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Nevada, Missouri
—  City  —
Location of Nevada, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°50′27″N 94°21′20″W / 37.84083°N 94.35556°W / 37.84083; -94.35556
Country United States
State Missouri
County Vernon
Area
 - Total 9.0 sq mi (23.3 km2)
 - Land 8.9 sq mi (23.1 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 873 ft (266 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 8,607
 - Density 964.1/sq mi (372.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 64772
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-51644[1]
GNIS feature ID 0729934[2]

Nevada is a city in Vernon County, Missouri, United States. The population was 8,607 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Vernon County.[3] Nevada is the home of Cottey College, a junior college for women operated by the P.E.O. Sisterhood.

Contents

Origin of name

Before its incorporation in 1855, the small community was known as both Fair View and Hog-Eye. The latter name was considered crude, and the former had already been taken as a post office name. Therefore, town was named after Nevada City, California by circuit and county clerk DeWitt C. Hunter, who had tried his luck in the California Gold Rush of 1849. The first "a" rhymes with hay, making the pronunciation "Nuh-VAY-dah", /nəˈveɪdə/.

Vernon County suffered greatly during the American Civil War, and the entire town of Nevada was burned to the ground by the Union Army on May 23, 1863.

Geography

Nevada is located at 37°50′27″N 94°21′20″W / 37.84083°N 94.35556°W / 37.84083; -94.35556 (37.840930, -94.355576)[4]. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles (23.3 km²), of which, 8.9 square miles (23.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.67%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 8,607 people, 3,463 households, and 1,973 families residing in the city. The population density was 964.1 people per square mile (372.1/km²). There were 3,857 housing units at an average density of 432.0/sq mi (166.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.79% White, 1.03% African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.29% of the population.

There were 3,463 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 38.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 82.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,774, and the median income for a family was $36,639. Males had a median income of $28,939 versus $17,424 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,118. About 13.7% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

References

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

NEVADA, a city and the county-seat of Vernon county, Missouri, U.S.A., in the south-western part of the state, about go m. S. by E. of Kansas City. Pop. (1900) 7461, of whom 235 were foreign-born and 168 negroes; (1910) 7176. It is served by the Missouri Pacific and the Missouri, Kansas & Texas railway systems. The principal public buildings are the county court house, the federal building and the high school. Nevada is the seat of Cottey College for girls (Methodist-Episcopal, South, 1884) and of a state hospital for the insane, and there is a state camp ground for the National Guard of Missouri. There are three parks, one of which, Lake Park, is a pleasure and health resort, with a lake and chalybeate and sulphur springs. The smelting of lead and zinc and the manufacture of paper, lumber, sheet metal and bricks are among the city's industries. Nevada is a trading centre for the surrounding country, and a fine farming and stock-raising region, in which Indian corn, oats, wheat, clover, timothy and blue-grass are grown; coal is mined in the vicinity. The city's water-supply is drawn from artesian wells. Nevada ("Nevada City" until 1869) was platted in 1855, was burned down in 1863 during the occupancy by the state militia in war time, was incorporated as a town in 1869, was entered by the first railway in 1870, and was chartered as a city in 1880.


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