New York's 12th congressional district: Wikis

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New York's 12th congressional district
New York District 12 109th US Congress.png
Current Representative Nydia Velázquez (D)
Population (2000) 654,360
Median income $29,195
Ethnicity 39.5% White, 10.9% Black, 16.0% Asian, 48.5% Hispanic, 0.7% Native American, 4.6% other
Cook PVI D+33

New York's 12th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City. It includes parts of Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. It includes the Queens neighborhoods of Maspeth, Ridgewood, and Woodside, the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Bushwick, Greenpoint, Red Hook, Brooklyn Heights, Sunset Park, and Williamsburg and part of Manhattan’s Lower East Side and East Village. It has been represented by Democrat Nydia Velazquez since 1993.

Contents

Voting

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2008 President Obama 86 - 13%
2004 President Kerry 80 - 19%
2000 President Gore 77 - 15%

Components: Past and Present

1993-present:

Parts of Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens

1945-1993:

Parts of Brooklyn

1913-1945:

Parts of Manhattan

Representatives

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1803 - 1813: One seat

Representative Party Years District home Note
District created 1803
David Thomas Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 – May 1, 1808 redistricted from 7th district, resigned after becoming New York State Treasurer
Vacant May 1, 1808 – June 3, 1808
Nathan Wilson Democratic-Republican June 3, 1808 – March 3, 1809
Erastus Root Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 – March 3, 1811
Arunah Metcalf Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 – March 3, 1813

1813 - 1823: Two seats

From 1813 to 1823, two seats were apportioned to the second district, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Seat A

Representative Party Years District home Note
Zebulon R. Shipherd Federalist March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815
vacant March 3, 1815 – June 17, 1815
Asa Adgate Democratic-Republican June 17, 1815 – March 3, 1817 elected to seat after death of Benjamin Pond who expired before beginning of term
John Palmer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 – March 3, 1819
Ezra C. Gross Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1821
Reuben H. Walworth Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 – March 3, 1823

Seat B

Representative Party Years District home Note
Elisha I. Winter Federalist March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815
John Savage Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819
Nathaniel Pitcher Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1823

1823 - present: One seat

Representative Party Years District home Note
Lewis Eaton Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
William Dietz Jacksonian March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1827
John I. De Graff Jacksonian March 4, 1827 – March 3, 1829
Peter I. Borst Jacksonian March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Joseph Bouck Jacksonian March 4, 1831 – March 3, 1833
Henry C. Martindale Anti-Masonic March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835
David Abel Russell Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837
Whig March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1841
Bernard Blair Whig March 4, 1841 – June 20, 1843
David L. Seymour Democratic March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845
Richard P. Herrick Whig March 4, 1845 – June 20, 1846 died
Vacant June 20, 1846 – December 7, 1846
Thomas C. Ripley Whig December 7, 1846 – March 3, 1847
Gideon Reynolds Whig March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1851
David L. Seymour Democratic March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853
Gilbert Dean Democratic March 4, 1853 – July 3, 1854 redistricted from 8th district, resigned after appointment as justice to Supreme Court of New York
Vacant July 3, 1854 – November 7, 1854
Isaac Teller Whig November 7, 1854 – March 3, 1855
Killian Miller Opposition March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1857
John Thompson Republican March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1859
Charles Lewis Beale Republican March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1861
Stephen Baker Republican March 4, 1861 – March 3, 1863
Homer A. Nelson Democratic March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865
John H. Ketcham Republican March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1873
Charles St. John Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 redistricted from 11th district
Nathaniel H. Odell Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
Clarkson Nott Potter Democratic March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1879
Waldo Hutchins Democratic November 4, 1879 – March 3, 1885 elected to replace Rep-elect Alexander Smith who died before being seated
Abraham Dowdney Democratic March 4, 1885 – December 10, 1886 died
Vacant December 10, 1886 – March 4, 1887
William Bourke Cockran Democratic March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889
Roswell P. Flower Democratic March 4, 1889 – September 16, 1891 resigned after being elected as Governor of New York
Vacant September 16, 1891 – November 3, 1891
Joseph J. Little Democratic November 3, 1891 – March 3, 1893
William Bourke Cockran Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895 redistricted from 10th district
George B. McClellan, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1895 – December 21, 1903 resigned on election as Mayor of New York City
Vacant December 21, 1903 – February 23, 1904
William Bourke Cockran Democratic February 23, 1904 – March 3, 1909
Michael F. Conry Democratic March 4, 1909 – March 3, 1913 redistricted to 15th district
Henry M. Goldfogle Democratic March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915 redistricted from 9th district
Meyer London Socialist March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1919
Henry M. Goldfogle Democratic March 4, 1919 – March 3, 1921
Meyer London Socialist March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923
Samuel Dickstein Democratic March 4, 1923 – January 3, 1945 redistricted to 19th district
John J. Rooney Democratic January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1953 redistricted from 4th district, redistricted to 14th district
Francis E. Dorn Republican January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1961
Hugh L. Carey Democratic January 3, 1961 – January 3, 1963 redistricted to 15th district
Edna F. Kelly Democratic January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1969 redistricted from 10th district
Shirley Chisholm Democratic January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1983
Major R. Owens Democratic January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1993 redistricted to 11th district
Nydia Velazquez Democratic January 3, 1993 – present incumbent

The 12th District was historically a Brooklyn district. In the 1960s, it was realigned to include majority African American neighborhoods such as Bedford-Stuyvesant in Central Brooklyn. Up to 1992 it was the central Brooklyn district now held by Yvette Clarke (and formerly by Major Owens), and then remapped to include Hispanic neighborhoods in lower Manhattan and Queens.

Election results

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 2006: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 62,847 89.7 +3.4
Republican Allan Romaguera 7,182 10.3 -3.4
Majority 55,665 79.5 +7.0
Turnout 70,029 100 -44.0
US House election, 2004: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 107,796 86.3 -9.5
Republican Paul A. Rodriguez 17,166 13.7 +13.7
Majority 90,630 72.5 -19.1
Turnout 124,962 100 +147.3
US House election, 2002: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 48,408 95.8 +8.7
Conservative Cesar Estevez 2,119 4.2 +3.3
Majority 46,289 91.6 +14.7
Turnout 50,527 100 -49.0
US House election, 2000: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 86,288 87.1 +3.5
Republican Rosemary Markgraf 10,052 10.1 -1.5
Socialist Paul Pederson 1,025 1.0 +1.0
Right to Life Mildred Rosario 865 0.9 +0.9
Conservative Cesar Estevez 850 0.9 -1.7
Majority 76,236 76.9 +4.9
Turnout 99,080 100 +55.5
US House election, 1998: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 53,269 83.6 -1.0
Republican Rosemary Markgraf 7,405 11.6 -2.0
Conservative Angel Diaz 1,632 2.6 +2.6
Liberal Hector Cortes, Jr. 1,400 2.2 +2.2
Majority 45,864 72.0 +1.0
Turnout 63,706 100 -12.9
US House election, 1996: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 61,913 84.6
Republican Miguel I. Prado 9,978 13.6
Socialist Workers Eleanor Garcia 1,283 1.8
Majority 51,935 71.0
Turnout 73,174 100

References


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