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New York State Route 27 shield
NYS Route 27
Maintained by NYSDOT

Map of Long Island with NY 27 highlighted in red
Length: 120.58 mi[1] (194.05 km)
Formed: 1920s[2]
West end: I-278 in Brooklyn
Major
junctions:
Belt Pkwy Shield.svg Southern Pkwy in Howard Beach
I-678 / NY 878 in South Ozone Park
Belt Pkwy Shield.svg Southern Pkwy in Laurelton
Meadowbrook Pkwy Shield.svg Meadowbrook Pkwy in Freeport
Wantagh Pkwy Shield.svg Wantagh Pkwy in Wantagh
Robert Moses Cswy Shield.svg Robert Moses Cswy in West Islip
Southern Pkwy Shield.svgHeckscher Pkwy Shield.svg Southern/Heckscher in Islip Terrace
NY 24 in Hampton Bays
East end: Montauk Point State Park in Montauk
Counties: Kings, Queens, Nassau, Suffolk
Numbered highways in New York
< NY 26A NY 27A >
InterstateU.S.N.Y. (former) – Reference

New York State Route 27 (abbreviated NY 27) is an east–west 122.28-mile (196.79 km) long state highway extending from Interstate 278 in the New York City borough of Brooklyn to Montauk Point State Park on Long Island, New York, United States. Its two most prominent components are Sunrise Highway and Montauk Highway.

East of the interchange with the Heckscher State Parkway in Islip Terrace, NY 27 acts as the primary east–west highway on southern Long Island.

The entire route in Suffolk, Nassau, and Queens was designated by the New York State Senate as the POW/MIA Memorial Highway.

Every township on the South Shore is accessible through Sunrise Highway.

Contents

Route description

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New York City

Route 27 begins at Interstate 278 (Gowanus Expressway) in the New York City borough of Brooklyn and uses the Prospect Expressway to the end of the expressway, which continues south as Ocean Parkway. NY 27 makes its way east to Linden Boulevard via Caton Avenue. Eastbound traffic exits at Fifth Street and makes a left onto Caton Avenue, crossing over the Prospect Expressway, while westbound NY 27 turns south on Coney Island Avenue and west on Church Avenue to meet the expressway's south end. Eastbound trucks are directed to exit earlier, at 10th Avenue, and take McDonald Avenue south to Caton Avenue.

Linden Boulevard enters Queens and merges into Conduit Avenue. Conduit Avenue soon splits as frontage roads for the Belt Parkway, running east past the north end of John F. Kennedy International Airport. Near the city line, the Belt Parkway turns north, and NY 27 becomes the Sunrise Highway.

Sunrise Highway

The Sunrise Highway begins in eastern Queens as a six to eight lane arterial. It heads east into Nassau County, passing through Valley Stream and Rockville Centre on its way to Merrick, where it connects to the Meadowbrook State Parkway by way of an interchange. NY 27 continues into Suffolk County, where it veers to the northeast to bypass Copiague to the north. At an interchange with NY 109 in West Babylon, the Sunrise Highway becomes a six-lane expressway with two two-lane service roads. The route continues on, meeting the Robert Moses Causeway near West Islip. In East Patchogue, New York, the highway is reduced to a four-lane expressway after the NY 112 exit. Between County Route 16 in Brookhaven and CR 46 in Shirley, the median is lined with pine trees in front of South Haven County Park. The setting along these roads is similar to the one on the Southern State Parkway west of Belmont Lake State Park. The last exit that the Sunrise Highway has with a state highway is near Hampton Bays, where it meets NY 24.

The Shinnecock Squeeze

Until April 2008 Route 27 abruptly became a three-lane highway east of the Shinnecock Canal in Southampton. This has been called the "Shinnecock Squeeze". At this point, NY 27 becomes concurrent with County Road 39. The "squeezed" lane was the east bound where two lanes became one.

Sunrise Bridge over the Shinnecock Canal

In 2006 and 2007 Suffolk and Southampton officials began using traffic cones to adjust the lanes to accommodate peak travel in what was called the "traffic cone program." At the end of the 2007 summer, work began on adding another east bound lane to the North Sea Road. The construction snarled traffic on 39 and the LIRR added three trains each way going from Speonk to East Hampton during the construction.[3] The new eastbound lane opened in April 2008. The road is now a four-lane highway to just east of Southampton Village where it becomes a two-lane.

Montauk Highway

The Montauk Highway is name NY 27 carries from just east of Southampton by the Princess Diner to the east side of Montauk, New York where it becomes the Montauk Point State Parkway, a Robert Moses design leading to Montauk Point State Park. This entire section is two lanes wide, with the exception of some four-lane sections in hamlets and the village of East Hampton.

History

NY 27 was signed as early as 1926 on its current alignment (excluding realignments) from the New York City line to Amagansett. East of Amagansett, the modern routing of NY 27 was unnumbered.[2] Between 1926 and 1930, NY 27 was extended eastward to its current terminus at Montauk Point.[2][4] In December 1934, the route was extended west into New York City.[5] NY 27 followed Sunrise Highway, Linden Boulevard, and Flatbush Avenue to the Manhattan Bridge.[6] On January 1, 1970, NY 27 was rerouted to enter Manhattan by way of the Gowanus Expressway and the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel. It then followed West Street to the Holland Tunnel, where it ended at Interstate 78 and NY 9A.[7] This extension was never shown on maps,[8][9] and NY 27 was truncated to the interchange between the Gowanus and Prospect Expressways by 1981.[10]

The Montauk Highway was the original name for the route to the east end. The original Montauk Highway route has been designated New York State Route 27A and runs roughly a mile to the south of NY 27 for most of its length.

NY 27A once included what is now Suffolk County Routes 80 and 85, which assume the Montauk Highway name after NY 27A's eastern terminus at NY 27 in Oakdale. The interchange between NY 27 and NY 27A at this point is dubbed the "Oakdale Merge", and is known as a bottleneck for local traffic.

Sunrise Highway is built over the Brooklyn Waterworks aqueduct.[11]. Said aqueduct goes past the south side of Aqueduct Racetrack.

Older interchanges and crossings

Copiague

Plans to construct a cloverleaf interchange with Suffolk County Route 2 (Straight Path) have existed for some time. However, in recent years, planners have realized that such an interchange would be too close to the cloverleafs with Suffolk County Route 47 (Great Neck Road) to the west and Suffolk County Route 3 (Wellwood Road) to the east. To further complicate matters, a widened Suffolk County Route 28 was extended to Sunrise Highway near the Straight Path intersection in the late-1980s. No interchange has been built yet for this area.

West Islip

The original interchange with the Robert Moses Causeway had two parkway-style arch bridges over two lanes of NY 27. When the service roads were built in Western Islip Township between 1969 and 1972, parkway-style bridges were added for them as well.

The interchanges at Fifth Ave and Brentwood Road in Bay Shore had parkway-style arch bridges as well as cloverleafs. When the service roads were added, the parkway-style bridges were removed and replaced with more modern style structures that exist today. The original cloverleafs were modified to align with the new service roads

Islip Terrace

As with the interchanges to the west, Islip Avenue (New York State Route 111) and Carleton Avenue (Suffolk County Route 17) originally had parkway-style bridges crossing over Sunrise Highway. However, only Islip Ave had a partial clover leaf on the west side of the bridge. The eastern side of the bridge used side streets for access, as did both sides of the Carleton Ave bridge. This section of Sunrise Highway wasn't even divided. Since 1983, both have much more modern bridges over service roads, and the old cross streets connect to those service roads and other side roads instead. Islip Avenue connects to NY 27 at exit 45 while Carleton Avenue meets the Sunrise Highway at exit 46.

Patchogue area

While none of the interchanges north of Patchogue were built until the period between 1988 and 1993, the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) had known the need for them and planned them decades before their eventual construction.

  • Waverly Avenue (Suffolk County Route 19) was originally proposed as a cloverleaf interchange. Today, exit 52 with CR 19 is a diamond interchange instead.[12][13]
  • North Ocean Avenue (Suffolk County Route 83) was originally proposed to be accessible via connecting ramps to side streets such as Austin Avenue along the eastbound lane and Sinn Street along the westbound lane. Today, exit 53A is a half-diamond interchange while Austin Avenue and Howard Avenue are dead end streets. Sinn Street never reached North Ocean Avenue.
  • Maple Avenue crossed the median on NY 27 between North Ocean Avenue and NY 112 until 1975. This road could also have been used as potential connecting ramps to both roads. Today, the north section only intersects the westbound service road, while the south section was convered into a dead end street north of Austin Avenue.
  • New York State Route 112 was originally proposed to be accessible via connecting ramps to side streets such as Franklin Avenue along the eastbound lane[12] and an extension of Sinn Street along the westbound lane. Sinn Street was acquired by NYSDOT east of Route 112 in the early-1960s, and was gradually abandoned.[13] Today, exit 53 is a diamond interchange instead, and Sinn Street, Austin Avenue, and Franklin Avenue are dead end streets.
  • Washington Avenue and Phyllis Drive were also originally proposed to be accessible via connecting ramps to side streets such as Franklin Avenue along the eastbound lane and an extension of Sinn Street along the westbound lane. Phyllis Drive was actually part of NY 27 until Sunrise Highway was extended to Eastport in 1957.[13] Today, both roads are only accessible to the service roads. Some residents have been waiting for a potential pedestrian bridge connecting the two ends of Washington Avenue.

South Haven

West of the Carmans River near South Haven County Park, there was once a plan to combine the eastbound service road with Montauk Highway, in a similar manner to that of the Oakdale Merge.

The Atlantic Expressway

Robert Moses developed plans for an elevated expressway along Sunrise Highway through Nassau County which was to feature 10 to 12 lanes. The downtown villages along the route effectively put a stop to the idea. This expressway would have provided a truck link for the South Shore of Long Island.

East of the Shinnecock Canal

First proposals for an extension came in the 1950s. In 1969, the New York Legislature approved a $160 million plan for the extension for the limited access route to be flanked by bicycle and equestrian trails. The eastbound and westbound roadways were to be separated by wide wooded medians. For the most part, the road would have run a mile or two to the north of existing Route 27, thus avoiding the populated centers through which it now goes.

The exits would be:

  • EXIT 67: Suffolk County Road 39 (County Road) and Suffolk CR 38 (North Sea Road)
  • EXIT 68: Suffolk County Road 79 (Bridgehampton-Sag Harbor Road)
  • EXIT 69: New York State Route 114 (East Hampton-Sag Harbor Turnpike)
  • EXIT 70: Suffolk County Road 40 (Three Mile Harbor Road)
  • EXIT 71: Suffolk County Road 45 (Amagansett-Springs Road)
  • EXIT 72: existing New York State Route 27 (Montauk Highway)

The plan failed and Governor Hugh Carey cancelled it in 1975. Other suggestions have included building a limited access road on either side of the Long Island Rail Road Montauk Branch.

Former segments

Former segments include Old Sunrise Highway (NY 900D), between the western terminus of NY 27A in Massapequa and NY 110 in Amityville, and Suffolk County Route 36 (South Country Road) between East Patchogue, New York and Brookhaven, New York, which was part of Montauk Highway until July 19, 1932. This segment runs through the downtown section of the historic village of Bellport, New York.[2] Other old NY 27's include former segments of Montauk Highway and local streets that connected Sunrise and Montauk Highways such as Phyllis Drive in East Patchogue and Suffolk CR 51 in Eastport.

NY 27A

NY 27A

NY 27A (17.31 miles (27.86 km)[1]) is an alternate route of NY 27 across southern Long Island from Massapequa Park to Oakdale, accessing Babylon and Islip.

Major intersections

Brooklyn to Massapequa

County Location Mile[1] Roads intersected Notes
Kings Brooklyn 0.00 I-278 Exit 24 (I-278)
Queens Howard Beach 9.03 Belt Pkwy Shield.svg Southern Parkway Exit 17 (Belt Parkway)
South Ozone Park 11.51 I-678 / NY 878 Southern terminus of I-678; northern terminus of NY 878
Laurelton 14.71 Belt Pkwy Shield.svg Southern Parkway Exit 23B (Belt Parkway)
Nassau Freeport 23.89 Meadowbrook Pkwy Shield.svg Meadowbrook Parkway Exit M8 (MSP)
Wantagh 26.73 Wantagh Pkwy Shield.svg Wantagh Exit W5 (WSP)
Seaford 27.93 NY 135 Exit 2 (NY 135)
Massapequa 28.83 NY 107

Massapequa to Shinnecock Hills

County Location Mile[1] # Destinations Notes
Nassau Massapequa Park NY-27.svg NY 27 continues west as an at-grade highway.
31.04 NY 27A - Jamaica, West Amityville Western terminus of NY 27A
Suffolk Amityville 32.07 NY 110 - Amityville, Huntington
Copiague 32.94 Suffolk County Route 47 NY.svg CR 47 (Great Neck Road) - Copiague, Farmingdale
North Lindenhurst 34.17 Suffolk County Route 3 NY.svg CR 3 (Wellwood Avenue) Lindenhurst, Melville Pinelawn National Cemetery, North Exits
35.32 37 NY 109 - Babylon, Farmingdale
West Babylon 36.45 38 Little East Neck Road/Belmont Avenue
36.93 39 Hubbards Path
North Babylon 38.26 40 NY 231 - Babylon, Huntington
West Islip 39.75 41 Robert Moses Cswy Shield.svg Robert Moses Causeway - Robert Moses Park, Sunken Meadow Park Exit RM1 (RMC)
Brightwaters 42 Manor Lane Westbound exit, eastbound entrance
41.13 43 Suffolk County Route 13 NY.svg CR 13 (Fifth Avenue) - Bay Shore, Brentwood
Bay Shore 42.40 44 Brentwood Road - Brentwood, Bay Shore
Islip 44.06 45 NY 111 - Islip, Smithtown
East Islip 45.74 46 Suffolk County Route 17 NY.svg CR 17 (Carleton Avenue) - East Islip, Central Islip
Heckscher Pkwy Shield.svgSouthern Pkwy Shield.svg Heckscher Pkwy/Southern St. PkwyHeckscher State Park
Connetquot Avenue - Great River, Islandia
Exit 44 (SSP/HSP); eastern terminus of Southern State Parkway; western terminus of Heckscher State Parkway
47.41 46A NY-27A.svgSuffolk County Route 85 NY.svg NY 27A/CR 85 - Oakdale, Great River Eastbound exit only; eastern terminus of NY 27A; western terminus of CR 85.
Oakdale 47 Pond Road south Eastbound exit only
47A Oakdale-Bohemia Road - Bohemia, Oakdale Eastbound exit, westbound entrance
50.16 48 Locust Avenue - Bohemia, Oakdale
Bohemia 51.06 49 Suffolk County Route 93 NY.svg CR 93 (Lakeland Avenue) - Ronkonkoma, Sayville To Airport Sign.svg ISP Airport via Johnson Avenue
50A Johnson Avenue - Sayville, Bohemia Westbound exit only; to Airport Sign.svg ISP Airport; former routing of Suffolk County Route 112 NY.svg CR 112.
50 Lincoln Avenue - Ronkonkoma; Sayville Westbound exit only
Bayport 52.44 51 NY-454.svgSuffolk County Route 97 NY.svg NY 454/CR 97 (Nicolls Road) - Blue Point, Stony Brook No access to NY 454 eastbound; eastern terminus of NY 454; to Airport Sign.svg ISP Airport
Patchogue 54.07 52 Suffolk County Route 19 NY.svg CR 19 (Waverly Avenue) - Holbrook, Patchogue
54.82 52A Suffolk County Route 83 NY.svg CR 83 (North Ocean Avenue) - Mount Sinai, Patchogue Eastbound exit, westbound entrance
55.31 53 NY 112 (Medford Avenue) - Port Jefferson, Patchogue To Suffolk County Route 83 NY.svg CR 83 (North Ocean Avenue) (westbound NY 27)
56.72 54 Hospital Road - East Patchogue Hospital sign.svg Brookhaven Memorial Hospital
Bellport 57.48 55 Suffolk County Route 101 NY.svg CR 101 (Sills Road) - East Patchogue, Yaphank
58.42 56 Station Road - Bellport, Yaphank
Brookhaven 60.47 57N-S Suffolk County Route 21 NY.svg CR 21 (Yaphank Avenue) - Yaphank
Suffolk County Route 16 NY.svg CR 16 (Horse Block Road) - Farmingville, Ronkonkoma
Partial cloverleaf at Horse Block Road; east-to-south off-ramp and south-to-west on-ramp at Yaphank Avenue
Shirley 62.65 58N-S Suffolk County Route 46 NY.svg CR 46 (William Floyd Parkway) - Mastic Beach, Wading River Smith Point County Park - exit 58S; Airport Sign.svg Brookhaven Airport, Brookhaven National Laboratory - exit 58N
Moriches 66.35 59 Wading River Road - Wading River, Center Moriches Former routing of Suffolk County Route 25 NY.svg CR 25
67.28 60 Railroad Avenue - Chapman Boulevard, Center Moriches; Manorville Westbound exit, eastbound entrance
Eastport 69.60 61 Suffolk County Route 51 NY.svg CR 51 - East Moriches, Riverhead
Suffolk County Route 55 NY.svg CR 55 - Eastport, Manorville
Eastbound exit, westbound entrance
70.96 62 Suffolk County Route 111 NY.svg CR 111 - Manorville Formerly proposed Port Jefferson-Westhampton Beach Highway; originally planned as a cloverleaf interchange with collector/distributor roads
N of Quogue 75.47 63N-S Suffolk County Route 31 NY.svg CR 31 (Old Riverhead Road) - Westhampton Beach, Riverhead Airport Sign.svg FOK Airport - exit 63S
76.95 64N-S Suffolk County Route 104 NY.svg CR 104 - Quogue, Riverhead Former routing of NY-113.svg NY 113
Hampton Bays 81.15 65N-S NY 24 (Riverhead-Hampton Bays Road) - Hampton Bays, Riverhead
82.94 66 Suffolk County Route 39 NY.svg CR 39 (North Highway) - Shinnecock Canal Quarter-cloverleaf interchanges
NY-27.svg NY 27 continues east as an at-grade highway. NY-27.svg/Suffolk County Route 39 NY.svg CR 39 concurrency begins here and ends north of Montauk Highway.

Shinnecock Hills to Montauk

County Location Mile[1] Roads intersected Notes
Suffolk Village of East Hampton 100.17 NY 114 Southern terminus of NY 114
Montauk 120.58 Montauk Point State Park

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 25, 2008. pp. 152–153. https://www.nysdot.gov/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/NYSDOT_Traffic_Data_Report_2007.pdf. Retrieved February 10, 2008.  
  2. ^ a b c d Rand McNally. Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas [map]. (1926) Retrieved on October 16, 2007.
  3. ^ LIRR Adds Service On South Fork as Road Work on County Road 39 Begins - AP via 1010 WINS - September 18, 2007
  4. ^ Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". New York Times: p. 136.  
  5. ^ "Mark Ways in the City". New York Times. December 16, 1934.  
  6. ^ Sun Oil Company. Road Map & Historical Guide – New York [map]. Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. (1935)
  7. ^ State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970) (PDF). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State. http://www.greaternyroads.info/pdfs/state70.pdf. Retrieved May 24, 2009.  
  8. ^ Gulf. New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map [map]. Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. (1974)
  9. ^ Exxon. New York [map], 1977–78 edition. Cartography by General Drafting. (1977)
  10. ^ State of New York. I Love New York Tourism Map [map]. Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. (1981)
  11. ^ "EXCAVATING AND PIPE LAYING APPARATUS IN USE ON THE BROOKLYN AQUEDUCT". Scientific American. January 3, 1891. http://www.catskillarchive.com/rrextra/stbkaq.Html.  
  12. ^ a b [Town of Brookhaven Zoning Map; August 21, 2000(and earlier)]
  13. ^ a b c [Hagstrom's Atlas of Suffolk County, New York (1969, and other dates)]

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