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Nina Gagen-Torn (Russian: Нина Ивановна Гаген-Торн) (December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1900 — June 4, 1986) was a Russian and Soviet poet, writer, historian and ethnographer. The original (Swedish) spelling of the family name is Hagen-Thorn.

She was born in St. Petersburg to a noble (dvoryan) family of baron Ivan Eduardovich Gagen-Torn, physician, Russified Swede. She graduated from the Petrograd Institute of Geography and post-graduate course of the Petrograd University (1924). She was a lecturer, worked in the Museum of Ethnography and was secretary of the magazine Soviet Ethnography (1934).

During the Great Purge she spent the years of 1936-1942 in Kolyma labor camps (Sevvostlag "Directorate of Northeastern Camps") and 1942-1943 in exile. In 1946 she earned the degree of kandidat in ethnography with thesis "Elements of Dress of Volga Peoples as a Material for Ethnogenesis". She was repressed for the second time during 1947-1952 and served in Mordovia (Temlag, "Temnikovo Camp Directorate") After serving the term she was permanently exiled to Yenisey. With the end of the Stalinism era she was amnestied on April 16, 1954 and fully rehabilitated in 1956.

Most of her research is in the area of ethnography of the peoples of the Soviet Union , Russian and Bulgarian folklore, and the history of the Russian ethnography. She also published short stories and poems. Two booklets of her poems were published posthumously.

Since 1964 she devoted herself to the study of The Tale of Igor's Campaign and put forth a number of original hypotheses.

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