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Coordinates: 43°17′36″N 22°00′22″E / 43.29333°N 22.00611°E / 43.29333; 22.00611

Niška Banja
Нишка Бања
—  Town  —

Flag
Location of Niška Banja within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°17′N 22°00′E / 43.283°N 22°E / 43.283; 22
Country Serbia
District Nišava
Settlements
Government
 - Mayor Zoran Vidanović (DSS)
Area [1]
 - Municipality 145 km2 (56 sq mi)
Population (2002 census)[2]
 - Total 4,437
 - Municipality 15,359
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18205
Area code +381 18
Car plates NI

Niška Banja (Serbian Cyrillic: Нишка Бања, meaning Spa of Niš) is a spa town in southern Serbia, located 9 km eastern from its second largest city, Niš. The municipality of Niška Banja is one of the five urban municipalities of the City of Niš. In 2002, the population of the town was 4,437, while population of the municipality was 15,359.

Contents

Geography

Serbian Orthodox church

Niška Banja is situated 9 kilometers from Niš, just south from the main Niš–Sofia motorway. The municipality borders Palilula and Medijana municipalities in the west, Pantelej municipality in the north-west, Svrljig municipality in the north, Bela Palanka municipality in the east, and Gadžin Han municipality in the south. Niška Banja is situated at the bottom of Suva Planina Mountain. The closest airport is Niš Constantine the Great Airport.

Demographics

Ethnic groups in the municipality (2002 census):

  • Serbs = 14,719
  • Roma = 445
  • others.

Tourism

Niška Banja spa is one of the best known centers of health tourism in Serbia and it is the third most popular spa in Serbia after Vrnjačka Banja and Soko Banja. It is well-known by its hot, radio-active water containing radon. The spa is home of a Summer cultural festival.

There are several hotels in Niška Banja: Partizan, Radon, Srbija, Ozren, Terme. Also, tourists can find accommodations in numerous villas.

History

Niška Banja is situated at the bottom of Suva Planina Mountain. It was first mentioned centuries ago, in 448, and with the remains and traces of antique (thermae - public baths ll cent.) and early Byzantium period it has been keeping its tradition and uniqueness. Saint Proust noted once down in 1768 that its bathroom in open was like the one in Budim. Even rice was grown here once.

During the 30s of the last century, Banja started to develop intensively and methodically. Lights appeared in 1925, many famous people built their villas, promenades and parks were arranged comfortable hotels were built and trams came from Niš all the way there in 1929.

Health

Niška Banja is thought to heal coronary and blood vessels diseases, increased blood pressure and rheumatic disorders. It also offers the treatment of orthopedic injuries, body weight control, anti-cellulite treatments and postoperative rehabilitation. The Institute of Niška Banja is equipped with modern .

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Niška Banja is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. http://webrzs.statserb.sr.gov.yu/axd/Zip/OG2006webE.zip.  
  2. ^ (in Serbian) Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2003. ISBN 86-84443-00-09.  

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