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Nikola Mushanov.

Nikola Stoykov Mushanov (Bulgarian: Никола Стойков Мушанов) (12 April 1872- 10 May 1951) was a Bulgarian liberal politician who served as Prime Minister and leader of the Democratic Party.

After a career as a minister in a number of governments, Mushanov came to power on 12 October 1931. His greatest policy success came in 1932 when he managed to bring an end to the war reparations that Bulgaria had been forced to pay. Despite this, the economy remained in a poor state, whilst his policy aims of working with Kemal Atatürk towards reconciliation with Turkey also upset the Right-wing politics. Alnogside this, the government was marked by internal political difficulties, notably with the governing Democratic Union splitting during his premiership and the government having to be reformed on different lines.[1] As a result he was overthrown in a military coup on May 9, 1934 by the militaristic Zveno movement.

During the Second World War Mushanov became known as a supporter of the Jews against the Holocaust [1] and was interned for his work. After the War Mushanov attempted to convince the new Bulgarian Communist Party government to re-establish democracy in the country, although his efforts proved in vain.

Preceded by
Aleksandar Malinov
Prime Minister of Bulgaria
1931-1934
Succeeded by
Kimon Georgiev

References

  1. ^ S.G. Evans, A Short History of Bulgaria, London, Lawrence and Wishart, 1960, p. 171

External links

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