Neuro-linguistic programming: Wikis

  
  
  

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NLP
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.Meta model
Milton model
Anchoring
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^ Meta model reframing 212 .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Meta model Milton model Metaphor Anchoring Reframing Rapport Rep.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Meta model reframing .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

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.Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) is a controversial approach to psychotherapy and organizational change based on "a model of interpersonal communication chiefly concerned with the relationship between successful patterns of behaviour and the subjective experiences (esp.^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming concepts and methods .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Neuro-linguistic programming .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming .
  • NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC skeptoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

patterns of thought) underlying them" and ."a system of alternative therapy based on this which seeks to educate people in self-awareness and effective communication, and to change their patterns of mental and emotional behaviour".[1] The co-founders, Richard Bandler and linguist John Grinder, claimed it would be instrumental in "finding ways to help people have better, fuller and richer lives".[2] They coined the title to denote their belief in a connection between neurological processes ('neuro'), language ('linguistic') and behavioral patterns that have been learned through experience ('programming') and that can be organized to achieve specific goals in life.^ This is specific to NLP and involves manipulating mental imagery to make a claimed change in behavior.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Identify the pattern of behaviour to change You have to be very specific about what it is that is to be changed.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bandler, Richard & John Grinder (1983).Reframing: Neurolinguistic programming and the transformation of meaning].
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3][4][5]
.NLP was originally promoted by its co-founders in the 1970s as an effective and rapid form of psychological therapy,[6][7][8] capable of addressing the full range of problems which psychologists are likely to encounter, such as phobias, depression, habit disorder, psychosomatic illnesses, and learning disorders.^ Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Weight Problems by Karen Hastings Post Date: 06/29/2008 Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a psychological treatment that is evidenced to be effective at helping people overcome and manage difficulties such as anxiety, depression, OCD, agoraphobia, and other such problems.
  • Senior Fitness - NLP: Powerful Strategies for Mental Change to SupportSenior Health and Lifetime Fitness 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.seniorfitness.com [Source type: General]

^ Anthropologist Professor Winkin considers such promotion to be "intellectually fraudulent" and compares NLP's association with science to astrology's association to astronomy [41] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is partly due to related New Age notions that were common at the time of development, such as Dianetics promoted by Fritz Perls (whom NLP was modeled after).
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] It also espoused the potential for self-determination through overcoming learned limitations[10] and emphasized well-being and healthy functioning. .Later, it was promoted as a 'science of excellence', derived from the study or 'modeling'[11] of how successful or outstanding people in different fields obtain their results.^ Further, NLP is a way of exploring how people think, identifying success and then applying these successful actions or even beliefs in ways that work.

^ Many people describe NLP in different ways; a study of excellence, a model of human communication and behaviour or a toolkit for personal change are ones you may have heard.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By modelling your star performers, you can find out how they are able to achieve the results that they get.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

It was claimed that these skills can be learned by anyone to improve their effectiveness both personally and professionally[12]
.Despite its popularity,[13] NLP has been largely ignored by conventional social science because of issues of professional credibility[13] and insufficient empirical evidence to substantiate its models and claimed effectiveness.^ However, NLP claims were subject to a battery of controlled studies in the 1980s and its models and methods were found to be largely ineffective [28] [5] [7] [1] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scientific skepticism would rather prioritize the fact that the more independent empirical evidence shows that NLP failed to show any efficacy in controlled studies, and that any claims made as to the efficacy of any intervention should require independent support.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Russia and the UK do have professional associations of NLP practitioners, but these are composed largely of people selling books and seminars, and only rarely of credentialed psychiatrists.
  • NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC skeptoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] .It appears to have little impact on academic psychology, and limited impact on mainstream psychotherapy and counselling.^ Furthermore, Druckman found weak empirical support for PRS and little theoretical support in counseling psychology and the experimental literature for NLP as a technique for social influence.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In the early 1980s, NLP was heralded as an important advance in psychotherapy and counseling [5] , and it attracted some interest in counseling research and clinical psychology.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

[14] .However, it had some influence among private psychotherapists, including hypnotherapists, to the extent that some claim to be trained in NLP and apply it to their practice.^ Some NLP authors also claim (e.g.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, NLP claims were subject to a battery of controlled studies in the 1980s and its models and methods were found to be largely ineffective [28] [5] [7] [1] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, if you are considering having hypnotherapy and are currently searching for a therapist, you will probably find that many hypnotherapists now-days, practice NLP to some level and conversely that most NLP practitioners who have completed certified training course ...
  • Senior Fitness - NLP: Powerful Strategies for Mental Change to SupportSenior Health and Lifetime Fitness 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.seniorfitness.com [Source type: General]

.NLP had greater influence in management training, life coaching,[15] and the self-help industry.^ As a NLP Practitioner, you can now begin to tell stories with greater purpose, to communicate valuable information and to influence your listeners.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Think back to a time in your life when you were influenced by someone who you learned something from – perhaps a teacher, driving instructor or manager.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The more self aware you become, the greater your ability to navigate and appreciate the complex human interactions you encounter in your life and handle them to your benefit.
  • Senior Fitness - NLP: Powerful Strategies for Mental Change to SupportSenior Health and Lifetime Fitness 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.seniorfitness.com [Source type: General]

[16]

Contents

History and founding

The first popular book on NLP, Frogs into Princes, first published in 1979, was based on transcripts of its co-founders, Bandler and Grinder, presenting at seminars.
.NLP originated when Richard Bandler, a student at University of California, Santa Cruz, was listening to and selecting portions of taped therapy sessions of the late Gestalt therapist Fritz Perls as a project for Robert Spitzer.^ In the late 1970s, Leslie Cameron-Bandler , Judith DeLozier , Robert Dilts , David Gordon , and James P. Eicher (then a key grad student at UCSC under Bandler and Grinder) worked with the co-founders and separately to contribute to the development of NLP. .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ NLP was co-founded and developed jointly by Richard Bandler and then UCSC assistant professor of linguistics John Grinder , under the tutelage of noted anthropologist Gregory Bateson , at the University of California, Santa Cruz , during the 1970s.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It was the early 1970's, and a young psychology student at the University of California, Santa Cruz was spending another late night in the lab.
  • NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC skeptoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[17][18] .Bandler believed he recognized particular word and sentence structures which facilitated the acceptance of Perls’ therapeutic suggestions.^ It makes use of pacing and leading, ambiguity, metaphor, embedded suggestion, and multiple-meaning sentence structures.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Bandler took this idea to one of his university lecturers, John Grinder, a linguist.^ These ideas were adopted by Bandler and Grinder.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Neuro Linguistic Programming was founded by UC Santa Cruz Linguistics Professor John Grinder, Phd., and Gestalt therapist and student Richard Bandler in the 1970's at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
  • Senior Fitness - NLP: Powerful Strategies for Mental Change to SupportSenior Health and Lifetime Fitness 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.seniorfitness.com [Source type: General]

^ NLP was co-founded and developed jointly by Richard Bandler and then UCSC assistant professor of linguistics John Grinder , under the tutelage of noted anthropologist Gregory Bateson , at the University of California, Santa Cruz , during the 1970s.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Together they studied Perls' via tape and observed a second therapist Virginia Satir to produce what they termed the meta model, a model for gathering information and challenging a client's language and underlying thinking.^ Your partner offers you a description of an experience that they would be happy to have an alternative meaning, you reframe it by asking a variety of meta model questions.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Make a note of the modal operators they use, and afterwards, play them back and together analyse what the modal operators imply about the underlying beliefs and experiences.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course, natural language contains all of those, so the Meta Model as covered in Practitioner training is a good way to train yourself to recognise the potential for missing information.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[19]
.The meta model was presented in 1975 in two-volumes, The Structure of Magic I: A Book About Language and Therapy and The Structure of Magic II: A Book About Communication and Change, in which they expressed their belief that the therapeutic "magic" as performed in therapy by Perls and Satir, and by performers in any complex human activity, had structure that could be learned by others given the appropriate models.^ In 1975 the meta model was published in Structure of Magic Volumes I & II .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In NLP, there are broadly two models of language – the Meta Model and the Milton Model.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Pollyanna , for example, would play The Glad Game whenever she felt downhearted to remind herself of the things that she could do, and not worry about the things that she could not change.
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.They believed that implicit in the behaviour of Perls and Satir was the ability to challenge distortion, generalization and deletion in a client's language.^ It featured a set of specifying questions that both Perls and Satir used intuitively to respond to distortion, generalization and deletion in their client's language.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There is no right or wrong course of action and what the trainers are looking for is that you are able to help the client move in the general direction they want to go.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If you believe that the world is out to get you, you will delete anyone who helps you, distort a few interactions so that they mean that people are out to get you and then generalise those instances so that everyone is out to get you.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

For example:
    .
  • Client: "I just feel terrible."
  • Therapist: "What specifically do you 'feel terrible' about?"
  • Client: "...^ Think about the kind of feeling you can feel, describe the feeling and notice your partner’s response as you get closer to understanding what your partner is thinking about.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Identify the pattern of behaviour to change You have to be very specific about what it is that is to be changed.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Pay attention to the difference in how you feel about those two voices.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    my performance yesterday."
  • Therapist: "What 'performance', specifically?"
  • "..."
.The linguistic aspects were based in part on previous work by Grinder using Noam Chomsky's transformational grammar.^ It is a contention of Bandler and Grinder that Erickson effectively used planned nominalization in his work because of an associated vagueness.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clearly NLP's linguistics and neurolinguistics concepts are designed to be as comforting and appealing as possible, yet there is no foundation for the support of those concepts: NLP proponents state that neurolinguistic programing is based upon Chomsky's transformational grammar and that this grammar is a universally occurring pattern that makes neurolinguistic programing universally applicable [2] [13] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our ability to encode the world using our linguistic labelling system is central to our society, our culture and our working lives.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[20] .Challenging linguistic distortions, specifying generalizations, and recovering of deleted information in the client utterances, the surface structure, was supposed to yield a more complete representation of the underlying deep structure, and to have therapeutic benefit.^ In fact, the position usually held is that both of the above sentences are acceptable equivalent surface structures represent­ing a common deep structure [42] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Simply, we construct sentences which are grammatically correct yet which delete, distort or generalise information.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ So what we need to do is recover the lost information to give both the speaker and listener an opportunity to discover more fully what is being communicated.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[21] They drew ideas from Gregory Bateson and Alfred Korzybski, particularly about human modeling and ideas associated with their expression, 'the map is not the territory'.[22][23]
.Satir and Bateson each agreed to write a preface to Bandler and Grinder's first book.^ In the introduction to The Structure of Magic Series , Gregory Bateson stated that "[Bandler and Grinder] create the beginnings of an appropriate theoretical base for the describing of human interaction.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When Bandler and Grinder first modelled people like Erickson and Satir, they found that they had certain beliefs about their clients – beliefs that seemed to make it easier for the client to change.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Eye Accessing Cues as presented in Bandler, Grinder, and Dilts' core book on NLP [2] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bateson also introduced the pair to Milton Erickson who became their third model.^ Milton Erickson’s language was the opposite of the Meta Model – it was full of deletions, distortions and generalisations, designed to influence the listener in a certain way.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They then built upon their Meta Model with a very different communication technique that they learned by studying the work of hypnotherapist Milton Erickson.
  • NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC skeptoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Erickson also wrote a preface to Bandler and Grinder's two-volume book series based their observations of Erickson working with clients, Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson, Volumes I & II.^ The Milton model is a way of communicating based on the hypnotic language patterns of Milton Erickson .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ After spending months closely studying Erickson's language (verbal and non-verbal) and imitating the way that Erickson worked with clients, Bandler and Grinder published the Milton model in 1976/1977 under the title The Patterns of Milton H. Erickson Volumes I & II [13] .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is a contention of Bandler and Grinder that Erickson effectively used planned nominalization in his work because of an associated vagueness.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] .These volumes also focused on the language patterns and some non-verbal patterns that Bandler and Grinder believed they observed in Erickson.^ By exploring these similarities, a model was developed of the way these people used language to influence patterns of thought and behaviour.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You saw modal operators in the Meta Model, and we can explore them in some more detail as they are a vital component of language for anyone interested in motivation.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Someone who believes themselves to be overweight or unattractive in some way and feels bad about the way they look.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.While the meta model is intentionally specific, the Milton model was described as "artfully vague" and metaphoric; the inverse of the meta model.^ Meta model Milton model Metaphor Anchoring Reframing Rapport Rep.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If you think back to the Milton and Meta Models, you’re embedding the suggestion within a presupposition.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Milton Erickson’s language was the opposite of the Meta Model – it was full of deletions, distortions and generalisations, designed to influence the listener in a certain way.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.It was used in combination with the meta model as a softener, to induce trance, and to deliver indirect therapeutic suggestion.^ We could use the meta-model, asking questions like, “How do you know the boss doesn’t like you”, “How does asking you to fetch the coffees mean he doesn’t like you” or “The boss always sends you?” .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Here’s one that you can use for general relaxation, and to deliver a specific suggestion.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The use of the 'outcome' technique receives some support, as does the meta-model questioning method.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.In addition to the first two models, Bandler, Grinder and a group of students who joined them during the early period of development of NLP, proposed other models and techniques, such as anchoring, reframing, submodalities, perceptual positions, and representational systems.^ But the committee "were impressed with the modeling approach used to develop the [NLP] technique.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ So, techniques such as anchoring and reframing are NLP applied.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ NLP modelling is automatically systemic and ecological.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.At the time, the human potential movement was developing into an industry, at the centre of this growth was the Esalen Institute at Big Sur, California.^ Neuro-linguistic programming ( NLP ) is a personal development method of the human potential movement.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ With regard to the core presuppositions of NLP, sociological researchers place neurolinguistic programing as a human potential concern within the new age movement.
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^ When the nervous system is developing in a human embryo, the original "neural crest" divides into two sections.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perls had led numerous Gestalt Therapy seminars at Esalen.^ Virginia Satir was an influential figure in Family Therapy, Gregory Bateson was an anthropologist, Fritz Perls was a psychotherapist and creator/developer of Gestalt Therapy.
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Satir was an early leader and Bateson was a guest teacher. .Bandler and Grinder claimed that in addition to being a therapeutic method, NLP was also a study of communication, and by the 1970s Grinder and Bandler were marketing it as a business tool, claiming that 'if any human being can do anything, so can you'. After 150 students paid $1,000 each for a ten-day workshop in Santa Cruz, California, Bandler and Grinder gave up academic writing and produced popular books from seminar transcripts, such as Frogs into Princes, which sold more than 270,000 copies.^ Frogs into Princes, p.54-55.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ NLP practitioners also produce business like books in their promotion in addition to writing books and articles about the more occult oriented NLP interests.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ File:Frogsintoprinces.jpg The first popular book on NLP, Frogs into Princes , first published in 1979, was based on transcripts of its co-founders, Bandler and Grinder, presenting at seminars live.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

According to court documents, Bandler's NLP business made more than $800,000 in 1980.[19]

Applications

.In contrast to mainstream psychotherapy, NLP does not concentrate on diagnosis, treatment and assessment of mental and behavioral disorders.^ Main article: Therapeutic use of Neuro-linguistic programming In contrast to mainstream psychotherapy, NLP does not concentrate on diagnosis, treatment and assessment of mental and behavioral disorders.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Instead, it focuses on helping clients to overcome their own self-perceived, or subjective, problems.^ Instead, it focuses on helping clients to overcome their own self-perceived, or subjective, problems.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It really helped me to think through the problem It helped me to find my own solution It changed my perspective of the problem I feel differently about the problem .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.It seeks to do this while respecting their own capabilities and wisdom to choose additional goals for the intervention as they learn more about their problems, and to modify and specify those goals further as a result of extended interaction with a therapist.^ Psychologists study mental illnesses so that they can learn more about them.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It seeks to do this while respecting their own capabilities and wisdom to choose additional goals for the intervention as they learn more about their problems, and to modify and specify those goals further as a result of extended interaction with a therapist.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ State Choose a resourceful state Outcomes Set a direction Rapport Get into rapport Questions Learn about the problem Intervention The technique!
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.The two main therapeutic uses of NLP are use as an adjunct by therapists[25] practicing in other therapeutic disciplines, or as a specific therapy called Neurolinguistic Psychotherapy (NLPt)[26] which is recognized by the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy[27] with accreditation governed at first by the Association for Neuro Linguistic Programming[28] and more recently by its daughter organisation the Neuro Linguistic Psychotherapy and Counselling Association[29].^ The two main therapeutic uses of NLP are use as an adjunct by therapists [57] practicing in other therapeutic disciplines, or as a specific therapy called Neurolinguistic Psychotherapy (NLPt).
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming concepts and methods .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Neuro-linguistic programming .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.While the main goals of Neuro-linguistic programming are therapeutic, the patterns have also been adapted for use outside psychotherapy for interpersonal communications and persuasion including business communication, management training,[30] sales,[31] sports,[32] and interpersonal influence.^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming concepts and methods .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Interpersonal communications and persuasion .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Investigating the uses of neuro-linguistic programming in management learning' is a good overview of the evidence.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33]

Criticism and controversy

Professional credibility issues

.In the early 1980s, NLP was hailed as an important advance in psychotherapy and counseling,[34] and attracted some interest in counseling research and clinical psychology.^ Norcross et al ran a survey of psychology experts who reported as early as 1992, that NLP was predicted to exhibit a marked decline [36] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This relationship between submodalities and the "feeling" of an experience is the basis of some important NLP processes, called submodality shifts.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is especially important as pseudoscience tends to become institutionalized to some degree, with NLP and the enneagram being taught in some universities as out of discipline seminars.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the mid 1980s, reviews in The Journal of Counseling Psychology[35] and by the National Research Council (1988; NRC) committee[33] found little or no empirical basis for the claims about preferred representational systems (PRS) or assumptions of NLP. Since then, NLP has been regarded with suspicion or outright hostility by the academic, psychiatric and medical professions.^ Predicate matching in NLP: A review of research on the preferred representational system.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1988 US National Committee (a board of scientific experts) report found that "Individually, and as a group, these studies fail to provide an empirical base of support for NLP assumptions...or NLP effectiveness.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clinical and forensic psychologist Dr Heap (1989) says "the conjecture that a person has a preferred representational system (PRS), which is observed in the choice of words, has been found to be false according to rigorous research reviews" [31] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the 1980s, shortly after publishing Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Volume I[36] with Robert Dilts and Judith Delozier, Grinder and Bandler fell out.^ Neuro-linguistic programming ( NLP ) is a personal development method of the human potential movement.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Bandler and Grinder, nominalization also consti­tutes a linguistic "distortion.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Amidst acrimony and intellectual property lawsuits, the NLP brand was adopted by other training organisations.^ Amidst acrimony and intellectual property lawsuits, NLP started to be developed haphazardly by many individuals.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ At Trainer level, you will learn how to learn about how to learn NLP so that you can train others.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some people go into NLP training wanting to influence people or even use NLP on other people.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[33] .Some time afterwards, John Grinder collaborated with various people to develop a form of NLP called the New Code of NLP which claimed to restore a whole mind-body systemic approach to NLP[23][37] Richard Bandler also published new processes based on submodalities and Ericksonian hypnosis.^ Some NLP authors also claim (e.g.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The swish was first published by Richard Bandler.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Since the early 1980s, John Grinder collaborated with various people to develop a form of NLP called the New Code of NLP which attempted to restore a whole mind-body systemic approach to NLP [69] [2] .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

[38]

Ownership dispute

.In July 1996 after many years of legal controversy, Bandler filed a lawsuit against John Grinder and others, claiming retrospective sole ownership of NLP, and also the sole right to use the term under trademark.^ In July of 1996 after many years of legal controversy, Bandler filed a lawsuit against John Grinder et al, claiming retrospective sole ownership of NLP, and the sole right to use the term under trademark.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Contemporaneous with Bandler's law suits, Tony Clarkson (a UK practitioner) successfully asked the UK High Court to revoke Bandler's UK registered trademark of "NLP", in order to clarify legally that 'NLP' was a generic term rather than intellectual property.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ NLP was co-founded and developed jointly by Richard Bandler and then UCSC assistant professor of linguistics John Grinder , under the tutelage of noted anthropologist Gregory Bateson , at the University of California, Santa Cruz , during the 1970s.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

[39][40] .At the same time, Tony Clarkson (a UK practitioner) successfully asked the UK High Court to revoke Bandler's UK registered trademark of "NLP", in order to clarify legally that 'NLP' was a generic term rather than intellectual property.^ Contemporaneous with Bandler's law suits, Tony Clarkson (a UK practitioner) successfully asked the UK High Court to revoke Bandler's UK registered trademark of "NLP", in order to clarify legally that 'NLP' was a generic term rather than intellectual property.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In July of 1996 after many years of legal controversy, Bandler filed a lawsuit against John Grinder et al, claiming retrospective sole ownership of NLP, and the sole right to use the term under trademark.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Advertising bodies in the UK have asked for NLP proponents to stop promoting NLP as a new science [15] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41]
.Despite the NLP community's being splintered, most NLP material acknowledges the early work of co-founders Bandler and Grinder, and also the development group that surrounded them in the 1970s.^ Despite the NLP community being splintered , most NLP material acknowledges the early work of the co-founders, Bandler and Grinder, and the development group that surrounded them in the 1970s.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In the late 1970s, Leslie Cameron-Bandler , Judith DeLozier , Robert Dilts , David Gordon , and James P. Eicher (then a key grad student at UCSC under Bandler and Grinder) worked with the co-founders and separately to contribute to the development of NLP. .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ NLP was co-founded and developed jointly by Richard Bandler and then UCSC assistant professor of linguistics John Grinder , under the tutelage of noted anthropologist Gregory Bateson , at the University of California, Santa Cruz , during the 1970s.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

Varying standards

.In 2001, the lawsuits were settled with Bandler and Grinder agreeing to be known as co-founders of NLP. Since 1978, a 20-day NLP practitioner certification program had been in existence for training therapists to apply NLP as an adjunct to their professional qualifications.^ In 2001, the law suits were settled with Bandler and Grinder agreeing to be known as co-founders of NLP. Since 1978, a 20 day NLP practitioner certification program had been in existence for training therapists to apply NLP as an adjunct to their professional qualifications.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Full 10 day Practitioner program .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Cite web: 'NLP Knowledge Centre' ↑ Cite web: 'NLP Schedule' ↑ Cite web: ANLP News: NLP Matters ↑ Cite web: NTIS: Graduate Certificate in Neuro-linguistic programming ↑ Carroll, Robert T..
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.As NLP evolved, and the applications began to be extended beyond therapy, new ways of training were developed and the course structures and design changed.^ As NLP evolved, and the applications began to be extended beyond therapy - new ways of training were developed and the course structures and design changed.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This is partly due to related New Age notions that were common at the time of development, such as Dianetics promoted by Fritz Perls (whom NLP was modeled after).
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Europe, the European NLP therapy association has been promoting their training in line with European therapy standards.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Course lengths and style vary from institute to institute.^ Course lengths and style vary from institute to institute.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.In the 1990s, following attempts to put NLP on a regulated footing in the UK, other governments began certifying NLP courses and providers; for example, in Australia, a Graduate Certificate in Neuro-linguistic programming is accredited under the Australian Qualifications Framework.^ Neuro-linguistic programming ( NLP ) is a personal development method of the human potential movement.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This course is a 10 day Society of NLP certified Practitioner course.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[42] .However, NLP continues to be an open field of training with no 'official' best practice.^ "NLP is no longer as prevalent as it was in the 1970s or 1980s, but is still practiced in small pockets: The science has come and gone, yet the belief still remains".
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By adding the essential tools and principles of NLP modelling to this, you can accelerate the rate at which intuitive best practice develops in your business and benefits your customers.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.With different authors, individual trainers and practitioners having developed their own methods, concepts and labels, often branding them as "NLP",[43] the training standards and quality differ greatly.^ Neuro-linguistic programming ( NLP ) is a personal development method of the human potential movement.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At Trainer level, you will learn how to learn about how to learn NLP so that you can train others.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ NLP is often sold in combination with shamanic methods of magick such as those by (by Richard Bandler) or Huna (by Tad James).
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] .The multiplicity and general lack of controls has led to difficulty discerning the comparative level of competence, skill and attitude in different NLP trainings.^ The multiplicity and general lack of controls has led to difficulty discerning the comparative level of competence, skill and attitude in different NLP trainings.
  • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ According to Peter Schütz the length of training in Europe varies from 2-3 days for the hobbyist, to 35-40 days over at least nine months to achieve a professional level of competence.
  • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Moreover the research lacked a necessary understanding of pattern recognition as part of advanced NLP training, there was inadequate control of context, an unfamiliarity with NLP as an approach to therapy, inadequate definitions of rapport and numerous logical mistakes in the research methodology.
  • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

According to Peter Schütz, the length of training in Europe varies from 2–3 days for the hobbyist to 35–40 days over at least nine months to achieve a professional level of competence.[44]
.In Europe, the European NLP therapy association has been promoting its training in line with European therapy standards.^ There’s a whole branch of NLP called Time Line Therapy, in which a person’s subjective perception of time can be used to make significant personal changes.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Anthropologist Professor Winkin considers such promotion to be "intellectually fraudulent" and compares NLP's association with science to astrology's association to astronomy [41] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Occult practices : Winkin (1990) [41] states that with its promotion with energy therapies,Tai Chi, Meditation, and Dianetics (Scientology), NLP is in the margins of contemporary obscurantism.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2001, an off-shoot application of NLP, neuro-linguistic psychotherapy, was recognized by United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy as an experimental constructivist form of psychotherapy.^ Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) is proposed as a power therapy or powerful personal development method.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Neuro-linguistic programming ( NLP ) is a personal development method of the human potential movement.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ European Association for Neuro-Linguistic Psychotherapy .

[45]
.Today, NLP is a lucrative industry, and many variants of the practice are found in seminars, workshops, books and audio programs in the form of exercises and principles intended to influence behavioral and emotional change in self and others.^ There’s a picture in the original NLP Practitioner course manual and many NLP books that looks like this: .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This is specific to NLP and involves manipulating mental imagery to make a claimed change in behavior.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Books Audiovisual Other products Order form Courses .
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There is great variation in the depth and breadth of training and standards of practitioners, and some disagreement between those in the field about which patterns are, or are not, "NLP".

Scientific criticism

.There are three main scientific criticisms of NLP. First, critics argue that NLP's claims for scientific respectability are not based on the scientific method.^ However, NLP claims were subject to a battery of controlled studies in the 1980s and its models and methods were found to be largely ineffective [28] [5] [7] [1] .
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The methods they claim include behavior change, transforming beliefs, through mind-body rituals, and eye movements, and use of NLP body language.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are a minority of positive single experimental studies on NLP, and these are often quoted by NLP companies (without referring to the substantially larger amount of critical scientific reviews).
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In response advocates of NLP argue that NLP is a pragmatic discipline, largely interested in what "works" rather than existing theory.^ This has interesting implications for the people who say, “NLP doesn’t work”, because they’re right.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Peter Labouchere states that "NLP has a very pragmatic, applied focus on what is helpful, what works and how to replicate it (Bandler & Grinder, 1990).
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He argues that most modern neurologists are informed about the brain based on neuro-imaging and clinical data but in NLP there has been little interest in neuroscience or clinical research.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Second, there is a lack of empirical research or evidence to support the core aspects of NLP or the claim that NLP is an effective and rapid set of techniques for enhancing psycho-therapeutic practice, interpersonal communication and social influence.^ There was also inadequate control of context, an unfamiliarity with NLP as an approach to therapy, inadequate definitions of rapport, and numerous logical mistakes in the research methodology.
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Main article: Persuasion uses of NLP While the main goals of Neuro-linguistic programming are therapeutic, the patterns have also been adapted for use outside of psychotherapy including business communication, management training [59] , sales [60] , sports [61] , and interpersonal influence [7] .
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He concluded that as a counseling tool, the techniques and underlying theory unique to NLP, were both empirically unvalidated and unsupported but that "if NLP is presented as a theory-less set of procedures gathered from many approaches to counseling, then it may serve as a reference role for therapists who wish to supplement their counseling practice by what may be novel techniques to them."
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

.One of the originators of NLP, John Grinder, retorts that the meta model was based on his expertise in linguistics and empirical work in collaboration with Richard Bandler in the early 1970s.^ The originators of NLP, John Grinder and Richard Bandler, decided that the behavioural psychologists were missing something important.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Written by Roger Ellerton, PhD, CMC As a certified NLP trainer, I am often asked, “What is NLP?” The term NLP stands for neuro-linguistic programming and was coined in the early seventies by John Grinder, an assistant professor of linguistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and Richard Bandler, a student of psychology at the university.

^ Of course it does – if you want to reproduce the original exactly, and that’s what we achieve with NLP modelling.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, critics maintain that the experimental research that does exist has been overall unsupportive of the central assumptions and core models of NLP, and that it is therefore up to the proponents to back up their models and claims of effectiveness with evidence.^ Overall, modelling with NLP is an extremely valuable skill to develop.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In order to understand and apply NLP effectively, you really do need to understand the concept of modelling.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course it does – if you want to reproduce the original exactly, and that’s what we achieve with NLP modelling.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.In a recent article, professional psychologist Grant Devilly (2005) stated that at the time it was introduced, NLP was heralded as a breakthrough in therapy, and advertisements for training workshops, videos and books began to appear in trade magazines.^ There’s a whole branch of NLP called Time Line Therapy, in which a person’s subjective perception of time can be used to make significant personal changes.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ NLP is used in business, sports coaching, therapy, counselling, coaching, training, teaching, sales, advertising - in fact in any area where people want to achieve better results for themselves and others.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Occult practices : Winkin (1990) [41] states that with its promotion with energy therapies,Tai Chi, Meditation, and Dianetics (Scientology), NLP is in the margins of contemporary obscurantism.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The workshops provided certification. .However, controlled studies shed such a poor light on the practice, and those promoting the intervention made such extreme and changeable claims that researchers began to question the wisdom of researching the area further.^ When he shone a yellow light through this transparency, viewers saw an image of the still life, showing only those areas that had emitted yellow light.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]
Critics argue that NLP's claims for scientific respectability are not based on the scientific method. .They believe the title of "neuro-linguistic programming" is simply a pretense to a legitimate discipline like neuroscience, neurolinguistics, and psychology.^ This is the starting point of the discipline called Neuro Linguistic Programming.
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^ With a name such as Neuro Linguistic Programming, and a large collection of scientific sounding terms, NLP presents itself in the guise of various legitimate research streams such as neuroscience, neurolinguistics, and psychology.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Neuro-linguistic programming ( NLP ) is a personal development method of the human potential movement.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Michael Corballis (1999) stated that "NLP is a thoroughly fake title, designed to give the impression of scientific respectability".[46] Furthermore, NLP adapted many scientific sounding terms, such as eye accessing cues, metamodeling, micromodeling, metaprogramming, neurological levels, presuppositions, representational systems, and submodalities, intended to obfuscate and to give the impression of a scientific discipline.^ These studies support the NLP Spelling Strategy specifically, and the NLP notion of Eye Accessing Cues, in general (reported more fully in Dilts and Epstein, 1995).
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^ The NLP term "state", is defined by O'Connor and Seymour (1990, p 232) as "How you feel, your mood.
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^ Secondary experience is composed of the representations that we use to code our primary experience -secondary experience (such as words and symbols) are only meaningful in terms of the primary sensory representations that they anchor for us."
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

According to Canadian skeptic Beyerstein (1995) "though it claims neuroscience in its pedigree, NLP's outmoded view of the relationship between cognitive style and brain function ultimately boils down to crude analogies."[47]
.There is a lack of empirical research or evidence to support the core aspects of NLP or the claim that NLP is an effective and rapid set of techniques for enhancing psycho-therapeutic practice, interpersonal communication and social influence.^ In NLP, time is usually related to the set of techniques known as ‘timelines’.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ NLP can help you to achieve goals, overcome personal barriers and communicate more effectively, building better relationships.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As a NLP Practitioner, you can now begin to tell stories with greater purpose, to communicate valuable information and to influence your listeners.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.Heap (1988) remarks[14] that if the assertions made by proponents of NLP about representational systems and their behavioural manifestations are correct, then its founders have made remarkable discoveries about the human mind and brain, which would have important implications for human psychology, particularly cognitive science and neuropsychology.^ To summarise what we have said about the brain with this in mind: .
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^ Modelling is a very important part of NLP. It is the basis for all of the techniques, because they were modelled from the minds of people who were very good at helping other people to change.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, human experience is described in NLP as an ongoing sequence of internal representations in the sensory systems.
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.Yet NLP is rarely discussed in learned textbooks and has limited number of journal articles dedicated.^ A number of the factors I have discussed in this article create choices for an NLP Practitioner wanting to help a client transfer functional skills to the neural networks where they are needed.
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.Most often, NLP has been taught via short seminars and workshop, audio programs and books in a variety of application areas rather than at university.^ Firstly, our memories are an important resource in accessing states, and secondly, we respond most strongly to changes in state rather than the state itself.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Conversely, we often have a problem with how things are done rather than what people do.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I mentioned earlier that it’s often useful to change a problem’s criteria for operating rather than trying to tackle the problem itself, and this is a perfect example.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

Although it is sometimes taught at continuing educational colleges connected to university. .A small number of universities offer postgraduate courses in neuro-linguistic programming in the United Kingdom, and in Australia a postgraduate course is accredited.^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Language is central to NLP – it’s the L! Neuro-Linguistic Programming is a study of the brain’s organisation of language and behaviour, so language is part of our behaviour and it also influences or even guides our behaviour.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Please add your comments about Neuro-Linguistic Programming - ( click here to add a comment ) .

[42] .Heaps states that generalisations about the mind and behaviour, such as the those purported by NLP proponents, can only be arrived at through prolonged, systematic, and meticulous investigation of human subjects using empirical procedures.^ There’s a whole branch of NLP called Time Line Therapy, in which a person’s subjective perception of time can be used to make significant personal changes.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The words you use, your voice tone and the things you talk about are influenced by, and can influence, your state.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Or, to think about it another way, you need to have your State right before you set an Outcome, and only then get into Rapport, and only when you have those three do you go anywhere near a Technique.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.Heap (1988) stated "There is just no other way of doing this". In general, authors in the field of NLP have rarely expressed an interest in providing a coherent theory; instead, they often state their primary aim in modeling "what works". They also claim there is ample evidence for NLP as an eclectic approach drawing from existing "cognitive-behavioural approaches, Gestalt therapy, hypnotherapy, family therapy, and brief therapy.^ They began their work by studying Fritz Perls, a psychotherapist and originator of the Gestalt school of therapy, Virginia Satir, a well-known family therapist and Milton Erickson, a world-famous hypnotherapist.

^ However, the emotional state they enter will vary depending on a number of other factors in their environment.
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^ These chemicals are also the basis for what we are calling an emotional state, and they infuse not just the nervous system but the entire body, altering every body system.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48] A counter example is offered by John Grinder who argued in retrospect that the meta-model, for example, drew from his expertise in transformational grammar and empirical work in collaboration with Bandler between 1973 and 1975.[23] Tosey and Mathison state that "the pragmatic and often anti-theoretical stance by the founders has left a legacy of little engagement between practitioner and academic communities".[49][50]
.The experimental research that does exist was mostly done in the 1980s and 1990s, and on the whole was unsupportive of the central assumptions and core models of NLP.[51] It consisted of laboratory experimentation testing Bandler and Grinder's hypotheses[52] that a person's preferred sensory mode of thinking can be revealed by observing eye movement cues and sensory predicates in language use.^ By exploring these similarities, a model was developed of the way these people used language to influence patterns of thought and behaviour.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These studies support the NLP Spelling Strategy specifically, and the NLP notion of Eye Accessing Cues, in general (reported more fully in Dilts and Epstein, 1995).
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By using this NLP modelling approach, you take a fundamental behavioural model that is already working in your organisation with your customers and your staff and you share it with everyone in that team.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[49] .A research review conducted by Christopher Sharpley which focussed on preferred representational systems, in 1984,[53] followed by another review in 1987 in response to a critique published by Einspruch and Forman,[54] concluded that there was little evidence for its usefulness as an effective counseling tool.^ Apart from words, there are other digital meta-representation systems.
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^ If the intruder is still there, the dog may continue with that strategy, or move on to another response, such as biting the intruder.
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^ By the time NLP emerged in the 1960s, then, researchers already understood that each sensory system had a specialised brain area, and that people had preferences for using particular sensory systems.
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.Reviewing the literature in 1988, Michael Heap also concluded that objective and fair investigations had shown no support for NLP claims about 'preferred representational systems'.[14] A research committee[33] working for United States National Research Council led by Daniel Druckman came to two conclusions.^ Research on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder has also shown the state-dependent nature of its symptoms (van der Kolk et alia, 1996, p291-292).
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^ Thus, human experience is described in NLP as an ongoing sequence of internal representations in the sensory systems.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It turns out that it’s also a very useful process for coaching with NLP, because NLP is about processes and interconnected systems, and systemic change.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

.First, the committee "found little if any" evidence to support NLP’s assumptions or to indicate that it is effective as a strategy for social influence.^ These studies support the NLP Spelling Strategy specifically, and the NLP notion of Eye Accessing Cues, in general (reported more fully in Dilts and Epstein, 1995).
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.It assumes that by tracking another’s eye movements and language, an NLP trainer can shape the person’s thoughts, feelings, and opinions (Dilts, 1983[55]).^ Eye accessing is a contentious issue in NLP. It’s said that, in general, movement to the left infers the recall of an existing memory whilst movement to the right infers the construction of a new experience.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These "eye movement accessing cues" have become the most widely discussed of all the NLP discoveries.
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^ These studies support the NLP Spelling Strategy specifically, and the NLP notion of Eye Accessing Cues, in general (reported more fully in Dilts and Epstein, 1995).
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

There is no scientific support for these assumptions."[56] .Secondly, the committee members "were impressed with the modeling approach used to develop the technique.^ The developers of NLP used the T.O.T.E. model to further explain how we sequence sensory representations.
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The technique was developed from careful observations of the way three master psychotherapists conducted their sessions, emphasizing imitation of verbal and nonverbal behaviors... .This then led the committee to take up the topic of expert modeling in the second phase of its work."^ This then led the committee to take up the topic of expert modeling in the second phase of its work."
  • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ However, the second phase on expert modeling that followed that were inspired by NLP were done outside the field of NLP. [6] .
  • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ By using this NLP modelling approach, you take a fundamental behavioural model that is already working in your organisation with your customers and your staff and you share it with everyone in that team.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[56]. Von Bergen et al. .(1997) state that "the most telling commentary on NLP may be that the latest revision of his text on enhancing human performance, Druckman omitted all reference to neurolinguistic programming.^ Current revision (unreviewed) Jump to: navigation , search This is the original text of my NLP Practitioner manual which I am donating to Wikibooks.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Programming (the P in NLP) refers to these strategies and the way that we learn and assemble them to produce complex patterns of behaviour.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These "eye movement accessing cues" have become the most widely discussed of all the NLP discoveries.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These studies, in particular Sharpley's literature review, marked a decline in empirical research of NLP, and particularly in matching sensory predicates and its use in counsellor-client relationship in counseling psychology.^ These studies support the NLP Spelling Strategy specifically, and the NLP notion of Eye Accessing Cues, in general (reported more fully in Dilts and Epstein, 1995).
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In NLP, we would use this form of language again to bypass the client’s critical filter.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By the time NLP emerged in the 1960s, then, researchers already understood that each sensory system had a specialised brain area, and that people had preferences for using particular sensory systems.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[57] .Barry Beyerstein (1995) states that NLP was based on outmoded scientific theories, and that its 'explanation' of the relationship between cognitive style and brain function was no more than crude analogy.^ These studies support the NLP Spelling Strategy specifically, and the NLP notion of Eye Accessing Cues, in general (reported more fully in Dilts and Epstein, 1995).
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You only need to break the old pattern, a new fixed pattern is no more useful than the old fixed pattern, since our aim is to introduce choice.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The abdominal brain, which consists of two centres called the myenteric and the submucosal, has 100 million or so neurons -more than the spinal cord.
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[47] According to Efran and Lukens (1990), claiming that "original interest in NLP turned to disillusionment after the research and now it is rarely even mentioned in psychotherapy"(p. 122).[58] .In a 2006 Delphi poll of experts in psychology and psychotherapy, 73.3% of respondents reported they were familiar with NLP as an approach to treatment mental and behavioural disorders ranged, and most of them reported that NLP has been discredited for the treatment of mental and behavioural disorders.^ By using this NLP modelling approach, you take a fundamental behavioural model that is already working in your organisation with your customers and your staff and you share it with everyone in that team.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When a person is looking at a picture, and has the "familiarity" area stimulated, they will report that they have suddenly "understood" or reinterpreted the experience.
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^ NLP is a way of sorting and organising our mental and behavioural skills, it doesn’t necessarily add anything new.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

[59]
NLP practitioners Tosey and Mathison, have argued that the experimental approach to research is inappropriate for researching NLP [60]. .Recent attempts to create a phenomenological approach to research in NLP have been criticised by Gareth Roderique-Davies who states that "NLP masquerades as a legitimate form of psychotherapy, makes unsubstantiated claims about how humans think and behave, purports to encourage research in a vain attempt to gain credibility, yet fails to provide evidence that it actually works.^ What creates disturbance is how people feel about feeling these states.
  • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The purpose of NLP is often stated as being to study, describe and transfer models of human excellence ( Modelling ).

^ If you want to have more choices about your behaviour and emotions, to enhance your communication and relationships, and develop new abilities in your thinking, then it is claimed that NLP can provide you with the tools for accomplishing this.

Neurolinguistic programming is cargo-cult psychology".[61] Roderique-Davies also states that "despite the cloak of respectability, the truth about NLP borders on the worrying", and "NLP is an ill-defined chameleon that masquerades as a discipline open to the rigours of academic enquiry, when in fact there is spectacularly no evidence to support NLP beyond personal testimony and anecdote".

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Draft revision September, 2009, "neurolinguistic programming n. a model of interpersonal communication chiefly concerned with the relationship between successful patterns of behaviour and the subjective experiences (esp. patterns of thought) underlying them; a system of alternative therapy based on this which seeks to educate people in self-awareness and effective communication, and to change their patterns of mental and emotional behaviour."[1]
  2. ^ From the book jacket of Bandler and Grinder (1975b)
  3. ^ Tosey, P. & Mathison, J., (2006) "Introducing Neuro-Linguistic Programming Centre for Management Learning & Development, School of Management, University of Surrey.
  4. ^ p.2 Dilts, R., Grinder, J., Delozier , J., and Bandler, R. (1980). Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Volume I: The Study of the Structure of Subjective Experience. Cupertino, CA: Meta Publications.. ISBN 0916990079. 
  5. ^ However, Bandler has claimed that humans are literally programmable. "When I started using the term 'programming,' people became really angry. They said things like, 'You're saying we're like machines. We're human beings, not robots.' Actually, what I was saying was just the opposite. We're the only machine that can program itself. We are 'meta-programmable.' We can set deliberately designed, automated programs that work by themselves to take care of boring, mundane tasks, thus freeing up our minds to do other, more interesting and creative, things." Bandler, R., (2008) Richard Bandler's Guide to Trance-formation: How to Harness the Power of Hypnosis to Ignite Effortless and Lasting Change Publisher: Health Communications (HCi) ISBN 0757307779
  6. ^ Steve Andreas (forward p.ii to Bandler & Grinder, 1979) and Stephen Lankton (1980, pp 9-13) state that by using NLP, problems such as phobias and learning disabilities may be disposed of in less than a single one-hour session; whereas with other therapies, progress may take weeks or months.
  7. ^ Full reference missing. According to Michael Heap in a paper on NLP written in 1988 for The Psychologist (the monthly magazine of the British Psychological Society p 261-262) one NLP workshop announcement claimed that spelling problems may be eliminated in five minutes (NLP Training Programme).
  8. ^ Bandler and Grinder state, "Our desire in this book [The Structure of Magic] is not to question the magical quality of our experience of these therapeutic wizards, but rather to show that this magic which they perform - psychotherapy...like other complex human activities such as painting, composing music, or placing a man on the moon - has structure and is, therefore learnable, given the appropriate resources. Neither is it our intention to claim that reading a book can ensure that you will have these dynamic qualities. We especially do not wish to make the claim that we have discovered the 'right' or most power approach to psychotherapy. We only desire to present a specific set of tools that seem to us to be implicit in the actions of these therapists, so you may begin or continue the never-ending process to improve, enrich and enlarge the skills you offer as a people-helper".
  9. ^ It was even alleged (Grinder & Bandler, 1981, p 166) that a single session of NLP combined with hypnosis can eliminate certain eyesight problems such as myopia, and can even cure a common cold (op.cit., p 174)…..(Also, op.cit., p 169) Bandler and Grinder make the claim that by combining NLP methods with hypnotic regression, a person can be not only effectively cured of a problem, but also rendered amnesic for the fact that they had the problem in the first place. Thus, after a session of therapy, smokers may deny that they smoked before, even when their family and friends insist otherwise, and they are unable to account for such evidence as nicotine stains’.
  10. ^ e.g. Bandler & Andreas 1985
  11. ^ p.6 Bandler, R. & Grinder, J. 1975b, The Structure of Magic: a book about language and therapy. Palo Alto: Science and Behavior Books
  12. ^ O'Connor, Joseph & John Seymour (1993). Introducing Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Psychological Skills for Understanding and Influencing People. London, UK: Thorsons. ISBN 1855383446.(see p.xii)
  13. ^ a b Berne, Eric (2005) "Chapter 10: How useful are 'popular' models of interpersonal communication?" in Interpersonal Communication; Taylor & Francis, United Kingdom. p162-180. ISBN 9780415181075
  14. ^ a b c d Heap. M., (1988) Neurolinguistic programming: An interim verdict. In M. Heap (Ed.) Hypnosis: Current Clinical, Experimental and Forensic Practices. London: Croom Helm, pp.268-280.
  15. ^ In a review of the coaching industry in Australia, 13% of respondents reported that they had been trained in NLP. -- Spence, GB., Cavanagh, MJ., & Grant, AM., Duty of care in an unregulated industry: Initial findings on the diversity and practices of Australian coaches International Coaching Psychology Review 1, 71-85.
  16. ^ Heap (1988) states, "How widespread or popular NLP has become in practice is difficult to say with precision, though. As an indication the number of people to have been trained to `Practitioner’ level in the UK since NLP’s inception seems likely to number at least 50,000. Trainings in NLP are found across the world, principally in countries where English is the first language, but including Norway, Spain and Brazil. There is no unified structure to the NLP practitioner community. Probably in common with other emergent fields, there is diversity in both practice and organisation, and there are resulting tensions".
  17. ^ According to Robert Spitzer (1992), Bandler selected portions of Perls transcripts to be published in The Gestalt Approach and Eye Witness to Therapy (1973).
  18. ^ Spitzer, R. (1992) Virginia Satir and the Origins of NLP, Anchor Point, 6(7)
  19. ^ a b Frank Clancy and Heidi Yorkshire (1989) "The Bandler Method". 'Mother Jones' Magazine
  20. ^ John Grinder, Suzette Elgin (1973). "A Guide to Transformational Grammar: History, Theory, Practice". Holt, Rinehart and Winston. ISBN 0030801265. Reviewed by Frank H. Nuessel, Jr. The Modern Language Journal, Vol. 58, No. 5/6 (Sep. - Oct., 1974), pp. 282-283
  21. ^ Bradley, E., Biedermann, HJ. (1985) "Bandler and Grinder's neurolinguistic programming: Its historical context and contribution." Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training 22(1) pp.59-62.
  22. ^ Bandler, Richard & John Grinder (1975). The Structure of Magic I: A Book About Language and Therapy. Palo Alto, CA: Science & Behavior Books. 
  23. ^ a b c Grinder, John & Carmen Bostic St Clair (2001). Whispering in the Wind. CA: J & C Enterprises.. ISBN 0-9717223-0-7. 
  24. ^ Grinder, J., Bandler, R. (1976) Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson Volume I ISBN 091699001X
  25. ^ Field, ES., (1990) Neurolinguistic programming as an adjunct to other psychotherapeutic/hypnotherapeutic interventions. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis. PubMed
  26. ^ Bridoux, D., Weaver, M., (2000) "Neuro-linguistic psychotherapy." In Therapeutic perspectives on working with lesbian, gay and bisexual clients. Davies, Dominic (Ed); Neal, Charles (Ed). (pp. 73-90). Buckingham, England: Open University Press (2000) xviii, 187 pp. ISBN 0335203337
  27. ^ Powered by Intergage www.intergage.co.uk. "United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy - List of Recognized Experimental Constructivist forms of therapies". Psychotherapy.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2008-06-12. http://web.archive.org/web/20080612155128/http://www.psychotherapy.org.uk/experiential_constuctivist.html. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  28. ^ "THE ROAD TO RECOGNITION: NLP in Psychotherapy and Counselling". http://www.cleanlanguage.co.uk/validation.html. Retrieved 29 Jan 2010. 
  29. ^ "Neuro Linguistic Psychotherapy Counselling Association NLPtCA". http://www.psychotherapy.org.uk/iqs/dbitemid.84/sfa.view/cs1.html. Retrieved 29 Jan 2010. 
  30. ^ Yemm, G., (2006) "Can NLP help or harm your business?" Industrial and Commercial Training, 38(1), pp. 12-17(6) doi:10.1108/ 00197850610645990
  31. ^ Zastrow, C., "Social workers and salesworkers: Similarities and differences." Journal of Independent Social Work. 4(3) p.7-16
  32. ^ Ingalls, Joan S. (1988) "Cognition and athletic behavior: An investigation of the NLP principle of congruence." Dissertation Abstracts International. Vol 48(7-B), pp.2090. OCLC 42614014
  33. ^ a b c d Druckman and Swets (eds) (1988) Enhancing Human Performance: Issues, Theories, and Techniques, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Academy Press. doi:10.1002/hrdq.3920010212
  34. ^ a b Devilly GJ (2005) "Power therapies and possible threats to the science of psychology and psychiatry" Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 39:437–45(9) doi:10.1111/j.1440-1614.2005.01601.x
  35. ^ Sharpley C.F. (1987). "Research Findings on Neuro-linguistic Programming: Non supportive Data or an Untestable Theory". Journal of Counseling Psychology 34 (1): 103–107,105. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.34.1.103. http://eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/Home.portal?nfpb=true&_pageLabel=RecordDetails&ERICExtSearch_SearchValue_0=EJ352101&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=eric_accno&objectId=0900000b8005c1ac. 
  36. ^ Dilts, R., Grinder, J., Delozier , J., and Bandler, R. (1980). Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Volume I: The Study of the Structure of Subjective Experience. Cupertino, CA: Meta Publications.. ISBN 0916990079. 
  37. ^ Grinder, John & Judith DeLozier (1987). Turtles All the Way Down: Prerequisites to Personal Genius. Scots Valley, CA: Grinder & Associates.. ISBN 1-55552-022-7. 
  38. ^ Bandler, R., Andreas, S. (ed) and Andreas, C. (ed) (1985) Using Your Brain-for a Change ISBN 0911226273
  39. ^ "NLP Knowledge Centre". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 1999-02-24. http://web.archive.org/web/19990224225605/http://www.nlp.com.au/action/state.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  40. ^ "NLP Schedule". NLP Schedule. Archived from the original on 2008-03-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20080328182654/http://www.nlpschedule.com/random/lawsuit-nlpc.html. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  41. ^ "ANLP News: NLP Matters". ANLP. http://web.archive.org/web/20010406091232/www.anlp.org/anlpnews.htm#law. 
  42. ^ a b "NTIS: Graduate Certificate in Neuro-linguistic programming". http://www.ntis.gov.au/?/AccreditedCourse/21576VIC. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  43. ^ Carroll RT (2009-02-23). "neuro-linguistic programming (NLP)". The Skeptic's Dictionary. http://skepdic.com/neurolin.html. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  44. ^ a b Schütz, P. "A consumer guide through the multiplicity of NLP certification training: A European perspective". http://www.nlpzentrum.at/institutsvgl-english.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-24. 
  45. ^ McDonald, L (2001). "Neurolinguistic programming in mental health". in France J; Krame S. Communication and Mental Illness. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. pp. 297–302. ISBN 1853027324. 
  46. ^ Corballis, MC., ".Are we in our right minds?^ Are we in our right minds?
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Corballis, MC., "Are we in our right minds?"
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    " In Sala, S., (ed.) (1999), Mind Myths: Exploring Popular Assumptions About the Mind and Brain Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons. ISBN 0-471-98303-9 (pp. 25-41) see page p.41
  47. ^ a b Beyerstein, B. 'Distinguishing Science from Pseudoscience', Centre for Professional and Curriculum Development, Dept. Psychology, Simon Fraser University.
  48. ^ For more extensive discussion of NLP’s theory in relation learning see Tosey and Mathison (2003; 2008)."[2].
  49. ^ a b Tosey P. & Mathison, J., "Fabulous Creatures Of HRD: A Critical Natural History Of Neuro-Linguistic Programming ", University of Surrey Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Human Resource Development Research & Practice across Europe, Oxford Brookes Business School, 26th–28th June 2007
  50. ^ They add that "The literature in academic journals is minimal; in the field of HRD see (Georges 1996), (Ashok & Santhakumar 2002), (Thompson, Courtney, & Dickson 2002). There has been virtually no published investigation into how NLP is used in practice. The empirical research consists largely of laboratory-based studies from the 1980s and 1990s, which investigated two particular notions from within NLP, the `eye movement’ model (Bandler & Grinder 1979), and the notion of the `primary representational system’, according to which individuals have a preferred sensory mode of internal imagery indicated by their linguistic predicates (Grinder & Bandler 1976)." - Tosey and Mathison 2007
  51. ^ See NLP and science for a description of the literature.
  52. ^ Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1979). Frogs into Princes: Neuro Linguistic Programming. Moab, UT: Real People Press.. pp. 149 (p.8 (quote), pp.15,24,30,45,52). ISBN 0911226192. 
  53. ^ Sharpley, C. F. (1984). .Predicate matching in NLP: A review of research on the preferred representational system.^ Other reviews of evidence for preferred representational systems .
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Washington DC: American Psychological Association Sharpley, C.F. (1984) P redicate matching in NLP: A review of research on the preferred representational system .
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Predicate matching in NLP: A review of research on the preferred representational system.
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31(2), 238-248.
  54. ^ Einspruch, E. L., & Forman, B. D. (1985). "Observations Concerning Research Literature on Neuro-Linguistic Programming". Journal of Counseling Psychology, 32(4), 589-596. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.32.4.589
  55. ^ Dilts, Robert (1983) Roots of Neuro-Linguistic Programming, Meta Publications, Capitola, CA, ISBN 0916990125
  56. ^ a b Druckman, Daniel (2004) "Be All That You Can Be: Enhancing Human Performance" Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Volume 34, Number 11, November 2004, pp. 2234-2260(27) doi:doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2004.tb01975.x
  57. ^ Gelso and Fassinger (1990) "Counseling Psychology: Theory and Research on Interventions" Annual Review of Psychology doi:10.1146/annurev.ps.41.020190.002035
  58. ^ Efran, J S. Lukens M.D. (1990) Language, structure, and change: frameworks of meaning in psychotherapy, Published by W.W. Norton, New York. ISBN 0393701034
  59. ^ Norcross et al. (2006)Discredited Psychological Treatments and Tests: A Delphi Poll. Professional Psychology: Reasearch and Practice, American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/a0015240
  60. ^ "Neuro-Linguistic Programming and Research". http://www.som.surrey.ac.uk/NLP/Research/index.asp. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  61. ^ http://jarhe.research.glam.ac.uk/media/files/documents/2009-07-17/JARHE_V1.2_Jul09_Web_pp57-63.pdf

Further reading

Books
  • Andreas, Steve & Charles Faulkner (Eds.) (1996). NLP: the new technology of achievement. New York, NY: HarperCollins. .ISBN 0-688-14619-8. 
  • Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1979) Frogs into Princes: Neuro Linguistic Programming. Real People Press.^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By tapping into the intuitive excellence of experts in the field of personal change - therapists - the creators of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder created a broad and flexible toolkit for personal change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Frogs into princes .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    149 pages. .ISBN 0911226192
  • Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1975) The Structure of Magic I: A Book About Language and Therapy Science and Behavior Books.^ Palo Alto, CA: Science & Behavior Books.
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ European psychologist ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 Bandler, Richard & John Grinder (1975).
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Grinder, J. & Bandler, R. (1976) The Structure of Magic II .
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    198 pages. .ISBN 0831400447
  • Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1981) Reframing: Neuro-Linguistic Programming and the Transformation of Meaning Real People Press.^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Language is central to NLP – it’s the L! Neuro-Linguistic Programming is a study of the brain’s organisation of language and behaviour, so language is part of our behaviour and it also influences or even guides our behaviour.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .ISBN 0911226257
  • Bandler, R., Andreas, S. (ed) and Andreas, C. (ed) (1985) Using Your Brain-for a Change ISBN 0911226273
  • Bostic St Clair, Carmen & John Grinder (2002).^ The originators of NLP, John Grinder and Richard Bandler, decided that the behavioural psychologists were missing something important.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By tapping into the intuitive excellence of experts in the field of personal change - therapists - the creators of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder created a broad and flexible toolkit for personal change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are techniques for changing processes, for splitting problems, for combining problems, for using your creativity in problem solving, for neutralising the impact of an experience – all kinds of things.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    Whispering in the Wind. Scotts Valley, CA: J & C Enterprises. .ISBN 0-9717223-0-7. 
  • Bradbury, A., Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Time for an Informed Review.^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Language is central to NLP – it’s the L! Neuro-Linguistic Programming is a study of the brain’s organisation of language and behaviour, so language is part of our behaviour and it also influences or even guides our behaviour.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    Skeptical Intelligencer 11, 2008.
  • Burn, Gillian (2005). NLP Pocketbook. Alresford, Hants SO24 9JH, United Kingdom: Management Pocketbooks Ltd. .ISBN 978-1-903776-31-5. 
  • Dilts, R., Hallbom, T., Smith, S. (1990) Beliefs: Pathways to Health & Well-being
  • Dilts, R. (1990) Changing belief systems with NLP Meta Publications.^ States, as Dilts originally hypothesised, are still best considered as "meta" to the representational systems.
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Well, they happened to be the beliefs of people who were good at helping others change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In fact, belief change is one of the easiest things to achieve with NLP and is often the best place to start.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0916990249
  • Dilts, Robert B & Judith A DeLozier (2000). .Encyclopaedia of Systemic Neuro-Linguistic Programming and NLP New Coding.^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming Article Summaries .

    ^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming was Developed by: Richard Bandler & John Grinder .

    NLP University Press. ISBN 0-9701540-0-3.
     
  • Dilts, Robert B, Todd Epstein, Robert W Dilts (1991). Tools for Dreamers: Strategies for Creativity. Palo Alto, CA: Meta Publications. ISBN 0-916990-26-5. 
  • Dilts, Robert B (1992). Cognitive Patterns of Jesus of Nazareth. Ben Lomond, CA: Dynamic Learning Publications. ISBN -. 
  • Druckman, Daniel & John A Swets, (Eds) (1988). Enhancing Human Performance: Issues, Theories, and Techniques. Washington DC: National Academy Press. ISBN 0-309-03792-1. http://www.nap.edu/books/0309037921/html. 
  • Ellerton PhD, CMC, Roger (2005). .Live Your Dreams Let Reality Catch Up: NLP and Common Sense for Coaches, Managers and You.^ A deep trance is where all of your senses are directed inwards, although even in a deep hypnotic trance you will still hear the hypnotist’s voice or a fire alarm.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Therefore, your senses are what you use to represent memories to yourself.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Your partner coaches you to make the matching more accurate and you continue until it’s as perfect as you can make it.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    Ottawa, Canada: Trafford Publishing. .ISBN 1-4120-4709-9. 
  • Grinder, J., Bandler, R. (1976) Patterns of the Hypnotic Techniques of Milton H. Erickson Volume I ISBN 091699001X
  • Grinder, John & Judith DeLozier (1987).^ The originators of NLP, John Grinder and Richard Bandler, decided that the behavioural psychologists were missing something important.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By tapping into the intuitive excellence of experts in the field of personal change - therapists - the creators of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder created a broad and flexible toolkit for personal change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Richard Bandler & John Grinder .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    Turtles All the Way Down: Prerequisites to Personal Genius. Scoots Valley, CA: Grinder & Associates. ISBN 1-55552-022-7. 
  • Grinder, John (2003). Interview in London on New Code of NLP. Inspiritive, Sydney Australia. .http://www.inspiritive.com.au/jg.htm. 
  • Grinder, John & Judith DeLozier (1987).^ If you’re inclined, you can see the pictures and read the details at www.ciauk.com/nibcc.htm .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    Turtles All the Way Down: Prerequisites to Personal Genius. Scoots Valley, CA: Grinder & Associates. ISBN 1-55552-022-7. 
  • Grinder, M. Lori Stephens (Ed) (1991) Righting the Educational Conveyor Belt ISBN 1555520367
  • Bostic St Clair, Carmen & John Grinder (2002). Whispering in the Wind. Scotts Valley, CA: J & C Enterprises. .ISBN 0-9717223-0-7. 
  • Grinder, John & Richard Bandler (1975).^ The originators of NLP, John Grinder and Richard Bandler, decided that the behavioural psychologists were missing something important.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By tapping into the intuitive excellence of experts in the field of personal change - therapists - the creators of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder created a broad and flexible toolkit for personal change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Richard Bandler & John Grinder .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .The Structure of Magic II: A Book About Communication and Change.^ As the immune cells transmit information about the quantum level changes to every part of the body, they enable you as an "observer" to almost magically affect every cell.
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Palo Alto, CA: Science & Behavior Books. ISBN 0-8314-0049-8. 
  • Laborde, G. (1987) Influencing with Integrity: Management Skills for Communication and Negotiation
  • Laborde, Genie Z. Laborde (1988). .Fine Tune Your Brain.^ Calibration means fine tuning your awareness to the person you’re working with, so that you can pick up their conscious and unconscious information.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    Palo Alto, California: Syntony Publishing. .ISBN 0-933347-30-8. 
  • Newbrook, Mark, 'Linguistic aspects of "Neurolinguistic programming"', Skeptical Intelligencer 11, 2008.
  • O'Connor, J., Seymour, J. Dilts, R. (foreword), Grinder, J. (preface) (1995) Introducing Neuro-linguistic Programming: The New Psychology of Personal Excellence Aquarian Press.^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By tapping into the intuitive excellence of experts in the field of personal change - therapists - the creators of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder created a broad and flexible toolkit for personal change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is the starting point of the discipline called Neuro Linguistic Programming.
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    224 pages. ISBN 1852740736
  • O'Connor, Joseph & Ian McDermott (1996). Principles of NLP. London, UK: Thorsons. .ISBN 0-7225-3195-8. 
  • Satir, V., Grinder, J., Bandler, R. (1976) Changing with Families: A Book about Further Education for Being Human Science and Behavior Books.^ By tapping into the intuitive excellence of experts in the field of personal change - therapists - the creators of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder created a broad and flexible toolkit for personal change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When Bandler and Grinder first modelled people like Erickson and Satir, they found that they had certain beliefs about their clients – beliefs that seemed to make it easier for the client to change.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ With the development of human beings the change is, Ramachandran says "an almost explosive development" (Ramachandran, 2004, p 74).
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 083140051X
  • Tosey P. & Mathison, J., "Fabulous Creatures Of HRD: A Critical Natural History Of Neuro-Linguistic Programming ", University of Surrey Paper presented at the 8th International Conference on Human Resource Development Research & Practice across Europe, Oxford Brookes Business School, 26 – 28 June 2007.
  • Walker, Wolfgang (1996).^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming Article Summaries .

    ^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming was Developed by: Richard Bandler & John Grinder .

    Abenteuer Kommunikation - Bateson, Perls, Satir, Erickson und die Anfänge des Neurolinguistischen Programmierens. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta. ISBN 3-608-91976-7. 
Journal articles
  • Bliemeister, J (1988). ."Empirische Überprufung zentraler theoretischer Konstrukte des Neurolinguistischen Programmierens (NLP) (Empirical verification of central theoretical constructs of neurolinguistic programming (NLP).^ Language is central to NLP – it’s the L! Neuro-Linguistic Programming is a study of the brain’s organisation of language and behaviour, so language is part of our behaviour and it also influences or even guides our behaviour.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    )". Zeitschrift für klinische Psychologie, Forschung und Praxis 17(1): 21–30.
     
  • Bradley, E J & Heinz J Biedermann (1985). ."Bandler and Grinder's Communication Analysis: Its historical context and contribution.". Psychotherapy, Theory and Research 22: 59–62. doi:10.1037/h0088527. 
  • Platt, Garry (2001).^ Bandler and Grinder were first interested in excellent communicators in the field of personal change, so they went to talk to some of the most outstanding therapists at the time.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ."NLP - Neuro Linguistic Programming or No Longer Plausible?". Training Journal May 2001: 10–15. 
    See NLP - Neuro Linguistic Programming or No Longer Plausible? Retrieved 24 Aug 2005.
  • Morgan, Dylan A (1993).^ Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This is the starting point of the discipline called Neuro Linguistic Programming.
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ NLP stands for Neuro Linguistic Programming - an unfortunately complicated was to describe a study of the mind and nervous system (Neuro), language and the way that we build a linguistic map of the world (Linguistic) and our external behavioural patterns (Programming) .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    "Scientific Assessment of NLP". Journal of the National Council for Psychotherapy & Hypnotherapy Register Spring 1993: -. http://web.archive.org/web/20021216094638/http:/easyweb.easynet.co.uk/~dylanwad/morganic/art_nlp.htm. 
  • Von Bergen, C W, Barlow Soper, Gary T Rosenthal, Lamar V Wilkinson (1997). "Selected alternative training techniques in HRD". Human Resource Development Quarterly 8(4): 281–294. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

.Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) is a field of study of the human world and subjective psychology, originated by Richard Bandler and John Grinder.^ The original article was at Neuro-Linguistic Programming .
  • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Neuro-linguistic programming ( NLP ) is a personal development method of the human potential movement.
  • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The originators of NLP, John Grinder and Richard Bandler, decided that the behavioural psychologists were missing something important.
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

Sourced

.
  • You want to become competent at whatever you do.^ Whatever else you want to say about NLP, the fact is that it is not part of mainstream psychology.
    • NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC skeptoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Quotes The other day, someone said to me, “You can achieve whatever you want” You can use quotes from films, books, repeat back what someone says, and embed a suggestion in quotes.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I mean, it’s your life, what’s left of it, so you may as well imagine whatever you want - literally.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .That does not mean to get phobics, who shake in their boots while their blood pressure blows through the roof, to believe, "This is not fear."^ Send me a phobic who's been through desensitisation and it's failed.
    • NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC skeptoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The object is to get them to stay calm and alert, and to stay in their own lane, and to drive across the bridge, which remains standing. .
    • Richard Bandler, Time for a Change, 1993, p.^ The last time I heard Richard Bandler talking about NLP he said himself that a lot of his description of process is simply a model which he pragmatically fits to events.
      • NLP: Neuro-linguistic Programming 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC skeptoid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Bandler and Grinder were first interested in excellent communicators in the field of personal change, so they went to talk to some of the most outstanding therapists at the time.
      • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ By tapping into the intuitive excellence of experts in the field of personal change - therapists - the creators of NLP, Richard Bandler and John Grinder created a broad and flexible toolkit for personal change.
      • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

      2–5
  • Ask yourself; "Can we build better?" To build those things we have to be able to suspend whatever belief system we already have. Keep it out of the way... .Those things get very, very personal.^ When a neural network is dependent on a state which is very different to those usually occurring, then the person's usual coping skills may not be available while that state is active.
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .We're talking about basic beliefs regarding human capability.^ For you to use these tools ethically and professionally, it’s important for you to understand the kinds of patterns that we’re talking about, and that’s why I’m going to share them with you.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Actually all of you are doing all of the things we're talking about, all the time .
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It's where you talk to yourself about your beliefs, your attitudes, your fears, and dreams.
    • Senior Fitness - NLP: Powerful Strategies for Mental Change to SupportSenior Health and Lifetime Fitness 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.seniorfitness.com [Source type: General]

    Here's the only truth about that. Nobody knows.
    • ibid., pp. .2–5
  • We have presented these patterns as explicitly and systematically as we can, in order to make it easy for you to learn them.^ If you don't stick to the times given, you are denying yourself the quality practice that you need in order to fully integrate the skills you've learned throughout the course.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Programming (the P in NLP) refers to these strategies and the way that we learn and assemble them to produce complex patterns of behaviour.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Make sure you have a pen, because in a moment I’m going to ask you to right now fill in an order form” .
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .We have presented them in great detail, and warned you about all the mistakes we and others have made with them, to make it hard for you to use them inappropriately.^ It’s not about what you can do to other people.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Scientific methodology involves the development of hypotheses and predictions, investigating the manipulation of particular variables while maintaining all other variables constant, using measurable, objective measures and statistical analyses in order to come to conclusions about the topic under investigation.
    • Glossary of NLP Terms - Definitions of Neuro-linguistic Programming 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.ericksonianhypnosis.com.au [Source type: Reference]

    ^ When they have laid out all of the cards, you can begin to ask questions about the structure and pattern of the cards.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Once you have taken the time to learn these methods thoroughly, you can become more flexible and artistic in utilizing them with clients, with confidence that your behavior will remain systematic and effective.^ These beliefs are purported to make an individual more flexible in behavior.
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "These beliefs are purported to make an individual more flexible in behavior."
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ You need your own outcomes independent of what the client says they want to work on during a session.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Steve and Connierae Andreas, Change your mind and keep the Change, 1987, pp.^ Keep running it through in your mind, over and over.
      • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Tony Papajohn Post Date: 06/21/2007 Want to change your state of mind from fearful to powerful in a flash?
      • Senior Fitness - NLP: Powerful Strategies for Mental Change to SupportSenior Health and Lifetime Fitness 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.seniorfitness.com [Source type: General]

      ^ There’s one important idea that I want you to keep in the back of your mind as you read this book, or any other book.
      • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

      x–xi
    • .
  • The study of the structure of subjective experience.^ Bandler and Grinder have always been clear that what they were studying fell within the realm of 'the study of the structure of subjective experience'.
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ericksonian Hypnosis Communication models developed from studies of the innovative psychiatrist Dr Milton H. Erickson, for working with an individual's subjective experience.
    • Glossary of NLP Terms - Definitions of Neuro-linguistic Programming 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.ericksonianhypnosis.com.au [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Neuro-Linguistic Programming: Volume I - The Study of the Structure of Subjective Experience.
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • An attitude and a methodology that leaves behind a trail of techniques.^ (Bandler and Grinder's books on the Patterns and Techniques of Milton H. Erickson, M.D. give some interesting and useful insights into the process of modelling Erickson and his work.
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Had they double-checked their maps with a genuinely authoritative source, had they read Bandler and Grinder's books with more care, then, I believe, virtually all of the studies would have supported the claims for the relevant NLP-related techniques.
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Eye Accessing Cues as presented in Bandler, Grinder, and Dilts' core book on NLP [2] .
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • [Milton Erickson] does not translate unconscious communication into conscious form.^ "He does not translate unconscious communication into conscious form.
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The presupposition works at the unconscious level at which your brain parses language, ready to be decoded and translated into meaning, therefore a presupposition is accepted as true even before you consciously understand what has been said.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Milton model is a way of communicating based on the hypnotic language patterns of Milton Erickson .
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    .Whatever the patient says in metaphoric form, Erickson responds [matches] in kind.^ Whatever the patient says in metaphoric form, Erickson responds [matches] in kind.
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Between 95% and 98% of respondents, whatever their native language, say that the rounded figure is Booba and the spiked figure is Kiki (Ramachandran, 2004, p 73).
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .By parables, by interpersonal action, and by directives, he works within the metaphor to bring about change.^ Tell a short story – perhaps something that happened at work, maybe a story about change, maybe a story about someone you know who has achieved something remarkable.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This turns out to be a very useful metaphor for the timeline, because we can manipulate a timeline and bring about instant changes in a person’s sense of time.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Can you think of some other ways to apply the basic steps of the swish to bring about rapid change?
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .He seems to feel that the depth and swiftness of that change can be prevented if the person suffers a translation of the communication.^ He seems to feel that the depth and swiftness of that change can be prevented if the person suffers a translation of the communication."
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ When these submodalities change, the person's "feeling state" about the experience will change.
    • NLP and Neurology - Transformations NLP 12 September 2009 15:31 UTC www.transformations.net.nz [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    • Haley, Uncommon therapy, 1973 + 1986, p. 28

Unsourced

.
  • The ability to change the process by which we experience reality is more often valuable than changing the content of our experience of reality.^ The ability to change the process by which we experience reality is more often valuable than changing the content of our experience of reality.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Our senses are our only tool for gathering information from the world, yet as we grow older we ignore sensory information more and more and replace it with ‘experience’ or what we ‘know’.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The focus of Heap's maps, and those of many other critics I've come across, is on content rather than process.
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • We have no idea about the 'real' nature of things ...^ 'We have no idea about the "real" nature of things, and we're not particularly interested in what's "true",' (p 7.
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Frogs into Princes, p.162: "One of the things that I think distinguishes a really exquisite communicator from one who is not, is to be precise about your use of language...
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    .The function of modeling is to arrive at descriptions which are useful.^ Micro modelling Building descriptions of specific thought processes used by a model within a specific context.
    • Glossary of NLP Terms - Definitions of Neuro-linguistic Programming 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.ericksonianhypnosis.com.au [Source type: Reference]

    .
    • Bandler & Grinder (1979) p.7.
  • "The map is not the territory."^ And that he has done this despite having read Bandler and Grinder's books and having in front of him incontrovertible evidence that his map was inaccurate.
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Roots of NLP p.3 Bandler, Richard & John Grinder (1979).
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Main article: Neuro-linguistic programming: Bibliography Bandler, R., Grinder, J. (1979) Frogs into Princes: Neuro Linguistic Programming.
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

  • People already have all the resources they need to succeed [or change].
  • "Life and 'Mind' are systemic processes."
  • Underlying structure (form) matters more than specific content
  • Behind every behavior is a positive intention. .
  • There is no failure, only feedback.^ Some people translate this into ‘there is no failure, only feedback’.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A person is not his or her behaviour There is no failure, only feedback.
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    .
  • The meaning of your communication is the response you get.^ The meaning of the communication is the response it produces, not the intended communication.
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The meaning of the communication is the response you get.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What you can control is your response to what happens.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Choice is better than no choice (and flexibility is the way one gets choice).^ Choice is better than no choice.
    • Neuro-linguistic programming - LGBT Info 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC lgbt.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Multiple descriptions are better than one [29] [ edit ] Techniques .
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ When you get to a locked door, you can go through all the keys, one by one, or you can take some time to understand the lock so that you’ve got a much better chance of getting the key.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Multiple descriptions are better than one.^ Multiple descriptions are better than one [29] [ edit ] Techniques .
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ If however these claims fare no better than the ones already investigated then the final verdict on NLP will be a harsh one indeed.'
    • NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING: TIME FOR AN INFORMED REVIEW 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC www.bradburyac.mistral.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Multiple Descriptions We act on and through our maps of reality rather than on the world directly.
    • Glossary of NLP Terms - Definitions of Neuro-linguistic Programming 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC www.ericksonianhypnosis.com.au [Source type: Reference]

    .
  • There are no resistant clients; there are only incompetent [less skilled] therapists.
  • NLP is generative.
  • NLP is based upon distinctions in sensory observation.
  • Good NLP is 90% information gathering and testing, and 10% changework.^ There is no failure, only feedback.
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ He concluded that "if NLP is presented as a theory-less set of procedures gathered from many approaches to counseling, then it may serve as a reference role for therapists who wish to supplement their counseling practice by what may be novel techniques to them."
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Grinder and Delozier (1984) argue that the epistemology of Gregory Bateson (and NLP) attempts to synthesize the overdrawn positions of empiricists and idealists .
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    .
    • Saying of John Seymour, NLP master trainer, may be more widespread.
  • Everyone is different, always check, never assume a pattern is universal.
  • Use whatever works.^ Elich et al stated that "NLP has achieved something akin to cult status when it may be nothing more than a psychological fad" (p625)".
    • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ By using this NLP modelling approach, you take a fundamental behavioural model that is already working in your organisation with your customers and your staff and you share it with everyone in that team.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For our purposes, it’s useful to work with the ‘typical’ model as everyone seems to have an understanding of it, even though it may differ from their own experience.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Principle of utilization, originated: Milton Erickson, who was famous for turning peoples self-perceived defects, or limitations, to positive use.
  • If something can be done effectively and ecologically in ten minutes, don't spend an hour doing it.
  • If you always do what you've always done, you'll always get what you always got.
  • Sometimes worded: If what you are doing isn't working, try something [anything] else
  • Understanding is the booby prize.^ Don’t worry, I’ll summarise it for you.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You will only know what works for you by doing it.
    • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why not - you don't have anything to hide do you?
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Neurolinguistic Programming - a knol by Joe Greenfield 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
    • Saying of John Seymour, master NLP trainer, to signify that effective change and/or learning is far more important than 'understanding', and that change does not always require interpretation and analysis.^ By understanding their mental map, I can work with them to change it more effectively.
      • Neuro Linguistic Programming Practitioner Manual - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 14 January 2010 8:28 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Robert Dilts and Judith Delozier (2000) say "In considering NLP as a science however, it is important to recognise that the epistemology of NLP is more 'subjective' and ' systematically ' oriented than many 'hard' sciences, which tend to be more 'objective' and ' deterministic '.
      • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

      ^ They stated that "NLP is far more complex than presumed by researchers, and thus, the data are not true evaluations of NLP" [37] adding that NLP is difficult to test under the traditional counseling psychology framework.
      • Neurolinguistic programming - Psychology Wiki 2 February 2010 15:52 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Academic]

      Originated with Milton Erickson who was notable amongst psychiatrists, because he would avoid "interpreting" back to the client (as described above)

External links

Wikipedia

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

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