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Ningbo
宁波
—  Sub-provincial city  —
宁波市
Nickname(s): 甬 yǒng
Ningbo (red) in Zhejiang province (orange) and China
Coordinates: 29°52′N 121°33′E / 29.867°N 121.55°E / 29.867; 121.55
Country China
Province Zhejiang
County-level divisions 11
Township divisions 148
Government
 - CPC Ningbo Committee Secretary Bayin Chaolu (巴音朝鲁)
 - Mayor Mao Guanglie (毛光烈)
Area
 - Sub-provincial city 9,365 km2 (3,615.8 sq mi)
Elevation 150 m (488 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Sub-provincial city 5,681,000
 Density 606.6/km2 (1,571.1/sq mi)
 Urban 2,201,000
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 315000
Area code(s) 574
License plate prefixes 浙B
GDP (2009) CNY 421.5 billion
 - per capita CNY 73,998
Website www.ningbo.gov.cn (Chinese)
City trees
Camphor Laurel Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb.)
City flowers
Camellia

Ningbo (simplified Chinese: 宁波traditional Chinese: 寧波pinyin: NíngbōWade-Giles: Ning-po; literally "Tranquil Waves"; previous name: 明州 Mingzhou) is a seaport with sub-provincial administrative status. The city has a population of 2,201,000 and is located on the northeastern of Zhejiang province, China. Lying south of the Hangzhou Bay, and facing the East China Sea to the east, Ningbo borders Shaoxing to the west and Taizhou to the south, and is separated from Zhoushan by a narrow body of water.

Contents

Etymology

Níng (宁) - Serene; bō (波) - Waves; Together - Serene Waves. The city is abbreviated Yǒng (甬), after the Yong Hill (甬山), a prominent coastal hill near the city, just like the Yong River (甬江) that flows through Ningbo. The abbreviation Ning is used for Nanjing.

History

Ningbo was one of China's oldest cities, with a history dating back to 4800 BC the Hemudu culture. Once known as Mingzhou (明州), Ningbo was known as a trade city on the silk road at least two thousand years ago, and then as a major port, along with Yangzhou and Guangzhou in the Tang Dynasty; thereafter, the major ports for foreign trade in the Song Dynasty. The city of Ningbo is recalled for a long time under the name of Liampó, in the Peregrination (Peregrinação) of Fernão Mendes Pinto, novel autobiographic Portuguese of the XVIth century. It is in this place it seems that was installed the first Portuguese salable community of the seas of China, before Macao. There are celebrated the feats of the pirate António of Faria..Ningbo was one of the five Chinese treaty ports opened by the Treaty of Nanjing (signed in 1842) at the end of the First Opium War between Britain and China. During the war, British forces took possession of the walled city of Ningbo briefly after storming the fortified town of Zhenhai at the mouth of the Yong River on October 10, 1841. In 1864, the forces of the Taiping Rebellion held the town for six months. In March 1885, during the Sino-French War, Admiral Courbet's naval squadron blockaded several Chinese warships in Zhenhai Bay and exchanged fire with the shore defences.

Ningbo was once famed for traditional Chinese furniture production.

During World War II in 1940, Japan bombed Ningbo with fleas carrying the bubonic plague.[1] According to Daniel Barenblatt, Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda received, with Prince Mikasa, a special screening by Shiro Ishii of a film showing imperial planes loading germ bombs for bubonic dissemination over Ningbo in 1940.[2]

"It has been said of the Ningbo fishermen that, 'no people in the world apparently made so great an advance in the art of fishing; and for centuries past no people have made so little further progress.' "[3]

Administrative Structure

Ningbo currently has a Chinese Communist Party secretary of Mongol background, Bayanchuluun, serving as first-in-charge of the city.

Ningbo Local Government Offices

    • Ningbo Foreign Affairs Office [4]
    • Ningbo Foreign Trade & Economic Cooperation Bureau [5]
    • Ningbo Govt.[6]

The sub-provincial city of Ningbo has direct jurisdiction over 6 districts (区 qu) (urban), 3 county-level cities (市 shi) and 2 Counties (县 xian):

Subdivisions of Ningbo-China.png Subdivision
Ningbo City Proper
Haishu-qu 海曙区
Jiangdong-qu 江东区
Jiangbei-qu 江北区
Zhenhai-qu 镇海区
Ningbo Suburban and Rural
Beilun-qu 北仑区
Yinzhou-qu 鄞州区
Yuyao-shi 余姚市
Cixi-shi 慈溪市
Fenghua-shi 奉化市
Ninghai-xian 宁海县
Xiangshan-xian 象山县

Geography and climate

  • Ningbo covers an area of 9,365 square kilometres (3,616 sq mi) and has a total coastline of 1,562 km (971 mi) including 788 km (490 mi) of mainland coastline and 774 km (481 mi) of island coastline.
  • Climatic Features: sub-tropical monsoon climate featured with temperate and humid weather and four distinct seasons; frost-free of 230-240 days
  • Average Temperature: 16.2 °C (61.2 °F); average high in summer is 32 °C (90 °F), in winter 9 °C (48 °F)
  • Average Rainfall: 1,300 mm (51 in) – 1,400 mm (55 in)

Economy

Ningbo is not only a very important port city but also the engine of the economy on east coast of China. A port city which started foreign trading in 7th century, Ningbo has become a major exporter of consumer products, electrical products, textiles, food, and industrial tools in china today.

Although Ningbo is famous for its trading industry, The city's connection with other major cities on east coast of China such as Shanghai is not quite close due to the geographic disadvantages -- Ningbo is separated from Shanghai by Hangzhou Bay, but the barrier was eliminated in late 2008 when a 33 km cross-sea bridge was built, allowing travel to Shanghai in less than two hours.[7]

The bridge is already having an impact on the local economy, according to the observations of lots of business people in Ningbo– property prices are rising dramatically. Industrial regions are now twice as big as similar regions around Shanghai in 2006. It remains to be seen what economic action will be taken to correct soaring property values and whether the correction will be hard or soft.[7]

In 2009, Ningbo's economic activity reached USD 60.8 billion, down 10.4% from 2008. The exports totalled USD 38.65 billion, down 16.6% from the previous year. In addition, Ningbo imported USD 22.16 billion of goods, up 3.1% from the previous year.

Ningbo's economy grew 8.6 percent in 2009 to 421.5 billion yuan (US$61.7 billion). The city's per capita output was US$10,833, about three times the national average.[8]

Ningbo is famous for the Si Lan Nong Xiang flower. Used for dying cloth, 2008 exports were responsible for 3% of the Ningbo economic growth.

Ningbo Port

Ningbo is not just an ordinary city – it has the same authority as provincial governments for economic administration – and has a port second only to Shanghai. Unlike Shanghai, the port is deepwater and capable of handling 300,000 tonne vessels. The port is located mainly in Beilun district and Zhenhai district.In 2006,Ningbo port started its expansion to the small island of Zhoushan for the purpose of building a even large port with higher capacity to compete with its neighbouring ports in the region,such as Shanghai's Yangshan Deep-Water Port. The statistics in 2009 showed that cargo throughput was 570m tonnes and container throughput 10m TEUs.With bulk container breakdowns, hugely improved logistics, and massive chemical and foodstuff, processing developments, Ningbo could yet win the race with Shanghai as port of choice for servicing the Chinese east coast.[7]

Tourism

Ningbo at night
  • Tianyi Pavilion Museum, (Tian Yi Ge Bowuguan) Ningbo's best tourist attraction, the Tian Yi Chamber (daily 8am-4.30pm; ¥20), is comfortably tucked away in the vicinity of Moon Lake (Yuehu). Built in 1516 and said to be the oldest surviving library building in China, it was founded by Ming official Fan Qin, whose collection went back to the eleventh century and included woodblock and handwritten copies of the Confucian classics, rare local histories and lists of the candidates successful in imperial examinations. Nowadays you can visit the library's garden and outhouses, some of which contain small displays of old books and tablets. It's quite a charming place and the gold-plated, wood-paneled buildings, their bamboo groves, pool and rockery still preserve an atmosphere of seclusion, contemplation and study.
  • Baoguo Temple, the oldest intact wooden structure in Southern China, is located in Jiangbei District, 15 km north of Ningbo city.
  • Tianfeng Tower
  • Ahyuwang Temple
  • Tiantong Temple
  • Tian Yi Square
  • Yushan Islands
  • Dongqian Lake
  • Xuedou Temple
  • Hemudu Relics
  • Jiulong Lake
  • Zhaobao Mountain
  • Mount Phoenix Theme Park

Notable people

The monument of victory in the Battle of Zhenhai (Sino-French War)

Many well known Chinese came from Ningbo or their ancestral home was Ningbo.

People in mainland China

People in Hong Kong

People in Taiwan

People overseas

Transportation

Zhao bao shan Bridge, Zhenhai District, Ningbo
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Bridge

As there are three main rivers running through Ninbo,it is crucial build bridges to imporve the efficiency of transport network in ningbo. The Ling Bridge which connects Haishu district and Jiangdong District is the earliest modern bridge built in Ningbo,designed by German engineers. And since late 1980s,16 Bridge were built on the three rivers. And currently another 27 bridges are under construction. The Hangzhou Bay Bridge, a combination cable-stayed bridge and causeway across Hangzhou Bay opened to public on 1 May 2008, connects the municipalities of Shanghai and Ningbo, and is considered the longest trans-oceanic bridge in the world, and the world’s second-longest bridge, after the Lake Ponchartrain Causeway in Louisiana, USA. The The Jintang Bridge, linking Jintang Island of Zhoushan and Zhenhai district is a 27 kilometers long,4 lane sea crossing bridge opened on 26th December 2009.

Sea

The port of Ningbo is one of the world's busiest ports, ranked 2nd by cargo tonnage in 2008, and 7th in TEU.

Air

Ningbo Lishe International Airport connects Ningbo by air to the rest of China, with regularly scheduled flights to China and international destinations.In 2009,new air routes between Ningbo and Taiwan were opened.

Railway

Two railway lines intersect in Ninbo: Hangyong Railway line(Hangzhou–Ningbo) and Yongtaiwen Railway line(Ningbo–Wenzhou). Hangyong railway line is a conventional railway built in 1950s,which links Ningbo to its north neighbours,Shaoxing and Hangzhou. With the booming economy in the region, the current conventional railway cannot serve the demand for railway travel efficiently, so construction of new High-speed railway line between Hangzhou and Ningbo started in 2009. The new railway line will be finished by 2011,and travelling time between Ningbo and Hangzhou will be shortened to 26 minutes. Yongtaiwen railway line is a High-speed railway opened in september 2009. It connects Ningbo with Taizhou and Wenzhou in the south, and further connects Fuzhou in Fujian Province. The high speed train is operating at the speed of 250km/hour,make travel time between these cities dramatically shortened.

Expressway

Five expressways connecting Ningbo with its surrounding cities:Hangyong expressway connects Hangzhou and Ningbo built in 1990s, Yongtaiwen expressway connects Ningbo with Taizhou and Wenzhou opened in 2000, Yongjin expressway connects Ningbo and Jinhua, Huyong expressway connecting Ningbo and Shanghai via Hangzhou bay sea crossing bridge and Yongzhou expressway via Jintang sea crossing bridge. Ningbo ring express is also opened in 2006 connecting districts around the Ningbo city. Another expressway to Xiangshan county is currently under construction.

Subway Line

From 2009,Ningbo started to built its first subway line,Line 1. The phase one of the line will be finished by 2014. In the future,there will be 6 subway lines built in Ningbo.

Military

Ningbo is the headquarters of the East Sea Fleet of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy. Its sector of responsibility includes Taiwan.

Food

Ningbo is known for Ningbo Tang yuan, small stuffed buns which are boiled. The stuffing is usually ground sesame mixed with sugar. The stuffing is wrapped with sticky rice powder.

Universities and colleges

Ningbo has three universities. Towards the north of the city is Ningbo University, while the Ningbo Higher Education Zone (Yinzhou district) is home to Zhejiang Wanli University as well as the University of Nottingham Ningbo, China – a joint venture between the University of Nottingham and the Wanli Education Group.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ningbo is twinned with:

Sister cities (友好城市)

Cities of friendly exchanges (友好交流关系城市)

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 29°52′N 121°33′E / 29.867°N 121.55°E / 29.867; 121.55


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : China : East : Zhejiang : Ningbo

Ningbo (宁波; Níngbō) is a port city in Zhejiang province.

Understand

After one of the Opium Wars in the 19th century, China was forced to open five Treaty Ports for foreign trade, including Ningbo. The others were Guangzhou, Xiamen, Fuzhou and Shanghai. However, Shanghai dominated the foreign trade. Ningbo today is a pleasant city without much to offer a tourist, except as a stepping-off point to other areas in the region, in particular the tourist trap Putuoshan. There's hope that the recently-completed Hangzhou Bay Bridge, linking the municipalities of Ningpo and Shanghai, will increase foreign investment and economic integration with Shanghai.

Get in

From Shanghai:

-Direct flights from both Hongqiao airport (domestic airport within the city) and Pudong airport (international airport 40 minutes from the city by road) are no longer available. The flight duration used to be about half an hour. Delays of about half an hour were common. Since the opening of the new Hangzhou Bay Bridge these flight became less available and now they do not exist.

-Bus and car time from Shanghai to Ningbo is two hours and a half to three hours using the bay bridge. If going through Hanghzou, it takes about 4 hours.

-Train time is about 3 hours to 4 hours (it goes through HangZhou).

Get around

Taxis are ¥10 for the first 3km. Bus is ¥1 (¥2 with air conditioning), but you must know the bus routes - stops are not announced in English.

  • Ningbo City Map
  • Website [1] shows some routes.
  • Alternatively (but time-consuming), Google maps at high resolution shows bus stops with numbered lines that stop there. With patience, one can follow a given line around the city, but your patience must be nearly infinite!
  • Now, the bus stops are announced in English. ["After riding lots of buses, this is not my experience." BBS "No, all the buses i took within the last 2 months did not announce the bus stops in english" PB 19.10.09]

Money matters

As a foreigner, you can exchange your money at all major banks. A maybe wiser alternative is to use your foreign debit card. International ATMs (Plus/Maestro) can give about ¥2,500 (about 250,- Euros) out of each ATM at every transaction, up to a total maximum of ¥5,000 each day, which should be sufficient. ATMs can be found all over the place.

  • Tian Yi Square 天一广场。 The city's main square and shopping mall.
  • Moon Lake 月湖。 The main city park, originally built in 636.
  • Tian Yi Library. A garden pavilion built in the 16th century.
  • Lao Waitan. The "old bund", a popular nightlife district. Really a modern re-creation, in the line of Xintiandi in Shanghai, with a number of Shanghai's popular chain restaurants and clubs having a branch, in anticipation of a foreign investment boom. Indian, Vietnamese, and a spectrum of foreign cuisines is represented.

Do

Go to the island

Know Vikky's places

  • cheap clothing - Chenghuang Temple.
  • brand-names - Tian Yi Square.
  • up-market names - Heyi Avenue Shopping Center north of Tian Yi by the river...Montblanc, Zegna, Cartier, etc.
  • Carrefour (家乐福超市), 248 Zhongxing Road, Ningbo City,宁波中兴路248. Tel: +86-(0) 574-87771211. With parking lot.
  • Metro (麦德隆超市), 1 Maidelong Road, Ningbo City, 宁波麦德隆路1号 Tel: +86-(0) 574-88208888. Good selection of foreign foods, beer and wine, but fresh foods are limited. Also with large parking lot. You will need a metro card to do your purchase. People, however, tend to be quite helpful - if you ask them to borrow their card, they are happy to help.
  • Sanfo is the leading outdoor gear stores in China and their store in Ningbo is located at 1227-1229 Baizhang Dong Lu, Jiangdong District
  • CenturyMart, (Tongtu Lu and Zhongxing Lu). Newest three-story hypermall: 1) department store, 2) grocery, 3) household goods. Decent section of foreign foods: Walkers Shortbread, Lindt and Toblerone chocolate, olive oils, wine, etc.--even Chinese versions of Spam! More orderly grocery area than Carrefour. CenturyMart card gets you slight discount, but not required.  edit

Eat

For an experience, go the 35th floor revolving restaurant in the centre of town. It takes 2 hours to revolve, giving you a spectacular view of the city and the meeting of the Three River Mouths.

  • TianXiang YuanKongZhong ShiShang CanTing (Revolving Restaurant), 35/F, 181 Zhongshan Dong Road. They are open most of the day, but evening is best. They close at 9pm, so go at least before 7pm. Book in advance if you want a window seat. Reservation Telephone : 0574-8725-7177 – 0. Two of you can eat a basic meal for about 100-200 RMB, though if you want to splurge and try out the delicacies on their rather large menu be prepared to pay more. [This place is now closed.]

Ningbo's local seafood style is called "Yong cuisine".

  • Shipu Restaurant (石浦大酒店) [2]. Two locations, 60 Yangyue Jie (tel:8732 8777) at Moon Lake, and 7 Gongqing Road (tel:8730 7470) at Tian Yi Square. Considered one of the best restaurants in Ningbo.
  • Feast Modern Restaurant 87 Huaishu Lu 槐树路87号(tel:574-8735-1111) Probably the best chinese decor in Ningbo. Located in a 200 years old Qing Dynasty merchant house which has been totally renovated, the restaurant offers early twentieth century Shanghai furniture style. The dishes offered are mainly from the region but tend to be more sophisticated than the usual fare found in the city, in general it is excellent. The menu is in Chinese but there are a lot of pictures. Located downtown, 5 minutes or less by taxi from Tianyi Square and Lao Wai Tan.
  • Waitan Huiguan (外灘会馆), Waimalu (外马路) 17. Ningbo. Reservations: 5 74 – 87 35-16 38, Fx: -13 38, 87 35 09 38. Clean Teppanyaki place. Their pricing is also somewhat spectacular - a dinner for two relieves you of about 1,200 RMB. Nevertheless, the food is quite well prepared. Service was also quite attentive.

Drink

Beer at cheaper Chinese restaurants is quite bland, and often not very cold. Foreign and more expensive Chinese restaurants have export-quality Tsingdao and European or Japanese beers. For variety of European beers, try bars on the street on the south side of Sheraton hotel or in Laowaitan district along the river. These often have happy hour with 2-for-1 beers until 8PM.

  • Ningbo Home Inn, Zhenming Lu, Zhangqi Xiang 21 Hao(near Moon Lake).
  • Ningbo Lizhai International Youth Hotel, 77 Gongqing Road (near Moon Lake). 4 Bed Doorms 45 Yuan per person, Single for 80-120 Yuan. Great location.
  • Ningbo Kylie Hotel. Jicao Jie 76 Hao (downtown Jiangdong near Sheraton)
  • Ningbo Hotel. Ma Yuan Road 251. Tel:+86 574 8709-7888. [3] Room rates are with about 240 RMB per night relatively okay. Though it is a rather old hotel, it was just freshly renovated in 2005. It is not far away from the city center. By cab I'd say 7 minutes (during rush hour it could be 15 min).
  • Ningbo Sunny Hotel, 158 Xihe Road Haishu District, [4]. A 3-star business hotel with 105 tastefully appointed rooms. Impressive facilities include a well-equipped business center, conference rooms, and recreational facilities such as a spa and sauna. The hotel also serves sumptuous seafood fares in its Chinese restaurant.
  • Good Sun International Business Apartment, 966 Baizhang East Street, Jiangdong District, +86 574 87056138, [5]. Along a busy street. Spacious accommodations. Rates start at ¥398.  edit
  • Ningbo Howard Johnson hotel, Liuting Jie , 230 Hao. [6] (near Moon lake)
  • Ningbo Nanyuan hotel, No. 2 Lingqiao Road Ningbo, Zhejiang. Tel:+86 574 8709-5678 [7] A multi-awarded five-star hotel along Haishu District.
  • Ningbo Sheraton hotel, 50 Caihong Rd (N). Tel:+86 574 8768-8688
  • New Jingdu Hotel, 86-574-87069999, [8]. New Jingdu Hotel is a 4-star hotel lies along East Baizhang Road. While staying at this hotel, you might want to visit some of the famous tourist spots in Zhejiang, China namely Qita Temple, Moon Lake, and Zhoushan Islands. All of their rooms are air-conditioned and has an en suite bathroom, cable/ satellite TV, safe, hair dryer, free high-speed Internet access, and IDD telephone Best rates on official website start at CNY 442.26+.  edit
  • Marriot Hotel
  • Shangri-La Hotel
  • Bus Buses leave Ningbo's south bus station every ten to twenty minutes for Hangzhou, China's most popular domestic destination. Shanghai is also served by frequent, comfortable buses.
  • Boat The beautiful if over-touristed Buddhist island Putuoshan is a short bus ride and boat trip away, but can feel like a million miles from the hustle and bustle of the city. The ticket (bus and boat included) costs approximately 60 RMB, and the island has an additional 120 RMB entrance fee. The pier is next to the the Waitan, and the last boat of the day is in the early afternoon - there are more boats, operating later, during the tourist season.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

English

Etymology

From: Mandarin tranquil; peaceful + waves

Proper noun

Singular
Ningbo

Plural
-

Ningbo Ningbo

  1. A port city in the Zhejiang province of China

Translations

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