Newark International Airport: Wikis

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Newark Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty Logo.svg
Newark Liberty International Airport from the Air.jpg
IATA: EWRICAO: KEWRFAA: EWR
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Newark
Operator Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Serves New York metropolitan area
Location Newark, New Jersey and Elizabeth, New Jersey
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 18 ft / 5 m
Coordinates 40°41′33″N 074°10′07″W / 40.6925°N 74.16861°W / 40.6925; -74.16861
Website www.panynj.gov/...
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 11,000 3,353 Asphalt/Concrete
4R/22L 10,000 3,048 Asphalt
11/29 6,800 2,073 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 40 12 Concrete
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]
FAA airport diagram for EWR

Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWRICAO: KEWRFAA LID: EWR), first named Newark Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States (although it is entirely owned by the city of Newark). It is about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Midtown Manhattan (New York City).

The airport is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which also manages the two other major airports in the New York/New Jersey metropolitan area, John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) and LaGuardia Airport (LGA), in addition to three smaller airports, Stewart International Airport, Teterboro Airport and the Downtown Manhattan Heliport. Newark is the tenth busiest airport in the United States and the nation's fifth busiest international air gateway; JFK ranks first.[2]

Newark Liberty is the second-largest hub, after George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, for Continental Airlines, which is the airport's largest tenant (operating all of Terminal C and part of Terminal A). Primarily due to this large hub operation, Continental Airlines is by far the leading carrier in the New York market.[3] Newark's second largest tenant is FedEx Express, which operates its third largest cargo hub from the airport. FedEx operates from three buildings on two million square feet within the airport complex.[4]

In 2008, Newark Airport handled slightly more than 35.4 million passengers,[5] compared with JFK's 47.8 million[5] and LaGuardia's 23.1 million. In total over 107 million passengers used New York-area airports in 2008, making the New York-area the busiest airport system in the United States in terms of passenger numbers and second in the world behind London.

Contents

History

Major airports in the New York Metropolitan Area: John F. Kennedy (1), LaGuardia (2) and Newark Liberty (3).

Newark Airport was the first major airport in the New York area: it opened on October 1, 1928, occupying an area of New Jersey marshland filled with dredged soil.[6]

In 1935, Amelia Earhart dedicated the Newark Airport Administration Building, which was North America's first commercial airline terminal (Croydon Aerodrome, south of London, was the world's first, predating Newark by seven years). Newark was the busiest airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in 1939, dividing New York's air traffic and allowing Chicago Midway International Airport to take the lead. Newark was temporarily closed to passenger traffic and taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations during World War II.

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey took over the airport in 1948 and made major investments in airport infrastructure, opening new runways and hangars and revamping the airport's terminal layout. Airline traffic resumed that year. The art deco Administration Building served as the main terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

In the 1950s, there were suggestions to move the airport after two crashes within a month occurred at nearby Elizabeth, New Jersey.[7] A new international airport to serve the New York City area would have been built in what is now the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, however local protests defeated the plan.[8]

In the 1970s, the airport underwent a significant enlargement, including the construction of the current Terminals A, B, and C, and was renamed Newark International Airport. Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal. The main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was done on the terminal's satellites, and it lay dormant until the mid-1980s, when for a brief time the west third of the terminal was equipped for international arrivals and used for certain People Express transcontinental flights. Terminal C was fully completed and opened to the public in June 1988.

Underutilized throughout the 1970s, Newark expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as both its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that year. It quickly rose to become one of the largest American airlines, steadily increasing Newark's traffic through most of the 1980s. Virgin Atlantic Airways began flights from Newark to London in 1984, challenging JFK's status as New York's international gateway (however, Virgin Atlantic now has more flights going out of JFK than out of Newark). Federal Express (Now known as FedEx Express) opened its second hub at the airport in 1986.[4] When People Express was merged into Continental in 1987, operations at the North Terminal were greatly reduced, and the building was demolished to make way for cargo facilities in the early 1990s. Newark has remained a hub for Continental.

Today, Continental has its Global Gateway at Terminal C, having completed a major expansion project that included the construction of a new, third concourse and a new Federal Inspection Services facility. With its Newark hub, Continental is the largest provider of air service to the New York metropolitan area.

A flag flies over Gate A17

United Airlines Flight 93 pushed back from gate A17 at 8:01 am, on its way from Newark to San Francisco International Airport, on September 11, 2001. Two hours later it would crash into a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, when passengers attempted to take over the plane from a team of hijackers. Based on the direction that the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers [9] believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, D.C., such as the Capitol or White House. To honor the victims that died on September 11th, in 2002 the airport's name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. This name was chosen over the initial proposal, Liberty International Airport at Newark, and refers to the landmark Statue of Liberty, just 7 miles (11 km) east of the airport.[10][11]

In 2001, Newark Liberty International Airport became the terminus of the world's longest non-stop scheduled airline route, Continental's service to Hong Kong. Continental began flying from Newark to Beijing on June 15, 2005 and Delhi on November 1, 2005. When these services began, Continental became for a time the only airline to serve India nonstop from the United States, and the third U.S. carrier, after United and Northwest to serve mainland China nonstop and the first U.S. carrier to offer nonstop flights to Beijing from New York. On July 16, 2007, Continental Airlines announced that it would seek government approval for nonstop flights between Newark and Shanghai in 2009. In September 2007, the United States Department of Transportation tentatively awarded Continental the right to fly to Shanghai from Newark beginning March 25, 2009 using Boeing 777-200ER aircraft.

Since June 2008 flight caps restricting the number of flights to 81 per hour have been in use. The flight caps, which were only in effect until 2009, are intended to be a short-term solution to Newark Airport's congestion problem.[12]

Facilities

Newark Liberty International Airport covers 2,027 acres (820 ha) and has three runways and one helipad:

  • Runway 4L/22R: 11,000 x 150 ft (3,353 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt/Concrete
  • Runway 4R/22L: 10,000 x 150 ft (3,048 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 11/29: 6,800 x 150 ft (2,073 x 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Helipad H1: 40 x 40 ft (12 x 12 m), Surface: Concrete

Runway 11/29 is part of the original paved runway system developed in the 1940s. In 1952, original Runways 1/19 and 6/24 were closed in response to concerns about obstructions and noise, and a modern Runway 4/22 (now 4R/22L) was commissioned at a length of 7,000 ft (2,100 m) This runway was later extended to 9,800 feet (3,000 m), shortened for a while to 9,300 ft (2,800 m) and finally brought to its present length by 2000. Runway 4L/22R was built in the early 1970s at a length of 8,200 ft (2,500 m) and was extended to its current dimensions by 2000.

All approaches except Runway 29 are equipped with Instrument Landing Systems, and Runway 4R is certified for Category II ILS approaches.

Most departing traffic use Runway 4L/22R, while most arriving traffic use 04R/22L, and 11/29 is used more often by smaller aircraft or when there are strong crosswinds on the two main runways. Newark's two parallel runways (4L and 4R) have a lateral separation of only 900 feet (270 m), which is the fourth smallest of major airports in the U.S., after SFO, LAX and SEA.[13]

Traffic and statistics

In 2009, Newark Liberty International Airport handled 32,825,570 passengers.

Busiest International Routes from Newark (2008) [14]
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London-Heathrow, United Kingdom 1,022,834 British Airways, Continental Airlines, Virgin Atlantic
2 Flag of France.svg Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France 607,822 Air France, Continental Airlines
3 Flag of Canada.svg Toronto, Ontario, Canada 528,248 Air Canada, Air Canada Jazz, Continental Airlines, Porter Airlines
4 Flag of Israel.svg Tel Aviv, Israel 480,949 Continental Airlines, El Al
5 Flag of Netherlands.svg Amsterdam, Netherlands 365,661 Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines
6 Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt, Germany 302,076 Continental Airlines, Lufthansa
7 Flag of Italy.svg Rome, Italy 268,516 Continental Airlines, Alitalia (Air One)
8 Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm, Sweden 263,750 Continental Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines System
9 Flag of Mexico.svg Cancun, Mexico 256,963 Continental Airlines
10 Flag of India.svg Mumbai, India 250,977 Air India, Jet Airways, Continental Airlines
11 Flag of Denmark.svg Copenhagen, Denmark 240,096 Continental Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines System
12 Flag of United Kingdom.svg Manchester, United Kingdom 217,679 Continental Airlines
13 Flag of Portugal.svg Lisbon, Portugal 216,104 Continental Airlines, TAP Portugal
14 Flag of Ireland.svg Dublin, Ireland 208,873 Continental Airlines
15 Flag of Canada.svg Montreal, Quebec, Canada 185,886 Air Canada Jazz, Continental Express
16 Flag of Spain.svg Madrid, Spain 176,325 Continental Airlines
17 Flag of India.svg Delhi, India 174,236 Continental Airlines
18 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong, China 173,432 Continental Airlines
19 Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico City, Mexico 164,285 Continental Airlines
20 Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo, Japan 158,672 Continental Airlines
21 Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 158,185 Continental Airlines
22 Flag of Costa Rica.svg San Jose, Costa Rica 154,841 Continental Airlines
23 Flag of United Kingdom.svg Edinburgh, United Kingdom 151,512 Continental Airlines
24 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Beijing, China 143,431 Continental Airlines
25 Flag of Italy.svg Milan, Italy 141,734 Continental Airlines
26 Flag of Spain.svg Barcelona, Spain 141,074 Continental Airlines
27 Flag of Germany.svg Cologne, Germany 140,173 Continental Airlines
28 Flag of Germany.svg Munich, Germany 139,889 Lufthansa
29 Flag of Aruba.svg Oranjestad, Aruba 139,532 Continental Airlines
30 Flag of Switzerland.svg Geneva, Switzerland 135,944 Continental Airlines
Busiest Domestic Routes from Newark (2008) [14]
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1 Flag of Florida.svg Orlando, Florida 1,405,190 JetBlue Airways, Continental Airlines
2 Flag of Illinois.svg Chicago, Illinois 1,114,400 Continental Airlines, Continental Express, American Airlines, United Airlines
3 Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg Atlanta, Georgia 1,099,180 AirTran Airways, Continental Airlines, Continental Express, Delta Air Lines
4 Flag of Florida.svg Fort Lauderdale, Florida 1,089,380 JetBlue Airways, Continental Airlines
5 Flag of California.svg Los Angeles, California 944,460 Continental Airlines, American Airlines
6 Flag of California.svg San Francisco, California 793,260 Continental Airlines, United Airlines
7 Flag of Texas.svg Houston, Texas 788,750 Continental Airlines
8 Flag of Nevada.svg Las Vegas, Nevada 739,280 Continental Airlines
9 Flag of Florida.svg Miami, Florida 729,750 Continental Airlines, American Airlines
10 Flag of Florida.svg Tampa, Florida 677,310 JetBlue Airways, Continental Airlines
11 Flag of Florida.svg West Palm Beach, Florida 671,300 JetBlue Airways, Continental Airlines
12 Flag of Texas.svg Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 565,480 Continental Airlines, American Airlines
13 Flag of Arizona.svg Phoenix, Arizona 521,450 Continental Airlines, US Airways
14 Flag of Florida.svg Fort Myers, Florida 439,270 JetBlue Airways, Continental Airlines
15 Flag of Puerto Rico.svg San Juan, Puerto Rico 437,900 Continental Airlines
16 Flag of North Carolina.svg Charlotte, North Carolina 431,360 Continental Airlines, US Airways
17 Flag of Washington.svg Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 422,660 Continental Airlines, Alaska Airlines
18 Flag of Colorado.svg Denver, Colorado 408,680 Continental Airlines, United Airlines
19 Flag of Massachusetts.svg Boston, Massachusetts 387,850 Continental Airlines
20 Flag of California.svg San Diego, California 346,580 Continental Airlines
21 Flag of Minnesota.svg Minneapolis/St Paul, Minnesota 327,080 Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines
22 Flag of Michigan.svg Detroit, Michigan 291,720 Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines
23 Flag of North Carolina.svg Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina 278,190 Continental Express, Continental Airlines, Continental Connection
24 Flag of Ohio.svg Cleveland, Ohio 261,250 Continental Airlines
25 Flag of Virginia.svg Washington, D.C. 242,790 United Express, Continental Connection
26 Flag of Pennsylvania.svg Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 220,520 Continental Express, Continental Airlines
27 Flag of Florida.svg Jacksonville, Florida 211,090 Continental Express, Continental Airlines
28 Flag of Missouri.svg St Louis, Missouri 207,540 American Connection, Continental Express
29 Flag of Louisiana.svg New Orleans, Louisiana 204,260 Continental Airlines
30 Flag of California.svg Santa Ana, California 209,910 Continental Airlines

Terminals

Airport Traffic Control Tower
Foreground: Terminal C; background: the skylines of Manhattan and Jersey City
Terminal A at night in 2005
New York City skyline from Terminal C
Interior of Terminal C

Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have four levels. Ticket counters are on the top floor, except for the second-floor Air India and first-floor British Airways desks. Gates and shops are on the third floor. An international arrivals lounge (Terminal B) and baggage carousels (both A and B) are on the second floor. Finally, short-term parking and ramp operations (restricted areas) are on the ground floor. Terminal C, completed in 1988, has two ticketing levels, one for international check-in and one for domestic check-in. At the time of its opening, it was considered to be the most modern airport terminal in the United States. The gates, as well as food and shopping outlets, are located on a mezzanine level between the two check-in floors. From 1998 to 2003, Terminal C was renovated. The baggage claim area was renovated and turned into a second departure level, a 19-gate third concourse was added, an international arrivals facility was added, and a 3,400-space parking garage and new baggage processing facilities were added, including turning the former underground parking area into a new baggage claim. Parking had been prohibited underneath the terminal as a security measure after the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1993.

As of 2008, Terminal B is being renovated to increase capacity for departing passengers and passenger comfort. The renovations include expanding and updating the ticketing areas, building a new departure level for domestic flights, and building a new arrivals hall.[15] Plans are also in place to expand Terminal A by adding a new parking garage and radically expanding the size of the first concourse to add new gates, ticketing, baggage and security areas.[16]

Each terminal is subdivided into three numbered concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2, and A3. Gate numbering is continuous through all the terminals. Wayfinding signage throughout the terminals was designed by Paul Mijksenaar.[17]

Terminal A is the only terminal at Newark not fitted with immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries cannot use Terminal A (except countries with US customs preclearance), although some departing international flights use the terminal.

Following the business model of the Port Authority's other facilities, in some cases entire terminals are operated by terminal operators and not by the Port Authority directly. At Newark Liberty, Terminal A is operated by United Airlines and Terminal C is operated by Continental Airlines. Terminal B is the only passenger terminal directly operated by the Authority.[18]

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Canada Calgary, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver A
Air Canada Jazz Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson A
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle B
Air India Ahmedabad, Frankfurt B
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma A
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino B
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami A
AmericanConnection operated by Chautauqua Airlines St. Louis [ends April 5] A
American Eagle Chicago-O'Hare [begins April 6] A
British Airways London-Heathrow B
Continental Airlines Acapulco [seasonal], Aguadilla, Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Athens [seasonal], Atlanta, Austin, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Belfast-International, Belize City [seasonal], Berlin-Tegel, Bermuda, Birmingham (UK), Bogotá, Bonaire [seasonal], Boston, Bristol (UK), Brussels, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Copenhagen, Cozumel [seasonal], Curaçao [seasonal], Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Denver, Dublin, Eagle/Vail [seasonal], Edinburgh, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Grand Cayman [seasonal], Guatemala City, Hamburg, Hayden/Steamboat Springs [seasonal], Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Liberia (Costa Rica) [seasonal], Lima, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Montego Bay, Montrose [seasonal], Mumbai, Munich [resumes March 27], Myrtle Beach [seasonal], Nassau, New Orleans, Orange County, Orlando, Oslo-Gardermoen, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Port of Spain, Portland (OR), Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Roatán [seasonal], Rome-Fiumicino, St. John's [seasonal], St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Shannon, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tampa, Tel Aviv, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson [seasonal], Vancouver [seasonal], Washington-Reagan, West Palm Beach, Zürich C
Continental Connection operated by Colgan Air Albany, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Columbus (OH), Manchester (NH), Montréal-Trudeau, Myrtle Beach [seasonal], Norfolk, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, Washington-Reagan C
Continental Connection operated by CommutAir Albany, Harrisburg, Hartford/Springfield, Ithaca, Mont-Tremblant [seasonal], Nantucket [seasonal], Philadelphia, Syracuse, Washington-Dulles, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton C
Continental Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines Albany, Asheville, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Columbus (OH), Dayton, Detroit, Fayetteville (AR), Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville (SC), Halifax, Hartford/Springfield, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Knoxville, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal-Trudeau, Myrtle Beach [seasonal], Nashville, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Pittsburgh, Providence, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. John's, St. Louis, Savannah, Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, Tulsa, Washington-Dulles, Washington-Reagan A
Delta Air Lines Amsterdam, Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City B
Delta Connection operated by Chautauqua Airlines Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky B
Delta Connection operated by Comair Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky B
Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines Detroit, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul B
Delta Connection operated by Mesaba Airlines Detroit B
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines Atlanta [ends April 5] B
Direct Air operated by USA Jet Airlines Myrtle Beach [seasonal] B
El Al Tel Aviv B
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan B
Iceland Express Reykjavik-Keflavik [begins June 1] B
Jet Airways Brussels, Mumbai B
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa, West Palm Beach A
LOT Polish Airlines Kraków [seasonal], Rzeszów [seasonal], Warsaw B
Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich B
Midwest Connect operated by Chautauqua Airlines Milwaukee A
OpenSkies Paris-Orly B
Porter Airlines Toronto-City Centre B
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda B
Singapore Airlines Singapore B
Swiss International Air Lines operated by PrivatAir Zürich B
TAP Portugal Lisbon, Porto B
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, San Francisco A
United Express operated by GoJet Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles A
United Express operated by Trans States Airlines Washington-Dulles A
US Airways Charlotte, Phoenix A
US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin Charlotte A
US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines Charlotte A
US Airways Express operated by Piedmont Airlines Philadelphia A
US Airways Express operated by PSA Airlines Charlotte A
Virgin Atlantic London-Heathrow B
WestJet Calgary [seasonal] A

Cargo

Ground transportation

AirTrain

Many Continental Express Embraer Regional Jets (ERJs) at Terminal C

Newark is an intermodal airport. A monorail system, AirTrain Newark, connects the terminals with the Newark Liberty International Airport Rail Link Station for connection to Amtrak and New Jersey Transit service. Passengers can use this connection to travel from EWR to any station along New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor or North Jersey Coast Line, including regional transit hubs such as New York City's Penn Station.

Continental Airlines uses this rail connection to book passengers through Newark to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Wilmington Station in Wilmington, Delaware; Penn Station in New York City; Stamford Station in Stamford, Connecticut; and Union Station in New Haven, Connecticut.

The monorail is free for use between all stations, but passengers wishing to exit or enter the Rail Link station must pay a fee. NJ Transit tickets to or from the Rail Link station that are sold at ticket windows and vending machines automatically include this fee. Tickets purchased on a train will not allow passengers to enter the Rail Link station; they will have to pay the fee at the station.

Other connections

Numerous bus services run between Newark Liberty and nearby population centers, including New Jersey Transit, Airporter, and Olympia Trails. Express buses to Manhattan transit hubs (Grand Central Terminal, Port Authority Bus Terminal, etc.), and a bus service to JFK Airport are also available.

The airport is also served by a number of New Jersey Transit buses, providing local service from downtown Newark, including Newark Penn Station, Irvington, Lakewood and Toms River.

The New Jersey Turnpike has 2 exits that allow motorists to gain access to Newark Liberty International Airport.

Taxis also operate from the airport at flat rates based on destination. From the City of New York, fares are set by New York City's Taxi and Limousine Commission. Newark Liberty, along with destinations in Nassau and Westchester Counties, is one of the exceptions to the rule that a New York City taxi driver may refuse to take a passenger to any destination outside the five boroughs.

Continental Airlines also books passengers via Trans-Bridge Lines to Lehigh Valley International Airport in Allentown, Pennsylvania, a 90-minute trip.

There are also private limousine and car service companies providing service to the airport.

Accommodations

Within Newark Liberty International Airport's complex is a Marriott hotel, the only hotel located on the airport's property.[19] Shuttle vans stop at all terminals to transport guests to the hotel because the Marriott is not serviced by the monorail and is not physically connected to any terminal. There are also a variety of hotels located adjacent to Newark Airport.

Airport information

Airport information can be obtained in several ways both before traveling to the airport and while there. In addition to the Web site listed below, travelers may call the airport at +1-973-961-6000 or from within the United States and Canada, toll-free at 888-EWR-INFO (397-4636).

In the immediate vicinity of the airport, parking and other information can be obtained by tuning to a highway advisory radio station at 530 AM.

Newark Airport, along with LaGuardia and Kennedy airports, uses a uniform style of signing throughout the airport properties. Yellow signs direct passengers to airline gates, ticketing and other flight services; green signs direct passengers to ground transportation services, and black signs lead to restrooms, telephones and other passenger amenities.

New York City traffic reporter Bernie Wagenblast provides the voice for the airport's phone system, radio station and curbside announcements, as well as the messages heard onboard AirTrain Newark and in its stations.

The airport has the IATA designation EWR, rather than a designation that begins with the letter 'N' because the U.S. Navy discourages the use of IATA codes that begin with the letter 'N' for United States airports, and because the obvious designator of "NEW" is already assigned to Lakefront Airport in New Orleans, LA.

Incidents and accidents

  • April 18, 1979: New York Airways Commuter Chopper on a routine flight to Laguardia and JFK Airports plunged 150 feet into the area between Runways 4L/22L and 4R/22R killing 3 passengers and injuring 15. It was later determined the crash was due to a failure in the copter's tail rotor.[1]
  • July 31, 1997: FedEx Flight 14, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, crashed during landing from Anchorage International Airport. The No. 3 engine contacted the runway during a rough landing which caused the aircraft to flip upside down, after which it was destroyed by fire. The two crewmembers and three passengers escaped uninjured.[20]
  • September 11, 2001: United Airlines Flight 93 to San Francisco International Airport was hijacked as part of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. The passengers revolted forcing the hijackers to crash the aircraft into an empty field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. All of the passengers, crew and hijackers died in the crash.[21]
  • On October 28, 2006: Continental Airlines Flight 1883, a Boeing 757-200, mistakenly landed on Taxiway Z instead of Runway 29. There were no reported injuries or damage from the incident. Both pilots were grounded by the airline after the incident but were later returned to duty.[22]
  • February 12, 2009: Colgan Air Flight 3407, a Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 operating under contract with Continental Connection crashed into a home in Clarence Center, New York. The flight was scheduled to arrive at Buffalo Niagara International Airport and was approximately six miles away from the airport when it crashed. All 49 passengers and crew members on board the aircraft and one person on the ground perished in the incident.[23]
  • January 3, 2010: Terminal C was evacuated after a person passed through from the public side to the sterile side of the airport without going through security. Passengers reported seeing a man walk through the checkpoint's exit lane after a TSA security officer momentarily left his post. The sterile side of the terminal was evacuated for about six hours. Security cameras caught the incident, and on January 8, Haisong Jiang was arrested and charged with trespassing.[24]
  • January 10, 2010: United Airlines Flight 634, an Airbus A319, made an emergency landing after the aircraft's right rear landing gear failed to deploy. No passengers or crew members were injured during the landing.[25] The aircraft sustained substantial damage in the accident.[26]

See also


References

  1. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for EWR (Form 5010 PDF), retrieved 03/15/2007
  2. ^ "Top 20 U.S. Gateways for Nonstop International Air Travel: 2000–2004". Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. 2006. http://www.bts.gov/publications/us_international_travel_and_transportation_trends/2006/html/chapter_02/table_02_03.html. 
  3. ^ Crain's New York Business Lists
  4. ^ a b http://news.van.fedex.com/files/FedEx%20Express%20Hub%20in%20Newark.pdf
  5. ^ a b ACI passenger figures for 2008
  6. ^ "History of Newark Liberty International Airport". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. http://www.panynj.gov/airports/ewr-history.html. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  7. ^ Elizabeth, NJ Plane Crash Kills 28, Jan 1952 | GenDisasters ... Genealogy in Tragedy, Disasters, Fires, Floods
  8. ^ Linton, Weeks (September 18, 2005). "GREAT SWAMP: A bog so big it boggles the mind". The Washington Post. http://www.newsday.com/travel/ny-trswamp4426711sep18,0,1277295.story. Retrieved 2007-12-13. 
  9. ^ Debunking 9/11 Myths: Why Conspiracy Theories Can't Stand Up to the Facts / (2006) Page 76 ISBN 158816635X
  10. ^ Wilson, Michael (August 22, 2002). "Governors Seek a Name Change for Newark Airport". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/22/nyregion/governors-seek-a-name-change-for-newark-airport.html. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
  11. ^ Smothers, Ronald (August 30, 2002). "Port Authority Extends Lease of a Renamed Newark Airport". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/30/nyregion/port-authority-extends-lease-of-a-renamed-newark-airport.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  12. ^ "Virgin says new U.S. rules hurt competition at Newark airport". International Herald Tribune. The Associated Press. April 11, 2008. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/04/11/business/NA-FIN-US-Virgin-America-Service.php. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  13. ^ http://www.boeing.com/commercial/caft/cwg/ads_b/Closely.pdf
  14. ^ a b Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (2008). "2008 Airport Traffic Report" (PDF). http://www.panynj.gov/CommutingTravel/airports/pdfs/traffic/ATR2008.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-21. 
  15. ^ Building a Better Airport
  16. ^ "U.S.—India Aviation Partnership Summit" (PPT). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. http://www.aaae.org/products/_600_US_India_Summit_2007/downloads/presentations/decota.ppt. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  17. ^ ""New York and New Jersey Airports"". 2009-05-18. http://www.mijksenaar.com/projects-quicktour/30-new_york_and_new_jersey_airports.html. 
  18. ^ http://www.panynj.gov/AboutthePortAuthority/PressCenter/PressCenterGuide/VideoAirportContacts/
  19. ^ Newark Liberty International Airport Marriott
  20. ^ ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas MD-11F N611FE Newark International Airport, NJ (EWR)
  21. ^ Stout, David (April 12, 2006). "Recording From Flight 93 Played at Trial". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/12/us/12cnd-moussaoui.html. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  22. ^ Weiss, Murray; Olshan, Jeremy (October 31, 2006). "Airline Pilot in Blunderland". New York Post. https://www.papba.org/media-archive/nyp/nyp-061031-runway.html. Retrieved 2010-03-14. 
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External links


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