New York State Police: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New York State Police
Abbreviation NYSP
NY - State Police.png
Patch of the New York State Police.
NY - State Police Logo.png
Logo of the New York State Police.
NY - State Police Badge.png
Badge of the New York State Police.
Motto Obedience to Law is Liberty
Agency overview
Formed April 11, 1917
Employees 5,572 (as of 2004) [1]
Annual budget $727,000,000.00 (2009-10)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of New York, United States
NYSP - Troop Map.jpg
NYSP Troops
Size 54,556 sq. mi.
Population 19.4 Million
Legal jurisdiction New York
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Albany, New York
Troopers 4,667 (as of 2004) [1]
Civilians 905 (as of 2004) [1]
Agency executive Harry J. Corbitt, Superintendent
Facilities
Troops 12
Website
Official Site
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The New York State Police (NYSP) is the state police force of 4,600 sworn Troopers for the state of New York. It was established on April 11, 1917 by the New York Legislature, in response to the 1913 murder of a construction foreman named Sam Howell in Westchester County, which at that time did not have a local police department.

Contents

History

The department's first superintendent was George Fletcher Chandler, who was responsible for much of the department's early organization and development. Chandler coined the term "New York State Troopers" and was an early advocate of officers carrying their weapons exposed on a belt, which was not common practice at the time.[2] They are responsible for protecting the Governor of New York and the Lieutenant Governor of New York.

Present time

The current superintendent of the New York State Police is Harry J. Corbitt. Corbitt, who was nominated by current New York State Governor David Paterson, replaced acting superintendent Preston Felton. Felton had replaced the retired Wayne E. Bennett. Corbitt announced his resignation on March 2, 2010, amid controversy. The interem Superintendent has also steped down citing unease among labor unions. Two superintendents have now steped down from the state police in the last 6 days.

Structure and organization

The NYSP divides New York state geographically into ten "Troops," each comprising a specific geographic area, usually several counties. Each is supervised by a "Troop Commander" usually of the rank of Major.

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Troops of the New York State Police

[3]

  • Troop A - Counties: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Niagara, Orleans & Wyoming
  • Troop B - Counties: Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Hamilton and St. Lawrence
  • Troop C - Counties: Broome, Chenango, Cortland, Delaware, Otsego, Tioga and Tompkins
  • Troop D - Counties: Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oneida, Onondaga and Oswego
  • Troop E - Counties: Cayuga, Chemung, Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Wayne and Yates
  • Troop F - Counties: Greene, Orange, Rockland, Sullivan and Ulster
  • Troop G - Counties: Albany, Fulton, Hamilton, Montgomery, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Warren and Washington
  • Troop H - Headquarters Troop (Albany) and Legislative Branch Offices
  • Troop K - Counties: Columbia, Dutchess, Putnam and Westchester
  • Troop L - Counties: Nassau and Suffolk
  • Troop NYC - Counties: Bronx, Kings, New York, Richmond, and Queens
  • Troop T - New York State Thruway and the Erie Canal System

Each Troop encompasses 2-4 "Zones" which are referred to simply by a Zone number. There are up to several "sub-stations" located within each zone. A patrol car number will contain the Troop and Zone identification. Example: car 1A30 would be a patrol car in Zone 1 of Troop A.

Demographics[4]

  • Male: 92%
  • Female: 8%
  • White: 89%
  • African-American/Black: 4%
  • Hispanic: 6%

Uniforms

Trooper uniforms are made of grey wool, with the exception of the gore-tex jacket. Prior to 1958, uniforms (shirts, jackets and britches) were not grey, but made of equal parts white fiber and black fiber to symbolize the impartiality of justice. Like a U.S. Flag, trooper uniforms are burned when no longer serviceable. The black stripe down the leg of the trouser is worn in remembrance of fallen comrades. The purple color of the tie and hat band represents an elite, and is similar to those worn by the Praetorian Guard.[5]

Rank insignias

Title Insignia
Superintendent
US-O8 insignia.svg
First Deputy Superintendent
US-O7 insignia.svg
Deputy Superintendent/Colonel
US-O6 insignia.svg
Assistant Deputy Superintendent/Lieutenant Colonel
US-O5 insignia.svg
Staff Inspector (plainclothes)
Blank.jpg
Major
US-O4 insignia.svg
Captain
US-O3 insignia.svg
Lieutenant
US-OF1A.svg
Technical Lieutenant
US-OF1B.svg
Chief Technical Sergeant
NYSP Chief Technical Sergeant Stripes.png
Staff Sergeant
NYSP Staff Sergeant Stripes.png
First Sergeant
NYSP First Sergeant Stripes.png
Senior Investigator (plainclothes)
Blank.jpg
Zone Sergeant
NYSP Zone Sergeant Stripes.png
Sergeant Station Commander
NYSP Sergeant Station Commander Stripes.png
Technical Sergeant
NYSP Technical Sergeant Stripes.png
Sergeant
NYSP Sergeant Stripes.png
Investigator
Blank.jpg
Trooper
Blank.jpg

Chevrons are black on a gray background and are worn on the upper sleeves of both the shirt and the jacket. Rank insignia for Technical Lieutenant through Superintendent are worn on the collars of the shirt and the shoulders of the jacket.

Training

Recruits must complete a twenty-six week training academy prior to being appointed as a Trooper. The residential school is located at the NYSP Academy in Albany, New York. Recruits must then complete 10 weeks post academy field training with a trained field training officer (FTO) holding the rank of trooper prior to permanent troop assignment.

Service pistols

Officers of the New York State Police are issued the Glock 37 as the service pistol. The New York State Police previously used the Glock 17 from 1989 to 2007.[6] The Glock 37 was chosen after the shooting death of Trooper Andrew Sperr in Chemung County on March 1, 2006.[7]

Vehicles

The State Police's vehicle fleet is made up of Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors, Dodge Chargers, Chevrolet Tahoes, Chevrolet Camaros, Ford Mustangs, Ford Expeditions, and Harley Davidson motorcycles. All marked cars are painted dark blue with yellow reflective decals.[8]

Fallen officers

Since the establishment of the New York State Police, 116 officers have died in the line of duty. Notable deaths include:[9]

Officer Date of Death Details
Trooper Robert G. Dunning Sunday, June 14, 1987 Gunfire
Trooper Lawrence P. (Larry) Gleason Monday, February 11, 2002 Gunfire
Trooper Andrew J. (A.J.) Sperr Wednesday, March 1, 2006 Gunfire
Trooper Joseph Anthony Longobardo Sunday, September 3, 2006 Gunfire
Trooper David Brinkerhoff Wednesday, April 25, 2007 Gunfire (accidental)
Trooper David Lane Wednesday, November 4, 2009 Automobile accident
Trooper Jill Mattice Wednesday, January 20, 2010 Automobile Accident

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c USDOJ Statistics
  2. ^ NYSP site http://www.troopers.state.ny.us/Introduction/History/1917-1929/
  3. ^ NYSP site http://www.troopers.state.ny.us/Contact_Us/Troop_Information/
  4. ^ Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics, 2000: Data for Individual State and Local Agencies with 100 or More Officers
  5. ^ NYSP Uniform
  6. ^ New York State Police to Purchase New Glock Pistol
  7. ^ GunWeek.com
  8. ^ NYSP Vehicles
  9. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page

External links


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