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City of New Castle
—  City  —
New Castle from the air, looking east.
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.92361°N 85.365°W / 39.92361; -85.365Coordinates: 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.92361°N 85.365°W / 39.92361; -85.365
Country United States
State Indiana
County Henry
Settled 1822
Government
 - Mayor Jim Small (R)
Area
 - Total 5.9 sq mi (15.4 km2)
 - Land 5.9 sq mi (15.4 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 1,070 ft (326 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 17,780
 Density 2,987.5/sq mi (1,153.8/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47362
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-52740[1]
GNIS feature ID 0440031[2]
Website www.cityofnewcastle.net/

New Castle is a city in Henry County, Indiana, 44 miles (71 km) east-northeast of Indianapolis, on the Big Blue River. In 1900, 3,406 people lived in the town; in 1910, 9,446; in 1920, 14,458; and in 1940, 16,620. The population was 17,780 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Henry County[3]. New Castle is home to New Castle Fieldhouse, the largest high school gymnasium in the world. The city is surrounded by a farming district. In the past, it was an industrial centre of some importance, where the leading manufactures included sheet iron and steel, automobiles, caskets, clothing, scales, bridges, pianos, furniture, handles, shovels, lathes, bricks, flour, etc.

New Castle Correctional Facility, with a capacity of over 2,000 inmates, is located just north of the city.

Contents

Geography

New Castle is located at 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.923733°N 85.365045°W / 39.923733; -85.365045.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15.4 km²), all of it land.

Government

New Castle is a third class city and has a seven member city council chaired by the mayor. One council member is elected from each of the city's five districts and two are elected at-large. The clerk-treasurer and city judge are also elected offices. City elections are held every four years in the year preceding presidential elections.

The mayor is elected by popular vote and appoints the police chief, fire chief, city attorney, and department heads of the various municipal agencies. In 2007, New Castle elected Jim Small, its first Republican mayor since 1951.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 666
1860 417 −37.4%
1870 1,556 273.1%
1880 2,299 47.8%
1890 2,697 17.3%
1900 3,406 26.3%
1910 9,446 177.3%
1920 14,458 53.1%
1930 14,027 −3.0%
1940 16,620 18.5%
1950 18,271 9.9%
1960 20,349 11.4%
1970 21,215 4.3%
1980 20,056 −5.5%
1990 17,753 −11.5%
2000 17,780 0.2%
Source: US Census Bureau

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 17,780 people, 7,462 households, and 4,805 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,987.5 people per square mile (1,153.8/km²). There were 8,042 housing units at an average density of 1,351.3/sq mi (521.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.37% White, 1.85% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 7,462 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. Some 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,688, and the median income for a family was $37,463. Males had a median income of $32,624 versus $20,554 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,587. About 10.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Other attractions

Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame building.
  • Nine of the eleven largest high school gyms in the United States are in Indiana. The largest of these is the New Castle Fieldhouse at Chrysler High School. The fieldhouse has a capacity of 9,325.The fieldhouse is notable for a 1961 State Sectional Game between New Castle and Lewisville (now part of South Henry School Corporation) in which the fans attending the game were snowed in.The next morning food was delivered to the Fieldhouse by a local bakery and a church service was piped into the gym. The gym has also played host to the 2006 Indiana Class 3A Basketball Champs and the 2007 Class 4A Volleyball Champions [5]
  • New Castle is home to the Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame located near New Castle Chrysler High School.
  • Next to New Castle Chrysler High School is a Native American mound dated to approximately 2000 BP. This mound contains depressions which align to sunrise/sunset during the equinoxes as well as aligning with depressions in similar mounds tens of miles away.

Famous residents

References

External links

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Simple English

City of New Castle
—  City  —
Coordinates: 39°55′25″N 85°21′54″W / 39.92361°N 85.365°W / 39.92361; -85.365
Country United States
State Indiana
County Henry
Settled 1822
Government
 - Mayor Jim Small (R)
Area
 - Total 5.9 sq mi (15.4 km2)
 - Land 5.9 sq mi (15.4 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation 1,070 ft (326 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 17,780
 Density 2,987.5/sq mi (1,153.8/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47362
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-52740[1]
GNIS feature ID 0440031[2]
Website www.cityofnewcastle.net/

New Castle is a city in Henry County, Indiana, 44 miles (71 km) east of Indianapolis, on the Big Blue River. In 1900, 3,406 people lived in the town; in 1910, 9,446; in 1920, 14,458; and in 1940, 16,620. The population was 17,780 in 2000. The city is the county seat of Henry County. New Castle is home to New Castle Fieldhouse, the largest high school gymnasium in the world.

References

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