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Nikolai Tikhonov
Николай Тихонов

In office
October 23, 1980 – September 27, 1985
Preceded by Alexey Kosygin
Succeeded by Nikolai Ryzhkov

Born May 14, 1905(1905-05-14)
Kharkiv, Imperial Russia
Died June 1, 1997 (aged 92)
Moscow, Russia
Nationality Russian
Not to be confused with the writer Nikolay Semenovich Tikhonov.

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Tikhonov (Russian: Николай Александрович Тихонов; Kharkiv, May 14, 1905– Moscow, June 1, 1997) was the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1980 to 1985.

Tikhonov was trained as an engineer at the Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute earning his degree in 1930. From 1930 until 1941 he worked at the Lenin Metallurgical Plant in Dnepropetrovsk and was promoted to senior engineer.

Leonid Brezhnev was a rising party official in Dnepropetrovsk and he and Tikhonov became friends. He joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1940, became a plant director in Ukraine in the late 1940s and became an official in the Ministry of Ferrous Metallurgy in the 1950s becoming deputy minister in 1955. In 1960 Tikhonov became a member of the State Scientific and Economic Council and in 1961 he became a candidate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party.

Brezhnev became First Secretary of the Communist Party in 1964 and promoted Tikhonov to the position of deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR on October 2, 1965. After September 2, 1976, Tikhonov was one of two First Deputy Chairmen.

Tikhonov also rose in party ranks: In 1966, the 23rd party congress also elected Tikhonov a full member of the Central Committee and in 1979 he became a full member of the Politburo.

In 1980, at the age of 75, he became Chairman of the Council of Ministers. Tikhonov retained his post through uder Andropov and Chernenko.

In 1984, he supported Gorbachev election to the Secretariat of the Central Committee. Gorbachev subsequently became General Secretary in the following year.

Shortly afterwards, in September 1985, Tikhonov was replaced as premier. In October 1985 he was also removed from the Politburo but remained on the Central Committee of the party until 1989. In a 1989 letter to Gorbachev, Tikhonov commented that he regretted his earlier support of Gorbachev.

Tikhonov was the first chairman of the Soviet Peace Committee, in the years 1949-1979.

Political offices
Preceded by
Alexey Kosygin
Premier of the Soviet Union
1980–1985
Succeeded by
Nikolai Ryzhkov

Template:Premiers of Russia








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