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Nematocera
Simulium yahense, a black fly
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Nematocera
Infraorders

Axymyiomorpha
Culicomorpha
Blephariceromorpha
Bibionomorpha
Psychodomorpha
Ptychopteromorpha
Tipulomorpha

Nematocera ("thread-horns"), is a primitive suborder of elongated flies with thin, segmented antennae and mostly aquatic larvae, consisting of the mosquitoes, crane flies, gnats, and midges.

Nematocera are typically characterized by filamentous, multi-segmented antennae which may be plumose in some males. Nematocera is a paraphyletic suborder, because one of its constituent families (Anisopodidae) is apparently a sister taxon to the entire suborder Brachycera; an alternative classification has been proposed in which the family Nymphomyiidae (traditionally classified within the Blephariceromorpha) is removed to its own suborder, the Archidiptera, and all the remaining Nematoceran families are placed in a suborder called Eudiptera – however, Eudiptera is also paraphyletic, and this classification has not been widely accepted. Largely due to its long history, the name Nematocera continues to be used.

Examples of the Nematocera include the mosquitoes (Culicidae), crane flies (Tipulidae) and black flies (Simuliidae). Many of the remaining families (especially Mycetophilidae, Anisopodidae and Sciaridae), are called gnats, while others (especially Chironomidae, Cecidomyiidae and Ceratopogonidae) are called midges.

The larvae are mostly aquatic and have distinct head with mouthparts that may be modified for filter feeding. The pupae are orthorrhaphous (meaning adults emerge from the pupa through a straight seam in the pupal cuticle). The body and legs of the adults are usually elongate and these flies often have relatively long abdomens.

Many species form mating swarms of males, and in some of these competition for females is extreme. Although many species (as larvae) have a strong association with water, even within a single family there may be a trend toward semiaquatic and terrestrial habitats.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Nematocera

  1. a taxonomic suborder, within order Diptera - the gnats, mosquitoes, crane flies etc
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Wikispecies

See also

  • Bibionomorpha
  • Blephariceromorpha
  • Culicomorpha
  • Psychodomorpha
  • Ptychopteromorpha
  • Tipulomorpha

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Cladus: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Cladus: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Nematocera
Infraordines: Tipulomorpha - Psychodomorpha - Ptychopteromorpha - Culicomorpha - Blephariceromorpha - Bibionomorpha

Name

Nematocera Schiner, 1862

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Mücken
日本語: カ亜目 (長角亜目, 糸角亜目)
Polski: Długoczułkie
Suomi: Sääsket
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Category:Nematocera on Wikimedia Commons.

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