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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nidaros Cathedral

The West Front of the Nidaros Cathedral.

Basic information
Location Trondheim, Norway
Geographic coordinates 63°25′37″N 10°23′45″E / 63.42694°N 10.39583°E / 63.42694; 10.39583Coordinates: 63°25′37″N 10°23′45″E / 63.42694°N 10.39583°E / 63.42694; 10.39583
Affiliation Lutheran
Ecclesiastical status Cathedral
Architectural description
Architect(s) Heinrich Ernst Schirmer
Christian Christie
Architectural type Cathedral
Year completed 2001
Materials Stone
Picture of the Nidaros Cathedral in 1857.
View from the Elgeseter bridge.

Nidaros Cathedral (Nidarosdomen) is a church in located in Trondheim, Norway. It was the cathedral of the Norwegian archdiocese, from its establishment in 1152 until its abolition in 1537. Since the Reformation, it has been the cathedral of the Lutheran bishops of Trondheim or Nidaros in the Diocese of Nidaros. The architectural style of the cathedral is romanesque and gothic. Historically it was an important destination for pilgrims coming from all of Northern Europe.


Building and restoration

Work on the cathedral started in 1070 and was finished sometime around 1300. The cathedral was badly damaged by fires in 1327 and again in 1531. The nave west of the transept was destroyed and was not rebuilt until the restoration in early 1900s. In 1708 it burned down completely except for the stone walls. It was struck by lightning in 1719, and was again ravaged by fire. Major rebuilding and restoration of the cathedral started in 1869, initially led by architect Heinrich Ernst Schirmer, and nearly completed by Christian Christie. It was officially completed in 2001. Maintenance of the cathedral is an ongoing process.


Two organs are installed in the Cathedral. The main organ was built by the Steinmeyer firm in 1930, and was erected in the north transept. It then had 125 stops. Installation of the Steinmeyer organ was commissioned in 1930 for the 900th anniversary of the Battle of Stiklestad. The organ was funded mostly by donations, particularly by Elias Anton Cappelen Smith. In 1962, the organ was heavily rebuilt and moved to the west nave. Many stops were removed; some of them were used to build a new choir organ. [1]I

The old Baroque organ built by Johann Joachim Wagner in 1738-1740 was carefully restored by Jürgen Ahrend between 1993-1994. It has 30 stops and is located at a gallery in the north transept.[2]


Today, the cathedral is a popular tourist attraction. Tourists often follow the historical pilgrim routes to visit the spectacular church. It is also featured on the cover of black metal band Mayhem's album De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas.



  1. ^ The Nidaros Cathedral Steinmeyer Organ (Department of Musicology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology) [1]
  2. ^ The Nidaros Cathedral Wagner Organ (Department of Musicology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology) [2]

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