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Funnel-web tarantulas
Fossil range: Lower Cretaceous-Recent
Calisoga sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Mygalomorphae
Infraorder: Tuberculotae
Superfamily: Nemesioidea
Family: Nemesiidae
Simon, 1892
Subfamily: Nemesoidea
Genera

see text

Diversity
41 genera, > 300 species
Acanthogonatus francki

The Nemesiidae are a spider family of the infraorder Mygalomorphae, and the only member of the superfamily Nemesioidea[1]. They were formerly considered part of the Dipluridae family.[2]

Contents

Description

Nemesiidae are relatively large, brown, elongated spiders with robust legs.[3] Female Atmetochilus can grow over 4 cm in body length.

These spiders live in burrows. Some finish these with a hinged door. They often push this door up and wait for passing prey. When they catch it they try not to leave their burrow. Sometimes a burrow has a side tube. It is not certain whether Sinopesa builds burrows.[4]

Genera

  • Acanthogonatus Karsch, 1880 — South America
  • Aname L. Koch, 1873 — Australia
  • Atmetochilus Simon, 1887 — Burma
  • Brachythele Ausserer, 1871 — USA, Europe
  • Calisoga Chamberlin, 1937 — USA
  • Chaco Tullgren, 1905 — South America
  • Chenistonia Hogg, 1901 — Australia
  • Chilelopsis Goloboff, 1995 — Chile
  • Damarchus Thorell, 1891 — India, Southeast Asia
  • Diplothelopsis Tullgren, 1905 — Argentina
  • Entypesa Simon, 1902 — Madagascar, South Africa
  • Flamencopsis Goloboff, 1995 — South America, South Africa
  • Hermacha Simon, 1889 — Brazil
  • Hermachura Mello-Leitão, 1923 — Brazil
  • Iberesia Decae & Cardoso, 2006 — Majorca, Spain, Portugal
  • Ixamatus Simon, 1887 — Australia
  • Kwonkan Main, 1983 — Australia
  • Lepthercus Purcell, 1902 — South Africa
  • Longistylus Indicatti & Lucas, 2005 — Brazil
  • Lycinus Thorell, 1894 — Chile, Argentina
  • Merredinia Main, 1983 — Australia
  • Mexentypesa Raven, 1987 — Mexico
  • Namea Raven, 1984 — Australia
  • Nemesia Audouin, 1826 — Europe, Africa, Cuba, China
  • Neostothis Vellard, 1925 — Brazil
  • Pionothele Purcell, 1902 — South Africa
  • Prorachias Mello-Leitão, 1924 — Brazil
  • Psalistopoides Mello-Leitão, 1934 — Brazil
  • Pselligmus Simon, 1892 — Brazil
  • Pseudoteyl Main, 1985 — Australia
  • Pycnothele Chamberlin, 1917 — South America
  • Rachias Simon, 1892 — Brazil, Argentina
  • Raveniola Zonstein, 1987 — Turkey to China, Russia
  • Sinopesa Raven & Schwendinger, 1995 — China, Ryukyu Islands
  • Spiroctenus Simon, 1889 — South Africa
  • Stanwellia Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918 — New Zealand, Australia
  • Stenoterommata Holmberg, 1881 — South America
  • Teyl Main, 1975 — Australia
  • Teyloides Main, 1985 — Australia
  • Xamiatus Raven, 1981 — Australia
  • Yilgarnia Main, 1986 — Australia

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Raven, R.J. 1985. The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180.
  2. ^ Platnick 2009
  3. ^ Find-a-spider Guide
  4. ^ Murphy & Murphy 2000

References

  • Raven, R.J. (1985): The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180.
  • Selden, P.A. (2001): Eocene spiders from the Isle of Wight with preserved respiratory structures. Palaeontology 44: 695-729. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00199
  • Raven, R.J. (1987): A new mygalomorph spider genus from Mexico (Nemesiinae, Nemesiidae, Arachnida). J. Arachnol. 14: 357-362. PDF (Mexentypesa)
  • Pesarini, C. (1988): Revision of the genus Pycnothele (Araneae, Nemesiidae). J. Arachnol. 16: 281-293. PDF
  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Rafael P. Indicatti & Sylvia M. Lucas (2005): Description of a new genus of Nemesiidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae) from the Brazilian Cerrado. Zootaxa 1088: 11-16. PDF (Longistylus)
  • Indicatti, Rafael P.; Lucas, Sylvia M.; Ott, Ricardo & Brescovit, Antonio D. (2008): Litter dwelling mygalomorph spiders (Araneae: Microstigmatidae, Nemesiidae) from Araucaria forests in southern Brazil, with the description of five new species. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 25(3): 529-546.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2009): The world spider catalog, version 10.0. American Museum of Natural History.

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Mygalomorphae
Superfamilia: Nemesioidea
Familia: Nemesiidae
Genera: Acanthogonatus - Aname - Atmetochilus - Brachythele - Calisoga - Chaco - Chenistonia - Chilelopsis - Damarchus - Diplothelopsis - Entypesa - Flamencopsis - Hermacha - Hermachura - Iberesia - Ixamatus - Kwonkan - Lepthercus - Longistylus - Lycinus - Merredinia - Mexentypesa - Namea - Nemesia - Neostothis - Pionothele - Prorachias - Psalistopoides - Pselligmus - Pseudoteyl - Pycnothele - Rachias - Raveniola - Sinopesa - Spiroctenus - Stanwellia - Stenoterommata - Teyl - Teyloides - Xamiatus - Yilgarnia

Name

Nemesiidae Simon, 1889

References

  • Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Vernacular names

Català: Nemèsid
日本語: イボブトグモ科
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Nemesiidae on Wikimedia Commons.

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