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Nephritis: Wikis

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Nephritis
Classification and external resources
MeSH D009393

Nephritis is inflammation of the kidney. The word comes from the Greek nephro- meaning "of the kidney" and -itis meaning "inflammation". Nephritis is often caused by infections, toxins, and auto-immune diseases.

Contents

Subtypes

Nephritis is the most common cause of glomerular injury. It is a disturbance of the glomerular structure with inflammatory cell proliferation. This can lead to: reduced glomerular blood flow leading to reduced urine output (oliguria) & retention of waste products (uremia). As a result, there can also be leakage of red blood cells from damaged glomerulus (hematuria). Low renal blood flow activates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), which therefore causes fluid retention and mild hypertension.

Epidemiology

Disability-adjusted life year for nephritis and nephrosis per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004.[1]
     no data      less than 40      40-120      120-200      200-280      280-360      360-440      440-520      520-600      600-680      680-760      760-840      more than 840

See also

References

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