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New York Herald
New York Herald Building 1895; demolished 1921 .jpg
New York Herald Building (1895) by architect Stanford White was demolished in 1921.
Type Daily newspaper
Format Tabloid
Publisher James Gordon Bennett, Sr.
James Gordon Bennett, Jr.
Founded 1835
Ceased publication 1924
Headquarters Manhattan
Circulation 84,000 (1861)
Political cartoon from The New York Herald, February 22, 1909. Illustration shows Uncle Sam, George Washington, and Theodore Roosevelt welcoming the Great White Fleet as it returns to home port at Hampton Roads, Virginia.

The New York Herald was a large distribution newspaper based in New York City that existed between May 6, 1835 and 1924.

History

The first issue of the paper was published by James Gordon Bennett, Sr. (1795–1872). During the American Civil War, it was a staunch supporter of the Democratic Party. Under Bennett's son, James Gordon Bennett, Jr. (1841–1918), the paper financed Henry Morton Stanley's expeditions into Africa to find David Livingstone and to Stanley's trans-Africa exploration, and in 1879 supported the ill-fated expedition of George W. DeLong to the arctic region.

In 1861, it circulated 84,000 copies and called itself "the most largely circulated journal in the world." [1] Bennett's politics tended to be anti-Catholic and he had tended to favor the "Know-Nothing faction though he was not particularly anti-immigrant as they were.

He stated that the function of a newspaper "is not to instruct but to startle."[2]

On October 4, 1887, Bennett Jr. launched the Herald 's European edition in Paris, France. Following Bennett Jr's move to Paris, the New York Herald suffered from his attempt to manage its operation in New York by telegram. In 1924, after Bennett Jr.'s death, the New York Herald was acquired by its smaller rival, the New York Tribune, to form the New York Herald Tribune. In 1959, the New York Herald Tribune and its European edition were sold to John Hay Whitney, then the U.S. ambassador to Britain. In 1966 the New York paper ceased publication. The Washington Post and the New York Times acquired joint control of the European edition, renaming it the International Herald Tribune. Today, the IHT, now owned entirely by the New York Times, remains an English language paper, printed at 35 sites around the world and for sale in more than 180 countries.

When the Herald was still under the authority of its original publisher Bennett, it was considered to be the most invasive and sensationalist of the leading New York papers at the time. Its ability to entertain the public with timely daily news made it the leading circulation paper of its time.

Commemorated

New York's Herald Square is named after the New York Herald newspaper; in the north side of the square there is a sculpture commemorating the Bennetts. North of Herald Square is Times Square, which is named after rival The New York Times.

NYHerald.com is an unaffiliated online newspaper with the same name.[3]

References

  1. ^ Sandburg, Carl (1942). Storm Over the Land. Harcourt, Brace and Company.   pg. 87
  2. ^ Sandburg, Carl (1942). Storm Over the Land. Harcourt, Brace and Company.  
  3. ^ New York Herald (Unaffiliated)
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Simple English

The New York Herald was a daily newspaper based in New York City. The paper was circulated from 1835 and 1924. The first issue of the paper was published by James Gordon Bennett, Sr. on May 6, 1835. By 1845, it was the most popular and most bought daily newspaper in the United States. In 1861, it had sold about 84,000 copies and called itself "the most largely circulated journal in the world." Bennett said that the point of newspapers "is not to instruct but to startle." Bennett's politics, which influenced the articles in the Herald, tended to be anti-Catholic, but he was not particularly anti-immigrant as like most people who did not like the Catholics in New York at the time. During the American Civil War, it was a staunch supporter of the Democratic Party. When the Herald was still controlled by Bennett, it was considered to be the most sensationalist of the leading New York papers at the time.


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