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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Neurosurgeon
Occupation
Names Doctor, Medical Specialist
Type Specialty
Activity sectors Surgery
Description
Education required Doctor of Medicine
Fields of employment Hospitals, Clinics
Average salary USD $530,000 (M.D.)

Neurosurgery is surgery focused on treating structural diseases and spinal column, the central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system amenable to surgical intervention. Neurosurgeons treat all of the same problems that Orthopedic spine surgeons treat. The differences in the two specialists with regard to spine surgery have to do with the detailed micro-surgical approach learned in a neurosurgical training program.

Neurosurgery generally has the longest training period of all the medical specialties; in America, the neurosurgeon must complete the eight years of pre-medical and medical education, a one year-long surgical internship (where this is not a part of the residency), and five to seven years of neurosurgery residency. Many neurosurgeons pursue an additional one to three years of training in a subspecialty fellowship (like pediatric neurosurgery, epilepsy, tremor, or stroke ("functional") neurosurgery, microneurosurgery, endovascular or open vascular neurosurgery, or neuro-oncological surgery).

Contents

Modern Neurosurgery

Modern neurosurgery has benefited greatly from advances in microsurgery, computer assisted imaging computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), magnetoencephalography (MEG) and the development of stereotactic surgery. Some neurosurgical procedures even involve the use of MRI and functional MRI intraoperatively. As one of the most research-oriented specialties of medicine, the scope of neurosurgery has expanded as new diagnostic techniques allow surgeons to perform more complicated surgeries. Some of the most recent and innovative advances have been radiosurgery using the Gamma knife and Cyberknife for tumor treatment and endovascular surgery for the treatment of aneurysms.

Risks

There are many risks to neurosurgery. Any operation dealing with the brain or spinal cord can cause paralysis (systemic), brain damage, infection, psychosis or death. However, before neurosurgery is performed, neuroimaging tests (CAT, MRI, PET) and a comprehensive physical and psychological examination are generally done that can help to minimize the risk of serious impairment, paralysis, or death.[citation needed]

Conditions

Neurosurgical conditions include primarily brain, spinal cord, vertebral column and peripheral nervous system disorders.

Conditions treated by neurosurgeons include:

See also

References

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Wikibooks

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

Contents

  1. Preface
  2. Neuroanatomy
  3. Neurophysiology
  4. Neuroradiolgy
  5. Oncology
  6. Vascular
  7. Epilepsy
  8. Neuro ICU
  9. Trauma
  10. Pediatric Neurosurgery
  11. Spine
  12. Peripheral Nerves
  13. Functional Neurosurgery
  14. Surgical Procedures
  15. Rehabilitation
  16. Radiation Therapy and Radiosurgery

Authors and Contributors

  • User:Aalali Founder

Simple English

.]] Neurosurgery is the surgical discipline that focuses on treatment of the central and peripheral nervous system diseases that are treatable with mechanical intervention.



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