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New York State Route 79 shield
NYS Route 79
Length: 93.33 mi[1] (150.20 km)
Formed: 1930[2]
West end: NY 414 in Hector
Major
junctions:
NY 13 / NY 34 / NY 96 in Ithaca
I-81 in Lisle
US 11 / NY 26 in Whitney Point
I-88 in Colesville
I-86 / NY 17 in Windsor village
East end: PA 92 at Windsor town
Counties: Schuyler, Tompkins, Tioga, Broome, Chenango
Numbered highways in New York
< NY 78 NY 80 >
InterstateU.S.N.Y. (former) – Reference

New York State Route 79 is an east–west state highway in the Southern Tier of New York, United States. The western terminus of the route is located at an intersection with NY 414 at the southern end of Seneca Lake in Watkins Glen. Its eastern terminus is located at the Pennsylvania state line in the town of Windsor in Broome County, where it connects to Pennsylvania Route 92. NY 79 passes through three regions; it starts in the Finger Lakes region, runs through Central New York and ends on the western fringes of the Catskills. The route is signed east–west, but from Whitney Point to the state line it runs in a north–south orientation.

Large portions of NY 79 are routed along waterways. Between Whitney Point and Chenango Forks, it runs along the eastern bank of the Tioughnioga River. From the town of Colesville to the Pennsylvania border, NY 79 runs along the western bank of the Susquehanna River. NY 79 also begins adjacent to Seneca Lake and passes near Cayuga Lake.

NY 79 serves the city of Ithaca and connects to three Interstate Highways: Interstate 81 (near Whitney Point), Interstate 86 (in the village of Windsor), and Interstate 88 (in Harpursville). The route also passes through the villages of Lisle and Burdett.

Contents

Route description

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Schuyler and Tompkins Counties

NY 79 begins at an intersection with NY 414 just north of the Watkins Glen city limits in the Schuyler County town of Hector. The route heads north, climbing the side of the large bluff that lines the eastern edge of Seneca Lake. At the top of the hill, NY 79 serves the village of Burdett and becomes Main Street. As it passes through the village, NY 79 turns eastward and dons the name Lake Avenue. East of Burdett, the route travels through the hamlet of Bennettsburg prior to intersecting NY 227. While NY 227 heads north to serve Reynoldsville, NY 79 continues east to Mecklenburg, the site of its junction with NY 228.

East of Mecklenburg, NY 79 passes into Tompkins County and the town of Enfield. As Mecklenburg Road, it heads eastward through rolling farmland and hills toward the city of Ithaca. It intersects NY 327 during this stretch. As NY 79 approaches downtown Ithaca, it becomes Hector Street and veers to the northeast, then to the southeast as it descends another hill surrounding a lake, this time Cayuga Lake. At the base of the hill, the route crosses the Cayuga Inlet and enters downtown, where it splits into a one-way couplet along State Street (eastbound) and Seneca Street (westbound). NY 79 eastbound shifts one block south at Fulton Street (NY 13, NY 34, and NY 96 southbound) to use Green Street. The one-way couplet ends at Aurora Street as Green and Seneca Streets merge into East State Street. NY 79 follows State Street southeastward through eastern Ithaca into the town of Ithaca.

The portion of NY 79 east of the city limits is markedly more rural in nature. It heads southeastward as Slaterville Road through the towns of Ithaca, Dryden, and Caroline, serving several small communities along the route. NY 79 crosses into Tioga County upon passing over the west branch of Owego Creek.

Tioga, Broome, and Chenango Counties

NY 79's stay in Tioga County is wholly confined to the town of Richford. The routing of NY 79 in Richford is hilly and heavily rural, with the one exception being at NY 79's junction with NY 38 in the hamlet of Richford. The route heads into Broome County, where it meets U.S. Route 11 in the town of Lisle just east of the Lisle village limits. NY 79 joins US 11 southward along the Tioughnioga River to a partial interchange with Interstate 81 at exit 8. The overlap continues to Whitney Point, a village situated at the confluence of the Tioughnioga and Otselic Rivers. In the village, NY 79 leaves US 11 in favor of a short overlap with NY 26 across the Tioughnioga River. On the opposite bank, NY 26 and NY 79 split at a junction that also features NY 206.

South of Whitney Point, NY 79 continues southeast along the Tioughnioga River to the vicinity of Chenango Forks, where it intersects NY 12. It briefly joins NY 12 along the banks of the Chenango River, then crosses the river and enters the town of Fenton. About 3 miles (4.8 km), NY 79 veers into Chenango County for just under 1 mile (1.6 km) before reentering Broome County. The route heads onward through the rural towns of Fenton and Colesville, where it meets NY 7. NY 79 runs concurrent with NY 7 to Harpursville. Here, NY 79 turns southeast and connects to Interstate 88. Past I-88, the route follows the western bank of the Susquehanna River southward through Ouaquaga, once a large Iroquois village which was destroyed by the Continental Army in 1778, to the village of Windsor. Inside the village, NY 79 meets NY 17 at an interchange that is also the temporary eastern terminus of Interstate 86's eastern segment. NY 79 continues along the Susquehanna River to the New York – Pennsylvania border, where the road becomes Pennsylvania Route 92 upon crossing the state line.

History

From Lisle to its western end, NY 79 almost exactly follows the Catskill Turnpike, with only local deviations for easier grades, e.g. along the "hogback" eskers near Center Lisle, and the westbound climb out of Ithaca as a looping Hector St in place of the original straight climb from half-way up that street (still visible as a right-of-way).

NY 79 was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York.[2] It initially began at NY 15 (modern NY 96) in Trumansburg and ended at the Pennsylvania state line south of the village of Windsor. In between, NY 79 passed through Mecklenburg, Ithaca, and Harpursville. Also assigned as part of the renumbering was NY 227, a highway connecting NY 79 in Perry City to NY 44 (now NY 414 in Watkins Glen.[3]

The Perry City – Trumansburg portion of NY 79 became an extension of NY 227 in the early 1940s. NY 79 was then truncated southward to its junction with NY 227 in Perry City.[4][5] In the early 1960s, NY 79 was rerouted to follow a previously unnumbered highway west of Mecklenburg to NY 227. From there, NY 79 continued to Watkins Glen over the routing of NY 227. As a result, NY 227 was truncated to its current southern terminus south of Reynoldsville. The former routing of NY 79 from Mecklenburg to Perry City became part of an extended NY 228.[6][7]

Major intersections

County Location Mile[1] Roads intersected Notes
Schuyler Hector 0.00 NY 414
6.20 NY 227 Southern terminus of NY 227
10.15 NY 228 north Hamlet of Mecklenburg; northern terminus of overlap
10.24 NY 228 south Hamlet of Mecklenburg; southern terminus of overlap
Tompkins Enfield 14.37 NY 327 Northern terminus of NY 327
City of Ithaca 21.07 NY 13A Northern terminus of NY 13A
21.33 NY 13 / NY 34 / NY 96 south (Fulton Street) NY 79 eastbound follows Fulton Street for one block to access Green Street
21.43 NY 13 / NY 34 / NY 96 north (Meadow Street)
22.66 NY 366 Western terminus of NY 366
Tioga Richford 39.29 NY 38
Broome Town of Lisle 50.65 US 11 north Northern terminus of overlap
51.93 I-81 Exit 8 (I-81)
Whitney Point 52.86 US 11 south / NY 26 south Southern terminus of US 11 / NY 79 overlap; western terminus of NY 26 / NY 79 overlap
52.94 NY 26 north
NY 206
Eastern terminus of NY 26 / NY 79 overlap; western terminus of NY 206
Chenango 61.97 NY 12 south Hamlet of Chenango Forks; western terminus of overlap
Barker 62.20 NY 12 north Eastern terminus of overlap
Fenton 64.82 NY 369 Northern terminus of NY 369
Colesville 74.38 NY 7 west Western terminus of overlap
75.63 NY 7 east Eastern terminus of overlap
75.64 I-88 Exit 6 (I-88)
Village of Windsor 87.18 I-86 / NY 17 Exit 79 (I-86 / NY 17); eastern terminus of eastern segment of I-86
Town of Windsor 93.33 PA 92 Continuation into Pennsylvania

References

  1. ^ a b "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 25, 2008. https://www.nysdot.gov/divisions/engineering/technical-services/hds-respository/NYSDOT_Traffic_Data_Report_2007.pdf. Retrieved June 16, 2009.  
  2. ^ a b Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". New York Times: p. 136.  
  3. ^ Standard Oil Company of New York. Road Map of New York [map]. Cartography by General Drafting. (1930)
  4. ^ Esso. New York [map]. Cartography by General Drafting. (1940)
  5. ^ Esso. New York with Pictorial Guide [map]. Cartography by General Drafting. (1942)
  6. ^ Esso. New York with Sight-Seeing Guide [map]. Cartography by General Drafting. (1962)
  7. ^ Sinclair. New York and Metropolitan New York [map]. Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. (1964)

External links


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