New Roads, Louisiana: Wikis

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City of New Roads
City
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Pointe Coupee
Elevation 30 ft (9.1 m)
Coordinates 30°41′47″N 91°26′20″W / 30.69639°N 91.43889°W / 30.69639; -91.43889
Area 4.6 sq mi (11.9 km2)
 - land 4.6 sq mi (12 km2)
 - water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%
Population 4,997 (2000)
Density 1,091.8 /sq mi (421.5 /km2)
Mayor Thomas "Tommy" Nelson
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 70760
Area code 225
Location of New Roads in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Website: http://www.newroads.net

New Roads (historically French: Poste-de-Pointe-Coupée[1]) is a city in and the parish seat of Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana, United States.[2] The center of population of Louisiana is located in New Roads [1]. The population was 4,996 at the 2000 census. The city's zip code is 70760. It is part of the Baton Rouge Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Establishment

Le Poste de Pointe Coupée (The Pointe Coupee Post) is one of the oldest communities in the Mississippi Valley. The Post was founded in the 1720s by French coming from France. The Post was located upstream from the point crossed by the explorers, immediately above but not circled by False River. The name was linked to the area along the Mississippi northeast of what is now New Roads. The Post was settled by French coming from France and French Creoles as well as Africans coming from the French West Indies (Guadeloupe, Martinique and Santo Domingo, the west part of Hispaniola -Saint Domingue in French), later by French coming from Paris (like the family Provost) via Fort de Chartres, IL.

In 1768/69 15 French families (among others the families Provost and Nezat, Pierre Nezat coming from Layrac, France) left the Pointe Coupee Post and settled in the Attakapas Post (today St Martinville, LA). The Post was later settled by African-Americans, Anglo-Saxons and Italians. Around 1776 a "Chemin Neuf," French for "New Road", was built connecting the Mississippi River with False River, a 22-mile (35 km) long oxbow lake and formerly the main channel of the Mississippi. The Post became New Roads. In 1822, streets were opened and lots created at the False River terminus of the new road. Since its founding, New Roads has been the hub of an agricultural community focused on the production of sugar cane, cotton, pecans and other crops. Today, the economy is enhanced by industries, retail establishments, restaurants and lodging enterprises, five banks and modern health care and nursing facilities.

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Commandants of Pointe Coupee (1729-1762)

  • 1729: Chevalier Henri du Loubois
  • 1734-38: Claude Joseph de Favrot
  • 1738-1742: Jean Louis Richard de la Houssaye
  • 1742-1744: Claude Joseph de Favrot
  • 1744-1753: Jean Joseph Delfau de Pontalba
  • 1753: Chevalier Morliere
  • 1753-1756: Francois Artaud
  • 1756-1759: Pierre Benoist, Sieur Payen de Noyan de Chavoy
  • 1759-1762: Jean Louis Richard de la Houssaye

Personalities

Pointe Coupee was home to Julien de Lallande Poydras, a merchant, planter, poet, statesman, banker and philanthropist who helped establish the state's first public schools in Pointe Coupee in the early 1800s. He likewise endowed a trust fund to provide impoverished brides with dowries in Pointe Coupee and West Baton Rouge Parishes. Visitors will find his grave on the grounds of the old Poydras School on Main Street in New Roads, now a museum and cultural center established by the Pointe Coupee Historical Society.

James Ryder Randall, an English professor who has written the poem "Maryland, My Maryland" in April 1861, at nearby Poydras College on False River. The poem was later put to music. The site is still known as Randall Oak, though the school was destroyed by fire in 1881. The poem is now Maryland's official state song.

Maj. Gen. John Archer LeJeune of U.S. Marines fame;

Ernest J. Gaines, African fiction writer, writer-in-residence at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette;

U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne Boggs, known as Lindy Boggs;

Former New Orleans Mayor De Lesseps Story Morrison;

Paul Raymond Smith, sheriff of Pointe Coupee Parish from 1996-2008. He was defeated by Beauregard Torres, III, known as Bud Torres.

Modern Attractions

New Roads hosts the oldest Mardi Gras celebration in Louisiana outside New Orleans each Shrove Tuesday. The town's first recorded Mardi Gras ball was staged in 1881 and its first-known parade rolled in 1897. Today, as many as 80,000 people converge on the hospitable Creole town for family-friendly parades. Unlike the exclusivity of krewe parades in New Orleans and elsewhere, New Roads' parades are civic events, open to public participation. The Community Center Carnival parade, founded in 1922 and the state's oldest outside New Orleans, rolls at 11 a.m. The New Roads Lions Carnival parade, founded in 1941 and which is staged as a charitable fundraiser, rolls at 1:30 p.m. Each consists of as many as 30 floats built and manned by local schools, churches, clubs, businesses and families, as well as eight-ten marching bands and drill units.

New Roads' narrow, tree-lined streets include outstanding examples of 19th century Creole and Victorian architecture. Particularly Main Street, Poydras Street, Pennsylvania Avenue, and North Carolina Avenue. Tourist attractions include Satterfield's Riverwalk and Restaurant, the Pointe Coupee Parish Courthouse and Gen. John Archer LeJeune Monument, St. Mary's Catholic Church and Cemetery, the Julien Poydras Monument and Museum (old Poydras High School, Morrison Parkway located next to False River, numerous fine dining and shopping opportunities as well as beautiful views and boating on False River.

Many historical Creole plantation homes dating from the late 18th and early 19th centuries line False River, including Parlange, River Lake, North Bend, Mon Coeur, Austerlitz, Pleasant View, among others.

Over the last decade, new upscale subdivisions and retail establishments have been built along False River Drive between the area known as "Millionaire Row" near Oscar, Louisiana and New Roads.

The city is home to Catholic High School of Pointe Coupee,Catholic Elementary of Pointe Coupee and False River Academy. There are also two former high schools located in New Roads: Poydras High School and Rosenwald High School (formerly New Roads High School).

Geography

New Roads is located at 30°41′47″N 91°26′20″W / 30.69639°N 91.43889°W / 30.69639; -91.43889 (30.696305, -91.438980)[3] and has an elevation of 30 feet (9.1 m)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles (11.8 km²), all of it land.

Gradually sloping from a high of 36 feet (11 m) above sea level on Main Street immediately adjacent to False River to a low of 25 feet (7.6 m) along Portage Canal in the north, the city lies on a Mississippi River flood-plain but has never flooded to any great extent since 1912. Levee breaks or "crevasses" on the Mississippi River to the north and east overbanked False River and submerged all of New Roads in 1867, 1882 and 1884. The 1882 flood was the most severe, with four feet on water standing in Main Street during the height of the crises. During the floods of 1912 and 1927, however, the southern portion of the town, including the main business district, remained dry, as the flood waters to the north and east were held back by the Texas & Pacific Railroad embankment.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 4,966 people, 1,818 households, and 1,243 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,091.8 people per square mile (421.4/km²). There were 2,044 housing units at an average density of 449.4/sq mi (173.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 38.99% White, 59.32% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 1,818 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 23.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 82.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,583, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $32,679 versus $20,547 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,840. About 23.6% of families and 30.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.3% of those under age 18 and 22.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

In 1978 Trina Olinde Scott becomes New Roads' first female mayor. Current Major Thomas (Tommy) Nelson Jr.

References

Further reading

  • The Nezat and Allied Families 1630-2007 Lulu 2007 ISBN 978-2-9528339-2-9, ISBN 978-0-6151-5001-7 Jack Claude Nezat

External links


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