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Newspaper of record is a term that may refer either to any publicly available newspaper that has been authorized by a government to publish public or legal notices (often known as a newspaper of public record), or any major newspaper that has a large circulation and whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered professional and typically authoritative.

Contents

Newspapers of public record

The first type of newspaper of record is often formally defined by a statute or other official action of a governing body. Such a newspaper is supposed to be available to the public, and publication of notices in that newspaper is considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice. In some jusrisdictions, these newspapers are referred to as gazettes (for example, the Canada Gazette,[1] the London Gazette[2] and the The Government of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Gazette[3]).

In some jurisdictions, privately-owned newspapers may register with the public authorities in order to publish public and legal notices.[4]

Newspapers of record (by reputation)

The second type of "newspaper of record" is not defined by any formal criteria. The use of the term implies that a newspaper is a reliable institution that publishes trustworthy descriptions of events, but this assessment may be disputed. Major newspapers of record may be expected to have independent editorial policies, and to publish statements of opinion that are distinct from those of their proprietor or their government. They are more likely than other newspapers to be sold abroad and to be cited in scholarly publications.

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Examples

Country City of publication Newspaper Language Source(s)
France Paris Le Monde French [5]
Hungary Budapest Népszabadság Hungarian [6]
Ireland Dublin Irish Times English [7] [8]
United Kingdom London The Times English [9]
United Kingdom London The Daily Telegraph English [9]
United Kingdom London The Guardian English [9]
United States New York City The New York Times English [10]

References


Newspaper of record is a term that may refer either to any publicly available newspaper that has been authorized by a government to publish public or legal notices (often known as a newspaper of public record), or any major newspaper that has a large circulation and whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered professional and typically authoritative.

Contents

Newspapers of public record

The first type of newspaper of record is often formally defined by a statute or other official action of a governing body. Such a newspaper is supposed to be available to the public, and publication of notices in that newspaper is considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice. In some jurisdictions, these newspapers are referred to as gazettes (for example, the Canada Gazette,[1] the London Gazette[2] and The Government of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Gazette[3]).

In some jurisdictions, privately-owned newspapers may register with the public authorities in order to publish public and legal notices.[4]

Newspapers of record (by reputation)

The second type of "newspaper of record" is not defined by any formal criteria. The use of the term implies that a newspaper is a reliable institution that publishes trustworthy descriptions of events, but this assessment may be disputed. Major newspapers of record may be expected to have independent editorial policies, and to publish statements of opinion that are distinct from those of their proprietor or their government. They are more likely than other newspapers to be sold abroad and to be cited in scholarly publications.

Examples

Country Newspaper City of publication Founded Language Source(s)
Belgium De Standaard Groot-Bijgaarden, near Brussels 1918 Dutch [5]
Canada The Globe and Mail Toronto 1844 English [6][7][8][9][10]
Canada La Presse Montreal 1884 French [11][12]
France Le Monde Paris 1944 French [13]
Germany Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Frankfurt 1949 German [14][15]
Hungary Népszabadság Budapest 1956 Hungarian [16]
India Times of India New Delhi 1838 English [17]
Ireland Irish Times Dublin 1859 English [18][19]
Italy Corriere della Sera Milan 1876 Italian [20][21]
Netherlands NRC Handelsblad Rotterdam 1970 Dutch [22]
Spain El País Madrid 1976 Spanish [23]
United Kingdom The Times London 1785 English [24]
United Kingdom The Daily Telegraph London 1855 English [24]
United States The New York Times New York City 1851 English [25]
United States The Washington Post Washington D.C. 1877 English [26]

References

  1. ^ "Canada Gazette". Government of Canada. http://www.gazette.gc.ca/cg-gc/about-sujet-eng.html. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  2. ^ "About the Gazette". London Gazette. http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/about. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  3. ^ "The Government of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Gazette". Government of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. http://www.gld.gov.hk/cgi-bin/gld/egazette/gazettefiles.cgi?lang=e&acurrentpage=15&agree=1&part=1&newfile=1&pid=. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  4. ^ See, for example, L.N. 362 of 1997 of The Government of The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Gazette
  5. ^ "The press in Belgium". BBC News. 2005-11-16. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4315097.stm. 
  6. ^ "The Globe and Mail". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/235427/The-Globe-and-Mail. 
  7. ^ "CANADIAN STUDIES RESOURCES - Canadian Studies Databases and Indexes". Michigan Canadian Studies Roundtable. 2006-09-05. http://mcsrt.org/resources/db/index.htm. 
  8. ^ "Globe and Mail to cut jobs". The Straits Times. 2009-01-11. http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking+News/Money/Story/STIStory_324744.html. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  9. ^ "What's behind the shake up at 'Canada's newspaper of record'?". rabble.ca. 2009-06-02. http://www.rabble.ca/news/2009/06/shake-globe. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  10. ^ "Montreal". Bradmans - Making Business Travel Easy. 2006. http://www.bradmans.com/Listing/northamerica/montreal/montreal.aspx. 
  11. ^ "Where's Mario". Maclean's. 2008-08-25. http://www2.macleans.ca/2008/08/25/wheres-mario/#more-5664. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  12. ^ "Endorsements, opinions flourish in Quebec". cbc.ca. 2008-10-10. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canadavotes/story/2008/10/10/f-electionquebecvoices.html. Retrieved 2010-01-17. 
  13. ^ Thomas Fuller (2003-08-25). "World of Le Monde looks set to expand". International Herald Tribune. 
  14. ^ "German language reform resisted". The Washington Times. 29 May 2004. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2004/may/29/20040529-114058-2009r/. 
  15. ^ "Look back at the Britannica Calendar of Events to find out what happened in the year 2000". Encyclopaedia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/facts/10/40940819/August-1-2000-The-Frankfurter-Allgemeine-Zeitung-Germany-s. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  16. ^ Escritt, Thomas (2005-09-01). "The e-circulation wars". The Budapest Sun. http://www.budapestsun.com/news/50876. 
  17. ^ Wilke, Mary; Manicini, Lawrence; Leonard, Spencer (Fall 2007). "Some recent CRL acquisitions related to colonial India". Centre for Research Libraries - Focus on Global Resources. http://www.budapestsun.com/news/50876. 
  18. ^ http://www.librarycouncil.ie/colico/documents/SeamusDooleyLecture_000.pdf
  19. ^ http://debates.oireachtas.ie/DDebate.aspx?F=SEN20081217.xml&Page=1&Ex=31#N31
  20. ^ Israely, Jeff; Macleod, Scott (1 June 2003). "Editing Out Criticism". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,455770,00.html. 
  21. ^ Grove, Lloyd (6 February 1998). "Diplomatic Affinity". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1998/feb/06/news/ls-16003. 
  22. ^ Waterfield, Bruno (4 March 2010). "Geert Wilders on course to be next Dutch prime minister". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/netherlands/7369693/Wilders-on-course-to-be-next-Dutch-prime-minister.html. 
  23. ^ Phillips, Lindsay (18 December 2002). "Spanish and U.S. Relationship During the “War on Terror”". EU Notes - Texas A&M University. http://international.tamu.edu/eunotes/SPAINUS.doc. 
  24. ^ a b "The UK's 'other paper of record'". BBC News. 2004-01-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/3409185.stm. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  25. ^ "The New York Times". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/412546/The-New-York-Times. 
  26. ^ "The Washington Post". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/636526/The-Washington-Post. 


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