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Newport and the Nyfer estuary from Carn Ingli

Coordinates: 52°01′11″N 4°50′10″W / 52.01975°N 4.83607°W / 52.01975; -4.83607

Newport
Welsh: Trefdraeth
Newport is located in Wales2
Newport

 Newport shown within Wales
Population 1,122 (2001 census[1])
OS grid reference SN055395
Principal area Pembrokeshire
Ceremonial county Dyfed
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWPORT
Postcode district SA42
Dialling code 01239
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Preseli Pembrokeshire
List of places: UK • Wales • Pembrokeshire

Newport (Welsh: Trefdraeth) is a town in Pembrokeshire, south-west Wales, lying on the River Nevern (Welsh: Afon Nyfer) in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park.

Contents

History

The town was founded by the Norman William FitzMartin (c.1155-1209) about 1197. He was a son-in-law of The Lord Rhys, who nevertheless expelled him from his former base at nearby Nevern, which had been established by his father Robert fitz Martin. William founded Newport as the new capital of the Marcher Lordship of Cemais and it was a busy port founded primarily on the growing medieval wool trade. Despite seizure from the native Welsh, it would remain within the FitzMartin family until the death of William, the 2nd Lord Martin, without male heir in 1326.

It is a marcher borough. Owen, in 1603, described it as one of five Pembrokeshire boroughs overseen by a portreeve.[2] It still retains some of the borough customs such as electing its own mayor, who beats the bounds on horseback every August.

The castle built by FitzMartin is situated on a spur of Carn Ingli and has a surpassing view of Newport and much of the surrounding countryside. Though in ruins since at least the 17th century, it is impressive due to its site, and a converted house incorporating the castle walls (facing west over the town, the bay and the Irish Sea) is still inhabited.

The church of St. Mary's, sited below the castle though within the town, dates from the FitzMartin era, and the outside east apse bears their arms ("Argent, two bars gules").

In the 1880s the castle was associated with John Brett, who rented it as a base for his large family while he spent summers cruising the south and west costs of Wales painting, sketching and photographing as he went. He was able to moor his 210 ton schooner, Viking (which had a crew of twelve) at Parrog.

Newport is known today for its beaches, for the Carreg Coetan Arthur burial chamber and for the West Wales Eco Centre.

The town also lies on the Pembrokeshire Coast Path, has a youth hostel and is popular for walks in the Preseli Hills. Carn Ingli hill, home to an Iron Age hillfort and some Bronze Age hut circles lies just outside the town.

Newport is twinned with the village of Plouguin in Finistère, Brittany.

Legends Of Newport

There are many legends that reside in this beautiful seaside town. They are known as the "Newport Crew" and have been providing the people of Newport with a lot of happpyness for many years now. People flock to the area just to catch a glimpse of these somewhat mythical creatures. One to stay away from though is 'Natasha Thomas', a terrible creature.

References

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics Parish Headcounts: Newport, Pembrokeshire
  2. ^ Owen, George, The Description of Penbrokshire by George Owen of Henllys Lord of Kemes, Henry Owen (Ed), London, 1892

Sources

The Lords of Cemais, Dillwyn Miles, Haverfordwest, 1996. Cemais, Dillwyn Miles, Haverfordwest, 1998.

External links

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