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The title of New Martyr or Neomartyr (Greek: νεο, neo, the prefix for "new"; and μάρτυς, martys, "witness") of the Eastern Orthodox Church was originally given to martyrs who died under heretical rulers (the original martyrs being under pagans). Later the Church added to the list those martyred under Islam and various modern regimes, especially Communist ones, which espoused militant atheism. Officially, the era of the New Martyrs begins with the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Among those commemorated are not only those who gave their lives in martyrdom, but also those who are accounted as confessors for the Orthodox Faith.

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New Martyrs under Ottoman rule

In the Orthodox Church, the third Sunday after Pentecost is known as the "Commemoration of All New Martyrs of the Turkish Yoke."

New Martyrs under Atheistic Communist rule

Russian icon depicting the martyrdom and burial of St. Vladimir (Bogoiavlensikii), Metropolitan of Kiev, Protomartyr of the Communist Yoke.

In the Russian Orthodox Church, the Sunday closest to January 25 (February 7 on the Gregorian Calendar) is the "Sunday of the Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia." The date of January 25 was chosen because that was the date in 1918 of the martyrdom of St. Vladimir (Bogoiavlensikii), Metropolitan of Kiev, who is referred to as the "Protomartyr of the communist yoke in Russia."

Serbian New Martyrs

The feast of "All New Martyrs of Serbia" is celebrated on June 15 (June 28 on the Gregorian calendar).

New Martyrs of the Boxer Rebellion

June 11 (June 24 on the Gregorian Calendar) is celebrated as the feast of the "New Martyrs of China Slain During the Boxer Rebellion"

Other New Martyrs

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Of Ecumenism

See also

Sources

  • Derived with permission from New Martyrs at OrthodoxWiki.
  • Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity, 341-43
  • Vaporis, Rev. Nomikos Michael. Witnesses for Christ: Orthodox Christian Neomartyrs of the Ottoman Period 1437-1860

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