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Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
নেতাজী সুভাষচন্দ্র বসু আন্তর্জাতিক বিমানবন্দর
CCU tarmac.jpeg
IATA: CCUICAO: VECC
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Airports Authority of India
Serves Kolkata
Location Dum Dum, India
Elevation AMSL 5 m / 16 ft
Coordinates 22°39′17″N 088°26′48″E / 22.65472°N 88.44667°E / 22.65472; 88.44667 (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport)Coordinates: 22°39′17″N 088°26′48″E / 22.65472°N 88.44667°E / 22.65472; 88.44667 (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport)
Website www.nscbiairport.org/
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01L/19R 2,800 9,240 Asphalt
01R/19L 3,627 11,900 Asphalt
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is located in India
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport
Location of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, India
The start of the drive in to the airport, coming off Jessore Road
The entry to the domestic terminal
Domestic gate one
The airport tarmac
An Air India A320 at the domestic terminal

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport (Kolkata Airport) (Bengali: নেতাজী সুভাষচন্দ্র বসু আন্তর্জাতিক বিমানবন্দর) (IATA: CCUICAO: VECC) is an airport located in Dum Dum, near Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The airport was originally known as Dum Dum Airport before being renamed in the honour of Subhas Chandra Bose. It is located approximately 17 km (11 mi) from the city centre.

The airport is the largest in eastern India and one of only two operating in West Bengal, the other being at Bagdogra. It is a major centre for all flights to North-East India and Bangladesh.

Contents

Airport structure

The airport has three terminals: a domestic terminal (opened in the early 1990s), an international terminal (the oldest terminal) and a cargo terminal. It was given a major facelift in the recent past[citation needed]. It has two parallel runways 01/19 L/R, of which the longer one, 01R/19L is used for takeoffs and landings, while the other one is used mostly as a taxiway and for aircraft landing during daytime. The expansion of this runway is hampered by a 119-year old mosque that lies 100 feet north of the runway, within the airport property[1].

The airport is connected to the Kolkata Suburban Railway system, and is also accessible by taxi and bus.

Modernisation

The airport is now being provided with a face-lift by the Airports Authority of India (AAI), which is currently building a fourth terminal for the airport, due to massive increase in passenger volume during the past three to four years[citation needed]. The modernisation plan also includes the lengthening of the runways. The airport is also linked by the suburban railway system. It is among the top ten airports in the country, handling about 310 flights a day.

The increase in air traffic has forced the government to plan a second airport for the city[citation needed]. The Chief Minister of West Bengal, Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, is considering using the services of specialised private firms to carry out the task.

The existing domestic terminal building will continue to be used with appropriate modifications and façade treatment.

AAI has recently added cargo-handling capacity to the airport, which is sufficient to cater to the demand up to 2015-16. In 2006-07 there were 65,687 aircraft movements of which 9,414 were international and 56,273 domestic. There has been a 25 per cent growth in international cargo movement to and from Kolkata airport and a 15 per cent increase in outward transit. Automobile parts accounted for the bulk of the growth in the movement of cargo from the city to other countries. International cargo movement to and from Kolkata airport has increased by around 25 per cent in the past year, prompting foreign airlines to add more freighters on certain routes. In November 2008 the first Centre for Perishable Cargo (CPC) in West Bengal was opened at the airport. The CPC has an area of 742.5 m2 (7,992 sq ft) and an annual storage capacity of 12,000 million tonnes. The CPC had been undergoing trials that started in June 2008 and was built with a Rs.67.5 million grant-in-aid from the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) part of the Commerce Ministry.[2]

Work on a secondary runway extension, rapid exit taxiways and parking bays are in progress. The secondary runway has already been extended by 400 m (1,300 ft) on the northern side. On the south side about 1000 ft extension work is going on along with rapid exit taxi way. The secondary runway is being fitted with CAT-I facilities for night use. The primary runway is being upgraded from CAT-I to CAT-II ILS facility to help aircraft landing under poor visibility. The work on the new integrated terminal started in November 2008. The new integrated terminal will be an L-shaped structure with two-tiers for arrivals and departures. The 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft) of the first phase of modernisation is designed to accommodate a peak flow of 1,800 passengers per hour[3].

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Asia Kuala Lumpur International
Air-India Express Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dhaka, Singapore International
Air India Regional Agartala, Aizawl, Dimapur, Guwahati, Imphal, Jorhat, Nagpur, Shillong, Silchar, Tezpur Domestic
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka International
China Eastern Kunming International
Druk Air Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Paro International
Emirates Dubai International
GMG Airlines Chittagong, Dhaka International
Indian Airlines Agartala, Aizawl, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Dibrugarh, Dimapur, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Mumbai, Port Blair, Silchar Domestic
Indian Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Delhi, Gaya, Kathmandu, Yangon International
IndiGo Agartala, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Vadodara Domestic
Jet Airways Agartala, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Jorhat, Mumbai, Pune Domestic
Jet Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dhaka International
JetLite Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Delhi, Dibrugarh, Guwahati, Imphal, Jorhat, Lucknow, Mumbai, Patna, Port Blair, Udaipur, Visakhapatnam Domestic
Kingfisher Airlines Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizawl, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Imphal, Indore, Mumbai, Patna, Raipur, Ranchi, Silchar Domestic
Kingfisher Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dhaka International
Lufthansa Frankfurt International
Paramount Airways Agartala, Chennai, Guwahati Domestic
Singapore Airlines Singapore International
SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Jaipur, Mumbai, Pune Domestic
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International
United Airways Chittagong, Dhaka International

Cargo Terminal

Kolkata is also served by a number of cargo airlines, for example Air India Cargo, Blue Dart Aviation, Etihad Crystal Cargo, Jade Cargo, Lufthansa Cargo and Singapore Airlines Cargo.

World War II

During 1942, the United States Army Air Force 7th Bombardment Group flew B-24 Liberator bombers from the airport on combat missions over Burma. The airfield was also used as a cargo aerial port throughout the war for supplies and equipment by Air Transport Command and as a communication center for Tenth Air Force, largely due to its proximity to Calcutta.[4]

Picture gallery

References

  1. ^ An expressindia article regarding the mosque built within the airport complex
  2. ^ A Freshnews article about the Perishable Cargo centre
  3. ^ An article about the new airport, containing images
  4. ^ Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.

External links








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