|Newark Liberty International Airport|
|IATA: EWR – ICAO: KEWR – FAA: EWR|
|Owner||City of Newark|
|Operator||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey|
|Serves||New York metropolitan area|
|Location||Newark, New Jersey and Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|Elevation AMSL||18 ft / 5 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration
Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWR, ICAO: KEWR, FAA LID: EWR), first named Newark Airport and later Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States (although it is entirely owned by the city of Newark). It is about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Midtown Manhattan (New York City).
The airport is operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which also manages the two other major airports in the New York/New Jersey metropolitan area, John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) and LaGuardia Airport (LGA), in addition to three smaller airports, Stewart International Airport, Teterboro Airport and the Downtown Manhattan Heliport. Newark is the tenth busiest airport in the United States and the nation's fifth busiest international air gateway; JFK ranks first.
Newark Liberty is the second-largest hub, after George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, for Continental Airlines, which is the airport's largest tenant (operating all of Terminal C and part of Terminal A). Primarily due to this large hub operation, Continental Airlines is by far the leading carrier in the New York market. Newark's second largest tenant is FedEx Express, which operates its third largest cargo hub from the airport. FedEx operates from three buildings on two million square feet within the airport complex.
In 2008, Newark Airport handled slightly more than 35.4 million passengers, compared with JFK's 47.8 million and LaGuardia's 23.1 million. In total over 107 million passengers used New York-area airports in 2008, making the New York-area the busiest airport system in the United States in terms of passenger numbers and second in the world behind London.
In 1935, Amelia Earhart dedicated the Newark Airport Administration Building, which was North America's first commercial airline terminal (Croydon Aerodrome, south of London, was the world's first, predating Newark by seven years). Newark was the busiest airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in 1939, dividing New York's air traffic and allowing Chicago Midway International Airport to take the lead. Newark was temporarily closed to passenger traffic and taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations during World War II.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey took over the airport in 1948 and made major investments in airport infrastructure, opening new runways and hangars and revamping the airport's terminal layout. Airline traffic resumed that year. The art deco Administration Building served as the main terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
In the 1950s, there were suggestions to move the airport after two crashes within a month occurred at nearby Elizabeth, New Jersey. A new international airport to serve the New York City area would have been built in what is now the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, however local protests defeated the plan.
In the 1970s, the airport underwent a significant enlargement, including the construction of the current Terminals A, B, and C, and was renamed Newark International Airport. Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal. The main building of Terminal C was completed at the same time, but only metal framing work was done on the terminal's satellites, and it lay dormant until the mid-1980s, when for a brief time the west third of the terminal was equipped for international arrivals and used for certain People Express transcontinental flights. Terminal C was fully completed and opened to the public in June 1988.
Underutilized throughout the 1970s, Newark expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal as both its air terminal and corporate office in 1981 and began operations at Newark that year. It quickly rose to become one of the largest American airlines, steadily increasing Newark's traffic through most of the 1980s. Virgin Atlantic Airways began flights from Newark to London in 1984, challenging JFK's status as New York's international gateway (however, Virgin Atlantic now has more flights going out of JFK than out of Newark). Federal Express (Now known as FedEx Express) opened its second hub at the airport in 1986. When People Express was merged into Continental in 1987, operations at the North Terminal were greatly reduced, and the building was demolished to make way for cargo facilities in the early 1990s. Newark has remained a hub for Continental.
Today, Continental has its Global Gateway at Terminal C, having completed a major expansion project that included the construction of a new, third concourse and a new Federal Inspection Services facility. With its Newark hub, Continental is the largest provider of air service to the New York metropolitan area.
United Airlines Flight 93 pushed back from gate A17 at 8:01 am, on its way from Newark to San Francisco International Airport, on September 11, 2001. Two hours later it would crash into a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, when passengers attempted to take over the plane from a team of hijackers. Based on the direction that the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers  believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, D.C., such as the Capitol or White House. To honor the victims that died on September 11th, in 2002 the airport's name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. This name was chosen over the initial proposal, Liberty International Airport at Newark, and refers to the landmark Statue of Liberty, just 7 miles (11 km) east of the airport.
In 2001, Newark Liberty International Airport became the terminus of the world's longest non-stop scheduled airline route, Continental's service to Hong Kong. Continental began flying from Newark to Beijing on June 15, 2005 and Delhi on November 1, 2005. When these services began, Continental became for a time the only airline to serve India nonstop from the United States, and the third U.S. carrier, after United and Northwest to serve mainland China nonstop and the first U.S. carrier to offer nonstop flights to Beijing from New York. On July 16, 2007, Continental Airlines announced that it would seek government approval for nonstop flights between Newark and Shanghai in 2009. In September 2007, the United States Department of Transportation tentatively awarded Continental the right to fly to Shanghai from Newark beginning March 25, 2009 using Boeing 777-200ER aircraft.
Since June 2008 flight caps restricting the number of flights to 81 per hour have been in use. The flight caps, which were only in effect until 2009, are intended to be a short-term solution to Newark Airport's congestion problem.
Runway 11/29 is part of the original paved runway system developed in the 1940s. In 1952, original Runways 1/19 and 6/24 were closed in response to concerns about obstructions and noise, and a modern Runway 4/22 (now 4R/22L) was commissioned at a length of 7,000 ft (2,100 m) This runway was later extended to 9,800 feet (3,000 m), shortened for a while to 9,300 ft (2,800 m) and finally brought to its present length by 2000. Runway 4L/22R was built in the early 1970s at a length of 8,200 ft (2,500 m) and was extended to its current dimensions by 2000.
All approaches except Runway 29 are equipped with Instrument Landing Systems, and Runway 4R is certified for Category II ILS approaches.
Most departing traffic use Runway 4L/22R, while most arriving traffic use 04R/22L, and 11/29 is used more often by smaller aircraft or when there are strong crosswinds on the two main runways. Newark's two parallel runways (4L and 4R) have a lateral separation of only 900 feet (270 m), which is the fourth smallest of major airports in the U.S., after SFO, LAX and SEA.
In 2009, Newark Liberty International Airport handled 32,825,570 passengers.
Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have four levels. Ticket counters are on the top floor, except for the second-floor Air India and first-floor British Airways desks. Gates and shops are on the third floor. An international arrivals lounge (Terminal B) and baggage carousels (both A and B) are on the second floor. Finally, short-term parking and ramp operations (restricted areas) are on the ground floor. Terminal C, completed in 1988, has two ticketing levels, one for international check-in and one for domestic check-in. At the time of its opening, it was considered to be the most modern airport terminal in the United States. The gates, as well as food and shopping outlets, are located on a mezzanine level between the two check-in floors. From 1998 to 2003, Terminal C was renovated. The baggage claim area was renovated and turned into a second departure level, a 19-gate third concourse was added, an international arrivals facility was added, and a 3,400-space parking garage and new baggage processing facilities were added, including turning the former underground parking area into a new baggage claim. Parking had been prohibited underneath the terminal as a security measure after the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1993.
As of 2008, Terminal B is being renovated to increase capacity for departing passengers and passenger comfort. The renovations include expanding and updating the ticketing areas, building a new departure level for domestic flights, and building a new arrivals hall. Plans are also in place to expand Terminal A by adding a new parking garage and radically expanding the size of the first concourse to add new gates, ticketing, baggage and security areas.
Each terminal is subdivided into three numbered concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2, and A3. Gate numbering is continuous through all the terminals. Wayfinding signage throughout the terminals was designed by Paul Mijksenaar.
Terminal A is the only terminal at Newark not fitted with immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries cannot use Terminal A (except countries with US customs preclearance), although some departing international flights use the terminal.
Following the business model of the Port Authority's other facilities, in some cases entire terminals are operated by terminal operators and not by the Port Authority directly. At Newark Liberty, Terminal A is operated by United Airlines and Terminal C is operated by Continental Airlines. Terminal B is the only passenger terminal directly operated by the Authority.
|Air Canada||Calgary, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver||A|
|Air Canada Jazz||Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson||A|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||B|
|Air India||Ahmedabad, Frankfurt||B|
|American Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami||A|
|AmericanConnection operated by Chautauqua Airlines||St. Louis [ends April 5]||A|
|American Eagle||Chicago-O'Hare [begins April 6]||A|
|Continental Airlines||Acapulco [seasonal], Aguadilla, Amsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Athens [seasonal], Atlanta, Austin, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Belfast-International, Belize City [seasonal], Berlin-Tegel, Bermuda, Birmingham (UK), Bogotá, Bonaire [seasonal], Boston, Bristol (UK), Brussels, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Copenhagen, Cozumel [seasonal], Curaçao [seasonal], Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Denver, Dublin, Eagle/Vail [seasonal], Edinburgh, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Grand Cayman [seasonal], Guatemala City, Hamburg, Hayden/Steamboat Springs [seasonal], Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Liberia (Costa Rica) [seasonal], Lima, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Montego Bay, Montrose [seasonal], Mumbai, Munich [resumes March 27], Myrtle Beach [seasonal], Nassau, New Orleans, Orange County, Orlando, Oslo-Gardermoen, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Port of Spain, Portland (OR), Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Roatán [seasonal], Rome-Fiumicino, St. John's [seasonal], St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santo Domingo, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Shannon, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tampa, Tel Aviv, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson [seasonal], Vancouver [seasonal], Washington-Reagan, West Palm Beach, Zürich||C|
|Continental Connection operated by Colgan Air||Albany, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Columbus (OH), Manchester (NH), Montréal-Trudeau, Myrtle Beach [seasonal], Norfolk, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, Washington-Reagan||C|
|Continental Connection operated by CommutAir||Albany, Harrisburg, Hartford/Springfield, Ithaca, Mont-Tremblant [seasonal], Nantucket [seasonal], Philadelphia, Syracuse, Washington-Dulles, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton||C|
|Continental Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines||Albany, Asheville, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington (VT), Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Columbus (OH), Dayton, Detroit, Fayetteville (AR), Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville (SC), Halifax, Hartford/Springfield, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Knoxville, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Moncton, Montréal-Trudeau, Myrtle Beach [seasonal], Nashville, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Pittsburgh, Providence, Québec City, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. John's, St. Louis, Savannah, Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, Tulsa, Washington-Dulles, Washington-Reagan||A|
|Delta Air Lines||Amsterdam, Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City||B|
|Delta Connection operated by Chautauqua Airlines||Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky||B|
|Delta Connection operated by Comair||Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky||B|
|Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines||Detroit, Memphis, Minneapolis/St. Paul||B|
|Delta Connection operated by Mesaba Airlines||Detroit||B|
|Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines||Atlanta [ends April 5]||B|
|Direct Air operated by USA Jet Airlines||Myrtle Beach [seasonal]||B|
|El Al||Tel Aviv||B|
|Iceland Express||Reykjavik-Keflavik [begins June 1]||B|
|Jet Airways||Brussels, Mumbai||B|
|JetBlue Airways||Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa, West Palm Beach||A|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Kraków [seasonal], Rzeszów [seasonal], Warsaw||B|
|Lufthansa||Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich||B|
|Midwest Connect operated by Chautauqua Airlines||Milwaukee||A|
|Porter Airlines||Toronto-City Centre||B|
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda||B|
|Swiss International Air Lines operated by PrivatAir||Zürich||B|
|TAP Portugal||Lisbon, Porto||B|
|United Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, San Francisco||A|
|United Express operated by GoJet Airlines||Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles||A|
|United Express operated by Trans States Airlines||Washington-Dulles||A|
|US Airways||Charlotte, Phoenix||A|
|US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin||Charlotte||A|
|US Airways Express operated by Mesa Airlines||Charlotte||A|
|US Airways Express operated by Piedmont Airlines||Philadelphia||A|
|US Airways Express operated by PSA Airlines||Charlotte||A|
Newark is an intermodal airport. A monorail system, AirTrain Newark, connects the terminals with the Newark Liberty International Airport Rail Link Station for connection to Amtrak and New Jersey Transit service. Passengers can use this connection to travel from EWR to any station along New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor or North Jersey Coast Line, including regional transit hubs such as New York City's Penn Station.
Continental Airlines uses this rail connection to book passengers through Newark to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Wilmington Station in Wilmington, Delaware; Penn Station in New York City; Stamford Station in Stamford, Connecticut; and Union Station in New Haven, Connecticut.
The monorail is free for use between all stations, but passengers wishing to exit or enter the Rail Link station must pay a fee. NJ Transit tickets to or from the Rail Link station that are sold at ticket windows and vending machines automatically include this fee. Tickets purchased on a train will not allow passengers to enter the Rail Link station; they will have to pay the fee at the station.
Numerous bus services run between Newark Liberty and nearby population centers, including New Jersey Transit, Airporter, and Olympia Trails. Express buses to Manhattan transit hubs (Grand Central Terminal, Port Authority Bus Terminal, etc.), and a bus service to JFK Airport are also available.
The New Jersey Turnpike has 2 exits that allow motorists to gain access to Newark Liberty International Airport.
Taxis also operate from the airport at flat rates based on destination. From the City of New York, fares are set by New York City's Taxi and Limousine Commission. Newark Liberty, along with destinations in Nassau and Westchester Counties, is one of the exceptions to the rule that a New York City taxi driver may refuse to take a passenger to any destination outside the five boroughs.
There are also private limousine and car service companies providing service to the airport.
Within Newark Liberty International Airport's complex is a Marriott hotel, the only hotel located on the airport's property. Shuttle vans stop at all terminals to transport guests to the hotel because the Marriott is not serviced by the monorail and is not physically connected to any terminal. There are also a variety of hotels located adjacent to Newark Airport.
Airport information can be obtained in several ways both before traveling to the airport and while there. In addition to the Web site listed below, travelers may call the airport at +1-973-961-6000 or from within the United States and Canada, toll-free at 888-EWR-INFO (397-4636).
Newark Airport, along with LaGuardia and Kennedy airports, uses a uniform style of signing throughout the airport properties. Yellow signs direct passengers to airline gates, ticketing and other flight services; green signs direct passengers to ground transportation services, and black signs lead to restrooms, telephones and other passenger amenities.
New York City traffic reporter Bernie Wagenblast provides the voice for the airport's phone system, radio station and curbside announcements, as well as the messages heard onboard AirTrain Newark and in its stations.
The airport has the IATA designation EWR, rather than a designation that begins with the letter 'N' because the U.S. Navy discourages the use of IATA codes that begin with the letter 'N' for United States airports, and because the obvious designator of "NEW" is already assigned to Lakefront Airport in New Orleans, LA.