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Nikolay Fedorovich Gikalo (March 8, 1897, Odessa – April 25, 1938) was a Soviet revolutionary and statesman. From 1915 he served in the Russian Imperial Army, in 1917 he joined the RSDLP(b). He commanded the Red Army in the fight against the White Army in the Northern Caucasus. He was first secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party from 1929 to August 1930, first secretary of the Communist Party of the Uzbek SSR from April 1929 to June 11, 1929 and first secretary of the Communist Party of the Belorussian SSR from January 18, 1932, to March 18, 1937. During the Great Purge, Gikalo was arrested, accused of plotting against the Soviet state, sentenced to death and executed on April 25, 1938. He was exonerated posthumously.

A city in Chechnya is named after him.

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