mandela upon Mphakanyiswa's death.^ Gadla remained, however, a member of the Inkosi's Privy Council , and was instrumental in the ascension to the Thembu throne of Jongintaba Dalindyebo , who would later return this favour by informally adopting Mandela upon Gadla's death.
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[7] .Mandela's father had four wives,[7] with whom he fathered a total of thirteen children (four boys and nine girls).^ Mandela's father had four wives, with whom he fathered a total of thirteen children (four boys and nine girls).
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^ Mandela has been married three times, has fathered six children, has twenty grandchildren, and a growing number of great-grandchildren.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ayob claimed that this money was paid to the South African Revenue Service , to Mandela's children and grandchildren, to Mandela himself, and to an accounting company for four years of accounting work.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .Mandela was born to his third wife ('third' by a complex royal ranking system), Nosekeni Fanny.^ Mandela was born to Gadla's third wife ('third' by a complex royal ranking system), Nosekeni Fanny , daughter of Nkedama of the Mpemvu Xhosa clan, the dynastic Right Hand House, in whose umzi or homestead Mandela spent much of his childhood.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Fanny was a daughter of Nkedama of the Mpemvu Xhosa clan, the dynastic Right Hand House, in whose umzi or homestead Mandela spent much of his childhood.^ Mandela was born to Gadla's third wife ('third' by a complex royal ranking system), Nosekeni Fanny , daughter of Nkedama of the Mpemvu Xhosa clan, the dynastic Right Hand House, in whose umzi or homestead Mandela spent much of his childhood.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] His given name Rolihlahla means "to pull a branch of a tree", or more colloquially, "troublemaker".[9][10]
Rolihlahla Mandela became the first member of his family to attend a school, where his teacher Miss Mdingane gave him the English name "Nelson".[11]
Nelson Mandela circa 1937[12]
.When Mandela was nine, his father died of tuberculosis,[7] and the regent, Jongintaba, became his guardian.^ His father died of tuberculosis when Rolihlahla was nine, and the Regent , Jongintaba, became his guardian .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela's father had four wives, with whom he fathered a total of thirteen children (four boys and nine girls).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ironically, it was this paramount chief 's grandfather, the Regent Jongintaba, whose selection of a bride for him prompted Mandela to flee to Johannesburg as a young man.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .Mandela attended a Wesleyan mission school located next to the palace of the regent.^ Mandela attended a Wesleyan mission school next door to the palace of the Regent.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Destined to inherit his father's position as a privy councillor, in 1937 Mandela moved to Healdtown , the Wesleyan college in Fort Beaufort which most Thembu royalty attended.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Following Thembu custom, he was initiated at age sixteen, and attended Clarkebury Boarding Institute.^ Following Thembu custom, he was initiated at age sixteen, and attended Clarkebury Boarding Institute .
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[13] .Mandela completed his Junior Certificate in two years, instead of the usual three.^ He completed his Junior Certificate in two years, instead of the usual three.
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^ A further three years elapsed until Mandela's offer was repeated to Major's successor, Tony Blair , when the president visited London in July 1997.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .Designated to inherit his father's position as a privy councillor, in 1937 Mandela moved to Healdtown, the Wesleyan college in Fort Beaufort which most Thembu royalty attended.^ Destined to inherit his father's position as a privy councillor, in 1937 Mandela moved to Healdtown , the Wesleyan college in Fort Beaufort which most Thembu royalty attended.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela attended a Wesleyan mission school next door to the palace of the Regent.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .At nineteen, he took an interest in boxing and running at the school.^ Aged nineteen, he took an interest in boxing and running .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
.After enrolling, Mandela began to study for a Bachelor of Arts at the Fort Hare University, where he met Oliver Tambo.^ MANDELA: Especially because Oliver Tambo, who really overshadowed all of us in his wisdom, his commitment, his humility, but he had the stroke and he eventually died.
  • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

Tambo and Mandela became lifelong friends and colleagues. .Mandela also became close friends with his kinsman, Kaiser ("K.D.") Matanzima who, as royal scion of the Thembu Right Hand House, was in line for the throne of Transkei[5], a role that would later lead him to embrace Bantustan policies.^ He also became close friends with his kinsman , Kaiser ("K.D.") Matanzima who, however, as royal scion of the Thembu Right Hand House, was destined for the throne of Transkei, a role that later led him to embrace Bantustan policies which made him and Mandela political enemies.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later, Winnie would be deeply torn by family discord which mirrored the country's political strife; while her husband was serving a life sentence on the Robben Island prison, her father became the agriculture minister in the Transkei.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, being only the Inkosi's child by a wife of the Ixhiba clan (the so-called "Left-Hand House"), the descendants of his branch of the royal family were not eligible to succeed to the Thembu throne.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His support of these policies would place him and Mandela on opposing political sides.^ Mandela informed director Spike Lee that he could not utter the phrase on camera fearing that the apartheid government would use it against him if he did.
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^ Mandela stated he would support action against Iraq only if it is ordered by the UN .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .At the end of Nelson's first year, he became involved in a Students' Representative Council boycott against university policies, and was told to leave Fort Hare and not return unless he accepted election to the SRC.[15] Later in his life, while in prison, Mandela studied for a Bachelor of Laws from the University of London External Programme.^ Whilst in prison Mandela undertook study with the University of London by correspondence through its External Programme and received the degree of Bachelor of Laws .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the end of Nelson's first year, he became involved in a boycott by the Students' Representative Council against the university policies, and was asked to leave Fort Hare .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later, while imprisoned, Mandela studied for a Bachelor of Laws from the University of London External Programme (see below).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Shortly after leaving Fort Hare, Jongintaba announced to Mandela and Justice (the regent's son and heir to the throne) that he had arranged marriages for both of them. .The young men, displeased by the arrangement, elected to relocate to Johannesburg.^ Both young men were displeased by this and rather than marry, they elected to flee the comforts of the Regent's estate to go to Johannesburg .
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[16] .Upon his arrival, Mandela initially found employment as a guard at a mine.^ Upon his arrival, Mandela initially found employment as a guard at a mine.
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[17] .However, the employer quickly terminated Mandela after learning that he was the Regent's runaway ward.^ However, this was quickly terminated after the employer learned that Mandela was the Regent's runaway adopted son.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mandela later started work as an articled clerk at a Johannesburg law firm, Witkin, Sidelsky and Edelman, through connections with his friend and mentor, realtor Walter Sisulu.^ He later started work as an articled clerk at a law firm thanks to connections with his friend and mentor, realtor Walter Sisulu .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later, while imprisoned, Mandela studied for a Bachelor of Laws from the University of London External Programme (see below).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, he later co-operated with his friend, journalist Anthony Sampson who discussed those issues in Mandela: The Authorised Biography .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17] .While working at Witkin, Sidelsky and Edelman, Mandela completed his B.A. degree at the University of South Africa via correspondence, after which he began law studies at the University of Witwatersrand, where he first befriended fellow students and future anti-apartheid political activists Joe Slovo, Harry Schwarz and Ruth First.^ While working there, he completed his B.A. degree at the University of South Africa via correspondence, after which he started with his law studies at the University of Witwatersrand , where he first befriended fellow students and future anti-apartheid political activists Joe Slovo , Harry Schwarz and Ruth First .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Young Nelson Mandela Mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the Thembu dynasty which (nominally) reigns in the Transkeian Territories of the Union of South Africa 's Cape Province .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In South Africa's first post-apartheid military operation , Mandela ordered troops into Lesotho in September 1998 to protect the government of Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Slovo would eventually become Mandela's Minister of Housing, while Schwarz would become his Ambassador to Washington. .During this time, Mandela lived in Alexandra township, north of Johannesburg.^ During this time Mandela lived in Alexandra township, north of Johannesburg.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Rivonia Trial On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeen months, and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort.
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^ While Mandela was imprisoned, police arrested prominent ANC leaders on 11 July 1963 , at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia, north of Johannesburg.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]

Political activity

.After the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner-dominated National Party, which supported the apartheid policy of racial segregation,[19] Mandela began actively participating in politics.^ The ANC won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President , with the National Party's de Klerk as his first deputy and Thabo Mbeki as the second in the Government of National Unity .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner -dominated National Party with its apartheid policy of racial segregation , Mandela was prominent in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People , whose adoption of the Freedom Charter provided the fundamental program of the anti-apartheid cause.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa Following his release from prison, Mandela returned to the leadership of the ANC and, between 1990 and 1994, led the party in the multi-party negotiations that led to the country's first multi-racial elections.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He led prominently in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People, whose adoption of the Freedom Charter provided the fundamental basis of the anti-apartheid cause.^ After the 1948 election victory of the Afrikaner -dominated National Party with its apartheid policy of racial segregation , Mandela was prominent in the ANC's 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People , whose adoption of the Freedom Charter provided the fundamental program of the anti-apartheid cause.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti- apartheid activist and leader of the African National Congress and its armed wing Umkhonto we Sizwe .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The campaign to erect the statue was started in 2000 by the late Donald Woods , a South African journalist driven into exile because of his anti-apartheid activities.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20][21] .During this time, Mandela and fellow lawyer Oliver Tambo operated the law firm of Mandela and Tambo, providing free or low-cost legal counsel to many blacks who lacked attorney representation.^ During this time, Mandela and fellow lawyer Oliver Tambo operated the law firm of Mandela and Tambo , providing free or low-cost legal counsel to many blacks who would otherwise have been without representation.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, he later co-operated with his friend, journalist Anthony Sampson who discussed those issues in Mandela: The Authorised Biography .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His old friend and colleague Oliver Tambo, who had led the organisation in exile during Mandela's imprisonment, became National Chairperson.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]
Mahatma Gandhi influenced Mandela's approach, and subsequently the methods of succeeding generations of South African anti-apartheid activists.[23][24] .Mandela even took part in the 29–30 January 2007 conference in New Delhi marking the 100th anniversary of Gandhi's introduction of satyagraha (non-violent resistance) in South Africa.^ Indeed, Mandela took part in the 29 January – 30 January 2007 conference in New Delhi which marked the 100th anniversary of Gandhi's introduction of satyagraha in South Africa.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Young Nelson Mandela Mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the Thembu dynasty which (nominally) reigns in the Transkeian Territories of the Union of South Africa 's Cape Province .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 29 August 2007 , a statue of Nelson Mandela was unveiled at Parliament Square in London by Richard Attenborough , Ken Livingstone , Wendy Woods, and Gordon Brown .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25]
.Initially committed to nonviolent resistance, Mandela and 150 others were arrested on 5 December 1956 and charged with treason.^ Initially committed to non-violent mass struggle , Mandela was arrested with 150 others on 5 December 1956 and charged with treason.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The marathon Treason Trial of 1956–1961 followed, with all defendants receiving acquittals.^ The marathon Treason Trial of 1956–61 followed, and all were acquitted.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .From 1952–1959, a new class of black activists known as the Africanists disrupted ANC activities in the townships, demanding more drastic steps against the National Party regime.^ From 1952–59 the ANC experienced disruption as a new class of Black activists (Africanists) emerged in the townships demanding more drastic steps against the National Party regime.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ANC won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President , with the National Party's de Klerk as his first deputy and Thabo Mbeki as the second in the Government of National Unity .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was speculated that this was to remove the influence of these senior leaders on the new generation of young black activists imprisoned on Robben Island, the so-called "Mandela University".
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] .The ANC leadership under Albert Luthuli, Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu felt not only that the Africanists were moving too fast but also that they challenged their leadership.^ The ANC leadership of Albert Luthuli , Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu felt not only that events were moving too fast, but also that their leadership was challenged.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] .The ANC leadership consequently bolstered their position through alliances with small White, Coloured, and Indian political parties in an attempt to give the appearance of wider appeal than the Africanists.^ They consequently bolstered their position by alliances with small White, Coloured and Indian political parties in an attempt to appear to have a wider appeal than the Africanists.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] .The Africanists ridiculed the 1955 Freedom Charter Kliptown Conference for the concession of the 100,000-strong ANC to just a single vote in a Congressional alliance.^ The 1955 Freedom Charter Kliptown Conference was ridiculed by the Africanists for allowing the 100,000-strong ANC to be relegated to a single vote in a Congress alliance, in which four secretaries-general of the five participating parties were members of the secretly reconstituted South African Communist Party (SACP), strongly adhering to the Moscow line.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Four secretaries-general of the five participating parties secretly belonged to the reconstituted South African Communist Party (SACP), strongly adhering to the Moscow line.^ The 1955 Freedom Charter Kliptown Conference was ridiculed by the Africanists for allowing the 100,000-strong ANC to be relegated to a single vote in a Congress alliance, in which four secretaries-general of the five participating parties were members of the secretly reconstituted South African Communist Party (SACP), strongly adhering to the Moscow line.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela's approach was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi , who inspired him and succeeding generations of South African anti-apartheid activists.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, National Party minister Kobie Coetsee says that the move was to enable discreet contact between them and the South African government.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28][29] .In 2003 Blade Nzimande, the SACP General Secretary, revealed that Walter Sisulu, the ANC Secretary-General, secretly joined the SACP in 1955[30] which meant all five Secretaries General were SACP and thus explains why Sisulu relegated the ANC from a dominant role to one of five equals.^ The 1955 Freedom Charter Kliptown Conference was ridiculed by the Africanists for allowing the 100,000-strong ANC to be relegated to a single vote in a Congress alliance, in which four secretaries-general of the five participating parties were members of the secretly reconstituted South African Communist Party (SACP), strongly adhering to the Moscow line.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ANC leadership of Albert Luthuli , Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu felt not only that events were moving too fast, but also that their leadership was challenged.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1959, the ANC lost its most militant support when most of the Africanists, with financial support from Ghana and significant political support from the Transvaal-based Basotho, broke away to form the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) under the direction of Robert Sobukwe and Potlako Leballo.^ In 1959 the ANC lost its most militant support when most of the Africanists, with financial support from Ghana and significant political support from the Transvaal -based Basotho , broke away to form the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) under Robert Sobukwe and Potlako Leballo .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31]

Anti-apartheid activities

In 1961, Mandela became leader of the ANC's armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (translated Spear of the Nation, and also abbreviated MK), which he co-founded.[32] .He coordinated sabotage campaigns against military and government targets, making plans for a possible guerrilla war if the sabotage failed to end apartheid.^ He coordinated a sabotage campaign against military and government targets, and made plans for a possible guerrilla war if sabotage failed to end apartheid.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela informed director Spike Lee that he could not utter the phrase on camera fearing that the apartheid government would use it against him if he did.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few decades later, MK did wage a guerrilla war against the regime, especially during the 1980s, in which many civilians were killed.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] Mandela also raised funds for MK abroad and arranged for paramilitary training of the group.[33]
.Fellow ANC member Wolfie Kadesh explains the bombing campaign led by Mandela: "When we knew that we [sic] going to start on 16 December 1961, to blast the symbolic places of apartheid, like pass offices, native magistrates courts, and things like that ...^ Fellow ANC member Wolfie Kadesh describes the bombing campaign led by Mandela: "When we knew that we going to start on December 16 , 1961 , to blast the symbolic places of apartheid, like pass offices, native magistrates courts, and things like that ...
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela went on to explain how they developed the Manifesto of Umkhonto we Sizwe on 16 December 1961 intent on exposing the failure of the National Party's policies after the economy would be threatened by foreigners' unwillingness to risk investing in the country.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among opponents of apartheid in South Africa and internationally, he became a symbol of freedom and equality, while the apartheid government and nations sympathetic to it condemned him and the ANC as communists and terrorists .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

post offices and ... the government offices. .But we were to do it in such a way that nobody would be hurt, nobody would get killed."^ But we were to do it in such a way that nobody would be hurt, nobody would get killed."
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34] Mandela said of Wolfie: "His knowledge of warfare and his first hand battle experience were extremely helpful to me."[10]
.Mandela described the move to armed struggle as a last resort; years of increasing repression and violence from the state convinced him that many years of non-violent protest against apartheid had not and could not achieve any progress.^ Mandela explains the move to embark on armed struggle as a last resort, when increasing repression and violence from the state convinced him that many years of non-violent protest against apartheid had achieved nothing and could not succeed.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He urged the people of the U.S. to join massive protests against Bush and called on world leaders, especially those with vetoes in the UN Security Council , to oppose him.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our resort to the armed struggle in 1960 with the formation of the military wing of the ANC ( Umkhonto we Sizwe ) was a purely defensive action against the violence of apartheid.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10][35]
Later, mostly in the 1980s, MK waged a guerrilla war against the apartheid regime in which many civilians became casualties.[33] .Mandela later admitted that the ANC, in its struggle against apartheid, also violated human rights, sharply criticising those in his own party who attempted to remove statements supporting this fact from the reports of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.^ Mandela later admitted that the ANC, in its struggle against apartheid, also violated human rights, and has sharply criticised attempts by parts of his party to remove statements supporting this fact from the reports of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela explains the move to embark on armed struggle as a last resort, when increasing repression and violence from the state convinced him that many years of non-violent protest against apartheid had achieved nothing and could not succeed.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He declared his commitment to peace and reconciliation with the country's white minority, but made it clear that the ANC's armed struggle was not yet over: .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36]
.Up until July 2008, Mandela and ANC party members were barred from entering the United States — except the United Nations headquarters in Manhattan — without a special waiver from the US Secretary of State, because of their South African apartheid regime era designation as terrorists.^ Up until July 2008, Mandela and ANC party members were barred from entering the United States —except the United Nations headquarters in Manhattan — without a special waiver from the US Secretary of State , due to their designation as terrorists by the former South African apartheid regime.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Is it because the secretary-general of the United Nations is now a black man?
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^ From 1952–59 the ANC experienced disruption as a new class of Black activists (Africanists) emerged in the townships demanding more drastic steps against the National Party regime.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37][38]

Arrest and Rivonia trial

.On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeen months, and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort.^ Main article: Rivonia Trial On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeen months, and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort.
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^ During this time Mandela lived in Alexandra township, north of Johannesburg.
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^ While Mandela was imprisoned, police arrested prominent ANC leaders on 11 July 1963 , at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia, north of Johannesburg.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[39] The arrest was made possible because the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) tipped off the security police as to Mandela's whereabouts and disguise.[40][41][42] .Three days later, the charges of leading workers to strike in 1961 and leaving the country illegally were read to him during a court appearance.^ Three days later, the charges of leading workers to strike in 1961 and leaving the country illegally were read to him during a court appearance.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On 25 October 1962, Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison.^ On 25 October 1962 , Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Later the same year, at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) at Edinburgh in October 1997, Mandela warned: .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Robben Island prison yard Nelson Mandela's prison cell on Robben Island Nelson Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island where he remained for the next eighteen of his twenty-seven years in prison.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Two years later on 11 June 1964, a verdict had been reached concerning his previous engagement in the African National Congress (ANC).^ Two years later on 11 June 1964 , a verdict had been reached concerning his previous engagement in the African National Congress (ANC).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ African National Congress ( 1992 - 04-12 ).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ African National Congress ( 1992 - 06-18 ).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]
.While Mandela was imprisoned, police arrested prominent ANC leaders on 11 July 1963, at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia, north of Johannesburg.^ While Mandela was imprisoned, police arrested prominent ANC leaders on 11 July 1963 , at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia, north of Johannesburg.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The arrest was made possible because the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) tipped off the security police as to Mandela's whereabouts and disguise.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On 18 July 2007 , Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel , and Desmond Tutu convened a group of world leaders in Johannesburg to contribute their wisdom and independent leadership to address the world's toughest problems.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Mandela was brought in, and at the Rivonia Trial they were charged by the chief prosecutor Dr. Percy Yutar with the capital crimes of sabotage (which Mandela admitted) and crimes which were equivalent to treason, but easier for the government to prove.[44] .The second charge accused the defendants of plotting a foreign invasion of South Africa, which Mandela denied.^ The second charge accused the defendants of plotting a foreign invasion of South Africa, which Mandela denied.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Young Nelson Mandela Mandela belongs to a cadet branch of the Thembu dynasty which (nominally) reigns in the Transkeian Territories of the Union of South Africa 's Cape Province .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charges included involvement in planning armed action, in particular four charges of sabotage , which Mandela admitted to, and a conspiracy to help other countries invade South Africa, which Mandela denied.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44]
.In his statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the trial on 20 April 1964 at Pretoria Supreme Court, Mandela laid out the reasoning in the ANC's choice to use violence as a tactic.^ In his statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the trial on 20 April 1964 at Pretoria Supreme Court, Mandela laid out the clarity of reasoning in the ANC's choice to use violence as a tactic.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I am Prepared to Die" — Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial ".
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^ His statement revealed how the ANC had used peaceful means to resist apartheid for years until the Sharpeville Massacre .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .His statement described how the ANC had used peaceful means to resist apartheid for years until the Sharpeville Massacre.^ His statement revealed how the ANC had used peaceful means to resist apartheid for years until the Sharpeville Massacre .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .That event coupled with the referendum establishing the Republic of South Africa and the declaration of a state of emergency along with the banning of the ANC made it clear to Mandela and his compatriots that their only choice was to resist through acts of sabotage and that doing otherwise would have been tantamount to unconditional surrender.^ That event coupled with the referendum establishing the Republic of South Africa and the declaration of a state of emergency along with the banning of the ANC made it clear that their only choice was to resist through acts of sabotage.
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^ Doing otherwise would have been tantamount to unconditional surrender.
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^ However, talks resumed following the Bisho massacre in September 1992, when the spectre of violent confrontation made it clear that negotiations were the only way forward.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46] .Mandela went on to explain how they developed the Manifesto of Umkhonto we Sizwe on 16 December 1961 intent on exposing the failure of the National Party's policies after the economy would be threatened by foreigners' unwillingness to risk investing in the country.^ Mandela went on to explain how they developed the Manifesto of Umkhonto we Sizwe on 16 December 1961 intent on exposing the failure of the National Party's policies after the economy would be threatened by foreigners' unwillingness to risk investing in the country.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ANC won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President , with the National Party's de Klerk as his first deputy and Thabo Mbeki as the second in the Government of National Unity .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ African National Congress ( 1961 - 12-16 ).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[47] He closed his statement with these words:
.During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people.^ During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people.
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.I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.^ I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.
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.I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.^ I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. .But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.^ But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35]
Bram Fischer, Vernon Berrange, Harry Schwarz, Joel Joffe, Arthur Chaskalson and George Bizos were part of the defence team that represented the accused.[48] .Harold Hanson was brought in at the end of the case to plead mitigation.^ Harold Hanson was brought in at the end of the case to plead mitigation.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] .All except Rusty Bernstein were found guilty, but they escaped the gallows and were sentenced to life imprisonment on 12 June 1964.[49] Charges included involvement in planning armed action, in particular four charges of sabotage, which Mandela admitted to, and a conspiracy to help other countries invade South Africa, which Mandela denied.^ All except Rusty Bernstein were found guilty, but they escaped the gallows and were sentenced to life imprisonment on 12 June 1964 .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Charges included involvement in planning armed action, in particular four charges of sabotage , which Mandela admitted to, and a conspiracy to help other countries invade South Africa, which Mandela denied.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela was brought in, and at the Rivonia Trial , they were charged by the chief prosecutor Dr. Percy Yutar with the capital crimes of sabotage (which Mandela admitted) and crimes which were equivalent to treason , but easier for the government to prove.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49]

Imprisonment

Robben Island prison yard
Nelson Mandela's prison cell on Robben Island
.Nelson Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island where he remained for the next eighteen of his twenty-seven years in prison.^ Robben Island prison yard Nelson Mandela's prison cell on Robben Island Nelson Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island where he remained for the next eighteen of his twenty-seven years in prison.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How the CIA sent Nelson Mandela to prison for 28 years ".
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^ The Nelson Mandela Invitational charity golf tournament, hosted by Gary Player , has raised over twenty million rands for children's charities since its inception in 2000.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50] .While in jail, his reputation grew and he became widely known as the most significant black leader in South Africa.^ Among opponents of apartheid in South Africa and internationally, he became a symbol of freedom and equality, while the apartheid government and nations sympathetic to it condemned him and the ANC as communists and terrorists .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This was widely seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.
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^ Mandela encouraged black South Africans to get behind the previously hated Springboks (the South African national rugby team) as South Africa hosted the 1995 Rugby World Cup .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .On the island, he and others performed hard labour in a lime quarry.^ On the island, he and others performed hard labour in a lime quarry.
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[51] .Prison conditions were very basic.^ Prison conditions were very basic.
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.Prisoners were segregated by race, with black prisoners receiving the fewest rations.^ Prisoners were segregated by race, with black prisoners receiving the fewest rations.
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[52] Political prisoners were kept separate from ordinary criminals and received fewer privileges.[53] .Mandela describes how, as a D-group prisoner (the lowest classification) he was allowed one visitor and one letter every six months.^ Mandela describes how, as a D-group prisoner (the lowest classification) he was allowed one visitor and one letter every six months.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In November 1994 – six months after his election as president – Mandela formally proposed that South Africa should be the venue for the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How the CIA sent Nelson Mandela to prison for 28 years ".
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54] Letters, when they came, were often delayed for long periods and made unreadable by the prison censors.[10]
.Whilst in prison Mandela undertook study with the University of London by correspondence through its External Programme and received the degree of Bachelor of Laws.^ Later, while imprisoned, Mandela studied for a Bachelor of Laws from the University of London External Programme (see below).
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whilst in prison Mandela undertook study with the University of London by correspondence through its External Programme and received the degree of Bachelor of Laws .
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While working there, he completed his B.A. degree at the University of South Africa via correspondence, after which he started with his law studies at the University of Witwatersrand , where he first befriended fellow students and future anti-apartheid political activists Joe Slovo , Harry Schwarz and Ruth First .
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[55] .He was subsequently nominated for the position of Chancellor of the University of London in the 1981 election, but lost to Princess Anne.^ He was subsequently nominated for the position of Chancellor of the University of London in the 1981 election , but lost to Princess Anne .
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[55]
.In his 1981 memoir Inside BOSS[56] secret agent Gordon Winter describes his involvement in a plot to rescue Mandela from prison in 1969: this plot was infiltrated by Winter on behalf of South African intelligence, who wanted Mandela to escape so they could shoot him during recapture.^ In his 1981 memoir Inside BOSS [17] secret agent Gordon Winter describes his involvement in a plot to rescue Mandela from prison in 1969: this plot was infiltrated by Winter on behalf of South African intelligence, who wanted Mandela to escape so they could shoot him during recapture.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela informed director Spike Lee that he could not utter the phrase on camera fearing that the apartheid government would use it against him if he did.
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^ Mandela criticised Mugabe in 2000, referring to African leaders who had liberated their countries but had then overstayed their welcome.
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.The plot was foiled by British Intelligence.^ The plot was foiled by British Intelligence.
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[56]
In March 1982 Mandela was transferred from Robben Island to Pollsmoor Prison, along with other senior ANC leaders Walter Sisulu, Andrew Mlangeni, Ahmed Kathrada and Raymond Mhlaba.[54] .It was speculated that this was to remove the influence of these senior leaders on the new generation of young black activists imprisoned on Robben Island, the so-called "Mandela University".[57] However, National Party minister Kobie Coetsee says that the move was to enable discreet contact between them and the South African government.^ It was speculated that this was to remove the influence of these senior leaders on the new generation of young black activists imprisoned on Robben Island, the so-called "Mandela University".
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^ However, National Party minister Kobie Coetsee says that the move was to enable discreet contact between them and the South African government.
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^ Up until July 2008, Mandela and ANC party members were barred from entering the United States —except the United Nations headquarters in Manhattan — without a special waiver from the US Secretary of State , due to their designation as terrorists by the former South African apartheid regime.
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[58]
In February 1985 President P.W. Botha offered Mandela conditional release in return for renouncing armed struggle.[59] Coetsee and other ministers had advised Botha against this, saying that Mandela would never commit his organisation to giving up the armed struggle in exchange for personal freedom.[60] .Mandela indeed spurned the offer, releasing a statement via his daughter Zindzi saying "What freedom am I being offered while the organisation of the people remains banned?^ Mandela indeed spurned the offer, releasing a statement via his daughter Zindzi saying "What freedom am I being offered while the organisation of the people remains banned?
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In February 1985 President P.W. Botha offered Mandela conditional release in return for renouncing armed struggle.
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^ On 2 February 1990 , State President F.W. de Klerk reversed the ban on the ANC and other anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Mandela would shortly be released from prison.
  • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Only free men can negotiate. A prisoner cannot enter into contracts."[58]
The first meeting between Mandela and the National Party government came in November 1985 when Kobie Coetsee met Mandela in Volks Hospital in Cape Town where Mandela was recovering from prostate surgery.[61] .Over the next four years, a series of tentative meetings took place, laying the groundwork for further contact and future negotiations, but little real progress was made.^ Over the next four years, a series of tentative meetings took place, laying the groundwork for further contact and future negotiations, but little real progress was made.
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[58]
In 1988 Mandela was moved to Victor Verster Prison and would remain there until his release. Various restrictions were lifted and people such as Harry Schwarz were able to visit him. Schwarz, a friend of Mandela, had known him since university when they were in the same law class. He was also a defense barrister at the Rivonia Trial and would become Mandela's ambassador to Washington during his presidency.
.Throughout Mandela's imprisonment, local and international pressure mounted on the South African government to release him, under the resounding slogan Free Nelson Mandela![62] In 1989, South Africa reached a crossroads when Botha suffered a stroke and was replaced as president by Frederik Willem de Klerk.^ This time, it's the story of Nelson Mandela (Morgan Freeman), who attempts to unite South Africa by hosting the 1995 Rugby World Cup.
  • 'Avatar,' Nelson Mandela film 'Invictus,' Disney's 'Princess and Frog' and other holiday fare headed to your local movie theater | Grand Rapids Entertainment - - MLive.com 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.mlive.com [Source type: General]

^ 'Avatar,' Nelson Mandela film 'Invictus,' Disney's 'Princess and Frog' and other holiday fare headed to your local movie theater .
  • 'Avatar,' Nelson Mandela film 'Invictus,' Disney's 'Princess and Frog' and other holiday fare headed to your local movie theater | Grand Rapids Entertainment - - MLive.com 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.mlive.com [Source type: General]

[63] De Klerk announced Mandela's release in February 1990.[64]
Nelson Mandela was visited several times by delegates of the International Committee of the Red Cross, while at Robben Island and later at Pollsmoor prison.
...to me personally, and those who shared the experience of being political prisoners, the Red Cross was a beacon of humanity within the dark inhumane world of political imprisonment.” [65][66]

Release

Mandela meeting with US President Bill Clinton shortly after his release
On 2 February 1990, State President F.W. de Klerk reversed the ban on the ANC and other anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Mandela would shortly be released from prison.[67] Mandela was released from Victor Verster Prison in Paarl on 11 February 1990. The event was broadcast live all over the world.[68]
On the day of his release, Mandela made a speech to the nation.[69] He declared his commitment to peace and reconciliation with the country's white minority, but made it clear that the ANC's armed struggle was not yet over:
Our resort to the armed struggle in 1960 with the formation of the military wing of the ANC (Umkhonto we Sizwe) was a purely defensive action against the violence of apartheid. The factors which necessitated the armed struggle still exist today. We have no option but to continue. We express the hope that a climate conducive to a negotiated settlement would be created soon, so that there may no longer be the need for the armed struggle.
He also said his main focus was to bring peace to the black majority and give them the right to vote in both national and local elections.[69]

Negotiations

Following his release from prison, Mandela returned to the leadership of the ANC and, between 1990 and 1994, led the party in the multi-party negotiations that led to the country's first multi-racial elections.[70]
In 1991, the ANC held its first national conference in South Africa after its unbanning, electing Mandela as President of the organisation. His old friend and colleague Oliver Tambo, who had led the organisation in exile during Mandela's imprisonment, became National Chairperson.[71]
Mandela's leadership through the negotiations, as well as his relationship with President F.W. de Klerk, was recognised when they were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. However, the relationship was sometimes strained, particularly so in a sharp exchange in 1991 when he furiously referred to De Klerk as the head of "an illegitimate, discredited, minority regime". The talks broke down following the Boipatong massacre in June 1992 when Mandela took the ANC out of the negotiations, accusing De Klerk's government of complicity in the killings.[72] However, talks resumed following the Bisho massacre in September 1992, when the spectre of violent confrontation made it clear that negotiations were the only way forward.[10]
Following the assassination of ANC leader Chris Hani in April 1993, there were renewed fears that the country would erupt in violence.[73] Mandela addressed the nation appealing for calm, in a speech regarded as 'presidential' even though he was not yet president of the country at that time:
Tonight I am reaching out to every single South African, black and white, from the very depths of my being. A white man, full of prejudice and hate, came to our country and committed a deed so foul that our whole nation now teeters on the brink of disaster. A white woman, of Afrikaner origin, risked her life so that we may know, and bring to justice, this assassin. The cold-blooded murder of Chris Hani has sent shock waves throughout the country and the world. ...Now is the time for all South Africans to stand together against those who, from any quarter, wish to destroy what Chris Hani gave his life for – the freedom of all of us.[74]
While some riots did follow the assassination, the negotiators were galvanised into action, and soon agreed that democratic elections should take place on 27 April 1994, just over a year after Hani's assassination.[58]

Presidency of South Africa

South Africa's first multi-racial elections in which full enfranchisement was granted were held on 27 April 1994. The ANC won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President, with the National Party's de Klerk as his first deputy and Thabo Mbeki as the second in the Government of National Unity.[75] As President from May 1994 until June 1999, Mandela presided over the transition from minority rule and apartheid, winning international respect for his advocacy of national and international reconciliation.[76] Mandela encouraged black South Africans to get behind the previously hated Springboks (the South African national rugby team) as South Africa hosted the 1995 Rugby World Cup.[77] (This is the theme of the 2009 film Invictus.) After the Springboks won an epic final over New Zealand, Mandela presented the trophy to captain Francois Pienaar, an Afrikaner, wearing a Springbok shirt with Pienaar's own number 6 on the back. This was widely seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.[78]
After assuming the presidency, one of Mandela's trademarks was his use of Batik shirts, known as "Madiba shirts", even on formal occasions.[79] In South Africa's first post-apartheid military operation, Mandela ordered troops into Lesotho in September 1998 to protect the government of Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili. This came after a disputed election prompted fierce opposition threatening the unstable government.[80] Commentators and critics including AIDS activists such as Edwin Cameron have criticised Mandela for his government's ineffectiveness in stemming the AIDS crisis.[81][82] After his retirement, Mandela admitted that he may have failed his country by not paying more attention to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.[83][84] Mandela has since spoken out on several occasions against the AIDS epidemic.[85][86]

Lockerbie trial

President Mandela took a particular interest in helping to resolve the long-running dispute between Gaddafi's Libya, on the one hand, and the United States and Britain on the other, over bringing to trial the two Libyans who were indicted in November 1991 and accused of sabotaging Pan Am Flight 103, which crashed at the Scottish town of Lockerbie on 21 December 1988, with the loss of 270 lives.[87] As early as 1992, Mandela informally approached President George H.W. Bush with a proposal to have the two indicted Libyans tried in a third country. Bush reacted favourably to the proposal, as did President François Mitterrand of France and King Juan Carlos I of Spain.[88] In November 1994 – six months after his election as president – Mandela formally proposed that South Africa should be the venue for the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial.[89]
However, British Prime Minister, John Major, flatly rejected the idea saying the British government did not have confidence in foreign courts.[90] A further three years elapsed until Mandela's offer was repeated to Major's successor, Tony Blair, when the president visited London in July 1997. Later the same year, at the 1997 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) at Edinburgh in October 1997, Mandela warned:
"No one nation should be complainant, prosecutor and judge."
A compromise solution was then agreed for a trial to be held at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands, governed by Scots law, and President Mandela began negotiations with Colonel Gaddafi for the handover of the two accused (Megrahi and Fhimah) in April 1999.[91] At the end of their nine-month trial, the verdict was announced on 31 January 2001. Fhimah was found not guilty but Megrahi was convicted and sentenced to 27 years in a Scottish jail. Megrahi's initial appeal was turned down in March 2002, and former president Mandela went to visit him in Barlinnie prison on 10 June 2002.
'Megrahi is all alone', Mandela told a packed press conference in the prison's visitors room. 'He has nobody he can talk to. It is psychological persecution that a man must stay for the length of his long sentence all alone. It would be fair if he were transferred to a Muslim country — and there are Muslim countries which are trusted by the West. It will make it easier for his family to visit him if he is in a place like the kingdom of Morocco, Tunisia or Egypt.'[92]
Megrahi was subsequently moved to Greenock jail and out of solitary confinement.[93] In August 2009 Megrahi, suffering from cancer and expected to have only 3 months left to live, was released on compassionate grounds and allowed to return to Libya. The Nelson Mandela Foundation expressed its support for the decision to release Megrahi in a letter sent to the Scottish Government on behalf of Mandela.[94]

Marriage and family

Mandela has been married three times, has fathered six children, has twenty grandchildren, and a growing number of great-grandchildren. He is grandfather to Chief Mandla Mandela.[95]

First marriage

Mandela's first marriage was to Evelyn Ntoko Mase who, like Mandela, was also from what later became the Transkei area of South Africa, although they actually met in Johannesburg.[96] The couple broke up in 1957 after 13 years, divorcing under the multiple strains of his constant absences, devotion to revolutionary agitation, and the fact she was a Jehovah's Witness, a religion which requires political neutrality.[97] Evelyn Mase died in 2004.[98] The couple had two sons, Madiba Thembekile (Thembi) (1946–1969) and Makgatho Mandela (1950–2005) , and two daughters, both named Makaziwe Mandela (known as Maki; born 1947 and 1953). Their first daughter died aged nine months, and they named their second daughter in her honour.[99] All their children were educated at the United World College of Waterford Kamhlaba.[100] Thembi was killed in a car crash in 1969 at the age of twenty-five, while Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island, and Mandela was not allowed to attend the funeral.[101] Makgatho died of AIDS in 2005.

Second marriage

Mandela's second wife, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, also came from the Transkei area, although they, too, met in Johannesburg, where she was the city's first black social worker.[102] They had two daughters, Zenani (Zeni), born 4 February 1958, and Zindziswa (Zindzi) Mandela-Hlongwane, born 1960.[102] Zindzi was only 18 months old when her father was sent to Robben island. Later, Winnie would be deeply torn by family discord which mirrored the country's political strife; while her husband was serving a life sentence on the Robben Island prison, her father became the agriculture minister in the Transkei.[102] The marriage ended in separation (April 1992) and divorce (March 1996), fuelled by political estrangement.[103]
Mandela still languished in prison when his daughter Zenani was married to Prince Thumbumuzi Dlamini in 1973, elder brother of King Mswati III of Swaziland.[104] Although she had vivid memories of her father, from the age of four up until sixteen, South African authorities did not permit her to visit him.[105] The Dlamini couple live and run a business in Boston.[106] One of their sons, Prince Cedza Dlamini (born 1976), educated in the United States, has followed in his grandfather's footsteps as an international advocate for human rights and humanitarian aid.[106]
Zindzi Mandela-Hlongwane made history worldwide when she read out Mandela's speech refusing his conditional pardon in 1985. She is a businesswoman in South Africa with three children, the eldest of whom is a son, Zondwa Gadaffi Mandela.[107]

Third marriage

Mandela was remarried, on his 80th birthday in 1998, to Graça Machel née Simbine, widow of Samora Machel, the former Mozambican president and ANC ally who was killed in an air crash 12 years earlier.[108] The wedding followed months of international negotiations to set the unprecedented bride-price to be remitted to Machel's clan. Said negotiations were conducted on Mandela's behalf by his traditional sovereign, King Buyelekhaya Zwelibanzi Dalindyebo.[109] The paramount chief's grandfather was the regent Jongintaba Dalindyebo, who had arranged a marriage for Mandela, which he eluded by fleeing to Johannesburg in 1940.[16]
Mandela still maintains a home at Qunu in the realm of his royal nephew (second cousin thrice-removed in Western reckoning), whose university expenses he defrayed and whose privy councillor he remains.[110]

Retirement

Mandela became the oldest elected President of South Africa when he took office at the age of 75 in 1994. He decided not to stand for a second term and retired in 1999, to be succeeded by Thabo Mbeki.
After his retirement as President, Mandela went on to become an advocate for a variety of social and human rights organisations. He has expressed his support for the international Make Poverty History movement of which the ONE Campaign is a part.[111] The Nelson Mandela Invitational charity golf tournament, hosted by Gary Player, has raised over twenty million rand for children's charities since its inception in 2000.[112] This annual special event has become South Africa's most successful charitable sports gathering and benefits both the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund and Gary Player Foundation equally for various children's causes around the world.[113]
Mandela is a vocal supporter of SOS Children's Villages, the world's largest organisation dedicated to raising orphaned and abandoned children.[114] Mandela appeared in a televised advertisement for the 2006 Winter Olympics, and was quoted for the International Olympic Committee's Celebrate Humanity campaign:[115]
For seventeen days, they are roommates. For seventeen days, they are soulmates. And for twenty-two seconds, they are competitors. Seventeen days as equals. Twenty-two seconds as adversaries. What a wonderful world that would be. That's the hope I see in the Olympic Games.

Health

In July 2001 Mandela was diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer. He was treated with a seven-week course of radiation.[116] In 2003 Mandela's death was incorrectly announced by CNN when his pre-written obituary (along with those of several other famous figures) was inadvertently published on CNN's web site due to a fault in password protection.[117] In 2007 a fringe right-wing group distributed hoax email and SMS messages claiming that the authorities had covered up Mandela's death and that white South Africans would be massacred after his funeral. Mandela was on holiday in Mozambique at the time.[118]
In June 2004, at age 85, Mandela announced that he would be retiring from public life. His health had been declining, and he wanted to enjoy more time with his family. Mandela said that he did not intend to hide away totally from the public, but wanted to be in a position "of calling you to ask whether I would be welcome, rather than being called upon to do things and participate in events. My appeal therefore is: Don't call me, I will call you."[119] Since 2003, he has appeared in public less often and has been less vocal on topical issues.[120] He is white-haired and walks slowly with the support of a stick. There are reports that he may be suffering from age-related dementia.[121]
Mandela's 90th birthday was marked across the country on 18 July 2008, with the main celebrations held at his home town of Qunu.[122] A concert in his honour was also held in Hyde Park, London.[123] In a speech to mark his birthday, Mandela called for the rich people to help poor people across the world.[122]

Elders

On 18 July 2007, Nelson Mandela, Graça Machel, and Desmond Tutu convened a group of world leaders in Johannesburg to contribute their wisdom and independent leadership to address the world's toughest problems. Nelson Mandela announced the formation of this new group, The Elders, in a speech he delivered on the occasion of his 89th birthday.[124]
Archbishop Tutu serves as the chair of The Elders. The founding members of this group also include Graça Machel, Kofi Annan, Ela Bhatt, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Jimmy Carter, Li Zhaoxing, Mary Robinson and Muhammad Yunus.[125]
"This group can speak freely and boldly, working both publicly and behind the scenes on whatever actions need to be taken", Mandela commented. "Together we will work to support courage where there is fear, foster agreement where there is conflict, and inspire hope where there is despair."[126]

AIDS engagement

Since his retirement, one of Mandela's primary commitments has been to the fight against AIDS. He gave the closing address at the XIII International AIDS Conference in 2000, in Durban, South Africa.[127] In 2003, he had already lent his support to the 46664 AIDS fundraising campaign, named after his prison number.[128] In July 2004, he flew to Bangkok to speak at the XV International AIDS Conference.[129] His son, Makgatho Mandela, died of AIDS on 6 January 2005.[130] Mandela's AIDS activism is chronicled in Stephanie Nolen's book, 28: Stories of AIDS in Africa.

Criticism of U.S. and U.K. Foreign policy

Nelson Mandela had strongly oppossed the 1999 NATO intervention in Kosovo and called it an attempt by the world's powerful nations to police the entire world.[131] In 2002 and 2003, Mandela criticised the foreign policy of the administration of U.S. president George W. Bush in a number of speeches.[132][133] Criticising the lack of UN involvement in the decision to begin the War in Iraq, he said, "It is a tragedy, what is happening, what Bush is doing. But Bush is now undermining the United Nations." Mandela stated he would support action against Iraq only if it is ordered by the UN. Mandela also insinuated that the United States may have been motivated by racism in not following the UN and its secretary-general Kofi Annan on the issue of the war. "Is it because the secretary-general of the United Nations is now a black man? They never did that when secretary-generals [sic] were white".[134]
He urged the people of the U.S. to join massive protests against Bush and called on world leaders, especially those with vetoes in the UN Security Council, to oppose him.[135] "What I am condemning is that one power, with a president who has no foresight, who cannot think properly, is now wanting to plunge the world into a holocaust." He attacked the United States for its record on human rights and for dropping atomic bombs on Japan during World War II. "If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America. They don't care."[134] Nelson Mandela also harshly condemned British Prime Minister Tony Blair and referred to him as the "foreign minister of the United States.".[136]

Ismail Ayob controversy

Ismail Ayob was a trusted friend and personal attorney of Mandela for over 30 years. In May 2005, Ayob was asked by Mandela to stop selling prints signed by Mandela and to account for the proceeds of their sale. This bitter dispute led to an extensive application to the High Court of South Africa by Mandela that year.[137] Ayob denied any wrongdoing,[138] and claimed that he was the victim of a smear campaign orchestrated by Mandela's advisors, in particular, lawyer George Bizos.[139]
In 2005, and 2006 Ayob, his wife, and son were subjected to a verbal attack by Mandela's advisors. The dispute was widely reported in the media, with Ayob being portrayed in a negative light, culminating in the action by Mandela to the High Court. There were public meetings at which Mandela associates attacked Ayob and there were calls for Ayob and his family to be ostracised by society.[140] The defence of Ismail and Zamila Ayob (his wife, and a fellow respondent) included documents signed by Mandela and witnessed by his secretaries, that, they claimed, refuted many of the allegations made by Nelson Mandela and his advisors.[141]
The dispute again made headlines in February 2007 when, during a hearing in the Johannesburg High Court, Ayob promised to pay R700 000 to Mandela, which Ayob had transferred into trusts for Mandela's children, and apologised,[142][143] although he later claimed that he was the victim of a "vendetta", by Mandela.[144] Some media commentators expressed sympathy for Ayob's position, pointing out that Mandela's iconic status would make it difficult for Ayob to be treated fairly.[139]

Allegations

Ayob, George Bizos and Wim Trengove were trustees of the Nelson Mandela Trust, which was set up to hold millions of rands donated to Nelson Mandela by prominent business figures, including the Oppenheimer family, for the benefit of his children and grandchildren.[145] Ayob later resigned from the Trust. In 2006, the two remaining trustees of the Nelson Mandela Trust launched an application against Ayob for disbursing money from the trust without their consent.[146] Ayob claimed that this money was paid to the South African Revenue Service, to Mandela's children and grandchildren, to Mandela himself, and to an accounting company for four years of accounting work.[143]
Bizos and Trengrove refused to ratify the payments to the children and grandchildren of Nelson Mandela and the payments to the accounting firm. A court settlement was reached in which this money, totalling over R700,000 was paid by Ismail Ayob to the trust on the grounds that Ayob had not sought the express consent of the other two trustees before disbursing the money.[147] It was alleged that Ayob made defamatory remarks about Mandela in his affidavit, for which the court order stated that Ayob should apologise.[148] It was pointed out that these remarks, which centred on Nelson Mandela holding foreign bank accounts and not paying tax on these, had not originated from Ayob's affidavit but from Nelson Mandela's and George Bizos's own affidavits.[149]

Blood Diamond controversy

In a The New Republic article in December 2006, Nelson Mandela was criticised for a number of positive comments he had made about the diamond industry. There were concerns that this would benefit suppliers of blood diamonds.[150] In a letter to Edward Zwick, the director of the motion picture Blood Diamond, Mandela had noted that:
...it would be deeply regrettable if the making of the film inadvertently obscured the truth, and, as a result, led the world to believe that an appropriate response might be to cease buying mined diamonds from Africa. ... We hope that the desire to tell a gripping and important real life historical story will not result in the destabilization of African diamond producing countries, and ultimately their peoples.[151]
The New Republic article claims that this comment, as well as various pro-diamond-industry initiatives and statements during his life and during his time as a president of South Africa, were influenced by both his friendship with Harry Oppenheimer, former chairman of De Beers, as well as an outlook for 'narrow national interests' of South Africa (which is a major diamond producer).[152]

Zimbabwe and Robert Mugabe

Robert Mugabe, the president of Zimbabwe who has led the country since independence in 1980, has been widely criticised internationally for the 1980s fighting which killed about 3000 people as well as corruption, incompetent administration, political oppression and cronyism that has ultimately led to the economic collapse of the country.[153][154]
Despite their common background as national liberators, Mandela and Mugabe were seldom seen as close. Mandela criticised Mugabe in 2000, referring to African leaders who had liberated their countries but had then overstayed their welcome.[155][156] In his retirement, Mandela spoke out less often on Zimbabwe and other international and domestic issues,[120] sometimes leading to criticism for not using his influence to greater effect to persuade Mugabe to moderate his policies.[157] His lawyer George Bizos revealed that Mandela has been advised on medical grounds to avoid engaging in stressful activity such as political controversy.[158] Nonetheless, in 2007, Mandela attempted to persuade Mugabe to leave office "sooner than later", with "a modicum of dignity", before he was hounded out like Augusto Pinochet. Mugabe did not respond to this approach.[159] In June 2008, at the height of the crisis over the Zimbabwean presidential election, Mandela condemned the "tragic failure of leadership" in Zimbabwe.[160]

Acclaim

Fighter for liberation of South Africa Nelson Mandela on a 1988 USSR commemorative stamp
Mandela rightly occupies an untouched place in the South African imagination. He's the national liberator, the savior, its Washington and Lincoln rolled into one.
 

Orders and decorations

Mandela has received many South African, foreign and international honours, including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 (which was shared with Frederik Willem de Klerk),[162] the Order of Merit and the Order of St. John from Queen Elizabeth II and the Presidential Medal of Freedom from George W. Bush.[163][164] In July 2004, the city of Johannesburg bestowed its highest honour on Mandela by granting him the freedom of the city at a ceremony in Orlando, Soweto.[165]
As an example of his popular foreign acclaim, during his tour of Canada in 1998, 45,000 school children greeted him with adulation at a speaking engagement in the SkyDome in the city of Toronto.[166] In 2001, he was the first living person to be made an honorary Canadian citizen (the only previous recipient, Raoul Wallenberg, was awarded honorary citizenship posthumously).[167] While in Canada, he was also made an honorary Companion of the Order of Canada, one of the few foreigners to receive the honour.[168]
In 1990 he received the Bharat Ratna Award from the government of India and also received the last ever Lenin Peace Prize from Russia.[169] In 1992 he was awarded the Atatürk Peace Award by Turkey. He refused the award citing human rights violations committed by Turkey at the time, but later accepted the award in 1999.[170]

Musical tributes

Many artists have dedicated songs to Mandela. One of the most popular was from the The Specials who recorded the song "Free Nelson Mandela" in 1983. Stevie Wonder dedicated his 1985 Oscar for the song "I Just Called to Say I Love You" to Mandela, resulting in his music being banned by the South African Broadcasting Corporation.[171] In 1985, Youssou N'Dour's album Nelson Mandela was the Senegalese artist's first United States release.
In 1988, the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute concert at London's Wembley Stadium was a focal point of the anti-apartheid movement, with many musicians voicing their support for Mandela.[172] Jerry Dammers, the author of Nelson Mandela, was one of the organisers.[172] Simple Minds recorded the song "Mandela Day" for the concert,[172] Santana recorded the instrumental "Mandela",[172] Tracy Chapman performed "Freedom Now", dedicated to Mandela and released on her album Crossroads,[172] Salif Keita from Mali, who played at the concert, later visited South Africa and in 1995 recorded the song "Mandela" on his album Folon.[172] and Whitney Houston performed and dedicated the gospel song "He I Believe".
In South Africa, "Asimbonanga (Mandela)" ("We Have Not Seen Him") became one of Johnny Clegg's most famous songs, appearing on his Third World Child album in 1987.[173] Hugh Masekela, in exile in the UK, sang "Bring Him Back Home (Nelson Mandela)" in 1987.[174] Brenda Fassie's 1989 song "Black President", a tribute to Mandela, was hugely popular even though it was banned in South Africa.[175] Nigerian reggae musician Majek Fashek released the single, "Free Mandela", in 1992, making him one of many Nigerian recording artists who had released songs related to the anti-apartheid movement and to Mandela himself.
In 1990, Hong Kong rock band Beyond released a popular Cantonese song, "Days of Glory". The anti-apartheid song featured lyrics referring to Mandela's heroic struggle for racial equality.[176] The group Ladysmith Black Mambazo accompanied Mandela to the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in Oslo, Norway in 1993, and performed for his inaugaration in 1994. In 2003, Mandela lent his weight to the 46664 campaign against AIDS, named after his prison number. Many prominent musicians performed in concerts as part of this campaign.[177]
A summary of Mandela's life story is featured in the 2006 music video "If Everyone Cared" by Nickelback.[178] Raffi's song "Turn This World Around" is based on a speech given by Mandela where he explained the world needs to be "turned around, for the children".[179] A tribute concert for Mandela's 90th birthday took place in Hyde Park, London on 27 June 2008.[180]

Published biographies

Mandela's autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, was published in 1994. Mandela had begun work on it secretly while in prison.[181] In that book Mandela did not reveal anything about the alleged complicity of F.W. de Klerk in the violence of the eighties and nineties, or the role of his ex-wife Winnie Mandela in that bloodshed. However, he later co-operated with his friend, journalist Anthony Sampson who discussed those issues in Mandela: The Authorised Biography.[182] Another detail that Mandela omitted was the allegedly fraudulent book, Goodbye Bafana.[183] Its author, Robben Island warder James Gregory, claimed to have been Mandela's confidant in prison and published details of the prisoner's family affairs.[183] Sampson maintained that Mandela had not known Gregory well, but that Gregory censored the letters sent to the future president and thus discovered the details of Mandela's personal life. Sampson also averred that other warders suspected Gregory of spying for the government and that Mandela considered suing Gregory.[184]

Cinema and television

The film Mandela and De Klerk told the story of Mandela's release from prison.[185] Mandela was played by Sidney Poitier. Goodbye Bafana, a feature film that focuses on Mandela's life, had its world premiere at the Berlin film festival on 11 February 2007. The film starred Dennis Haysbert as Mandela and chronicled Mandela's relationship with prison guard James Gregory.[186]
On the American television series The Cosby Show Cliff and Claire Huxtable's grandchildren were named Nelson and Winnie in honor of Mandela and his then wife Winnie.
In the final scene of the 1992 movie Malcolm X, Mandela – recently released after 27 years of political imprisonment – appears as a schoolteacher in a Soweto classroom.[187] He recites a portion of one of Malcolm X's most famous speeches, including the following sentence: "We declare our right on this earth to be a human being, to be respected as a human being, to be given the rights of a human being in this society, on this earth, in this day, which we intend to bring into existence..." The famous final phrase of that sentence is "by any means necessary."[188] Mandela informed director Spike Lee that he could not utter the phrase on camera fearing that the apartheid government would use it against him if he did. Lee obliged, and the final seconds of the film feature black-and-white footage of Malcolm X himself delivering the phrase.[188]
Mandela and Springboks captain, Francois Pienaar, are the focus of a 2008 book by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation,[189] that spotlights the role of the 1995 Rugby World Cup win in post-apartheid South Africa. Carlin sold the film rights to Morgan Freeman.[190] The film, entitled Invictus,[191] was directed by Clint Eastwood, and featured Freeman as Nelson Mandela and Matt Damon as Pienaar.[190]
In a forthcoming BBC television one-off drama Mrs Mandela, Nelson Mandela will be portrayed by David Harewood and Sophie Okonedo will play his former wife Winnie Mandela.[192]

Statues and civic tributes

Tributes to Nelson Mandela
The statue of Mandela in Parliament Square, London.
Nelson Mandela Gardens in Leeds
Nelson Mandela Bridge in Johannesburg
On 30 April 2001, Nelson Mandela Gardens in Millenium Square, Leeds was officially opened and Nelson Mandela was awarded the freedom of the city and awarded a commemorative 'golden owl' (the heraldric symbol of Leeds). In a speech outside Leeds Civic Hall in front of 5000 people, mistakenly Mandela famously thanked 'the people of Liverpool for their generosity'.[193]
On 31 March 2004, Sandton Square in Johannesburg was renamed Nelson Mandela Square, after a 6-metre statue of Nelson Mandela was installed on the square to honour the famous South African statesman.[194]
On 29 August 2007, a statue of Nelson Mandela was unveiled at Parliament Square in London by Richard Attenborough, Ken Livingstone, Wendy Woods, and Gordon Brown.[195] The campaign to erect the statue was started in 2000 by the late Donald Woods, a South African journalist driven into exile because of his anti-apartheid activities. Mandela stated that it represented not just him, but all those who have resisted oppression, especially those in South Africa.[196] He added: "The history of the struggle in South Africa is rich with the stories of heroes and heroines, some of them leaders, some of them followers. All of them deserve to be remembered."[197]
On 27 August 2008, a statue of Nelson Mandela was unveiled at Groot Drakenstein Correctional Centre between Paarl and Franshhoek on the R301 road, near Cape Town. Formerly known as Victor Verster, this was where Mandela spent the last few years of his 27 years in jail in relative comfort, as he and other ANC stalwarts negotiated with the apartheid government on the terms of his release and the nature of the new South Africa. It stands on the very spot where Mandela took his first steps as a free man. Just outside the prison gates – the culmination of the Long Walk to Freedom – the title of Mandela's autobiography.[198][199]
After 1989's Loma Prieta Earthquake demolished the Cypress Street Viaduct portion of the Nimitz Freeway in Oakland, California, the city renamed the street-level boulevard that replaced it Mandela Parkway in his honor.
In Leicester, England there is a Nelson Mandela Park with the slogan "South Africa belongs to all those who live there, Black and White". It is opposite Leicester Tigers ground Welford Road.

Postage stamps

Libya - 1994 (December 31) "Khadafi Prize for Human Rights" postage stamps issue with Nelson Mandela.[200]

Other

In 2004, zoologists Brent E. Hendrixson and Jason E. Bond named a South African species of trapdoor spider in the family Ctenizidae as Stasimopus mandelai, "honoring Nelson Mandela, the former president of South Africa and one of the great moral leaders of our time."[201]

See also


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  • Mandela, Nelson (1996). The Illustrated Long Walk to Freedom. Paul Duncan (abridgement and picture editing). Boston: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0316880205. 

Further reading

  • A Prisoner in the Garden: Opening Nelson Mandela's Prison Archive. Penguin Books. 2005. ISBN 0-143-02495-7. 
  • Desmond Tutu ; edited by John Allen. (1996). The Rainbow People of God: The Making of a Peaceful Revolution. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385-48374-2. 
  • Benson, Mary. Nelson Mandela: The Man and the Movement. 
  • Bezdrob, Anne Marie du Preez (2006). The Nelson Mandela Story. Samoja Books. ISBN 0-620-36570-6. 
  • Denenberg, Barry. Nelson Mandela: No Easy Walk To Freedom. 
  • Hoobler, Dorothy; Hoobler, Thomas. Mandela: The Man, The Struggle, The Triumph. 
  • Juckes, Tim (1995). Opposition in South Africa: The Leadership of Matthews, Nelson Mandela, and Stephen Biko. Westport: Praeger Publishers. 
  • Mandela, Nelson (1995). Long Walk to Freedom. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-54818-9. 
  • Meredith, Martin. Nelson Mandela: A Biography. 
  • Sampson, Anthony (1999). Mandela: The Authorised Biography. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-78178-1. 
  • Smith, Charlene. Mandela: In Celebration of a Great Life. 
  • Villa-Vicencio, Charles (1996). The Spirit of Freedom. Berkeley: University of California Press. 

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Frederik Willem de Klerk
as State President of South Africa
President of South Africa
1994–1999
Succeeded by
Thabo Mbeki
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Andrés Pastrana Arango
Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement
1998–1999
Succeeded by
Thabo Mbeki

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Nelson Mandela.
.Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (born 18 July 1918) is a South African political activist, co-winner of Nobel Peace Prize with F.W. de Klerk in 1993, and in 1994 he became the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections.^ Black South Africans voted for the first time in the 1994 election that brought Mandela the presidency of South Africa.
  • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nobel Prize acceptance speech (1993) .
  • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mandela became the oldest elected President of South Africa when he took office at the age of 75.

.Mandela's inauguration brought together the largest number of Heads of State since the funeral of US President John F. Kennedy in 1963. After he retired the presidency in 1999, he went on to become an advocate for a variety of social and human rights organizations and greater international cooperation.^ After his retirement as President in 1999, Mandela went on to become an advocate for a variety of social and human rights organizations.
  • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Nelson Mandela : Famous : Biography : Information 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC famous.y2u.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mandela was inaugurated president in that same year.
  • http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=759 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.discoverthenetworks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mandela's inauguration brought together the largest number of Heads of State since the funeral of US President John F. Kennedy in 1963.
  • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Nelson Mandela quotes 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC refspace.com [Source type: Original source]

.He is one of the world's most visible figures regarding race relations and is a symbol to many people of the struggle for racial equality.^ Nelson Mandela is one of the most respected people in the world.

^ Nelson Mandela is one / ones of the most respected people in the world.

^ He is one of the world's most visible figures regarding race relations and is a symbol to many people of the struggle for racial equality.
  • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Sourced

.
  • There are many people who feel that it is useless and futile for us to continue talking peace and non-violence — against a government whose only reply is savage attacks on an unarmed and defenceless people.^ There are many, many good people who have gone to prison ...
    • Martha Stewart gets five months prison term - Jul. 20, 2004 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC money.cnn.com [Source type: News]

    ^ There are many people who feel that it is useless and futile for us to continue talking peace and non-violence — against a government whose only reply is savage attacks on an unarmed and defenceless people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela quotes 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC refspace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are many people who feel that it is useless and futile for us to continue talking peace and non-violence - against a government whose only reply is savage attacks on an unarmed and defenceless people.

    .And I think the time has come for us to consider, in the light of our experiences at this day at home, whether the methods which we have applied so far are adequate.^ And I think the time has come for us to consider, in the light of our experiences at this day at home, whether the methods which we have applied so far are adequate .

    ^ And I think the time has come for us to consider, in the light of our experiences at this day at home, whether the methods which we have applied so far are adequate.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela quotes 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC refspace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is our light, not our darkness, that frightens us.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Only free men can negotiate; prisoners cannot enter into contracts.^ Only free men can negotiate; prisoners cannot enter into contracts.

    ^ Interview (1961) Only free men can negotiate; prisoners cannot enter into contracts.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Only free men can negotiate, he said.
    • Biography of Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - South Africa 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.sengani-horse-trails.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - Madiba 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.freedom.co.za [Source type: Original source]
    • A Biography of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.places.co.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela: The Struggle Is My Life 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC logicalthinker2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]
    • MySpace - NELSON MANDELA Tribute myspace website - 91 - Male - Capetown, ZA - myspace.com/nelsonmandelatribute 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    .Your freedom and mine cannot be separated.^ Your freedom and mine cannot be separated .

    ^ Your freedom and mine cannot be separated.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela hero file 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Refusing to bargain for freedom after 21 years in prison, as quoted in TIME (25 February 1985)
  • I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people.^ I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy--pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy: — pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Refusing to bargain for freedom after 21 years in prison, as quoted in TIME (25 February 1985) I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today.^ Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today — I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands."
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today--I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Quotes - Rated and Sorted 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.elemental-sayings-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela quotes 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC refspace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands.
    • Speech on the day of his release, Cape Town (11 February 1990)
  • I remember we adjourned for lunch and a friendly Afrikaner warder asked me the question, "Mandela, what do you think is going to happen to you in this case?"^ Did you get to see the beauty of Cape Town every day?
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What questions would you like to ask Nelson Mandela?

    ^ Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela : February 11, 1990.
    • Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .I said to him, "Agh, they are going to hang us."^ I said to him, "Agh, they are going to hang us".

    ^ I think it’s just a matter of egoism of the US government, just because they want to appease a mullahs regime that hangs their own children, they use MEK as a tool!
    • http://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/?p=6250&preview=true 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC blogs.reuters.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Prisoners who were with him said watching Mandela walk across the courtyard, upright and proud, was enough to keep them going for days.
    • Mandela: His 8 Lessons of Leadership - TIME 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.time.com [Source type: General]

    .Now, I was really expecting some word of encouragement from him.^ Now when I read the word Mendoza, I was really...
    • South Africa: Destroying Nelson Mandela’s Dream - Blogcritics Politics 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Now, I was really expecting some word of encouragement from him.

    ^ We are aware that these words have for some years now been attributed to Nelson Mandela on the internet.
    • Utah SEO Consultant Marianne Williamson or Nelson Mandela? » 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.bartgibby.com [Source type: General]

    .And I thought he was going to say, "Agh man, that can never happen."^ And I thought he was going to say, "Agh man, that can never happen."

    ^ But clearly the pressure over here has been such, and the evil and injustice of what is happening in Zimbabwe led him to very briefly say what he thought.
    • Lord Joffe interview | Nelson Mandela's lawyer talks to SwindonWeb 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.swindonweb.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I thought an interesting comment was made, somebody said to me, I heard somebody say, “Now, where’s Man-del-a?”… … Well, Mandela’s dead.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .But he became serious and then he said, "I think you are right, they are going to hang you."^ But he became serious and then he said, "I think you are right, they are going to hang you."
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I said to him, "Agh, they are going to hang us."
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I said to him, "Agh, they are going to hang us".

    .
  • Let's hope that Ken Osterbroek will be the last person to die.^ Denis Goldberg Interview segments on All Things Considered ( NPR ) broadcast (27 April 2004) Huge crowds!
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Let's hope that Ken Osterbroek will be the last person to die .

    ^ Interview segment on All Things Considered ( NPR ) broadcast (27 April 2004) Let's hope that Ken Osterbroek will be the last person to die.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Spoken shortly after Inkatha announced that they would participate in the 1994 elections.^ Spoken shortly after Inkatha announced that they would participate in the 1994 elections.
      • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Announcing the ANC election victory, Johannesburg (2 May 1994) My fellow South Africans — the people of South Africa: This is indeed a joyous night.
      • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ On 2 February 1990, State President F.W. de Klerk unbanned the ANC and other anti-apartheid organisations, and announced that Mandela would shortly be released from prison.

      (The Bang-Bang Club p. .168)
  • The UN took a strong stand against apartheid; and over the years, an international consensus was built, which helped to bring an end to this iniquitous system.^ In the same period, the UN took a strong stand against apartheid; and over the years, an international consensus was built, which helped to bring an end to this iniquitous system.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The UN took a strong stand against apartheid; and over the years, an international consensus was built, which helped to bring an end to this iniquitous system.

    ^ Humanitarian hero F.W. de Klerk played a pivotal role in bringing an end to the apartheid regime and was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
    • South Africa Tourism - Nelson Mandela – a force for good - Full article 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.southafrica.net [Source type: News]

    .But we know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.^ We know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But we know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians .

    ^ But we know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    • Address at The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People[1]

First court statement (1962)

.Statement on charges of inciting persons to strike illegally, and of leaving the country without a valid passport.^ Statement on charges of inciting persons to strike illegally, and of leaving the country without a valid passport.
  • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Mandela was charged with 'inciting African workers to strike' and 'leaving the country without valid travel documents'.
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A592878 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ When he returned he was arrested for leaving the country illegally.
  • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.
  • In its proper meaning equality before the law means the right to participate in the making of the laws by which one is governed, a constitution which guarantees democratic rights to all sections of the population, the right to approach the court for protection or relief in the case of the violation of rights guaranteed in the constitution, and the right to take part in the administration of justice as judges, magistrates, attorneys-general, law advisers and similar positions.^ The ANC takes government in its own right.

    ^ The African people were not part of the Government and did not make the laws by which they were governed.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Where else in the world is this right protected by the Constitution?
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]


    .In the absence of these safeguards the phrase 'equality before the law', in so far as it is intended to apply to us, is meaningless and misleading.
    All the rights and privileges to which I have referred are monopolised by whites, and we enjoy none of them.^ In the absence of these safeguards the phrase 'equality before the law', in so far as it is intended to apply to us, is meaningless and misleading.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All the rights and privileges to which I have referred are monopolised by whites, and we enjoy none of them.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The ANC writes a 'Freedom Charter' stating that South Africa belongs to all people living within it regardless of race, that all South Africans should be treated equally before the law, and that the country's wealth should be distributed equitably.

    .The white man makes all the laws, he drags us before his courts and accuses us, and he sits in judgement over us.
  • It is fit and proper to raise the question sharply, what is this rigid colour-bar in the administration of justice?^ The white man makes all the laws, he drags us before his courts and accuses us, and he sits in judgement over us.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is fit and proper to raise the question sharply, what is this rigid colour-bar in the administration of justice?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This makes the white man fear democracy.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    Why is it that in this courtroom I face a white magistrate, am confronted by a white prosecutor, and escorted into the dock by a white orderly? .Can anyone honestly and seriously suggest that in this type of atmosphere the scales of justice are evenly balanced?^ Can anyone honestly and seriously suggest that in this type of atmosphere the scales of justice are evenly balanced?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Why is it that no African in the history of this country has ever had the honour of being tried by his own kith and kin, by his own flesh and blood?^ Why is it that no African in the history of this country has ever had the honour of being tried by his own kith and kin, by his own flesh and blood?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We are really appalled by any country, whether a superpower or a small country, that goes outside the U.N. and attacks independent countries, No country should be allowed to take the law into their own hands .

    ^ (African National Congress Councillor, Mzukizi Gaba, 10th November 1997) Why are we ALL being misled about race attacks here in the UK ?
    • SeanBryson.Com Nelson Mandela & Poverty No Politics Except Killing Whites and Zulu Tribesmen 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.seanbryson.com [Source type: Original source]


    .I will tell Your Worship why: the real purpose of this rigid colour-bar is to ensure that the justice dispensed by the courts should conform to the policy of the country, however much that policy might be in conflict with the norms of justice accepted in judiciaries throughout the civilised world.
  • I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations.^ "I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.southafrica.to [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I will tell Your Worship why: the real purpose of this rigid colour-bar is to ensure that the justice dispensed by the courts should conform to the policy of the country, however much that policy might be in conflict with the norms of justice accepted in judiciaries throughout the civilised world.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have fought it all during my life; I fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days.^ I have fought it all during my life; I fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have fought it all my life; I fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days...I hate the practice of race discrimination, and in my hatred, I am sustained by the fact that the overwhelming majority of mankind hate it equally."
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.southafrica.to [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All times are ET. Historical, current end-of-day data, and splits data provided by Interactive Data Pricing and Reference Data .
    • Martha Stewart gets five months prison term - Jul. 20, 2004 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC money.cnn.com [Source type: News]

    .Even although I now happen to be tried by one whose opinion I hold in high esteem, I detest most violently the set-up that surrounds me here.^ Even although I now happen to be tried by one whose opinion I hold in high esteem, I detest most violently the set-up that surrounds me here.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ One of Mandela's most famous phrases and book titles, No Easy Walk to Freedom, was a quote from Nehru, whose hardships and determination he identified with.
    • Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC nobelprize.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are some awesome things lined up for 2010, one of the most beautiful is this stadium planned for my home town Durban.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    .It makes me feel that I am a black man in a white man's court.^ This makes the white man fear democracy.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It makes me feel that I am a black man in a white man's court.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "I detest racialism, because I regard it as a barbaric thing, whether it comes from a black man or a white man."
    • Nelson Mandela Sports Biography, Photos & Rise To Success - AskMen.com 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.askmen.com [Source type: General]

    This should not be.

I am Prepared to Die (1964)

Statement in the Rivonia Trial, Pretoria Supreme Court (20 April 1964)
.
  • I must deal immediately and at some length with the question of violence.^ Having said this, I must deal immediately and at some length with the question of violence.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Statement in the Rivonia Trial , Pretoria Supreme Court (20 April 1964) I must deal immediately and at some length with the question of violence.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Some of the things so far told to the Court are true and some are untrue.^ Some of the things so far told to the Court are true and some are untrue.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I do not, however, deny that I planned sabotage.^ I do not, however, deny that I planned sabotage.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness, nor because I have any love of violence.^ I did not plan it in a spirit of recklessness, nor because I have any love of violence.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation, and oppression of my people by the Whites.
  • I have already mentioned that I was one of the persons who helped to form Umkhonto.^ A fourteen page statement given by Nelson Mandela to the Pretoria Supreme Court on April 20, 1964 states, "I planned sabotage…I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation, and oppression of my people by the whites."
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I planned it as a result of a calm and sober assessment of the political situation that had arisen after many years of tyranny, exploitation, and oppression of my people by the Whites.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have already mentioned that I was one of the persons who helped to form Umkhonto .
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I, and the others who started the organization, did so for two reasons.^ I, and the others who started the organization, did so for two reasons.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Firstly, we believed that as a result of Government policy, violence by the African people had become inevitable, and that unless responsible leadership was given to canalize and control the feelings of our people, there would be outbreaks of terrorism which would produce an intensity of bitterness and hostility between the various races of this country which is not produced even by war.^ Firstly, we believed that as a result of Government policy, violence by the African people had become inevitable, and that unless responsible leadership was given to canalize and control the feelings of our people, there would be outbreaks of terrorism which would produce an intensity of bitterness and hostility between the various races of this country which is not produced even by war.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He genuinely believes that he was given a leadership role in order to be there for the led.

    ^ That’s what I love about our country, and our people.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    .Secondly, we felt that without violence there would be no way open to the African people to succeed in their struggle against the principle of white supremacy.^ Secondly, we felt that without violence there would be no way open to the African people to succeed in their struggle against the principle of white supremacy.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am South African and in no way offended.
    • The Palestinian "Nelson Mandela" 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We express the hope that a climate conducive to a negotiated settlement would be created soon, so that there may no longer be the need for the armed struggle."
    • Nelson Mandela : Famous : Biography : Information 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC famous.y2u.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .All lawful modes of expressing opposition to this principle had been closed by legislation, and we were placed in a position in which we had either to accept a permanent state of inferiority, or to defy the Government.^ All lawful modes of expressing opposition to this principle had been closed by legislation, and we were placed in a position in which we had either to accept a permanent state of inferiority, or to defy the Government.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In February the ANC calls on the government to repeal all unjust laws or face a 'Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws'.

    ^ The government declares states of emergency in various parts of the country; the first time the emergency laws have been used since the Sharpeville massacre of 1960.

    .We chose to defy the law.^ We chose to defy the law.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .We first broke the law in a way which avoided any recourse to violence; when this form was legislated against, and then the Government resorted to a show of force to crush opposition to its policies, only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.^ We first broke the law in a way which avoided any recourse to violence; when this form was legislated against, and then the Government resorted to a show of force to crush opposition to its policies, only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mandela goes underground and launches the armed struggle by forming Umkhonto we Sizwe (The Spear of the Nation)--or MK. MK's policy is to target only government offices and symbols of apartheid, not people.
    • frontline: the long walk of nelson mandela: chronology 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: News]

    ^ There are many people who feel that it is useless and futile for us to continue talking peace and non-violence — against a government whose only reply is savage attacks on an unarmed and defenceless people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .But the violence which we chose to adopt was not terrorism.^ But the violence which we chose to adopt was not terrorism.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .We who formed Umkhonto were all members of the African National Congress, and had behind us the ANC tradition of non-violence and negotiation as a means of solving political disputes.^ The African National Congress (ANC) was founded in 1912, it was against racism.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.mtholyoke.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We who formed Umkhonto were all members of the African National Congress, and had behind us the ANC tradition of non-violence and negotiation as a means of solving political disputes.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am a loyal and disciplined member of the African National Congress.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We believe that South Africa belongs to all the people who live in it, and not to one group, be it black or white.^ Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa .

    ^ We believe that South Africa belongs to all the people who live in it, and not to one group, be it black or white.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was as much an award to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people.
    • The official Mr.NELSON Rolihlahla MANDELA on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
    • Biography of Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela: The Struggle Is My Life 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC logicalthinker2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]
    • MySpace - NELSON MANDELA Tribute myspace website - 91 - Male - Capetown, ZA - myspace.com/nelsonmandelatribute 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    .We did not want an interracial war, and tried to avoid it to the last minute.^ We did not want an interracial war, and tried to avoid it to the last minute.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Almost all my colleagues in prison did not want revenge, because there is no time to do anything else except to try and save your people.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We did not want to be committed to civil war, but we wanted to be ready if it became inevitable.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .If the Court is in doubt about this, it will be seen that the whole history of our organization bears out what I have said, and what I will subsequently say, when I describe the tactics which Umkhonto decided to adopt.
  • During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people.^ When Mandela stood trial in 1964, he said "During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Quotes - Rated and Sorted 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.elemental-sayings-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people.
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela : Famous : Biography : Information 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC famous.y2u.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.^ I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Foundation – Memory - Biography 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.nelsonmandela.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Biography of Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela hero file 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - South Africa 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.sengani-horse-trails.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Quotes - Rated and Sorted 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.elemental-sayings-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela: The Struggle Is My Life 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC logicalthinker2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela : Famous : Biography : Information 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC famous.y2u.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "I have fought against white dominancy and I have fought against black dominancy.

    ^ "I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.

    .I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.^ I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities."
    • Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC nobelprize.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunity.

    ^ I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Foundation – Memory - Biography 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.nelsonmandela.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Biography of Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela hero file 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - South Africa 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.sengani-horse-trails.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela: The Struggle Is My Life 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC logicalthinker2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A592878 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela : Famous : Biography : Information 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC famous.y2u.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]
    • MySpace - NELSON MANDELA Tribute myspace website - 91 - Male - Capetown, ZA - myspace.com/nelsonmandelatribute 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    .It is an ideal which I hope to live for.^ It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]
    • Nelson Mandela Foundation – Memory - Biography 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.nelsonmandela.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Biography of Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela hero file 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.moreorless.au.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - South Africa 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.sengani-horse-trails.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela: The Struggle Is My Life 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC logicalthinker2.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A592878 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]
    • MySpace - NELSON MANDELA Tribute myspace website - 91 - Male - Capetown, ZA - myspace.com/nelsonmandelatribute 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It is an ideal which I hope to live for.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to see realized.

    But, my lord, if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.
  • The ANC has never at any period of its history advocated a revolutionary change in the economic structure of the country, nor has it, to the best of my recollection, ever condemned capitalist society.

Our March to Freedom is Irreversible (1990)

.
  • Friends, Comrades and fellow South Africans.^ Friends, Comrades and fellow South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Friends, comrades and fellow South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Announcing the ANC election victory, Johannesburg (2 May 1994) My fellow South Africans — the people of South Africa: This is indeed a joyous night.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I greet you all in the name of peace, democracy and freedom for all.^ I greet you all in the name of peace, democracy and freedom for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I greet you all in the name of peace, democracy and freedom for all!

    ^ "Friends, Comrades and fellow-South Africans, I great you all in the name of peace, democracy and freedom for all.
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people.^ I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy--pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Quotes - Rated and Sorted 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.elemental-sayings-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand before you not as a prophet, but as a humble servant of you the people.
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today.^ Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today — I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands."
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today--I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Quotes - Rated and Sorted 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.elemental-sayings-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands.
  • The majority of South Africans, black and white, recognize that apartheid has no future.^ I am a ( white ) South African and lived in various places in Africa all my 50 somthing years.
    • First Look: Morgan Freeman as Nelson Mandela in Invictus « FirstShowing.net 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.firstshowing.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Your tireless and heroic sacrifices have made it possible for me to be here today — I therefore place the remaining years of my life in your hands."
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This was widely seen as a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela : Famous : Biography : Information 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC famous.y2u.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It has to be ended by our own decisive mass action in order to build peace and security.^ It has to be ended by our own decisive mass action in order to build peace and security.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Quotes - Rated and Sorted 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.elemental-sayings-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The mass campaign of defiance and other actions of our organization and people can only culminate in the establishment of democracy .

    ^ The past is a rich resource on which we can draw in order to make decisions for the future, but it does not dictate our choices.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The mass campaign of defiance and other actions of our organization and people can only culminate in the establishment of democracy
  • There must be an end to white monopoly on political power, and a fundamental restructuring of our political and economic systems to ensure that the inequalities of apartheid are addressed and our society thoroughly democratized.
  • Our march to freedom is irreversible.^ Our march to freedom is irreversible.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Quotes - Rated and Sorted 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.elemental-sayings-quotes.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The mass campaign of defiance and other actions of our organization and people can only culminate in the establishment of democracy There must be an end to white monopoly on political power, and a fundamental restructuring of our political and economic systems to ensure that the inequalities of apartheid are addressed and our society thoroughly democratized.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The mass campaign of defiance and other actions of our organization and people can only culminate in the establishment of democracy .

    We must not allow fear to stand in our way.
    Universal suffrage on a common voters' roll in a united, democratic and non-racial South Africa is the only way to peace and racial harmony.

Nobel Prize acceptance speech (1993)

Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Address(10 December 1993)
.
  • We speak here of the challenge of the dichotomies of war and peace, violence and non-violence, racism and human dignity, oppression and repression and liberty and human rights, poverty and freedom from want.
    We stand here today as nothing more than a representative of the millions of our people who dared to rise up against a social system whose very essence is war, violence, racism, oppression, repression and the impoverishment of an entire people.^ We stand here today as nothing more than a representative of the millions of our people who dared to rise up against a social system whose very essence is war, violence, racism, oppression, repression and the impoverishment of an entire people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We speak here of the challenge of the dichotomies of war and peace, violence and non-violence, racism and human dignity, oppression and repression and liberty and human rights, poverty and freedom from want .

    ^ But the hard facts were that fifty years of non-violence had brought the African people nothing but more and more repressive legislation, and fewer and fewer rights.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]


    .I am also here today as a representative of the millions of people across the globe, the anti-apartheid movement, the governments and organisations that joined with us, not to fight against South Africa as a country or any of its peoples, but to oppose an inhuman system and sue for a speedy end to the apartheid crime against humanity.^ Cause: Ending of apartheid in South African.

    ^ The United Nations (UN) declares apartheid "a crime against humanity."

    ^ Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa .


    .These countless human beings, both inside and outside our country, had the nobility of spirit to stand in the path of tyranny and injustice, without seeking selfish gain.^ These countless human beings, both inside and outside our country, had the nobility of spirit to stand in the path of tyranny and injustice, without seeking selfish gain.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We are prisoners in our own country because we dared to raise our voices against these horrible atrocities and because we expressed our solidarity with the cause of the Kenya people.
    • The No Easy Road to Freedom speech by Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.famousquotes.me.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Today the entire country knows that their labours were not in vain for a new spirit and new ideas have gripped our people.
    • The No Easy Road to Freedom speech by Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.famousquotes.me.uk [Source type: Original source]

    .They recognised that an injury to one is an injury to all and therefore acted together in defense of justice and a common human decency.^ They recognised that an injury to one is an injury to all and therefore acted together in defense of justice and a common human decency.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The victory of democracy in South Africa is the common achievement of all humanity.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Because of their courage and persistence for many years, we can, today, even set the dates when all humanity will join together to celebrate one of the outstanding human victories of our century.^ Because of their courage and persistence for many years, we can, today, even set the dates when all humanity will join together to celebrate one of the outstanding human victories of our century.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That was one of the things that worried me - to be raised to the position of a semi-god - because then you are no longer a human being.

    ^ We have been banned because we champion the freedom of the oppressed people of our country and because we have consistently fought against the policy of racial discrimination in favour of a policy which accords fundamental human rights to all, irrespective of race, colour, sex or language.
    • The No Easy Road to Freedom speech by Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.famousquotes.me.uk [Source type: Original source]


    .When that moment comes, we shall, together, rejoice in a common victory over racism, apartheid and white minority rule.
  • That triumph will finally bring to a close a history of five hundred years of African colonisation that began with the establishment of the Portuguese empire.^ When that moment comes, we shall, together, rejoice in a common victory over racism, apartheid and white minority rule.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That triumph will finally bring to a close a history of five hundred years of African colonisation that began with the establishment of the Portuguese empire.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mandela asserts, "I detest racism, because I regard it as a barbaric thing, whether it comes from a black man or a white man."
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .Thus, it will mark a great step forward in history and also serve as a common pledge of the peoples of the world to fight racism, wherever it occurs and whatever guise it assumes.
  • In front of this distinguished audience, we commit the new South Africa to the relentless pursuit of the purposes defined in the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children.^ In front of this distinguished audience, we commit the new South Africa to the relentless pursuit of the purposes defined in the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Not only in South Africa, but around the world.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have done my duty to my people and to South Africa.


    .The reward of which we have spoken will and must also be measured by the happiness and welfare of the mothers and fathers of these children, who must walk the earth without fear of being robbed, killed for political or material profit, or spat upon because they are beggars.^ The reward of which we have spoken will and must also be measured by the happiness and welfare of the mothers and fathers of these children, who must walk the earth without fear of being robbed, killed for political or material profit, or spat upon because they are beggars.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mandela's father was instrumental in the ascension to the Thembu throne of Jongintaba Dalindyebo, who would later return this favour by informally adopting Mandela upon Gadla's death.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela : Famous : Biography : Information 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC famous.y2u.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sadam has publicly announced he will reward the families of suicide bombers with $25,000 (but aren't us sanctions killing the women and children, where are these funds coming from?
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]


    .They too must be relieved of the heavy burden of despair which they carry in their hearts, born of hunger, homelessness and unemployment.^ They too must be relieved of the heavy burden of despair which they carry in their hearts, born of hunger, homelessness and unemployment.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite .

    ^ People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .The value of that gift to all who have suffered will and must be measured by the happiness and welfare of all the people of our country, who will have torn down the inhuman walls that divide them.^ That’s what I love about our country, and our people.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ Our country is beautiful , and we are so lucky to have it all.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ The value of that gift to all who have suffered will and must be measured by the happiness and welfare of all the people of our country, who will have torn down the inhuman walls that divide them.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .These great masses will have turned their backs on the grave insult to human dignity which described some as masters and others as servants, and transformed each into a predator whose survival depended on the destruction of the other.
  • The value of our shared reward will and must be measured by the joyful peace which will triumph, because the common humanity that bonds both black and white into one human race, will have said to each one of us that we shall all live like the children of paradise.^ These great masses will have turned their backs on the grave insult to human dignity which described some as masters and others as servants, and transformed each into a predator whose survival depended on the destruction of the other.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All of us are bereft of loved ones.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The value of our shared reward will and must be measured by the joyful peace which will triumph, because the common humanity that bonds both black and white into one human race, will have said to each one of us that we shall all live like the children of paradise.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Thus shall we live, because we will have created a society which recognises that all people are born equal, with each entitled in equal measure to life, liberty, prosperity, human rights and good governance.^ We recognise the right of all organisations which are not racist to participate in political life.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thus shall we live, because we will have created a society which recognises that all people are born equal, with each entitled in equal measure to life, liberty, prosperity, human rights and good governance.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony with equal opportunities.


    .Such a society should never allow again that there should be prisoners of conscience nor that any person's human right should be violated.
  • In relation to these matters, we appeal to those who govern Burma that they release our fellow Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Aung San Suu Kyi, and engage her and those she represents in serious dialogue, for the benefit of all the people of Burma.^ Nor is this Nobel peace-prize winner a pacifist.

    ^ He recites a portion of one of Malcolm X 's most famous speeches, including the following sentence: "We declare our right on this earth to be a human being, to be respected as a human being, to be given the rights of a human being in this society, on this earth, in this day, which we intend to bring into existence .

    ^ In a life that symbolises the triumph of the human spirit over man s inhumanity to man, Nelson Mandela accepted the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of all South Africans who suffered and sacrificed so much to bring peace to our land.
    • Biography of Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - South Africa 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.sengani-horse-trails.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]


    .We pray that those who have the power to do so will, without further delay, permit that she uses her talents and energies for the greater good of the people of her country and humanity as a whole.
  • Far from the rough and tumble of the politics of our own country.^ "We are slaves in our own country.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.mtholyoke.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We pray that those who have the power to do so will, without further delay, permit that she uses her talents and energies for the greater good of the people of her country and humanity as a whole.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Far from the rough and tumble of the politics of our own country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I would like to take this opportunity to join the Norwegian Nobel Committee and pay tribute to my joint laureate.^ I would like to take this opportunity to join the Norwegian Nobel Committee and pay tribute to my joint laureate.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Of course knowing that this would be my last day on ISS, I could not waste it sleeping, but fatigue took over and forced me to take a four-hour nap.
    • 2006 September « Anousheh Ansari Space Blog 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC spaceblog.xprize.org [Source type: General]

    ^ MANDELA: No, I was thinking, of course, of freedom, that now I'm going to have the opportunity of joining my beloved family, my children and my people.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    Mr. F.W. de Klerk.
    .He had the courage to admit that a terrible wrong had been done to our country and people through the imposition of the system of apartheid.^ He system apartheid terrible the of learnt first .

    ^ That’s what I love about our country, and our people.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ Under the Apartheid system of government in South Africa it meant for Nelson Mandela and the black south-african people that they might be thrown into jail because they drank water from the "wrong fountain".
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]


    .He had the foresight to understand and accept that all the people of South Africa must through negotiations and as equal participants in the process, together determine what they want to make of their future.
  • We live with the hope that as she battles to remake herself, South Africa, will be like a microcosm of the new world that is striving to be born.^ We live with the hope that as she battles to remake herself, South Africa, will be like a microcosm of the new world that is striving to be born.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I was born in South Africa and lived there until 5 years ago.
    • Organizing for America | Posts with the tag nelson mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC my.barackobama.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It was as much an award to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people.
    • The official Mr.NELSON Rolihlahla MANDELA on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
    • Biography of Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.anc.org.za [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]


    .This must be a world of democracy and respect for human rights, a world freed from the horrors of poverty, hunger, deprivation and ignorance, relieved of the threat and the scourge of civil wars and external aggression and unburdened of the great tragedy of millions forced to become refugees.
  • We do not believe that this Nobel Peace Prize is intended as a commendation for matters that have happened and passed.^ We do not believe that this Nobel Peace Prize is intended as a commendation for matters that have happened and passed.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This must be a world of democracy and respect for human rights, a world freed from the horrors of poverty, hunger, deprivation and ignorance, relieved of the threat and the scourge of civil wars and external aggression and unburdened of the great tragedy of millions forced to become refugees.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nor is this Nobel peace-prize winner a pacifist.


    .We hear the voices which say that it is an appeal from all those, throughout the universe, who sought an end to the system of apartheid.^ We hear the voices which say that it is an appeal from all those, throughout the universe, who sought an end to the system of apartheid.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The UN took a strong stand against apartheid; and over the years, an international consensus was built, which helped to bring an end to this iniquitous system.

    ^ The award was a tribute to all South Africans and especially to those who fought in the struggle; I would accept it on their behalf .


    .We understand their call, that we devote what remains of our lives to the use of our country's unique and painful experience to demonstrate, in practice, that the normal condition for human existence is democracy, justice, peace, non-racism, non-sexism, prosperity for everybody, a healthy environment and equality and solidarity among the peoples.^ Our call is, 'One nation, one country.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We understand their call, that we devote what remains of our lives to the use of our country's unique and painful experience to demonstrate, in practice, that the normal condition for human existence is democracy, justice, peace, non-racism, non-sexism, prosperity for everybody, a healthy environment and equality and solidarity among the peoples.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That’s what I love about our country, and our people.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]


    Moved by that appeal and inspired by the eminence you have thrust upon us, we undertake that we too will do what we can to contribute to the renewal of our world so that none should, in future, be described as the "wretched of the earth".

Victory speech (1994)

Announcing the ANC election victory, Johannesburg (2 May 1994)
.
  • My fellow South Africans — the people of South Africa:
    This is indeed a joyous night.
    Although not yet final, we have received the provisional results of the election, and are delighted by the overwhelming support for the African National Congress.^ The people of South Africa have spoken in these elections.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He has received support from trade unions and from the South African Communist Party.
    • South Africa: Destroying Nelson Mandela’s Dream - Blogcritics Politics 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC blogcritics.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Although not yet final, we have received the provisional results of the election, and are delighted by the overwhelming support for the African National Congress.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .To all those in the African National Congress and the democratic movement who worked so hard these last few days and through these many decades, I thank you and honour you.^ I thanked all those in the ANC and the democratic movement who had worked so hard for so long.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But what does it do for you these days?
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ To all those in the African National Congress and the democratic movement who worked so hard these last few days and through these many decades, I thank you and honour you.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .To the people of South Africa and the world who are watching: this a joyous night for the human spirit.^ SOUTH AFRICA WORLD CUP 2010 .
    • 2010 World Cup Venue Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium Port Elizabeth - ESPN Soccernet 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC soccernet.espn.go.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Not only in South Africa, but around the world.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To the people of South Africa and the world who are watching: this a joyous night for the human spirit.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    This is your victory too. .You helped end apartheid, you stood with us through the transition.
  • I watched, along with all of you, as the tens of thousands of our people stood patiently in long queues for many hours.^ You helped end apartheid, you stood with us through the transition.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I watched, along with all of you, as the tens of thousands of our people stood patiently in long queues for many hours.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To reach our desks each morning Nelson and I ran the gauntlet of patient queues of people overflowing from the chairs in the waiting room into the corridors...
    • Nelson Mandela - South Africa 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.sengani-horse-trails.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]

    .Some sleeping on the open ground overnight waiting to cast this momentous vote.
  • This is one of the most important moments in the life of our country.^ Our call is, 'One nation, one country.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is one of the most important moments in the life of our country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "This is one of the most important moments in the life of our country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy: — pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.^ I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy--pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand before you not as a prophet, but as a humble servant of you the people.
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .You have shown such a calm, patient determination to reclaim this country as your own, - and joy that we can loudly proclaim from the rooftops — free at last!
  • Tomorrow, the entire ANC leadership and I will be back at our desks.^ "We are slaves in our own country.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.mtholyoke.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tomorrow, the entire ANC leadership and I will be back at our desks.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You have shown such a calm, patient determination to reclaim this country as your own, and now the joy that we can loudly proclaim from the rooftops — Free at last!
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We are rolling up our sleeves to begin tackling the problems our country faces.^ We are rolling up our sleeves to begin tackling the problems our country faces.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ These were the problems that faced us, and these were our decisions.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I hold out a hand of friendship to the leaders of all parties and their members, and ask all of them to join us in working together to tackle the problems we face as a nation.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We ask you all to join us — go back to your jobs in the morning.^ We ask you all to join us — go back to your jobs in the morning.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I think this project made us think of all the suffer afro-american people had to go through in those days.

    ^ All of you from Clermont, join hands; Hambanathi, Hammarsdale, Chesterville and Mpophomeni, join hands.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Let's get South Africa working.^ Let's get South Africa working.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Prior to his work for the international court, Goldstone cut his judicial teeth on the bench of South Africa's Supreme Court under the apartheid regime.

    ^ Known lovingly as ‘Madiba’, he is cherished for working towards making a better life for all living in South Africa.
    • Nelson Mandela Museum, South Africa | By South Africa Channel 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.southafrica.com [Source type: News]


    .For we must, together and without delay, begin to build a better life for all South Africans.^ For we must, together and without delay, begin to build a better life for all South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He's a man that has the support of all South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela - Indian Premier League | IPL Cricket Highlights - Times of India 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC iplextra.indiatimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Let us build the future together, and toast a better life for all South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .This means creating jobs building houses, providing education and bringing peace and security for all.
  • The calm and tolerant atmosphere that prevailed during the elections depicts the type of South Africa we can build.^ This means creating jobs building houses, providing education and bringing peace and security for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The calm and tolerant atmosphere that prevailed during the elections depicts the type of South Africa we can build.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Revisit the 1999 elections with us, as parties campaigned furiously and millions came out to vote in South Africa's second ever democratic elections.
    • nelson mandela on News24 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.news24.com [Source type: General]

    .It set the tone for the future.^ It set the tone for the future.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We might have our differences, but we are one people with a common destiny in our rich variety of culture, race and tradition.

    People have voted for the party of their choice and we respect that.^ People have voted for the party of their choice and we respect that.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We might have our differences, but we are one people with a common destiny in our rich variety of culture, race and tradition.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    This is democracy.
    .I hold out a hand of friendship to the leaders of all parties and their members, and ask all of them to join us in working together to tackle the problems we face as a nation.^ I hold out a hand of friendship to the leaders of all parties and their members, and ask all of them to join us in working together to tackle the problems we face as a nation.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We who formed Umkhonto were all members of the African National Congress, and had behind us the ANC tradition of non-violence and negotiation as a means of solving political disputes.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .An ANC government will serve all the people of South Africa, not just ANC members.
  • Now is the time for celebration, for South Africans to join together to celebrate the birth of democracy.^ Background: By 1600 all of what is now South Africa has been settled by indigenous Africans.

    ^ The ANC military wing now has a base close to South Africa.

    ^ It was as much an award to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people.
    • The official Mr.NELSON Rolihlahla MANDELA on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
    • Nelson Mandela - a short biography on Nelson Mandela, one of the leaders in the fight against apartheid and Soweto resident 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.soweto.co.za [Source type: Original source]

    .I raise a glass to you all for working so hard to achieve what can only be called a small miracle.^ I raise a glass to you all for working so hard to achieve what can only be called a small miracle.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I thanked all those in the ANC and the democratic movement who had worked so hard for so long.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And then, of course, we had -- the Red -- the International Red Cross, which would come to the island, and before they come, they would, of course, relax and, they would say: No, you don't have to work all day.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Let our celebrations be in keeping with the mood set in the elections, peaceful, respectful and disciplined, showing we are a people ready to assume the responsibilities of government.^ Let our celebrations be in keeping with the mood set in the elections, peaceful, respectful and disciplined, showing we are a people ready to assume the responsibilities of government.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She said Mr. Mandela's leadership impacted on the holding of free and fair elections on the continent and the peaceful transfer of power from one civilian government to another.
    • allAfrica.com: Liberia: Johnson-Sirleaf Hails Nelson Mandela 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

    ^ And as we let our light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same" Nelson Mandella .
    • The official Mr.NELSON Rolihlahla MANDELA on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]


    .I promise that I will do my best to be worthy of the faith and confidence you have placed in me and my organisation, the African National Congress.^ I promise that I will do my best to be worthy of the faith and confidence you have placed in me and my organisation, the African National Congress.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nyathi was a member of the African National Congress, .
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.mtholyoke.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mandela was elected president of the African National Congress the following year, and in 1994, he was elected president of his country.
    • Nelson Mandela celebrates 90th birthday - CNN.com 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: News]

    Let us build the future together, and toast a better life for all South Africans.

Inaugural speech (1994)

Cape Town, (9 May 1994)
.
  • Today we are entering a new era for our country and its people.^ Cape Town, (9 May 1994) Today we are entering a new era for our country and its people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That’s what I love about our country, and our people.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ He had the courage to admit that a terrible wrong had been done to our country and people through the imposition of the system of apartheid.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa.

    Our country has arrived at a decision.^ It was as much an award to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people.
    • The official Mr.NELSON Rolihlahla MANDELA on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The victory of democracy in South Africa is the common achievement of all humanity.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our country has arrived at a decision.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Among all the parties that contested the elections, the overwhelming majority of South Africans have mandated the African National Congress to lead our country into the future.^ Our call is, 'One nation, one country.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But most important of all is that we are ALL South African.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ Among all the parties that contested the elections, the overwhelming majority of South Africans have mandated the African National Congress to lead our country into the future.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
  • Perhaps it was history that ordained that it be here, at the Cape of Good Hope that we should lay the foundation stone of our new nation. For it was here at this Cape, over three centuries ago, that there began the fateful convergence of the peoples of Africa, Europe and Asia on these shores.
  • The names of those who were incarcerated on Robben Island is a roll call of resistance fighters and democrats spanning over three centuries.^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The people of South Africa have spoken in these elections.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The names of those who were incarcerated on Robben Island is a roll call of resistance fighters and democrats spanning over three centuries.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .If indeed this is a Cape of Good Hope, that hope owes much to the spirit of that legion of fighters and others of their calibre.
  • Ours has been a quest for a constitution freely adopted by the people of South Africa, reflecting their wishes and their aspirations.^ Ours has been a quest for a constitution freely adopted by the people of South Africa, reflecting their wishes and their aspirations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was as much an award to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people.
    • The official Mr.NELSON Rolihlahla MANDELA on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If indeed this is a Cape of Good Hope, that hope owes much to the spirit of that legion of fighters and others of their calibre.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The struggle for democracy has never been a matter pursued by one race, class, religious community or gender among South Africans.^ The struggle for democracy has never been a matter pursued by one race, class, religious community or gender among South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "We admire you, President Mandela, for returning justice and democracy to your country, South Africa, and in doing so, for becoming an inspiration for African and for peoples the world over."
    • allAfrica.com: Liberia: Johnson-Sirleaf Hails Nelson Mandela 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

    ^ He helped to keep the birth of South African democracy as bloodless as possible, something too lightly dismissed by his critics.

    .In honouring those who fought to see this day arrive, we honour the best sons and daughters of all our people.^ In honouring those who fought to see this day arrive, we honour the best sons and daughters of all our people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In relation to these matters, we appeal to those who govern Burma that they release our fellow Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Aung San Suu Kyi , and engage her and those she represents in serious dialogue, for the benefit of all the people of Burma.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Then he adds as an afterthought that if only all those who have made such great sacrifices for the sake of justice could see that they have not been in vain, that would serve to eliminate the bitterness from their hearts."

    .We can count amongst them Africans, Coloureds, Whites, Indians, Muslims, Christians, Hindus, Jews — all of them united by a common vision of a better life for the people of this country.
  • In 1980s the African National Congress was still setting the pace, being the first major political formation in South Africa to commit itself firmly to a Bill of Rights, which we published in November 1990. These milestones give concrete expression to what South Africa can become.^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The people of South Africa have spoken in these elections.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1980s the African National Congress was still setting the pace, being the first major political formation in South Africa to commit itself firmly to a Bill of Rights, which we published in November 1990.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .They speak of a constitutional, democratic, political order in which, regardless of colour, gender, religion, political opinion or sexual orientation, the law will provide for the equal protection of all citizens.^ They speak of a constitutional, democratic, political order in which, regardless of colour, gender, religion, political opinion or sexual orientation, the law will provide for the equal protection of all citizens.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The ANC writes a 'Freedom Charter' stating that South Africa belongs to all people living within it regardless of race, that all South Africans should be treated equally before the law, and that the country's wealth should be distributed equitably.

    ^ "The state may not unfairly discriminate directly or indirectly against anyone on one or more grounds, including race, gender, sex, pregnancy, marital status, ethnic or social origin, colour, sexual orientation, age, disability, religion, conscience, belief, culture, language and birth."
    • Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC nobelprize.org [Source type: Original source]


    .They project a democracy in which the government, whomever that government may be, will be bound by a higher set of rules, embodied in a constitution, and will not be able govern the country as it pleases.
  • Democracy is based on the majority principle.^ They project a democracy in which the government, whomever that government may be, will be bound by a higher set of rules, embodied in a constitution, and will not be able govern the country as it pleases.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Democracy is based on the majority principle.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is agreed that a five-year 'Government of National Unity' with a majority-rule constitution will be formed following South Africa's first truly multiracial democratic election, scheduled for April 1994.

    .This is especially true in a country such as ours where the vast majority have been systematically denied their rights.^ This is especially true in a country such as ours where the vast majority have been systematically denied their rights.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I do not know whether this statement is true and doubt whether any comparison can be made without having regard to the cost-of-living index in such countries.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Among all the parties that contested the elections, the overwhelming majority of South Africans have mandated the African National Congress to lead our country into the future.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .At the same time, democracy also requires that the rights of political and other minorities be safeguarded.^ At the same time, democracy also requires that the rights of political and other minorities be safeguarded.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .In the political order we have established there will regular, open and free elections, at all levels of government — central, provincial and municipal.^ In the political order we have established there will regular, open and free elections, at all levels of government — central, provincial and municipal.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And you sat there, and you looked at the benches of the newly elected legislators, and there were all these "terrorists" — as they had been regarded by the former apartheid government.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She said Mr. Mandela's leadership impacted on the holding of free and fair elections on the continent and the peaceful transfer of power from one civilian government to another.
    • allAfrica.com: Liberia: Johnson-Sirleaf Hails Nelson Mandela 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC allafrica.com [Source type: News]

    .There shall also be a social order which respects completely the culture, language and religious rights of all sections of our society and the fundamental rights of the individual.
  • The task at hand on will not be easy.^ The task at hand on will not be easy.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There shall also be a social order which respects completely the culture, language and religious rights of all sections of our society and the fundamental rights of the individual.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There shall be equal status in the bodies of state, in the courts and in the schools for all national groups and races; All people shall have equal right to use their own languages, and to develop their own folk culture and customs; All national groups shall be protected by law against insults to their race and national pride; The preaching and practice of national, race or colour discrimination and contempt shall be a punishable crime; All apartheid laws and practices shall be set aside.

    .But you have mandated us to change South Africa from a country in which the majority lived with little hope, to one in which they can live and work with dignity, with a sense of self-esteem and confidence in the future.
    The cornerstone of building a better life of opportunity, freedom and prosperity is the Reconstruction and Development Programme.^ South Africa is the richest country in Africa, and could be one of the richest countries in the world.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But you have mandated us to change South Africa from a country in which the majority lived with little hope, to one in which they can live and work with dignity, with a sense of self-esteem and confidence in the future.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In his inaugural speech on May 9, 1994 Mandela spoke, "You have mandated us to change South Africa from a country in which the majority lived with little hope, to one in which they can live and work with dignity, with a sense of self-esteem and confidence in the future."
    • Peter Tosh and Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC debate.uvm.edu [Source type: Original source]


    .This needs unity of purpose.^ This needs unity of purpose.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    It needs in action. .It requires us all to work together to bring an end to division, an end to suspicion and build a nation united in our diversity.
  • The people of South Africa have spoken in these elections.^ The people of South Africa have spoken in these elections.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was as much an award to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people.
    • The official Mr.NELSON Rolihlahla MANDELA on MySpace Music - Free Streaming MP3s, Pictures & Music Downloads 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
    • MySpace - NELSON MANDELA Tribute myspace website - 91 - Male - Capetown, ZA - myspace.com/nelsonmandelatribute 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Today we celebrate not the victory of a party, but a victory for all the people of South Africa.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .They want change!^ They want change!
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    And change is what they will get. .Our plan is to create jobs, promote peace and reconciliation, and to guarantee freedom for all South Africans.
  • While we are and shall remain fully committed to the spirit of a government of national unity, we are determined to initiate and bring about the change that our mandate from the people demands.^ While we are and shall remain fully committed to the spirit of a government of national unity, we are determined to initiate and bring about the change that our mandate from the people demands.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our plan is to create jobs, promote peace and reconciliation, and to guarantee freedom for all South Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .We place our vision of a new constitutional order for South Africa on the table not as conquerors, prescribing to the conquered.^ We place our vision of a new constitutional order for South Africa on the table not as conquerors, prescribing to the conquered.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We live with the hope that as she battles to remake herself, South Africa, will be like a microcosm of the new world that is striving to be born.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In front of this distinguished audience, we commit the new South Africa to the relentless pursuit of the purposes defined in the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We speak as fellow citizens to heal the wounds of the past with the intent of constructing a new order based on justice for all.^ We speak as fellow citizens to heal the wounds of the past with the intent of constructing a new order based on justice for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They speak of a constitutional, democratic, political order in which, regardless of colour, gender, religion, political opinion or sexual orientation, the law will provide for the equal protection of all citizens.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    This is the challenge that faces all South Africans today, and it is one to which I am certain we will all rise.

Inaugural celebration address (1994)

Pretoria (10 May 1994)
.
  • Your Majesties, Your Highnesses, Distinguished Guests, Comrades and Friends.^ Pretoria (10 May 1994) Your Majesties, Your Highnesses, Distinguished Guests, Comrades and Friends.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Today, all of us do, by our presence here, and by our celebrations in other parts of our country and the world, confer glory and hope to newborn liberty.^ Today, all of us do, by our presence here, and by our celebrations in other parts of our country and the world, confer glory and hope to newborn liberty.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our country is beautiful , and we are so lucky to have it all.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Out of the experience of an extraordinary human disaster that lasted too long, must be born a society of which all humanity will be proud.
  • Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all.^ Our daily deeds as ordinary South Africans must produce an actual South African reality that will reinforce humanity's belief in justice, strengthen its confidence in the nobility of the human soul and sustain all our hopes for a glorious life for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But most important of all is that we are ALL South African.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ We have awesome people proud to be South Africans .
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]


    .All this we owe both to ourselves and to the peoples of the world who are so well represented here today.
  • We thank all our distinguished international guests for having come to take possession with the people of our country of what is, after all, a common victory for justice, for peace, for human dignity.^ The victory of democracy in South Africa is the common achievement of all humanity.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All this we owe both to ourselves and to the peoples of the world who are so well represented here today.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the international field, communist countries have always come to our aid.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .We trust that you will continue to stand by us as we tackle the challenges of building peace, prosperity, non-sexism, non-racialism and democracy.
  • The time for the healing of the wounds has come.^ We trust that you will continue to stand by us as we tackle the challenges of building peace, prosperity, non-sexism, non-racialism and democracy.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The time for the healing of the wounds has come.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Equality and democracy continue to elude us.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]


    .The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come.^ The moment to bridge the chasms that divide us has come.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .The time to build is upon us.
  • We succeeded to take our last steps to freedom in conditions of relative peace.^ The sight of freedom looming on the horizon should encourage us to redouble our efforts.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our Defiance Campaign has succeeded in forcing the government to scrap discriminatory laws and has brought us to the point where we are to glimpse the outlines of a new South Africa.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We commit ourselves to the construction of a complete, just and lasting peace.^ We commit ourselves to the construction of a complete, just and lasting peace.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .We have triumphed in the effort to implant hope in the breasts of the millions of our people.^ We have triumphed in the effort to implant hope in the breasts of the millions of our people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We enter into a covenant that we shall build the society in which all South Africans, both black and white, will be able to walk tall, without any fear in their hearts, assured of their inalienable right to human dignity — a rainbow nation at peace with itself and the world.
  • We dedicate this day to all the heroes and heroines in this country and the rest of the world who sacrificed in many ways and surrendered their lives so that we could be free.^ And if this happened, how could black and white ever live together again in peace and harmony?
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "We dedicate this day to all the heroes and heroines in this country and the rest of the world who sacrificed in many ways and surrendered their lives so that we could be free," he says, " Their dreams have become reality."

    ^ We dedicate this day to all the heroes and heroines in this country and the rest of the world who sacrificed in many ways and surrendered their lives so that we could be free.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Their dreams have become reality.^ Their dreams have become reality.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Freedom is their reward.
  • We are both humbled and elevated by the honour and privilege that you, the people of South Africa, have bestowed on us, as the first President of a united, democratic, non-racial and non-sexist government.^ President of South Africa, the first to be elected in fully representative democratic elections .
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ After 27 years in prison, Nelson Mandela negotiated the dismantling of the apartheid regime in South Africa, settled an agreement on universal suffrage and democratic elections, and became the first black president of the country in 1994.
    • Nelson Mandela and the Rainbow of Culture 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC nobelprize.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The ANC writes a 'Freedom Charter' stating that South Africa belongs to all people living within it regardless of race, that all South Africans should be treated equally before the law, and that the country's wealth should be distributed equitably.


    .We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom
    We know it well that none of us acting alone can achieve success.
    ^ "Well, there is no doubt.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom We know it well that none of us acting alone can achieve success.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world.^ We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We also come together today to renew the ties that make us one people, and to reaffirm a single united stand against the oppression of apartheid.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They recognised that an injury to one is an injury to all and therefore acted together in defense of justice and a common human decency.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Let there be justice for all.^ Let there be justice for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Let there be peace for all.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .Let there be peace for all.
  • Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world.
    Let freedom reign!
    The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement!^ The world would never have another Mandela.
    • APPRECIATION: Nelson Mandela gets his day 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC atokd.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The sun shall never set on so glorious a human achievement!
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    God bless Africa!

Long Walk to Freedom (1995)

.
  • No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion.^ No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ That was one of the things that worried me — to be raised to the position of a semi-god — because then you are no longer a human being.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.
  • Education is the great engine of personal development.^ People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Education is the great engine of personal development.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ They too must be relieved of the heavy burden of despair which they carry in their hearts, born of hunger, homelessness and unemployment.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It is through education that the daughter of a peasant can become a doctor, that the son of a mineworker can become the head of the mine, that a child of farmworkers can become the president of a great nation.^ It is through education that the daughter of a peasant can become a doctor, that the son of a mineworker can become the head of the mine, that a child of farmworkers can become the president of a great nation.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1951 he becomes national president of the Youth League.

    ^ As president of the African National Congress and head of South Africa's antiapartheid movement, he was instrumental in moving the nation toward multiracial government and majority rule.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    .It is what we make out of what we have, not what we are given, that separates one person from another.
  • A good head and a good heart are always a formidable combination.
  • I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it.^ But no one suggests that he is out for personal gain: he donated a third of his presidential salary to children's charities.

    ^ Bush makes another first class buffoon out of himself in public.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ He makes it to the centre of the room and is met by the one person who can upstage him.

    .The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.
  • In my country we go to prison first and then become President.
  • No one truly knows a nation until one has been inside its jails.^ Our call is, 'One nation, one country.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I know each one of these names from my time in prison.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No one truly knows a nation until one has been inside its jails.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .A nation should not be judged by how it treats its highest citizens but its lowest ones.
  • There is nothing like returning to a place that remains unchanged to find the ways in which you yourself have altered.
  • The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.
  • You may succeed in delaying, but never in preventing the transition of South Africa to a democracy.
  • Any man that tries to rob me of my dignity will lose.
  • The victory of democracy in South Africa is the common achievement of all humanity.
  • The authorities liked to say that we received a balanced diet; it was indeed balanced — between the unpalatable and the inedible.
  • Prison itself is a tremendous education in the need for patience and perseverance.^ You may succeed in delaying, but never in preventing the transition of South Africa to a democracy.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No one nation should be complainant , prosecutor and judge .
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The victory of democracy in South Africa is the common achievement of all humanity.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    It is above all a test of one's commitment.
  • I always knew that someday I would once again feel the grass under my feet and walk in the sunshine as a free man.
  • I have always believed that exercise is the key not only to physical health but to peace of mind.
  • There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.
  • I detest racialism because I regard it as a barbaric thing, whether it comes from a black man or a white man.
  • A man does not become a freedom fighter in the hope of winning awards, but when I was notified that I had won the 1993 Nobel peace prize jointly with Mr. F.W. de Klerk, I was deeply moved. .The Nobel Peace Prize had a special meaning for me because of its involvement with South Africa...^ Nor is this Nobel peace-prize winner a pacifist.

    ^ The Nobel Peace Prize had a special meaning for me because of its involvement with South Africa...
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (born 18 July 1918 ) is a South African political activist, co-winner of Nobel Peace Prize with F.W. de Klerk in 1993, and in 1994 he became the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The award was a tribute to all South Africans, and especially to those who fought in the struggle; I would accept it on their behalf.
  • I explained to the crowd that my voice was hoarse from a cold and that my physician had advised me not to attend.^ But most important of all is that we are ALL South African.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ The award was a tribute to all South Africans, and especially to those who fought in the struggle; I would accept it on their behalf.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I explained to the crowd that my voice was hoarse from a cold and that my physician had advised me not to attend.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ."I hope that you will not disclose to him that I have violated his instructions," I told them.^ "I hope that you will not disclose to him that I have violated his instructions," I told them.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    I congratulated Mr. de Klerk for his strong showing. .I thanked all those in the ANC and the democratic movement who had worked so hard for so long.^ I thanked all those in the ANC and the democratic movement who had worked so hard for so long.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To all those in the African National Congress and the democratic movement who worked so hard these last few days and through these many decades, I thank you and honour you.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I raise a glass to you all for working so hard to achieve what can only be called a small miracle.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    Mrs. Coretta Scott King, the wife of the great freedom fighter Martin Luther King Jr., was on the podium that night, and I looked over to her as I made reference to her husband's immortal words.
    ."This is one of the most important moments in the life of our country.^ Our call is, 'One nation, one country.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is one of the most important moments in the life of our country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "This is one of the most important moments in the life of our country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy--pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.^ I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy--pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand here before you filled with deep pride and joy: — pride in the ordinary, humble people of this country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .You have shown such a calm, patient determination to reclaim this country as your own, and now the joy that we can loudly proclaim from the rooftops — Free at last!^ You have shown such a calm, patient determination to reclaim this country as your own, and now the joy that we can loudly proclaim from the rooftops — Free at last!
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You have shown such a calm, patient determination to reclaim this country as your own, - and joy that we can loudly proclaim from the rooftops — free at last!
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Register now for free , or sign in using your AIM or Google account!
    • 'Avatar,' Nelson Mandela film 'Invictus,' Disney's 'Princess and Frog' and other holiday fare headed to your local movie theater | Grand Rapids Entertainment - - MLive.com 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.mlive.com [Source type: General]

    Free at last! .I stand before you humbled by your courage, with a heart full of love for all of you."
  • It was during those long and lonely years that my hunger for the freedom of my own people became a hunger for the freedom of all people, white and black.^ It was during those long and lonely years that my hunger for the freedom of my own people became a hunger for the freedom of all people, white and black.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I stand here before you not as a prophet but as a humble servant of you, the people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Cuban revolution has been a source of inspiration to all freedom-loving people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I knew as well as I knew anything that the oppressor must be liberated just as surely as the oppressed.^ I knew as well as I knew anything that the oppressor must be liberated just as surely as the oppressed.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When I walked out of prison, that was my mission, to liberate the oppressed and the oppressor both.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am sure it will be….well, let’s just say, interesting.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .A man who takes away another man's freedom is a prisoner of hatred, he is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness.^ A man who takes away another man's freedom is a prisoner of hatred, he is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1990 - after 27 years behind bars - Mr Mandela was released from prison.
    • Why Nelson Mandela is to blame for Liverpool's failure to win the league for 19 years | Liverpool-Kop 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.liverpool-kop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I am not truly free if I am taking away someone else's freedom, just as surely as I am not free when my freedom is taken from me.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I am not truly free if I am taking away someone else's freedom, just as surely as I am not free when my freedom is taken from me.^ I am not truly free if I am taking away someone else's freedom, just as surely as I am not free when my freedom is taken from me.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A man who takes away another man's freedom is a prisoner of hatred, he is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The oppressed and the oppressor alike are robbed of their humanity.^ The oppressed and the oppressor alike are robbed of their humanity.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He believes in the human capacity to change and wages Satyagraha against the oppressor, not to destroy him but to transform him, that he cease his oppression and join the oppressed in the pursuit of Truth.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .When I walked out of prison, that was my mission, to liberate the oppressed and the oppressor both.
    Some say that has now been achieved.^ When I walked out of prison, that was my mission, to liberate the oppressed and the oppressor both.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Some say that has now been achieved.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I am now going to do something creative in order to help to speed up the liberation of my people.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    But I know that that is not the case. .The truth is that we are not yet free; we have merely achieved the freedom to be free, the right not to be oppressed.^ The truth is that we are not yet free; we have merely achieved the freedom to be free, the right not to be oppressed.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And this gives even more weight to one of his citations: "For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others."
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We have not taken the final step of our journey, but the first step on a longer and even more difficult road.^ We have not taken the final step of our journey, but the first step on a longer and even more difficult road.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I salute our President, Comrade Oliver Tambo, for leading the ANC even under the most difficult circumstances.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We hope, even at this late hour, that our first actions will awaken everyone to a realization of the disastrous situation to which the Nationalist policy is leading.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.^ For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others,” he said.
    • APPRECIATION: Nelson Mandela gets his day 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC atokd.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What a tragic waste of the precious lives of brave leaders if we’re merely swapping one tyrannical regime for another with a bit of heady free-time between.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    .The true test of our devotion to freedom is just beginning.
  • I have walked that long road to freedom.^ The true test of our devotion to freedom is just beginning.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have walked that long road to freedom.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Long Walk to Freedom (1995) .
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have tried not to falter; I have made missteps along the way.^ I have tried not to falter; I have made missteps along the way.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But I have discovered the secret that after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.^ But I have discovered the secret that after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mandela's autobiography, 'Long Walk To Freedom', ends with these words: "After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.

    ^ There is one compromise and one only, and that is the United Nations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have taken a moment here to rest, to steal a view of the glorious vista that surrounds me, to look back on the distance I have come.^ I have taken a moment here to rest, to steal a view of the glorious vista that surrounds me, to look back on the distance I have come.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But I can rest only for a moment, for with freedom comes responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not yet ended.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I can rest only for a moment, for with freedom come responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not yet ended."

    .But I can rest only for a moment, for with freedom comes responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not yet ended.
  • If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy.^ I want to make a difference in my hours of work.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ But I can rest only for a moment, for with freedom comes responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not yet ended.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have walked that long road to freedom.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    Then he becomes your partner.

The International Day Of Solidarity With The Palestinian People (1997)

"The International Day Of Solidarity With The Palestinian People", Pretoria December 4th 1997
.
  • I have come to join you today to add our own voice to the universal call for Palestinian self-determination and statehood.^ "The International Day Of Solidarity With The Palestinian People" , Pretoria December 4th 1997 I have come to join you today to add our own voice to the universal call for Palestinian self-determination and statehood.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We would be beneath our own reason for existence as government and as a nation, if the resolution of the problems of the Middle East did not feature prominently on our agenda.
  • When in 1977, the United Nations passed the resolution inaugurating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people, it was asserting the recognition that injustice and gross human rights violations were being perpetrated in Palestine.^ The ANC takes government in its own right.

    ^ We would be beneath our own reason for existence as government and as a nation, if the resolution of the problems of the Middle East did not feature prominently on our agenda.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When in 1977, the United Nations passed the resolution inaugurating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people, it was asserting the recognition that injustice and gross human rights violations were being perpetrated in Palestine.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    In the same period, the UN took a strong stand against apartheid; and over the years, an international consensus was built, which helped to bring an end to this iniquitous system.
  • We know too well that our freedom is incomplete without the freedom of the Palestinians.

The Sacred Warrior (2000)

"The Sacred Warrior" — essay on Mohandas Gandhi in TIME magazine (3 January 2000)
.
  • India is Gandhi's country of birth; South Africa his country of adoption.^ "The Sacred Warrior" — essay on Mohandas Gandhi in TIME magazine (3 January 2000) India is Gandhi's country of birth; South Africa his country of adoption.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1964 , Mr Mandela was sentenced to life imprisonment for, amongst other things, his alleged involvement in a conspiracy to help other countries invade South Africa.
    • Why Nelson Mandela is to blame for Liverpool's failure to win the league for 19 years | Liverpool-Kop 28 January 2010 1:33 UTC www.liverpool-kop.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In context, it is clear that the literal meaning of “Where’s Mandela?” is “Where is the Iraqi who will play the role in his country that Mandela played in postapartheid South Africa?” This was a pithy metaphor, not an “embarrassing gaffe.” .
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .He was both an Indian and a South African citizen.^ He was both an Indian and a South African citizen.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Both countries contributed to his intellectual and moral genius, and he shaped the liberatory movements in both colonial theaters.

    He is the archetypal anticolonial revolutionary.^ He is the archetypal anticolonial revolutionary.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Both countries contributed to his intellectual and moral genius, and he shaped the liberatory movements in both colonial theaters.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .His strategy of noncooperation, his assertion that we can be dominated only if we cooperate with our dominators, and his nonviolent resistance inspired anticolonial and antiracist movements internationally in our century.
  • The Gandhian influence dominated freedom struggles on the African continent right up to the 1960s because of the power it generated and the unity it forged among the apparently powerless.^ The Gandhian influence dominated freedom struggles on the African continent right up to the 1960s because of the power it generated and the unity it forged among the apparently powerless.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His strategy of noncooperation, his assertion that we can be dominated only if we cooperate with our dominators, and his nonviolent resistance inspired anticolonial and antiracist movements internationally in our century.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Gandhi remained committed to nonviolence; I followed the Gandhian strategy for as long as I could, but then there came a point in our struggle when the brute force of the oppressor could no longer be countered through passive resistance alone.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Nonviolence was the official stance of all major African coalitions, and the South African A.N.C. remained implacably opposed to violence for most of its existence.
  • Gandhi remained committed to nonviolence; I followed the Gandhian strategy for as long as I could, but then there came a point in our struggle when the brute force of the oppressor could no longer be countered through passive resistance alone.^ But most important of all is that we are ALL South African.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ I came there in the following manner: .
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nonviolence was the official stance of all major African coalitions, and the South African A.N.C. remained implacably opposed to violence for most of its existence.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We founded Umkhonto we Sizwe and added a military dimension to our struggle.^ We founded Umkhonto we Sizwe and added a military dimension to our struggle.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our resort to the armed struggle in 1960 with the formation of the military wing of the ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe, was a purely defensive action against the violence of apartheid.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It was only when all else had failed, when all channels of peaceful protest had been barred to us, that the decision was made to embark on violent forms of political struggle, and to form Umkhonto we Sizwe.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Even then, we chose sabotage because it did not involve the loss of life, and it offered the best hope for future race relations.^ Even then, we chose sabotage because it did not involve the loss of life, and it offered the best hope for future race relations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Sabotage did not involve loss of life, and it offered the best hope for future race relations.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I hoped then that life might offer me the opportunity to serve my people and make my own humble contribution to their freedom struggle.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Militant action became part of the African agenda officially supported by the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.) following my address to the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa (PAFMECA) in 1962, in which I stated, "Force is the only language the imperialists can hear, and no country became free without some sort of violence."
  • Gandhi himself never ruled out violence absolutely and unreservedly.^ Gandhi himself never ruled out violence absolutely and unreservedly.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ No other country in the world can boast so many official languages.
    • Nelson Mandela | South Africa Rocks 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC sarocks.co.za [Source type: General]

    ^ Militant action became part of the African agenda officially supported by the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.) following my address to the Pan-African Freedom Movement of East and Central Africa (PAFMECA) in 1962, in which I stated, "Force is the only language the imperialists can hear, and no country became free without some sort of violence."
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He conceded the necessity of arms in certain situations.^ He conceded the necessity of arms in certain situations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He said, "Where choice is set between cowardice and violence, I would advise violence...^ He said, "Where choice is set between cowardice and violence, I would advise violence...
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I prefer to use arms in defense of honor rather than remain the vile witness of dishonor ..."
  • Gandhi arrived in South Africa in 1893 at the age of 23. Within a week he collided head on with racism.^ Gandhi arrived in South Africa in 1893 at the age of 23.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Within a week he collided head on with racism.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I prefer to use arms in defense of honor rather than remain the vile witness of dishonor ..."
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .His immediate response was to flee the country that so degraded people of color, but then his inner resilience overpowered him with a sense of mission, and he stayed to redeem the dignity of the racially exploited, to pave the way for the liberation of the colonized the world over and to develop a blueprint for a new social order.^ His immediate response was to flee the country that so degraded people of color, but then his inner resilience overpowered him with a sense of mission, and he stayed to redeem the dignity of the racially exploited, to pave the way for the liberation of the colonized the world over and to develop a blueprint for a new social order.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In front of this distinguished audience, we commit the new South Africa to the relentless pursuit of the purposes defined in the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We thank all our distinguished international guests for having come to take possession with the people of our country of what is, after all, a common victory for justice, for peace, for human dignity.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .He left 21 years later, a near maha atma (great soul).^ He left 21 years later, a near maha atma (great soul).
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There is no doubt in my mind that by the time he was violently removed from our world, he had transited into that state.^ "Well, there is no doubt.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "What I am condemning is that one power, with a president who has no foresight, who cannot think properly, is now wanting to plunge the world into a holocaust."
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ My guess with the whole Bush/evidence thing is that we're taking our time, putting together the case in an effective manner, guarding and protecting our sources, until he can present it to the world in a convincing manner, not a press release a week.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]


    .He was no ordinary leader.^ He was no ordinary leader.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There are those who believe he was divinely inspired, and it is difficult not to believe with them.^ There are those who believe he was divinely inspired, and it is difficult not to believe with them.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He dared to exhort nonviolence in a time when the violence of Hiroshima and Nagasaki had exploded on us; he exhorted morality when science, technology and the capitalist order had made it redundant; he replaced self-interest with group interest without minimizing the importance of self.^ He dared to exhort nonviolence in a time when the violence of Hiroshima and Nagasaki had exploded on us; he exhorted morality when science, technology and the capitalist order had made it redundant; he replaced self-interest with group interest without minimizing the importance of self.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He seeks an economic order, alternative to the capitalist and communist, and finds this in sarvodaya based on nonviolence ( ahimsa ).
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Gandhi rejects the Adam Smith notion of human nature as motivated by self-interest and brute needs and returns us to our spiritual dimension with its impulses for nonviolence, justice and equality.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .In fact, the interdependence of the social and the personal is at the heart of his philosophy.^ In fact, the interdependence of the social and the personal is at the heart of his philosophy.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His philosophy of Satyagraha is both a personal and a social struggle to realize the Truth, which he identifies as God, the Absolute Morality.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He seeks the simultaneous and interactive development of the moral person and the moral society.
  • His philosophy of Satyagraha is both a personal and a social struggle to realize the Truth, which he identifies as God, the Absolute Morality.^ He seeks the simultaneous and interactive development of the moral person and the moral society.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ His philosophy of Satyagraha is both a personal and a social struggle to realize the Truth, which he identifies as God, the Absolute Morality.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In fact, the interdependence of the social and the personal is at the heart of his philosophy.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He seeks this Truth, not in isolation, self-centeredly, but with the people.^ He seeks this Truth, not in isolation, self-centeredly, but with the people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He said, "I want to find God, and because I want to find God, I have to find God along with other people.^ He said, "I want to find God, and because I want to find God, I have to find God along with other people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Almost all my colleagues in prison did not want revenge, because there is no time to do anything else except to try and save your people.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But since I believe that nobody can find God alone, I have to work with people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I don't believe I can find God alone.^ But since I believe that nobody can find God alone, I have to work with people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I don't believe I can find God alone.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .If I did, I would be running to the Himalayas to find God in some cave there.^ If I did, I would be running to the Himalayas to find God in some cave there.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Did you ever think, as you were going to leave, that you would some day be president of your country?
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .But since I believe that nobody can find God alone, I have to work with people.^ But since I believe that nobody can find God alone, I have to work with people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I don't believe I can find God alone.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ PM on September 12, 2002 I think the point, Dhartung, is that many people find it hard to believe that we supported any Islamic Fundamentalists at any time, anywhere.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    I have to take them with me. .Alone I can't come to Him."
  • The sight of wounded and whipped Zulus, mercilessly abandoned by their British persecutors, so appalled him that he turned full circle from his admiration for all things British to celebrating the indigenous and ethnic.^ The sight of wounded and whipped Zulus, mercilessly abandoned by their British persecutors, so appalled him that he turned full circle from his admiration for all things British to celebrating the indigenous and ethnic.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "This man (Gaddafi) helped us at a time when we were all alone, when those who say we should not come here (Britain and the US) were helping the enemy," Mandela says.

    ^ Alone I can't come to Him."
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He resuscitated the culture of the colonized and the fullness of Indian resistance against the British; he revived Indian handicrafts and made these into an economic weapon against the colonizer in his call for swadeshi — the use of one's own and the boycott of the oppressor's products, which deprive the people of their skills and their capital.
  • A great measure of world poverty today and African poverty in particular is due to the continuing dependence on foreign markets for manufactured goods, which undermines domestic production and dams up domestic skills, apart from piling up unmanageable foreign debts.^ A great measure of world poverty today and African poverty in particular is due to the continuing dependence on foreign markets for manufactured goods, which undermines domestic production and dams up domestic skills, apart from piling up unmanageable foreign debts.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He resuscitated the culture of the colonized and the fullness of Indian resistance against the British; he revived Indian handicrafts and made these into an economic weapon against the colonizer in his call for swadeshi — the use of one's own and the boycott of the oppressor's products, which deprive the people of their skills and their capital.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Gandhi's insistence on self-sufficiency is a basic economic principle that, if followed today, could contribute significantly to alleviating Third World poverty and stimulating development.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Gandhi's insistence on self-sufficiency is a basic economic principle that, if followed today, could contribute significantly to alleviating Third World poverty and stimulating development.
  • Gandhi rejects the Adam Smith notion of human nature as motivated by self-interest and brute needs and returns us to our spiritual dimension with its impulses for nonviolence, justice and equality.^ Gandhi's insistence on self-sufficiency is a basic economic principle that, if followed today, could contribute significantly to alleviating Third World poverty and stimulating development.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Gandhi rejects the Adam Smith notion of human nature as motivated by self-interest and brute needs and returns us to our spiritual dimension with its impulses for nonviolence, justice and equality.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Moved by that appeal and inspired by the eminence you have thrust upon us, we undertake that we too will do what we can to contribute to the renewal of our world so that none should, in future, be described as the "wretched of the earth".
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .He exposes the fallacy of the claim that everyone can be rich and successful provided they work hard.^ He exposes the fallacy of the claim that everyone can be rich and successful provided they work hard.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He points to the millions who work themselves to the bone and still remain hungry.
  • He stepped down from his comfortable life to join the masses on their level to seek equality with them.^ He stepped down from his comfortable life to join the masses on their level to seek equality with them.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He points to the millions who work themselves to the bone and still remain hungry.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ."I can't hope to bring about economic equality...^ "I can't hope to bring about economic equality...
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I have to reduce myself to the level of the poorest of the poor."^ I have to reduce myself to the level of the poorest of the poor."
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .From his understanding of wealth and poverty came his understanding of labor and capital, which led him to the solution of trusteeship based on the belief that there is no private ownership of capital; it is given in trust for redistribution and equalization.^ From his understanding of wealth and poverty came his understanding of labor and capital, which led him to the solution of trusteeship based on the belief that there is no private ownership of capital; it is given in trust for redistribution and equalization.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There can be no separate solution for Natal under these conditions, nor can it be argued any longer that there is a need.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom We know it well that none of us acting alone can achieve success.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Similarly, while recognizing differential aptitudes and talents, he holds that these are gifts from God to be used for the collective good.^ Similarly, while recognizing differential aptitudes and talents, he holds that these are gifts from God to be used for the collective good.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We pray that those who have the power to do so will, without further delay, permit that she uses her talents and energies for the greater good of the people of her country and humanity as a whole.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .He seeks an economic order, alternative to the capitalist and communist, and finds this in sarvodaya based on nonviolence (ahimsa).^ He seeks an economic order, alternative to the capitalist and communist, and finds this in sarvodaya based on nonviolence ( ahimsa ).
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .He rejects Darwin's survival of the fittest, Adam Smith's laissez-faire and Karl Marx's thesis of a natural antagonism between capital and labor, and focuses on the interdependence between the two.^ He rejects Darwin 's survival of the fittest, Adam Smith 's laissez-faire and Karl Marx 's thesis of a natural antagonism between capital and labor, and focuses on the interdependence between the two.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Gandhi rejects the Adam Smith notion of human nature as motivated by self-interest and brute needs and returns us to our spiritual dimension with its impulses for nonviolence, justice and equality.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .He believes in the human capacity to change and wages Satyagraha against the oppressor, not to destroy him but to transform him, that he cease his oppression and join the oppressed in the pursuit of Truth.

    We in South Africa brought about our new democracy relatively peacefully on the foundations of such thinking, regardless of whether we were directly influenced by Gandhi or not.
  • As we find ourselves in jobless economies, societies in which small minorities consume while the masses starve, we find ourselves forced to rethink the rationale of our current globalization and to ponder the Gandhian alternative.^ The victory of democracy in South Africa is the common achievement of all humanity.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As we find ourselves in jobless economies, societies in which small minorities consume while the masses starve, we find ourselves forced to rethink the rationale of our current globalization and to ponder the Gandhian alternative.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We in South Africa brought about our new democracy relatively peacefully on the foundations of such thinking, regardless of whether we were directly influenced by Gandhi or not.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    At a time when Freud was liberating sex, Gandhi was reining it in; when Marx was pitting worker against capitalist, Gandhi was reconciling them; when the dominant European thought had dropped God and soul out of the social reckoning, he was centralizing society in God and soul; at a time when the colonized had ceased to think and control, he dared to think and control; and when the ideologies of the colonized had virtually disappeared, he revived them and empowered them with a potency that liberated and redeemed.

Newsweek interview (2002)

"Nelson Mandela: The United States of America is a threat to world peace" Newsweek (10 September 2002)
.
  • If I am asked, by credible organizations, to mediate, I will consider that very seriously.^ "Nelson Mandela: The United States of America is a threat to world peace" Newsweek (10 September 2002) If I am asked, by credible organizations, to mediate, I will consider that very seriously.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But a situation of this nature does not need an individual, it needs an organization like the United Nations to mediate.^ But a situation of this nature does not need an individual, it needs an organization like the United Nations to mediate.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Like I said yesterday and I’ll add to it this time: If the Mandela organization felt the need to clarify then you belong in the evangelical literal reader club.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ But now that you've had black secretary generals like Boutros Boutros Ghali , like Kofi Annan , they do not respect the United Nations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]


    .We must understand the seriousness of this situation.
    The United States has made serious mistakes in the conduct of its foreign affairs, which have had unfortunate repercussions long after the decisions were taken.
  • You will notice that France, Germany Russia, China are against this decision.^ We must understand the seriousness of this situation.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You will notice that France, Germany Russia, China are against this decision.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The United States has made serious mistakes in the conduct of its foreign affairs, which have had unfortunate repercussions long after the decisions were taken.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It is clearly a decision that is motivated by George W. Bush's desire to please the arms and oil industries in the United States of America.^ It is clearly a decision that is motivated by George W. Bush's desire to please the arms and oil industries in the United States of America.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America.
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then the United States chose to arm and finance the [Islamic] mujahedin in Afghanistan instead of supporting and encouraging the moderate wing of the government of Afghanistan.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .If you look at those factors, you'll see that an individual like myself, a man who has lost power and influence, can never be a suitable mediator.
  • Neither Bush nor Tony Blair has provided any evidence that such weapons exist.^ If you look at those factors, you'll see that an individual like myself, a man who has lost power and influence, can never be a suitable mediator.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Neither Bush nor Tony Blair has provided any evidence that such weapons exist.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Those of you who are from Maphumulo's area, you too.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But what we know is that Israel has weapons of mass destruction.^ But what we know is that Israel has weapons of mass destruction.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why are they not seeking to confiscate weapons of mass destruction from their ally Israel?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ How is he protecting innocent people against weapons of mass destruction?
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Nobody talks about that.^ Nobody talks about that.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Why should there be one standard for one country, especially because it is black, and another one for another country, Israel, that is white.^ "Though this statue is of one man, it should in actual fact symbolise all those who have resisted oppression, especially in my country."

    ^ I know this sounds revolutionary to the whites in this country, because the majority of voters will be Africans.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why should we believe that Bush Jr. Iraqi people than his father did- or for that matter, have any more of an attention span in Iraq than he did in, um what's that country, y'know, the one where there was that one guy that we were going to get dead or alive?
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ... .Many people say quietly, but they don't have the courage to stand up and say publicly, that when there were white secretary generals you didn't find this question of the United States and Britain going out of the United Nations.^ They never did that when secretary-generals were white".
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ KING: So, you wanted to go out where they took you in?
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Is it because the secretary-general of the United Nations is now a black man?
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .But now that you've had black secretary generals like Boutros Boutros Ghali, like Kofi Annan, they do not respect the United Nations.^ But Bush is now undermining the United Nations”.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ But now that you've had black secretary generals like Boutros Boutros Ghali , like Kofi Annan , they do not respect the United Nations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Is it because the secretary-general of the United Nations [Ghanaian Kofi Annan] is now a black man?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    They have contempt for it. .This is not my view, but that is what is being said by many people.
  • There is one compromise and one only, and that is the United Nations.^ This is not my view, but that is what is being said by many people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is one compromise and one only, and that is the United Nations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When in 1977, the United Nations passed the resolution inaugurating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian people, it was asserting the recognition that injustice and gross human rights violations were being perpetrated in Palestine.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .If the United States and Britain go to the United Nations and the United Nations says we have concrete evidence of the existence of these weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and we feel that we must do something about it, we would all support it.^ If the United States and Britain go to the United Nations and the United Nations says we have concrete evidence of the existence of these weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and we feel that we must do something about it, we would all support it.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But what we know is that Israel has weapons of mass destruction.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I want, therefore, to say something about the African National Congress.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ... .There is no doubt that the United States now feels that they are the only superpower in the world and they can do what they like.^ "Well, there is no doubt.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is compulsory education for all white children at virtually no cost to their parents, be they rich or poor.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He attacked the United States for its record on human rights and for dropping atomic bombs on Japan during World War II .
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .And of course we must consider the men and the women around the president.^ And of course we must consider the men and the women around the president.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    Gen. .Colin Powell commanded the United States army in peacetime and in wartime during the Gulf war.^ Colin Powell, the secretary of State.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Colin Powell commanded the United States army in peacetime and in wartime during the Gulf war.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He went around briefing the allies of the United States of America and asking for their support for the war in Afghanistan.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He knows the disastrous effect of international tension and war, when innocent people are going to die, young men are going to die.^ He knows the disastrous effect of international tension and war, when innocent people are going to die, young men are going to die.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And remember, all you anti-war types, when the fighting starts, we are going to be extremely careful not to kill any of those oppressed people of Iraq.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Both young men were displeased by this and rather than marry, they elected to flee the comforts of the Regent's estate to go to Johannesburg .
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He knows and he showed this after September 11 last year.^ He knows and he showed this after September 11 last year.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ PM on September 10, 2002 Last I read the US has killed more civilians in Afghanistan than people who died a year ago in the 9/11 attack.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ GhostintheMachine at 5:13 AM on September 11, 2002 Is that why there was a near-unanimous show of support last year for America?
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .He went around briefing the allies of the United States of America and asking for their support for the war in Afghanistan.^ He went around briefing the allies of the United States of America and asking for their support for the war in Afghanistan.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Colin Powell commanded the United States army in peacetime and in wartime during the Gulf war.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MANDELA: Well, that's an important question, because if you are talking about the government in the United States of America or somewhere in Europe, you are dealing with people who are prepared...
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Dick Cheney, Rumsfeld, they are people who are unfortunately misleading the president.^ But he does worry about Cheney's influence, going on to state: Dick Cheney, [Defense secretary Donald] Rumsfeld, they are people who are unfortunately misleading the president.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dick Cheney, Rumsfeld, they are people who are unfortunately misleading the president.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Dick Cheney [and Donald] Rumsfeld...are dinosaurs, who do not want [President Bush] to belong to the modern age.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Because my impression of the president is that this is a man with whom you can do business.^ Because my impression of the president is that this is a man with whom you can do business.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .But it is the men who around him who are dinosaurs, who do not want him to belong to the modern age.
  • I really wanted to retire and rest and spend more time with my children, my grandchildren and of course with my wife.^ Dick Cheney [and Donald] Rumsfeld...are dinosaurs, who do not want [President Bush] to belong to the modern age.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I really wanted to retire and rest and spend more time with my children, my grandchildren and of course with my wife.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But it is the men who around him who are dinosaurs, who do not want him to belong to the modern age.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .But the problems are such that for anybody with a conscience who can use whatever influence he may have to try to bring about peace, it's difficult to say no.^ But the problems are such that for anybody with a conscience who can use whatever influence he may have to try to bring about peace, it's difficult to say no.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A leader who leads by inspiration rather than force, the open hand rather than the fist, who brings peace because peace lives within her?
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ It is you, in your wisdom now, who must begin the work of bringing peace to Natal.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    • On why he continues to be active in social and political issues.

Iraq War speech (2003)

.Speech held by Mandela at the International Women's Forum in Johannesburg, January 29, 2003, prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq.^ Speech held by Mandela at the International Women's Forum in Johannesburg, January 29, 2003, prior to the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
  • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Iraq War speech (2003) .
  • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 2003 Mandela criticised the foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration in a number of speeches.
  • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

[2][3]
.
  • It's a tragedy what is happening, what Bush is doing.^ It's a tragedy what is happening, what Bush is doing.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Criticising the lack of UN involvement in the decision to begin the War in Iraq, he said, “It is a tragedy, what is happening, what Bush is doing.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Criticising the lack of UN involvement in the decision to begin the War in Iraq , he said, "It is a tragedy, what is happening, what Bush is doing.
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .All Bush wants is Iraqi oil.^ All Bush wants is Iraqi oil.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There is no doubt that the U.S. is behaving badly.^ "Well, there is no doubt.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is no doubt that the U.S. is behaving badly.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There is no doubt in my mind that by the time he was violently removed from our world, he had transited into that state.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Why are they not seeking to confiscate weapons of mass destruction from their ally Israel?^ But what we know is that Israel has weapons of mass destruction.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why are they not seeking to confiscate weapons of mass destruction from their ally Israel?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .This is just an excuse to get Iraq’s oil.
  • Bush is now undermining the United Nations.^ This is just an excuse to get Iraq’s oil.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But Bush is now undermining the United Nations ."
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But Bush is now undermining the United Nations”.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .He is acting outside it, not withstanding the fact that the United Nations was the idea of President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill.^ He is acting outside it, not withstanding the fact that the United Nations was the idea of President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    Both Bush, as well as Tony Blair, are undermining an idea which was sponsored by their predecessors. They do not care. .Is it because the secretary-general of the United Nations [Ghanaian Kofi Annan] is now a black man?^ But now that you've had black secretary generals like Boutros Boutros Ghali , like Kofi Annan , they do not respect the United Nations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Is it because the secretary-general of the United Nations [Ghanaian Kofi Annan] is now a black man?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But Bush is now undermining the United Nations”.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .They never did that when secretary-generals were white.
  • If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America.^ They never did that when secretary-generals were white.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ If there is a country that has committed unspeakable atrocities in the world, it is the United States of America.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We can count amongst them Africans, Coloureds, Whites, Indians, Muslims, Christians, Hindus, Jews — all of them united by a common vision of a better life for the people of this country.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    They don't care for human beings.
  • What I am condemning is that one power, with a president [George W. Bush] who has no foresight, who cannot think properly, is now wanting to plunge the world into a holocaust.

Other

.
  • I have fought against white domination and I have fought against black domination.^ I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ 'I have fought against white domination and I have fought against black domination.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is, indeed, a man who spent decades in jail after being convicted of "inciting terrorism", a charge to which his response is fundamentally stirring still today: I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination.
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.^ I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And if this happened, how could black and white ever live together again in peace and harmony?
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve.^ It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is an ideal which I hope to live for.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.^ But, my lord, if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Comments on 19896 | MetaFilter 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.metafilter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.'
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • During his 1964 trial.^ During his 1964 trial.
      • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ When Mandela stood trial in 1964, he said "During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people.
      • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ In conclusion I wish to quote my own words during my trial in 1964.
      • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

      [4]

Attributed

  • Israel should withdraw from all the areas which it won from the Arabs in 1967, and in particular Israel should withdraw completely from the Golan Heights, from south Lebanon and from the West Bank. .[5]
  • I cannot conceive of Israel withdrawing if the Arab states do not recognize Israel, within secure borders.^ I cannot conceive of Israel withdrawing if the Arab states do not recognize Israel, within secure borders.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Israel should withdraw from all the areas which it won from the Arabs in 1967, and in particular Israel should withdraw completely from the Golan Heights, from south Lebanon and from the West Bank.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .[6]
  • I salute the South African Communist Party for its sterling contribution to the struggle for democracy.^ I salute the South African Communist Party for its sterling contribution to the struggle for democracy.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Indeed, for my own part, I believe that it is open to debate whether the Communist Party has any specific role to play at this particular stage of our political struggle.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .You have survived 40 years of unrelenting persecution.^ You have survived 40 years of unrelenting persecution.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The memory of great communists like Moses Kotane, Yusuf Dadoo, Bram Fischer and Moses Mabhida will be cherished for generations to come.
  • I went to Cuba in July 1991, and I drove through the streets with Fidel Castro.^ I went to Cuba in July 1991, and I drove through the streets with Fidel Castro.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The memory of great communists like Moses Kotane, Yusuf Dadoo, Bram Fischer and Moses Mabhida will be cherished for generations to come.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There were a great deal of cheers.^ There were a great deal of cheers.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .And I also waved back believing that these cheers were for me.^ And I also waved back believing that these cheers were for me.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Fidel was very humble; he smiled but he never said a word.^ Fidel was very humble; he smiled but he never said a word.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .But when I reached the square where I had to make some remarks to the crowd, then I realized that these cheers were not meant for me, they were meant for Fidel Castro.^ But when I reached the square where I had to make some remarks to the crowd, then I realized that these cheers were not meant for me, they were meant for Fidel Castro.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Uh huh…Sure….Care to explain to what Democratic administrations you refer and what actions they took to “set up and make possible” these events?
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Because everybody forgot about me, and was really aroused by Fidel Castro.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Because everybody forgot about me, and was really aroused by Fidel Castro.^ Because everybody forgot about me, and was really aroused by Fidel Castro.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And we brought about a change, because we looked upon everybody as a human being with hopes and aspirations and that is how we treated them.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But when I reached the square where I had to make some remarks to the crowd, then I realized that these cheers were not meant for me, they were meant for Fidel Castro.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Then I realized that here was a man of the masses.
  • Long live the Cuban Revolution.^ Then I realized that here was a man of the masses.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Long live the Cuban Revolution.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Long live comrade Fidel Castro...^ Long live comrade Fidel Castro...
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Cuban internationalists have done so much for African independence, freedom, and justice.^ Cuban internationalists have done so much for African independence, freedom, and justice.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We admire the sacrifices of the Cuban people in maintaining their independence and sovereignty in the face of a vicious imperialist campaign designed to destroy the advances of the Cuban revolution.^ We admire the sacrifices of the Cuban people in maintaining their independence and sovereignty in the face of a vicious imperialist campaign designed to destroy the advances of the Cuban revolution.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It began with the lonely voices of Bishop Colenso and his daughters who denounced imperialist injustices against the Zulu people and who campaigned vigorously for the freedom of their leaders.
    • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Cuban revolution has been a source of inspiration to all freedom-loving people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We too want to control our destiny...^ We too want to control our destiny...
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There can be no surrender.^ There can be no surrender.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It is a case of freedom or death.^ It is a case of freedom or death.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The Cuban revolution has been a source of inspiration to all freedom-loving people.
  • Sometimes it falls upon a generation to be great.^ Sometimes it falls upon a generation to be great.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Cuban revolution has been a source of inspiration to all freedom-loving people.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We admire the sacrifices of the Cuban people in maintaining their independence and sovereignty in the face of a vicious imperialist campaign designed to destroy the advances of the Cuban revolution.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .You can be that great generation.
  • That was one of the things that worried me — to be raised to the position of a semi-god — because then you are no longer a human being.^ That was one of the things that worried me — to be raised to the position of a semi-god — because then you are no longer a human being.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You can be that great generation.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mandela said that he did not intend to hide away totally from the public, but wanted to be in a position "of calling you to ask whether I would be welcome, rather than being called upon to do things and participate in events.
    • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .I wanted to be known as Mandela, a man with weaknesses, some of which are fundamental, and a man who is committed, but, nevertheless, sometimes fails to live up to expectations.
  • Thinking too well of people often allows them to behave better than they otherwise would.
  • We identify with the PLO because, just like ourselves, they are fighting for the right of self-determination.^ Thinking too well of people often allows them to behave better than they otherwise would.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We identify with the PLO because, just like ourselves, they are fighting for the right of self-determination.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I wanted to be known as Mandela, a man with weaknesses, some of which are fundamental, and a man who is committed, but, nevertheless, sometimes fails to live up to expectations.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .I support Israel's right to exist, but that doesn't mean that Israel has the right to retain the territories they conquered from the Arab world.^ I support Israel's right to exist, but that doesn't mean that Israel has the right to retain the territories they conquered from the Arab world.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This means that strikes of African workers are illegal, and that they are denied the right of collective bargaining which is permitted to the better-paid White workers.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But George Bush has shown the world that the Right way often doesn’t work either.
    • Think Progress » Nelson Mandela Foundation confirms ‘Mandela is alive.’ 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

    .It will be a grave mistake for us to consider our attitude towards [Yasser] Arafat on the basis of the Jewish community.^ It will be a grave mistake for us to consider our attitude towards [Yasser] Arafat on the basis of the Jewish community.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And I think the time has come for us to consider, in the light of our experiences at this day at home, whether the methods which we have applied so far are adequate.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We sympathise with the struggles of the Jewish people and their persecution, down the years.^ We sympathise with the struggles of the Jewish people and their persecution, down the years.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .In fact, we have been very much influenced by the lack of racism among the Jewish communities.^ In fact, we have been very much influenced by the lack of racism among the Jewish communities.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    Arafat is a comrade in arms, and we treat him as such.

Disputed

.
  • We consider ourselves to be comrades in arms to the Palestinian Arabs in their struggle for the liberation of Palestine.^ We consider ourselves to be comrades in arms to the Palestinian Arabs in their struggle for the liberation of Palestine.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There is not a single citizen in South Africa who is not ready to stand by his Palestinian brothers in their legitimate fight against the Zionist racists.^ There is not a single citizen in South Africa who is not ready to stand by his Palestinian brothers in their legitimate fight against the Zionist racists.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The South Africa we have struggled for, in which all our people, be they African, Coloured, Indian or White, regard themselves as citizens of one nation is at hand.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There's Mr. Mandela, Mr. Nelson Mandela, a free man taking his first steps into a new South Africa.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

Misattributed

.
  • Our greatest fear is not that we are inadequate, but that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness, that frightens us.^ It is our light, not our darkness, that frightens us.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our greatest fear is not that we are inadequate, but that we are powerful beyond measure.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And I think the time has come for us to consider, in the light of our experiences at this day at home, whether the methods which we have applied so far are adequate.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We ask ourselves, who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, handsome, talented, and fabulous?^ We ask ourselves, who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, handsome, talented, and fabulous?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Actually, who are you not to be?^ Actually, who are you not to be?
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    You are a child of God. .Your playing small does not serve the world.^ Your playing small does not serve the world.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won't feel insecure around you.^ There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won't feel insecure around you.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You still go around helping people?
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ MANDELA: Well, that's an important question, because if you are talking about the government in the United States of America or somewhere in Europe, you are dealing with people who are prepared...
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    .We were born to make manifest the glory of God within us.^ We were born to make manifest the glory of God within us.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .It is not just in some; it is in everyone.^ It is not just in some; it is in everyone.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .And, as we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same.^ And, as we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Well, that was something very important, which influenced our own approach because, in prison, there was a debate amongst other wardens, some saying, let us be tough on these people to save white supremacy, they must never regard the prison as a five-star hotel.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our political struggle has always been financed from internal sources - from funds raised by our own people and by our own supporters.
    • Nelson Mandela Speech - I am Prepared to Die 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.historyplace.com [Source type: Original source]

    .As we are liberated from our fear, our presence automatically liberates others.^ As we are liberated from our fear, our presence automatically liberates others.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Today, all of us do, by our presence here, and by our celebrations in other parts of our country and the world, confer glory and hope to newborn liberty.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • These statements have been misattributed to Mandela, as being in his inaugural speech of 10 May 1994 but this is not the case.^ These statements have been misattributed to Mandela, as being in his inaugural speech of 10 May 1994 but this is not the case.
      • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ The ANC won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President , with the National Party's de Klerk as his first deputy and Thabo Mbeki as the second in the Government of National Unity .
      • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Pretoria (10 May 1994) Your Majesties, Your Highnesses, Distinguished Guests, Comrades and Friends.
      • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      Rather, they originate with author Marianne Williamson.

Quotes about Mandela

.
  • Free Nelson Mandela!^ UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There's Mr. Mandela, Mr. Nelson Mandela, a free man taking his first steps into a new South Africa.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Free Nelson Mandela!
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Political slogan , and the title of a song, "Free Nelson Mandela" (1984) by Special AKA supporting Mandela's release from prison.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Political slogan, and the title of a song, "Free Nelson Mandela" (1984) by Special AKA supporting Mandela's release from prison.^ Political slogan , and the title of a song, "Free Nelson Mandela" (1984) by Special AKA supporting Mandela's release from prison.
      • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ The title has come to be synonymous with Nelson Mandela.
      • Nelson Mandela - a knol by Anonymous 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ 'Free Nelson Mandela' echoed in the corridors.
      • Nelson Mandela 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC www.kalavati.org [Source type: Original source]

      .(audio file)
  • I knew what he was going to say, because we had all seen the speech.^ I knew what he was going to say, because we had all seen the speech.
    • Nelson Mandela - Wikiquote 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But I could not avoid going to Burundi, because I was asked by the leaders of the Great Lakes, as well as President Thabo Mbeki to undertake this role, and I couldn't say no.
    • CNN Transcript - Larry King Live: President Nelson Mandela One-on-One - May 16, 2000 17 January 2010 19:45 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]