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Nicodemus (left) talking to Jesus (illustration from a Bible card published 1908 by the Providence Lithograph Company)

Nicodemus (Greek: Νικόδημος) was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, who, according to the Gospel of John, showed favour to Jesus. He appears three times in the Gospel: the first is when he visits Jesus one night to listen to his teachings (John 3:1-21); the second is when he states the law concerning the arrest of Jesus during the Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:45-51); and the last follows the Crucifixion, when he assists Joseph of Arimathea in preparing the corpse of Jesus for burial (John 19:39-42).

The discussion with Jesus is the source of several common expressions of contemporary Christianity, specifically, the descriptive phrase born again used to describe the experience of believing in Jesus as Saviour, and John 3:16, a commonly quoted verse used to describe God's plan of salvation.

An apocryphal work under his name — the Gospel of Nicodemus — was produced at some point in the medieval era, and is mostly a reworking of the earlier Acts of Pilate, which recounts the harrowing of Hell.

Though there is no clear source of information about this Nicodemus outside the Gospel of John, the Jewish Encyclopedia and many Biblical historians have theorized that he is identical to Nicodemus ben Gurion, mentioned in the Talmud as a wealthy and popular holy man reputed to have had miraculous powers. Christian tradition asserts that Nicodemus was martyred sometime in the first century. Nicodemus is venerated as a Saint by the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. Roman Catholics celebrate his memorial on August 3. The Franciscan Order erected a Church carrying his name and the name of St. Joseph of Arimathea in Ramla. The Orthodox Church celebrates him on the Sunday of the Myrrhbearers, a variable date falling always on the third Sunday of Easter and also on August 2, the date when tradition states that his relics were found, along with those of the Apostle and Protomartyr Stephen and Gamaliel (another member of the Sanhedrin who, according to a disputed Christian tradition, converted to Christianity).

Contents

Nicodemus in Art

Nicodemus figures prominently in medieval depictions of the Deposition in which he and Joseph of Arimathea are shown removing the dead Christ from the cross, often with the aid of a ladder. Like Joseph, Nicodemus became the object of various pious legends during the Middle Ages, particularly in connection with monumental crosses. He was reputed to have carved both the Holy Face of Lucca and the Batlló Crucifix, receiving angelic assistance with the face in particular and thus rendering the works instances of acheiropoieta.[1] Both of these sculptures date from at least a milennium after Nicodemus's life, but the ascriptions attest to the contemporary interest in Nicodemus as a character in medieval Europe.

General culture

Nicodemus was portrayed by Laurence Olivier in the Franco Zeffirelli television miniseries Jesus of Nazareth (1977). In the miniseries, Nicodemus tries to warn Jesus that he might be arrested, and is there to watch the Crucifixion. He speaks the famous words "And with His wounds we are healed" (Isaiah 53:5).

Nicodemus is mentioned often in popular Christian music and literature as a character questioning aspects of faith, such as Nichole Nordeman's song To Know You, which includes the lyrics, "Nicodemus could not understand how You could truly free us. He struggled with the image of a grown man born again. We might have been good friends, 'cause sometimes I still question too how easily we come to You."

In his book, "Judas The Beloved Disciple Remembered" (about Judas Iscariot) William E. McClintic portrays Nicodemus as a member of the Sanhedrin and a teacher of Judas in the "hall of hewn stones" on the Temple Mount. McClintic further states that Nicodemus provided "insider" information to Jesus and the disciples such as impending death threats. Later giving such news to leaders of the early Christian church called "the Way".

Other references include songs from the Christian band For Today, in which one song entitled "Nicodemus (The Seeker)" contains lyrics hinting at his biblical legacy.

References

  • Cornel Heinsdorff: Christus, Nikodemus und die Samaritanerin bei Juvencus. Mit einem Anhang zur lateinischen Evangelienvorlage (= Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte, Bd.67), Berlin/New York 2003

See also

References

  1. ^ Gertrud Schiller, Iconography of Christian Art. Volume 2. The Passion of Jesus Christ. Janet Seligman (tr.), Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society, 1972: 144-5, 472-3.

External links

Jesus meets with Nicodemus
Life of Jesus: Ministry Events
Preceded by
Temple Cleansing
  New Testament 
Events
Followed by
Samaritan Woman
at the Well
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

Ancient Greek Νικόδημος, from νῖκος (victory) + δῆμος (people).

Proper noun

Singular
Nicodemus

Plural
-

Nicodemus

  1. (Biblical) A Pharisee, a secret follower of Jesus.
  2. (rare) A male given name.

Quotations

  • ~1760 Laurence Sterne: Tristram Shandy:
    How many Caesars and Pompeys, he would say, by mere inspiration of their names, have been rendered worthy of them? And how many, he would add, are there, who might have done exceedingly well in the world, had not their characters and spirits been totally depressed and Nicodemus'd into nothing?

Translations


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki


Meaning: the people is victor

a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin. He is first noticed as visiting Jesus by night (Jn 3:1ff) for the purpose of learning more of his doctrines, which Jesus then unfolded to him, giving prominence to the necessity of being "born again." He is next met with in the Sanhedrin (Jn 7:50ff), where he protested against the course they were taking in plotting against Jesus. Once more he is mentioned as taking part in the preparation for the anointing and burial of the body of Jesus (Jn 19:39). We hear nothing more of him. There can be little doubt that he became a true disciple.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

what mentions this? (please help by turning references to this page into wiki links)

This article needs to be merged with NICODEMUS (Jewish Encyclopedia).
This article needs to be merged with Nicodemus (Catholic Encyclopedia).

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