New Philadelphia, Ohio: Wikis

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New Philadelphia, Ohio
—  City  —
High Street in downtown New Philadelphia in 2006
Location of New Philadelphia, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°29′22″N 81°26′50″W / 40.48944°N 81.44722°W / 40.48944; -81.44722
Country United States
State Ohio
County Tuscarawas
Government
 - Mayor Mike Taylor
Area
 - Total 7.9 sq mi (20.6 km2)
 - Land 7.8 sq mi (20.2 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation [1] 906 ft (276 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 17,056
 - Density 2,188.0/sq mi (844.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44663
Area code(s) 330
FIPS code 39-55216[2]
GNIS feature ID 1065105[1]
Website http://www.newphilaoh.com/

New Philadelphia is a city in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, United States, 71 miles south of Cleveland on the Tuscarawas River. It was first incorporated in 1808. Coal and clay are found in the vicinity. In the past, mining interests and the manufacturing of steel, canned goods, roofing tile, sewer pipe, bricks, vacuum cleaners, stovepipes, carriages, flour, brooms, and pressed, stamped, and enameled goods occupied the people. In 1900, 6,213 people lived here; in 1910 8,542; in 1920, 10,718; and in 1940, 12,328 people lived here. The population was 17,056 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Tuscarawas County[3].

Contents

History

From the Ohio Historical Society page on Schoenbrunn (linked below): The Moravian Church founded Schoenbrunn ("beautiful spring") in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians. The settlement grew to include sixty dwellings and more than 300 inhabitants who drew up Ohio's first civil code and built its first Christian church and schoolhouse.

Problems associated with the American Revolution prompted Schoenbrunn's closing in 1777. Schoenbrunn's story features a rare meeting of Indian and European cultures and a fascinating perspective on the American Revolution.

Reconstructed village of Schoenbrunn

Today the reconstructed village in eastern New Philadelphia includes seventeen log buildings, gardens, the original mission cemetery, and a museum and visitor center. The site also includes natural areas and picnic facilities. Agriculture was a significant part of life for German immigrants. They farmed potatoes, blueberries and were a large manure center in the 1800s.

In the 1970s playwright Paul Green wrote a masterpiece called Trumpet in the Land. It was the story depicting the life and massacre of 90 Christian Indians in Gnadenhutten.

Geography

New Philadelphia is located at 40°29′22″N 81°26′50″W / 40.48944°N 81.44722°W / 40.48944; -81.44722 (40.489411, -81.447324),[4] along the Tuscarawas River.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.6 km²), of which, 7.8 square miles (20.2 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (1.76%) is water.

Layout

New Philadelphia was based on the design of Philadelphia. The two main streets in the city are High Avenue and Broadway, both of which are in Philadelphia, except that High Avenue has been renamed Market Street in Philadelphia.

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Boulevard

The main way to get to Dover is through 4th St NW which is renamed the Boulevard in Dover. The street features 4-lane streets, and medians in between, even though U-turns are illegal in Ohio. Right before Dover it opens ups and features a Wendys, McDonalds, Arby's, and Burger King.

Demographics

The Tuscarawas County Courthouse in New Philadelphia in 2006

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 17,056 people, 7,338 households, and 4,659 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,188.0 people per square mile (844.3/km²). There were 7,796 housing units at an average density of 1,000.1/sq mi (385.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.89% White, 0.97% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.

There were 7,338 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,235, and the median income for a family was $42,896. Males had a median income of $32,157 versus $20,363 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,745. About 7.7% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Hispanic immigration

Since the mid 90's, Tuscarawas, Holmes, Stark, and Wayne Counties experienced a significant Hispanic immigration, led by recruitment at area chicken processing plants. One plant, Case Farms in Winesburg, maintained an employment of 525. In December 2000, it reduced its work force to 168. The Hispanic workforce diversified to other area plants, and Hispanic immigration has continued. Recent Hispanic immigrants have been predominantly Guatemalan. Principally from Huehuetenango, Totonicapán and El Quiche in Guatemala, the immigrants often speak native Mayan languages including K'ichee', Awakateko, Q'anjob'al and Mam. Most speak Spanish as a second language. Some are learning English with local volunteer tutors.

Tuscora Park

Tuscora Park in New Philadelphia features a carousel, Ferris wheel, and other rides.

Tuscora Park is a municipal park that features a carousel, Ferris wheel, train and other rides, along with miniature golf and batting cages. Tuscora Park was originally built as a project of the Works Progress Administration; original stone work gates, paths and retaining walls still adorn the park. The park is now the home of the Park Place Teen Center, a facility for high school students that provides entertainment of all types. It hosts the annual First Town Days that recall New Philadelphia's history as the first European settlement in Ohio. The fair runs on the weekend closest to the Fourth of July and includes a Grand Parade and fireworks display.

Around 1940, New Philadelphia purchased the Herschell-Spillman carousel secondhand. It is a rare all-wooden carousel. It includes 36 carved wooden jumping horses, two chariots and 428 individual lights. The center panels are adorned with 14 original oil paintings. Music is provided by a Wurlitzer-style 153-band calliope. The carousel is 40 feet in diameter and weighs 10 tons. It was manufactured in 1928 by the Spillman Manufacturing Company of North Tonawanda, New York. David Miller is well-known for his 40 years of service on the Tuscora Park Carousel.

The company that manages Tuscora Park is a non-profit, RTY Inc. The organization frequently hires high school and college students to operate rides and sell tickets.

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.

External links


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