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New York's 23rd congressional district: Wikis

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New York's 23rd congressional district
New York District 23 109th US Congress.png
Current Representative Bill Owens (D)
Population (2000) 654,360
Median income $35,434
Ethnicity 93.8% White, 2.7% Black, 0.6% Asian, 2.1% Hispanic, 0.9% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI R+1

The 23rd Congressional District of New York is New York's northernmost congressional district for the United States House of Representatives. The district includes all or parts of Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida, Oswego and St. Lawrence counties. It includes the cities of Ogdensburg, Oswego, Plattsburgh and Watertown. The district includes most of the Adirondack Mountains and the Thousand Islands region, and borders Canada to the north.

It is currently represented by Democrat Bill Owens of Plattsburgh.

The special election for this seat in November 2009 gained national attention when several national Republican leaders endorsed Conservative candidate Doug Hoffman over Republican nominee Dede Scozzafava. A few days before the election Scozzafava dropped out and endorsed Democrat Bill Owens, who went on to win the seat with a 48.7% plurality.

Contents

Components: past and present

1913–1919
Parts of Manhattan
1919–1969
Parts of The Bronx
1969–1971
Parts of The Bronx, Manhattan
1971–1973
Parts of The Bronx
1973–1983
Parts of The Bronx, Westchester
1983–1993
All of Albany, Schenectady
Parts of Montgomery, Rensselaer
1993–2003
All of Chenango, Madison, Oneida, Otsego
Parts of Broome, Delaware, Herkimer, Montgomery, Schoharie
2003–present
All of Clinton, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oswego, St. Lawrence
Parts of Essex, Fulton, Oneida

Various New York districts have been numbered "23" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York.

Representatives

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1823 - 1833: one seat

Representative Party Years District home Note
District created March 4, 1823
Elisha Litchfield Crawford DR March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 19th district
Luther Badger Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jonas Earll, Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
Freeborn G. Jewett Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833

1833 - 1843: two seats

From 1833 to 1843, two seats were apportioned, elected at large on a general ticket.

Seat A

Representative Party Years District home Note
William K. Fuller Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Bennet Bicknell Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Nehemiah H. Earll Democratic December 3, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Victory Birdseye Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843

Seat B

Representative Party Years District home Note
William Taylor Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Edward Rogers Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
A. Lawrence Foster Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843

1843 - present: one seat

Representative Party Years District home Note
Orville Robinson Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
William J. Hough Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
William Duer Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
Leander Babcock Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Caleb Lyon Independent March 4, 1853 –
February 27, 1855
William A. Gilbert Opposition March 4, 1855 –
February 27, 1857
Resigned
Vacant February 27, 1857 –
March 4, 1857
Charles B. Hoard Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
Ambrose W. Clark Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Redistricted to the 20th district
Thomas Treadwell Davis Unionist March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Dennis McCarthy Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
R. Holland Duell Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Redistricted to the 24th district
William E. Lansing Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Redistricted from the 22nd district
Scott Lord Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
William J. Bacon Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
Cyrus D. Prescott Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
John T. Spriggs Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
James S. Sherman Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
Henry W. Bentley Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
John M. Wever Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Redistricted from the 21st district
Wallace T. Foote, Jr. Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
Louis W. Emerson Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1903
George N. Southwick Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1911
Redistricted from the 20th district
Henry S. De Forest Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
Joseph A. Goulden Democratic March 4, 1913 –
May 3, 1915
Died
Vacant May 3, 1915 –
November 2, 1915
William S. Bennet Republican November 2, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
Daniel C. Oliver Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 4, 1919
Richard F. McKiniry Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 4, 1921
Albert B. Rossdale Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Frank A. Oliver Democratic March 4, 1923 –
June 18, 1934
Resigned after being appointed justice of the Court of Special Sessions
Vacant June 18, 1934 –
January 3, 1935
Charles A. Buckley Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted to the 25th district
Walter A. Lynch Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
Redistricted from the 22nd district
Sidney A. Fine Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted to the 22nd district
Isidore Dollinger Democratic January 3, 1953 –
December 31, 1959
Redistricted from the 24th district,
Resigned
Vacant January 1, 1960 –
March 7, 1960
Jacob H. Gilbert Democratic March 8, 1960 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 22nd district
Charles A. Buckley Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
Redistricted from the 24th district
Jonathan B. Bingham Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted to the 22nd district
Peter A. Peyser Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
Redistricted from the 25th district
Bruce F. Caputo Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1979
Peter A. Peyser Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1983
Samuel S. Stratton Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1989
Schenectady Redistricted from the 28th district
Michael R. McNulty Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1993
Green Island Redistricted to the 21st district
Sherwood Boehlert Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
New Hartford Redistricted from the 25th district,
Redistricted to the 24th district
John M. McHugh Republican January 3, 2003 –
September 21, 2009
Pierrepont Manor Redistricted from the 24th district
Resigned to become Secretary of the Army
Vacant September 21, 2009 –
November 6, 2009
See New York's 23rd congressional district special election, 2009, held November 3, 2009
Bill Owens Democratic November 6, 2009 - Present Plattsburgh

Recent election results

In New York, there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties often endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes.

US House election, 1996: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 124,626 64.3
Democratic Bruce W. Hapanowicz 50,436 26.0
Independence Thomas E. Loughlin, Jr. 10,835 5.6
Right to Life William Tapley 7,790 4.0
Majority 74,190 38.3
Turnout 193,687
US House election, 1998: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 111,242 80.8 +16.5
Conservative David Vickers 26,493 19.2 +19.2
Majority 84,749 61.5 +23.2
Turnout 137,735 -28.9
US House election, 2000: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 124,132 60.5 -20.3
Conservative David Vickers 42,854 20.9 +1.7
Democratic Richard W. Englebrecht 38,049 18.6 +18.6
Majority 81,278 39.6 -21.9
Turnout 205,535 +48.9
US House election, 2002: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 124,682 100 +39.5
Majority 124,682 100 +61.4
Turnout 124,682 -39.2
US House election, 2004: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 160,079 70.7 -29.3
Democratic Robert J. Johnson 66,448 29.3 +29.3
Majority 93,631 41.3 -59.7
Turnout 226,527 +81.7
US House election, 2006: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 106,781 63.1 -7.6
Democratic Robert J. Johnson 62,318 36.9 +7.6
Majority 44,463 26.3 -15.0
Turnout 169,099 -25.4
US House election, 2008: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 129,991 65.3 +2.2
Democratic Michael P. Oot 69,112 34.7 -2.2
Majority 60,879 30.6
Turnout 199,103 +17.7
New York's 23rd congressional district special election, 2009
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Bill Owens 73,137 48.3 +14.0
Conservative Doug Hoffman 69,553 46.0 +25.1 (2000)
Republican Dede Scozzafava
(withdrew, but still on the ballot)[1]
8,582 5.7 -59.6
Majority 3,584 2.4 -28.2
Turnout 151,272 -24.0

Results from 2009 are available | here

Scozzafava dropped out of the race just prior to the election and endorsed Democrat Bill Owens. These results were not certified by the New York State Board of Elections until December 15th, 2009.

In most of the geographic area that now makes up NY-23, Owens is the first Democrat to be elected since the 19th century. The district has only been in its current form since 2003, due to repeated reapportionment and renumbering of districts. A large portion of the district—including the largest city, Watertown—has not been represented by a Democrat since the 1850's. In parts of the current 23rd district, for example Franklin county, the last non-Republican representative was a Whig, George A. Simmons, elected in 1852 in what was then NY-16.[2]

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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