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State of Nevada
Flag of Nevada State seal of Nevada
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Silver State (official);
Sagebrush State; Battle Born State
Motto(s): All For Our Country
before statehood, known as
the Nevada Territory
Map of the United States with Nevada highlighted
Official language(s) De jure: None
De facto: English
Demonym Nevadan
Capital Carson City
Largest city Las Vegas
Largest metro area Las Vegas Valley
Area  Ranked 7th in the US
 - Total 110,567 sq mi
(286,367 km2)
 - Width 322 miles (519 km)
 - Length 490 miles (788 km)
 - % water
 - Latitude 35° N to 42° N
 - Longitude 114° 2′ W to 120° W
Population  Ranked 35th in the US
 - Total 2,643,085 (2009 est.)[1]
1,998,257 (2000)
 - Density 23.4/sq mi  (9.02/km2)
Ranked 42nd in the US
 - Median income  $46,984 (16th)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Boundary Peak[2]
13,147 ft  (4,005 m)
 - Mean 5,499 ft  (1,676 m)
 - Lowest point Colorado River[2]
479 ft  (146 m)
Admission to Union  October 31, 1864 (36th)
Governor Jim Gibbons (R)
Lieutenant Governor Brian Krolicki (R)
U.S. Senators Harry Reid (D)
John Ensign (R)
U.S. House delegation 1: Shelley Berkley (D)
2: Dean Heller (R)
3: Dina Titus (D) (list)
Time zones  
 - most of state Pacific: UTC-8/-7 (DST)
 - West Wendover Mountain: UTC-7/-6 (DST)
Abbreviations NV Nev. US-NV
Website http://www.nv.gov
.Nevada Listeni /nəˈvædə/ is a state located in the western region of the United States.^ Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada August 1996 vol.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada August 1996 Readers Guide (US 1) U.S. Dept.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The capital is Carson City and the largest city is Las Vegas.^ Media release from City of Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ May, 2000 (30" x 36") (Color Bond) (D8 # 5) Las Vegas: Las Vegas Metro Area Map: City Boundaries.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NLV 26) 2 copies City of North Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The state's nickname is Silver State, due to the large number of silver deposits that were discovered and mined there. "Sagebrush State" and "Battle Born State" are it's alternative nicknames. .In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state to enter the union, and the phrase "Battle Born" on the state flag reflects the state's entry on the Union side during the American Civil War.^ It became the Territory of Nevada in 1861 and the 36th U.S. state in 1864.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The small, friendly communities of Nevada’s Big Smoky Valley, which is centered right in the heart of the Silver State, are the embodiment of the American West.

^ Read More About Golf Nevada's parks range from the magnificent Great Basin National Park on the eastern side of the state to the beautiful...

Its first nonnative settlement was called Mormon Station.
.Nevada is the seventh-largest state in area, and geographically covers the Mojave Desert in the south to the Great Basin in the north.^ (H 81) Henderson Comprehensive Plan Update: Draft Transit Oriented Area 6 Nevada State College.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

It is the most arid state in the Union. Approximately 86% of the state's land is owned by the U.S federal government under various jurisdictions both civilian and military.[3] As of 2008, there were about 2.6 million residents, with over 85% of the population residing in the metropolitan areas of Las Vegas and Reno.[4] The state is well known for its easy marriage and divorce proceedings, entertainment, legalized gambling and, in 8 out of its 16 counties, legalized active brothels.

Contents

Etymology and pronunciation

The name Nevada comes from the Spanish "Nevada" [neˈβaða], meaning "snowfall",[5] after the Sierra Nevada ("snow-covered mountains") mountain range.
Most non-Westerners pronounce the name Pronunciation: /nəˈvɑːdə/, with the /ɑː/ of "father" after the imagined pronunciation of the Spanish, which annoys locals. The most famous case of this was George W. Bush's faux pas during his campaign for the 2004 US Presidential Election. Vindication later came when President Bush campaigned at the Reno-Sparks Convention Center on June 18, 2004. The president opened his talk by proclaiming that "It's great to be here in Pronunciation: /nəˈˈvædə/," the crowd roaring its approval when he light-heartedly noted "You didn't think I'd get it right, did ya?"[6]. President Bush subsequently carried the state in the election[[1]].

Geography

Digitally colored elevation map of Nevada
Nevada is almost entirely within the Basin and Range Province, and is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin.
Pinion Juniper forests cover large areas of the north and central parts of the state.
Sunrise over Reno
Basin and Range scenery near Rachel
Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket the area with snow. The state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F (52 °C) in Laughlin (elevation of 605 feet (184 m)) on June 29, 1994.[7] The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F (−47 °C) set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state.[7]
.The Humboldt River crosses from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock.^ West to State Hwy 604 & I-15 intersection East and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (D15#18) City of North Las Vegas: Zoning: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker, Truckee and Carson rivers.
Mountains west of Las Vegas in the Mojave Desert
The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet (4,000 m), harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species. .The valleys are often no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet (900 m).^ Elevation gain is from 5,000 to 9,000 feet.
  • Horse & Mule Trail Guide USA: Trails, Campgrounds, Overnight in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.horseandmuletrails.com [Source type: General]

^ The elevation ranges from 5,000 feet in the park to 8600 feet at the top of the Virginia Range.
  • Horse & Mule Trail Guide USA: Trails, Campgrounds, Overnight in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.horseandmuletrails.com [Source type: General]

.The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert.^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (LV 111J) Las Vegas Visitor Stats & Facts (Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority): http://www.lvcva.com/press/statistics-facts/index.jsp Area Facts (Southern Nevada Home Builders Assoc.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ SW 6 (B) Urban Sprawl (Las Vegas area); by Yumiko Kuroiwa (UNLV AAE442x Spring 2002 Stissi); (4) 8.5x11 color pages.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The area receives less rain in the winter but is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is also lower, mostly below 4,000 feet (1,200 m), creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights (due to temperature inversion).
Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line (in respect to the cardinal directions) as a state boundary at just over 400 miles (640 km). .This line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles (6 km) offshore (in the direction of the boundary), and continues to the Colorado River where the Nevada, California, and Arizona boundaries merge 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge.^ Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California-Nevada_Super_Speed_Train (SST 1F) “FRA to Begin Environmental Study for California-to-Nevada Maglev Project”.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ California-Nevada Super Speed Train Commission Commissioner List:7/19/2005.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (STNV 6) Summary of Nevada Zoning and Land Use Cases 1990 (STNV 5) Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, Regional Plan for the Lake Tahoe Basin Design Review Guidelines.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is the Spring Mountain Range, just west of Las Vegas.^ (NLV 17) City of North Las Vegas: Land Use Master Plan: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ SW 6 (B) Urban Sprawl (Las Vegas area); by Yumiko Kuroiwa (UNLV AAE442x Spring 2002 Stissi); (4) 8.5x11 color pages.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (D15#18) City of North Las Vegas: Zoning: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The state's lowest point is along the Colorado River, south of Laughlin.^ The southern area of the state is within the Mojave Desert ; the lowest elevation, 470 feet (143 metres), is in that region, on the Colorado River just below Black Canyon.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Hoover Dam straddles the mighty Colorado River, which forms the border between the states of Nevada and Arizona.

^ Colorado River Commission Nevada Commission on Economic Development Nevada Commission on Tourism Nevada Gaming Commission / State Gaming Control Board Nevada State Council on the Arts Public Utilities Commission Regional .
  • Nevada: State and Local Government on the Net 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.statelocalgov.net [Source type: News]

Nevada has 172 mountain summits with 2,000 feet (609m) of prominence. Nevada ranks second in the US, behind Alaska, and ahead of California, Montana, and Washington. This makes Nevada the "Most Mountainous" state in the country, at least by this measure.

Climate

Nevada is made up of mostly desert and semiarid climate regions, daytime summer temperatures sometimes may rise as high as 115 °F (46 °C) and nighttime winter temperatures may reach as low as −10 °F (−23.3 °C). The winter season in the southern part of the state, however, tends to be of short duration and mild. Most parts of Nevada receive scarce precipitation during the year. Most rain falls on the lee side (east and northeast slopes) of the Sierra Nevada Range. The average annual rainfall per year is about 7 inches (18 cm); the wettest parts get around 40 inches (102 cm).
.Las Vegas: Summer daytime highs average 94-104 degrees, and summer nighttime lows average 69-77 degrees.^ (SST 20) Las Vegas to Los Angeles High Speed/Super Speed Ground Transportation System Feasibility Study: Executive Summary.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A Self-Guided Walking Tour: Las Vegas High School Historic District.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (SST 12A&B) High-Speed Rail Technology (Las Vegas, NV-Ontario, CA): Hearing before the Subcommittee on Transportation, Aviation, and Materials….
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Winter daytime highs average 57-69 degrees, and winter nighttime lows average 37-47 degrees.
Reno: Summer daytime highs average 81-91 degrees, and summer nighttime lows average 43-51 degrees. Winter daytime highs average 45-57 degrees, and winter nighttime lows average 20-29 degrees.
Elko: Summer daytime highs average 78-89 degrees, and summer nighttime lows average 38-48 degrees. Winter daytime highs average 37-51 degrees, and winter nighttime lows average 13-26 degrees.

Vegetation

Nevada is mostly made up of desert vegetation regions, which include plants like short grasses, low bushes, cacti, and shrub-like trees like the mesquite.

Counties

.Nevada is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties.^ (STNV 32) Lincoln County, Meadow Valley Industrial Park, Caliante, Nevada, (STNV 33) Lincoln County, Meadow Valley Industrial Park Design Report,.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Carson City is officially a consolidated municipality; however, for many purposes under state law it is considered to be a county. As of 1919 there were 17 counties in the state, ranging from 146 to 18,159 square miles (378 to 47,032 km²). In 1969 Ormsby County was dissolved and the consolidated municipality of Carson City was created by the Legislature in its place co-terminous with the old boundaries of Ormsby County.
NEVADA COUNTIES
County name County seat Year founded 2000 population Percent of total Area (sq. mi.) Percent of total
Carson City Carson City 1861 52,457 2.63 % 146 0.13 %
Churchill Fallon 1861 23,982 1.20 % 5,023 4.54 %
Clark Las Vegas 1908 1,375,765 68.85 % 8,091 7.32 %
Douglas Minden 1861 41,259 2.06 % 738 0.67 %
Elko Elko 1869 45,291 2.27 % 17,203 15.56 %
Esmeralda Goldfield 1861 971 0.05 % 3,589 3.25 %
Eureka Eureka 1869 1,651 0.08 % 4,180 3.78 %
Humboldt Winnemucca 1856/1861 16,106 0.81 % 9,658 8.74 %
Lander Battle Mountain 1861 5,794 0.29 % 5,519 4.99 %
Lincoln Pioche 1866 4,165 0.21 % 10,637 9.62 %
Lyon Yerington 1861 34,501 1.73 % 2,016 1.82 %
Mineral Hawthorne 1911 5,071 0.25 % 3,813 3.45 %
Nye Tonopah 1864 32,485 1.63 % 18,159 16.43 %
Pershing Lovelock 1919 6,693 0.33 % 6,068 5.49 %
Storey Virginia City 1861 3,399 0.17 % 264 0.24 %
Washoe Reno 1861 339,486 16.99 % 6,551 5.93 %
White Pine Ely 1869 9,181 0.46 % 8,897 8.05 %
Total counties: 17 Total 2000 population: 1,998,257 Total state area: 110,552 square miles

History

Before 1861

See History of Utah, History of Las Vegas, and the discovery of the first major U.S. deposit of silver ore in Comstock Lode under Virginia City, Nevada in 1859.
Sculpture representing a steam locomotive, in Ely, Nevada. Early locomotives played an important part in Nevada's mining industry

Separation from Utah Territory

Wpdms nevada territory 1861.png
On March 2, 1861, the Nevada Territory separated from the Utah Territory and adopted its current name, shortened from Sierra Nevada (Spanish for "snowy range").
The separation of the territory from Utah was important to the federal government because of the Nevada population's political leanings, while the population itself was keen to be separated because of animosity (and sometimes violence) between the non-Mormons who dominated Nevada, and the Mormons who dominated the rest of the Utah Territory.[citation needed] Animosity between non-Mormon settlers and Mormons was particularly high after the Mountain Meadows massacre of 1857 and the Utah War in 1857-58.[citation needed]
The 1861 southern boundary is commemorated by Nevada Historical Markers 57 and 58 in Lincoln and Nye counties.

Statehood

Eight days prior to the presidential election of 1864, Nevada became the 36th state in the union. Statehood was rushed to the date of October 31 to help ensure Abraham Lincoln's reelection on November 8 and post-Civil War Republican dominance in Congress,[8] as Nevada's mining-based economy tied it to the more industrialized Union.
Nevada achieved its current southern boundaries on May 5, 1866 when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present day Nevada south of the 37th parallel. .The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and it was thought by officials that Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom.^ The Nevada State Journal announced that they would be constructing a new station for the Reno area on March 11, 1923.

.This area includes most of what is now Clark County.^ Real estate listings in Boulder City, Las Vegas, Green Valley Ranch, Summerlin, Henderson and Clark County Nevada areas.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ Visit Steve Gerri Wadkins online right now to search the latest listigs and find the Clark County home you're looking for.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ August 1, 2001 (24x36) (Bond) (D3 # 6) Clark County Comprehensive Planning: Land Uses and Construction Years for the Area Bounded By Sahara Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

In 1868 another part of the western Utah Territory, whose population was seeking to avoid Mormon dominance, was added to Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern boundary.
Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years (see Silver mining in Nevada). When Mark Twain lived in Nevada during the period described in Roughing It, mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth. However, both mining and population declined in the late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in 1900, followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite, again put Nevada's population on an upward trend.

Gambling and labor

Gambling erupted once more following a recession in the early 20th century, helping to build the city of Las Vegas
Unregulated gambling was common place in the early Nevada mining towns but outlawed in 1909 as part of a nation-wide anti-gaming crusade. Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression, Nevada re-legalized gambling on March 19, 1931, with approval from the legislature. At the time, the leading proponents of gambling expected that it would be a short term fix until the state's economic base widened to include less cyclical industries. However, re-outlawing gambling has never been seriously considered since the industry has become Nevada's primary source of revenue today.
The Hoover Dam, located outside Las Vegas near Boulder City, was constructed in the years 1932–1935. .Thousands of workers from across the country came to build the dam, and providing for their needs in turn required many more workers.^ Without Congressional action, hundreds of thousands of workers across the country would run out of unemployment benefits by the end of the month.
  • Nevada RealEstateRama | Real Estate News, Press Releases and Articles from Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nevada.realestaterama.com [Source type: News]

^ Many other broadcast stations across the country claim their lineage on much less tenable connections.

The boom in population is likely to have fueled the re-legalization of gambling, alike present-day industry. Both Hoover Dam and later war industries such as the Basic Magnesium Plant first started the growth of the southern area of the state near Las Vegas. Over the last 75 years, Clark County in Southern Nevada has been experiencing strong population growth and today encompasses most of the state's residents.

Nuclear testing

The Nevada Test Site, 65 miles (105 km) Northwest of the City of Las Vegas, was founded on January 11, 1951 for the testing of nuclear weapons. The site is composed of approximately 1,350 square miles (3,500 km2) of desert and mountainous terrain. Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site began with a one kiloton (4 terajoule) bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat on January 27, 1951. The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, 1962 and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, 1992. The location is known for the highest amount of concentrated nuclear detonated weapons in the U.S.
Over 80% of the state's area is owned by the federal government. The primary reason for this is that homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada. Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water (this pattern of ranching still prevails). .The deficiencies in the Homestead Act as applied to Nevada were probably due to a lack of understanding of the Nevada environment, although some firebrands (so-called "Sagebrush Rebels") maintain that it was due to pressure from mining interests to keep land out of the hands of common folk.^ Raycraft was an enthusiastic proponent of using wireless to keep in contact with the mining camps around the west-central Nevada area.

^ During the same time period, some of the major law enforcement agencies in southern Nevada were not interested in following this "AMBER Alert" approach.

This debate continues to be argued among some state historians today.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 6,857
1870 42,941 526.2%
1880 62,266 45.0%
1890 47,355 −23.9%
1900 42,335 −10.6%
1910 81,875 93.4%
1920 77,407 −5.5%
1930 91,058 17.6%
1940 110,247 21.1%
1950 160,083 45.2%
1960 285,278 78.2%
1970 488,738 71.3%
1980 800,493 63.8%
1990 1,201,833 50.1%
2000 1,998,257 66.3%
Est. 2009[1] 2,643,085 32.3%
Demographics of Nevada (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 86.11% 7.67% 2.17% 5.67% 0.83%
2000 (Hispanic only) 18.78% 0.44% 0.45% 0.25% 0.11%
2005 (total population) 84.25% 8.58% 2.15% 6.87% 0.92%
2005 (Hispanic only) 22.31% 0.69% 0.51% 0.30% 0.12%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 18.23% 35.25% 20.23% 46.27% 33.72%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 11.17% 31.96% 16.39% 46.36% 33.55%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 43.57% 88.97% 34.74% 44.46% 34.84%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
According to the Census Bureau's 2007 estimate, Nevada has an estimated population of 2,565,382 which is an increase of 92,909, or 3.5%, from the prior year and an increase of 516,550, or 20.8%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 81,661 people (that is 170,451 births minus 88,790 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 337,043 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 66,098 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 270,945 people. According to the 2006 census estimate, Nevada is the eighth fastest growing state in the nation.[9]
The center of population of Nevada is located in southern Nye County.[10] In this county, the unincorporated town of Pahrump, located 60 miles (97 km) west of Las Vegas on the California state line, has grown 26 times in size from 1980 to 2000. In the year 2006, the town may have over 50,000 permanent residents. Las Vegas was America's fastest-growing city and metropolitan area from 1960 to 2000, but has grown from a gulch of 100 people in 1900 to 10,000 by 1950 to 100,000 by 1970 to have 2.5 million in the metro area today.
Nevada Population Density Map
According to the census estimates racial distribution was as follows: 65% White American, 7.1% African-American, 6% Asian-American (estimates placed them at 10%), 2% others (American Indians and Pacific Islanders) and the remaining 20% were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California, which led some locals to feel that their state is being "Californicated".[11] Nevada also has a sizable Basque ancestry population. In Douglas and Pershing Counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry with Clark County (Las Vegas) being home to over 200,000 Mexican Americans alone; Nye County and Humboldt County have a plurality of Germans; and Washoe County has many of Irish ancestry. Las Vegas is home to rapid-growing ethnic communities like Scandinavians, Italians, Poles, American Jews and Armenians.
Largely African-American sections of Las Vegas ("the Meadows") and Reno can be found. Many current African-American Nevadans are newly transplanted residents from California, the Midwest, or the East Coast. However, employment in the US Armed forces, hotels and domestic services attracted black Americans ever since the 1950s.
Since the California Gold Rush of the 1850s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county, Asian Americans lived in the state. They were followed by few hundreds of Japanese farm workers in the late 1800s. By the late 20th century, many immigrants from China, Japan, Korea, Philippines and recently from India and Vietnam, came to the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The city now has one of America's most prolific Asian-American communities, with a mostly Chinese and Taiwanese area known as "Chinatown" west of I-15 on Spring Mountain Boulevard, and an "Asiatown" shopping mall for Asian customers located at Charleston Avenue/Paradise Boulevard.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 16.19% of Nevada's population aged 5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 1.59% speak Filipino [2] and 1% speak Chinese languages; the majority of those who do not speak English at home live in ethnic sections of Central Las Vegas.[citation needed]
6.8% of the state's population were reported as under 5, 26.3% under 18, and 13.6% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.7% of the population. As a result of its rapid population growth, Nevada has a higher percentage of residents born outside of the state than anywhere else in the entire country. Las Vegas was a major destination for immigrants from South Asia and Latin America seeking employment in the gaming and hospitality industries during the 1990s and 2000s, but farming and construction is the biggest employer of immigrant labor.
From about the 1940s until 2003, Nevada was the fastest-growing state in the US percentage-wise. Between 1990 and 2000, Nevada's population increased 66.3%, while the USA's population increased 13.1%. Over two thirds of the population of the state live in the Las Vegas metropolitan area.

Religion

Major religious affiliations of the people of Nevada are:[12]
The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2000 were the Roman Catholic Church with 331,844; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 116,925; and the Southern Baptist Convention with 40,233. 77,100 Nevadans belong to Jewish congregations.[13]

Economy

Nevada quarter
Lake Tahoe on the Nevada, California border
The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Nevada's total state product in 2007 was $127 billion. Resort areas such as Las Vegas, Reno, Lake Tahoe, and Laughlin attract visitors from around the nation and world. In FY08 the total of 266 casinos with gaming revenue over $1m for the year, brought in revenue of $12 billion in gaming revenue, adn $13 billion in non-gaming revenue. A review of gaming statistics can be found at Nevada gaming area.
The state's Per capita personal income in 2007 was $39,853, ranking sixteenth in the nation.[14]
Its agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions, and potatoes. Its industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment.
.In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas, mining and cattle ranching are the major economic activities.^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada Real Estate Agents in Nevada metro areas include Las Vegas, Reno, Carson City, Elko, Fallon, in Nevada.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. In 2004, 6.8 million ounces of gold worth $2.84 billion were mined in Nevada, and the state accounted for 8.7% of world gold production (see Gold mining in Nevada). Silver is a distant second, with 10.3 million ounces worth $69 million mined in 2004 (see Silver mining in Nevada).[15] Other minerals mined in Nevada include construction aggregates, copper, gypsum, diatomite and lithium. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices.
As of January 1, 2006 there were an estimated 500,000 head of cattle and 70,000 head of sheep in Nevada.[16] Most of these animals forage on rangeland in the summer, with supplemental feed in the winter. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for market. Over 90% of Nevada's 484,000 acres (1,960 km2) of cropland is used to grow hay, mostly alfalfa, for livestock feed.
Nevada is also one of only a few states with no personal income tax and no corporate income tax.
The state sales tax in Nevada is variable depending upon the county. The minimum statewide tax rate is 6.85%, with five counties Elko, Esmeralda, Eureka, Humboldt, and Mineral charging this minimum amount. All other counties assess various option taxes, making the combined state/county sales taxes rate in one county as high as 8.1%, which is the amount charged in Clark county. Sales tax in the other major counties: Carson at 7.475%, Washoe at 7.725%. It should be noted that the minimum Nevada sales tax rate changed on 1 July 2009.[17]
Nevada has by far the most hotel rooms per capita in the United States. According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association there were 187,301 rooms in 584 hotels (of 15 or more rooms). The state is ranked just below CA,TX,FL, and NY in total number of rooms, but those states have much larger populations. Nevada has one hotel room for every 14 residents, far below the national average of one hotel room per 67 residents.[18]
Prostitution is legal in parts of Nevada in licensed brothels, but only counties with populations under 400,000 residents have the option to legalize it. Although prostitution employs roughly 300 women as independent contractors, and not a major part of the Nevada economy, it is a very visible endeavor. Of the 14 counties that are permitted to legalize prostitution under state law, about 8 have chosen to legalize brothels. State law prohibits prostitution in Clark County (which contains Las Vegas),and Washoe County (which contains Reno).However, prostitution is legal in Storey county which is part of the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area.

Transportation

State Route shield
Amtrak's California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California serving Elko, Winnemucca, Sparks, and Reno. Amtrak Thruway Motorcoaches also provide connecting service from Las Vegas to trains at Needles, California, Los Angeles, and Bakersfield, California; and from Stateline, Nevada, to Sacramento, California.
The Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and in the south. Greyhound Lines provides some bus services.
U.S. Route 50, also known as "The Loneliest Road in America."
Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities. I-215 and spur route I-515 also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and passing westward through Reno and into California. It has a spur route, I-580. Nevada also is served by several federal highways: US 6, US 50, US 93, US 95 and US 395. There are also 189 Nevada state highways. Nevada is one of a few states in the U.S. that does not have a continuous interstate highway linking its two major population centers. Even the non-interstate federal highways aren't contiguous between the Las Vegas area and Reno area, though they are well marked by signs showing where to turn.
The state is one of just a few in the country that allow semi-trailer trucks with three trailers—what might be called a "road train" in Australia. However, American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.
Citizens Area Transit (CAT) is the public transit system in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The agency is the largest transit agency in the state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas Valley, including the use of double-decker buses on the Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes. RTC RIDE operates a system of local transit bus service throughout the Reno-Sparks metropolitan area. Other transit systems in the state include Carson City's JAC. Most other counties in the state do not have public transportation at all.
Additionally, a four mile monorail system provides public transportation in the Las Vegas area. The Las Vegas Monorail line services several casino properties and the Las Vegas Convention Center on the east side of the Las Vegas Strip, running near Paradise Road, with a possible future extension to McCarran International Airport. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length.
McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas is the busiest airport serving Nevada. The Reno-Tahoe International Airport (formerly known as the Reno Cannon International Airport) is the other major airport in the state.

Law and government

The current Governor of Nevada is Jim Gibbons (Republican); the governor of Nevada is limited by the Nevada Constitution to two four-year terms in office, by election or succession (lifetime limit). Nevada's two U.S. senators are Harry Reid (Democrat) and John Ensign (Republican), who, by the United States Constitution, have no term limits. Nevada's three U.S. Representatives are Republican Dean Heller and Democrats Shelley Berkley and Dina Titus.

Legislature

The Nevada Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an upper house Senate and a lower house Assembly. Members of the Senate serve for four years, and members of the Assembly serve for two years. Both houses of the Nevada Legislature will be impacted by term limits starting in 2010, as Senators and Assemblymen/women will be limited to a maximum of 12 years service in each house (by appointment or election which is a lifetime limit) - this provision in the constitution was recently upheld for legislators by the Supreme Court of Nevada in a unanimous decision (7-0), so term limits will be in effect starting in 2010. Each session of the Legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated 120 days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session. Currently, the Senate is controlled by the Democratic Party (12 to 9 majority) and the Assembly is controlled by the Democratic Party (28 to 14 majority).

Judiciary

.Nevada is one of the few U.S. states without a system of intermediate appellate courts.^ (NDOT 15) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 14) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 11) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The state supreme court is the Supreme Court of Nevada. Unlike other state supreme courts, the Supreme Court of Nevada lacks the power of discretionary review, so it must hear all appeals; as a result, Nevada's judicial system is congested.
There have been several articles accusing judges in Nevada of making biased or favored decisions as the result of case outcomes and reporting done by the Los Angeles Times newspaper (in which it raised the issue of justice for sale).
Original jurisdiction is divided between the District Courts (with general jurisdiction), and Justice Courts and Municipal Courts (both of limited jurisdiction).

Libertarian laws

The courthouse of the Supreme Court of Nevada
In 1900, Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers. Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:
"Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty. Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in California ... after easy divorce came easy marriage and casino gambling. Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it. Quite a few of them do."[19] With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around, as it did for Arizona, making these two states the fastest growing in the Union.
Prostitution is legal in some parts of Nevada (under the form of licensed brothels). It is, however, illegal in Clark County, which contains Las Vegas; Washoe County, which contains Reno; Carson City; and some other counties.
Divorce laws
Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that, prior to the no-fault divorce revolution in the 1970s, divorces were quite difficult to obtain in the United States. Already having legalized gambling and prostitution, Nevada continued the trend of boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation. This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina, 317 U.S. 287 (1942), in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that North Carolina had to give "full faith and credit" to a Nevada divorce.
Tax laws
.Nevada's tax laws also draw new residents and businesses to the state.^ The Daily Bonanza claimed this to be the first wireless news service supplied to a newspaper in the state of Nevada.

^ The Nevada State Journal announced that they would be constructing a new station for the Reno area on March 11, 1923.

^ The Nevada Business Registration and Supplemental Application for the Department of Taxation are located Online through NevadaTax @ https://www.nevadatax.nv.gov/web or from our Homepage http://tax.state.nv.us/ and select ing the NevadaTax icon .
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income tax. [3].
Incorporation laws
Nevada also provides friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many (especially California) businesspeople have incorporated their businesses in Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute. Nevada corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states. In addition, Nevada has no franchise tax.
Financial institutions
Similarly, many U.S. states have usury laws limiting the amount of interest a lender can charge, but Federal law allows corporations to 'import' these laws from their home state. Nevada (amongst others) has relatively lax interest laws, in effect allowing banks to charge as much as they want, hence the preponderance of credit card companies in the state.[citation needed]
Drug and alcohol laws
Non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles. It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for marijuana possession. However, it is now a misdemeanor for possession of less than one ounce but only for persons age 21 and older. In 2006, voters in Nevada defeated attempts to allow possession of 1 ounce of marijuana (for personal use) without being criminally prosecuted, (55% against legalization, 45% in favor of legalization). Also, Nevada is one of the states that allows for use of marijuana for medical reasons (though this remains illegal under federal law).
Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Bars are permitted to remain open 24 hours, with no "last call". Liquor stores, convenience stores and supermarkets may also sell alcohol 24 hours per day, and may sell beer, wine and spirits.
Smoking
Nevada voters enacted a smoking ban ("the Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act") in November 2006 that became effective on December 8, 2006. It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is inside a larger casino. Smoking is also permitted in casinos, hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels.[20] However, some businesses do not obey this law and the government tends not to enforce it.[21] Yet, in one case, they did prosecute an establishment called "Bilbo's." As of 2008, the trial was still pending.[22]

Crime

Nevada has been ranked as the most dangerous state in the U.S. for five years in a row, just ahead of Louisiana[23][24] In 2006, the crime rate in Nevada was approximately 24% higher than the national average rate. Property crimes accounted for approximately 84.6% of the crime rate in Nevada which was 21% higher than the national rate. The remaining 20.3% were violent crimes and were approximately 45% higher than other states.[25] In 2008, Nevada had the third highest murder rate, and the highest rate of robbery and motor vehicle theft.[23] It should be noted that many of these statistics may not totally be attributed to the citizens of Nevada themselves, but partially to the high rate of visitors entering and leaving the state as well. In addition, the state's most populous county, Clark (accounting for 75% of the states total population), skews the crime rate for the balance of the state.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2008 42.65% 412,827 55.15% 533,736
2004 50.47% 418,690 47.88% 397,190
2000 49.49% 301,575 45.94% 279,978
1996 44.55% 198,775 45.60% 203,388
1992 34.71% 175,828 37.41% 189,148
1988 58.90% 206,040 37.91% 132,738

State politics

Due to heavy growth in the southern portion of the state, there is a noticeable divide between politics of northern and southern Nevada. The north has long maintained control of key positions in state government, even while the population of Southern Nevada is larger than the rest of the state combined. The north sees the high population south becoming more influential and perhaps commanding majority rule. The south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy. This has fostered some resentment, however, due to a term limit amendment passed by Nevada voters in 1994, and again in 1996, some of the north's hold over key positions will soon be forfeited to the south, leaving Northern Nevada with less power. Most people outside the state are not familiar with this rivalry.
Clark and Washoe counties—home to Las Vegas and Reno, respectively—have long dominated the state's politics. Between them, they cast 87 percent of Nevada's vote, and elect a substantial majority of the state legislature. The great majority of the state's elected officials are either from Las Vegas or Reno.

National politics

Nevada has voted for the winner in every presidential election since 1912, except in 1976 when it voted for Gerald Ford over Jimmy Carter. This gives the state status as a political bellwether.
As of 2008, 43.8% of voters are registered Democrats, 36.1% are Republican and the remaining 20.1% are considered Independents.[26] Nevada supported Democrat Bill Clinton in the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections, Republican George W. Bush won in 2000 and 2004, and Democrat Barack Obama won the state in 2008.
The state's U. S. Senators are Democrat Harry Reid, the Senate Majority Leader, and Republican John Ensign, former chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee. The Governorship is held by Jim Gibbons, a Republican from Reno.

State government

State departments and agencies:

Local government

Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law. A recent movement has begun to permit home rule in incorporated Nevada cities to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the Legislature.
Unincorporated towns are settlements eminently governed by the county in which they are located, but who, by local referendum or by the act of the county commission, can form limited local governments in the form of a Town Advisory Board (TAB)/ Citizens Advisory Council (CAC), or a Town Board.
Town Advisory Boards and Citizens Advisory Councils are formed purely by act of the county commission. Consisting of three to five members, these elected boards form a purely advisory role, and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them. Members of advisory councils and boards are elected to two year terms, and serve without compensation. The councils and boards, themselves, are provided no revenue, and oversee no budget.
Town Boards are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum. The board consists of five members elected to four-year terms. Half the board is required to be up for election in each election. The board elects from within its ranks a town chairperson and town clerk. While more powerful than Town Advisory Boards and Citizens Advisory Councils, they also serve a largely advisory role, with their funding provided by their local county commission. The local county commission has the power to put before residents of the town a vote on whether to keep or dissolve a town board at any general election. Town boards have the ability to appoint a town manager if they choose to do so.

Important Cities and Towns

Rank City Population
within
city limits
Land Area
sq. miles
Population
Density
per sq mi
County
1 Las Vegas 591,536 131.3 4,217.8 Clark
2 Henderson 265,790 79.7 2,200.8 Clark
3 North Las Vegas 216,672 78.5 1,471.0 Clark
4 Reno 214,853 69.1 2,611.4 Washoe
5 Sunrise Manor 195,727 38.2 4,081.8 Clark
6 Paradise 189,958 47.1 3,947.3 Clark
7 Spring Valley 175,581 33.4 3,519.4 Clark
8 Sparks 88,518 23.9 2,773.6 Washoe
9 Carson City 58,350 143.4 366 Carson City
10 Pahrump 44,614 297.9 82.7 Nye
.Paradise, Sunrise Manor, and Spring Valley are unincorporated towns in the Las Vegas metropolitan area.^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas, NV, 89103 702-647-0615 ( http://www.act4u.com) Buyers agent offering homes in Las Vegas, Henderson, Green Valley, Summerlin and all areas of the Las Vegas Valley.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

Rank County Population
within
county limits
Land Area
sq. miles
Population
Density
per sq mi
Largest city
1 Clark 1,715,337 7,910 174 Las Vegas
2 Washoe 383,453 6,342 54 Reno
3 Carson City 56,146 155.7 366 Carson City
4 Douglas 47,803 710 58 Gardnerville Ranchos
5 Elko 46,499 17,179 3 Elko
6 Lyon 44,646 1,994 17 Fernley
7 Nye 38,181 18,147 2 Pahrump
8 Churchill 26,106 4,929 5 Fallon
9 Humboldt 17,129 9,648 2 Winnemucca
10 White Pine 8,966 8,876 1 Ely
Note: table was compiled using Nevada State estimates from 2004 for population and Census 2000 for area and density

New City

To accommodate Las Vegas Valley large growth a New City called *Coyote Springs is planned and would house up to 240,000 residents and bring in 500,000 more jobs to Las Vegas metropolitan area .

10 richest places in Nevada

  1. Incline Village-Crystal Bay $52,521 Washoe County, Nevada
  2. Kingsbury $41,421 Douglas County, Nevada
  3. Mount Charleston $38,821 Clark County, Nevada
  4. Verdi-Mogul $38,233 Washoe County, Nevada
  5. Zephyr Cove-Round Hill Village $37,218 Douglas County, Nevada
  6. Summerlin South $33,017 Clark County, Nevada
  7. Blue Diamond $30,479 Clark County, Nevada
  8. Minden $30,405 Douglas County, Nevada
  9. Boulder City $29,770 Clark County, Nevada
  10. Spanish Springs $26,908 Washoe County, Nevada

Education

Colleges and universities

Research institutes

Parks and recreation areas

Recreation areas maintained by the National Park Service

Northern Nevada

Southern Nevada

Wilderness

There are 68 designated wilderness areas in Nevada, protecting some 6,579,014 acres (26,624.33 km2) under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, and Bureau of Land Management.[28]

State parks

Sports

Although Nevada is not well-known for its professional sports, the state takes pride in college sports, most notably the University of Nevada, Reno Wolf Pack of the Western Athletic Conference and the UNLV Runnin' Rebels of the Mountain West Conference.
UNLV is most remembered for their basketball program, which experienced its height of supremacy in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Coached by Jerry Tarkanian, the Runnin' Rebels became one of the most elite programs in the country. In 1990, UNLV won the Men's Division I Championship by defeating Duke University 103–73, which set tournament records for most points scored by a team and largest margin of victory in the national title game. In 1991, UNLV finished the regular season undefeated. Forward Larry Johnson won several awards, including the Naismith Award. UNLV reached the Final Four yet again, but lost their national semifinal against Duke 79-77, and is referred to as one of the biggest upsets in the NCAA Tournament. The Runnin' Rebels were the Associated Press pre-season #1 back to back (1989–90, 1990–91). North Carolina is the only other team to accomplish that (2007-08, 2008-09).
Complete List of Nevada sports teams. Professional
College
The state is also home to the Las Vegas Motor Speedway.

Military

Several United States Navy ships have been named USS Nevada in honor of the state. They include:
Nevada is home to Nellis Air Force Base, a major testing and training base of the United States Air Force. Nellis is reputedly the home of Area 51, a top-secret installation of the Federal Government. Area 51 is located near Groom Lake a dry salt lake bed. Some time ago, the United States Air Force confirmed that there is an operating facility at Groom Lake, but the nature of the activities being conducted at Groom Lake are classified and cannot be disclosed. The much smaller Creech Air Force Base is located in Indian Springs, Nevada. Naval Air Station Fallon is located in Fallon. Hawthorne Army Depot is in Hawthorne. Tonopah Test Range near Tonopah.

Songs about Nevada

Future issues

Nevada enjoys many economic advantages as a whole, and the southern portion of the state enjoys mild winter weather, but rapid growth has led to issues of overcrowded roads and schools. Nevada is already home to the nation's 5th largest school district in the Clark County School District (projected fall 2007 enrollment is 314,000 students grades K-12), the state has seen rising crime levels annually , and problems with transportation (according to state figures, there is a 1 billion dollar shortfall in funds for road construction projects in Nevada). Most recently, there has been news of water shortfalls in southern Nevada in the years to come, due to the population increase, and the Southern Nevada Water Authority estimates that there will be water shortages by the year 2020. The authority is working on plans to import water from the low populated area of northern Nevada. The state remains one of the fastest growing in the country.
.The residents of the communities in the Las Vegas Valley pay some of the highest car insurance rates in the nation.^ There are some reports that KGIX never was an operational station, however it is listed in many contemporary radio magazine schedules over a period of several years and is remembered by several longtime Las Vegas residents.

Some residents of the town of Wendover, Utah have expressed interest in being annexed by the state of Nevada so the town may merge with West Wendover, Nevada. There has also been interest by Needles, California in being annexed. These deals will require permission of the Nevada and Utah/California legislatures, respectively, as well as the approval of the U.S. Congress.
In 2008, the "American State Litter Scorecard," presented at the American Society for Public Administration national conference, positioned Nevada next to Mississippi and Louisiana as one of the worst states for removing litter from public roadways and properties.[29]
Recently, an economic downturn due to the housing market collapse in Las Vegas (which has one of the highest home foreclosure rates in the nation), coupled with many months of declining gaming revenue and higher prices for gasoline and consumer goods, has caused a 1.2 billion dollar shortfall in the state budget (which is required by the constitution to be balanced). Thus, the state government of Nevada had to dip into its rainy day fund of $267 million. In August 2008, it was announced that Boyd Gaming would halt construction on a 4.2 billion dollar project called Echelon, which was to replace the old Stardust Hotel & Casino. The reason cited for this is lack of funding/credit from banks.

State symbols

Playa areas of Nevada

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2009-01.csv. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved November 6, 2006. 
  3. ^ "Federal Land Acres in Nevada". Nevada Bureau of Land Management. http://www.nv.blm.gov/landsales/LandFedAcresAgency.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-07. 
  4. ^ Popul of Nevada's Counties and Incorp cities 2006 Time Series EMAIL 012207.xls
  5. ^ "Nevada". Wordreference.com. http://www.wordreference.com/es/en/translation.asp?spen=nevada. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  6. ^ http://nevadaculture.org/nsla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=804&Itemid=95
  7. ^ a b National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, N.C., and Storm Phillips, Stormfax, Inc.
  8. ^ Rocha Guy, Historical Myth a Month: Why Did Nevada Become A State?
  9. ^ CNN
  10. ^ www.census.gov
  11. ^ http://employerblog.recruitingnevada.com/2008/08/08/people-keep-moving-to-nevada/
  12. ^ Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life
  13. ^ http://www.thearda.com/mapsReports/reports/state/32_2000.asp
  14. ^ http://www.bea.gov/regional/gsp/
  15. ^ Nevada Mining Association, Economic Overview of the Nevada Mining Industry 2004
  16. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Nevada State Agriculture Overview - 2005
  17. ^ http://tax.state.nv.us/pubs.htm#Sales
  18. ^ "State-by-State Fact Sheets on Lodging Industry". http://www.ahla.com/content.aspx?id=27642. 
  19. ^ Lawrence M. Friedman, American Law in the Twentieth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 596-597.
  20. ^ State smoking ban sparks zone-change request for Gardnerville parcel Nevada Appeal serving Carson City, Nevada
  21. ^ Have Nevada bars given up the smoking habit?
  22. ^ Las Vegas Now-Breaking News, Local News, Weather, Traffic, Streaming Video, Classifieds, Blogs - UPDATED: Bilbo's Smoking Lawsuit Case
  23. ^ a b "Nevada Ranked Most Dangerous State". KIROTV. 2008-03-17. http://www.kirotv.com/news/15618530/detail.html. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  24. ^ "The 15th Annual Most Dangerous State Award, Nevada Still Fighting the Problem". cqpress. 2009-01-04. http://os.cqpress.com/Crime%20State%202008_Most%20Dangerous.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  25. ^ "Overview of Nevada's CorrectionalSystem". NICIC. 2009-01-04. http://www.nicic.org/Features/StateStats/?State=NV. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  26. ^ http://sos.state.nv.us/elections/voter-reg/2009/0309nvtotage.asp
  27. ^ http://puc.state.nv.us
  28. ^ Wilderness.net
  29. ^ S. Spacek, The American State Litter Scorecard" March 2008

External links

Related information

Preceded by
West Virginia
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on October 31, 1864 (36th)
Succeeded by
Nebraska

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Nevada (disambiguation).
Nevada is an arid state of the USA, lying between California and Utah. Most of the state is within the Great Basin, but parts of the northeast drain into the Snake River and the the southern portion is within the Mohave desert and the Colorado river drainage. Please note that while many outsiders pronounce the state's name as "ne-VAH-duh", the correct local pronunciation is [nəˈvædə], with a short "a" as in apple,.
Nevada Valley of Fire
Nevada Valley of Fire
.Although the majority of tourists only visit Las Vegas, Reno and Tahoe to gamble, watch shows, and indulge themselves in food and drink, Nevada offers the more discerning traveler western frontier experiences verging on horse opera cliche, and landscapes utterly different from Europe, East Asia or more populated parts of North America.^ (NLV 26) 2 copies City of North Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (D15 #12) City of North Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NLV 17) City of North Las Vegas: Land Use Master Plan: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

In this more primitive environment, gambling seems not so much a high-tech means of fleecing the overly optimistic as the direct descendent of the itinerant cardsharp. Legal brothels are another holdover, from the "soiled doves" of frontier times. It isn't that Nevadans approve, so much as they haven't gotten around to outlawing all of their history yet.
State of Nevada Regions
Western Nevada (Carson City, Douglas County, Lyon County, Storey County, Washoe County)
Northern Nevada
Central Nevada
Southern Nevada (Clark County, Esmeralda County, Lincoln County, Mineral County, Nye County)

Understand

Nevada achieved statehood in 1864, becoming the 36th state, despite its tiny population. The primary purpose of this early grant of statehood was to pack congress with two more Senators and thus help preserve Northern/Republican dominance in the post-civil war era. At the time, Nevada's economy was dominated by the mining industry, thus tying the state to the industrialized North. Nevada was also seen as a counter-balance to the more agrarian and confederate-sympathizing California.
Over the years, Nevada's economy has diversified somewhat into agriculture, light industry, distribution, and gaming. However, over 87% of the land in Nevada is still owned by the Federal Government.
There are fairly large cultural differences between Urban and Rural areas, and therefore they are treated separately here.

Urban

.The urban areas, consisting of the Reno and Las Vegas areas, are heavily dependent on tourism and thus very welcoming to outsiders.^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ SW 6 (B) Urban Sprawl (Las Vegas area); by Yumiko Kuroiwa (UNLV AAE442x Spring 2002 Stissi); (4) 8.5x11 color pages.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ May, 2000 (30" x 36") (Color Bond) (D8 # 5) Las Vegas: Las Vegas Metro Area Map: City Boundaries.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

In addition, these areas have seen a huge influx of immigration in recent years from both inside and outside the USA and thus have a cosmopolitan feel. In a gambling town, everyone's your friend as long as you have money. Recent immigrants from California are widely complained about (especially by the less recent immigrants from California), but that's about the extent of it.
Wild Burros in Red Rock Canyon West of Las Vegas
Wild Burros in Red Rock Canyon West of Las Vegas
Some rural areas have significant populations of Native American peoples, mainly Paiute and Shoshone. Reservations are found at Fort McDermott on the Oregon border, in the Reese River Valley between the Toiyabe and Shoshone Ranges, around Pyramid Lake and at the northern end of Walker Lake. Local tribes were traditionally identified by their dietary mainstays, which were Cutthroat Trout at Walker Lake, Cui-Ui (a large type of sucker) at Pyramid Lake, and even a type of caterpillar in the mountains near Lake Tahoe. Pine nuts from Singleleaf Pinyons were a staple in most locations and can sometimes be found for sale in rural stores.

Talk

English is the official language of Nevada. Spanish is also widely spoken in Nevada, and like much of the southwest Nevada is heavily influenced by the language, Hispanic culture, and history under Spanish and Mexican rule. Tagalog is also spoken among Filipino populations.

Get in

.Check, if it is possible to take part at a guided tour through the NTS, the former test site of Nuclear bombs.^ Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada August 1996 Readers Guide (US 1) U.S. Dept.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Until 2001 it was possible to do such tours.

Get around

Desert travel

There's an awful lot of desert to explore in Nevada, and it's very easy to leave civilization behind. While that is a worthy goal, common sense is necessary to avoid life-threatening situations. Here's some tips for traveling to the more remote desert areas of Nevada:
  • What to Drive: Vehicle breakdown and getting stuck are the easiest ways to get into serious trouble in the desert. Don't travel far from the pavement in a low-clearance vehicle. Four wheel drive is strongly recommended for the winter months, and is advised for unpaved mountain roads anytime. It is best to travel in a convoy of multiple vehicles, so that one breakdown will not strand you. Gas stations are few, far between, and often not open around the clock, so it is a good idea to carry extra fuel. If you do break down or run out of fuel, your best bet is to stay with the vehicle unless you're within 10 miles or so of civilization - Odds are that someone will come by in a day or two.
    Nevada Desert Trees - Palm Trees
    Nevada Desert Trees - Palm Trees
  • Roads: Nevada is criss-crossed with unpaved roads, some of which are maintained, most of which are not. Due to the slow growth rate of vegetation, once a road is established it can remain passable for decades with no maintenance and little traffic. Few roads have culverts, so be on the look-out for washed out areas. These generally aren't a problem if traversed slowly, but can cause serious damage if you don't slow down in time.
  • Fences: The boundaries between grazing allotments are fenced as are the boundaries between public and private land. On higher volume roads there will be a "cattle-guard" on the road which is passable by vehicles but not by cattle. Lower volume roads will have a gate across the road. Always leave the gate in the same condition as you found it - if open leave it open, if closed make sure you close it behind you. .Gates leading into private land will sometimes be locked or marked with a "No Trespassing" sign, in which case you should respect the property owner's wishes and find another way to get where you want to go.
  • Livestock: In open rangeland (just about everywhere in Nevada), cattle have the right-of-way.^ (CC 236A-) "Visitor Experience at Red Rock Canyon: A Case Study in Public-Land Design" by Susan B. Jones and Mark Elison Hoversten.
    • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

    It is not uncommon for ranchers to leave hay and water for their stock close to a road, and thus it is not uncommon to encounter herds of cattle on or near the road. You should always slow way down for these herds, as the calves especially have a nasty habit of running out in front of cars. You break it, you buy it. Cattle are half-wild, often ornery. Don't approach them closely on foot.
  • Navigation: Navigation in Nevada is fairly easy if you keep your wits about you. The poverty of vegetation gives astonishingly long sight distance, and mountain ranges are ubiquitous for reference. Large-scale topographic maps of the entire state are available in bound form at most bookstores and many gas stations. These should be sufficient for most purposes. Smaller scale topographic maps are published by the US Geologic Survey (USGS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and can be purchased at outdoors-oriented stores (such as the REI in Reno) or photocopied at the University of Nevada-Reno (UNR) library. The BLM maps tend to be more up-to-date with regards to roads, but are more difficult to find. Due to the small scale of these maps, they are not practical for long-range vehicle travel, but can be very useful on hiking trips.
  • Weather: Most of Nevada is cold desert above 4,000'/1,300m elevation with summer daytime temperatures around 85F/30C and nights cooling sharply to 50F/10C. Winter temperatures are more variable and can drop far below zero (fahrenheit or celsius). .Lower elevations in the Las Vegas area create hot desert with summer daytime temperatures consistently above 100F/40C and little nighttime relief, but pleasant winters.^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
    • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ SW 6 (B) Urban Sprawl (Las Vegas area); by Yumiko Kuroiwa (UNLV AAE442x Spring 2002 Stissi); (4) 8.5x11 color pages.
    • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ May, 2000 (30" x 36") (Color Bond) (D8 # 5) Las Vegas: Las Vegas Metro Area Map: City Boundaries.
    • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

    Carry extra clothing, sleeping bags and tire chains between October and April and remember that occasional snowstorms are possible above 4,000'/1,300m as late as June. Summer thunderstorms can be locally intense, causing flash-floods where roads cross normally-dry washes. Wear a hat, long shirt, long pants, sunblock; and drink plenty of water to avoid heat stroke and sunburn in the summer.
  • Water: Away from municipal water districts, water supplies are few, far between, and usually contaminated by livestock except in the highest mountains. Bring enough in your vehicle for your entire trip, plus a few days reserve, with extra for your vehicle's radiator in case it starts leaking. When hiking, seek local knowledge about water supplies on multi-day trips. Don't rely solely on maps.
  • Great Basin National Park. [1]. One of the lesser known National Parks and one of the newest national parks in the system, and therefore not so crowded or over-developed. It also is somewhat small, but has some lovely campgrounds and some nice hiking trails. Beware the altitude as the upper campground is around ten thousand feet. The aspens in autumn make this park SPECTACULAR!! Truly breathtaking!
,.
Pueblo Grande, Nevada
Pueblo Grande, Nevada

Do

Gambling

Gambling is the major industry in Nevada, directly responsible for about 20% of total employment. Gambling establishments range from huge casinos boasting slot machines, table games and sports books to small bars and convenience stores with a few video poker games apiece.
Local towns depending on visitors from neighboring states have seen a significant decrease in traffic in recent years, much of which is blamed on the rise of Indian Casinos. .Las Vegas, despite a downturn following September 11 2001, continues to thrive due to its destination status.^ AIA. May 2001 (LV 62) Sustaining Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas CityLife June 11, 2004.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Construction Connection Article from May 2001 (LV 56J) "Molasky to build government office in downtown Las Vegas."
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Camping

.Most of Nevada is federal land managed by the BLM (U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management) or by the Forest Service (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service).^ Document (SN 15) top State of Nevada (STNV 1 - 38) : ( http://www.nv.gov/ ) Alternatives for Management of an Expanded State Land Base.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Agriculture Forest Service Analysis of Management Situation Spring Mountain National Recreation Area Jan.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 16) Research Support Service For The Nevada Department Of Transportation, Semiannual Report, January 1-June 30, 2008.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Self-sufficient campers can camp free of charge on land under the management of either agency as long as camping doesn't interfere with other legitimate uses. Both federal agencies also have developed campgrounds where fees are usually charged. Fees vary by location, averaging about $5 at BLM campgrounds and $10 at Forest Service campgrounds.
.There are two National Parks (U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service) in Nevada: Great Basin N.P. in east-central Nevada and Death Valley N.P. straddling the California-Nevada state line.^ (NDOT 15) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 16) Research Support Service For The Nevada Department Of Transportation, Semiannual Report, January 1-June 30, 2008.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 14) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The Park Service offers developed campgrounds where fees are charged and no-fee primitive campgrounds. [2]

Hiking

Most of Nevada lies within the Basin-and-Range geographic province, so there are literally hundreds of mountain ranges. Some ranges are short, ten miles (15 km) or so, but others are over a hundred miles (160 km) long. Several ranges have well developed trails, however others are just beginning to be discovered by enthusiastic hikers, who often make their own routes from backcountry jeep roads, cattle or game trails, desert washes, and crosscountry travel which the lack of dense forests makes fairly straightforward. Perhaps not the place for novices to venture alone, however intermediate hikers will find abundant opportunities.
.The highest peaks over 13,000' (4,000m) are right on the California border (Boundary Peak in the White Mountains and near the eastern border with Utah (Wheeler Peak in Great Basin National Park.^ Interior National Park Service Mojave National Preserve, California Revised Draft of the Environmental Impact Statement and General Management Plan (vol.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Other ranges scattered all over the state rise into the alpine zone which begins above 11,500' (3,500m) in the south to as little as 9,000' (2,700m) in the north. .Many peaks reaching into the alpine zone have evidence of past glaciation such as cirques, moraines and even glacial tarns (lakes), but Nevada has only one contemporary glacier on Wheeler Peak.^ (STNV 6) Summary of Nevada Zoning and Land Use Cases 1990 (STNV 5) Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, Regional Plan for the Lake Tahoe Basin Design Review Guidelines.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The driest ranges are those of moderate elevation in the rainshadow of California's Sierra Nevada Mountains which parallels Nevada's southwest border. Precipitation increases with elevation, to the north where the Sierra and Cascade ranges are lower, and to the east where the rainshadow effect lessens and moisture moving north from the Gulf of California comes into play. Hikers used to streams and mountain lakes will certainly find them in the Ruby and East Humboldt Ranges in the northeast, and in the Snake Range near Wheeler Peak, however drier ranges have unique landscapes not found in hiking venues elsewhere except perhaps in Central Asia, Africa and Australia. Dry ranges also have unique flora including open subalpine woodlands of Bristlecone and Limber Pine and lower down of Singleleaf Pinyon Pine which bear nuts that were a dietary mainstay of the Paiute and Shoshone tribes.
  • Burning Man Festival [3] The Burning Man festival, held in the tent city of Black Rock City in a parched desert in early September, is a festival of "radical self-expression".

Eat

.Restaurants in and around casinos in Reno, Las Vegas and Tahoe especially cater to the dietary whims of urban California.^ SW 6 (B) Urban Sprawl (Las Vegas area); by Yumiko Kuroiwa (UNLV AAE442x Spring 2002 Stissi); (4) 8.5x11 color pages.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas Review-Journal Article from Sunday April 29, 2001(LV 56I) "Casino closings a wake-up call for LV." By Jeff German.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (SST 14) Super-Speed Ground Transportation System [Las Vegas/Southern California Corridor]: Phase II – Final Report.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Notable chefs have opened restaurants worth a detour from the usual tourist activities. Buffets in casinos are often heavily subsidized in hopes that those who come to eat will stay to gamble. The more upscale examples offer surprisingly good food and plenty of it.
Outside of these tourist meccas, food takes on a western character. This is certainly the rule in small town cafes, but also in casinos along borders with Oregon, Idaho, Utah and Arizona drawing a western clientele with different dietary preferences than Californians.
Nevada and other parts of the larger intermountain region export beef and lamb, but are no cornucopia when it comes to fruit and vegetables. These are produced in very finite quantities because water is scarce and elevations usually high enough to induce late and early frosts. Accordingly cafes and restaurants with local clienteles serve 'meat and potatoes' fare. Coffee can be a weak disappointment. Nevertheless the food can be interesting in a regional way, often making inventive use of a limited range of ingredients.
Chinese immigration drawn by railroad-building and mining opportunities established chinese-american cuisine even in remote towns. Urban sophisticates may find it quaintly amusing -- chow mein, sweet-and-sour, egg drop soup, fortune cookies and all. Basque sheepherders went everywhere green grass could be found. Their cuisine may not actually be very distinctive, but it is served in multiple courses -- perhaps three different entrees -- at long communal tables.

Drink

Nevada may very well have the most relaxed liquor laws in the entire country. Although anti-drunk driving measures and the drinking age of 21 are as strongly enforced as anywhere else, that's pretty much where it ends. .Most bars are open 24-7. Privately-owned liquor stores tend to have an extremely comprehensive selection of liquor, beer and wine, especially in Las Vegas.^ November 2006, ( http://www.nlvplan.com/draftmaps.cfm ) Accessed on 1/24/2008 (CD-ROM)(NLV 36) City of North Las Vegas Comprehensive Master Plan 21 November 2006, (http://www.nlvplan.com/draftcomp.cfm )Accessed on 1/24/2008(CD-ROM)(NLV 36) City of North Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Fourth Quarter 1998 (SN 24) Southern Nevada Public Land Management Act of 1997 Summary (SN 11) Southern Nevada Public Land Management Act: Las Vegas Valley.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (CC 29) P (Clark County) Parks' articles (CC 249) "Las Vegas' Private Paradise: Wetlands project lets nature knock on city's doorstep."
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

While some bars may close they do so by choice, not by legal necessity. Indeed many Nevada bars have been continuously open every single second for well over 40 years, including holidays.
Most bars feature some sort of casino gaming. Video poker machines are often built right into the bar itself. Indeed it's unusual to not see something like that in a Nevada bar. Bartenders may even offer you free drinks if you're actively playing.
As with the casinos, Nevada bars tend to take a decidedly cavalier attitude towards smoking; ask first, but chances are it's perfectly OK to light up if you so choose. If that bothers you, well, California isn't too far away ...

Respect

Brothels

.Nevada is the only state in the US where prostitution is not outlawed at the state level, except in the counties around Las Vegas, Reno and Carson City.^ Media release from City of Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NLV 26) 2 copies City of North Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (D15 #12) City of North Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Other counties are free to allow or outlaw prostitution in licensed brothels. This is a controversial subject with some Nevadans, especially in mixed company. Tread lightly.

Mormons

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints avoided Nevada somewhat because in many ways it became the antithesis of Deseret (Utah). .Nevertheless Nevada has a significant Mormon population, particularly in Las Vegas, Reno and the lightly populated eastern part.^ (LV 111A) Census 2000 Redistricting Data Summary File; Race Populations for Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Fourth Quarter 1998 (SN 24) Southern Nevada Public Land Management Act of 1997 Summary (SN 11) Southern Nevada Public Land Management Act: Las Vegas Valley.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas Review-Journal Article from March 9, 2001 (LV 57E) 19th Century Map Plays part in Plan Derailment by Jan Moller.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Mormons, if they strictly follow church teachings, don't drink, are socially conservative and tend to have large families. They also can be well-travelled and fluent in foreign languages because many men are sent as missionaries to nations all around the world. The doctrine of polygamy is officially disowned.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

="">See Nevada (disambiguation) for articles sharing the title Nevada.

NEVADA (a Spanish word meaning " snow-clad " or " snowy land," originally applied to a snow-capped mountain range on the Pacific slope), one of the far western states of the American Union, lying between 35° and 42° N. and 114° I' 34" and I' 34" W. (37° and 43° W. of Washington). It is bounded N. by Oregon and Idaho, E. by Utah and Arizona, the Colorado River separating it in part from the latter state, and S. and W. by California. Nevada ranks sixth in size among the states of the Union. Of its total area of 110,690 sq. m., 869 sq. m. are water surface. Its extreme length, N. and S., is 484 m., and its extreme width, E. and W., is 321 m. (For map, see California.) Physiography. - With the exception of its N.E. and S.E. corners, the state lies wholly within the Great Basin, the floor of which is really a vast table-land between 4000 and 5000 ft. above the sea. This plateau, however, is not a plain, but contains many buttes and mesas and isolated mountain ranges rising from 1000 to 8000 ft. above its surface. In the N.E. an unnamed range of highlands, with an E. and W. trend, forms the water-parting between the streams tributary to the Humboldt river in Nevada and those that flow into the Snake river through Idaho and Oregon and thence to the Pacific Ocean. This range is very broken and ill-defined, with peaks often reaching altitudes of from goon to 12,000 ft., and with numerous spurs diverging N. and S. from the main divide. Between this ridge and the valley of the Colorado river lies all that portion of the Great Basin included within the state. The surface of this table-land is very rugged, and frequently broken by mountain ranges running N. and S. and from 5 to 20 m. wide at their bases. Intersecting the mountains are numerous ravines and passes. Between the ranges lie valleys of about the same width as the bases of the mountains. These valleys are generally levelfloored, but at their borders gradually slope upward, and are filled, often to a depth of several thousand feet, with the detritus of gravel, sand and silt from the neighbouring hills. This is a region of innumerable faulted crust blocks, the elevated ones creating the N. and S. mountain ranges, and the depressed ones the valleys that lie between. It is for this reason that the mountain slopes are generally more abrupt on one side than on the other. Several valleys often unite into a large elevated plain, broken only by scattered buttes and spurs. The combined areas of the valleys and the area occupied by the mountains are about equal.
The mean elevation of the state is 5500 ft. There are 5400 sq. m. between 2000 and 3000 ft. above the sea; 11,100 sq. m. between 3000 and 4000 ft.; 23,700 sq. m. between 4000 and 5000 ft.; 29,800 sq. m. between 5000 and 6000 ft.; 30,100 sq. m. between 6000 and 7000 ft.; 7800 sq. m. between 7000 and 8000 ft.; and 2800 sq. m. between 8000 and goon ft. The highest point within the state is Wheeler Peak, near the centre of the eastern boundary, with an elevation of 13,058 ft.; the lowest points are along the Colorado river, where the altitudes range from 700 to Boo ft. With the exception of this dip in the S.E. corner, the entire state lies above the 2000 ft. line.
The Sierra Nevada range, which forms the western rim of the Basin, sends into the state a single lofty spur, the Washoe Mountains. At the foot of this range there is, relatively speaking, a depression, with an altitude of about 3850 ft. above the sea, which receives the drainage of the eastern slopes of the Sierra and what little drainage there is in the northern half of Nevada. From this depression eastward the general level of the plateau gradually rises to an elevation of 6000 ft. near the eastern borders of the state. The mountains also increase in height and importance as far as the East Humboldt range, a lofty mass about 60 m. W. of the Utah boundary. This range is the water-parting for nearly all the westward-flowing streams of the state, and is by far the steepest and most rugged within Nevada, a number of its peaks attaining a height of 11,000 or 12,000 ft. On its eastern slope the waters soon disappear within the bed of narrow canyons, but break out again at the foot in icecold springs that form the source of the Ruby and Franklin lakes; on its western side the descent is more gentle, and the waters form the South Fork of the Humboldt river. Somewhat S. of the centre of the state lie the Toyabe Mountains, with several peaks from Io,000 to 12,000 ft. in height. The waters on the eastern slopes flow into the Smoky Valley; those on the other side assist the neighbouring Shoshone Mountains in feeding the Reese river, which flows N. toward the Humboldt, but seldom has sufficient volume to enable it to reach that stream. About loo m. E. of the California boundary lies a third important range, the Humboldt Mountains, whose highest point (Star Peak) is 9925 ft. above the sea. Owing to their great height these three ranges receive heavier rainfall than the surrounding country and are feeders to the northern valleys, which constitute the chief agricultural region of the state. Many of the block mountains of the Great Basin are of complicated internal structure, showing rocks of all ages - slate, limestone, quartzites, granite, multi-coloured volcanic rocks, and large areas of lava overflow.
From the valley of the Humboldt river southward the plateau gradually rises until the divide between this stream and the Colorado river, in the vicinity of the White Pine Mountains, is reached. From this point there is a fall, which is gradual as far S. as the 38th parallel, and then more abrupt. Thus at Pioche the altitude is 610o ft., at Hiko 3881 ft., at St Thomas 1600 ft., and at the Eldorado Canyon 828 ft. The region of the Colorado river is largely desert, with occasional buttes and spurs.
Rivers and Lakes. - There are three drainage systems within the state. North of the Humboldt Valley an area of about 5000 sq. m. is drained by the Owyhee, the Little Owyhee, the Salmon and Bruneau rivers, whose waters eventually reach the Pacific Ocean. Below this region flow the streams of the Great Basin, none of which reach the sea, but either terminate in lakes having no outlet or else vanish in sloughs or " sinks." Small streams often sink from sight in their beds of gravel, and after flowing some distance underground, reappear farther on. Of the basin streams the Humboldt is the most important. Rising in the N.E., it flows in a tortuous channel in a general S.W. direction for 300 m. and drains 7000 or 8000 sq. m. This stream empties into the Humboldt lake, the overflow from which goes into the so-called Carson Sink. At no part of its course is it a large river, and near its mouth its waters are sub-alkaline. .The Truckee river flows with more vigour, having its source in Lake Tahoe, in California, at an altitude of 6225 ft., and entering the Carson river through an irrigation canal :completed in 1905; before this date it flowed into Pyramid Lake and Lake Winnemucca in the depression at the foot of the Sierra Nevada.^ (STNV 6) Summary of Nevada Zoning and Land Use Cases 1990 (STNV 5) Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, Regional Plan for the Lake Tahoe Basin Design Review Guidelines.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

A short distance to the S. two other streams, the Carson and the Walker rivers, receive their waters from the eastern slope of this range and empty into lakes bearing their names. Of this group of lakes in the western depression, Pyramid Lake is the largest, being 33 m. long and 14 m. wide. Fed by the same stream is its western neighbour, Lake Winnemucca, a much smaller body. The waters of these two lakes are only moderately saline and may be used for live-stock but not for human beings. Next in importance is Walker lake, 33 m. long and 6 or 7 m. wide, whose waters are strongly saline. On the western boundary, and partly included within the limits of Nevada, is Lake Tahoe, 20 m. long and io m. wide, which is 1645 ft. deep at its centre and whose waters have never been known to freeze, notwithstanding the lake's elevation. The topography and the climate of Nevada have led to the formation of two kinds of lakes, the ephemeral and the perennial. The perennial lakes, such as those just described, hold their waters for years and perhaps centuries; but the ephemeral lakes usually evaporate in the course of the summer. The latter class is formed by waters that fall on the barren mountain-sides and rush down in torrents, forming in the valleys shallow bodies of water yellow with the mud held in suspension. The largest of these occurs in the Black Rock Desert, in the N.W., and at times is from 450 to 500 m. in length and only a few inches deep. Such bodies often become nothing but vast sheets of liquid mud, and are called " mud lakes," a term most frequently applied to the sloughs fed by Quinn's river. When the waters evaporate in the summer they leave a clay bed of remarkable hardness, which is sometimes encrusted with saline matter of a snowy whiteness and dazzles the eyes of the traveller. When such is the case the beds are called " alkali flats." During the glacial period many of the Nevada lakes attained a great size, several of them uniting to form the ancient " Lake Lahontan," in northwestern Nevada. As these lakes shrank after the return of an arid climate, they left elevated beaches and deposits of various minerals, which mark their former extent. Both hot and cold springs are numerous, with temperatures ranging from 50° to 204° F.
In the S.E. corner of the state is the third drainage system. .Here the Virgin river enters the state after crossing the N.W. corner of Arizona and flows S.W. for 60 m.^ Soil Survey of Virgin River Area: Nevada-Arizona.1979 (US 27) U.S. Dept.
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until it joins the Colorado river. The latter stream flows for 150 m. along the S.E. boundary towards the Gulf of California.
Table of contents

Fauna and Flora

Of native animals the varieties are few and the numbers of individuals small. In the arid valleys coyotes (prairie wolves), rabbits and badgers are found. Large animals, such as the black and the grizzly bear, and deer are found on the slopes of the Sierra Mountains, and antelope, deer and elk visit the northernmost valleys in the winter. At rare intervals antelope appear in the southern deserts. Here also are found the sage thrasher, Le Conte's thrasher, the Texas nighthawk, Baird's woodpecker, and the mourning dove. Certain species of grouse are common high in the timbered mountains. Several varieties of water-fowl, especially curlews, pelicans, gulls, ducks, terns, geese and snipe, are found in the vicinity of the lakes. The Truckee river and the western lakes abound in trout and black bass. Of the reptiles the leopard lizard and gridiron-tailed lizard, the " chuck-walla " (Sauromalus ater), the rattle-snake, and the horned toad are the most numerous. .The " black mouse " or Carson field mouse (Microtus montanus) is found throughout Nevada, as well as in Utah, north-eastern California, and eastern Oregon; it multiplies rapidly under favourable conditions, and at times causes serious injury to crops.^ (LVSP 27) North Well Field Management Program Manual, Internal Technical Team, LVVWD, September 17, 1998.
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^ (LVSP 65) Geophysical Surveys To Detect Voids In Shallow Subsurface At North Well Field.
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^ (LVSP 12) Las Vegas Springs Preserve, North Well Field Preliminary Schematic Site Plan, Schematic Design Team, February 1999.
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The flora of Nevada, although scanty, varies greatly according to its location. With the exception of the alkali flats, no portion of the desert is devoid of vegetation, even in the driest seasons. In the Washoe Mountains, as in the rest of the Sierra Nevada range, there is a heavy growth of conifers, extending down to the very valleys; but in many places these mountains have been almost deforested to provide timbers for the mines. In very limited spaces on other mountains there are scattered trees - the pinon (nut pine) and the juniper at an altitude between 5000 and 7000 ft. on all but the lowest ranges, the trees rarely reaching a height of over 15 ft.; and the stunted mountain mahogany on the principal ranges at an altitude of 6800 ft. Several varieties of poplar are found in the upper canyons, and trees of the willow-leaved species in the Humboldt Mountains often attain a height of 60 ft. But except for these infrequent wooded strips, the mountains are even more bare than the valleys, because their shrubs are dwarfed from exposure. The trees, except in the Washoe Mountains, are of very slow growth and therefore knotty and ill-adapted for timber. As a rule, the elevation of the timber line on the mountains increases as the latitude decreases. On the foothills are found phlox and lupine, and in the N. much bunch grass, which is valuable for grazing purposes. The valleys are covered with typical desert shrubs; greasewood (sarcobatus vermiculatus), creosote bushes (larrea tridentata), and sage-brush (artemisia tridentata); the first-named plant is abundant, chiefly in the N. This vegetation, covering plains, mesas, and even extending up the sides of the mountains, gives the entire landscape the greyish or dull olive colour characteristic of the Great Basin. To the southward, as the valleys become increasingly sandy and saline, even the sage-brush disappears, and little vegetation besides the cactus and the yucca is to be seen. The valleys are treeless, except in the vicinity of the Truckee river, where considerable quantities of the cotton wood and a small amount of willow, birch, and wild cherry are found. The mesquite grows some distance from water, and is especially common near the Colorado river. In January 1910 there were seven national forests in the state, created since July 1908 and chiefly in 1909, containing 7983.76 sq. M.

Climate

As the lofty range of mountains on the W. deprives the winds from the Pacific of nearly all their moisture before they reach the Great Basin, the climate of Nevada is characterized by an excessive dryness. The skies are clear nearly every day in the year. The mean annual precipitation varies from 3 in. in the S.W. (Esmeralda county) to 12 in. in the E. (White Pine county). In the central, north-eastern and north-western sections, embracing the counties of Nye, Elko and Humboldt, the average annual rainfall varies from 7 to 8 in.; in the west-central section, at the foot of the Sierra, the average is about 10 in. A so-called " rainy season " lasts from October to April, but the precipitation is chiefly in the form of snow on the mountains. Except at great altitudes snow lies on the ground only a few days each year. .The melting of the mountain snow-caps in the spring causes severe freshets, which in turn are followed by long seasons of drought at a time when water is most needed for agricultural purposes.^ Agriculture Forest Service Analysis of Management Situation Spring Mountain National Recreation Area Jan.
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Fogs and hail are rare, but, as in all treeless countries, the rain comes in unequal quantities, and cloudbursts are not unknown. The mean annual temperature for the state is 49° F., but varies from 54° in the S.V. to 46° in the N. The daily and annual variation is very great, and is intensified toward the E., where the altitudes are greater. .At Elko, Elko county, in the N.E., the mean temperature for the year is 46° F.; for the winter (December, January and February) it is 26°, with extremes reported of 73° and - 42°; the mean temperature for the summer (June, July and August) is 69°, with extremes of 108° and 20°.^ August 1, 2001 (24x36) (Bond) (D3 # 6) Clark County Comprehensive Planning: Land Uses and Construction Years for the Area Bounded By Sahara Ave.
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^ (LVSP 26) Quarterly Report April 1- June 30, 2001.
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^ Nov.; 1996: April, June, July/Aug., Oct.; 1997: July/August; 1998: June, Oct.
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At Hawthorne, Esmeralda county, in the S.W., the mean temperature for the year is 54 0; for the winter it is 36°, with extremes of 69° and - 6°; the mean temperature for the summer is 72°, with extremes of 102° and 32°. At the head of the Humboldt river frosts are of almost nightly occurrence, and in the Carson Valley damaging frosts often occur in June. In the extreme S. the isothermal lines run almost due E. and W.; but farther northward they take a N.W. and S.E. direction. The annual range of temperature is about 124°; the highest temperature ever recorded being 119°, and the lowest -42°. In spite of the high temperatures of summer, however, the low humidity prevents the heat from being oppressive, and cases of sunstroke are unknown. While the western mountains keep out the moisture, they do not ward off the winds which pour down the steep slopes in the winter and spring and raise clouds of dust. Early-sown grain is often injured by flying sand and gravel. In the summer and autumn the winds are light.

Agriculture

Because of this extreme aridity, agriculture in Nevada is dependent on irrigation. The three principal areas in which irrigation is practicable are along the Humboldt river, in the plains watered by the Carson, Truckee and Walker rivers, and at the foot of the mountains along the western edge of the state. There are various places also near the mouths of desert canyons, where small amounts of water are obtainable for irrigation purposes from intermittent streams. The total number of acres irrigated in 1899 was 504,168, an increase of 124.7% in the decade. In 1902 the total irrigated acreage was 570,001, an increase of 13.1% in three years. In 1902 Congress provided for the beginning of extensive irrigation works in the arid West, and Nevada (where preliminary reconnaissances had been made in 1889-1890) was the first state to profit from this undertaking. .The survey for the Truckee-Carson system was begun in 1902, with the object of utilizing the waters flowing to waste in western Nevada for the irrigation and reclamation of the adjacent arid regions in Churchill, Lyon and Storey counties.^ (LM 2) Soil Survey of Lyon County Area, Nevada.
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A canal 31 m. long, diverting the waters of the Truckee river into the Carson river, was completed in 2905 at a cost of $1,250,000. A system of reservoirs (the main reservoir is Lake Tahoe with an area of 193 sq. m.), distributing canals, and drain ditches was also projected, making it possible to reclaim 231,300 acres of the desert. It was estimated that the works would require nine years for their completion, at a total cost of $9,000,000, although the first 200,000 acres could be reclaimed at a cost of $2,700,000. The works were to be operated by the government foi ten years, and the cost assessed against the holders of the land.1 At the conclusion of this period the system was to pass into the control of the landholders, with no further charge by the government.
The soil when reclaimed is well adapted for forage crops, cereals, vegetables and deciduous fruits. Nevada is a great ranching state, and stock-raising has shown a rapid extension. In 1900, 88.9% of its farm acreage was devoted to hay and forage crops, being more than doubled in the decade. Fifty-one per cent. of the improved lands in 1899 were devoted to the cultivation of these crops. With the growing of grasses as the chief agricultural product, farming in Nevada is necessarily extensive rather than intensive. In 1899 the average size of the farms was 1174 acres. 2 The value of the different kinds of agricultural products for 1899 was as follows: live stock, $4,373,973; hay and grain, $1,535,914; dairy produce, $385,220; vegetables, $216,600; fruits, $20,900. It thus appears that the live stock industry is one of the most important in the state; the value of its product in 1899 exceeded its output of gold and silver, which had then reached its lowest point, by over one million dollars. 3 About 64% of the value of the live stock was represented by neat cattle; 19% by sheep; to % by horses, and the remainder by mules, swine, asses, burros and goats.
In spite of the predominating interest in stock-raising, intensive cultivation of the soil is practicable where the water supply is sufficient. .Nevada, for example, ranked third in 1909 in the amount of wheat produced to the acre (28.7 bushels), 4 but in the total amount produced (1,033,000 bushels) ranked only thirty-eighth, and furnished only 0.145% of the crop of the United States.^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
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.In 1909 in the amount of barley per acre (38 bushels) Nevada ranked third, and in the average farm price per bushel ($0.75) ranked first among the barley-producing states of the country, but in the total amount produced (304,000 bushels) held only the twenty-second place; and in the same year the average yield of potatoes per acre in Nevada was 180 bushels, exceeded in two states - the average for the entire country was 106.8 bushels per acre - but the total crop in Nevada (540,000 bushels) was smaller than in any state or Territory of the Union, except New Mexico.^ Document (SN 15) top State of Nevada (STNV 1 - 38) : ( http://www.nv.gov/ ) Alternatives for Management of an Expanded State Land Base.
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.The prevailing soils are sand and gravel loams, but other varieties are numerous, ranging from rich alluvial beds of extinct lakes, as in parts of Lyon and Esmeralda counties, to the strongly alkaline plains of the southern deserts.^ (LM 2) Soil Survey of Lyon County Area, Nevada.
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^ (LM 1) Soil Survey of Las Vegas Valley Area, Part of Clark County, Nevada.
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^ Soil Survey of Lincoln County, Nevada, South Part.
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.The most productive part of the state is the Humboldt Valley and the region near Pyramid Lake, including the counties of Humboldt, Elko and VVashoe.^ (LM 1) Soil Survey of Las Vegas Valley Area, Part of Clark County, Nevada.
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A singular menace to agriculture in Nevada was the plague in1907-1908of Carson field mice. These first appeared in large numbers in the lower part of the Humboldt Valley in the summer of 1906, and in October and November 1907 it was estimated that they numbered on certain ranches from 8000 to 12,000 on every acre. The alfalfa crop suffered particularly, the total loss being about $300,000. After unsuccessful attempts to rid themselves of the mice, the farmers appealed to the United States Biological Survey, and alfalfa hay poisoned with strychnia sulphate was used successfully in the Humboldt Valley in January 1908 and in the Carson Valley, where a similar plague threatened, in April 1908.5 Minerals. - To its mineral wealth Nevada owes its existence as a state; but for the richness of its veins of gold and silver ore it would be still little more than an arid waste. Extending from central California S.E. along the dividing line between that state and 1 The public lands are open to entry free of charge, but the government withholds the title until all the payments for water have been made. The yearly payments amount to $2.60 per acre under the present system; this amount covers the cost of maintenance and operation and also of a thorough drainage system, which is as important to the settler as irrigation. Lands already held in private ownership are supplied with water at the same price as public lands.
2 Compare this figure with that for the neighbouring state of California, where the average size of the farms was 397.4 acres.
.That conditions are favourable to the animal industry is shown by the fact that in 1897 the valleys of northern Nevada were so overrun with wild horses, to the detriment of the grazing grounds for cattle, that the legislature authorized the killing of such animals.^ (STNV 32) Lincoln County, Meadow Valley Industrial Park, Caliante, Nevada, (STNV 33) Lincoln County, Meadow Valley Industrial Park Design Report,.
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For a time this was a profitable pursuit, as the horse hides brought good prices.
4 This is the yield reported by the United States Department of Agriculture. Between its reports and those of the Census Bureau in census years there are sometimes great discrepancies. .According to the Year Book of the Department of Agriculture in 1909 a crop of 165,000 bushels of oats was grown in Nevada on 7000 acres; there was no crop reported of Indian corn or of rye.^ The Annual Traffic Report, No Date [assumed 2001] (STNV 21) Nevada Department of Transportation Annual Average Daily Traffic Report: Clark County Only, 2001 (STNV 22) Nevada Department of Transportation Annual Traffic Report, 1998 (STNV 14) Nevada Department of Transportation Annual Traffic Report: Clark County Only, 2000 (STNV 16) Nevada Rail Plan.
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See Stanley E. Piper, The Nevada Mouse Plague of1907-1908 (Washington, 2909), Farmers' Bulletin 352, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
.Nevada, and thence past the Colorado river into Arizona, is one of the richest mineral belts in the world.^ Soil Survey of Virgin River Area: Nevada-Arizona.1979 (US 27) U.S. Dept.
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.' Gold was found in Gold Canyon near Dayton, Nevada, as early as July 1849. In 1859 the discovery of the famous Comstock Lode in Western Nevada led to the building of Virginia City, a prosperous community on the side of a mountain where human beings under ordinary conditions would not have lived, and eventually brought a new state into existence.^ June 21, 2001 (H64A) Nevada State College: "New State College On Track to Open in September" by Sean Whaley.
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The mines of this one district had produced, up to 1902, $371,248,288, of which $148,145,385 was in gold, $204,653,040 in silver, and the remainder in unclassified tailings. For the years1862-1868inclusive, the average annual production was over $i i,000,000; in the second period of great productivity (1873-1878), after the opening (by John W. Mackay and his partners, Flood, Fair and O'Brien) in the Comstock Lode of the Great Bonanza mine, the average annual yield was over $26,000,000. In 1877 the maximum annual output for the mines was attained, being $3 6 ,3 01 ,537. For the three years1875-1877the production of gold and silver in Nevada was more than the combined product of all the other American states and Territories. After this last year the output of the Comstock mines declined on account of the exhaustion of the ore supply, the increased expense of mining at great depths, and the decrease in the price of silver. The yield reached its lowest point in 1899, but subsequently increased through the application of improved machinery, while the tailings of the old diggings were treated by the cyanide process with profitable results. In 1859 the mines were worked only for their gold; the ignorant miners threw away the " black stuff " which was really valuable silver ore with an assay value four times as great as that of their ores of gold; and when this was discovered there came a period of unprecedented silver production. But the fall in the price of silver led to a reaction, and from 1893 the gold output predominated. The gold production of 1907 was valued at $12,099,455; the silver production at $4,675,178.
In connexion with the operation of the Comstock mines was built (in 1869-1879) the Sutro Tunnel, named in honour of its engineer, Adolph Sutro (1830-1898), piercing the mountain horizontally far below the mouth of the mines, and at a distance of nearly 4 m. striking the shafts of the Comstock Lode, securing ventilation and cool air for the miners, draining the mines above its level, and obviating much pumping and hoisting.' Two lateral tunnels were also constructed, making the total length 63 m.
Another mining region that attained importance in the early period was the Eureka District, in Eureka county, about 90 m. S. of the Southern Pacific railway. Ore was first discovered here in 1864, but it was five years before the mines became productive. By 1882 they had produced $60,000,000 of precious metals.
With the working out of the deposits in the Comstock region, the mining industry declined, and between 1877 and 1900 there was a period of great depression, in which Nevada fell from first to sixth place among the silver-producing states and Territories. .In May 1900, however, very rich deposits of gold and silver were discovered in Nye county, near the summit of the San Antonio Mountains, and a new era began in Nevada's mining industry.^ (STNV 32) Lincoln County, Meadow Valley Industrial Park, Caliante, Nevada, (STNV 33) Lincoln County, Meadow Valley Industrial Park Design Report,.
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The village of Tonopah sprang into existence as soon as the rush of newcomers to this region began, and in 1903 it contained 4000 inhabitants. In two years $7,000,000 worth of gold and silver had been taken from the Tonopah mines and it was asserted that they would prove as rich as the mines of the Comstock Lode. The Tonopah ores were richer in silver than in gold, the respective values in 1904 and 1905 being approximately in the proportion of three to one. This discovery gave a new impetus to prospecting in south-western Nevada, and it was soon discovered that the district was not an isolated mining region but was in the heart of a great mineral belt. Tonopah is at the outcropping of a number of ledges which continue for several hundred feet below the surface for an unknown distance. In 1902, in Esmeralda county, 24 m. S. of Tonopah, rich ores were found in the Goldfield District, and within three years there were 8000 people in this region. During 1905 the town of Goldfield had a period of mushroom growth, then quieted, and finally revived to a healthy development. The value of the production of the Goldfield District in 1904 amounted to $2,341,979. This discovery was followed in 1904 by that of the Bullfrog District, in Nye county, 60 m. S.E. of Goldfield, and within ninety days after its birth the village of Bullfrog, although loo m. from a railway, had an electriclighting plant, an ice plant and a hotel. In 1905 gold was discovered in Nye county, 29 m. N.E. of Tonopah, in what became known as the Manhattan District, and by March 1906 the village of Manhattan was a mile in length and contained 3000 inhabitants.
After 1902 the production of gold and silver steadily increased, being $4,980,786 in that year, $9,184,996 in 1905, and $16,774,633 in 1907. By far the greater portion of these metals came from the southern part of the state. In production of gold in 1907 Esmeralda county ranked first with $8,533,617 (nearly 70% of the total); Nye county's output was $1,547,408, Lincoln county's $929,775, ' Apart from their commercial uses, the Sutro Tunnel and the shafts of the Comstock Lode have been employed for scientific investigations, with the object of classifying igneous rocks, determining the variations of temperature, and the character of electrical manifestations beneath the earth's surface, and the relation between the structure of rocks and their rate of cooling.
and Storey county's a little more than $250,000. In the production of silver Nye county ranked first in 1907 ($3,667,973, of which $3,544,7 88 was from Tonopah), Churchill county second ($432,617, from Fairview, Wonder and Stillwater), and Eureka county (with lead silver ores) and Storey county were third and fourth respectively. Copper, lead and zinc are produced in small quantities, being found in fissure veins with gold and silver. In 1907 the production of copper was 1,782,571 lb, valued at $356,514. The output of lead in 1907 was 6,271,341 lb (valued at $322,381). The output of zinc was 2,168,783 lb (valued at $127,958).
Other minerals exist in great variety. Salt deposits are extensive and commercially important in Washoe and Churchill counties. After 1900 the production of salt rapidly increased up to 1906, when it was 11,249 bbls.; in 1907 it was only 6457 bbls., all graded as " common coarse " and all obtained by solar evaporation from brine. Borax marshes are numerous in the west and south-west, but they are no longer commercially productive. Large beds of mica are found in the east. Gypsum occurs in a number of places, the best known being in the north-west. Veins of antimony are worked in the Battle Mountain District and in Bullion Canyon, 15 m. south of Mill City. There are veins of bismuth near Sodaville. A little graphite is produced in Humboldt county. A sub-bituminous lignite is mined in Esmeralda county (800 tons in 1906; 330 tons in 1907). Considerable quantities of the following minerals have been found: barytes (heavy spar), magnetite (magnetic iron ore), and pyrolusite (manganese dioxide) in Humboldt county; roofing slate in Esmeralda county; cinnabar (ore containing quicksilver) in Washoe county; haematite in Elko and Churchill counties; cerussite and galena (lead ores) in Eureka county; and wolframite (a source of tungsten) at Round Mountain, White Pine county. In 1903 and 1907 Nevada ranked second among the American states in the production of sulphur, but its output is very small in comparison with that of Louisiana.

Manufactures

The manufacturing interests of Nevada are unimportant. Of the manufacturing establishments in the state in 1900, 109, or 47.8%, were situated in Reno, Carson City and Virginia City, named in the order of their importance. These places employed 35.9% of the labour engaged in manufacturing, and the value of their products was 38.8% of the total for the state. Manufactures based on the products of mines and quarries (chemicals, glass, clay, stone and metal works) constituted about one-fifth of the whole product. Car construction and general shop work of steam railways was the leading manufacturing industry in 1905; next in importance were the flour and grist milling industry and the printing and publishing of newspapers and periodicals. Such statistics of the special census of manufactures (under the factory system) of 1905 as are comparable with those of 1900 show 99 factories in 1900 and 115 in 1905, an increase of 16.2%. Their capital in 1900 was $1,251,208 and in 1905 $2,891,997, an increase of 131.1%. The value of their products in 1900 was $1,261,005, and in 1905, $3,096,274, an increase of 1 45.5 .

Transportation

In its industrial development Nevada has always been hampered by lack of transportation facilities. There are no navigable waterways, and the railway mileage is small. Until the completion of the trans-continental railway in 1869, wagon trains were the only means of transporting the products of the mines across the desert. An unsuccessful attempt was made, beginning in 1861, to domesticate the camel for this purpose. 2 The railway mileage in 1880 was 739 m.; in 1890, 923 m.; in the following decade railway building was at a standstill. Since 1900, however, there has been considerable development, and the total mileage on the 1st of January 1909, was 1,866.92 m. .The state is crossed from east and west by three main lines of railway, parts of the great transcontinental systems, the Southern Pacific and the Western Pacific in the northern part of the state and the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake in the southern.^ West to State Hwy 604 & I-15 intersection East and from Owens Ave.
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^ (D15#18) City of North Las Vegas: Zoning: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
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^ (SST 20) Las Vegas to Los Angeles High Speed/Super Speed Ground Transportation System Feasibility Study: Executive Summary.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The oldest of these trunk lines, the Southern Pacific (formerly the Central Pacific), follows the course of the Humboldt and Truckee rivers. .It is met at several points by lines which serve the rich mining districts to the south; at Cobre by the Nevada Northern from Ely in White Pine county in the Robinson copper mining district; at Palisade by the Eureka & Palisade, a narrow-gauge railway, connecting with the lead and silver mines of the Eureka District; at Battle Mountain by the Nevada Central, also of narrow gauge, from Austin; at Hazen by the Nevada & California (controlled by the Southern Pacific) which runs to the California line, connecting in that state with other parts of the Southern Pacific system, and at Mina, Nevada, with the Tonopah & Goldfield, which runs to Tonopah and thence to Goldfield, thus giving these mining regions access to the Southern Pacific's transcontinental service; and at Reno, close to the western boundary, by the Virginia & Truckee, connecting with Carson City, Minden, in the Carson Valley, and Virginia City, in the Comstock District, and by the Nevada-California-Oregon, projected to run through north-eastern California into Oregon, in 1910, in operation to Alturas, California.^ (CD-ROM)(STNV 34) Vicinity Map (STNV 34H) Development Suitability (STNV 34I) Adopted North Valleys Land Use Plan (STNV 34J) Planned Land Use (STNV 34K) Reno Sphere Of Influence (STNV 34L) Special Planning Area 1 (STNV 34M) Water Service Area Boundaries Adopted Streets And Highways Plan (STNV 34N) South Virginia Corridor Specific Plan Maps, 24x36(jpeg), 23 March, 1998, ( http://www.co.washoe.nv.us/comdev/south_virginia_corridor_specific_plan_maps.htm )Accessed on 2/28/2008.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (SNRPC 3) Interlocal Agreement for the Formation of the Southern Nevada Regional Planning Coalition 10/98 (SNRPC 1) Web Site: http://www.snrpc.org What is the SNRPC? Meeting Dates Agendas and Meeting Minutes Membership Southern Nevada Homeless Census And Survey 2007, ( http://www.snrpc.org/Homeless_files/FinalSouthernNevadaHomelessCensusSurveyWinter2007.pdf )Accessed on 2/6/2008 (CD-ROM)(SNRPC 4) Southern Nevada Regional Planning Coalition [SNRPC]: Las Vegas Valley Primary Trail System: Las Vegas Valley.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (LVVWD 11) Turf Limitations for City of Las Vegas and Clark County, ( http://www.lvvwd.com/html/ws_turf_limits.html ) Accessed on 2/5/2008 (CD-ROM)(SNWA 15) Water Conservation Survey for the Las Vegas Valley Region.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The Western Pacific railway, completed in 1910, extending from Salt Lake City to San Francisco, and running entirely 2 It is interesting to note that in 1875 the Nevada legislature passed an act forbidding camels or dromedaries to run at large. This law remained on the statute books until 1898, when it was formally repealed.
across the state of Nevada, is parallel with the Southern Pacific for some distance in the eastern part of the state, and crosses the mountains at Beckwith Pass 20 m. north of Reno. .The San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake railway, also an important factor in east and west transcontinental traffic, opened in May 1905, has been of special value in the development of the southern part of the state.^ West to State Hwy 604 & I-15 intersection East and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (D15#18) City of North Las Vegas: Zoning: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.It crosses a section that is mostly desert, but is connected with the Bullfrog District by the Las Vegas & Tonopah, which runs from Goldfield through Beatty and Rhyolite, and meets the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt Lake at Las Vegas.^ North to San Francisco St. City of Las Vegas Planning and development Annual Report 2003-2004 (CD-ROM) (LV 135) City of Las Vegas Planning and development Annual Report 2005-2006 (CD-ROM) (LV 135) City of Las Vegas Planning and development Annual Report 2006-2007 (CD-ROM) (LV 135) City of Las Vegas Planning and Development Department: Summary of Zoning District Requirements.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Construction Connection Article from May 2001 (LV 56J) "Molasky to build government office in downtown Las Vegas."
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ March 1999 (LVVWD 1 a,b,c,d) Las Vegas Spring Preserve Site Plan - poster 3/2000 (LVVWD 2) LVSP-Mojave Desert Preserve, Vision Continuum.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The Goldfield and Bullfrog districts have a further outlet to the south through a second railway, the Nevada Short Line (Bullfrog-Goldfield and Tonopah & Tidewater railways) which connects with the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe at Ludlow in California.

Population

Nevada is the most sparsely settled state of the Union. Its population in 1860 was 6857; in 1870, 42,491; in 1880, 62,266; in 1890, 45,761; in 1900, 42,335; and in 1910, 81,875 (0.7 per sq. m.). In 1900 10,093 were foreign-born (mostly English, Irish, Germans, Italians and Chinese in almost equal proportions); and there were 35,405 white persons, 5216 Indians, 1352 Chinese, 228 Japanese and 134 negroes. There were then only three towns of importance: Reno, Virginia City and Carson City, the capital.
The Indian population consists of Paiute, Shoshoni and the remnants of a few other tribes of Shoshonean stock. On the Duck Valley reservation (488 sq. m.), established in 1877, in Elko county, between the forks of the Owyhee river and lying partly in Nevada and partly in Idaho, and under the western Shoshoni (boarding) school (55 pupils in 1908), there were 252 Paiute, 238 Shoshoni and i Hopi in 1908; on the Pyramid Lake reservation (503 sq. m.), established in 1874, in Washoe county, on the borders of the lake from which it is named, 486 Paiute; on the Walker river reservation (79.37 sq. m.), established in 1874 (partly opened to settlement in 1906) along Walker river and Walker Lake, 466 Paiute; on the Moapa river reserve (15.6 sq. m.), in the south-eastern part of the state, 117 Paiute.
In 1906, of the 14,944 members of religious denominations 9,97 0 were Roman Catholics, 1,210 Protestant Episcopalians, 1,105 Latter-Day Saints (Mormons), 618 Methodists and 520 Presbyterians.

Administration

Nevada is governed under the original constitution of 1864, with the amendments adopted in 1880, 1889, 1904 and 1906. The constitution as adopted limited the suffrage to adult white males, but this provision was annulled by the fifteenth amendment to the Federal constitution; and in 1880 amendments to the state constitution were adopted striking out the word " white " from the suffrage clause and adding a new article granting rights of suffrage and office holding without regard to race, colour or previous condition of servitude. A residence in the state of six months and in the district or county of thirty days preceding the election is required of all voters. Persons guilty of treason or felony in any state or Territory and not restored to civil rights, idiots and insane persons, are excluded from the suffrage. .An unusual: provision in the constitution, a result of its adoption in the midst of the Civil War, gives soldiers and sailors in the service of the United States the right to vote; their votes to be applied to the township and county in which they were bona fide residents at the time of enlistment.'^ United States Department of Agriculture- Soil Conservation Service.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The legislature has the right to make the payment of the poll tax a requirement for voting, but no such provision is in force. 2 A law passed in 1887, requiring all voters to take an oath against polygamy, with the object of disfranchising Mormons, was declared unconstitutional by the State Supreme Court.
.A governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, attorneygeneral, controller, treasurer, superintendent of public instruc 1 An interesting application of this provision was made in 1898, when Nevada soldiers on their way to Manila were allowed to vote at sea.^ (RTC-M 16) Testimony Before the Public Service Commission of Nevada: In the Matter of the Application of HSST-Nevada Corporation.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (RTC-M 7) Hearing Before the Public Service Commission of Nevada: In the Matter of the Application of HSST-Nevada Corporation for a Certificate of Public Convenience Sept.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

It was discovered, however, that no statute had ever been passed to carry this provision into effect, and the votes were rejected.
In 1897 a law was passed making the right of suffrage dependent on the payment of poll taxes for the preceding two years; but in the following year the State Supreme Court declared this act unconstitutional because the title was not descriptive of the matter.
tion and surveyor-general are chosen by popular vote every four years. Their functions are similar to those of the administrative officials in other states, with the exception that the governor does not possess the usual pardoning power but is ex officio a member of the pardoning board. The governor and lieutenantgovernor must each be at least twenty-five years old at the time of election to office. The legislative department consists of a Senate, with members chosen every four years, about half of whom retire every two years; and an Assembly, whose members are chosen biennially. The constitution requires that the number of senators shall be not less than one-third nor more than onehalf the number of members of the Assembly, and that the total membership of both houses shall not exceed seventy-five. Bills of any character may originate in either house. The legislative sessions are biennial and are limited to fifty days; special sessions are limited to twenty days. The judicial department consists of a supreme court with a chief justice and two associate justices, chosen for six years, and district courts, with judges chosen for four years.
.The state is divided into fifteen counties, each of which is governed in local matters by a board of county commissioners, and is divided for administrative purposes into townships.^ (RTC-M 8) Hearing Before the Board of County Commissioners of Clark County, Nevada: Presentation in Support of HSST Application and in Opposition to the Las Vegas People Movers Application.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The constitution requires that township and county governments shall be uniform throughout the state.^ TITLE 20—COUNTIES AND TOWNSHIPS: FORMATION, GOVERNMENT AND OFFICERS .

For each township there is a justice of the peace, chosen biennially by its voters. The homestead exemption extends to a dwelling-house, with its land and appurtenances, with a value not exceeding $5000; but no exemption is granted against a process to enforce the payment of purchase-money, or for improvements, or for legal taxes, or of a mortgage to which both the husband and wife have consented. The exemption can be claimed by the husband, wife, or other head of the family, by a written declaration duly acknowledged and recorded in the manner prescribed for conveyances; and the homestead can then be mortgaged or alienated by a husband only with the wife's consent, if the wife is at the time a resident of the state. The exemption is not affected by the death of the husband or wife, but inures to the benefit of the surviving members of the family. For divorce a residence in the state of six months is necessary; the grounds for divorce are desertion or neglect to provide for one year, conviction of felony, habitual drunkenness, cruelty or physical incapacity.
There are a number of unusual provisions in the constitution of Nevada. The assertion in the " Declaration of Rights " that " no power exists in the people of this or any other state of the Federal Union to dissolve their connexion therewith or perform any act tending to impair, subvert, or resist the supreme authority of the government of the United States," is a result of the drafting of the instrument during the Civil War. There is also a provision that only three-fourths of the jurors may be required to agree to a verdict in civil cases, although the legislature has the power to require by statute a unanimous agreement. Amendments to the constitution must be passed by a majority of each house of the legislature at two consecutive sessions and submitted to a vote of the people at the next regular election. Under this provision an amendment cannot be adopted until nearly four years after it is first proposed. .At the election of 1904 an amendment was adopted which provides that whenever 10 % of the voters of the state, as shown by the votes of the last preceding election, express a wish that any law or resolution of the legislature shall be submitted to the people, the Act or Resolve shall be voted on at the next election of the state or county officers, and if a majority of the voters approve the measure it shall stand; otherwise, it shall become void.^ (CC 246) South County, I-15 Corridor Amendment, Adopted December 21, 2005.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Nevada thus became the fourth American state to adopt the referendum.

Institutions

The state maintains a penitentiary at Carson City and an insane asylum at Reno. The deaf, dumb and blind are cared for at its expense in the California institution for these defectives. The State University, established at Elko in 1874 and removed to Reno in 1887, is supported by the income from a Federal grant of two townships (72 sq. m.) of public land and an additional grant, under the Morrill Act of 1862, of 90,000 acres for the support of a college for agriculture and mechanic arts. An agricultural experiment station and a normal school are conducted in connexion with the university. The control of this institution is vested in a board of regents, chosen by popular vote. At Virginia City is a school of mines, established by the state in 1903. The Federal government maintains three boarding schools for Indians in the state.
The public schools are supported by the income from a Federal grant of 2,000,000 acres of public land (given in lieu of the usual sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections) supplemented by state and local taxation. The constitution provides that a special state tax, at a rate of not over two mills on the dollar, may be levied for school purposes. All fines collected under the penal laws, all escheats and 2% of the receipts of toll roads and bridges go into the school fund, which is invested in state and Federal securities and the interest apportioned among the counties according to their school population. The administration of the school system is in the hands of a superintendent of public instruction.

Finance

The bonded debt of the state on the 31st of December 1908 amounted to $550,000, of which the state held an irredeemable bond for $380,000; the actual redeemable bonded debt of $170,000 was due to the investment of the school and university funds in the bonds of the state. The actual borrowing capacity of the state is limited by its constitution to $300,000, except for the extraordinary purpose of repelling invasion or suppressing insurrection. Practically all the revenue is derived from the taxation of real and personal property. Mines and mining claims are exempt from taxation, but a quarterly tax is levied on the net proceeds of mines, and is not to be paid a second time so long as the products remain in the hands of the original producer. .The rate of taxation for state purposes is fixed by the legislature, and for county purposes by the board of county commissioners.^ (RTC-M 8) Hearing Before the Board of County Commissioners of Clark County, Nevada: Presentation in Support of HSST Application and in Opposition to the Las Vegas People Movers Application.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

A poll tax is required of all males between the ages of 21 and 60 years, one half of which goes to the county in which it is collected and the rest to the state. At the close of 1908 the state receipts for the year amounted to $1,004,041, and expenditures to $875,941.

History

The first recorded person of European descent to enter the limits of Nevada was Francisco Garces (1738-1781), of the Order of St Francis, who set out from Sonora in 1775 and passed through what is now the extreme southern corner of the state on his way to California. Half a century later a party of trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company entered Nevada and plied their trade along the Humboldt river. American trappers came about the same time. Emigrants to California followed the trappers, and many crossed Nevada in the early 'forties of the 19th century. During1843-1845John C. Fremont made a series of explorations in this region. .By the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, negotiated in 1848, at the close of the war with Mexico, Nevada became United States territory.^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

It was then a part of California known as the Washoe Country, and remained so until the 9th of September 1850, when most of the present state was included in the newly organized Territory of Utah. In the meantime the discovery of gold in California had swelled the stream of westward migration across the Washoe Country, and had resulted in the settlement of traders, mostly Mormons, along the routes to the gold fields. The first settlement in what is now the state of Nevada was planted in the valley of the Carson river in 1849. The earliest recorded public meeting was held at Mormon Station (now Genoa) on the 12th of November 1851. The object of this gathering was to frame a government for the settlers, as the seat of the Territorial government of Utah was too remote to afford protection for life and property. Congress was petitioned to organize a separate Territory. An independent local government was formed a week later, and this lasted for several months, until the Utah authorities intervened. In 1854 the Utah legislature created the county of Carson, which included all the settlements in western Utah; but the inhabitants sought to rid themselves of all connexion with the people of the Salt Lake region, and petitioned Congress to annex them to California. In 1858 Carson City was laid out, and in the following year the people of Carson county held a mass meeting and chose delegates to a constitutional convention, which met at Genoa on the 18th of July 1859, and in ten days drafted a constitution. The instrument was submitted to a vote of the people and was adopted, and a full set of state officers was chosen. This attempt to create a new state proved abortive, however, and it was not till the mineral wealth of the Washoe Country became generally known that Congress took any action. On the 2nd of March 1861 the Territory of Utah was divided at 39° W. (of Washington) and the western portion was called Nevada. As then constituted, the northern boundary of Nevada was the 42nd parallel, its southern the 37th, and its western boundary was made to conform to the eastern limits of the state of California. James W. Nye (1814-1876) of New York was appointed Territorial governor. In December 1862 the Territorial legislature passed an act " to frame a constitution and state government for the state of Washoe." This was submitted to the people and adopted at the polls. Delegates to a constitutional convention accordingly drafted a frame of government, which on the lath of January 1864 was submitted to a popular vote and overwhelmingly defeated. The instrument contained a very unpopular clause taxing all mining property, unproductive as well as productive. Moreover, as state officers were to be chosen at the same time that the constitution was voted on, disappointed candidates for party nominations fought against ratification. As a result, the constitution was rejected while officers to act under it were at the same time duly elected.
.Early in 1864, when it became evident that two more Republican votes might be needed in the United States Senate for reconstruction purposes, party leaders at Washington urged the people of Nevada to adopt a constitution and enter the Union as a patriotic duty, and on the 21st of March 1864 Congress passed an act to enable the people of the Territory to form a state government.^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Election of United States Senators and Representatives .

The third constitutional convention in its history now met at Carson City and drew up a constitution which was duly ratified. On the 31st of October President Lincoln issued a proclamation declaring Nevada a state. By the Enabling Act Congress had extended the eastern boundary to the 38th meridian (W. of Washington), and in 1866 still farther extended it to the 37th and fixed the southern boundary as it exists at present. The additions eastward were made from Utah and those to the south from Arizona.
Being " battle-born," Nevada was loyal to the Union throughout the Civil War, and in spite of its scanty population furnished a company of troops in 1861, which were joined to a California regiment. In 1863 the Territory raised six companies of infantry and six of cavalry (about 1000 men), which saw no actual service against the Confederates but were useful in subduing hostile Indians.
The history of the state since its organization has been largely a history of its mines. The period from 1860 to 1864 was one of rapid development accompanied by the wildest speculation. This was followed by a reaction and a general collapse of inflated values until 1873, when the discovery of the Great Bonanza mine brought about a revival of industry and of speculation. .A second period of decline followed the working out of this mine and lasted until 1900, when the discovery of a new mineral belt in southern Nevada brought renewed prosperity.^ (SN 27) Southern Nevada New Home Buyers Survey.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Until 1870 the state was regularly Republican, but in this year the Democrats gained most of the offices, including the seat in the national House of Representatives.^ May 1987 (US 21) U.S. Department of the Interior, The National Park Service, and the State Historic Preservation Office.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (US 24) U.S. Department of the Interior, The National Park Service, and the State Historic Preservation Office.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The Republicans, however, secured the electoral votes of Nevada in 1872 and in 1876, and in 1878 were again in full control, only to suffer defeat in 1880. Not until the silver currency question became a political issue did Nevada take a prominent part in national politics. In 1885 the Nevada Silver Association was formed for the purpose of advocating the free and unlimited coinage of silver. Both parties in the state in 1888 declared in favour of free coinage, and in 1892 instructed their delegates to the national conventions to oppose any candidate who did not favour this policy. As a means of asserting their views effectively, the citizens, irrespective of party, organized local silver clubs, and these eventually led to the formation of the Silver party of Nevada, which drafted a " platform " and nominated a state ticket and presidential electors who were instructed to support the Populist national ticket. The Republicans in the state divided, and the majority of them went over to the Silver party. At the national election in this year the Silver ticket received in Nevada 7264 votes; the Republican 2811; the Democrat 714; and the Prohibitionist 86. In the state election of 1894 the Silver party was again victorious, and not a Democrat was returned to the legislature. .In the election of 1896 all the parties in the state declared in favour of the free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1. The Democratic and Silver parties united, with the result that the state's electoral vote went to Bryan and Sewall, the Democratic nominees, while the Silver party retained most of the state offices.^ Election of United States Senators and Representatives .

In the presidential election of 1900 the Nevada Republicans pursued a non-committal policy with regard to the silver question, declaring in favour of " the largest use of silver as a money metal in all matters compatible with the best interests of our government." The Democratic and the Silver parties again united, and subsequently dominated the politics of the state.

Territorial Governor

James W. Nye, 1861-1864. State Governors. H. G. Blasdel, Rep., 1865-1870.
L. R. Bradley, Dem., 1871-1878.
J. H. Kinkhead, Rep., 1879-1882.
Jewett W. Adams, Dem., 1883-1886.
Christopher C. Stephenson, Rep., 1887-1889.1 Frank Bell, Rep., 1890.
R. K. Colcord, Rep., 1891-1894.
John E. Jones, Silver, 1895.2 Reinhold Sadler, Silver, 1895-1902.
John Sparks, Dem. (Silver), 1903-1906.
D. S. Dickerson, Dem., 1907-1910.
T. L. Oddie, Rep., 191 1 Bibliography. - .Clarence King, Report of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel (Professional Papers of the Engineer Department, U.S. Army); George M. Wheeler, Report upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian (Engineer Department, U.S. Army); Israel C. Russell, Present and Extinct Lakes of Nevada, in National Geographic Monographs, vol.^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ United States Department of Agriculture- Soil Conservation Service.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT 1-53): ( http://www.nevadadot.com/ ) Technical Report In Support Of The Landscape And Aesthetics Program For The Nevada State Highway System.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

i. No. 4 (June 1895); idem., The Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of North-western Nevada (Washington, 1885), U.S. Geological Survey Monograph, No. .11; Idah M. Strobridge, In Miners' Mirage Land (Los Angeles, 1904); H. Hoffman, Californien, Nevada and Mexico (Basel, 1879); Nevada and her Resources, compiled under the direction of the State Bureau of Immigration (Carson City, 1894); U.S. Department of Agriculture, North America Fauna, No.^ United States Department of Agriculture- Soil Conservation Service.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (CC 221) U.S. Bureau of Land Management, Nevada State Park System.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (LVSP 32) Proposal For Las Vegas Valley Water District North Well Field Master Plan, By SNWA Resource Department, April 1996.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

7, pt. 2 (1893); William Wright, History of the Big Bonanza (Hartford, Conn., 1876); C. H. Shinn, The Story of the Mine as Illustrated by the Great Comstock Lode of Nevada, in The Story of the West " series (New York, 1896) The Silver Mines of Nevada (New York, 1864); M. Angel (ed.), History of Nevada (Oakland, Cal., 1881); H. H. Bancroft, History of Nevada, Colorado and Wyoming, in vol. xxv. of his Works (San Francisco, 1890); Elliot Coues, On the Trail of a Spanish Cavalier, Francisco Garces (New York, 1900).

<< Neva

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also nevada

Contents

English

Map of US highlighting Nevada

Etymology

Pronunciation

Typically pronounced /nɨˈvæːdə/ by residents, non-residents might use either /nɨˈvæːdə/ (common in the western US) or /nəˈvɑ.də/ (common in the eastern US). Residents may regard outsiders using the latter pronunciation as uninformed about the state.

Proper noun

Singular
Nevada
Plural
-
Nevada
  1. A state of the United States of America. Capital: Carson City.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

External links


German

Etymology

Proper noun

Nevada n. (genitive Nevadas, no plural)
  1. Nevada

Spanish

Etymology

  • From nevada, "snow-covered."

Proper noun

Nevada f.
  1. Nevada

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

State of Nevada
Flag of Nevada State seal of Nevada
Flag of Nevada SealImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Nickname(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: Silver State (official), Sagebrush
State,
Battle Born State
Motto(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: All For Our Country
Map of the United States with Nevada highlighted
Official language(s)Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif English
CapitalImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Carson City
Largest cityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Las Vegas
Largest metro areaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Las Vegas Valley
AreaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked 7thImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total 110,567 sq miImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
(286,367 km²Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Width 322 miles (519 kmImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif)
 - Length 490 miles (788 km)
 - % water PopRank = 35th
 - Latitude 35° N to 42° N
 - Longitude 114° 2′ W to 120° W
PopulationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  Ranked {{{PopRank}}}Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
 - Total (2000Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif) 1,988,258
 - DensityImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif 18.21/sq mi 
7.03/km² (43rd)
 - Median incomeImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  $46,984 (16th)
ElevationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - Highest point Boundary Peak[1]
13,140 ft  (4,005 m)
 - Mean 5,499 ft  (1,676 m)
 - Lowest point Colorado River[1]
479 ft  (146 m)
Admission to UnionImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  October 31, 1864 (36th)
GovernorImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Jim Gibbons (R)
U.S. SenatorsImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Harry Reid (D)
John Ensign (R)
Congressional DelegationImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif ListImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Time zonesImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif  
 - most of state Pacific: UTC-8/-7 (DST)
 - West Wendover Mountain: UTC-7/-6 (DST)
Abbreviations NVImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif Image:Wp_globe_tiny.gif US-NVImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
Web site www.nv.gov
.Nevada (IPA: /nɨˈvæːdə/) is a state located in the western region of the United States of America.^ Looking for something to do in Nevada , United States ?
  • Nevada Tourism, Travel Information: WorldWeb.com 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.nevada.worldweb.com [Source type: General]

^ Carson City, the capital, is located in the western region of the state.
  • Rural health and rural human services resources for Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.raconline.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada is among the best known and most visited states in America.
  • Nevada Tourism, Travel Information: WorldWeb.com 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.nevada.worldweb.com [Source type: General]

.The capital is Carson City and the largest city is Las Vegas.^ Media release from City of Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The state’s largest cities are Las Vegas, Reno, Henderson, and North Las Vegas.
  • Rural health and rural human services resources for Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.raconline.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Take your pick of any number of fun, beautiful courses like Rosewood Lakes in Reno, Empire Ranch in Carson City or Painted Desert Golf Club in Las Vegas.

The state's official nickname is "The Silver State", due to the large number of silver deposits that were discovered and mined there. .In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state to enter the union, and the phrase "Battle Born" on the state flag reflects the state's entry on the Union side during the American Civil War.^ It became the Territory of Nevada in 1861 and the 36th U.S. state in 1864.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The small, friendly communities of Nevada’s Big Smoky Valley, which is centered right in the heart of the Silver State, are the embodiment of the American West.

^ Read More About Golf Nevada's parks range from the magnificent Great Basin National Park on the eastern side of the state to the beautiful...

.Much of Nevada is desolate wilderness, from the Mojave Desert in the south to the Great Basin in the north, and about 86% of the state's land is actually controlled by the US federal government under various jurisdictions including military.^ Most of Nevada lies within the Great Basin section of the Basin and Range Province , where the topography is characterized by rugged mountains, flat valleys with occasional buttes and mesas, and sandy desert regions.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Read More About Parks Nevada is a state rich in history and culture, but richer still in its collection of museums.

^ Equally, a Verdin in Winnemucca would be a significant record, even though the species breeds commonly in the Mojave Desert to the south.
  • Great Basin Bird Observatory 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.gbbo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .As of 2006, the population of the state was about 2.6 million, with over 85% residing in the metropolitan areas around Las Vegas and Reno.^ Las Vegas Sun January 1, 2006.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The state’s largest cities are Las Vegas, Reno, Henderson, and North Las Vegas.
  • Rural health and rural human services resources for Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.raconline.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas is not the only thing to see and do in Nevada, and visitors to Death Valley will indeed live to tell about their adventure.

[3] .The state is well known for its easy marriage and divorce proceedings, legalization of gambling and, in some counties, prostitution.^ Yes, brothel prostitution is legal in some areas of the state.
  • State of Nevada Official web site 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nv.gov [Source type: News]

It also has some of the country's strictest drug laws.
.Although the name is derived from the Spanish word Nevada, which is the feminine form of "covered in snow", the local pronunciation of the state's name is not IPA: [nəˈvɑ.də], but IPA: [nəˈvæ.də].^ See Nevada Travel Deals Nevada means “snow-covered” in Spanish, and with more than 33 feet of snow annually at some ski resorts, it delivers...

^ The Nevada Sales and Use tax is actually several separate taxes which fund state and local government, schools and special purposes.
  • Nevada DMV Frequently Asked Questions 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nevadadmv.state.nv.us [Source type: General]

^ Tuesday 12 August 2008 State/Local PRIMARIES NEVADA PRIMARY Returns from an official source.

.In 2005, the state issued a specialty license plate via the Nevada Commission on Tourism that lists the name of the state as Nevăda to help with the pronunciation problem.^ Nevada now issues Gold Star license plates to families who have lost a loved one in combat.
  • Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles Official Site - www.dmvnv.com 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC dmvnv.com [Source type: General]

^ Plate refunds are not issued to former Nevada residents.
  • Nevada DMV Frequently Asked Questions 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nevadadmv.state.nv.us [Source type: General]

^ Nevada’s exposure has been particularly acute due to the state’s reliance on the tourism industry.

Contents

Geography

Digitally colored elevation map of Nevada
.The state is broken up by several north-south mountain ranges.^ Crossing the state are more than 30 north-south mountain ranges, the majority of which reach more than 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) in elevation; the highest points are Boundary Peak , at 13,143 feet (4,009 metres), and Wheeler Peak , at 13,065 feet (3,982 metres).
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.Most of those ranges have inland-draining valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin.^ Most of Nevada lies within the Great Basin section of the Basin and Range Province , where the topography is characterized by rugged mountains, flat valleys with occasional buttes and mesas, and sandy desert regions.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Read More About Golf Nevada's parks range from the magnificent Great Basin National Park on the eastern side of the state to the beautiful...

.Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin Desert, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and sub-freezing temperatures in the winter.^ Most of Nevada lies within the Great Basin section of the Basin and Range Province , where the topography is characterized by rugged mountains, flat valleys with occasional buttes and mesas, and sandy desert regions.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Read More About Golf Nevada's parks range from the magnificent Great Basin National Park on the eastern side of the state to the beautiful...

^ Other attractions within a short drive include Lake Mead Recreation Area , Great Basin National Park and Zion National Park.

Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket the area with snow. The state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F (52 °C) in Laughlin (elevation of 605 feet (184 m)) on 29 June 1994.[4]
.The Humboldt River crosses from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock.^ Flanked by the Funeral Mountains to the west and Yucca Mountain and the Nellis Air Force Range to the east, both the desert and town were named for the Amargosa River.

^ Directions: From 395 turn West on Gilman, Gilman turns into State Route 756 (Centerville Lane) we are across the street from Street Gall's Catholic Church on your Right.
  • Where to find pick your own farms and orchards in Nevada for fruit, vegetables, pumpkins and Christmas trees. 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.pickyourown.org [Source type: General]

^ West to State Hwy 604 & I-15 intersection East and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker, Truckee and Carson rivers.^ Dayton, Nevada Carson City , because of both the Carson River and the promise of gold.

^ (Reno's largest dealer in radios and phonographs), Sierra Pacific Power Company (may have actually been the Truckee River Power Company at that time) and the Reno Chamber of Commerce.

^ The BLM in Nevada is currently involved in the Walker River Adjudication.
  • Western States Water Laws - Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.blm.gov [Source type: Original source]

.The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet (4,000 m), harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species.^ Nevada, land of just a little bit of everything; skiing, deserts, mountains, lakes, the annual Cowboy Poetry Gathering, and oh, yeah, Reno and Vegas.
  • Nevada solar power and solar energy rebates, tax credits, and incentives. Cost breakdown for photovoltaic panels and solar water heaters 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.solarpowerrocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Nevada is a land of vast open plains, sheep, cattle, spectacular deserts and magnificent mountains.
  • Rural health and rural human services resources for Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.raconline.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Flanked by the Funeral Mountains to the west and Yucca Mountain and the Nellis Air Force Range to the east, both the desert and town were named for the Amargosa River.

.The valleys are often no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet (900 m).^ Elevation gain is from 5,000 to 9,000 feet.
  • Horse & Mule Trail Guide USA: Trails, Campgrounds, Overnight in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.horseandmuletrails.com [Source type: General]

^ The elevation ranges from 5,000 feet in the park to 8600 feet at the top of the Virginia Range.
  • Horse & Mule Trail Guide USA: Trails, Campgrounds, Overnight in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.horseandmuletrails.com [Source type: General]

The eastern parts of the state receive more summer moisture and have a slightly more verdant terrain. Sagebrush grows everywhere and some rivers and streams break the desert terrain.
.The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert.^ The southern area of the state is within the Mojave Desert ; the lowest elevation, 470 feet (143 metres), is in that region, on the Colorado River just below Black Canyon.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The area receives less rain in the winter but is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. .The terrain is also lower, mostly below 4,000 feet (1,200 m), creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights due to inversion.^ Warm in Winter and Cool in Summer Act of 2008 .
  • Nevada | TheMiddleClass.org 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC themiddleclass.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line (in respect to the cardinal directions) as a state boundary at just over 400 miles (640 km).^ The small community of Primm is located on Interstate 15 in Clark County, at the border of Nevada and California, roughly 40 miles south of Las Vegas.

^ It is located just 7 miles north of the Berlin-Icthyosaur State Park which is a small version of Bodie and a fossil site as well.
  • Horse & Mule Trail Guide USA: Trails, Campgrounds, Overnight in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.horseandmuletrails.com [Source type: General]

.This line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles (6 km) offshore (in the direction of the boundary), and continues to the Colorado River where the Nevada, California, and Arizona boundaries merge 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge.^ Bordered by Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, and California, it covers 110,567 sq mi (286,368 sq km); its capital is Carson City .
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Sierra Nevada College adds continuing ed program North Lake Tahoe Bonanza: As Sierra Nevada College, the only private four-year college in Nevada, keeps growing it is adding a continuing education program to its lineup.
  • Sierra Nevada College - Faculty Profiles 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.sierranevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Ringed by deep green hillsides and bordering the Tahoe National Forest, Nevada City is located just minutes from sparkling Sierra lakes and rivers and forested trail systems perfect for hiking and biking.

Wheeler Peak in Great Basin National Park.
.The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is the Spring Mountains, just west of Las Vegas.^ Nevada, land of just a little bit of everything; skiing, deserts, mountains, lakes, the annual Cowboy Poetry Gathering, and oh, yeah, Reno and Vegas.
  • Nevada solar power and solar energy rebates, tax credits, and incentives. Cost breakdown for photovoltaic panels and solar water heaters 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.solarpowerrocks.com [Source type: General]

^ (NLV 17) City of North Las Vegas: Land Use Master Plan: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ SW 6 (B) Urban Sprawl (Las Vegas area); by Yumiko Kuroiwa (UNLV AAE442x Spring 2002 Stissi); (4) 8.5x11 color pages.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The state's lowest point is along the Colorado River, south of Laughlin.^ The southern area of the state is within the Mojave Desert ; the lowest elevation, 470 feet (143 metres), is in that region, on the Colorado River just below Black Canyon.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Hoover Dam straddles the mighty Colorado River, which forms the border between the states of Nevada and Arizona.

^ Colorado River Commission Nevada Commission on Economic Development Nevada Commission on Tourism Nevada Gaming Commission / State Gaming Control Board Nevada State Council on the Arts Public Utilities Commission Regional .
  • Nevada: State and Local Government on the Net 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.statelocalgov.net [Source type: News]

Bordering States

History

Statehood

.On March 2, 1861, the Nevada Territory separated from the Utah territory and adopted its current name, shortened from Sierra Nevada (Spanish for "snowy range").^ If you did not receive a renewal notice, please call or e-mail your name, Nevada driver license number and current address for instructions.
  • Nevada DMV Frequently Asked Questions 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nevadadmv.state.nv.us [Source type: General]

.Eight days prior to the presidential election of 1864, Nevada became the 36th state in the union.^ It became the Territory of Nevada in 1861 and the 36th U.S. state in 1864.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ January 2009: Nevada Secretary of State - 2008 Official Statewide General Election Results - November 4, 2008 .

^ Nevada Secretary of State: Election Center .

Statehood was rushed to the date of October 31 - coincidentally Halloween - to help ensure Abraham Lincoln's reelection and post-Civil War Republican dominance in Congress. .[5] As Nevada's mining-based economy tied it to the more industrialized Union, it was viewed as more politically reliable than other Confederate-sympathizing states such as neighboring California.^ A tortfeasor who pays more than his "equitable share of the common liability" has a right of contribution against the other tortfeasors.
  • Nevada Medical Malpractice Summary 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.mcandl.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The traditional bases of its economy, mining and agriculture, are overshadowed by government activity and tourism, the latter centred on Las Vegas , Reno , and Lake Tahoe .
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Document (SN 15) top State of Nevada (STNV 1 - 38) : ( http://www.nv.gov/ ) Alternatives for Management of an Expanded State Land Base.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.It is a common misconception that one of the reasons Nevada was granted statehood was its large deposits of silver and gold.^ Nevada silver and gold provided Mackay's wealth.

.This is merely a myth, however, and would have been illogical in that Congress had unlimited control over these resources when Nevada was a territory and only limited control after Nevada became a state.^ Gladys: I would like to get the census for how many homeless veterans both women and men in the state of Nevada in...
  • Nevada RealEstateRama | Real Estate News, Press Releases and Articles from Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nevada.realestaterama.com [Source type: News]

^ The best thing about this law is that Nevada does not limit the amount of time that you can carry a credit (some states take the credit away after a year or so).
  • Nevada solar power and solar energy rebates, tax credits, and incentives. Cost breakdown for photovoltaic panels and solar water heaters 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.solarpowerrocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Pregnancy Issues and Pregnancy Resources will help you (whether you live in Nevada or any other state) if you are pregnant.  It has information about pregnancy and what you can expect.
  • Nevada Assistance Programs for Pregnant Women and Birth Mothers. Plus Adoption Agencies, Laws, Types of Adoption 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.adoptionservices.org [Source type: General]

.Nevada achieved its current boundaries on May 5, 1866 when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present day Nevada south of the 37th parallel.^ On July 11, 2005 , the Maricopa County, Arizona Sheriffs Office requested activation of the Nevada AMBER Alert for two children, Bryan and JenniferCervantes.

^ (Wall) (Color Bond Copy Mounted on Foam Core) (EAST WALL IN SPECIAL COLLECTIONS ROOM) ) ***(note wall locations may change with new shelves) Summerlin South Presentation to Clark County Commission Oct.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Soil Survey of Lincoln County, Nevada, South Part.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and it was thought by officials that Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom.^ The Nevada State Journal announced that they would be constructing a new station for the Reno area on March 11, 1923.

.This area includes most of what is now Clark County.^ Real estate listings in Boulder City, Las Vegas, Green Valley Ranch, Summerlin, Henderson and Clark County Nevada areas.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ Visit Steve Gerri Wadkins online right now to search the latest listigs and find the Clark County home you're looking for.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ August 1, 2001 (24x36) (Bond) (D3 # 6) Clark County Comprehensive Planning: Land Uses and Construction Years for the Area Bounded By Sahara Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Industry

.Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years (see Silver mining in Nevada).^ See Beginning Drivers 18 and Older if you have never been licensed in the U.S. See Nevada Teen Driving if you are under 18 years of age.
  • Nevada DMV Frequently Asked Questions 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nevadadmv.state.nv.us [Source type: General]

.However in the late 19th century, Nevada found it increasingly more difficult to compete with states such as Colorado and Utah in the mining industry.^ Colorado River Commission Nevada Commission on Economic Development Nevada Commission on Tourism Nevada Gaming Commission / State Gaming Control Board Nevada State Council on the Arts Public Utilities Commission Regional .
  • Nevada: State and Local Government on the Net 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.statelocalgov.net [Source type: News]

.There was even talk of stripping away statehood, the only time in American history such an action was discussed in Congress.^ For those Consumer Use Tax accounts which report only use taxes, such as construction contractors, and should be used for prior time periods.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

^ As with all broadcasting stations of the day, KFAS was supposed to share air time with other local broadcast stations, of which there was only the Broili's station, KDZK .

.However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in 1900 is thought to have saved the state from near collapse.^ The Tonopah strike dates from 1900.

This was followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite, lasting well into the 1910s and making Nevada a dominant player in mining once again.

Gaming and labor

The famous Las Vegas Strip, home to the world's largest casino-hotels.
Gambling erupted once more following a recession in the early 20th century, helping to build the city of Las Vegas.
.Unregulated gambling was common place in the early Nevada mining towns but outlawed in 1909 as part of a nation-wide anti-gaming crusade.^ Ione Nevada is a mining town known as the "town that wouldnt die".
  • Horse & Mule Trail Guide USA: Trails, Campgrounds, Overnight in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.horseandmuletrails.com [Source type: General]

.Due to subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression, Nevada re-legalized gambling on March 19, 1931, with approval from the legislature.^ It began its transition to a modern economy during the Great Depression when gambling was legalized.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ On March 19, 2008 , the California Highway Patrol contacted the Nevada Highway Patrol to request an activation of the Nevada AMBER Alert in Southern Nevada for Zane Anthony Newton.

At the time, the leading proponents of gambling expected that it would be a short term fix until the state's economic base widened to include less cyclical industries. .However, re-outlawing gambling has never been seriously considered since, and the industry has become Nevada's primary source of revenue today.^ Tuesday 12 August 2008 State/Local PRIMARIES NEVADA PRIMARY Returns from an official source.

.In 1935, construction began on Hoover Dam near Boulder City.^ Construction of the Hoover Dam aided the economy of southern Nevada.
  • Nevada (state, United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Boulder City-Hoover Dam Museum .

.Thousands of workers from across the country came to build the dam, and providing for their needs in turn required many more workers.^ Without Congressional action, hundreds of thousands of workers across the country would run out of unemployment benefits by the end of the month.
  • Nevada RealEstateRama | Real Estate News, Press Releases and Articles from Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nevada.realestaterama.com [Source type: News]

^ Many other broadcast stations across the country claim their lineage on much less tenable connections.

The boom in population is likely to have fueled the relegalization of gambling, alike present-day industry. .Both Hoover Dam and later war industries such as the Basic Magnesium Plant first started the growth of the southern area of the state near Las Vegas.^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (LV 111J) Las Vegas Visitor Stats & Facts (Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority): http://www.lvcva.com/press/statistics-facts/index.jsp Area Facts (Southern Nevada Home Builders Assoc.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Over the last 75 years, Clark County has grown in relation to the Reno area, and today encompasses most of the state's population.^ CC 223A) Clark County Population Estimates.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (D3#11) Clark County Demographics 1994: Population and Housing Data (CC 10) Clark County Demographic Summary.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Real estate listings in Boulder City, Las Vegas, Green Valley Ranch, Summerlin, Henderson and Clark County Nevada areas.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

Nuclear Testing

.The Nevada Test Site, 65 miles (105 km) Northwest of the City of Las Vegas, was founded on January 11, 1951 for the testing of nuclear weapons.^ Media release from City of Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas Sun January 1, 2006.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ To find out more information regarding the many cities and communities of Nevada, use Radius Search or our extensive list of community sites below.
  • Nevada Real Estate Listings of Homes for Sale - Prices of Houses in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.househunt.com [Source type: General]

.The site is composed of approximately 1,350 square miles (3,500 km2) of desert and mountainous terrain.^ Swim 500 meters, Mountain Bike 9.3 miles, Trail Run 3.1 miles .
  • Nevada Triathlon Event Calendar 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.trifind.com [Source type: General]

.Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site began with a one-kiloton of TNT (4 terajoule) bomb dropped on Frenchman Flats on January 27, 1951. The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, 1962 and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, 1992.^ (LVSP 23) Quarterly Report July 1- September 30, 2000.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ By January, 1923, the Nevada State Journal began listing itself as the operator of KDZK , with Nevada Machinery & Electric Co.

^ Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada August 1996 vol.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

The location is known for the highest amount of concentrated nuclear detonated weapons in the U.S.

Homesteading

Over 80% of the state's area is owned by the federal government. The primary reason for this is that homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada. Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water (this pattern of ranching still prevails). .The deficiencies in the Homestead Act as applied to Nevada were probably due to a lack of understanding of the Nevada environment, although some firebrands (so-called "Sagebrush Rebels") maintain that it was due to pressure from mining interests to keep land out of the hands of common folk.^ Raycraft was an enthusiastic proponent of using wireless to keep in contact with the mining camps around the west-central Nevada area.

^ During the same time period, some of the major law enforcement agencies in southern Nevada were not interested in following this "AMBER Alert" approach.

This debate continues to be argued among some state historians today.

Demographics

Nevada Population Density Map
.According to the Census Bureau's 2006 estimate, Nevada has an estimated population of 2,495,529, which is an increase of 92,909, or 3.5%, from the prior year and an increase of 516,550, or 20.8%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 81,661 people (that is 170,451 births minus 88,790 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 337,043 people into the state.^ Estimated 2006 population: 2,495,529 .
  • Nevada Bigger Cities (over 6000 residents) - Real Estate, Housing, Schools, Residents, Crime, Pollution, Demographics and More 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

^ Some states have a special benefit available to people who are unable to work due to medical conditions that are not related to their employment.
  • DETR - Unemployment Insurance Benefits FAQ 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nvdetr.org [Source type: General]

Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 66,098 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 270,945 people. According to the 2006 census estimate, Arizona has replaced Nevada to become the fastest growing state in the country, percentage-wise. .Nevada is now the second fastest growing out of the fifty states, having been in 1st place for about 60 straight years.^ The Nevada State Journal had apparently operated KDZK but since they now had KFFR in operation, they didn't require the Broili's station.

^ The first remote broadcast in Nevada took place on June 3, 1923, with KDZK covering the Nevada State Industrial Exposition and Auto Show.

^ (NDOT 3) Pattern And Platte Of Place: A Landscape And Aesthetics Master Plan For Nevada State Highway System, June 6, 2002 (NDOT 4) Pattern And Platte Of Place: A Landscape And Aesthetics Master Plan For Nevada State Highway System, June 30, 2002, (NDOT 5) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

[6]
.The center of population of Nevada is located in southern Nye County [3].^ Nevada Counties Birth Certificate, Death Record, Marriage License and More vitalrec.com the most comprehensive resource for locating vital records on the internet .
  • Nevada Counties Birth Certificate, Death Record, Marriage License and More 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.vitalrec.com [Source type: General]

^ Las Vegas, Clark County and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials .
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas .
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

{{US DemogTable|Nevada|03-32.csv|= | 86.11| 7.67| 2.17| 5.67| 0.83|= | 18.78| 0.44| 0.45| 0.25| 0.11|= | 84.25| 8.58| 2.15| 6.87| 0.92|= | 22.31| 0.69| 0.51| 0.30| 0.12|= | 18.23| 35.25| 20.23| 46.27| 33.72|= | 11.17| 31.96| 16.39| 46.36| 33.55|= | 43.57| 88.97| 34.74| 44.46| 34.84}}
.The largest reported ancestry groups in Nevada are: German (14.1%), Mexican (12.7%), Irish (11%), English (10.1%), Italian (6.6%), Filipino (5.2%), and American (4.8%).^ Forum Archive: Nevada Pages: 2 3 Las Vegas Pages: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Reno-Sparks area Pages: 2 3 .
  • Nevada Bigger Cities (over 6000 residents) - Real Estate, Housing, Schools, Residents, Crime, Pollution, Demographics and More 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

^ (LVCVA 11) Summary 1988 (LVCVA 10) Visitor Profile Downtown Strip Version Sept.1987 (LVCVA 7) Visitor Profile Southern California Area Version Composite Report Dec.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Nevada also has a sizable Basque ancestry population. .In Clark and Pershing Counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry; Nye County and Humboldt County have a plurality of German-Americans.^ The three regions are (1) Northwest: Carson City, Churchill, Douglas, Humboldt, Lyon, Mineral, Pershing, Storey, and Washoe Counties; (2) Northeast: Elko, Eureka, Lander, and White Pine Counties; and (3) South: Clark, Esmeralda, Lincoln, and Nye Counties.
  • Great Basin Bird Observatory 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.gbbo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 16.19% of the population aged 5 and over speak Spanish at home, while 1.59% speak Filipino [4].^ (LV 111A) Census 2000 Redistricting Data Summary File; Race Populations for Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ On March 19, 2000 , Krystal Steadman, age 9, was kidnapped from an apartment complex in Stateline.

6.8% of its population were reported as under 5, 26.3% under 18, and 13.6% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.7% of the population. .As a result of its rapid population growth, Nevada has a higher percentage of residents born outside of the state than any other state.^ Crisis Centers for birth mothers and pregnant women living in Nevada or any other U.S. state or in Canada are listed on this page.
  • Nevada Assistance Programs for Pregnant Women and Birth Mothers. Plus Adoption Agencies, Laws, Types of Adoption 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.adoptionservices.org [Source type: General]

^ The Nevada unemployment insurance program can help you financially if you are temporarily unemployed.  We have also provided the contact information and/or website link for the other 49 states' unemployment insurance programs.
  • Nevada Assistance Programs for Pregnant Women and Birth Mothers. Plus Adoption Agencies, Laws, Types of Adoption 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.adoptionservices.org [Source type: General]

^ Adoption exchanges in Nevada and other states provide you with the links and contact information to find children who are in the state foster care system and who are available for adoption.
  • Nevada Child Adoption Agencies, Laws, Types, Assistance Programs and More 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.adoptionservices.org [Source type: General]

.From about the 1940s to 2003, Nevada was the fastest growing state in the country percentage-wise.^ Sign-up for our Email Newsletter Thinking about a trip to the wonderful State of Nevada?

^ State Adoption Contact in Nevada can be a valuable source of information about adoption in general and more specifically about the state's child adoption program.
  • Nevada Child Adoption Agencies, Laws, Types, Assistance Programs and More 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.adoptionservices.org [Source type: General]

Between 1990 and 2000, Nevada's population increased 66.3%, while the USA's population increased 13.1%. .Over two thirds of the population of the state live in the fast-growing Las Vegas metropolitan area.^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada Real Estate Agents in Nevada metro areas include Las Vegas, Reno, Carson City, Elko, Fallon, in Nevada.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

If Congress were reapportioned using 2005 data, Nevada would gain a representative seat, for a total of 4.

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of Nevada are:

Economy

Nevada's booming economic center of Las Vegas
The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Nevada's total state product in 2006 was $100 billion. .Resort areas such as Las Vegas, Reno, Lake Tahoe, and Laughlin attract visitors from around the world.^ Location: Just 15 minutes from downtown Reno and the Reno/Tahoe International Airport and less than 25 minutes from Lake Tahoe.
  • Montreaux in Reno, Nevada - Luxury Homes in a Private Gated Golf Course Community featuring Luxury Real Estate as a Primary Home, Second Home, Vacation Property, or Real Estate Investment - PrivateCommunities.com 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.privatecommunities.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Per capita personal income in 2005 was $46,108, 11th in the nation. Its agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions and potatoes. Its industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment. .Prostitution is legal in parts of Nevada in the form of brothels but only counties with populations under 400,000 people can legalize it, and those counties may choose to outlaw it if they wish.^ Is prostitution legal in Nevada ?
  • State of Nevada Official web site 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nv.gov [Source type: News]

^ These designations differ slightly from those defined by Titus (1996), who included the northernmost parts of Nye county in the Northeast region.
  • Great Basin Bird Observatory 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.gbbo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Certain rural counties may decide whether to allow brothel prostitution under the business licensing provisions of the county.
  • State of Nevada Official web site 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nv.gov [Source type: News]

.Prostitution is illegal in Clark County (where Las Vegas sits), Washoe County (where Reno sits), and several other counties around the state.^ However, all forms of street prostitution are illegal in all parts of the state under Nevada's criminal laws.
  • State of Nevada Official web site 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC nv.gov [Source type: News]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada Real Estate Agents in Nevada metro areas include Las Vegas, Reno, Carson City, Elko, Fallon, in Nevada.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

.In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas, mining and cattle ranching are the major economic activities.^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada Real Estate Agents in Nevada metro areas include Las Vegas, Reno, Carson City, Elko, Fallon, in Nevada.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. In 2004, 6.8 million ounces of gold worth $2.84 billion were mined in Nevada, and the state accounted for 8.7% of world gold production. Silver is a distant second, with 10.3 million ounces worth $69 million mined in 2004. [7] Other minerals mined in Nevada include construction aggregates, copper, gypsum, diotomite and lithium. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices.
As of January 1, 2006 there were an estimated 500,000 head of cattle and 70,000 head of sheep in Nevada.[8] Most of these animals forage on rangeland in the summer, with supplemental feed in the winter. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for market. Over 90% of Nevada's 484,000 acres of cropland is used to grow hay, mostly alfalfa, for livestock feed.
.Nevada is also one of only a few states with no personal income tax and no corporate income tax.^ An excise tax on each bank at the rate of $1,750 for each branch office in excess of one maintained by the bank in this state on the first day of each calendar quarter.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

.The state sales tax in Nevada is 6.5%.^ When he returned to Nevada, he took a job with Osborne and Kitchen, Inc., a major electrical supplier where he became their sales representative for the state of Nevada.

^ Both the Nevada Business Registration and the Supplemental Application must be completed to issue your Sales Tax/Use Tax Permit.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

.Counties can assess option taxes as well, making the combined state/county sales taxes rate in some areas as high as 7.75%.^ This return reflects the new tax rates in Lander county, effective 04/01/04.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

^ This return reflects the new tax rates in Carson City county, effective 04/01/06..
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

^ This return reflects the new tax rates in Clark and White Pine county, effective 10/1/2003.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

.Sales tax in Carson City is 7.125% in Clark County 7.75%, in Washoe County 7.375%, while sales tax in Douglas County is 6.75%.^ This return reflects the new tax rates in Carson City county, effective 04/01/06..
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

^ This return reflects the new tax rates in Clark and White Pine county, effective 10/1/2003.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

^ "Cities push bill to ease annexation of 'islands' of Clark County land" by Scott Reeder.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Transportation

State Route shield
.Amtrak's California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in a daily service from Chicago to Emeryville serving Elko, Winnemucca, Sparks, and Reno.^ (LV 52G) UPPR Site: Environmental Risk Assessment for the Union Pacific Railroad Site.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Amtrak Thruway Motorcoaches also provide connecting service from Las Vegas to trains at Needles, Los Angeles, and Bakersfield; and from Stateline, to Sacramento.^ Norma Hoag - Escrow Officer, providing escrow, title and notary services in Las Vegas, county of Clark.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ Construction Connection Article from May 2001 (LV 56J) "Molasky to build government office in downtown Las Vegas."
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Elite Realty 256 Lamppost Hendersonn 702-767-3188 ( http://www.highrollerhomes.com/ Las Vegas Real Estate Services.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

.Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and in the south.^ (LV 52G) UPPR Site: Environmental Risk Assessment for the Union Pacific Railroad Site.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Greyhound Lines provides some bus services.
.Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities.^ Realty ONE Group, LV 1333 N. Buffalo #190 Las Vegas, NV 89128 702-279-9772 Website: Realty ONE Group, LV Serving Las Vegas and surrounding communities.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ M ^M I have devoted my career to serving the real estate needs of people moving to and from the Las Vegas area.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ B Las Vegas, Nevada 89102 702-430-4250 Website: Southern Nevada Realty Las Vegas MLS Brokerage: New and Resale home sales.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

.I-215 and spur route I-515 also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area.^ Realty ONE Group, LV 1333 N. Buffalo #190 Las Vegas, NV 89128 702-279-9772 Website: Realty ONE Group, LV Serving Las Vegas and surrounding communities.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and passing westward through Reno and into California.^ Complete Northern Nevada REal estate website packed with helpful inofrmation for home buyers and sellers in the reno and surrounding areas.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ The remainder of the KOH story that follows is from old Nevada State Journal and Reno Evening Gazette articles along with the FRC/FCC records.

^ Besides Reno Motor Supply Company, Hadley invested in several other businesses in Nevada and California and also raised registered Arabian horses on his ranch near Reno.

It has a spur route, I-580. .Nevada also is served by several federal highways: US 6, US 50, US 93, US 95 and US 395.^ Southern US 95 and 93 landscape and Aesthetics corridor plan.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 37) Design Synthesis: Southern US 95 and 93 landscape and Aesthetics corridor plan.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 35) Southern US-95 and US-93 Landscape and Aesthetics Corridor plan.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.There are also 189 Nevada state highways.^ (NDOT 15) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 14) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 11) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Nevada is one of a few states in the U.S. that does not have a continuous interstate highway linking its major population centers: Reno/Carson City and Las Vegas.^ Media release from City of Las Vegas.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Suite #180 Las Vegas, Nevada .
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ Realty ONE Group, LV 1333 N. Buffalo #190 Las Vegas, NV 89128 702-279-9772 Website: Realty ONE Group, LV Serving Las Vegas and surrounding communities.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

.Even the non-interstate federal highways aren't contiguous between its two largest cities, though they are well marked by signs showing where to turn.^ This form allows the transfer of liquor between two retail stores that hold a non-restricted gaming license.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

.The state is one of just a few in the country that allow semi-trailer trucks with three trailers—what might be called a "road train" in Australia.^ Apparently, if the ship was sold to another country, then the three-letter call was also not re-issued.

^ The move would allow a "new" KOH to increase transmitter power to 50KW. The station owners had to weigh the advantage of 50KW vs an old three-letter call.

However, American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.
.Las Vegas has a bus network and a monorail system.^ (Topo Maps drawer 30: Las Vegas SW, NEV.) Las Vegas Transportation: (LV 114) Downtown: Transportation System Enhancements.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (RTC-M 2A) Analysis of the Proposed Las Vegas LLC Monorail(2nd Ed.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Las Vegas Monorail Takes Off.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas is one of the busiest airports in the United States.^ Realty ONE Group, LV 1333 N. Buffalo #190 Las Vegas, NV 89128 702-279-9772 Website: Realty ONE Group, LV Serving Las Vegas and surrounding communities.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ (D15#18) City of North Las Vegas: Zoning: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Suite C Las Vegas, NV 89117 70-370-2700 ( http://www.lasvegasland%20and%20homes.com/ Las Vegas one of the hotest real estate markets in the United States.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

The Reno-Tahoe International Airport (formerly known as the Reno Cannon International Airport) is the other major airport in the state.
.RTC RIDE operates a well-structured frequent system of local transit buses throughout the Reno-Sparks metropolitan area.^ KOJ is listed in some 1922 radio magazine schedules and there were some reports that test transmissions were received in the Reno area, but it seems unlikely that KOJ was ever operational.

^ The antenna system was supposedly the first counterpoise antenna in the area and used parts supplied by the Truckee River Power Company (Reno's power company at the time.

^ CD. (RTC 35) Las Vegas Valley Transit System Development Plan: Chapter 5: Definition of Corridor Investment Strategies.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Other transit systems in the state include Carson City's JAC.^ Nevada Real Estate Agents in Nevada metro areas include Las Vegas, Reno, Carson City, Elko, Fallon, in Nevada.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ Cooperative Agreements: State, Counties, Cities, Districts and Other Public Agencies .

Some counties do not have public transport at all, e.g. .Storey, Eureka, Lander, and Nye.^ The three regions are (1) Northwest: Carson City, Churchill, Douglas, Humboldt, Lyon, Mineral, Pershing, Storey, and Washoe Counties; (2) Northeast: Elko, Eureka, Lander, and White Pine Counties; and (3) South: Clark, Esmeralda, Lincoln, and Nye Counties.
  • Great Basin Bird Observatory 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.gbbo.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Law and government

Usage

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The current Governor of Nevada is Jim Gibbons (Republican), the Governor of Nevada is limited to two (4 year terms) in office, by election, or succession (lifetime limit) by the Nevada Constitution. .Nevada's two U.S. senators are Harry Reid (Democrat) and John Ensign (Republican).^ Ensign, John (R) F 30% Reid, Harry (D) C 91% .
  • Nevada | TheMiddleClass.org 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC themiddleclass.org [Source type: Original source]

Legislature

A view of the Nevada State Legislative Building in Carson City
The Nevada Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an upper house Senate and a lower house Assembly. Members of the Senate serve for four years, and members of the Assembly serve for two years. .Both houses of the Nevada Legislature will be impacted by term limits starting in 2010, as Senators and Assemblymen/women will be limited to a maximum of 12 years service in each house (by appointment or election which is a lifetime limit) - this provision has not been strictly enforced, as voters imposed term limits on the legislature back in mid to late 1990s, but rulings by the Nevada Attorney General's office have stated that term limits cannot go into effect prior to 2010. Each session of the Legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated 120 days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session.^ In 1998, the Attorneys General of 46 states signed the Master Settlement Agreement (“MSA”) with the four largest tobacco companies in the United States...
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

^ RealtyTrac updates its Nevada foreclosure listings every day, so you are always searching the latest data.
  • Nevada Foreclosures - Trends and Information at RealtyTrac 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.realtytrac.com [Source type: General]

^ The Class A Commercial Limited license was granted for a term of three months and the first expiration date was to be October 12, 1922.

Currently, the Senate is controlled by the Republican Party (11 to 10 majority) and the Assembly is controlled by the Democratic Party (27 to 15 majority).

Judiciary

.Nevada is one of the few U.S. states without a system of intermediate appellate courts.^ (NDOT 15) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 14) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 11) Support Service For Implementation Of The Landscape And Aesthetic Master Plan For The Nevada State Highway Systems.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

It has a state supreme court, the Supreme Court of Nevada, which hears all appeals. The court lacks the power of discretionary review, so Nevada's judicial system is extremely congested. .There have been several articles accusing judges in Nevada of making biased or favored decisions as the result of case outcomes and reporting done by the Los Angeles Times newspaper (in which it raised the issue of justice for sale).^ Photos of Sparks HS , University of Nevada , various newspaper articles, etc., from the Nevada Historical Society collection .

^ The standard monthly or quarterly tax return used by the majority of people reporting sales and use tax, for prior time periods.
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

^ Central Nevada Museum - Tonopah Bonanza Times newspaper articles - supplied by Joni Eastley .

Original jurisdiction is divided between the District Courts (with general jurisdiction), and Justice Courts and Municipal Courts (both of limited jurisdiction).

Libertarian laws

The courthouse of the Supreme Court of Nevada
In 1900, Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers. Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:
"Nevada built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty. Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in many other states in the union... after easy divorce came easy marriage, and casino gambling. Even prostitution (in the form of brothels only) is legal in parts of the state." [9] (See Prostitution in Nevada).

Divorce laws

.Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that prior to the no-fault divorce revolution in the 1970s, divorces were quite difficult to obtain in the United States.^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

To boost its fragile economy, Nevada adopted one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation. This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina, 317 U.S. 287 (1942) , in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that North Carolina had to give "full faith and credit" to a Nevada divorce.

Tax laws

.Nevada's tax laws also draw new residents and businesses to the state.^ The Daily Bonanza claimed this to be the first wireless news service supplied to a newspaper in the state of Nevada.

^ The Nevada State Journal announced that they would be constructing a new station for the Reno area on March 11, 1923.

^ The Nevada Business Registration and Supplemental Application for the Department of Taxation are located Online through NevadaTax @ https://www.nevadatax.nv.gov/web or from our Homepage http://tax.state.nv.us/ and select ing the NevadaTax icon .
  • Common Forms 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC tax.state.nv.us [Source type: Reference]

Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income tax. [5].

Incorporation laws

.Nevada also provides friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many (especially California) businesspeople have incorporated their businesses in Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute.^ Besides Reno Motor Supply Company, Hadley invested in several other businesses in Nevada and California and also raised registered Arabian horses on his ranch near Reno.

.Nevada Corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states.^ Document (SN 15) top State of Nevada (STNV 1 - 38) : ( http://www.nv.gov/ ) Alternatives for Management of an Expanded State Land Base.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ By 1898, the United States Navy was installing wireless sets on board some battleships.

^ Besides Reno Motor Supply Company, Hadley invested in several other businesses in Nevada and California and also raised registered Arabian horses on his ranch near Reno.

In addition, Nevada has no franchise tax.

Financial institutions

Similarly, many U.S. states have usury laws limiting the amount of interest a lender can charge, but Federal law allows corporations to 'import' these laws from their home state. .Nevada (amongst others) has relatively lax interest laws, in effect allowing banks to charge as much as they want, hence the preponderance of credit card companies in the state.^ Besides Reno Motor Supply Company, Hadley invested in several other businesses in Nevada and California and also raised registered Arabian horses on his ranch near Reno.

^ Search Nevada Real Estate by Zipcodes Find Agents, Realtors ®   -   Houses for Sale   -   Real Estate Listings   in Other States        Search Nevada Real Estate Home Prices and Sizes Average Home Sizes & Prices or by a Zipcode: .
  • Nevada Real Estate Listings of Homes for Sale - Prices of Houses in Nevada 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC www.househunt.com [Source type: General]

Drug laws

This is a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles. It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for marijuana possession. However, it is now a misdemeanor for possession of less than one ounce. In 2006, voters in Nevada defeated attempts to allow possession of 1 ounce of marijuana (for personal use) without being criminally prosecuted, but this failed by a vote of (55% against legalization, 45% in favor of legalization). .Also, Nevada is one of the states that allows for use of marijuana for medical reasons (though this remains illegal under federal law, and US Supreme Court rulings).^ Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada August 1996 Readers Guide (US 1) U.S. Dept.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Bars are permitted (but not required) to remain open 24 hours, with no "last call". Liquor stores, convenience stores and supermarkets may also sell alcohol 24 hours per day, and may sell beer, wine and spirits.

Smoking

Nevada voters enacted a smoking ban ("the Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act") in November 2006; effective Dec. 8, 2006. It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is inside a larger casino. Smoking is also permitted in hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels.[10] However most businesses do not obey this law and the government tends not to enforce it.[11] However in one case they did prosecute a place called "Bilbo's" but this will not go to trial until 2008.[12]
A 2006 study found workers in Nevada casinos had damage to their DNA from tobacco smoke.[13]

Politics

.Due to the tremendous growth of Las Vegas in recent years, there is a noticeable divide between politics of northern and southern Nevada.^ Suite #180 Las Vegas, Nevada .
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ (LV 111J) Las Vegas Visitor Stats & Facts (Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority): http://www.lvcva.com/press/statistics-facts/index.jsp Area Facts (Southern Nevada Home Builders Assoc.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada Real Estate Agents in Nevada metro areas include Las Vegas, Reno, Carson City, Elko, Fallon, in Nevada.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

.The north has long maintained control of key positions in the state government even while the population of the Las Vegas area is larger than the rest of the state.^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ Nevada Real Estate Agents in Nevada metro areas include Las Vegas, Reno, Carson City, Elko, Fallon, in Nevada.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ M ^M I have devoted my career to serving the real estate needs of people moving to and from the Las Vegas area.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

This has fostered resentment as the north sees the south as a potential bully of majority rule and the south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy. However, due to a term limit amendment passed by Nevada voters in 1994, and again in 1996, some of the North's hold over key positions will soon be forfeited to the South, leaving Northern Nevada with less power. Most people outside the state are not familiar with this rivalry. According to official statistics, party registration numbers show that 40.5% of voters are registered Republicans, with 40.1% being Democrats and 19.3% of voters being Independents.
The skyline of Reno.
The state is not dominated by either major political party and is a swing state in both state and federal politics. .Republicans won Nevada three times in the 1980s.^ KKOH continues to use the old three letter KOH call in their advertising and many times will claim that they are "Nevada's oldest, continuously operating broadcast station."

.Democrat Bill Clinton won the state in the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections and Republican George Bush won Nevada in 2000 and 2004.^ Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada August 1996 vol.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Energy Final Environmental Impact Statement Nevada Test Site and Off-Site Locations in the State of Nevada August 1996 Readers Guide (US 1) U.S. Dept.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

In 2004, George Bush narrowly won the state's 5 electoral votes by a margin of 2 percentage points with 50.5% of the vote. .Las Vegas' Clark County, which contains the vast majority of the state's population, was the only county to vote Democratic.^ CC 223A) Clark County Population Estimates.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Norma Hoag - Escrow Officer, providing escrow, title and notary services in Las Vegas, county of Clark.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

.The state's U. S. Senators are newly-elevated Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D), a native of the town of Searchlight, and Senator John Ensign (R).^ Ensign, John (R) F 30% Reid, Harry (D) C 91% .
  • Nevada | TheMiddleClass.org 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC themiddleclass.org [Source type: Original source]

In state politics, both Democrats and Republicans have gained control of the governorship and the Nevada Legislature, with often cross-party support for varying candidates and politicians. However, no party has yet had concrete control of the Legislature or governorship in recent years.

State departments and agencies

Local important governorment laws Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are vested with home rule powers, meaning that they are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law.
.Unincorporated towns are settlements emminently governed by the county in which they are located, but who, by local referendum or by the act of the county commission, can form limited local governments in the form of a Town Advisory Board (TAB)/ Citizens Advisory Council (CAC), or a Town Board.^ Commission Form of Municipal Government .

Town Advisory Boards and Citizens Advisory Councils are formed purely by act of the county commission. Consisting of three to five members, these elected boards form a purely advisory role, and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them. Members of advisory councils and boards are elected to two year terms, and serve without compenstation. The councils and boards, themselves, are provided no revenue, and oversee no budget.
Town Boards are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum. The board consists of five members elected to four-year terms. Half the board is required to be up for election in each election. The board elects from within its ranks a town chairperson and town clerk. While more powerful than Town Advisory Boards and Citizens Advisory Councils, they also serve a largely advisory role, with their funding provided by their local county commission. The local county commission has the power to put before residents of the town a vote on whether to keep or dissolve a town board at any general election. Town boards have the ability to appoint a town manager if they choose to do so.

Important Cities and Towns

Rank City Population
within
city limits
Land Area
sq. miles
Population
Density
per sq mi
County
1 Las Vegas 553,807 131.3 4,217.8 Clark
2 Henderson 255,646 79.7 2,200.8 Clark
3 Paradise 221,051 47.1 3,947.3 Clark
4 Reno 206,629 69.1 2,611.4 Washoe
5 Sunrise Manor 195,581 38.2 4,081.8 Clark
6 North Las Vegas 177,751 78.5 1,471.0 Clark
7 Spring Valley 176,552 33.4 3,519.4 Clark
8 Sparks 88,518 23.9 2,773.6 Washoe
9 Carson City 58,350 143.4 366 Carson City
10 Pahrump 44,614 297.9 82.7 Nye

.Paradise, Sunrise Manor, and Spring Valley are unincorporated towns in the Las Vegas metropolitan area.^ If you are selling a Las Vegas area home, her listing fee is very competitive.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

^ SW 15 (A) Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas (Area Bounded by Lewis and 4th, & Clark and 3rd); by David HowRyla (UNLV Fall 1999); (6) Boards.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Las Vegas, NV, 89103 702-647-0615 ( http://www.act4u.com) Buyers agent offering homes in Las Vegas, Henderson, Green Valley, Summerlin and all areas of the Las Vegas Valley.
  • Nevada Real Estate Agent Directory - Nevada Real Estate Foreclosures - Nevada Apartments 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC valuecom.com [Source type: General]

Rank County Population
within
county limits
Land Area
sq. miles
Population
Density
per sq mi
Largest city
1 Clark 1,715,337 7,910 174 Las Vegas
2 Washoe 383,453 6,342 54 Reno
3 Carson City 56,146 155.7 366 Carson City
4 Douglas 47,803 710 58 Gardnerville Ranchos
5 Elko 46,499 17,179 3 Elko
6 Lyon 44,646 1,994 17 Fernley
7 Nye 38,181 18,147 2 Pahrump
8 Churchill 26,106 4,929 5 Fallon
9 Humboldt 17,129 9,648 2 Winnemucca
10 White Pine 8,966 8,876 1 Ely

Note: table was compiled using Nevada State estimates from 2004 for population and Census 2000 for area and density
See also: List of cities in Nevada

10 richest places in Nevada

  1. Incline Village-Crystal Bay $52,521
  2. Kingsbury $41,451
  3. Mount Charleston $38,821
  4. Verdi-Mogul $38,233
  5. Zephyr Cove-Round Hill Village $37,218
  6. Summerlin South $33,017
  7. Blue Diamond $30,479
  8. Minden $30,405
  9. Boulder City $29,770
  10. Spanish Springs $26,908

Education

Colleges and universities

Parks and Recreation

Recreation areas maintained by the National Park Service

Southern Nevada

Sports

Miscellaneous topics

Nevada's nicknames are "Sagebrush State, "Battle Born State", and "Silver State", and the state's motto is "All for Our Country". "Home Means Nevada" by Bertha Raffetto is the state song. The phrase "Battle Born" is on the state flag; "The Battle Born State" is the official state slogan, as Nevada was admitted into the union during the American Civil War.
.Although the name is derived from the Spanish word Nevada meaning "snowy", the local pronunciation of the state's name is not IPA: [nəˈvɑdə], but IPA: [nəˈvædə].^ Compilation of local radio broadcast related articles from the University of Nevada 's collection of the Nevada State Journal newspapers (1922 -1956) was supplied by: Al Glass .

Residents use the state name as a Shibboleth to determine whether or not the speaker is a native Nevadan. Residents also often regard the pronunciation as a test of whether visitors such as presidential candidates, have informed themselves about the state. .In 2005, the state issued a new series of license plates that list the name of the state as Nevăda to help with the pronunciation problem.^ They chose the former and on March 10, 1994, the FCC retired the KOH call and issued a new license with the call of KKOH for a 50KW station to operate on 780kHz.

.Several United States Navy ships have been named USS Nevada in honor of the state.^ By 1898, the United States Navy was installing wireless sets on board some battleships.

.Nevada is home to Nellis Air Force Base, a major testing and training base of the United States Air Force.^ Document (SN 15) top State of Nevada (STNV 1 - 38) : ( http://www.nv.gov/ ) Alternatives for Management of an Expanded State Land Base.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (LV 95) Lloyd D George United States Courthouse: Las Vegas, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Nellis is reputedly the home of Area 51, a top-secret installation of which the U.S. federal government has always denied existence. Area 51 is supposedly located in Groom Lake. Some time ago, the United States Air Force confirmed that there is an operating facility at Groom Lake, but the nature of the activities being conducted at Groom Lake are classified and cannot be disclosed.
The paranormal radio talk show host Art Bell lives in Pahrump.
.In Finnish language there is a very well known concept "huitsin Nevada", which refers to some far away place in spoken language (in a same way as a saying "from here to Timbuktu").^ Pressel was the son of a well-known Reno druggist and was referred to as "local boy" in the 1915-1916 articles.

The origin and history of the saying is unknown. "Nevada" refers to the name of this US state and "huitsin" is a slang word meaning "very" or "utter".

Songs about Nevada

Future Issues

.Nevada enjoys many economic advantages and the southern portion of the state (where Las Vegas is) enjoys mild winter weather, but rapid growth has led to issues of overcrowded schools.^ (LV 111J) Las Vegas Visitor Stats & Facts (Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority): http://www.lvcva.com/press/statistics-facts/index.jsp Area Facts (Southern Nevada Home Builders Assoc.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ July 1998 (SN 21) Livable Las Vegas: Managing Growth in the Las Vegas Valley.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (D15#18) City of North Las Vegas: Zoning: From Decatur BLVD west to State Hwy 604 and I-15 intersection east and from Owens Ave.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Nevada is already home to the nation's 5th largest school district in the Clark County School District (projected fall 2007 enrollment is 314,000 students grades K-12), the state has seen rising crime levels, and problems with transportation (according to state figures, there is a 1 billion dollar shortfall in funds for road construction projects in Nevada).^ (LM 11) Clark County, Nevada.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ National Center for Health Statistics http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/default.htm State of Nevada: ( http://www.nv.gov/ ) Nevada Statistical Abstract ( 2004 ) Clark County Influenza Surveillance Report (2001) http://health2k.state.nv.us/disease Clark County Health District http://www.cchd.org/ There are two reports in the News Room section of their site: "Clark County Drowning Statistics" and "Tobacco Exposure and Policy Survey."
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (CC 253) Clark County: Public Works 2002: Road & Infrastructure Guide.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Most recently, there has been news of water shortfalls in Southern Nevada in the years to come, due to the population increase, and the Southern Nevada Water Authority estimates that there will be water shortages by the year 2010, despite plans to import water from rural and northern Nevada.^ (SN 16) Use of Redevelopment as a Land Use Planning Tool in Southern Nevada a case study, 2/1994 (SN 13) Vision 2020 Today!
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ (NDOT 53) top Nevada Development Authority (NDA 1): Southern Nevada Overview.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Nevada Division of Water Planning.
  • Las Vegas, Clark County, and Southern Nevada Local Planning Materials - Architecture Studies Library, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 8 January 2010 9:14 UTC library.nevada.edu [Source type: Academic]

Despite this, the state remains one of the fast growing in the country.
.The residents of the communities in the Las Vegas Valley pay some of the highest car insurance rates in the nation.^ There are some reports that KGIX never was an operational station, however it is listed in many contemporary radio magazine schedules over a period of several years and is remembered by several longtime Las Vegas residents.

Some have suggested that Nevada annex the town of Wendover, which would be merged with West Wendover. This deal will require the permission of the Nevada and Utah legislatures, as well as the U.S. Congress.

State symbols

A fictional history (with a great deal of fact) titled Nevada was written by Clint McCullough.

See also

s:AccueilImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif
s:Accueil
Voir sur WikisourceImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif : NevadaImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif.
Playa areas of Nevada

References

  1. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 6, 2006.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, N.C., and Storm Phillips, STORMFAX, INC.
  5. ^ Rocha Guy, Historical Myth a Month: Why Did Nevada Become A State?
  6. ^ http://money.cnn.com/2006/12/22/real_estate/fastest_growing_states/index.htm
  7. ^ Nevada Mining Association, Economic Overview of the Nevada Mining Industry 2004
  8. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Nevada State Agriculture Overview - 2005
  9. ^ Lawrence M. Friedman, American Law in the Twentieth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 596-597.
  10. ^ http://www.nevadaappeal.com/article/20071006/NEWS/110060112
  11. ^ http://www.kvbc.com/Global/story.asp?S=6466938
  12. ^ http://www.klas-tv.com/Global/story.asp?S=7293936
  13. ^ http://media.www.dukechronicle.com/media/storage/paper884/news/2007/10/30/Columns/A.Nonsmokers.Plea-3065186.shtml
  14. ^ STATE DEPARTMENTS - AGENCIES. Retrieved on 2007-06-27.

External links

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Nevada. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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This article uses material from the "Nevada" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

State of Nevada
File:Flag of File:Nevada state
Flag of Nevada Seal of Nevada
Also called: Silver State, Sagebrush State,
Battle Born State (official)
Saying(s): All for our country
Official language(s) English
Capital Carson City
Largest city Las Vegas
Area  Ranked 7th
 - Total 110,567 sq mi
(286,367 km²)
 - Width 322 miles (519 km)
 - Length 490 miles (788 km)
 - % water 0.7
 - Latitude 35°N to 42°N
 - Longitude 114°W to 120°W
Number of people  Ranked 35th
 - Total (2010) {{{2010Pop}}}
 - Density {{{2010DensityUS}}}/sq mi 
{{{2010Density}}}/km² (43rd)
 - Average income  $46,984 (16th)
Height above sea level  
 - Highest point Boundary Peak[1]
13,140 ft  (4,005 m)
 - Average 5,499 ft  (1,676 m)
 - Lowest point Colorado River[1]
479 ft  (146 m)
Became part of the U.S.  October 31, 1864 (36th)
Governor Jim Gibbons (R)
U.S. Senators Harry Reid (D)
John Ensign (R)
Time zones  
 - most of state Pacific: UTC-8/-7 (DST)
 - West Wendover Mountain: UTC-7/-6 (DST)
Abbreviations NV US-NV
Web site www.nv.gov

Nevada is one of the United States. Its capital is Carson City. Other big cities are Las Vegas and Reno.

Contents

History

Nevada was originally founded in 1821 as part of the First Mexican Empire. The Mexican Empire turned into the Mexican Republic in 1823, along with Nevada.

The Mexican-American conflict

Fighting between the United States and Mexico started. They fought over what was to become the Southwestern United States and who would own the land. This was called the Mexican-American War. The war ended in an American defeat in 1848. Nevada later became an American territory in 1861. It was called the "Nevada Territory". This was not all of Nevada as it is today. The eastern part of Nevada was part of "Utah Territory" and the southern part was part of "New Mexico". In 1859 in the Comstock Lode, gold and silver were first discovered. This started a huge growth in mining in the state which Nevada is known for.

Gaining statehood

On October 31, 1864, now celebrated as "Nevada Day", Nevada was made the 36th state in the United States. It was given the distinct shape resembling a rectangle with a triangle. It was named Nevada meaning "snowy land" in Spanish, because it was snowy in the North. Later, on May 5, 1866, Nevada got its current borders because the Pah-Ute County in Arizona was taken as part of Nevada. It is now Clark County, Nevada. It was also agreed upon that the western part of Utah would become Eastern Nevada.

Economy

Tourism is very important to the economy of Nevada.[2] Many people visit Las Vegas, which has many casinos and resorts. There is not as much farming as there is in some other states, because Nevada is so dry. However, mining is big in Nevada. More gold is mined in Nevada than in any other state.[3]

References

Other websites

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Nevada, which are similar to those in the above article.








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