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New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner
Map of New Orleans Metropolitan Area

Common name: New Orleans Metropolitan Area
Largest city New Orleans
Other cities Kenner
Metairie (unincorporated)
Population  Ranked 46th in the U.S.
 - Total 1,167,294 (2008)[1][2]
 - Density 311/sq. mi. 
120/km²
Area 3,755.2 sq. mi.
9,726.6 km²
State(s)  Louisiana
Elevation   
 - Highest point feet ( m)
 - Lowest point feet ( m)

New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner is a metropolitan area designated by the United States Census encompassing seven parishes (the Louisiana equivalent of other states' counties) in the state of Louisiana, centering on the city of New Orleans. As of the July 1, 2008 estimate, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) had a population of 1.17 million; the combined statistical area (CSA), which adds Washington Parish, had a population of 1.18 million; and the ten-parish area (including Tangipahoa and St. James Parishes) used by GNO, Inc.[1] (the regional chamber of commerce) had a population of 1.32 million.[1]

The metropolitan area was hit by Hurricane Katrina - a Category 3 storm at landfall - in August 2005. Within the city of New Orleans proper, multiple breaches and structural failures occurred in the system of levees and floodwalls designed under federal government auspices. The resulting decline in the city's population negatively impacted population numbers for the entire metro area, for which a population of 1.3 million was recorded in the 2000 Census. Most of the decline in population to 1.17 million is accounted for by the decline in population experienced in the city of New Orleans proper (coterminous with Orleans Parish); the Census Bureau estimates that the city's population dropped from 453,728 prior to the storm (July 1, 2005) to 336,644 at the most recent estimate for 2008.[2]

Contents

Parishes

For U.S. Census purposes, this MSA includes seven parishes: Jefferson, Orleans (coterminous with the city of New Orleans), Plaquemines, St. Bernard, St. Tammany, St. Charles, and St. John the Baptist. The Census Bureau's CSA (combined statistical area) adds Washington.

The New Orleans region's chamber of commerce, GNO, Inc.[2] (formerly Metrovision) includes the eight parishes of the Census Bureau's CSA plus St. James and Tangipahoa. This wider 10-parish region had a population of 1.32 million as of July 1, 2008.[1]

The Louisiana state legislature created a commission, the Regional Planning Commission, to be responsible for the planning and development of the New Orleans metropolitan area. The parishes covered by the commission are: Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard, and St. Tammany. Additionally, St. Charles and St. John the Baptist are associate members of the Regional Planning Commission.

The Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette has designated the New Orleans metropolitan area as the Greater New Orleans region[3] This region includes four parishes: Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines and St. Bernard.

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History

The New Orleans metropolitan area was first defined in 1950. Then known as the New Orleans Standard Metropolitan Area (New Orleans SMA), it consisted of three parishes - Orleans, Jefferson, and St. Bernard - and had a population of 685,405.[3][4] Following a term change by the Bureau of the Budget (present-day Office of Management and Budget), the New Orleans SMA became the New Orleans Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (New Orleans SMSA).[5] By the census of 1960, the population had grown to 868,480, a 27% increase over the previous census.[4]

St. Tammany Parish was added the New Orleans SMSA in 1963.[6] The four-parish area had a combined population of 899,123 in 1960 and 1,045,809 in 1970.[4] By the 1980 census, the population had increased by 14% to 1,187,073.[4] In 1983, the official name was shortened to the New Orleans Metropolitan Statistical Area (New Orleans MSA).[5] Two more parishes, St. Charles and St. John the Baptist, were added to the MSA that same year.[7] The newly defined area had a total of 1,256,256 residents in 1980, but that number had declined to 1,238,816 in 1990.[4]

The New Orleans MSA expanded to eight parishes in 1993 with the inclusion of Plaquemines and St. James.[8] The eight-parish area had a combined population of 1,285,270 at the 1990 census and 1,337,726 in 2000.

The MSA was renamed the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area in 2003. St. James Parish was removed from the defined metropolitan area. A total of 1,316,510 people lived in the seven-parishes of Greater New Orleans in 2000.

The City of Kenner is the largest incorporated city located in Jefferson Parish, just west of the City of New Orleans.

Geographic Terms

In the New Orleans metropolitan area, the following geographic terms are used: East Bank, West Bank, "Northshore" or North Shore, and River Parishes.

"East Bank" and "West Bank"

The Mississippi River, running from north to south, divides the United States into eastern and western halves. In southeast Louisiana, though, newcomers are frequently confused by the terms "East Bank" and "West Bank" since, due to the curves of the Mississippi River, what is called the "East Bank" is sometimes located to the geographic west of what is called the "West Bank" and vice versa. The banks also lie to the north and south of the river at some points. In southeast Louisiana, the term "East Bank" is often used to refer to any area that lies in the eastern half of the United States, as established by its location on that side of the Mississippi River, while the term "West Bank" is often used to refer to areas along the opposite side of the river. These terms are used in urban, suburban and rural parishes that are bisected by the Mississippi River, which include St. John the Baptist, St. Charles, Jefferson, Orleans and Plaquemines.

In the New Orleans metropolitan area, the term "East Bank" is a blanket term used to refer to all portions of metropolitan New Orleans south of Lake Pontchartrain and situated on the "eastern" bank of the river, while the term "West Bank" is used to refer to all portions of metropolitan New Orleans south of Lake Pontchartrain and situated on the "western" bank of the river. Somewhat peversely, while New Orleanians would never describe a neighborhood as being located north or south of the river, the West Bank is, in actual fact, as a whole located to the south of the Mississippi River, while the East Bank as a whole is located to the north — and is itself wedged between the Mississippi River and the southern shore of Lake Pontchartrain (the East Bank's northern boundary). The majority of the population of metropolitan New Orleans resides on the East Bank.

The East Bank of metropolitan New Orleans includes the East Bank of Jefferson Parish (including the suburbs of Metairie, Kenner, River Ridge, Harahan, Elmwood, and Jefferson) and the East Bank of Orleans Parish (including the majority of the city of New Orleans). Further down the Mississippi River are those suburbs of New Orleans that are located in St. Bernard Parish, which include Arabi, Chalmette, and Meraux (and, also, Violet and Poydras). All of St. Bernard Parish is located east of the river, extending from the eastern bank of the river back into the marshlands.

The West Bank of suburban New Orleans includes the West Bank of Jefferson Parish (including the suburbs of Waggaman, Avondale, Bridge City, Westwego, Marrero, Harvey, Gretna, Terrytown, Estelle, Timberlane, and Woodmere) and the West Bank of Orleans Parish (including the New Orleans communities of Algiers and English Turn). Further down the Mississippi River is the suburb of Belle Chasse, which is located on the West Bank of Plaquemines Parish. Plaquemines Parish both encompasses and is bisected by the final leg of the Mississippi River before it enters the Gulf of Mexico (downriver from Belle Chasse, Plaquemines Parish has numerous rural communities scattered along both banks of the river, but none of these communities have a population greater than 5,000).

"Northshore"

The term "Northshore" or "North Shore" refers to areas that lie on the northern shore of Lake Pontchartrain and includes St. Tammany Parish. The Northshore includes the communities of Mandeville, Covington, Madisonville, Abita Springs, Lacombe, Eden Isle and Slidell. Hammond and Ponchatoula, in Tangipahoa Parish, and Bogalusa and Franklinton, in Washington Parish, are also considered to have economic ties to Greater New Orleans although those parishes are frequently not included in the statistics for the New Orleans Metropolitan Area. The Northshore region is also part of the Florida Parishes, dating back to the time when the Spanish territory known as Florida extended westward all the way to the Mississippi River, including portions of what are now Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. St. Tammany Parish is the most affluent parish in metropolitan New Orleans and is also the most politically conservative.

"River Parishes"

The term "River Parishes" refers to those parishes along the Mississippi River between New Orleans and Baton Rouge. The two River Parishes nearest to New Orleans are St. Charles (including the cities of Destrehan, Luling, St. Rose and Hahnville) and St. John the Baptist (including the cities of Laplace and Reserve).

Cities and census designated places

Principal city

Satellite Cities (Places with over 50,000 inhabitants)

Places between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants

Places with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,316,510 people, 498,537 households, and 335,531 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 57.42% White, 37.35% African American, 0.38% Native American, 2.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.44% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $38,880, and the median income for a family was $44,771. Males had a median income of $36,759 versus $23,927 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $18,126.

Combined Statistical Area

Location of the New Orleans-Metairie-Bogalusa CSA and its components:      New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area      Bogalusa Micropolitan Statistical Area

The New Orleans–Metairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is made up of eight parishes. The statistical area includes one metropolitan area and one micropolitan area. As of the 2000 Census, the CSA had a population of 1,360,436 (though a July 1, 2008 estimate placed the population at 1,179,459).[1]

Components

  • Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)
    • New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner (Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard, St. Charles, St. John the Baptist, and St. Tammany parishes)

Demographics

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,360,436 people, 515,054 households, and 347,173 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 57.74% White, 37.17% African American, 0.37% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.32% of the population.

The median income for a household in the CSA was $37,053, and the median income for a family was $42,860. Males had a median income of $35,659 versus $23,150 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $17,474.

Transportation

Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport is located to the west of downtown, in the city of Kenner. The airport is currently served by eight airlines.[10] Domestic nonstop service is provided to Atlanta, Baltimore, Birmingham, Boston, Charlotte, Chicago (O'Hare and Midway), Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dallas (DFW and Love Field), Denver, Detroit, Ft. Lauderdale, Houston (Bush Intercontinental and Hobby), Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Minneapolis, Nashville, New York (JFK, LaGuardia and Newark), Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Salt Lake City, St. Louis, Tampa, and Washington DC (Reagan National and Dulles). AeroMéxico offers nonstop international service to Mexico City, with continuing service to San Pedro Sula, Honduras.[11]

Major highways in the area include Interstate 10, Interstate 12, Interstate 610, Interstate 310, Interstate 510, Interstate 55, Interstate 59 as well as U.S. Highway 90 and U.S. Highway 61. The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, a 24-mile span that is the world's longest bridge over water, connects Metairie to Mandeville on the North Shore.

Metropolitan New Orleans is served by all six Class 1 freight railroads operating in North America.[12] Passenger train service is provided by Amtrak on the Crescent, City of New Orleans and Sunset Limited routes.

The Port of New Orleans is the 3rd-largest port in the United States, as measured by total bulk tonnage exported.[13] According to the same source, the adjoining Port of South Louisiana is the largest port in the United States when measured by the same yardstick.

Should metropolitan New Orleans appear to be threatened by a severe hurricane, the Louisiana State Police are prepared to enact a contraflow lane reversal program in order to evacuate the metropolitan area as quickly as possible.

Flood Control

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for the design and construction of Greater New Orleans' flood protection system. In 2007, Louisiana voters created a new Southeast Louisiana Flood Protection Authority (SLFPA) to coordinate with the Corps of Engineers regarding flood protection issues.

see also:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2008-01-22.xls
  2. ^ a b http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/2000s/vintage_2008/08s_challenges.html
  3. ^ "Standard Metropolitan Areas (SMAs) and Components" (TXT). Standard Metropolitan Areas defined by the Bureau of the Budget, October 13, 1950. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2000-12-14. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/50mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Louisiana - Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 1995-03-27. http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/la190090.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  5. ^ a b "About Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/aboutmetro.html. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  6. ^ "Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) and Components, 1963" (TXT). Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas defined by Office of Management and Budget, October 18, 1963. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2000-10-25. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/63mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  7. ^ "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1983" (TXT). Metropolitan Areas defined by Office of Management and Budget, June 27, 1983. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2001-03-01. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/83mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  8. ^ "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1993" (TXT). Metropolitan areas defined by Office of Management and Budget, June 30, 1993. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 1999-04-01. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/93mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  9. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - "Airline Information". Retrieved on 2009-06-13.
  11. ^ Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - "Flight Schedules and Info". Retrieved on 2009-06-13.
  12. ^ Greater New Orleans, Inc. : Regional Economic Alliance. Retrieved on 2009-06-13.
  13. ^ Ports in Louisiana: New Orleans, South Louisiana, and Baton Rouge. Retrieved on 2009-06-12.

External links


New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

Common name: New Orleans Metropolitan Area
Largest city New Orleans
Other cities Kenner
Metairie (unincorporated)
Population  Ranked 46th in the U.S.
 - Total 1,235,650 (2010)[1][2][3]
 - Density 311/sq. mi. 
120/km²
Area 3,755.2 sq. mi.
9,726.6 km²
State(s)  Louisiana
Elevation   
 - Highest point <200 feet ( m)
 - Lowest point -7 feet ( m)

New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner, also called the Greater New Orleans Area is a metropolitan area designated by the United States Census encompassing seven parishes (the Louisiana equivalent of other states' counties) in the state of Louisiana, centering on the city of New Orleans. As of the July 1, 2008 estimate, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) had a population of 1.17 million; the combined statistical area (CSA), which adds Washington Parish, had a population of 1.18 million; and the ten-parish area (including Tangipahoa and St. James Parishes) used by GNO, Inc.[1] (the regional chamber of commerce) had a population of 1.32 million.[2] The metropolitan area was hit by Hurricane Katrina - once a Category 5 but a Category 3 storm at landfall - in August 2005. Within the city of New Orleans proper, multiple breaches and structural failures occurred in the system of levees and floodwalls designed under federal government auspices. The resulting decline in the city's population negatively impacted population numbers for the entire metro area, for which a population of 1.3 million was recorded in the 2000 Census. Most of the decline in population to 1.17 million is accounted for by the decline in population experienced in the city of New Orleans proper (coterminous with Orleans Parish); the Census Bureau estimates that the city's population dropped from 453,728 prior to the storm (July 1, 2005) to 336,644 at the most recent estimate for 2008.[3]

Contents

Parishes

For U.S. Census purposes, this MSA includes seven parishes: Jefferson, Orleans (coterminous with the city of New Orleans), Plaquemines, St. Bernard, St. Tammany, St. Charles, and St. John the Baptist. The Census Bureau's CSA (combined statistical area) adds Washington.

The New Orleans region's chamber of commerce, GNO, Inc.[2] (formerly Metrovision) includes the eight parishes of the Census Bureau's CSA plus St. James and Tangipahoa. This wider 10-parish region had a population of 1.32 million as of July 1, 2008. The Louisiana state legislature created a commission, the Regional Planning Commission, to be responsible for the planning and development of the New Orleans metropolitan area. The parishes covered by the commission are: Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard, and St. Tammany. Additionally, St. Charles and St. John the Baptist are associate members of the Regional Planning Commission.


The Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette has designated the New Orleans metropolitan area as the Greater New Orleans region[3] This region includes four parishes: Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines and St. Bernard.

History

The New Orleans metropolitan area was first defined in 1950. Then known as the New Orleans Standard Metropolitan Area (New Orleans SMA), it consisted of three parishes - Orleans, Jefferson, and St. Bernard - and had a population of 685,405.[4][5] Following a term change by the Bureau of the Budget (present-day Office of Management and Budget), the New Orleans SMA became the New Orleans Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (New Orleans SMSA).[6] By the census of 1960, the population had grown to 868,480, a 27% increase over the previous census.[5]

St. Tammany Parish was added the New Orleans SMSA in 1963.[7] The four-parish area had a combined population of 899,123 in 1960 and 1,045,809 in 1970.[5] By the 1980 census, the population had increased by 14% to 1,187,073.[5] In 1983, the official name was shortened to the New Orleans Metropolitan Statistical Area (New Orleans MSA).[6] Two more parishes, St. Charles and St. John the Baptist, were added to the MSA that same year.[8] The newly defined area had a total of 1,256,256 residents in 1980, but that number had declined to 1,238,816 in 1990.[5] [File:Madisonville Louisiana waterfront west side north from LA 22 |thumb|left|480px|Madisonville's colorful waterfront, viewed here looking north from the drawbridge on LA 22, features outdoor dining along the Tchefuncte River estuary. The New Orleans MSA expanded to eight parishes in 1993 with the inclusion of Plaquemines and St. James.[9] The eight-parish area had a combined population of 1,285,270 at the 1990 census and 1,337,726 in 2000.

The MSA was renamed the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area in 2003. St. James Parish was removed from the defined metropolitan area. A total of 1,316,510 people lived in the seven-parishes of Greater New Orleans in 2000.

The City of Kenner is the largest incorporated city located in Jefferson Parish, just west of the City of New Orleans

Geographic Terms

In the New Orleans metropolitan area, the following geographic terms are used: East Bank, West Bank, "Northshore" or North Shore, and River Parishes.

"East Bank" and "West Bank"

The Mississippi River, running from north to south, divides the United States into eastern and western halves. In southeast Louisiana, though, newcomers are frequently confused by the terms "East Bank" and "West Bank" since, due to the curves of the Mississippi River, what is called the "East Bank" is sometimes located geographically to the west of what is called the "West Bank" and vice versa. The banks also lie to the north and south of the river throughout most of the region. In southeast Louisiana, the term "East Bank" is often used to refer to any area that lies on the eastern half of the United States, as established by its location on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River, while the term "West Bank" is often used to refer to areas along the opposite side of the river. These terms are used in urban, suburban and rural parishes that are bisected by the Mississippi River, which include St. John the Baptist, St. Charles, Jefferson, Orleans and Plaquemines. , and battlefield monument.]] In the New Orleans metropolitan area, the term "East Bank" is a blanket term used to refer to all portions of metropolitan New Orleans south of Lake Pontchartrain and situated on the "eastern" bank of the river, while the term "West Bank" is used to refer to all portions of metropolitan New Orleans south of Lake Pontchartrain and situated on the "western" bank of the river. Somewhat peversely, while New Orleanians would never describe a neighborhood as being located north or south of the river, the Westbank is, in actual fact, as a whole located to the south of the Mississippi River, while the East Bank as a whole is located to the north — and is itself wedged between the Mississippi River and the southern shore of Lake Pontchartrain (the East Bank's northern boundary). The majority of the population of metropolitan New Orleans resides on the Eastbank.

The Eastbank of Greater New Orleans includes all of Jefferson Parish (including the suburbs of Metairie, Kenner, River Ridge, Harahan, Elmwood, and Jefferson) that lies on the eastern bank of the river and most of Orleans Parish (including the majority of the city of New Orleans). Also, further down the Mississippi River are those suburbs of New Orleans that are located in St. Bernard Parish, which include Arabi, Chalmette, and Meraux (and, also, Violet and Poydras). All of St. Bernard Parish is located east of the river, extending from the eastern bank of the river back into the marshlands.

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[[File:|1000px|alt=|The City of New Orleans & the Mississippi River]]
The City of New Orleans & the Mississippi River

The Westbank of suburban New Orleans includes the all of Jefferson Parish (including the suburbs of Waggaman, Avondale, Bridge City, Nine Mile Point, Westwego, Marrero, Harvey, Gretna, Terrytown, Jean Lafitte, Lafitte, Crown Point, Barataria, Estelle, Timberlane, and Woodmere) that lies on the western bank of the river and a portion of Orleans Parish (including the New Orleans communities of Algiers and English Turn). Further down the Mississippi River is the suburb of Belle Chasse, which is located on the West Bank of Plaquemines Parish. Plaquemines Parish both encompasses and is bisected by the final leg of the Mississippi River before it enters the Gulf of Mexico (downriver from Belle Chasse, Plaquemines Parish has numerous rural communities scattered along both banks of the river, but none of these communities have a population greater than 5,000). It should be noted that the terms "Eastbank" and "Westbank" are spelled as one word in local/official terminology when being applied to the Greater New Orleans area.

"Northshore"

The term "Northshore" or "North Shore" refers to areas that lie on the northern shore of Lake Pontchartrain and includes St. Tammany Parish. The Northshore includes the communities of Mandeville, Covington, Madisonville, Abita Springs, Lacombe, Eden Isle and Slidell. Hammond and Ponchatoula, in Tangipahoa Parish, and Bogalusa and Franklinton, in Washington Parish, are also considered to have economic ties to Greater New Orleans although those parishes are frequently not included in the statistics for the New Orleans Metropolitan Area. The Northshore region is also part of the Florida Parishes, dating back to the time when the Spanish territory known as Florida extended westward all the way to the Mississippi River, including portions of what are now Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. St. Tammany Parish is the most affluent parish in metropolitan New Orleans and is also the most politically conservative.

File:Mandeville Our Lady of the Lake front
Our Lady of the Lake Roman Catholic Church

"River Parishes"

The term "River Parishes" refers to those parishes along the Mississippi River between New Orleans and Baton Rouge. The two River Parishes nearest to New Orleans are St. Charles (including the cities of Destrehan, Luling, St. Rose and Hahnville) and St. John the Baptist (including the cities of Laplace and Reserve).

Cities and census designated places

Principal city

Satellite Cities (Places with over 50,000 inhabitants)

Places between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants

Places with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants

Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,316,510 people, 498,537 households, and 335,531 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 57.42% White, 37.35% African American, 0.38% Native American, 2.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.44% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $38,880, and the median income for a family was $44,771. Males had a median income of $36,759 versus $23,927 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $18,126.

Combined Statistical Area

The New Orleans–Metairie–Bogalusa Combined Statistical Area (CSA) is made up of eight parishes. The statistical area includes one metropolitan area and one micropolitan area. As of the 2000 Census, the CSA had a population of 1,360,436 (though a July 1, 2008 estimate placed the population at 1,179,459).[2]

Components

  • Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)
    • New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner (Jefferson, Orleans, Plaquemines, St. Bernard, St. Charles, St. John the Baptist, and St. Tammany parishes)

Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,360,436 people, 515,054 households, and 347,173 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 57.74% White, 37.17% African American, 0.37% Native American, 2.10% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.32% of the population.

The median income for a household in the CSA was $37,053, and the median income for a family was $42,860. Males had a median income of $35,659 versus $23,150 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $17,474.

Transportation

Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport is located to the west of downtown, in the city of Kenner. The airport is currently served by eight airlines.[11] Domestic nonstop service is provided to Atlanta, Baltimore, Birmingham, Boston, Charlotte, Chicago (O'Hare and Midway), Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dallas (DFW and Love Field), Denver, Detroit, Ft. Lauderdale, Houston (Bush Intercontinental and Hobby), Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Miami, Minneapolis, Nashville, New York (JFK, LaGuardia and Newark), Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Salt Lake City, St. Louis, Tampa, and Washington DC (Reagan National and Dulles). AeroMéxico offers nonstop international service to Mexico City, with continuing service to San Pedro Sula, Honduras.[12]

Major highways in the area include Interstate 10, Interstate 12, Interstate 610, Interstate 310, Interstate 510, Interstate 55, Interstate 59 as well as U.S. Highway 90 and U.S. Highway 61. The Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, a 24-mile span that is the world's longest bridge over water, connects Metairie to Mandeville on the North Shore.

Metropolitan New Orleans is served by all six Class 1 freight railroads operating in North America.[13] Passenger train service is provided by Amtrak on the Crescent, City of New Orleans and Sunset Limited routes.

The Port of New Orleans is the 3rd-largest port in the United States, as measured by total bulk tonnage exported.[14] According to the same source, the adjoining Port of South Louisiana is the largest port in the United States when measured by the same yardstick.

Should metropolitan New Orleans appear to be threatened by a severe hurricane, the Louisiana State Police are prepared to enact a contraflow lane reversal program in order to evacuate the metropolitan area as quickly as possible.

Flood Control

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is responsible for the design and construction of Greater New Orleans' flood protection system. In 2007, Louisiana voters created a new Southeast Louisiana Flood Protection Authority (SLFPA) to coordinate with the Corps of Engineers regarding flood protection issues. see also:

See also

File:New Orleans, New Orleans portal

References

  1. ^ "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-01)" (CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2010-03-23. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2009/CBSA-EST2009-01.csv. Retrieved 2010-03-26. 
  2. ^ a b c http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2008-01-22.xls
  3. ^ a b http://www.census.gov/popest/archives/2000s/vintage_2008/08s_challenges.html
  4. ^ "Standard Metropolitan Areas (SMAs) and Components" (TXT). Standard Metropolitan Areas defined by the Bureau of the Budget, October 13, 1950. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2000-12-14. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/50mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Louisiana - Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 1995-03-27. http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/la190090.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  6. ^ a b "About Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/aboutmetro.html. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  7. ^ "Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) and Components, 1963" (TXT). Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas defined by Office of Management and Budget, October 18, 1963. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2000-10-25. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/63mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  8. ^ "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1983" (TXT). Metropolitan Areas defined by Office of Management and Budget, June 27, 1983. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2001-03-01. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/83mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  9. ^ "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1993" (TXT). Metropolitan areas defined by Office of Management and Budget, June 30, 1993. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 1999-04-01. http://www.census.gov/population/www/metroareas/lists/historical/93mfips.txt. Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  10. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - "Airline Information". Retrieved on 2009-06-13.
  12. ^ Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport - "Flight Schedules and Info". Retrieved on 2009-06-13.
  13. ^ Greater New Orleans, Inc. : Regional Economic Alliance. Retrieved on 2009-06-13.
  14. ^ Ports in Louisiana: New Orleans, South Louisiana, and Baton Rouge. Retrieved on 2009-06-12.

External links


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